Detroit Free Press from Detroit, Michigan on April 29, 1888 · Page 28
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Detroit Free Press from Detroit, Michigan · Page 28

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THE DETROIT FREE PRESS: SUNDAY APRIL 29, 1888 28 THE SOLAR COMPASS CLAIM. TneHoirs of the Man Who "Seized the Sun Beams" Before Congress. AS' OLU CLAIM EKTITEB IS THE TUIKD GES KKAT10X. ;OF; IAN : 14 Washixoton, April 24.-Speoial.)-One of tha most interesting claims pending before i that of the heirs of William A. Burt, of Michigan, for compensation for the nf f lm solar compass, it is nmch older than the celebrated Mc&arrahan claim, and has been pressed fully as steadily, being now prosecuted by claimants of the third generation. That it is a just claim seems to be conceded on all hands. The equity of the Burt claim was recognized by the Commissioner of the General Land Office, Hon. Justin Butterfield, of Illinois, upon its first presentation, in 3850. It was also acl",0,T edgod by the Senate Committee 011 Public Lands in the first report upon the same, made March 3, 1858. A bill of relief passed the Sen-nato at three successive sessions, in the House of Representatives it received a favorable report from threo committees, tha last in 1SS0. made by Judge Converse, of Ohio. William A. Burt invented the solar compass while acting as Deputy United Suites Surveyor late in the '30's. His mind was directed to the invention by the very annoying discrepancies of the magnetic needle. It is estimated that the Burt solar compass was used in surveying nearly a billion acres of public land in theTTnited States. The compass was converted to government use without compensation to the inventor and was particularly valuable in the mineral portions of the public domain where local attraction is so great that the common compass is of little or no use. The solar compass is put in the meridian by the sun whenever it shines; it shows approximately the latitude every time it is set, and approximately the longitude. All surveyors know tout the magnetic needle does not give straight lines, owing to a daily, a general and local fluctuations. The solar compass is affected by none of. these causes. The claim has now been before Congress, with some intermission, fortyyears. In 1S4!I the inventor, then nearly 00 years old, and his son, Wells Burt, came to Washington with the intention of renewing the solar compass patent, which had run from 1835 fourteen years. The present claimant states that his grandfather was "dissuaded from renewing his patent by the appeals of the land officials at 'Washington, actuated, no doubt, by the best of motives, and recommended by them to apply to Congress for compensation, and let his valuable invention become public propertypromising to support then recommendations in every consistent way." Early in 1850,Mr. Burt, placed his petition for compensation on file in tho Senate, through Senator Felch. In this petition be stated that by his original contract with the monnfacttir er he was to receive $10 as a bonus on each instrument made, but that it was from only a very few that this bonus was received, as most of the deputies were not able to pay the price for them, thus increased, and his anx-jety to have them brought into use, induced him to waive his claim to that bonus; that this 'anxiety sprang from a desire to have 'the lines of the public lands correctly surveyed, that litigation among neighbors might be prevented, and from no other source. Burt claimed that without the use of his instrument the mineral lands in Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa and Arkansas could not have been Surveyed for the -government for less than double, and probablv three or four fold, the amount they actually cost; as in most of those mineral regions the ordinary compass was of no '-manner of use,: as the local attraction was so great as" frequently to prevent the traverse ot file needle, and causing variations ranging from'teii to 180 degrees. The Commissioner of Public Lands wrote an'ehcouraging letter to Senator Felch but made no formal recommendation. Senator Felch was Chairman of the Committee on public .Lands, and the petition received a f bvorable report, but the bill was not reached. The' olaim soon received consideration from President Pierce's Commissioner of the General Land Office. He wrote aletter favoring it, and the House made a favorablo report on a bill tor a larger amount than the Senate bill of the preceding Congress. This House bill was, however, defeated. In the next Congress the inventor asked a renewal of his patent, but before his bill was acted upon he died (185$), and as noneof his sons appeared to prosecute the matter, it died in the committee. Meanwhile, however, tho bill for bis relief bad twice passed the Senate only to die on the House calendar. - : Twenty years elapsed before Mr. Burt's heirs resumed the contest in' Congress, but in November; 1877, John Burt began the contest which has now continued eleven successive v'ears. The petitioners of 1S77 were John, Solon, Austin, Wells and William Burt, who claimed that for thirty-five years very great benefit had been derived from tho use of the solar compass by the Government of the United States, and very little had accrued to the inventor or his family; that the use of this invention had saved the govormnout S10, 000,000, -and at the same time enabled it to secure more accurate and reliable surveys than could have been made by any other means.- Tho House committee reported their bill favorably, but it. died onthe calondnr. John Burt kept up the fight bravely until his generation was succeeded by the third, Which now in tho person of Hiram A. Burt, of Detroit have renewed tho effort in the Fiftieth Congress. Among the petitions in behalf of tho claimants which Hiram A. Burt presents is one from many, of the most prominent citizens of Michigan asking Congress to carefully consider' the claim of -the bcire of "the highly esteemed and worthy benefactor of the United States.'7. Among these signatures are tho names of Don M. Dickinson, Russell A. Alger, ex-Senators Felch and Baldwin, Judge Henry B. Brown, George Y. I. Lothrop, and Congressman Chipraau. There is also a long petition from residents of that portion of Michigan, Wisconsin and Minnesota bordering upon Lake Superior, embracing the great iron and copper mineral districts, who say that, having personal knowledge of the great value to tho United . States of the invention of tho solar compass in the prosecution of the survey of public lands during the last fifty years, they desire to put on record an expression of their high appreciation of the incalculable benefits which have accrued from .the very extended use of that wonderful instrument in the sur-vev and exploration of tho public domain. William A. Burt never received more than $800 from his great invention. It was not surprising ' that the claim had ardent supporters in his lifetime, so ardent that one of them declared: "Nearly twenty years of anxious thought and study and thousands of dollars bave been spent by Mr. Burt in bringing this instrument to perfection ; and some sixty or eighty dollars are all that he has ever received from it. This ig readilj-accounted for by the fact that the government ias always monopolized the surveying of public lands, and as but few are employed m this service, but few compasses are needed; and as that invented by him costs rathor more than the" ordinary kind, those only purchased them who could not do without them. I devoutly hope that Mr. Burt will not be permitted to share the fate of most of the benefactors of mankind; that is, to undorgo tho labor, cost and privations of producing a matter so beneficial to science, and others reap the reward! While the genius of Franklin suatched the lightning from the clouds to minister to man's insatiate thirst for science, it remained for a Burt toseize the sun beams and compel them . tojXHiit out the true poles of our earth.". Some of Burt's heirs are millionaires, and allot them are rich. They are not in absolute need of the money, but they believe they ought to have it, and, with the couraee of their convictions, are going for it. Hiram A. Burt has become a chrouic member of the lobby, and means to stay here "if it takes ull jninuner," Wliitt tho 'e-rr Tork Tross says of our Recent Purchase: " Smuggled Lace Curtains." "The sale of smuggled lace curtains at the Custom Houses yesterday drew out buyers from all over the country. The rapidity with which lot after lot was knocked down to McLennan & Co., of Detroit, Mich., made the eyes of the old heads bulge out.1t was the unanimous opinion that the Detroit firm had been admitted to the ground floor. The laces went for a song." Herald. Yes, gentlemen, they did, and McLennan & Co. will proceed to slaughter them here on Monday morning, 200 pairs Hanover Lace Curtains, in blue, ivory, pink and colors, at $3-5 Per P:iir. worth $3. 2,oco pairs Nottingham Curtains at from 70c per pair to 6. 45-inch wide Crazy Cloth Curtain goods at isjc per yard, worth 25c. 10,000 yards Scrim, cream and in colors, at from 5c to IOC. 100 Portieries at $1.25, $1.50, $2, $3. McLENNAN & CO 'S buyer has scoured New England mills tor bargains, ana tneir store is paciieu un yi su uugam wv iw oouujou uoiuib. buwara Calicos! Sheetings, Denims, Tickings, Shirtings, Carpets, Curtains and General Dry Goods. A Slaughter Sale is the only means to reduce the stock and it must go. Thai terms of this sale are nromiDt cash or C. O. D. ttl McLENM & CO.'S CASH BARGAIN DRY GOODS YABlKriiB OP BOOKWORMS. Sitting in the cozy shop of an up-town bookseller recently, the writer was treated by the old bookman to a learned discourse on tho relative merits and value of ancient and modern books. The "bibliopop," as the young clerk irreverently called his employer, was a shrewd book hunter and a keen driver of bargains, yet withal full of kindly humor and anecdote. In the course of his conversation the old bookman gave expressions to many terms, the definitions of which wcro anything but clear to tho writer. Tbi3 terminology became moro profuse and varied as tho bookman waxed warm on his pot theme, and became absorbed in the laudation of certain scarce tomes, which ho most fervontly prays may someday como into his possession. Wishing to gain some enlightenment on an unfamiliar subject tho writer took occasion to interrupt the bookmaii in the midst of an oratorical flight in praise of a dust covered volume from ftaxton's famous nress. and bluntly asked the book enthusiast to define some of tho terms with which he so lavishly flowered his speech. It required more tuan a single request to eucit. t.Vio rlosirwl information, but bv dint of hard coaxing the old bookman was prevailed upon to explain the terminology of his trade. " .remaps tae most uiiiammur mi 111, t.lin old dealer, "is bibliooniancie..or the art of restoring damaged books. Hudier, the great ireuch book renovator, coined the term. Biblioquianeie is too cumbersome a word for overv day use by any one but a confirmed bookworm, and tho less elegant, but more convenient, 'book tinker? or 'book doctor' is used by those who are not anxious to pass as erudite book lovcists. "Speaking of the human bookworm," continued the old bibliophile, "how scarce a person ho has become. One but seldom meets nowadays with a genuine specimen of the 'dry as dust' delver, who is a century behind his time, and nves aitogetuer among uie uenu books of tho uast and their (often -deservedly enough) forgotten authors. JSlociern dock collectors may ue uivmuu into many classes, ij-eaii mention only a few of these. First there is the prize crank, known (us the bibliomaniac, or, as tho Germans call hiiu, the book fool (Buecheum-r). The bibliomaniac .is a stupid collector ot everything in the shape of a book. He is the victim of an incurable disease, from which his only escape lies in bankruptcy or death. Bibliomania may bo diagnosed as an all absorbing rage for possessing any and all books believed to bo unique, rare or curious. Tho greatest sin a bibliomaniac can perpetrate is to read his books. The bibliomaniac has been classed under three heads by an eminent bibliographer, thus: (1) The inordinate collector, pi) The collector of certain authors, editions, subjects, etc., and (3) the collector of books for the sake of their 'bindings only. There is literally no limit to thrs innumerable specialties of the book collector. i'ext in order (going downward!, is that most disreputable of all persons who dwell in bookdoiu. I mean tho biblioklept. or well to do book thief. He is tho terror of public library keepers and the materinli'.ed demon of the private collector. It is ho who pretends friendship toward yourself and admiration for your book, and who, after gaining your confidence and the liberty to examine your treasures, steals your most cherished volume when your back is turned. Another of his atrocious thefts, and ono from which he derives a most unholy pleasure, is the purloining of a singlo volume from your extra illustrated and not-to-be-duplicttted set of Buskin, or your edition de luxo set of Dickens, in thirty volumes quarto, leaving the odd twenty-nine volumes to remind you of your misplaced confidence. - "But one more remove below the biblioklept in point of scoundrelism is the bibliopokomist, or book borrower. He it is who earnestly begs you to loan him, 'for a few days only,' your precious Aldiue Homer, or your Elzevir Horace, and when aiter months of anxious waiting you call upon him and demand your valued tome, he pretends not to remember it; in fact, often denies all knowledge of the book, and declares that he never has seen it, but graciously offers to search for it. Of course So never finds it. Just as you have given up in dosoair all hope of ever recovering:" the lost book, "the bibliopokomist dies, and you are afforded tho quiet satisfaction of buying back (at a great advance on the price you originally paid for it) the long lost volume, which turns up at the sale of the book borrower's effects. - "Perhaps the niost contemptible of all book men, however, is the bibliotaphe, or, as he has been justly called, 'the undertaker of literature.' The bibliotaphe gathers books as a miser gathers gold, hoarding them up and stowiug them away in places inaccessible to everyone but himself, ile buries his book treasures in dusty cupboards and moth-ridden trunks. In the stillness of tho night he brings forth his purchases of the morniug, and gloats over them in secresy mid- silence. Kever for a moment does he allow others to see his collection, which ho keeps constantly under the bau of lock and key. - "But of bookmen as well as books there is literally no end. There aro bibliognastes, bibliopegists, bibliolatrists and biblio everything else. Last, but not least, is the bibliophile. Ho is the only true lover and woi-ship-or of books. He collects books for what is in them, not, however, as the professional man does. Tho bibliophile will not look upon books as mere tools, but as trustworthy friends. His 4z G and DEESS GOODS DEPT. Moire Silks, in black and colors. Black Satin Rhadames at iji, worth $1.50. Black Armure Silk at $1.50, worth $2. 5. for wraps. Line of Satins at: 50c, all colors, for fancy work. 46-inch wide Henrietta Cloth at Sor, is wortii iji anywhere in America. Look at our line of Broadcloths at $1 per yard. No house in America sells them at less than l. 25. Monday we will place on sale $15,000 worth of goods from the biggest failure that ever startled the people of Michigan. 3,000 yards Twinkling Stripes, imported Dress Goods, at 10c per yard. 3,000 yards Twinkling Stripe Dress Goods, a better quality, at 12'iu Monday, and this week only, 3,000 dozen Dress Buttons at 3c per doz., or 51: per card. is an earnest student of all good literature, which he demands shall be servi'd to him in the best possible form. He will tolerate none but the best books, and thoso must be appropriately and substantially bound. It gives him ns'mur-h pain to see a worthy tome a bugging for a suitable covering as it does to see one's best friend in ragged attire. "If you would be n book collector," concluded the old bookman, as he turned to resume his work, "go to tho bibliophile, considor his ways and be wise." New York Press. He raid the Piper. Talking about the high joint commission which recently visited the Chicago postotfieo and turned it over, I heard a good story yesterday on one of the employes of the concern who undertook to make the visit of the-h. j. c. a ploasant one. Although the commission worked diligently and in some respects more effectually than the good of the service calls for, they had time, it appears, to go oiit. for pleasure and fun. One of the entcrtoinors who holds a position, the annual stipend of which is represented by the sum of 1,800, invited that section o the commission which was. appointed to investigate his division to see the parks and take in one or two . theaters. Tho Chicago liveryman draws no line between the visiting official from the head of the government and the curious visitor from Podtmk. When the commission had finished its report it appeared that they cut the salary of the official down SMO. A few days after he was notified of this reduction he received a livery bill for sonio sixty-odd dollars for showing the" commission around, to which was added theater and dinner bills, bringing up the sum to S100. Of course ho kicked, and made out a "voucher for expenses for entertaining the commission," but the biggest dromedary in old Adam Forepaugh's show-will make several trips through the eye of a cambric needle long before this "voucher" will get back from Washington with an 0. E. Chicago MaiL THE AWAKENING. BT niT.T.rr L. BOXXET. "Baby is dead," Grief's wnisper came: Thcv shrouded waxen form witli tender care. And laid him 'mons the flowers to sleep. A dreamiuK cherub sweetly pure and fail. He dead?" No, no: In paradise The baby's lids unclose. And wreathed In smiles the baby month, Like openini- damask rose. As he awakes to paradise. In angels' fond embrace The tears of earih forever dry Upon the baby face. 0 weepins mother! when you so To home where he awaits. Shall not the baby's dimpled hands Ope heaven's pearly gates? The Fretninm Humorist. 'Who do you think is the greatest American humorist!" "Well, I think you are about as good as any of them." T , ,. "Thanks. For a fact, I behove I have quite a talent in that direction." "No doubt of it." "When did you first regard me as a humor ist!" .. ' . "When you made your seventu promise 10 pay me what you owe me. "Lincoln Journal. A Critic Prom St. Louis. "Have you read any of the late poems, Hiss Howjames?" said the young man brightening up, "written by Walt Whitman for the New York Her" "I am not in the habit of reading anything written by the person you mention," replied the Boston young lady with freezing dignity. "Well, to tell you the truth," stammered the voung man from St. Louis, "I'm not dead "stuck on him myself. He cant rhyme for shucks. He mokes -anxiety' rhyme with 'nitre-glycerine.'"' Clueago Tribune.. . Thanks to St. Patrick. Sympathizing friend "And so you hove had an attack of the D. T.'s'f Victim (ruefully) "I have and 1 hope I'll never have another." S. p. "I'd advise you to tank nothing but Irish whisky hereafter." V. "What good would that do ' S. jr. "There are no snakes in Irish whisky, you know. "Boston Courier. He Was Over Sensitive. "How late -Mr. Tawker stayed!" "He would have stayed till now if I hadn't sent him ofl'." " I hope yon did it politely. Peggy." " Oh, ves. He was oomplainlug of having .... 1 l,nnl. m .mi-H- in t-h,. iiirtl-nilip-. and Li only looked up at the clock and said m sur prise: IV Uy i IJV UU U LU uu.,.u ' dress suit!' "Life. Terribly Uroki'ii. "And are you really so badly broke, my frieud ?" he said, as he tendered the tramp a peimv. "Broke !" was the bitter response, "l m as badly broken as tho tea commandments. Life. 8 Monroe JLren-u.e. LI5ENS & HOUSEKEEPING GOODS. 3,000 yards Minors' Crash at 5c per yard. You never saw the like of this and may never see it again. 2,000 White Bed Spreads at ;c each. 2,000 White Bed Spreads at 900 each. Great big job in Towels at 10c each; all pure linen. An oii-boilcd Turkey Red Table Goods at 40c; always 50c in other stores. PRINT DEPARTMENT. 3,000 yards Seersucker Crinkle remnants, a clean up of the mill, at 5c per yard. 3,2So yards Satteens, 20c and 25c goods at ioand I2)4c. No such bargains in America to-day. 2,200 yards Giaghams, this week only, at 5c per yard. 3,320 yards French striped Flannels at 6c per yard. Great Big Handkerchief Bargains. Large size, white, in the roll, one edge cut. " ' SIR. CABLE AS A .NElGIIBOPu There are, perhaps, few of the greater literary artists who bring to bear the intitnato personal power in life through social, channels that Mr. Cable does. A. conversation with him is apt to give a kind of illumination on one's personal problem of perplexities, and he says fitly that word in season which is suggestive, or which stimulates one to true action. It was in a discursivo breakfast tablo talk with Mr. Cable recently that the question was asked him how it was possible for -a good artist to bo also a good citizen, in the higher sense of the term how a man whose life was given to letters, as a profession, could find time to be the neighbor and the friend, to give liberal sympathies and suggestive aid to social affairs! For any work which is of the creative type ' cannot be relegated to times and seasons, but is apt to invade all hours and hold its worker in more or less introspective absorption. There is a selfish tendency in it, or one that has the aspect of selfishness, and one is apt by a plausible sophistry to represent to himself that, after nil if he irivfi his best vfork to the world in the shape of picture, statue, novel or poem, he is thus contributing his part to progress, and may well be excused from resionding in any general wav to social demands. He may even convince himself that there are certain conditions so essential to artistic production that he has a right to control them and to exclude the every-day life, with its jar and jostle and endless demands. This problem must always, to a great extent, remain the personal and tpe individual one; and one which no worker can determine for another; but the life of Mr. Cable certainly illustrates that with him literary art is not incompatible with the art of fine and true and unselfish living. Like his own cure of Caroncro in "Bonaventure," he is essentially a rami of the domestic sympathies, wuoso 111- Cable is making his life felt like a benediction, or, perhaps, still more like an inspiration. He has devised and brought into action certain social organizations that are affecting a great work in individual progress. In reply to the question how he could find it possible, with his literary work, to give so much time and thought to affairs, Mr. Cable responded that it could be illustrated bv a homely reference to the work of the milk' dealers. The man who sells cream only makes as much money as the one who sells all his milk: the one lets the milk stand till the cream rises and sells the smaller quantity and better quality for tho same money. So with literary work, said Mr. Cable; produce the cream and sell that, instead of giving one's entire life and strength and time to the larger production and niedi-ocro quality. Let an author first live; live truly, largely, nobly; let him live in extended relations with men and do his part in social progress. It is the philosophy which Mr. Cable has so finely shown in his novel, "Bonaventure," that "the best life for self is to live the best possible for others." Boston Traveller. Cousin Lucy's Bearskin. A Cincinnati lady tells a good story of an experience she had several years ago with a New Orleans cousin who was visiting her, and who, with all his freshness as to Northern ways and fashions, was exceedingly polite. The time was winter, when large muffs were the proper caper here, and mutt's in the Crescent Citv were unknown. The first day out for a walk the New Orleans young gentleman, noticing his fair cousin supporting the large muff, mistook it for a burden and said: "Cousin Luev. let me tote you' bahskin fo' you'. " "No. ' Cousin Thomas," responded his companion; '"all the young ladies in Cincinnati carry thern; vu see it's the fashion." 'Well, I never saw but one of them befo'," responded the voung Chesterfield, "and that was in New Orleans, and a young lady was not totiu' it. either, it was in front of a brass band and on the head of a dram majah." New Orleans Picayune. (Jlrls Will Wear Cuncs. Beauty's flattering high-heeled steps are to be supported by a tall silver-topped caue, tied around with a green ribbon, this summer, if she knows what is wliat. Two years ago a Boston societv woman trotted about with one of these canes, but she was not flattered by any imitation, and it looked as though American girls ureferred to leave this manly complement to the dudes. Now, however, the fashion lias broken out in London, from whence all fashionable blessings flow, and swellesses must, be prepared to adopt it at an instant's notice. The Princess of Wales walks with a tall cane. Mrs. Bcerbohm Tree, the actress, has introduced a stunning one into "The Pompadour." where it looks appropriate and chic, and that paragon of style, the Marquise de Gallifet, carries one with a jeweled head. It will lie fun to watch Boston girls creep into the cane-wenring custom. Boston Herald. . Thoughtful to tho .Last. Minister Ito sick man): "You renlize.'iny dear brother, that vcitr.must diet" Sicfc'ihaii: 'Yes. and I shall die with perfect resignation, but please don't mention that to my wife." CEpcch. will have to be hemmed, two for 5c or 25c per doz. Great Big White Goods Bargains this week. 2,000 yds White Lawns at Sc per yd. 3,000 yds White Check Muslin at Sc. 3,000 yds Seersucker Crinkle' remnants at 5c per yd. A BLANKET SCRAMBLE. 120 Miners' Blankets will be piled on' our carpet floor in the basement and sold at 40c. 300 Pieces Art Squares of Carpet ' in all wool remnants of one yd each at 30c, worth S5C 500 yds plain, all wool Carpet, plain colors, at 30c per yd. 200 small pieces of carpet at 10c each, to make crazy rugs, each piece is a yard wide but narrow. Great Bargains in Lace fiouncings, Black Spanish and Chantilly. S.ooo yds of a great big purchase of smuggled Embroideries. Prices on this let will be r.r. ,. tr,.l-.;;:t HOUSE, 2,4,6&8MOMOEAfEI THK ffOBDS WE USE. At an oducational meeting held in this State a few years ago, the conductor, a noted professor, made the following statement: "The best educated person in this room will not use more than (100 01-TOO words.-" He also assigned a small number to persons of limited education, stating that an ignorant man would not use more than 200 or 300 words. I had before seen statements of similar import in public print, and to tost their correctness I began an investigation of tho matter. The subject was brought anew to my mind by observing an article in tho Cbautimqiian some mouths ago, in which Prof. . Bancroft remarked : "It has been estimated that an English farm hand has a. vocabulary limited to 800 words. An American' workingman who reads the newspapers may command from 700 to 1,000 words. Five thousand is a large number, even for an educatod reader or speaker." This assertion is much nearer tho truth than that of the institute conduotor mentioned. For the benefit of those who may bo interested, I offer the results or my study on the subjest. An intelligent person can make the same examination, and will arrive at substantially tho same results. I took Webster's high school dictionary, edition 1S78, containing 434 pages of vocabulary, and examined each word 111 the book. I made a note of those words which I supposed I had used at some time either in speaking or writing. I counted the primitive words and thoso derivatives whose meaning is most at variance with the primitive. Thus, I count 'fright and fruit, but not frighten, frightful, frightfully nor fruitage, fruiterer, fruitful, fuitfulness, fruition and fruit-tree. I omitted most of tho compound words, especially when the component parts directly indicated the meaning, us milk-pail, meeting-house, ragman, but counted thoso whose significance was not directlv indicated, as crowbar, qiiick-sand,;tinfoil. As the result of this examination, I had 7,92S words, which, I think, 1 myself have used. There were 419 in A, 528 in B, 7B0 in C, 455 in D, 235 in E, SB!) In F, 270 in G, 280 in H, 330 in I, 81 in J, 4!) in K, 290 in L, 470 in M, 144 in N, 217 in 0, 715 in P, 55 in Q, 397 in R. 054 in S, 454 in T, 47 in U, 148 in V, 202 in W, 23 in X and Y and 10 in Z. Had I counted the various derivatives in common use, it is probable the number would be nearly double. To make a further test of words at my command, I spoilt about two hours in writing from memory words in A. I was able to note down 537 words that I could use if occasion required. This is thirty-five per cent, more than I had counted from the dictionary. Should the same proportion hold good in all the letters, it would follow that I can recall from memory 10,700 words, all of which aro familiar. I made another count and came to the conclusion that I could give a fair definition of at least 25,000 words in that book, and would understand their signification in 'a printed article or spoken address. The above estimates are based upon my own experience and knowledge because it was .convenient to make the experiment with myself. Every well informed man will be as competent, or more so. Either professor mentioned will have a more extended vocabulary than I have. I then took at random, in the same dictionary, a page in each letter, and counted the words in very common use. On twenty-four pages there were 254 such words. This would give 3,300 words in use by persons of the most ordinary intelligence. None of these lists include any proper names. At the time of making this study, one of my children was 3 years and 2 months of age. I noted, down (and still have the lists) 213 words useil by her in one day. They were words. that any intelligent child would use. chiefly names of household articles and common things, with the most ordinary verbs and participles. I did not hear all she said during the day, nor do I think she used all the words she knew. I estimated her vocabulary at 400 words, and she did not know enough to carry on any except childish conversation. ' From all of the foregoing observations I drew the following conclusions: Every well read man of fair abilitv will be able to -define or understand 20,000 or 25,000 primitives and principal derivative words! The same man in his conversation and writing 'will use not less than 0.000 or 7,000 words, if lie be a literary man he will command 2,000 or 3.000 more. Common people use from 2,000 to- 4,000 words, according to their general intelligence; and conversational power. ' ' " An "illiterate man" (one who cannot read) will use from. 1,500 to 2,500 words. A person who has not at command at least 1.000 words Is an ignoramus and will find difficulty in expressing his thoughts; if, indeed, he have any to express. George Fleming in Literature. It Was Not Stuteil. He "I see that old Mr. Bently was buried yesbirday." . . Wife (shocked) "Why, is oliKMr. ' Bently dead?' ... He (who has i list been "sat uDOn") "The l.naper doesn't say whether he is dead or not; limply that he was buried i-esterdoy." LLife. at a 15c, 20c, 25c. all wide goods. it in either North or South Americans Great Big Bargain in oo piece lotof ,Gn Bar Muslins m Ivorv, Pink andjBhiewj per yd. : .. i Great Hig Bargain in l-.mbroideretftBi Colored Kid Gloves at .12c oer nair:3':. 11 1 Great Big Bargain m 100 doz. Erabroida Back Gloves at 15c per pair, r.ooo yds White Lawn at 5c. 1,000 yds Checked Muslin at 5c pcr y0 i tie Hosiery jsarg.nn ot the Xownp Black Stocking called the ' SanitaryOJ that you cannot change the color. atopj pair, aDsoiuteiy pure. . .. r;jM 1,000 pairs Black Hose with whitefeep week only at 5c per pair. Bargains on Bargains in our. aUenJsJFi itwu rtiia men a jiiiunb OUUU UlylOC.pCl5 2,000 boxes Men's Paper CoJIars :at2tt box. . 1 ,000 Laundded Shirts, magnificentqualitj THE MEhSESGia ESCfklS, , . lk I f "We have considerable call foriboys?ixKtaka. :; ladies about," said the manager!"rt -one otthe?' largest up-town messenger offlcos;,"b'ioth. ing like enough to justify us m keepiiigiyourjgi men especially fo- tint duty. We always' send the neatest-looking boy we haveatfliialj on such calls, when .wo know what ia,vmMm but that .is all tho difference wo mako.s of such calls noiiio from ladles : from?! cities who are visiting New York and w familiar with the shoDS and nlaces of aS mont. They get a messenger boy to nllotll about amone the stores and carry tlieirn ages during the' day and to escort ;tqfeoii to and from the theater at mghfc Gftyg ladies don't have much use for- the.. bowK You see, they generally have a ' relaflvejftg friend to go' with them in the evening W8wt they haven't, they'd as hot bo se&mBj alone as with a messenger boy. trofflagite their side. A New York lady; who mayjmeiiji some one whom she knows almost anySiSre. doesn't like to risk being laughed afymAim does look kind of funny, you know Utffd' tS finely dressed woman going along -svitblasUtge shaver ill n shabby uniform bitched orsljfflta side'!" -k5 "Do tho boys like such call " fJpB "Well, it all. depends on the woraatftelp she's one that will treat a boy well; gTveyhtiia n share of her lunch, and u smile and anTextrftB quarter for himself at the end, the boysliiJ to go with her. If she is tho kind thfliljcolrto the boy all tho time, makos him sit in 'acMirJ and watch her eat without getting a blfijnWjs null., aim uiiuiij tne wnoie 1.; Aft.. ( doesn't like the job:" Now Y01 k Sun. A Hoodoo King , Professional singers are, as a rule,-almoet a',; superstitious as gamblers, and gambtersliarii more hoodoos and mascots thanthtiold flrecfAB sailors bad. Among the things;;wlfch!jre! -generally accepted among grand oporaspJopla as hoodoos, sure to bring bad''Mc"$itbJj' snake riug, which a few vears agowatql(orn:; upon the fingers of so many faBmcl:P?r,; sons. Ono of tho attaches of the Freuth (Wra Company, now performing at the;i(lMa Theater, though not a singer hin;jwr takes of tho superstitions of those withWH ho pomps in dnilv contact. f4omft .vsanflU before he became convinced that a snattfiMVr'S is a hoodoo, he purchased a handsome-iObeMM Paris for ?85. That night his hotel (ugW;Mj: and he jumped from a third tory windoJn-: juring himself so severely that he watWtef,; fined to bis room for several day ' This pretty nearly convinced him -tbs(?fc' snake ring was an unlucky ornameBgjp nearly, in fact, that he ceased to wosriJiW: carried it as a pocket piece . Last Saturday ho wus wallcmg-on-JTaUwril street in this city, looking up at tto buDalnp and musing along with his- honor- pockets. Without any thought of wt8tfP, was doing he ran his finger through?! .SHSiij ring in his pocket, and lo1 MmebodyhadKlC pile of coal beside an open coal; hola'wBSSJ a, he knew- it, our French f nend stuck n"""5" r into the coal and dived headlong oWmVmgil) down through the hole into theMSW't'j-'i bruising and barking himself in anMWv; lamentable way. Of course, when h'??g3 himself falling he threw up his n(2ftg there was the snake ring gleaming and glitBfcg ing, almost hissing and gibbering, on,1!": finger. Frank Perley, the associate managejiOi-WM Columbia, who is not yet convinced., of -t hoodooing properties of the ring, ofS'f'Sfe ing for the purchase of it He sajs the rwnc5i man has offered it to him for 810, and .be-;! sure that bv the time some other acoteKMg pens 10 its owner be will sell it for then Frank will buy it. Chicago Tunes,- Toil Jlust Have Kneclal nelipi?: If you are very rich and want to be,iy.M stylish in these days, you must not go to ture store for very much besides your -nufe-tresses and kitchen appointments. The'ijSjji architects and decorators arc now biisiMW1 the invention of chairs, lounges, bedtggrg billiard tables, dining tables, buffets, bWg and nearly every other portable 'kingjSSp goes into a great house.- Nearly all tbeJjgjBs ture 111 the Vanderbilt houses. Law L.uigsraj many other establishments was expeddffifgg signed for them, and bas no coiintrp8r.iE-j wnere in tlio woi-lu. ine revolution uwrj negins wun a uuainr. iire-piuce. meu itjjjw foe rti- -hArict-An.l t,,:Vnn tit niiltell ZEPPSft next the chairs and tables follow mut-tesUI ' kSeDhriffi--f New York Snn. .v 3 Yankee Girls on Wlilttlers. a,, :,,f cvw.intfv wns workettj.i the programme of a literary eiitertamrafjM!5j a Western Maine town recently. I ;SBk bung-whittling contest b the ladies the fair contestants was given a Suuarjaig of wood from which to shape a bung lare stone iue. Prizes were given ne-jSB best and poorest specimens, and a" thete lug literary prouuctions were mo- tllll'UUU. 11. in lll 1.11UI. .-wjimu Kl,ul ..i,,ir ,uwnc lhit. Iiv'rt Or tfarCe 01; " ;r;'i:i.?J .,..,'.!. fnniime;noy and that one bung would actually WBRj luelassei in the jue.-f Bangoi tommerci m VP

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