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Wll suffer if evicted, Navajos say By ROBERT L. THOMAS ; Southern Arizona Bureau TUCSON - If the Navajo tribesmen now living on the ifht-use area claimed by the R?pi Indians are evicted by a ffeurt order they will face rrterrtal, economic and cultural problems, the U.S. district cSurt was told yesterday. The hearing, which is expected to last two more days, isl'Jo give, the Navajo tribe a chance to present its side of the dispute. Last month the Hopi Indians told the court fWMhe Supreme Court ruled tjlO years ago upholding their o-ight to half of the two mil-. Jiionacre parcel, yet they have tioQeen able to occupy the Sand. s J J ".'he long-standing contro-J y?rsy, which has erupted into !vio.ence several times, was J remanded to federal court Hvith a Ninth Circuit Court of x Appeals mandate to find a formula for land division. ; The deprivation of the estimated 8,000 to 10,000 Navajos living in the joint-use area vas described by numerous .witnesses called by Navajo lawyers George Hilty, Robert Cook and Larry Rizzo. A U.S. public health service psychiatrist. Dr. Otto Pen- dheim, said Navajos would Snffer mental illnesses if the lumbers of sheep they graze jn the contested area are forcibly reduced by the government. I Sheep, P e n d h e 1 m maintained, are the Navajo bridge fc their old culture and give giem a stable family Me consistent to the weaving, mut-ifcn, shepherding and economics involved in Navajo sheep Raising. Stress due to changing cul-ires among the Navajos has 3ed to the use of peyote drug, hi c h Pendheiirv estimated Jow involves . 50 per cent of 1iie tribe. , : & - v; Under r examination by 5ie Hop'i's lawyer, John Boy-en. Pendhelm said he treats jiiore Hopi "patients than Navajos, and said that a strorig-ejr tribe such as the Navajos ioould cause, "frustration" to a : Weaker tribe like the Hopis. Pendhelm, who said he -Ifeels closer to the Hopi cvri-$ye than he does to the Navajo, agreed with Boyden that Jne w eaker Hopis would want protection of the federal government while the Navajos Ido not want any interference." - . ;Dr. Robert A. Russell, an anthropologist teaching at a JJavajo community college, Said a stock reduction similar & the 1933 reduction forced ijn the Navajos by the government because of severe over-jrazing of the range would be lm o s t traumatic, extreme, damaging, harmful and cata- ; "Russell, married to a Nava-$ woman and with children ho are members of the &t9j said that the role sheep jrty" In holding together Na-wfe society can never be es-pated. said a voluntary reduction program in the numbers iif livestock within the joint -)se area would work now when a forced reduction program will not. Russell said fliere is a new, breed of young educated Indians who underhand the need of such programs but who want to make fjieir own decisions without governmental interference. Under cross examination ftussell avoided answering feoyden's question on whether the Navajos should be al-ifrwed to destroy their own Und through overgrazing. ;j Behashone Begay, a Navajo e r,d s m a n in the disputed rea, ran into a concentrated (ttack by Boyden, who pro-it u c e d several photographs Jaken by Hopis when Begay Was 'arrested for trespassing cfi the Hopi reservation last spring. ' Admitting that the pictures jjere of himself, and of sever- Navajo-owned pickup trucks, Begay denied that he tas-using the trucks to herd Hopi cattle from the joint -txse area and back onto the Hopi reservation.. 4Ray Holmes, former Bureau of Indian Affairs super-SfTeiTdent for the Navajo reservation and now tribal realty officer, told the court the tribe is bitterly opposed to any governmental stock reduction program. He said a fcrttmtary reduction program ihay "have a little more success." J Holmes said he' was "extremely doubtful" that the jtavajos would ever voluntari-IfTelease to the Hbpis their half of the land. New Party one of Trie ReAsoNs. f ; i HATeib see Trouble COMiNG iS BCCAUSe. V VoUNeveRKMoWiFTFS OUST PROPPING lTo i '(v SAY HCLlP,...ORiFi"T PLANS To HANS ARoUND FORAWHiLei! -. lpses;plea 0 Air crash at Canyon is traced to overload WASHINGTON (AP) - The twin-engine private plane that crashed shortly after takeoff from Grand Canyon Airport April 16, 1971, killing five Illinois tourists aboard, was excessively loaded for flight in the thin air of that high mountainous area, the National Transportation Safety Board said yesterday. The board said the plane was about 257 pounds over the maximum gross weight. The air at the late-evening hour of takeoff was the equivalent of an altitude of 7,200 feet, the board said. The safety board repeatedly issues statements warning pilots not accustomed to high ground altitudes of the West to compensate fully for temperature and density in planning their flights. The board attributed the accident to inadequate pre-flight planning by the pilot, and to improper in-flight decisions. It noted that after takeoff for Los Angeles the plane turned right into rising terrain. The visitors from Illinois were Dr. Merrill Shepro, the pilot, a Riverside dentist, president of Scientific Film Co., Inc., and his employes, Margaret C. Nejdl, Oak Park; William Vickers, LaGrange; Martin Rutsay, Aurora, and Robert Kostro, Downers Grove. in meson Associated Press TUCSON Superior Court Judge Robert Roylston yesterday denied an action by the New Party charging that the Pima County recorder used inconsistent and improper methods to validate signatures that would fcave. put the party on the ballot. Roylston called. the suit untimely, and tsaid. it was not filed close, enough to the certification; date to allow the review that the, New Party requested ,-: ; . . .... 4 ,-; . " . .' Party chairman Paul Damon filed the special action suit July 25 after his party was refused a, spot on the Sept. 12 primary election bat-lot. Party workers got 12,000 signatures on petitions, almost 4,000 more than the 8,228,1 needed to have an independent party listed. State- county, recorders put , the party short of signatures when they validated only 6,783 , of the names. - A spokesman for the American Civil Liberties Union said the new party filed the suit asking that a referee be appointed to check the signatures not validated. Judge Roylston was unwilling to dismiss charges against the Maricopa County recorder because he said the felt he did not have jurisdiction in that area. republic . mail. -. PhoeiinvWed., August if.'lW? "S the ArtzonaHepublfc B-j 1 ! W, ,S" h7- 2 - 0 TBue FaiseOimaiiiorDg ;:Fyir,tteiraDooD ' "VL. j 'I'M i :'; ' ' . i - ' , - ' ' Y . ''' i t J ' s. ; I .mm - r - I ....... v Public board termed boosters of health care State within funding limit for welfare Associated Press CHICAGO A labor union teach only officer yesterday told hospital . administrators that communi-ty boards can help make hospitals and : medical ' schools ' moe' responsive to the people " they serve. More and more such boards are being created in response to community "demands for a greater voice in health care. One official has reported that eight of the 18 ISew York City public hospitals pow have such boards. The union officer, Lillian Roberts, associate director of District Council 37 of the American Federation of State, County and ' Municipal Employes, New York City, said such boards can be an asset to hospital administrators in presenting to them the views of the c o m m u n i t y served by the hospital. Many hospitals serve as teaching institutions for medical schools, and Mrs. Roberts said such hospitals often Ford recalling 150,000 wagons for inspection DETROIT (AP)-More than 150,000 full-size 1972 Ford station wagons--the entire year's production are being recalled for inspection and possible modification of the jack slots In the bumpers, company officials announced yesterday. A bumper support bracket is partially blocking the jack slot in approximately 30 per cent of the models, Ford said. That means jacking could be either impossible or dangerous for those models, Ford said. Dealers will Inspect the wagons, and bore ' out the blocked jack slots. Ford said the possible defect was discovered during a routine production audit. A spokesman said there had been' no customer complaints about the problem, which also affects 6,568 wagons in Canada and 361 shipped overseas. what the schools want to teach. Community boards can demand that these institutions become involved in such problems as drug addiction, tuberculosis and sickle cell anemia, which, Mrs. Roberts said, are now being ignored. ; Mrs. Roberts said a community board can help to es- r tablish priorities, and pointed ' out that many hospital beds." are now vacant which could be put to good use. This might include treatment of drug addicts and alcoholics and providinga place for the aged until they can be placed elsewhere in more appropriate health-care facilities. She was a participant in a panel on the dual system of health care at the American Health Congress. Some 20,000 persons are expected to attend the four-day congress, sponsored by the American .Hospital Association, the Catholic Hospital Association, the American Nursing Home Association and the Health Industries Association. Leslie Smith, executive director of the Los Angeles County Hospital, suggested that one means of eliminating a dual system of health care in which the poor get one. type of treatment and the well-off get another tis for public hospitals to contract with private institutions to care for the poor. Such a system is being tried in Los Angeles, he said. Assistant State Welfare Commissioner Jack Gaston yesterday said Arizona social programs will jiot suffer if Congress puts a $2.5 billion limit on federal funding of services to the poor. Gaston said such '" a limit has been under congressional consideration because demands by various- states for funds have grown from about $300 million to almost $5 billion in three years. ' - Arizona used only $1.7 million in the last fiscal year for certain welfare programs, he said. He added that a $2.5 billion national limit on welfare funds this year would still al low some expansion of Arizo na programs. Of the $1.7 million used by Arizona last year, $1.1 million went for day care of children of former or potential recipients of aid to dependent children, Gaston said. Anoth er $355,000 was used for day care of current ADC cases and $230,000 for services to poor people receiving work training, he said. But Gaston said the federal funds are not an obscrure bonanza in which states can share virtually free of charge. He said that the federal funds will finance 75 per cent of!i program but that the state still must put up toe remanV ing 25 per cent of the cost. . . .. . He suggested one reason behind mounting demand for the federal funds is a federal proviso that stages may use them to purchase "social ; services from private welfare agencies. The latter thus enjoy the benefit of public as well as-private financial support, he said, Bass fisherman is fined $27,000 GLOUCESTER, Mass (AP) A Gloucester fisherman, was fined $27,000 for possession of 1,600 pounds of striped bass under the legal size. District Court Judge H. Lawrence Jodrey ordered Edmund Lakeman to pay $600 by Aug. 15. The judge placed Lakeman on probation and told him if he committed no more offenses, the court would consider lowering the fine. The Lockhorns . i: t I I OP COURSE YOU PON'T-UNDERSTAND ME. I'll err mrs. einstein ' : PlDN'T UNDERSTAND ALBERT, EITHER.", Haiti requests U.S. arms aid WASHINGTON (AP) - The State Department confirmed yesterday that a U.S; military mission recently made a visit to Haiti to consider a Haitian request for military aid. Department spokesman John King said the mission studied Haitfs military equipment and training needs and that a decision on conferral of military aid will be made shortly. King gave no dollar amount . on the assistance allotment under consideration but one report put the figure at between $5 million and $10 million. SUB-IGLOO PASSES TEST TORONTO (AP) Sub-Igloo, a transparent underwater, habitat, passed its first test , when it was submerged in Georgian Bay, according to its d e v e 1 o p e r, Dr. Joseph Maclnnis. He said the 8-foot sphere, held on the bottom with ballast, is intended as an underwater haven for divers. ' ' There's a nasty rumor that.most natives never venture outside the Valley of the Sun and their knowledge lags far behind that of both the perma-nent and transitory "snowbirds." , ..... . For natives wishing to squelch the ostrich rumor ' and for "snowbirds" wanting to do more exploring The Arizona Republic periodically s printing a new full-page feature on "The Fascinating Four-. i , .... teen ... Arizona Counties." . , Artist and writer Kearney Egerton has put together a series of maps, stories and photographs highlighting the historical, scertic arid recreational aspects of each county. ' Wyatt Earp, Lake Mead and the Grand-Canyon are among the well-known integrals of our colorful state. But Egerton introduces you to fust as interesting but lesser known "landmarks" such as Polyline Cushman, a beautiful Union spy, Jim Sam, a Chiiieseg'unfighter, and the Postqn "Sun'Worship" Butte, where Charles Poston once tried to revive the ancient Persian Parse religion. i ; .... . . , For Interesting reading, or to find new locations 'to visft In Arizona, look for "The Fascinating Four-,teen" in The Republic. The Arizona Republic I' f wig mm S:s A, - :. ' ..... , , t . : . J . - ....... ... w ' i , . , ... . ... w LfTr lyf 1 1 ire. . . mwmsm- xpti i . m mmmrmmm miJi t?gl'Av nit '"""jv. -f ; ' 7 Lai3uEV -nj' Jg2m&- I. T t: 'vV f ,' COBOMAPO KAT10KAL I 30LOAOH "rCV S 'A 1 U-T -1t T Hli':A F0EEST 'H CACTUS FIAT Urf l iftra-Vv .. ..... - ,m I um mo -. i r. . tv,jRai;i.- .1. . . . i.- .-. zh

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