Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on November 21, 1942 · Page 1
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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 1

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fSmetd-eSOOTOVEST TUCSON -JQT220 EL PASO J Today Pages TELEPHONE S-llll 112 N. CENTRAL AVE. . i LOS ANGELES MIA ML FLA-- I V-T? 1 53rd Year, No. 187, Phoenix, Arizona .XCIO Saturday Morning, November 21, 1942 m i 1 r Germans I Gas Ration I IPs X. ' I V ALGERIA I v m,NtH I . M-k LIBYA EGYPT j 'FRENCH J FIGHTING! I I ffiicH I SUDAN I AFRICA OJ EQUATORIAL 1 AFRICA ; tr? CHAD "MHiAn)Tlittt THREE-PRONG DRIVE: What is left of the once powerful axis force in North Africa is menaced by string Allied troops moving in on them from three directions. The latest addition to the British-American drive through Tunisia is the push of a Fighting French army from Lake Chad in French Equatorial Africa. (NEA I I r s Laval Says Nazi Pact Is Only Hope Of Peace VICHY (From French Broadcasts), Nov. 20 (AP) Pierre Laval told Frenchmen tonight that an agreement with Germany "is the sole guarantee for peace in Eurbpe," and forecast a "domination of Com munists and Jews" in the event the Allies win the war. WTIIE STATE' Taken By Death HARRY M. MOORE Twice Arizona's secretary of Mate and overwhelmingly elected for a third term in this month's general election, Harry M. Moore died unexpectedly late last night, 24 hours after undergoing an emergency appendectomy. Harry Moore, Secretary Of State, Dies Official Elected This Month For Third Term j HARRY M. MOORE. Arizona's secretary of state, died unexpectedly at 9:20 o'clock last night, 20 hours after he underwent an emergency operation for appendicitis. He was 47 years old. - ueatn was auriDuiea xo pulmonary thrombosis. Mr. Moore apparently had recuperated swiftly from the operation itself, and had told friends thrniifhmit the afternoon and eve ning that he was feeling fine. He was laughing and joking with Mrs. Moore and a number of friends visiting in his room when death struck. He simply stopped talking. Mrs Mnnro rollanQprl nnri1 was kept in the hospital as a patient. Married Only Month The couple had been married one month to the day, and only recently had returned to Phoenix from their honeymoon, spent on Mr. Moore's Oregon ranch. The secretary of state and the former Clara Wimberly Dawson had heen married here at the home of close friends. October 20. Mr. Moore had celebrated his birthday last Monday, only two weeks after being elected overwhelmingly for his third term in the second highest office in the state. His death stunned his host of friends. Governor Is Shocked Governor Osborn heard the tragic news by telephone as he worked in his office in the capitol shortly before midnight, and was snockea almost speecniess. "It can't be true!" was his in stant reaction. Later he said: "Harry - Moore was one of the finest men I've ever known. Certainly he was one of the finest public officials we've ever had. Arizona has suffered a great loss." oiaoie irienasnip frinHhin tf th envemnr and the secretary of state had been notable in a capitol which in years past had seen all too frequently the two top . executives at swords points. Mr. Moore was the second mem-her ofhis familv to serve with the present governor, for Sidney P. Osborr was the youngest member and A. A. Moore, the secretary's grandfather, the oldest member of the constitutional convention that framed the state s basic jaw. Sorrowful 'lasK Upon the governor will devolve the sorrowful task of naming someone to succeed his close friend for the remainder of Mr. Moore's present term and unless a special election intervenes for the term to which he was elected Novem ber 3. Harrv Martm Moore was born in Peoria. November 16, 1895. He was a member oi one or tne (Continued On Page fi. Col. 4) hMMHHHMh.imwv. ftb. .mmmm.9wmmmMmmmmwm se il wo Uties Three-Way Trap Is Prepared For Nazis LONDON, Nov. 20 CAP) The main U. S. and British armies engulfing Tunisia were only 25 or 30 miles outside axis-held Bizerte and Tunis tonight and a death grapple for this strategic corner or the protectorate was expected to be gin at any moment. The Allies now control most of the French . territory, and across the Sahara desert to the south-cast a Fighting French army was reported on the move to trap Marshal Rommel's Libyan remnants in a three-way squeeze. French Battle. Nazis The Nazis have seized Gabes in Southeastern Tunisia 100 miles from the Libyan border. Allied headquarters' dispatches said, but French troops in that area were said to be beating off Nazi efforts tc link up that coastal region witli the axis base in Tripoli. One Allied unit apparently bent on encircling Tunis was reported to have reached a point 25 miles southeast of that capital. Radio Brazzaville, the Fighting French station in Equatorial Africa, said. A dispatch from Allied headquarters in North Africa said Allied planes fought against the German air force for control of the air. The destruction cf nine axis planes, by the Royal Air Force in one day testified to the ferocity of the air struggle. Germans Reinforced The German radio continued to stress the rapid reinforcement of their forces in Tunisia, and quoted Nazi military quarters as saying they expecjted "operations In this war theater Will berllmited mainly to fighting in the coastal areas and for naval bases." Axis planes were dive-bombing the U. S. and British troops, Berlin said. Aside from French troops already joining the Allied advance. Fighting French quarters here said that at least 10,000 of their comrades held in concentration camps by Vichy would be released now; under an amnesty order. Axis Columns Mauled Hot upon news that heavily- gunned spearheads of thi Allied drive had mauled three axis armored columns in the first hard fight ing of the Tunisian campaign came the report from the Morocco radio in Rabat that the Germans had. landed new reinforcements at Bizerte. including tanks trans ported by air. The Allied advance units which destroyed a third of a panzer column sent out to meet them and sent two other Nazi columns tumbling back upon their main body wer- reported to have reached the main axis defense lines. Striking swiftly across Tunisia to clear the way for the main body of Lt. Gen. K. A. N. Anderson's British First Army pouring in from Algeria and to lock the defending axis forces in the northern. tin of the French protectorate, the Allied spearheads clearly won the first round of heavy fighting. Furious Battle Forecast A spokesman at Allied head quarters, after recounting the first tank battle on the coastal route to Bizerte, in whi?h 17 axis armored vehicles, including 11 tanks, were destroyed and heavy casualties inflicted on German troops, predicted the fight would increase in fury and scope now that heavy Allied units had reached the main Nazi defense positions. He said Allied casualties had been "minor" in the opening clashes. As the Germans and Italians retreated stubbornly into Bizerte and Tunis to make their final stand on the extreme western end of the long northwest African battle line, word came that Marshal Rommel's ravaged Afrika Korps had abandoned Bengasi, its last possible port of escape from Libya short of Tripoli, and was streaming on south and westward for a possible stand at El Agheila. Anticipating that the German commander would elect to stand and fight. Gen. Sir Bernard Montgomery sent swarms of heavy RAP. bombers over the Agheila bottleneck to begin the usual softening up process. American airmen hammered an airfield south of EI Agheila. Effective use of mobile artillery, which played such a big part in the initial rout of axis forces at El Alamein, in Egypt, continued to feature the Allies' assault in lO North Africa we have discovered the Japs Resist Fiercely In New Guinea Planes Bomb Bases, Heavy Fighting Breaks Out By BRYDON" TAVES ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Nov. 21 (Saturday) (UP) Heavy fighting has broken out on the northeastern coast of New Guinea, where American and Australian troops have pinned the Japanese against the sea in a 15-mile strip between the twin enemy bases of Buna and Gona, it was announced today. Japanese airplanes have entered the engagement, said the midday communique from Gen. Douglas MacArthurs headquarters, indicating the Japs were going to make an all-out attempt to hold the bases against the Allied assault. "Heavy fighting has developed in the Buna-Gona coastal strip," the communique said without disclosing any additional details. Battle On Outskirts The communique yesterday re vealed the Allied forces were bat' tling on the outskirts of both towns and front dispatches said the fight was Deing waged in blinding rain. MacArthur's airmen meanwhile lashed out against Japanese bases on the islands northeast of the bat- tlefront apparently to prevent the enemy from sending reinforcements from them. They attacked airdromes and other installations and shot down one Jap Zero plane during tne process. The towns of Manatuto and Bau eau, on the northeastern coast of Timor island, which is northwest of Australia, were attacked concur rent with revelations that the Jap anese were strengthening their positions there. Light bombers made those attacks. Zero Shot Down Over 'Arawe, on the south coast of New Britain island. 240 miles northeast of Buna, an Allied recon naissance unit shot down the Zero which tried to intercept it. Rabaul, also on New Britain and 400 miles from Buna, was attacked by medium bombers which battered that port's installations under cover of darkness. Medium bombers attacked Ka vieng, on New Ireland island, 475 miles north of Buna. They bombed the airdrome at night, hitting the runway and plane disoersal havs. The Japanese had their backs to the sea along the coast stretching irom nuna. xo tne Gona mission, twin bases which they occupied in July. Warships which apparently came to aid them were under heavy pounding by Allied airmen who already have sunk a light cruiser, a destroyer and damaged a second destroyer. Yankees Slaughter Isle Japs Knox Reports 28 Ships Sunk In Solomons WASHINGTON, Nov. 20 (AP) Half of a force of 1,500 Japanese landed on Guadalcanal has been siaugn-tered and the rest routed, the navy announced today, and Frank Knox, secretary of the navy, declared jubilantly that the American hold on the island prize is "now very secure." Knox based his statement partly on the land action, in which embattled marines and army troops apparently crumpled the eastern jaw of a Japanese pincers aimed at the'vital airfield, and partly on the great sea victory or last ween. Toll Of 28 Ships Sunk . He announced definitely that the toll taken in the sea fight was 28 enemy ships sunk, and ten damaged. There had previously been some hnrvht that the total mieht be slightly lower due to the possibility of duplication in reports from the scene. Last night the navy announced the destruction of a battleship or heaw cruiser, three large cruisers Last Monday a communique disclosed the sinking Of 23 Ships, including a oaiutramp and ten other war vessels. "ah toiH " Vnov said, "the Japa nese fleet has been pretty badly punished. U. S. Battleships Took Part "Of course," he added, "they can bring in more reinforcements and fight their way, but so far they have been unable to do it." He revealed that two American battleships took part in last Saturday night's phase of the big Solomons struggle, in which heavy loss was inflicted on the enemy. Although he could not give details of oniraffdmdnK in which Ameri can and Japanese battleships slug ged it out for tne iirsc time, ne sam. "It was a very efficient and well-handled maneuver and caught our friends by surprise." Speaking of the land fighting, he said Americans there now outnumber the Japanese. The action in which the 1,500 Japanese were killed or put to flight he described as "very significant." Dispersed Into Jungle The navy communique said these enemy troops were reinforcements landed early this month and added succinctly: "About half of these enemy troops have since been killed and the remainder have been dispersed into the jungle." While the defeat of these reinforcements might not have wiped out the enemy's eastern positions, it was clear that the foe's strength m hie ciHo rf the American-held airfield had been severely crippled and it appeared unlikely that he could move oiier.siveiy io any tit in view of the American ctrcneth nnH the drownine of thous ands of Japanese reiniorcemems when tne iNipponese arraaua waa shattered and driven on. raFvn Shlrw Attacked Today's communique related that, ; Viz hnr( of any more im- .-.want tarcrts. armv bombers at- tacked cargo vessels in we duhi ,rs9 at the souineasiern ena i T3 r i inaini' ills iclariri November 18 anri chnt rinwn 14 pnpmv clanes dur ing the attacks, no American losaea were reported. Meanwhile, the far-flung succes rip rf Amoriran arms in the Solo mon Islands and North Africa led to promotions for the admirals in charge and for urig. uen. james n. (Jimmie) Doolittle. Tifo.Am William F. (Pudce) Halter ir . whose forces drubbed the Japanese fleet in the Solomons, was nominated to be a full admiral. Rear Adm. Henry K. Hewitt, commander of the American naval forces in the African operations, ted for vice-admiral. And Doolittle. commanding the air forros m Africa, is to De maae a major general. t if u helieved here to be an indirect repercussion from the filing of charges of attempted murder against one Lchida, a wrestler, following a hitherto unpublicized series of gang assaults. W. Wade Head, director of the center, reportedly was absent from Poston and was net expected back at his office before this afternoon. Pending his return, nothing official was obtainable on the peculiar situation confronting the civilian authorities now in charge of the center. It was learned that so far the strikers have been comparatively quiet, with neither physical nor property damage reported, but with no one making apparent headway toward solving the strike, vptic references to military intervention have been heard here. Anti-Poll Tax Bill Is Killed WASHINGTON, Nov. 20 (AP) The Senate apparently killed the anti-poll tax bill today, for this session at least, and set the obsequies for Monday. A vote will be taken at 1 p. m. on that day, which" proponents of the measure conceded they could not win. The vote will be not on whether to pass the bill, for which a bare majority would be required, but on whether to limit debate, which requires a two-thirds majority. But the effect of the vote will be the same, by virtue of a "gentlemen's agreement" between. Democratic leader Barkley of Kentucky and Senator Connally, Democrat, Texas, leader of the Southern opposition. ' Barkley undertook "when the cloture motion is rejected" to go on to other business and to fight any effort to bring the poll tax measure up again this session. Senators Norris, Independent, Nebraska, and Pepper, Democrat, Florida, leading proponents of the bill, admitted it was dead for all practical purposes. Both disclaimed any intention of attempting to call it up after Monday's formalities. A sort of wake w ill be held to morrow, wnen senators wno nave not expressed themselves on the measure will have a chance to speak. Mexico Labor Is Sought For Copper Mines Worker Shortages Bring Lag In Production WASHINGTON, Nov. 20 (UP) The War Manpower Commission labor-management committee tonight recommended importation of up to 10,000 Mexican workers to boost lagging U. S. copper production. The committee, whose recommendations usually are followed by Paul V. McNutt, WMC chairman, estimated that at least 5,000 Mexican 'workers would be needed. Meanwhile. Fowler V. Harper, deputy WMC director, told reporters copper production is "substantially" below capacity because of labor shortages. He said the state department would be asked to make arrangements with the Mexican government for importation of surplus workers from Mexican nonferrous mines. More than 3,000 Mexican farm hands already have been imported. Somervell Testifies L,t. Gen. Brehon Somervell, chief of the army services of supply, and Robert P. Patterson, undersecretary of war, appeared before the committee to urge increased copper Droduetion. Earlier three top officials of the WMC were reported ready to re sign as interest heightened in the imminence of a general shakeup in administration of the federal man nower program. . President Roosevelt told his press conference he expected to act soon but he gave no indication of what impends. Somervell and Patterson reportedly told the labor-management group the army was unable to release more miner soldiers to work in the copper mines and that it hoped to return to active duty soon the 4,000 furloughed lor tnat pur pose a few weeks ago. "Freezing" Successful Harper said the WMC program to improve cooper production by freezing workers in the nonferrous industries in 12 western states had been partially successful in stabuiz ing labor supply conditions. However, he added, WMC's em ployment service had been unable to recruit needed new workers. The officials reportedly ready to resign include: Arthur J. Altmeyer, executive director, who wishes to devote his full time to. his job as chairman of the U. S. Social Security Board. John J. Corson, director of the employment service, who will re turn to his job as administrator of the bureau of old age and survrvors insurance. Raymond J. Rubicam, special assistant to McNutt in charge of information, who will return to his advertising agency in New York. State Included In Housing Fund WASHINGTON. Nov. 20 (AP) An allocation of $6,000,000 of federal funds has been made by the National Housing Agency to finance the construction of 2.000 dwelling units for nonferrous metal miners in seven western states. John B. Blandford. jr.. NHA administrator, announced tonight. Blandford said the War Production Board has granted a blanket priority for the project. States covered by the order are Arizona, Colorado. Idaho, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah and Routed On All Fronts Soviet Acclaims New Victories In Caucasus By EDDY GILMORE MOSCOW, Nov. 20 (AP) News of Russian counterattacks came from all sectors of the Eastern Front today, while in the Central Caucasus the German withdrawals from Ordzhonikidze struck a quickening pace. Battered Stalingrad resumed a place in dispatches, the Russians announcing they had captured a height south of the city. At the conclusion of an action in which 400 Germans were killed and machine guns and trench mortars captured, the Soviet forces entrenched themselves in new advanced positions. Within the city, the Germans attacked several times. The Russians reported all these assaults were repulsed and that Soviet posi tions were strengtnenea. Nazis Move Backward In the Caucasus, the general movement of the Germans was reported to be backward, some enemy units seeking safety in hills and dense forests. But they made occasional attacks. Southeast of Nal chik, the Eighth Russian Guard unit reported it repulsed four coun- terthrusts in actions in which the Russians destroyed nine and disabled two tanks. On a snowy battlefield south cf Leningrad, another 5.000 Germans were killed in three days of fight ing along the Volkhov river. The mounting pace of Russian operations prompted Izvestia to declare the invading armies would get no rest or chance to strengtnen during this winter. Hammer At Stalingrad German tanks and infantry kept hammering at ruined Stalingrad, knifing to the rear of two Red units, but a counterattack restored the situation, the noon communique said. About 800 Germans died in the blasts of mortar shells. Northwest of the Volga city, artil lery knocked out seven trucks and scouts slaughtered 1U0 panicked Rumanians. (For the second day. the German communique spoke almost exclusively of bitter defensive battles, suggesting that the Russians were seizing the initiative from one end of the front to the other. The Germans said they counterattacked in the Tuapse area near the Black sea and "threw the enemy back to his original positions." Repeated enemy attacks in the Central Caucasus were reported smashed by "the watchful defense of our troops." Violent fighting was reported on the Don, and several blocks of houses were reported taken in Stalingrad.) Muscovites rejoiced over the clear-cut Central Caucasus victory. relieving pressure on Grozny's oil and the Georgian military highway across the range. "The great significance of the blow inflicted on the German Fascist troops is that it serves as a sig nal wnicn win ne repeated on au-ferent sectors of the front." Izvestia said. "The blow in the Caucasus is one of tle first strong blows." Japan Loses 10,000 Men By WALTER B. CLAUSEN PEARL HARBOR. T. H.. Nov. 20 (AP) Perhaps 10,000 Japanese have been killed on Guadalcanal and the marines are optimistically talking about their next island objective, said the first American naval officer to return here since the major United States naval victory in that area November 14 and 15. He is Lt. DeWitt Peterkin, 29 years old, of New York City. Lieutenant Peterkin left Guadalcanal November 16. He was a ground officer for the famous carrier Torpedo Squadron Eight, which participated in the Midway battle. Ensign George Gay being the sole surviving member of the section that struck the Japanese carriers off Midwav in June. Sink IS Ships Peterkin got to Guadalcanal late in August. His squadron sank 13 Japanese ships and probably got a fourteenth. In the great naval victory last week-end, Peterkin's squadron joined with other navy, marine and army fliers in striking one element of Japan's showdown invasion force heading toward Guadalcanal on the afternoon of November 14. It sank four transports, set four more afire, and of five others fleeing westward, three were seen smoking. During this period. Adm. William F. Halsey, jr.'s naval forces fought one of the world's great naval battles, and crumpled the Japanese combat force. See Early Action Peterkin's squadron participated in snnnnrtinrr the landinC Of ma- lines August 7. and began operat ncr from fZnnHa lea nal itseil LSie Date Held Positive Move To Defer Plan Hit By Jeffers WASHINGTON, Nov. 20 (AP)William M. Jeffers, rubbrr administrator, served blunt notice today that rational rationing of gasoline will beome effective on December n'rspi'p an opposition campaign v.hirh'. hp asserted, is financed "by jenplp who should know better." "The gasoline rationing in the EPct saved rubber," he said in an pdrire at New York. "Nationwide pr.snlinp rationing which goes into efiert December 1 is only a means t; an end. "It will go into effect .regardless ri the organized opposition in the Wrsi. That opposition is based on thp theory that there is no shortage cf gasoline in the West." Postponement Sought A he spoke, a bloc of 75 house members was making a determined ff.'ort to postpone the rationing r.r.te. The group met last night and unanimous-ly voted to seek a 90-day postponement. Speaker Sam Ray-iurn disclosed that he was seeking :s r.riav until January 1, at least, led Johnson, Democratic representative, Oklahoma, chairman of the onrrssional group, said he hoped to confer with Jeffers soon. Jpffers departed from a prepared speech, before ihe Grocery Manufacturers of America, to state his determination that rationing sra! become effective December 1. as scheduled, and to denounce the western opposition. Chambers Aid Move Jeffers told reporters ihat the opposition came from chambers of commerce and other "well-meaning Civic agencies." His prepared speech touched upon the question of conserving tires - "The million tons of rubber on the tires now in service on automobiles of the United States may veil represent the margin of victory in this war." he said. The developing controversy brought, from Representative Bor- n. Democrat. Oklahoma, a statement that it. is ""unjust and unfair" to ration gasoline in regions where i: is plentiful. Many Oklahomans. 1 said, are refusing to register for rationing. To this the Office of Price Administration replied only that unless they registered they "ould he unable to buy gasoline or lues after December i. . Kasterners Blamed During the day. Gov. Sam Jones e? Louisiana sent, a telegram tc Ravhurn commending his position. There was, be said, "almost uni-.ersal'' opposition to gasoline rationing in his state. He held that ''no element of rubber conservation" was involyed and denounced vhat he called "the selfish, dog-in- the manger attitude of a few East- f ners who have been running the I'nited States too long." From Edith Nourse Rogers. Republican representative. Massachusetts, came a different critical e.v of the oil situation. She saiei ''tat the situation with regard to f-el oil rationing is "confused and intolerable" and that "no one f'ould have to endure unnecessary suffering and illness due to cold." Fuel O.ar Suggested "N'o gasoline should be used in single car at the sufferance of a r.g!e famiiy from undue cold or if )t will delay the winning of the ar on any of our fronts," she said f a telegram to President Roosevelt. She urged the appointment of a ;.:el czar." Meantime the strong, bipartisan rorigressional bloc seeking the eelay m gasoline rationing adonted a we re-from-Missnuri" attitude. but offered assurance that it would (Continued On Page 8. Col. 5) Tu rkey Prices Sharply ooar CHICAGO. Nov. 20 (AP) Live Turr:ey prices advanced two to 2l-i cents a pound todav as a result of pnsK pre-Thanksgiving Dav demand, stimulated bv an unusually low holiday movement from farm to market. This was the sharpest Thanks-g-wng period upturn in years, poultry men said. Young torn lurxeys were quoted two cents -'ner m tne wholesale market at 3f cents and young hens were ud cents at 35. Gains since Mon- s a fmounted to 4'i to 5li cents nd .lifted prices of live turkeys to Mnin one to 41? cents of the ceil-prevailing in this market. A Jpar ago live turkevs were quoted around 22 to 23', cents. Poultry men said the tardy mar- h ling of tUrkeVS le rill nrimorili; Ae!a0,or snortage, transportation 2-liculties and uncertainty of nrr- ana tilers regarding I'Z rpil3nK regulations which "ere promulgated less than two rat. a:?0- Tnf,y estimated the lv il"1 s turky population is slight- "From what has happened in fate that awaits us tomorrow if Roosevelt gets away with it. he said in his first speech since being invested with full political powers by Marshal Petain. "We would have to submit to a domination of Communists and Jews," he added. "Peace In Entente" "An entente with Germany-Is the only guarantee for peace in Europe,'' he continued, and again predicted a in azr victory. (Laval's speech was another strong indication that he was preparing to sign a peace with the axis and perhaps then draw up a treaty of alliance against the united nations.) He scoffed at Allied promises of returning the seized portions oi the French empire in the future, and recalled how the British took French Canada and parts oi the West Indies long ago. "On the other side of the world." Laval continued. "Japan, an old nation by its history and a young one bv its dynamism, nas just laxen from Britain and the united states immense territories, treasures ana raw materials. Empire Is "Seized "The Anglo-Saxons are seizing the (French) empire and seeking compensations for the losses they know are irreparable. (Japan's early seizure of French Indo-China opened the way for her quick conquest of the Philippines, and Dutch and British territories in the Far East.) "Frenchmen: understand that you must not allow yourselves to be deceived and abused by ioreign propaganda. The London and Boston radios have a single aim. Don't let your spirit be misled to serve interests that are not yours. (Laval apparently was refer-ing to the Frenci language broadcasts beamed to the continent by the British radio and a short wave station in Boston.) "I was always certain Germany would be the victor, but always was ready to remain on good terms with America. "I like liberty but I will never acceDt for my country a parlia mentary government as we had be fore. "Trance Not Lost" "France is not lost. The day will come when the banner of France will fly alone over Algiers." If the United States should win the war, he. said, "we would be dominated by Americans and Jews." "The Anglo-Saxons are seizing the empire and seeking compensa tions for the losses they know are irreparable. "I have known in my public life difficult moments when the fate of France was in peril. . "It is always in these hours that I arrive in power." Cites Past Moves Laval then told how he had worked for agreements with Ger many and Italy years Isefore the war, and remarked on "his present axis collaboration policy "It is to try to have the territory of our empire that we make this rjolicv. An entente with Ger many is the only guarantee for peace in Europe. "I have always wanted peace. I have wanted it with America." He called the French leaders who declared war on Germany in 1939 "madmen" and said of that war i "It was useless and all was lost in advance." V. S. Accused He accused the United States of "tearing away from us piece by piece" the French empire, and added: . "Without (his empire France can not live." . . Laval forecast a communistic Europe if Germany is defeated, and althougn ne preaiciea a. unmaji virtnrv he said he "had decided to make the same policy if the .tGer-: many, were ocaieu. Mass Work Strike At Poston Is Staged By 8,500 Japanese (Exclusive Republic Dispateh) PARKER. Nov. 21 (Saturday) Eight thousand, five hundred Japanese today began their fourth day of a general strike in the largest unit of the huge relocation center at Poston, 19 miles south of here. As authorities sought to unravel a perplexing Oriental mystery, it was learned here that all the residents of the unit have refused flatly to do any of the work assigned to them. It was the first mass defiance of authority encountered by War Relocation Authority officials since the start of the mass migration which has moved 160,000 Japanese from" their Pacific coast homes to inland relocation centerjr. So one has been able tn learn the specific cause for the strike, THE CLASSIFIED ADVERTISING DEPARTMENT Of The REPUBLIC and GAZETTE Will Close at 6 p. m. Today! Due to the greatly increased volume of business caused by the last minute rush of getting out the 1942 "Arizona In Wartime" Edition, no Classified Ads for Sundays' newspaper will be accepted after 6 o'clock today, Saturday, November 21. Last chance! Ciifl at 112 V. Cenhft Ave., Or PWne '!n August. Peterkin was on.i (Continued On Page 8, Col. 1).

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