Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on November 20, 1945 · Page 1
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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 1

Phoenix, Arizona
Issue Date:
Tuesday, November 20, 1945
Page 1
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REPUBLIC BULLDOG mm Former Arizona Memoir. MGoalSet At $1,250,000 Attorney General Dies In Car Crash 2 AM, I JEFTUBILIC state attorney general's office J OE CONWAY, who left the last January after serving Ik UJ SsfiK0&f9ma& eight years the longest tenure of any Arizona attorney general was killed instantly late . .J mi "jrr" i X CTATP'SUTh- --rJlJ NEWSPAPERj Tuesday, November 20, 1945 THE STATE TUC 56th Year, No. 186 20 Pages . Published every mornin at 112 N. Centra: Ave.. Entered at P. O. as second-class matter under Act ot Congress March 3. 1879. yesterday when his car overturned seven miles southeast of Apache Junction. It was the 221st fatality resulting from motor vehicle accidents in Arizona since January 1. Mr. Conway's car went off the highway down an eight-foot embankment and overturned while he was returning to Phoenix from Florence where he went yesterday morning National Health Proposed By Truman Trial At Nuernberg Gets Started Today By CLINTON B. CONGER NUERNBERG, Germany, Nov. 19 (UP) Twenty top-ranking German leaders face a four-powered Allied international military tribunal at 10 a. m. (2 a. m. Phoenix time) tomorrow in the greatest war crimes trial in modern ici iry a lawsim in l'lrmi v,ouniy . i i , .... superior court. Joseph Ward Conway was born December 3, 1898, in Salt Lake City. Utah, but grew up in Winkelman where he attended grammar school. After being graduated from high school he attended Arizona state College at Tempe from which he was graduated in 1918. While at Tempe he was editor of the school annual and manager of its newspaper, earned letters in basketball and baseball and served as president of the student body and pres ident or the A ciuo. Enters Armed Services After being graduated from Tempe he entered the armed services and on being discharged entered the University of Arizona to 1945 This Date 1914 221 189 study law, being graduated in 1924. While attending tho college at Tempe he worked in the mines and smelter at Miami and Hayden and while attending the university he was employed by the Tucson newspapers. Mr. Conway also worked for I he Miami Evening Bulletin in Miami and first entered the practice of law in that mining community in 1924. He came to Phoenix to open a law office in 1926 and has resided here since. He first was elected attorney general in 1936, taking office the first Monday in January. 1937. As attorney general Mr. Conway attracted wide attention during his first term by threatening to seize all of the properties of Phelps Dodge Corporation, the state's largest mining company, and thereby forced the company to pay-about $4,000,000 in property taxes that were tied up in a lawsuit during most of the depression years. Loses Senate Bid Mr. Conway retired from the attorney general's office last January, quitting it to run for U. S. senator against Carl Hayden. He was defeated for the senatorship. However, only last week he declared he again would be a candidate in next year's elections for the office of attorney general. He was a member of Luke-Greenway Post, American Legion, and of the Miami Elks Lodge. Surviving are his wife, Mrs. Gertrude Conway, and a daughter and son-in-law, Capt. and Mrs. J. O. Brugh of Phoenix. Court Denies Acquittal Plea MANILA, Nov. 20 (Tuesday) (AP) The U. S. military commission trying Lt. Gen. Tomoyuki Yamashita for his life as an accused war criminal today denied a defense motion to immediately return a "not guilty" verdict after the prosecution rested. The prosecution rested after presenting more than 200 witnesses and more than 400 exhibits and scores of documents, pictures and translations. Col. Harry Clarke, chief of defense counsel, charged that all of the 18 days of testimony by prosecution witnesses was "hearsay and reports and opinions of various agencies, with no incident of direct evidence that the accused permitted sucn atrocities. Yamashita is charged with responsibility for countless atrocities by reason of having failed to control the Japanese troops under his com Dates Set! For State! Appeal A N ARIZONA War Memo- r ri; rial Center, dedicated to the fighting men of World War II and representative of all sections of the state, "will be built in Phoenix as a result of p'ans outlined last night for an intensive campaign December 10 to 21 to raise $1,250,000 in public subscriptions for its construction. Four hundred men business, professional, civic and cultural leaders from Phoenix and neighboring communities at a dinner meeting in Hotel Westward Ho heard plans for the War Memorial Center outlined by Barry M. Gold water, local merchant and war veteran, who has accepted chairmanship of the funds-raising appeal. Site Is Available It will be constructed not in the distant future but as soon as the funds are raised and architectural plans agreed upon, the group was assured on the northeast corner of Central avenue and McDowell road on land deeded in 1939 to the cty of Phoenix by the Bartlett frmily through the interest of Mrs. D-vight B. Heard. It .will, according to tentative plans, include a library, art building. Little Theater, an outdoor mall to accommodate 4,000 people for a pageant or other celebration, a memorial "cololium" for inscription of names of those who lost their lives in World War II. and a "Hall cf Heroes" where names of all Ari-zonians who served in the armed forces will be inscribed. Executive Board Named Walter Bimson, Phoenix banker, and Frank Snell, local attorney, spoke glowingly of the plans for the Arizona War Memorial Center, emphasizing its need and that now is the opportune time to campaign for funds for its construction. Bimson added that Arizonians might buy war bonds and contribute those to the campaign, thereby helping not only in its construction but helping their country as well. Besides Bimson and Snell, the campaign executive committee will include Herb Askins, Frank Brophy, Ted Coe, Henry Coerver, Alfred Knight, Charles Korrick, Joe Melz-cer, O. D. Miller. E. W. Montgomery, E. L. O'Malley and Charles A. Sttuffer.. Chairman Goldwater appealed for 600 campaign workers 300 men and 300 women and hundreds of the men present pledged their cooperation. He announced that a similar meeting will be held next week for women leaders. Expansion Is Predicted In discussing responsibility of Phoenicians to their growing community, Goldwater pointed out that the entire state is in the process of tremendous growth and development: that by 1965 Phoenix is expected to have a 200.000 population within its city limits: Maricopa county a population of 450,-000. and that by 1960 the state may pass the 1.000.000 mark. Since the character of this expected growth will he determined by what citizens of the state, county and city do about it. we must plan 15 to 20 to 30 years ahead if we want orderl ygrowth, he declared. Railroads an dtravel agencies will advertise our scenic beauties, the chamber of commerce will seek industrial plants, doctors over America will advertise the state's healthy climate, and the state, county and city will provide highways, airports, water, sewers, schools and other necessary physical needs which increased population demands, Goldwater emphasized. "But it is un to us as citizens tot provide cultural advantages and; activities, he said. ' History Is Reviewed He reviewed history of the gift of the building site bv Florence B. and Frederick C. Baiiett. Eleanor P. Robertson and Mrs. Heard as a memorial to their father, Adol-phus C. Bartlett. and pointed out that administration of the property was vested In . Civic Center Management Board chairmanned by Snell and with Roy Wayland. Mrs. Howell Randolph. Stauffer and Melczer as members serving rotating terms of 10 years. In 1940. he said, the public library. Phoenix Fine rAts Association and Phoenix Little Theater were granted permission to construct buildings on the site and a Civic Center Association was formed consisting of representatives of the library board. Fine Arts Association, Little Theater and seven other organizations whose programs center in cultural pursuits. The association in 1941 began a funds campaign to finance buildings then planned, but postponed it at the outbreak of war. In the past four vears. Gold water said, the Civic Center Association has developed and refined its building plans, and on V J day it was proposed that the project be dedicated as a living war memorial to those who served an dthose who died in action. Mother, Son Die In Gun Tragedy BLUEFIELD, W. Va., Nov. 19 (AP) Donald Terry, 13 years old, accidentally shot and killed his mother, Mrs. Laura Terry, 48, at their home today and after discovering what had happened ended his own life, Perry Dye, sherifi, reported. Dye said the boy was ill In bed and had been playing with a shotgun owned by a brother in the army. His mother gave him a dose of medicine and had returned to the kitchen to sit down. The gun went off, with the charge passing through a door and striking Mrs. Terry in the back. The bodies were found by Edward Terry, the husband and father, v.ho had been working in a field near the home located about 10 miles north of here. Dye said. Attlee Boards Plane On Homeward Flight OTTAWA. Nov. 19 (AP) Prime Minister Attlee. after a week-end iiYvanana, boarded a uougiaosky-master at nearbv Rockcliffe A.U field at 5:15 p. m. today and took off Phoenix. Arizona Telephone 3-1111. Sinsle later in a second mass war crimes case. Francis Biddle, representing the United States, will be one of the four judges of the special international military tribunal formed to try this first case in which the su- RVS . t S Z ; brought to international American chief prosecutor is Robert H. Jackson, associate jus tice of the United States Supreme Court. The counts of the indictment, returned at Berlin October 18, are: 1. plotting to wage war; 2. waging war in violation of treaties and agreements; 3. committing war crimes in Germany and occupied countries, and 4. committing crimes against humanity. Prisoner Get Suits Jackson will prosecute the first count. Britain's brilliant young attorney general. Sir David Hartley Shawcross, will prosecute the second. Russia and France, the two nations of the Big Four which suffered most, will prosecute count three, and the United States and Russia will prosecute the fourth. Most of the prisoners will wear new dark gray conservatively cut civilian suits with pinstriped shirts and black or gray neckties. They were issued ' so that none of the defendants would look ill-treated. Those men like Goering who still have presentable uniforms will wear them, without medals or insignia. Grand Adm. Erich Raeder, former navy commander in chief, will wear civilian clothing with a red necktie which he specially demanded. Phoenix Bond Total Hiked To $528,000 Sales of Series E bonds in the Phoenix VictorvLoan drive jumped over the half million mark Monday with a total of $528,000 toward a $3,000,000 goal, Robert Goldwater, city war finance cnairman an nounced last night. Added interest -on the part of retail salespeople who are pro motine the sale of the $200 Roose velt bond, plus the co-operation of members of the Life underwriters Group and the Navy Mothers Club accounted xor me increase in series E sales while the Realtors of Phoenix accounted tr upwards of $1,000,000 of sales m all types of securities at their bond breakfast at Hotel Westward Ho Monday morning. Phoenix retail salespeople were given national recognition for their drive over a coast-to-coast broad cast. Mrs. M. D. Theodore, Monday's Mystery Shopper had a surprise in store trr Frank L. Ruiz, of the J. C. Penney Company when she stopped to buy a bond. Ruiz, for his sale of a bond and for wearing his salesman's badge at the time, received a $25 war bond for wear ing the badge, a pair of nylon hose for asking the shopper to buy and credit for a $2,000 E bond toward his merit award pin. Total sales in the state reached $7,750,000 with E bonds accounting for only $1,560,000. Every Child Should Own This Map to help him with his geography and history lessons. Shows Alaska, Aleutian islands and our other detached territories. Has tables giving the distance between the railroad centers in the United States; area and population figures of the U. S. A. by States, and population of the 200 largest cities and their rank. It is a big map, 21x28 inches in size, printed in five colors. Fifteen cents postpaid. Use This Coupon Arizona Republic Information Bureau, 316 Eye St., N. E., Washington 2, D. C. I enclose herewith FIFTEEN CENTS in coin (carefully wrapped in paper) for a copy of the MAP OF THE. UNITED STATES. Name Street or Rural Routs City State V (Mail to Washington, D. C.) copies 5c daily, loc Sunday. SI. 25 wr mo Act Insurance To Cover Sick Bills V ASHINGTON, Nov. 19 VV (AP) President Truman proposed to congress to day a compulsory "health in surance system for "all persons who work for a living." tie suggested that the premiums l'e calculated on the first $3,600 of a personV yearly earnings. An amount equal to four per cent of inese earnings would be needed to carry out the program, he said However, he left up to congress the question how much of this sum should come from premiums and how much from the treasury's gen eral revenues. mis is one oi live points in a health program the President out- ined in a message urging "caretui consideration x x x now." The others: 1. Federal financial aid to stales and localities for enlarging, modernizing and building new hospitals and other health facilities. 2. More generous grants to the states" for public health services and maternal and child care. Bills Are Introduced The sum of $20,000,000 vearlv now is authorized for such purposes. 3. federal grants to public and to non-profit private institutions to promote medical education and research. 4. Payment of benefits "to re place at least part of the earnings that are lost during the period of sickness and long-term disability." Mr. iruman suggested that the sick benefits could be provided through expansion of the present social security system. He said he would detail this plan in a separate message on social security. senator Robert Wagner. Demo crat, New York, with the cospon-sorship of Sen. James Murray, Democrat. Montana, immediately introduced a senate bill designed to carry out the program. The measure does not provide any particular method for financing the health insurance plan, however. Wagner said that "if the congress thinks that it is sound," a method ould be worked out jointly by senate and house committees. Average Is Taken At the other end of the capitol a measure embodying Mr. Truman's plan was offered by Rep. John Dingell, Democrat, Michigan. In suggesting $3,600 as the basis for the health insurance premium, Mr. Truman noted that the first $3,000 of yearly earnings is the basis on which social security premiums are calculated now. He proposed that social security also be figured on $3,600. The social security premium now is two per cent, oi which employer and employee each pays half. Mr. Truman based his discussion on a four per cent assessment for the health insurance on a showing thai the American people "have been spending, on the average, nearly this percentage of their income for sickness care." Socialization Is Denied "But four per cent is only an average" at the present time, the President's message said. "It is cold comfort in individual cases. Individual families pay their individual costs, and not average costs. They may be hit by sickness that calls for many times the average cost in extreme cases for more than their annual income." Twice in his message Mr. Truman emphasized that his insurant-plan is "not socialized medicine." Wagner made the same statement to the senate. Said the President: "Socialized medicine means that all doctors work as employees of government. The American people want no such system. No such system is here proposed. Benefits Are Cited "Under the plan I suggest, our people would continue to get medical and hospital services just as they do now on the basis of their own voluntary decisions and choices." Our doctors and hospitals would continue to deal with disease with the same professional freedom as now. There would, however be this all-important difference: Whether or not patients get the services they need would not depend on how much they can afford to pay at the time." Said Wagner: , "Patients are guaranteed free cnoice oi doctor, doctors are guaranteed the right to accept or reject patients, and hospitals are guaranteed freedom to manage their affairs." On the other hand, Sen. Robert Taft, Republican, Ohio, commented to reporters: "While the President argues that his plan is not socialized medicine, it is in fact impossible to impose a federal tax-supported compulsory health insurance plan without socializing the medical profession." Example Is Given The President's suggestion that the health insurance premium be calculated on $3,600 of a person's yearly income would mean that if the cost were four per cent and individuals paid it all, persons earning $3,600 or more would have a premium of $144. The premium for persons earning less than $3,600 would be four per cent of their actual income. Iran Musters Shock Troops TEHRAN, Iran, Nov. 19 1 (AP) Iranian troops were rushed tonight to Soviet garrisoned Azerbaijan prov ince, scene of armed out breaks, despite uncertainty as to whether the Russian? would permit them to enter the trouble zone where seven persons were re ported killed. On previous occasions Iranian forces dispatched to the north had been turned back, and the Iranians reported Soviet . force: have prohibited the eovernment Ifrom sending gendarme reinforce ments into the province. Parliament decided in a special session, however, to send two battalions to try to halt armed members of the Separatist Democratic Darty reported advancing down the 230-mile railway from Mianeh to Tehran. Iranian concern tonight was Increased by a government spokesman's assertion that rifles and machine guns were distributed to the Separatists from trucks bearing riussian army insignia. Tehran newspapers said editorially that the patriotism of Azerbaijan citizens was well known, and asserted the "rebels" were recent- by immigrated "strangers" wearing military boots and trousers, with civilian lackets and hats. (In Washington the newly ar rived Iranian ambassador, Hussein Ala, said the Azerbaijan uprising was engineered by "disreputable and discontented elements" who might have infiltrated into Iran from the Russian Caucasus. The Russian troops, Ala said, were continuing their occupation of Iranian territory "without any justification.") Iranians in Tehran said thev un derstood that the weapons used by tne insurgents were part of 100,000 rifles and machine guns handed over to the Russians when Red army troops entered Iran in 1941. New Java Uprising Is Feared By RALPH MORTON BATAVIA, Java, Nov. 19 Brit ish military officials today ex pressed fears that a new wave of fighting might break out in Central Java, where thousands of armed Indonesian Nationalists were massing as Indonesian radio sta lions called for "war on the Brit ish. An official British statement said the situation in Central Java "gives cause for anxiety in view of the extremely aggressive atti tude of local extremists both in Semarang and Jogjakarta." A short time earlier an Indo nesian broadcast, declaring "war' on the untish, asked Indonesian youths to reinforce the ranks of the Nationalists at Semarang, where a British brigade was clamping on a tight control after the slaying of inree tsrnisn oincers. Army Drills Openly Another Indonesian broadcast Saturday night declared: "1 his is the last night of peace. Tomorrow we shall start and either kill the British or drive them from Java." The broadcast came from the headquarters for the Nationalist movement at Jogjakarta, now swarming with armed youths. The Indonesian "army" is drilling openly in a number of near-by camDs, l he Indonesians themselves say a munitions plant in Jogjakarta al ready is supplying a steady out put of ammunition for their forces lighting in Soerabaja and else where. The Dutch news agency Aneta said that there were completely unconfirmed rumors that "an army of Indonesian extremists, at any moment now, will open a large scale otiensive on tiatavia. Tram Service Disrupted Aneta said that fighting broke out in the capital city again this morning in the Kramat and Par-pattan areas, and that trolley service was disrupted for the first time since the Allied landings Sep tember lo when Indonesians tip ped over a car and used it for a barricade. Semarang was reported seething with unrest as a result or untlsh measures taken after Saturdav night's attack which resulted in the death of three British officers and the wounding of a Dutch woman. British troops seized the tele phone exchange and placed the local native governor in custody The British announced later that they were "steadily clearing the disturbed area. In Soerabaja. where fighting con tinued into the 10th day, the Brit ish conrmed their activity largely to mopping up the areas already occupied and to artillery fire on areas where Indonesian guns were Deiievea to be located. Manila Damage Estimate Made MANILA. Nov. 19 (AP) War damage to public and private buildings in Manila alone was at least 222,853,263 pesos, $111,426,631.50), Dr. Horatio C. Lava, acting direc tor of the census, said in a prelim' inary report today. Lava estimated that private structures totally destroyed had a value of 133,411,622 pesos. Report! from 27 of the 67 government bu reaus showed dampe to govern ment structures at 65,741,802 pesos. Churches, convents, religious schools and hospitals destroyed were valued at 22,424,221 pesos The valuations. Lava said, were all on a prewar basis. At present inflationary cost of construction replacement of destroyed buildings in the Philippines capital would run' . JOE CONWAY Five Killed A.s Highway Toll Grows TRAFFIC accidents in Arizona claimed the lives of five persons early yesterday, and the state's. highway death toll leaped to 220. The dead: Henry Padilla, about 26 years old, Florence. Edmund Cruz, about 26, Florence. Tommy Bambrick, about 30, Flor ence. Miguel Teyechea. 56. 1271 South Central avenue. Mrs. Josie Leonard. 73. Berrv- ville. Ark. They were the 216th, 217th. 218th, 219th and 220th fatalities resulting from motor vehicle accidents in Arizona since January 1. Padilla, Cruz and Bambrick. all discharged servicemen, died in a col lision of two cars about 5xv miles southeast of Florence, on the Flor ence-Tucson highway, the highway patrol reported. Investigating officers said the autos. driven by Bambrick and Ernest Garcia, Florence, apparently were racing when Garcia's car struck a soft shoulder. Pvt. Eugene Benuehamp. stationed at the Florence Prisoner of War Camp, was injured critically and five others were injured less seriously in the accident, the patrol said. Beauchamp is in the camp hospital with a skull fracture and was reported near death. Teyechea was struck and killed at Central aveni'e and Tonto street bv an auto driven by Roy C. Wise, 1903 West Holly street. Police said Teyechea's death was the loth resulting from motor vehicle mishaps in the city this year. A coroner's jury in Harry E. West fall's precinct court yesterday afternoon ruled the accident "unavoidable." Mrs. Leonard was injured fatally 12 miles northwest of Seligman on U. S. Highway 66 when a car driven bv her son-in-law. Herbert Shiblev, Palmdale, Calif., and a car drive'n by James King. Kent, O., collided head on. Shihley received a broken right. Arm ftttri mtnnr itfc art4 KfiitAc in tne accident, the patrol said. Bandits Require Victims To Striv CHICAGO. Nov. 19 (INS) A men ana women patrons or a cocktail lounge today at the behest of two men garbed in overalls and brandishing sawed-off shotguns. The bandits robbed the bartender. Nathan Blumengartes, 43 years of age. of $100, the nine male patrons of approximately $1,000, and the women patrons of their jewelry. Then the men were herded in a beer storage room and ordered to remove their trousers, and the women into another storeroom where they were ordered to remove their dresses. The bandits piled furniture and beer cases against the doors of the storerooms, picked up an overcoat and 10 bottles of whisky, and escaped in an automobile driven by a confederate. General Patton Silent On Plans BAD NAUHEIM. Nov. 19 (AP) Gen. George S. Patton, jr., 15th. Army commander and currently chief of all U. S. occupation forces in Germany, declined today to say-yes or no to reports that he contemplated retiring soon. "I've had 41 years in the army and I like it." he said. "When and if I do retire, I'm going to hunt and fish and sail. I'll do my fox hunting in Virginia and my sailing off Solomons Island at the mouth of the Patuxent river in Maryland where my boat is now tied up." Schools To Get Holiday Recess CITY and county elementary, high school and junior college students will enjoy their second lonj; holiday in November this week-end. Armistice Day. falling on Sunday, save them Saturday, Sunday and Monday in a row; while the Thanksgiving "recess extends from tomorrow night until Monday. John H. Barry, county school superintendent, said that all schools arefihserving the holidays through-outvlaricopa county. All of the city schools have announced recesses for iThanksgiving Day and Friday. Roosevelt Forecast Revealed WASHINGTON, Nov. 19 ( AP) The late President Roosevelt was quoted today as saying 14 months before Pearl Harbor that the Japanese sooner or later would make a "mistake" and the United States would enter the war. Adm. James O. Richardson, spe cial assistant to the secretary of me navy, 1010 a senate-nouse com mittee investigating the Pearl Har bor disaster, that the late Presi dent made that remark to him over the luncheon table at the White House on October 8, 1940.. At the time, Richardson was commander in chief of the fleet. The admiral also informed the committee that he had strongly advised the late President to remove the fleet from Pearl Harbor and bring it to the West coast of the United States, but that the Presi dent took the position the pres ence of the fleet at the Hawaiian base served as a curb on the Jap anese. Conversation Recalled Following is a transcript of Rich ardson's testimony on the conversation with Presiden Roosevelt on October 8, 11940: "I took up the question of returning to the Pacific coast all of the fleet except the Hawaiian de tachment. The president stated that the fleet was retained in the Hawaiian area in order to exer cise a restraining influence on the actions of Japan. "I stated that in my opinion the presence of the fleet in Hawaii might influence a civilian political government, but that Japan had a military government which knew that the fleet was undermanned, unprepared for war and had no train of auxiliary ships without which it could not undertake ac tive operations, therefore the presence of the fleet in Hawaii could not exercise a restraining influence on Japanese action. . "I further stated we were more likely to make the Japanese feel that we meant business if a train were assembled, and the fleet returned to Pacific coast, the com plements filled, the ships docked, and fully supplied with ammuni tion, provisions, stores and fuel and then stripped for war opera tions. Roosevelt's Opinion Told "The President said in effect. 'despite what you believe I know that the presence of the fleet in the Hawaiian area, has had, and is now having, a restraining influence on the actions of Japan'." "I said. 'Mr. President. I still do not believe it and I know that our fleet is disadvantageously disposed for preparing for or initiating war operations.' "Thep resident said, 'I can be convinced of the desirability of returning the battleships to the West coast if I can be given a good statement which will convince the American people and the Japanese government that in bringing the battleships to the west coast we are not stepping backwards.' "Later I asked the president if we were going to enter the war. He replied that if the Japanese attacked Thailand, or the Kra peninsula, or the Dutch East Indies we would not enter the war. that if they even attacked the Philippines he doubted whether we would enter the war, but that they could not always avoid making mlsakes and that as the war con tinued and the area of operations expanded sooner or later they would make a mistake and we would enter the war." Correspondence Introduced Entered in evidence when Richardson took the stand was an exchange of correspondence beUveen him and Adm. Harold R. Stark, then chief of naval operations, during 1940. Their general tenor was that Richardson did not like keeping the fleet based at Pearl Harbor. It had gone there in April during annual maneuvers with tne expectation of returning to the Pacific coast early in May. Instead it was ordered to remain there. When Richardson asked an explanation, he was informed by Stark that the purpose was to exercise anese action. William D. Mitchell, committee counsel, asked Richardson about the White House visit after the admiral had given some preliminary testimony about his objections to keeping the iieet at Pearl Harbor. Richardson pulled out a written account, explaining that he had prepared it in the quiet" of his home because of the matter's im portance. Richardson was on the stand less than an hour and had not gotten well into his story when the committee recessed until to morrow. Disagreement Reported He is reported to have had a disagreement with the president also over proposed transfer of some warships from the Pacific to the Atlantic to aid in getting shipments to Britain. Such a transfer was made after Richardson was relieve February 1, 1941, as fleet T 3 1 1 commander. He was succeeded by Adm. Husband E. Kimmell. who history All doubt that the trial would start on time seemed ended when the Russian government sent permission for its assistant prosecutor. Col. Yurie V. Pokrowsky, to act in place of chief prosecutor oen. Ko- man A. Kudenko, wno is ill in Moscow. The list of men who will face the court was reduced by oni to day when it was announced that SS - Gestapo slaughterer Ernest Kaltenbrunner suffered a cranial hemorrhage last night and was critically ill. One defendant, Martin Bormann, Nazi party chief, is believed dead and will be tried in his absence. French Are Irate Charges against Gustav Krupp von Bohlen uld Hallbach, 75 years old, senile, semi-paralyzed head of the gigantic Krupp munitions industry, have been deferred. The 24th detenoant on me orig inal indictment list, Robert Ley, labor front leader, committed suicide in his cell. The French, who yesterday threatened to walk out of the trial. still were angry because the court refused to substitute Aimed rvrupp for his father, Gustav, so that a representative of the German munitions industry would be in the box with the leaders. United States, Brit ish and French prosecutors agreed to designate Alfried Krupp as a major war criminal, however, and the British and French started to examine cases of other big German indus trialists. It is honed that Alfried and other leaders of his type may be tried Arrest Set For 11 Jap 'Big Shots' TOKYO. Nov. 19 (AP) Eleven one-time civilian and military "Big Shots," ranging from the man who took Japan into the Axis to the author of the Mukden incident. were ordered arrested today as possible war criminals, and 57 other lesser figures were clapped into jail by American occupation authorities. While Gen. Douglas MacArthur's orders did not specifically list the 11 as war criminals, the records of all linked them prominently with the war and prewar periods of Japanese aggressions. One of those wanted was Yosuke Matsuoka, former foreign minister who made the Japanese-Russian non-aggression pact and who was instrumental in forming the Ger-man-I t a 1 i a n-Japanese tripartite pact. Toshio Shiraton, former am bassador to Rome who helped engi neer the tripartite pact, also was listed. Others included Gen. Baron Shigeru Honjo. regarded as responsible for the Muk den incident of 1931 that led to the Japanese conquest of Manchuria: Panay Incident Revived Gen. Iwane Matsul, blamed for the sack of Nanking and the sink' ing of the U. S. gunboat Panay; Gen. Kuniaki Koiso. who suc ceeded Hideki Tojo as wartime premier in 1944: Gen. Jiro Minami, former war minister and supporter of who only today said in an interview that he still thought losing the war was a mistake but starting it was not; Gen. Baron Sadao Araki, militant former education minister who was described by MacArthur as "an im portant influence behind Tojo;" Gen. Jinzaburo Mazaki, close col laborator with Araki and Koiso; Fusanosuke Kuhara, millionaire industrialist, reputed member of the Black Dragon secret society, and recently mentioned as a pos sible new political leader; and Society Leaders Named Yoshihisa Kuzuu and Kazunobu Kanokogi, both leaders in the Black Dragon society. The most prominent civilians on the last were Matsuoko and Shira-tori. Matsuoka's pact with Russia in April, 1941, cleared Japan's flank temporarily, an achievement which the Germans have said he conclud ed by tipping the Russians on Ger manv's plan to attack Russia. Shiratori has been openly ac cused within Japan as being more militaristic than the militarists and with being the military mouthpiece in Europe. The 57 "small fry" placed under arrest were largely minor military officials among 300 recently named as mistreating prisoners of war. Fifteen Are Killed In Leyte Air Crash BRISBANE, Nov. 19 (AP) Fifteen persons, believed to be 12 Americans and three Australians, were killed Tuesday when an Australian National Airways plane crashed into an airstrip At Leyte, irt the Philippines. An American lieutenant was the mand in the Philippines. TheiKin? rorvt,i tnffm inriii,.! prosecution asserted that Yamashita iinternafin juries, three other per-o.-dered these atrocities, rapmgs, jSOns received less serious injuries ,v.. .,u ,,m,S5. Japanese colonel admitted bluntly that he had urged offk-ers "to kill American troops cruelly x x x not with one stroke." His testimony came shortly after the court heard, through sworn statements of survivors, how 150;mass strip-tease was staged bv 15 captured American soldiers were herded into air raid shelters. Wrenched with gasoline and set afire. The statements told how the Americans, captured in the Philippines fighting, were working on the airfield on Palawan island, .southwest of Luzon, shortly before Christmas last year. Their Japanese guards ordered them, into the shelters. When these were packed with prisoners, the guards doused them with gasoline, touched a match to them and then shot and bayoneted those who attempted to escape. Only nine managed to get away into the jungles, where they were saved by guerrillas. A captured Japanese diary from the airfield quoted a soldier guard stationed there as saying it was feared American troops were about to land on Palawan and it was necessary to kill the prisoners. Later the prosecution put Masa-toshi Fujishige, pugnacious colonel, on the stand and drew from him the admission that he had urged his men to "kill Americans cruelly." Policeman Gets Jail Sentence BALTIMORE. Nov. 19 (INS) Paul H. Maenhoudt. 42 years old. former Baltimore policeman who walked a beat by day and burglarized it by night, was sentenced to 21 years in jail today after E leading guilty to 60 counts of urglary. Loot valued at $40,000, ranging from watches to rugs, was displayed as Maenhoudt admitted his guilt Millionth Returnee From Pacific Due HONOLULU. Nov. 19 (AP) The 1,000,000th American serviceman to be returned from the Pacific since V J Day is somewhere at sea today aboard the U. S. S. Braxton, w hich is due in San Pedro. Calif., Thursday. The ship is carrying 1,777 passengers from Okinftwa, any one of whom can lay claim to the millionth honor. for Britain. well over l,752,963,7fi7 pesos. (Continued On Page 4, Col. u none survivor.

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