The Courier News from ,  on April 2, 1966 · Page 1
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The Courier News from , · Page 1

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Saturday, April 2, 1966
Page 1
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14 LE COURIER NEWS A msw) SATURDAY, APRIL 2, i96« TIN CENTS 12 PAGE! Bennett's Attack Blocked 'Monkey Trial' Cut Short by Chancellor By BILL SIMMONS , LITTLE ROCK, Ark. (AP) Chancellor Murray Reed weighed evidence today for his remaininfl to Bennett declaratory judgment in the century's second trial." Both sides said they would appeal, first to the State Supreme Court and then the U.S. Supreme Court, if necessary. Reed gave opposing sides 40 days in which to file additional information and replies to briefs. There was no indication when he will announce his ruling The issue is whether Arkansas' anti-evolution law is constitutional. It was adopted in a statewide election in 1928 and is one of three anti-evolution laws tin nation. The Tennessee and Mississippi. Atty. Gen. Bruce Bennett's Protestants May Merge WASHINGTON (AP) - Leaders of seven Protestant churches with a total of 25 million members have outlined plans to merge. But,one bishop estimated complete unification may take at least SO years. The churches have been working on the plan for four years, it was disclosed Friday. Representatives of denominations will meet in Dallas, Tex., May 2-5 to continue discussions. The denominations are the Protestant Episcopal Church, the United Presbyterian Church, the Methodist Church, the International Convention of Christian Churches (Disciples of Christ), Evangelical United Brethren Church, the United Church of Christ, and the African Methodist Episcopal Church. The long-range nature of the proposal was emphasized at a news conference here Friday by Episcopal Bishop Robert F. Gibson Jr. of Richmond, Va., chairman of the Consultation oh Church Union, a special com- State Tax Expert Here A state Income tax auditor will be in the office of the State Revenue inspector here Monday. He is Richard Conder and taxpayers with questions regarding state income taxes are advised to call him at PO 2-2321. Conder will be in the City Hall offices of the Revenue Department for several days. mission appointed to draft a unification plan. He was joined by the Rev. Dr. Eugene Carson Blake of Philadelphia, a Presbyterian and general secretary- elect of the World Council of Churches. They unveiled a 105-page document relating to and dealing with unification such theological subjects as sacraments and baptism. It will be discussed further at the Dallas meeting, the fifth such consultation on possible unity of the denominations. "This is not a plan of union," Bishop Gibson said. "This has not been agreed upon by anybody. This is an outline of possible union." He stressed that the proposal will be subject to continual discussion and revision and estimated it may take as long as 50 years to accomplish full unification. The outlined proposal on church structure lists these six steps toward unification: 1. Consultation — already in progress. 2. Acceptance of the outline of a unity plan — which may or may not be achieved at the Dallas meeting. 3. Adoption of a plan of union. 4. Actual unification of members and clergy, with each denomination retaining a degree of sovereignty but surrendering some autonomy. 5. Writing and adoption of a constitution. 6. Achievement of the goal of united Christianity, the step beyond unification of denominations. . plans to defend the law by at"monkey tacking the validity of the evolo- i lion theory were blocked. Eugene Warren, attorney for the plaintiffs, objected almost 100 times during the 2H hour trial to efforts by Bennett to introduce opinions about the validity of Charles Darwin's evolution theory and whether the anti-evolution law was reasonable. ••:..-• \ ....... "Are you .going to stand there and object to everything?" Bennett asked at one,point.,; ... "I am as long as you keep asking improper questions," Warren said. , ... •*..-*' '* ..' '. •' Warren contended that what anyone believed or didn't believe about the evolution theory or the anti-evolution law had nothing to do with whether the law was constitutional. The plaintiff, Susan Epperson, 24, biology teacher at Little Rock Central High School testified the Little Rock School Board had approved the textbook teachers selected, and that the textbook included a chapter dealing with the evolution theory, She said she had not taught what was in the 7 chapter,' bul intended to because the board had authorized the text and "I feel a duty to doit." Mrs. Epperson's suit contends the law is unconstitutional because it infringes on freedom of speech, enters the sphere of religion, is a vague, indefinite, arbitrary and capricious statute, removes the right of school administrators to say what is to be taught in schools they elected to supervise and would force the state to provide equal protection under law for all school children if the evolution theory is dangerous. Bennett argued that the only issue was whether the state, as an employer, could tell Mrs. Epperson, as an employe, what she could teach while on duty in the public schools. Boys May Enter Youth Contact Blytheville Jaycettes, sponsors of the Little Miss Blytheville contest, have announced that the event includes selection of a Little Mr. Blytheville, Mrs. Bob White, project chairman, said today. • Boys between the ages of 3 and 6 are eligible to enter. Mrs. White said. Entries must be in by April 30. Pageant dates are May 12-16. Parents wishing to enter their children should call Mrs: White at PO 34378 or Mrs. Ernest Allen at PO 3-0970. Nguyen Cao Kjr Strike In Brief BULLETIN BIRMINGHAM, Ala. (AP) -Federal Judge H. H. Grooms ordered three railroad onion officials jailed today for violating a temporary restraining order which forbade a strike against Seaboard Air Line Co. He also ordered the striking Railroad Firemen's Union , today to show came why it should not be held In contempt of court and fined f506,0«0 for every day it continues its walkout on eight of the nation's major : railroads. WASHINGTON— H. E. Gilbert, president of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and- Engineers, says he will terminate the strike oh three conditions: that no damage suite be instituted against the union and that contempt-of- court actions not be pressed on charges of violating back- to-work injunctions. CHICAGO — J. E. Wolfe, chief negotiator for the carriers, says there will be no reprisal against striking em- ployes is the strike is immediately terminated. But he says it is up to individual railroads to decide whether damage suits will be instituted. DETROIT — Automotive industry hard hit by railroad strike. More than 100,000 workers laid off or on short shifts. Big Three car makers close or plan to close more than, a dozen plants. WEST COAST - Lumber mills, gram handlers, chemical firms and aluminum industry in Oregon and Washington feeling pinch of strike on Union Pacific. UP says 25,000 of its workers idle because of strike and railroad is losing $1 million a day- in revenue. In Hue and Da Nang THOUSANDS CLAMOR FOR CIVIL RULE IDAHO —. Potato industry leaders wire Idaho senators in Washington that lack of rail transportation threatens about $20 million worth of potatoes. NllllliltlllllllllllllllHlilKIMItMlillllilllllllilllllllllllMlini By PETER ARNETT . SAIGON (AP) - Three thousand demonstrators carrying sticks and steel spikes moved toward the center sf Saigon tonight shouting "Americans go home" and kicking arid punching western photographers. Riot troops and police were reported deployed to stop them. The demonstrators started milling around Buddhist headquarters about 9:30 p.m., then moved off down the road. The banner-waving demonstrators began slowly moving from the Buddhist Institute. The demonstration appeared to be stage-managed by a militant student group that organized a similar demonstration Thursday. The Saigon march developed a few hours after some 10,000 demonstrators, including 2,000 uniformed soldiers, paraded through the streets of Da Nang with signs criticizing both Premier Nguyen Cao Ky's military regime and the United States Smaller daylight demonstrations were held here and in Hue. A group of Boy Scouts at Da Nang carried a sign reading: Down with the American's attempt of objecting to the forming of a Vietnamese National Assembly." Other marchers included Buddhist monks and nuns and about 2,000 South Vietnamese soldiers, sailors and officers up to the rank of major. In Saigon, medical students held a clamorous antigovern ment meeting where speakers criticized the conduct of American soldiers in the city. In the old imperial capital of Hue, SO miles north of Da Nang, 3,000 persons demonstrated for a return to civilian government through national elections. The demonstrations were similar to others held recently throughou the country. All the demonstrations have been openly hostile to the central government headed by Premier Nguyen Cao Ky, and the anti- American overtones have become increasingly louder. Thousands have taken part in the marches, but observers here and elsewhere have come up with no estimate as yet of the general support of the street rallies. Many observers, however, agree that the demonstrations are directed from a central source, that they have been well planned and are as well organ- zed as any that have ver taken place in Viet Nam. There is a feeling, especially in. the official U.S. community, hat the chances of survival for :he present military government may depend on whether the current protests remain scattered and relatively isolated. The demonstrations have caused concern among American officials both in Viet Nam and Washington. U.S. Consul Samuel B. Thornsen warned Americans in Da Nang to avoid crowds and stay off the streets as much as possible. "Manifestations and other civil disturbances have taken on an anti-American tone," he said. "This situation provides the opportunity for Communists or other dissident forces to attempt to act against Americans. Individuals or groups may seek to involve Americans hi incidents." In Washington, a House subcommittee indefinitely post- poned plans to visit Viet Nam at the request of the State Department. The House Government Operations subconimitteed had planned to start today for Viet Nam to investigate.the U.S. air; programs. Subcommittee chairman Rep. John E. Moss, D-Calif., said the trip would be rescheduled "as soon as the current situation clears up." ON SCHEDULE — Construction at th« Cotton Boll Vocational-Technical School at Burdette has been moving ahead rapidly dur- ing the past month. The school is scheduled to open this fall. (Courier News Photo) Soviets Resurrect Stalinism By WILLIAM L. RYAN AP Special Correspondent The Soviet Communist party's leadership has had a week of its 23rd congress •— the first congress without the noisy presence of NiUta S. Khrushchev - In which to project its image before the Soviet public. It has offered little for the average Soviet citizen to cheer about The leaden have denied Stalin again and voiced then- aversion to Stalinism. But they have retreated into some aspects of Stalinism, evidently out of apprehension over the future of the entrenched top-level bureaucracy. Basically, what .eems to have happened is that the relaxations of the post-SUlta era had gone too far for the leaders' own comfort. Criticism of the Stalin era implied criticism of the party itself. Now, in some rescccts, ih« laadicj atca to be toUoi ue» returning to some aspects of the past. They seem to want to dean up that picture of the Stalin era, the butt of so much outspoken criticism in the past 10 years, and to upgrade the party's history. The object appears to be to halt an erosion of party authority engendered by cynicism among young people and intellectuals. The leaders have revived the terms Politburo and general secretary, both indelibly stamped with the Stalin en. There appean to be almost a desperation in this, to make clear that the Communist party of the Soviet Union remains the Bolshevik party of Lenin's and Stalin's day. The first party secretary, Leonid I* Brezhnev, • vvno pw- sumably now win become gen- enl secretary and chairman of a Politburo rather than a party PresMujin! Pieuiwf AMMO N* Kosyghi, President Nikalai Pod- and others at the top all are linked with the Stalin era. When they return to its terms and tools, they evoke memories of a dictator who, as general secretary, ruled hi sparry, Politburo and nation with a hand of steel. The term Politburo has not been used since the 19th congress in 1952, just before Stalin died, when the political bureau of the party was transformed into a ;Presidluifi.. • . * * •* • Soviet Intellectuals now can begin worry ing. about sterner discipline and more rigM control of what they can say and do. The restoration of the old terms baa bridged a 14-year gap, overleaping the whole Khrushchev era and its prouiise of liberalisation, and reestablishing a Uric to the Stalin period. •.;•.• ' ? ;::- '••••• :•;;;;• Obvtousry, tome in me party marten as they have been re- afficill ON* tsan are 11,673,676 Communist party members and 797,403 candidate members, which means that one in every IS Soviet men, women and children is a member of the party/That is more than five million above the number in 1956 at the time of the 20th - de-Stalmization — congress. * * * Membership in the parry once was difficult to achieve. It was considered the only reliable stepping stone to a successful career. Khrushchev, as a consummate politician, increased party ranks to buttress his power Those who sought membership purely for reasons of personal advancement - basically the cynical unbelievers swelled party ranks and diluted party authority. ; Today, party meiiiberslilp is no longer necessary for a ^ successful career. Indeed, many do wefl ontskM me ranks. The goal of party eMouely tar cheapened, as Communists view it. Brezhnev may have had all this in mind when he told the congress that party membership henceforth would be more difficult to achieve. Young people wanting to get into the party will do so only after careful screening. Gradually the party may be scaled down to a membership which is more manageable. • » f : • » But the leaden are far from finished with their problems. Demand from below for a more liberalized system and a better share of Soviet wealth probably is more insistent new man ever. Ideological ideas have pushed to from the West. If it takes a form of Stalinism to mute the tanpUed criticism of party leadership, the machinery the the light of what congress IMS produced' to Delay Is Sought On ASC Closinq Bob Lee Smith, chairman o the Chamber of Commerce Agriculture Committee, today asked the county Agriculture Stablization and Conservation office to hold off for 60 days oh plans for closing Blyiheville's ASC sub - office. "A great many fanners in the Blytheville area have expressed opposition arid concern over the proposed closing," Smith said. 'All we ask is an extension of he closing deadline so that the ASC Committee's reasons can be studied and re • evaluated." Smith noted that a majority of the county's farmers live in the area served by the Blytheville sub - office; The Chamber's board of directors and its Retail Merchants division have gone on record opposing the closing of the sub- office here and have been in touch with county, state, and federal officials in an attempt to forestall the committee's action. Yesterday was the original target date for closing, but a week's extension has apparently already been granted, pending completion of seasonal farm contracts. Officials, in announcing plans several weeks ago to close the Blytheville office, claimed that the sub - office system was "a artifact of the horse-and-buggy era." Counselor's Visits James L. Beard, counselor for the Arkansas Rehabilitation Service in Mississippi County, has announced the following schedule of visits in the county during April: Luxora: April 4, 8, and 25 from 1:39 to 3:30 p.m. at city Hall; Manila: April 7, 21, and 28 from » to 11:30 a.m. at City Hall; Leachville: April 7 from 1 to :M p.m. at the high school, an April 21 and 28, from 1 to 3:30 MB, at city bail, Pointing out that only three such offices remain in the nation, two of them in Arkansas, these officials maintain the system is too expensive to operate and unnecessary because of a general decrease in farm population. If the Blytheville sub-offica is closed, its functions will be assumed by the main ASC office at Osceola. Spies Will Get Freedom WASHINGTON (AP) Biochemist Harry Gold and onetime Foreign Service officer Irvin C. Scarbeck, sentenced to long prison.terms for passing U.S. secrets to Communist countries, have been ordered freed on parole next month. The Federal Board of Parole Friday granted them freedom his arrest, cooperated FBI in investigating Fuchs',-David Grceriglass and Julius and Ethel Rosenberg. He testified at the trial of the Rosenbergs, who were executed in the electric chair for their role in peddling U.S. atomic secrets to the Russians. Scarbeck was convicted Oct. • Scarbeck on May 2, Gold on 127, 1961, after a widely publt* May 18 -from the Federaljcized trial in which his Polish Penitentiary at Lewisburg, Pa. i mistress testified. Both were convicted after sen-1 A married man with three satidnal national security trials, children by his second wife, Gold, 55, a native of Switzer- and, received a 30-year sentence Dec. 9,1950, after be had >een convicted of conspiring with Klaus Fuchs and others to deliver U.S. defense secrets to the Soviet Uunion from 1943 to 1947. He has served 15 years and will remain under parole supervision until July 1980. Scarbeck, 45, a Brooklyn, N.Y., native, is serving three concurrent 10-year terms for providing classified documents o the Polish security police while he was serving as second secretary of the U.S. Embassy n Warsaw. He has been in prison for 4tt years and will remain under parole supervision until 'ebruary IMS. The paokiboari ttHJba two HM flOOd pnMn' MCOWi MB had been helpful to prison programs. , toWpteadedluiUy and. attar Scarbeck said he had submitted to demands by Red agents for the classified documents • to spare his family and protect'his Polish mistress. Testimony developed that Polish authorities had threatened to imprison her. The woman, Urszuia Maria Discher, was brought here from Poland to testify at the trial. Afterwards she returned to Poland. ..'.;:,..; Scarbeck was originally sentenced to 30 yean in prison; ^ Clear to partly cloudy thro- nfh Sunday-Wanner today and windy Sunday. Hi|h today II to n. Low tad** « to a High Sunday «to 71 '.. ., m

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