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THE HELENA DAILY INDEPENDENT FKIPAY MORNING, OCTOBER9.m. Each the World li Bora Anew Ice who Ukt. WILL A. CAMPBELL, Editor. indited In thto papv tlto UM thtrela.
RAT; Itallr cad by eutin or ly IB Sunday. on. month. or nau. In In Independent, by mall only.
year Dcily Independent, by only, on OI will center a. favor by the telephone Ml to deliver proapur- FRIDAY, OCTOBER 9, 1925. WHAT SENTIMENTALISE DID. A few days ago, The Independent called at' tention to the movement on foot in Nebraska to abolish capital punishment, and suggested that it might be well for the residents to contemplate the failure to impose the penalty in 'the case of a convict who, in attempting to escape from the penitentiary, killed a guard and was himself killed by another guard he wounded. same kind of Nebraska people who object to capital punishment made it possible for this self same slayer who murdered two PSPple years ago, to add two more to his string aird commit other crimes, because they demanded life sentence for him and then insisted' on his being released because he "never had a chance." "it was apparent years ago that this notorious convict, Fred Brown, would go on making trouble as long as he lived.
Brown developed criminal tendencies early in life, and at the age of 16 was guilty, as stated, of an atrocious double murder. pthere were no extenuating circumstances, aside from his youth, and much subsequent crime would have been avoided if society had put him out of circulation. He was tried, found guilty, and due to-the clamor of the sentimental, he was sentenced to life imprisonment. Of course, no concern was felt for the surviving relatives of the murdered couple. Soon after Brown went to the pen, the sob squad got busy.
Individuals and organizations, which pass resolutions with the aid of a lead pencil and a telegraph blank, representing themselves as "mass meetings," as they do in putting over dry propaganda, pleaded for leniency on the ground that Brown never had a chance in life. He served six years before the bombardment brought a parole. Immediately he reverted to a life of crime. He kidnaped a couple of young women, kept them chains and subjected them to mistreatment. Probably he would have killed them eventually, but for the fact that they were found and liberated before he was ready to cany out the finishing The young women victims were able to furnish information which led to the man's arrest as the one who kidnaped them.
While he was being tried on that count he was identified as the bandit who had ruthlessly shot down a young business man of Omaha, without the slightest provocation. The identification was made by a young woman who was in the company of the business man when he was killed. Following that murder, Brown kept the young woman prisoner for several hours and subjected her to numerous indignities. You would think probably, this would have been enough to sicken even a member of the "sob squad," and a booster for abolition of capital punishment. But it wasn't.
Again the cry was raised to save the young murderer, and so he was sentenced to life imprisonment once more. That was only a few years ago. The sequel was about what might have been expected. While trying to escape, he killed a guard and wounded another, and the latter finally managed to wipe the human tiger off the map. It's a wonder that the sob squad doesn't clamor to have the wounded guard sent to the penitentiary for life.
If the dangerous habitual criminal actually is to be kept in confinement for the rest of his days, the lease of life means nothing to him or to society in general. If there is a possibility that he may be turned loose as possibly cured of criminality, the outlook is even worse. the dominant party in Italy, listen to what Mussolini said the other day: What docs the opposition amount to? Wlut do we care whether they continue their boycott or return to parliament? What do we care for their impotent resolutions, their slanderous fals- hoods, their hatca? Do they really believe they can halt our impetuous advance with their a ous paper barricades? They never will succeed. It is time, all those, who, like the sinners described by Dante, walk with their heads turned backwards, should become convinced there is nothing they can do, because what's over never will return. They had better accept the accomplished fact of our revolution lest they finally be obliged to accept it against their will.
This high-handed talk comes from a leader who, while pretending to have representative government, will not tolerate dissenters in any form. Doubtless, the limit will be reached eventually by Mussolini, for he is bound to overreach himself sooner or later. He has hung on so far by making two or three popular reforms while putting over some laws which are vicious in the extreme. He has had, up to recently, very little active opposition. And the Old Gentleman Wonders Why We Have Crime.
By Morris PoavOrnce, We suppose now, that some of the stand-patters will want to change the constitution to fix the minimum age limit for U. S. senators at 60 years. QUITTING "SfECIAL WEEKS" Observance of special "weeks" and special "days" and presentation of "special" programs for various events, have been eliminated from the schools of Butte, after a meeting of the superintendent of schools and the principals, with the city board of education concurring. It is well.
The teachers find that the school work is interferred with by zealous persons who desire to celebrate "weeks" or "days" which well-meaning organizations sponsor, Some of them may be worthy, but the teachers believe those who desire to make a speech should hire a hall and not seek ready-made audiences like school children, helpless in getting away. Other cities throughout the country are adopting the idea of quitting the special week habit, which has grown to be a nuisance. The movement should spread to other towns in Montana. Which is why the suggestion of a college president in Colorado to establish a "Mind Your Own Business Week," or "Let us alone week" has become exceedingly popular. In time, the incessant supervision and bossing will be held down to something within reason.
One way France could pay off its war debt to the United States is to corner the raw material for chewing gum, the same as the British have cornered rubber. A California a has announced himself as a candidate on an evolution ticket, fully as good an issue as the non-partisan league put up. That big wild life reserve the sportsmen are creating down on the Mississippi, probably will be regarded as a rival of Hollywood. W2i.it do you suppose would happen if an outside nation toolc a notion to attack UB while we were chasing a bootlegger? Its been rather unsafe to cuss in a Helena barber shop for the past twp or three years, since the girls bob in. An exchange says that an onion breath makes a good chapcronc.
Best Editorial of the Day (From Chicago Tribune) Along with the man who gets himself protoRraphcd with a set of whiskers six feet long and the girl in the bathjng suit, list the person who sends the president a turkey or another dog. RUNNING IN HIGH GEAR. Considerinp; how some of the administration regulars in Washington have expressed themselves as determined to punish any member of the party who will not submit to dictation, th'ey must regard with envy the way Mussolini and his fascista run affairs over in Italy. "Muss" and his pals have the situation veil enough in hand to make them the most power- ful regulars in the world, much the same as the soviet heads have affairs cinched in Russia. secretary of the fascista party announced a day or two ago that his organization proposed to finish the "revolution" by passing certain laws and "this phase will be perfectly peaceful if we are not disturbed, but will be pushed through by force if anyone dares to in oar vray." If there in any doubt as to the arrogance of EDITORIALS By OUR READERS WHOSE FAULT IS IT? Editor Independent: For the third time within the past weeks, the streets and cross- Jugs in Helena have been ankle deep with snow and slush.
There is little nccntivc (or the fellow with enough civic pride and sense of rcsponsibili- to get lip before breakfast and shovel off the walks in front of his when he knows that the fel- ow next door will do no such thing, and that lie, the guy with the civic pride, will have to slop along to work thrqngh this mess in front of uorc than half the places on the street. An ordinance, you say? There may be one on the books at the city lall, and I believe there is, for once read in the paper that the city authorities would prosecute anyone who failed to promptly clean the snow off their walks, but the city's reputation a prosecuting tribunal can hardly be established on the results that it obtained along these lines. The writer could point out and name a lot of citizens who habitually allow the walks to take care of themselves, yet, why should they worry, as long as nobody who has a say about it takes any interest or even knows when it snows in Helena. It might be that a city election every six weeks during the winter months would arouse somebody, we don't care who, from their slumbers and see to it that these birds get out and get under when the time comes. Yours truly, WADE THRUETT.
Helena, Oct. 8, 1925. Answers to Questions Protected by George Matthew Adams SENTENCE SERMONS By the REV. BOY L. SMITH D.
Pastor Simpson M. E. Church. Minneapolis VERY MUCH DOUBT---The man who says he wants a frank and honest criticism. --The woman who says her dinner is not fit to eat.
--The value of anything that has to be over advertised. --The truth of the story that has to be told under cover. --The permanence of the rcf orni that conies too quickly. --The reliability of the salesman who is in too much of a hurry. The worth of any education that does not teach a youth to work.
The Haskin Letter rasr TREATING LEPROSY WISCONSIN, STATE OF PARADOX. Wisconsin is pre-eminently the state of paradoxes. There is Milwaukee, its principal city, for instance. Milwaukee for years has been in the control of the socialist Often the spokesmen of the party have talked of the class conflict and the proletariat in the phrases which has currency in Moscow, but the city government has not taken even a first feeble step toward any known variety of socialism. It hasn't even taken over the public services in the city itself.
Mr. Insull sells electricity to the citizens of socialist Milwaukee as he does to the citizens of bourgeois Chicago; and the street car lines are still in private hands, too. The socialist is supposed to think in terms of revolution, which means the death oi privatp property, but -It doesn't mean that in Wisconsin. Crimes against property are punished with more speed and seventy than murder meets in Chicago. Few cities in this country have so large a proportion of wage-earners, in the population as has Milwaukee; yet there has not been a con oiderable strike there in nearly thirty years, Milwaukee is not a high-wage town.
The last thing the proletarian is supposed to worry about is the taxes which the rich man pays; yet Milwaukee sent its leading officials to Madison to protest high taxes. Socialist Milwaukee wanted Germany to will the war before our country went in, although Germany was the dwelling place of the Junker arislocracy; and after we went to war, Milwaukee insistent was loyal to America, so it sent Victor Berger, the Socialist back to congress twice after the house had refused to scat because of his alleged disloyalty. Milwaukee preferred to interpret loyalty in its own way. Similarly Wisconsin has chosen to define Republicanism in its own way. If you arc a Republican'in the Wisconsin meaning of the word, you have nothing in common with any considerable number of Republicans anywhere else.
Not the least strange of 'Wisconsin's paradoxes is that in this paradise of equalitarisanism a landed aristocracy is in the making. Purchasers of blooded stock liavc frequently observed in this connection almost evefy county which they visit has its great families to whom the rest of the countryside looks with respect, if not awe. Wisconsin's population is predominantly rural, and it uitght therefore to be dry; Wisconsin is wet in spirit and in fact. It is at least as easy to get a drink almost anywhere in Wisconsin as it is in New York. Wisconsin is German; so it prefers a man of French blood.
And so on. Every observer returns from Wisconsin with new items to add to the list. We do not pretend to know the solution of all the Wisconsin paradoxes, hut we believe many of them can be resolved by remembering I hat Wisconsin is only considerable section of the United 'States into which German social democracy has been successfully transplanted. German social democracy talks as if it were internationalist, proletarian and revolutionary, but in fact it is German, bourgeois and mcliorijt. Washington, D.
Oct. by the United States Public Health Service that four lepers, committed to the Marine hospital at Carvillc, Louisiana, several years ago, have been discharged, awakens interest in the disease with which they were afflicted, and which from time immemorial, has been dreaded by mankind. These patients were discharged as being no longer a menace to the public health, the disease having been cured, or, to use the language of physicians, arrested. This docs not mean a complete cure, but a state wherein the victim may go about his business as he did formerly, without any danger to those around him, and without feeling the effects of the disease. Where leprosy originated few venture to say.
That it existed in Egypt This experiment would tend to substantiate their view. Iti Weird Performance. Animals can not be inoculated with i. It acts in a weird fashion. It pursues no set course.
It sometimes attacks a community with terrific force and then leaves as suddenly as it appeared and for no particular reason. It is found in the tropics and the arctics. Iceland is a focus for it; likewise New Brunswick; the equatorial belt. It is also found in the temperate zones. Climate, therefore has been dismissed by most authorities as a cause of leprosy, or as a factor.
Race also has been thrown out of the question, although the Teutonic peoples have been strangely free from it. They, however, have had several bitter experiences with it. The peculiar quirks of' the disease in 4600 B. C. is known.
Aristotle are unexplained; its method of at- dcstribed it and the later Greek writers knew of it. That it was prevalent in ancient times in Asia, and that it attacked the Greeks and Romans is also known, but its origin has never been determined definitely. There have been legends written about this disease and during the middle ages the gripping fear of persisted. Its curious behavior confounded men and awe was inspired by it. It was believed that China and Japan and the Orient in general were filled with it and a sort of supernatural aura was thrown about it.
This, no doubt found its inception in biblical references. But leprosy of the Bible is a moot question. That is existed is not a i was confused with other diseases is also suspected. Tuberculosis is believed to have been confuted with it, for the two are somewhat similar in many respects. Likewise other diseases arc believed to have been mistaken for it.
the awful stigma placed upon its very name by scriptural passages has placed an almost ineffaceable stamp upon it. The fear of it persists. However, strip leprosy of the superstition that surrounds it and view it in the cold light of scientific fact. It i.i extremely difficult to contract. There have been instances of a leper's living with another person in the closest relation--that of marriage-for years and not conveying it.
There have been absolute attempts to inoculate persons with it. The most famous of these is the case of the specialist who took a large number of bis students and inoculated them with leprous substances. Only one, over a long period of time, showed any traces of it. The rest were as healthy as ever. There are those who doubt the contagipn of leprosy.
tack, or, to be more exact, the method of contracting it, is It may reveal itself in a very short time or it may not make itself known for 20 years. From a clinical point of view there arc three classifications of leprosy. They arc the nodular, or tubercular type, characterized by spots; the an- aesthetic, or nerve type, which attacks the nerve trunks; and the mixed 'type, which is a combination of the first two. The first type, where lesions occur, is dangerous as a source of contagion; the second is not believed to be a menace even in localities where the disease is endemic, while the third is dangerous to those around one aflicted with it. Until recent 3'cars it was generally considered that leprosy was transmissible from parent to offspring.
It is never, or almost never, inherited ir the same manner, as is syphilis, for example. Experience shows that where a child is taken away from leprous parents soon after birth and reared in a clean environment, the danger of developing the disease is almost nil. Not UneUut. Cleanliness is a great thing to be considered in discussing leprosy, but there are cases where the most immaculate have contracted it. Almost in every case there is no knowledge on the part of the victim of having been in contact with a leper.
There are cases where those in the best strata of soficty, surrounded by correct sanitation and sheltered from diseases of all sorts have had it. Bui insanitation naturally, has a great deal to do with it. There has been progress in the therapeutics of leprosy. Chaulnioogrs oil and strychnine have been user and are being used. Some cases ap- pear to have bcncfittcd by these.
Locally caustics arc helpful. Refrigeration, due to the application of carbon-dioxide snow has been used in leprosy with fairly good results, but the use of mcrcuro-chromc, comparatively an innovation, although mercury has long been used, has attracted wide notice. Out of forty-four cases treated with ts sixteen showed marked improvement, were moderately improved, six were slightly improved, seven ere slightly improved, seven were unchanged, two were slightly worse. Ihrcc were moderately worse, three died, one disappearing. These were of all types of leprosy, and in all phases of it, from active advanced to early inactive.
The use of mcr- curochronic proved several things: that it was not--and there was none before--a specific for leprosy; that it was helpful in checking the disease that it was of value in treating ulcers of various types; that it was of no value in checking pulmonary tuberculosis in lepers, but, on the contrary, apparently aggravated the complication which usually occurs. However, it should he borne in mind that leprosy is not widespread. It is not as bad as tradition and superstition have made it. It can be arrested, and the patient can uc sent into the world with all the mcdi cal facts in the case showing that lie is not a menace to anyone, that he may, probably, be married with impunity, and will not be impaircc by the disease in his life. Although the cause, method of contraction, and absolute cure of leprosy arc as mysterious as and al- hough the disease is yet a deadly hing, the relatively small number Is victims, and the progress made in arresting its ravages have served to dissipate the gnawing fear it once inspired in the minds of most of man cind.
The discharge of the four aticnts from Carvillc is but one instance of the progress, which, painfully slow, is being maJ in the treatment of it. THE GKX1US. The guy who mafle setamboa A t7hl7. no doubt of that. And covered more than dandruf Ho wore his Sunday hat.
And likewise gents who handed The telegraph and phont, Tho radio and motor car Had more of bralna than bone. But still, for mental Elds, thoa chaps Arc still a trifle shy Compared with dome- inspired cool Vho first mado pumpXIn We've suns the fame of Fulton Morse, And Edlion and Eads. And countless other gents who ha Inventions in their We've put up bronze and marbl busts And IrrmgeB And recognized their patent righl In legal acrlmmajres; But not a bloomln' anthem ring: No itono Is raised on high To give that cook immortal fain Who first mado pumpkin pie. Baltimore Bun SPEEDS UP ROTATION SHIP Muchlheim, Sept. 16.
An improvement on Flcltner's iamou rotatioiv ship has been constructe by the engineer, Franz Struzin His vessel is equipped with tw stationary towers. By means 'O large air funnels that can be regu lated to point in any desired i rcction, the vessel is enabled utilize the wind coming from an point of the compass, whereby i speed is materially enhanced. A the trial trip the vessel succeede in attaining a far greater spec than the Fleltner ihip, President Coolldgft returned from lie American Legion convention in maha. The right of states to enforce inimum wage laws was argued the supreme court. The N'Ickel Plato merger hearing ontlnucd before the interstate com- erce commission.
Senator Harreld of Oklahoma rotestcd prohibition personnel Whcn in doubt-- ask Haskin. He offers himself as a target for the question! of our readers. He agrees to furnish facts for all who ask. This is a large contract one that has never been filled before. It would bu possible only in and only to one who has spent a lifetime in locating sources of information.
Haskin does not know all the things that people ask him, but he knows people who do know. Try him. State your question briefly, write plainly, and enclose two cents in stamps for return postage. Address The Helena Independent Information Bureau, Frederic J. IJaskui, Director, Washington, D.
C. Q. Is the land surrounding Palm Beach and Miami below sea A. A. The Coast and Geodetic Survey says that not only is this land above mean sea level but the entire peninsula Florida is above mean sea level.
Q. How long can milk, tea, and coftcc be kept safely in a thermos C. P. A. All thermos bottles arc not packed in the simc way.
For thib icason milk will not keep in all bottles the same length of time. If the packing is good, the milk should keep about as long as it docs in i refrigerator. The tea and coffee will keep as long as the thermos bottle holds the temperature. Q. What docs "riparian rights' 1 C.
O. C. C. The definition of "riparian rights" according to common law is "a person owning land bordering a non-navigable stream, owns the bed of the stream to" the fihim aquae rr thread of the stream and may make reasonable use of its waters." Q. rock salt put on a cinder driveway injure the adjoining ground? J.
C. S. A. The Bureau of Soils says a the application of rock salt upon driveway injure the soil for hangcs without consulting seniors. Col.
William Mitchell refused to estlfv hrfore the naval rourt in- i i the Slicnandoali ilis- stcr. THE CHASE. From the pen of lolland comes a vivid picture of pir- tical pursuit in the old (lays trangc craft (lying foreign flags lay ff the Delaware capes with unhcal- i in rHi cargoes oi" in- ound hrigantincs. The following is rom Mr. Holland's new book, "The iratcs of the Delaware," published his month by the J.
B. Lippincott Co. "The ship stirred and shivered; she vas headed on a new tack. As Jared ut his head above the companioi- vay he saw another ship, two-masted 1 square-rigged, bearing off to the outh. 'A sailor pointed.
'Von's our ic cried, 'and a time we've had to ind "There seemed to be no misdoubt. There was a wild excitement in every lan on deck that Jarcd hadn't noticed cforc. With every inch of canvas drawing the schooner swooped on and on, throwing great crests oi vater to the rigging from her sharp row. "The brig, as though she had just sensed something i in the white wings bearing down on her, commenced to fetch more and more the cast. The schooner copied her actics, sheering off but maintained icr great pace.
For a time the course ay so, the pursuer gaining a little with every shift of the wheel. Then through the ripping turmoil of flying water Norroy barked an order and a gun thundered from the schooner's bow. 'A splash in the water on the port side of the brig and a geyser rose in the air. The schooner shook with the recoil fo the gun, but lost not a scc- omlls headway. "Jarcd was now at the rSitTwatch- ing the other ship, which seemed to him like a live thing, frightened by a hunter and not knowing where to turn.
He could sec the crew on her deck running hither and yon in obi- dicncc to commands. But in spite of her straining canvas, she was fast being overhauled. "The schooner swooped on, assured, magnificent, tearing through scudding seas, he great beak cleaving the water and tossing it to either side. A second shot sped from her gun, and plumped into the wake at the stern of the brig. There was a cheer from the schooner's crew.
'The next tears a hole in your side I' Jarcd heard a deep voice roar." NEW AIR MAIL ROUTE TO OPEN THIS WINTER Los Angeles, Oct. mail service between Los Angeles and Salt Lake will be operating on regular schedule by January 1, next. Announcement to this effect was made here today by Harris M. Hanshu, president of the Western Air Express, which was awarded a mail contract by the postoffice department. Seven Douglas pursuh planes will be used for mail on the Los Angeles-Salt Lake route Hanshu said.
In addition the company plans to have four all-metal Ford planes plying between here and San Francisco, by February 1, carrying passengers and freight. Other all- metal passenger planes, each capable of carrying eight passengers, will be added to the service as soon as practicable, radius of about three feet. If the roots of a neighbor's trees or shrubs extend tlic driveway, rock salt will be poison to them. Otherwise, it will not his properly 5 the ram washes tins substance over on to his land. O.
What a i a would mat.c considerable spiokc when binned, a I i I'. ikX. A. In a i a flame that will generate a great dc.il of smoke ith small a oi it i-. necessary to a i as little air ns poisibli'.
Burn papers soaked in a concentrated solution of potassium nitrate. A'- low the papers to dry before i O. Can sun puts be seen i out a J. L. A If spot of tlic sun is as 27,000 miles in diameter, it can br seen i a telescope as a i black speck.
spots arc even LirRcr than this, ami 50,000 miles is a not The largest sun spot on record was observed in 1858; it was nearly 150.. 000 miles in breadth ami covered about 1-35 of tlic whole a of the sun. O. arc tlic principal a ing centers of the i Suic G. A.
Among the i i i a wc.i\:iu, centers of cotton inanuf.icturini; industry arc the cities of Lowc'l. Lawrence, New Bedford and Frill River, a a Manchester, New Hampshire; Paw tucket, Kho'lc I a and Danville, Virginia. AmonR those of the, silk a a ing i arc the cities of Patcr- son, Xew Jersey and Allentown, Pennsylvania: Philadelphia, sylvania is prominent as a general weaving center. PROGRESSIVE LOGIC. Burton E.
Wheeler, the United States senator from Montana, has undertaken you will find the story elsewhere in The Evening Sun today a sort of warfare against government by injunc- lion. Writing in LaFollcttc's Magazine, the senator from the copper country expresses his attitude in these words: "We have government by injunction, through which the department of justice, with executive sanction, attempts to control the industrial world by court orders issued without a hearing." The point is well taken. The constitution of the United States guarantees trial by jury to all persons accused of criminal offenses, but by a despicable legal fiction men arc haled before prejudiced judges and sentenced to long terms in prison without jury trial. The practice is a crying abomination. But Senator Wheeler is a poor man to protest against it.
For Senator Wheeler Is a dry, and as as a dry, has the ardent support of the Anti-Saloon League. He favors the Volstead act, and of all the enactments on the statute books, this law offends most completely against the traditional right of accused persons to trial by jury. Thcri is something somewhere about the necessity of coming to court witb clean hands. Senator Wheeler would cut a better figure in his fight against trial by injunction if he would denounce its use by his beloved Anti-Saloon league as welt as by the enemies of organized Sun..
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