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BLYTHEVTLLE <ARK.) COURIER NEWS FRIDAY, MARCH 25,1949 THE NATION TODAY Atlantic Pact is Preparedness Move by Eight Western Powers To Avoid Conflict With Russians (Wltorfc Note: This Is th« last of tour stories explaining the Atlantic P*cU - By James Marlow WASHINGTON, March 25. W—The Atlantic Pact has two key MCtion*. This story explains them, (or you'll hear about I horn from Ooncreu. Ttil* country—with Canada, Britain, France, Norway, Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlands—wrote the pact as a dclcnse against Russia. Their reason: If they're ready for al'.nck, they may not be al. Ueked at all; but If attacked, they'll be ready. But—unless the Senate approves,* w« cant take part tn the pact at all. It's expected to, probably In a few weeks. Before the Senate says all right, the two key sections mentioned above will draw tne.heavlest examination and argument. They are: how to prepare against art attack and what to do if the attack comes. Take them one at a time. How to prepare against attack— . T« Ce«t U. 8. Money There are 14 articles in the 1.040- word pact, and article 3, one of the keys, says: "In . order more effectively to achieve the objectives of this treaty. the parties, separately and jointly, by means of continuous and effective self-help and mutual aid. will maintain and develop their Individual and collective capacity to resist armed attack." It means they agree to help them- Mlves and one another prepare. Since we're best able to help, most of the helping depends on us. To do that. President Trumnn is expected to ask Congress for $1,000.000,000 or more. He mny get some strong opposition on the grounds that we're spending too much money already. Yet, in case of Russian attack the European countries would be our first line of defense. They'd have to stand the brunt till we swung Into action. That would be priceless help to us. Unless we give plenty of help, our allies may wonder what meaning the pact has anyway and whether we can be depended on at all. What to do If an attack comes— Article 5 1« the other key section. It «ays that If one of the pact allies la attacked, the others, singly and jointly, will give It such help as each "deems necessary, including the use of armed force." Some Clauses Vague That part about what cadi "deems necessary" Is a loophole for any ally which wanted to use it. In case one ally was attacked, another could say It didn't "deem" It Becessary^to go to war to help out. Then would we have to go to war? Asked about It, Secretary of State Acheron said it is true nobody can force us to do it. But we will dn what he have contracted to do. 1 What, exactly? That's vague. This pact can't say outright that well go to war If an ally Is attacked Only Congress can put us Into war •—formally—by declaring war. (But from the moment the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor we were at war, although Congress didn't declare it till the next day) Then how can our allies—since the pact makes no outright promise well go to war with them— feel they can trust us to help oir la a plnchT . They must feel pretty sur»—aft«! their long talks with Acheson and the expected Senate approval the pact—that we wouldn't let them down, or they' wouldn't sign thi pact. This U pretty ahadowy grouni here. But that'i the way It is. That' the way it will rtay-unless an attack cornea. Chinescs Red Troops Occupy Itu Abo Island Jrieft Seek Re-hearing In DeWitt School Cast LITTLE ROCK, March »—«•)— Attorneys for the DeWitt Special School District have filed briefs with the Arkansas Supreme Court n their petitions for a rehearing on a supreme court ruling which limits school elections to one year. In a -ase involving the district, he court held that a school eleo- .lon, under provisions of constltu- :lonal Amendment No. 40, could be neld only on the regular annual date—now the Inst Tuesday In each September. The decision Invalidated a $1,600,000 bond issue the DeWitt District voted to finance construction at a special election. In their brief, the district's attorneys denied that Amendment 40 adopted lust November, Invalidate previous statutes allowing sjxcla school elections. They nlso contended the district election was held before the amendment liccame effective . Two Persons Lose Lives In Waverly, Term., Fire WAVERLY, Tenn., March 25—<fl>) —Two person* were killed when fire swept through the Dlxiland Hotel here early yesterday. One man was killed In a leap from the second floor of the two- story frame structure, and the other s found dead In his room from smoke and fumes, Deputy Sherrif Orady Gray snld. Some 20 persons escaped from the blazing structure with Injury, Gray added. HONG KONG, March 25. f/I'i The China mall said ywlerrtay Chinese Communist troops had occupied little known Itu Aba Island be twcen Indochina and the Philippine. The Island, the newspaper said, was being used to supply Reds fighting in Indochina. It is halfway between Saipon and Palawan and supposedly was used by the Japanese as a refueling base during the war. It» Aba If a sandy mound about a mile long and a mile wide. The China Mall said an American army group attached to the 609th Grave Registration Company in the Philippines went to the Island several months ago to look for the bodies of an American bomber crew. The Americans, said the newspaper, thought the Island uninhabited. But when they reached it they were "taken Into custody Immediately, questioned and then ordered to leave." Swedes to Get Butter STOCKHOLM. March 25—W>— Sweden abolished rationing of butter and other fats today, after more than eight years. Fourth Army Commander To Visit GOY. McMath LITTLE ROOK, March 25. «•>— Gen. Thomas T. Handy, command- Ing the Fourth Army, will come here Monday for n luncheon engagement with Governor McMath, The commander of all Army units In Arkansas, Texas, loutsiana, New Mexico and Oklahoma will fly here State Adj. G«n. Earl Ricks, who arranged the visit, said it will be purely a personal call on the governor and had been requested by General Handy. Read Courier News Want Ads Grand Jury May Look Into Fire Death of Matron FARM1NOTON, Mo., March 2S 'ffi— With new evidence In hand. the county prosecutor said yesterday he would ask tor a special grand Jury to look into the "fire" death of Mrs. William O. Mahurln. He would not say what the evidence Is. Mrs. Mahurin, 46, whom her hus band took as'hls llfth wife last December after a "lonely heart. 1 ;" club acquaintance, died last Thursday at the farm home they had just purchased. She had suffered severe burns. Mahuiin told authorities a kitchen stove exploded and set her dre.ss afire. Her body was In the front yard when neighbors arrived In answer lo Mahurln's shouting. Laboratoiy reports are In the hands of the prosecutor, B. C. Tom- llnson, but he would not say what they showed. Mahurln, 53, was charged with perjury after telling a coroner's jury he had no prison record. He had served a two-year term foi arson. Latest nut-shcller clips small por- ions of shell away Instead of crack- ng the entire shell as done by or- Inary nut openers. It Is a hand ool of pller-llke construction with .ittlng teeth of special steel sharp ened to a very fine edge. Correct PIANO TUNING And Expert Repair Work Guaranteed Radio Service AM-FM Television Violin Repair Experts Everything In Music BROOKS Music Store 107 E. Main. T«L 811 Vous* Committee Okays Toft-Hartley Repeal Bill WASHINGTON, March 25—W|— The Mouse Labor Committee yesterday approved the administration's abor bill without changing a line. The 13 to 10 vote came after only 15 minutes of discussion behind ilosed doors. Rep. Lucas (D-Tex) olned the committee's nine Repub- Ican members In opposing the measure. The bill would repeal the Taft- Ifartley law and restore the old Wagner labor act with some changes. An Identical bill Is awalt- ng Senate action. Low-Cost Homes Urged To Stall Public Housing LITTLE ROCK, March 28. W>— Arkansas re»J estate irer were told yesterday thye should develop low cost housing projects If they want to ward off public housing programs. The advice was offered by Theodore H. 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