The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on May 15, 1942 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, May 15, 1942
Page 1
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National Cotton Week May 15-23 VOLUME XXXIX—NO. 52. BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI National Cotton Week May 15-23 Blylheville Daily News Blytheville Courier Blytheville Herald Mississippi Valley Leader ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, MAY 15, 11)42 SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS PENETRATE DEFENSES Any f/•* Today Senator? Nation Almost Ready To Begin Recruiting It's New "Petticoat Army" WASHINGTON, May 15. (UP) — Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson tcday_ appointed Mrs. Oveta Gulp Hobby, Houston, Texas, newspaper executive, as director of the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps, and said that general recruiting for members of the WAAC will begin in about three months. In an executive order establishing the WAAC, President Roosevelt directed Stimson to limit the initial mobilization to 25,000. The corps will be composed of women volunteers who will replace enlisted men now performing certain types of non-combatant duties in all parts of the world. Local recruiting offices will be ready in about two weeks to receive applications from candidate for the first WAAC officers training; school. This school, to be located at Fort D:s Moines. la., is expected to be opened within two months. Under terms of the act establishing the -new "petticoat army" the corps may be expanded to a total of 150,000 women, if necessary. The War Department emphasized that members of the WAAC will not be used to replace Civil Service employes now working for the War Department. Mexican Flag Torpedo Target, Germany Given Until May 21 To Explain Action of U-iioat Senators C. Wayland Brooks. Illinois; Robert F. Wagner, New York and Carl Hatch. New Mexico <lcft 10 right* registering for gasoline with Mrs. John Lyle in the Rotunda of the Capitol in Washington, D. C. (NEA TELEPHOTOi. MIAMI, Flu.. May 15. <UP>— An! Axis .submarine that sank a me- ' riimu -si/eel Mexican freighter oft Miami last Wednesday night aimed at a brightly illuminated Mexican flan painted on the vessel's side. survivors said today. "It was no mistake that a torpedo hit our ship," Julio Bena- viclc.s, 32. ol" Tampico. Mex., said. "They must be good shooters for they split our fla^—binuo! They mnde n target of our flag." Thirteen men were lost when I he vessel, the Portrero DC Llano. burst Into flames and sank within sight of the Florida coast. Twenty two crew members were saved but all deck officers were believed to have gone clown with their ship. It was the 15th sinking announced by the Navy since May 4 in which survivors have been landed at Florida ports. Twentysix of a crew of from a Pan- Not Tor| )cdos-Training Borabs Urge U.S. Cruiser Sunk In Arctic Battle, Nazi Radio Claims BERLIN, May 15. (German broadcast; recorded by United Press in New York)—The German High Command said today that German planes attacking along the Allied supply line through the Arctic Ocean to Murmansk, Russia, had sunk a heavy United States cruiser, a destroyer and two other ships and damaged and left a large merchant ship burning. s Increased Civilian Effort Along Three Lines In Manila 'Speech " MANILA. Ark., May 15.—"Three things should be done by civilians in helping to win th}s war." said Noill Reed, state commander of Arkansas Legionnaires, in speak- j ing at the Herman Davis Post meeting here Wednesday night. "They consist of." he said, "the starting of a blood bank at once for the immediate need of wounded soldiers and nurses who are carrying this fight and keeping it away from the shores of America; [he beginning of a "How Do You Know It Campaign" in helping to hccp down false reports and ru- inors that might tend to produce .fraction and internal disorder; a rise early and stay late program of doing everything possible to "win. and win we must." Commander Reed spoke to the small group of legionnaires present about defense measures which, he said every American should learn about. He added that the American Legion was shouldering as much of the load as it could absorb, and would continue to do so, as each member learned and mastered his duties. Commander Reed was accompanied to Manila by Arch Lindsey and Arthur Duclos of Blythcville. A supper was served by members of the Manila Herman Davis Post 197. Allison Brown is local commander. The German radio said the cruiser was of the 9100-ton * Pcnsacola class and was one of an American convoy heading through, the Arctic Ocean and into the Barents Sea with supplies for Russia. . ' • Destroyer Sunk, Nazis Say Several destroyers, presumably American, accompanied the cruiser and one of them was bombcc to destruction during the fierce fighting between the anti-aircraft guns of the ships and the bombers and cannon of the attacking Cotton To Play Big'Wai- Role/ Johnston Says amanian merchant ship were landed yesterday at West Palm Bead by a United States naval craft. The Portrero De Llano had been; on the alert lor a submarine attack, .survivors said, but blistering flnmcs followed so quickly after thc torpedo struck that there was no time to launch life boats. Thc .survivors swam for more than two hours before coast guard joats rescued them. 71 icy swam Mtt to sea. away from n floating nass of burning oil, before they iarccl veer toward thc .shore. Hundreds of persons on thc jcach watciicd thc .ship burn, thc names sending a red clow into 'he sky which was easily visible icre. "It was cold-blooded savagery." Benavidcs said. "I would like just incc to shoot nt that submarine. If our ship had been armed, I would have shot that submarine right out of thc water." The captain, Gabriel Cruz Din/ of Vcra Cruz, Mex.. apparently was killed when the torpedo struck. He had ordered all hands quartered on deck as a precaution against an attack and they were at their stations, near life boats when the torpedo struck short 1 : before midnight. - National Cotton Week begins today and Blytheville merchants join with thousands of others all over the nation in featuring products of the fleecy fiber from the fields of the South where 13,000,000 people depend on this crop for a livelihood. This year finds the industry is faced with intensified problems— problems brought by the complete stoppage of already dwindling export markets, of proper merchandising of cotton goods available on the civilian market and of providing armed forces with adequate supplies of food and fiber. President Oscar Johnston of the National Cotton Council, however, has pledged cotton ''to furnish the fiber for the production of cloth- 'ing. munitions, sand bags, tires, tents and other necessary articles . . . furnish oil for production of food furnish meal and hulls for feeding livestock for the production of milk, butter and meat. "These commodities." Mr. John- planes of the Luftwaffe. The running fight started Thursday afternoon when the Luftwaffe pilots sighted the American formation between the islands of Spitsbergen anc\ Norway's nortr cape, the High Command said Bombs set the cruiser afire anc it sank about midnight. An ice breaker of 3000 tons and a merchant ship of 2000 tons late were bombed and sunk. Ship Attacked A 10,000-ton merchant ship wa attacked off the coast of Mur and German bombs left i burning at both the stern and the bow. (The German radio did not make clear whether the attacks on the ice breaker and the two merchant ships were part of the attack on the warships.) (The Pcnsacola class comprises two ships, the Pensacola and the Salt Lake City, both were laid down in 1929 and have normal MEXICO CITY. May 15. UJPi- fhe Axis must explain the Uirpe- doiup; t;C a Mcxinm im-rcluml ship )11 thc Florida coast in u luanmr ,aU;:fnelory to Mexico by May Hi )r Mexico will lake steps "cle- nawied by our national honor." the government announced today. Foreign Minister K/.e.quie.l Pmill- la dispatched that ultimatum to 3cimay, Italy, and Japim today i.s labor, political leaders and the press demanded retribution lor the Mexican lives lost wlun the brightly 'H'.uminnted Mexican ship was torpedoed without warnin,; Wednesday ni^hl, Vicente Lomburdu T;>)r;luno. president of thc Confederation ot Workers of Latin America, demanded, in an open letter to President Manuel Avilu Cumaeho that. Mexico declare war on Germany at once. The newspaper La Prensa, one of the largest of the Mexican drtilics. also demanded a declaration of war. Mexico has severed diplomatic relations with Germany. Italy, ami Japan. Only congress can dec! war, but congress may delegate that power to thc president. The ultimatum was sent through neutral intcrmediime.s to all three. Axis countries, since the submarine vas not identified. A foreign ollice .statement said he torpedoing "once more shows he ways unhesitatingly adopted by -\xi.s powers to conduct hostilities n this conflict." MIIJE TRIED Ben Hargrove, Slayer 0 Two, Slated For Tria Here Next Week SOVIETS SW Cadet bombardiers G. I£. MacDonald mid Carl H, Leonard of llio Albu- qumuH 1 , N. M., Air Corps boinburtlicr .school check a loud ol KlO-poiiiul training bombs belcre loading thorn into 1,1 u- belly ol iht; 1J-IH bomber in the biick|;romK]. (NEA TKLKl-HOTOt. 12 Scholarships Made Available ston premised, "will How from our complements of 663 men. They fields in abundance to army. navy, marines and air corps and to millions of industrial and agricultural workers. 1 ' Pemiscot Officer Believed Captured CARUTHERSVILLE. Mo.. May 15.—First Lieut. Hugh A. Tistadt Jr.. son of Mr. and Mrs. Hugh A. Tistadt of this city, is Pemiscot County's first World War II hero, he being one of 176 Marines and ci^ht Bluejackets who have received decorations and commendations for heroism in the battle of the Philippines. However, with the knowledge that Hugh had been decorated, came a message from the War Department which indicates that he has been taken a prisoner of war in the Corregidor siege. Mr. and Mrs. Tistadt, were notified by the War Department that henceforth, acting upon instructions from their .son. they would forward his pay- to them. This is believed to indicate that Lieut. Tistadt was among those captured. Lieut. Tistadt was graduated with honors from U. S. Naval Academy anci chose to serve with the Marines. He was sent to China, with the Fourth Marines, and later was transferred to the Philippines. Numbering about 1500 officers and men. the Marines fought at Cavite Navy Yard, at Olonga- po. nt Mariveles. and at other j points on the Bataan Peninsula, finally withdrawing to Corregidor. Chicago Soybeans were well armed, carrying 10 cisht- incli .55 caliber vines, four five- inch .25 caliber anti-aircraft guns and two three-pounders. The cruiser also carries four planes launched by catapult. Berlin did not give the name of the destroyer reported sunk.) Leffionnaires Will Discuss Air Raids Caruthersville Woman' Dies Sunday While On Visit In Texas CARUTHERSVILLE. Mo.. May 15.—Funeral services for Mrs. Nellie Goodner. 72. wove hold yesterday afternoon at the Catholic Church, with the Rev. Fr. P. J. Doyle conducting the services. Mrs. Goodner died suddenly nt the home of a sister in Wichita. Falls. Texas. Sunday, and the body was brought here for burial. A discussion of the various duties of the air raid warden will feature the regular Fifin District Meeting of the American Legion here -Sunday, according to an announcement made today bv Rosco Crafton. post commander. The main part of the meeting will be devoted to this subject. C. G. Redman and J. W. Adams, who have recently returned from attending the Air Raid Wardens School in Little Rock will have charge of the discussion At 11 o'clock a.m.. as is their usual custom, the Legionnaires wil attend services at one of the local churches in a bodv. Afterward Mrs. Goodner was the widow of j Iuncll con will be :-orvod to mem- the late Clarence L. Goodner. one 1 bcrs of thc Post here and to all time employee r ; f the Republican j v »s'tmg legionnaires, weekly newspaper here when it Herman Lewis of Trumann. Fifth was owned and operated by Mrs. ! Di - stl "i c ^ commander, will presie Kathryn Yatcr Smith.'She suffered ° ver a11 r c?ular business that is a stroke in March. 1941. nnd tacn shortly thereafter went to live with | during the dav. included in thc Fifth Dls- a granddaughter Mrs. Alta Camcr- I trict nre: Manila, Leachviilc. Monon. at Steele. About five weeks agoj et '. tlp ' Blac k Oak. Jonesboro. West she went to Wichita Falls to visit Ric5 " c ' Trumann. Marked Tree Earle. L^panto, Marion and West sister Mrs.l Mcm P h *- her only sister. Surviving are her • May. July. prev. open high low close close 181V, 182'A 181 «.i 182H 181b 183'/i 185 183'/« 184 VJ 184 Mary E. McCoy of Wichita Falls,! and five grandchildren. V. S. WEATHER FORECAST New Orleans Cotton Mar, May July BLYTHEVILLE—Cooler this at- 1 , Oct. prev open high low close close 2025 2032 2025 2028b 2023b 1927 1928 1924 1925 1922b 1953 I960 1953 1H56 195( 2000 2007 2000 2001 199 ~"' j - **ww v JC.VUI £\J\J\) £UV1 J.^*^ ternoon and much cooler toninht. j Dec. . 2010 2018 2010 2013 2009 ARKANSAS—Cooler tonight. i Jan. . 2021b 2015U 2012b Crowded Populations Discussed In Talk At Weekly Meeting Here Population in its relaUonr.hip to war was discussed by Brig. Gen. W. A. Danielson, commanding officer of thc General Depot, Second Corps 'Area, Memphis, at the weekly luncheon meeting of thc Rotary Club yesterday at Hotel Noble. C. G. Smith was in charge of thc program. In dealing with this subject, thc speaker traced all the important Wnrs of history including the present conflict showing how over- .crowding of countries forced them to strive to take additional territory in which their people could live properly. That, he snicl. was particularly true of countries with, invigorating climates such a.s Germany and Japan, which he contrasted with the enervating climate of India. This, it is believed, Is responsible for the fact that India has never been involved in great wars <and has led a more or less peaceful existence. There was no over population of Japan until Perry went into that country and forced her to trade with thc outside world, he said. Prior to that time. Japan had lived to herself. Her various tribes continually warring between thc in- he police. Officer Potter" was shot selvcs prevented the problem of by Hargrove as he attempted to ovcr population from developing, arrest thc latter. Hargrove then However, once an outside trade was built, up. thc tribal raids were forgotten and thc population problem County Judge Rolnnd Green has been nuUiori/.ud lo appoint 12 students as boneltclnrie.s in the University of Arkrvmns at Fayetteville, it was learned today. These :<[)- poinlmenl.s entitle the holder to fret? tuition for four yearn. In order to be eligible for one ol the .scholarship;;, :t Ktudent must i-u'vc hi'en fi bonn (ide resident of tills sUtle. for .one v ycnr previous to cmcring thc University and must be- n yrndimto from im uc- c red I led high .school or its equivalent. Further information may be obtained from Judwe Green, or by writing thc registrar ol thc University. A special term of Circuit Court during which thc State will ask the jury to award three death penalties, will begin here Monday. Highlighting the session will be the ase of Ben Hargrove, who will go >n trial for his life on charges of slaying his wife and Policeman Dick Potter in The Beauty Bar thc atter part of March. The prosecution will seek to prove that Hnr- jrove, who was estranged from his wife, entered thc shop while she was receiving; treatment there. -earning that he meant to kill her, Mrs. Hargrove managed to send for HWAR BULLETINS Ncill Reed Is Attending American Legion Meeting Neil) Rccd, state commander of the American Legion, will be guest speaker at u meeting of Lynn Sliclton Post No. 27 -at Fayetteville, today. Tomorrow, he and other department officers and representatives of the Arkansas Service Bureau will visit the Faycttevillc hospital before going to Bcrryvillc to attend the First District meeting of the American Legion and Auxiliary, which begins Sunday. LONDON, May 1.5. (Ui'l — Kriiish light • iiiivsil forces torpedoed mi enemy ship in a running buttle with a O.nnim convoy «ift' (ho French c<uisl curly Wednesday, .an Admiralty communique rcvflulnl Uxkiy, "The (Immuis hiive admitted that one of tlu-ir torpedo boats wns sunk in this ciiff.'tffe- mrnt," tin- communique suit!. "(Jonslikntble other damage and casualties undoubtedly were indicted on the enemy." Stock Prices killed his wife and attempted to commit suicide, without success. The prosecution will also ask for a death sentence in the case of arose. The speaker discussed over pop- Nolan Mann, negro, who is charged ! ulal - ion fr °m the point of the area's with murder in the slaying of an- ability to produce enough food stuff to care for its people. He listed R.S the five essentials of life i Socony Vacuum f>3 3-4 which must be preserved in order j ^!'" ill , 1); _ : 01 ' to prevent war: food. shelter, recreation, and both individually and collectively. clothing, .security other negro. Clyde Leslie Irvin of Manila, will be arraigned in court Monday morning and his case will probably be set for sometime Wednesday. He is the third man for whom the state is asking the death sentence. Irvin is charged with a statutory offense involving the alleged rape of his 12-year-old daughter. The case of Floyd Mooncy, charged with assault with intent to kill, which was cor^inucd from the regular session of court due to j the illness of a witness will also! HORNERSV1LLE. Mo.. May 15. probably be heard at this time, a.s —Eccentric Dr. F. Kinsolving will several other cases of a minor stuffed a fortune in currency .ind negotiable papers in a dozen hiding j places in the basement of his 18- Amor. Tobacco Ana. Copper k 235-8 Both. Steel Chrysler Coca Coin Gen. Flrrlric Gen. Motors Mont.. Ward Nc\v York Central .... Norfh Aiuer. Aviation . Republic Steel P.ndin 23 3-4 34 3-8 27 7 10 1-2 13 3-4 2 3-4 (i 7-8 Slamlimi of N. J :J3 3-1 Trx;is Corp 32 3-4 P;<rk;ird '2 u. S. Steel 'U> 1-H Hornersville Doctor Leaves Fortune In Odd Hiding Places nature. Ownc»l Many Relics Thc bii.vrmrnt, of l.ho rk>ctor's lionjr is filled with relics, most of which were gat.hcml from his vast hr.K'iinns. Sonic bones which lie Austriiliii, IVI'ty J5. (i!j>)—United Status plain* it) new, heavy blows ut hv» key enemy bases luive pi von Japanese invasion prc.pnmtions anollu-r si'lhudi and iubninisl- <TC<| :i humiliating blow to > Japanese, fighter pliinrs which trie <U« inlfirfw, G«n. Douglas MacArtiuir said today. TIM- allied pliiiics, piloted by Americans ,uu! Austniliuns, daniii^cd a .tajjiiiieso transport in ;ui allark on sliippinp in Rnbnul liarlior. New Hritian Island, and slu't down seven of ;tn Interceptor fleet of 17 enemy fiplilcr.s, witlunit loss to themselves. ('HlINCKINCl, Mny 15. (UP) —A eommmiiriiie tonight said heavy fichlinf: \vas in progress iirnr 'IVnjjcliunp in Yunnan Province, following .Japanese iMTiipaiion of that town near thr I>urm:i Ilond. The Clunesc wen* reported still holding an nu-iny column ;it Ihiiipinnslui, hut it was ;icUno\v!eili;rd th;iL thr .fitpancsc hiid smnslied across Uic Trni- waddy Hiver ne;ir K;ilhn in :i nush wrstw:ird from Rlianio on Uie Uurmu l>nr{lcr. New York Cotton prev. open high low close close Mar. . 2005 2010 2005 2008 2002 May July Oct. Dec. Jan. 1921 1934 1921 1926 1923 1952 1959 1952 3958 1948 1978 1983 1978 1982 1975 1989 1994 1989 1993 1985 1992b (room dwelling here before he died said w: rr of a prehistoric animal j on May 5. thc family attorney and I found near here several years a^o. executors of thc r.statc vsaid Thurs- j take up .'> prominent part of that day as they continued to hunt for more property believed secreted there. Reports said seme $200,000 already has been uncovered in the Chicago Corn May July prev. open high low close close 85 -"i 86', 85 : -v 86 % 86b 89 89 Vi 88 1 i 89 89 home. Bip Cotton Grower Dr. Kinsolving. owner of real cs- 1997 1990 tatc valued at more than SI.000.000 i in Missouri. Arkansas and Virginia. I and one of the biggest cotton growers in thc TriStatcs area, came here nearly 60 years ago. He was The symbol of medicine, a staff with serpent entwined, had its origin lonp bpforr the time of Christ. 79 when he died. Leaving much of thc business of running his extensive holdings to his organization, Dr. Kinsolving spent hLs last few years assembling relics. He became deeply engrossed in hus laboratory, the study of flowers and attempting to prrfecl a mechanical coilou chopper. mom. The doctor was a member of a national scientific organization ami ho spont many hours studying .scientific subjects. Ho and his first wife were rii- vorccd years ago. They were parents oi a son and daughter. His scccnrl wife died two years ago. Schools May Get Fortune Local persons who talked with Dr. Kinsolving about his fortune said bo tnld them he planned to leave most of his estate to the University of Missouri and thc University of Kentucky. Late Thursday Eibert Ford, his attorney, would not say whether a will had been found but did say a report of thc doctor's financial affairs would be filed for probate "within a few d.iys." WASHINGTON iVT-iv lf>. (HIM —President said to- d;iy that American forces are gelling inlo the world fiji'il irnre and more :>nd in new places :>IJ of the time. He made this statement in discussing the nrjjcnl need for increasing numbers of transport planes in enubliiiET the army and navv li eel intc the rapidly expanding hiUUe fronls against the Avis. Mr. Roosevelt also said thai thr total volunir of l^nd-lease aid to unti-ANJs tv-t lions in April amounted to ?r>77,OflO,0!M). Livestock p:AST y T. I OUTS. Til. Mnv 15. <UP'--Hr»cs: 9000-8500 salable. Ton. 14.20. 1^0-751 Ibs., H.OO-H.15. Mf-lfiO Ibs, 12.R5-13.fi5. Bulk sows. ]3.25-13.75. Cattle, 700. ."51. stews. 10.00-15.00. Mixed vearl.: aeifers, 11.00-12,50. PI. heifers. 9.50-14.00. Stocker, feeder .steers. 9.25-13.50, Chicago Wheat prev. open hi eh low close close May. I20vs 121 : S, 120 r *i 121'i 121 * ^ u J ( \ . * »j • i ( j t« • i . i i *- — ,,. *-« ,,. ••* Nazis Hurl Reserves Into Battle, Hoping To Save Situation MOSCOW, May 15 (UP)-> Red Army troops, scenting the kill, drove savagely through breaches in the German defenses before Khar- kov today and two powerful Russian armies were reported developing offensives' on key fronts between Leningrad and Moscow in the north. Front Hue dispatches to the. iirmy newspaper Red Star reported thc Russian forces' ripping through Gcrnmn fortlfiekl vintages, smash v - ln« knots of resistance and. continuing thoir advance over fields and along roads strewn with the bodies of hundreds of German dead, tunks and guns; N;ui Steam-Rollertd Thc German command threw fresh troops lino its lines Into"' :i vain attempt to save the fiituo- Uon by counter .RUacks, it was said, but the Russian drive steam-rol- lered over them. Bittnr fighting; continued throughout thc night, on thc Kharkov Front and In thc Kerch penimula of thc Crlmen. . , Tanks, flume throwers, infantry, Cossack calvalry. under 'an urn-', brclla of Stormovlk dive bomber rmr! lighter planes, swept- through pill boxes, earthworks and cn- tronchmcntfi before Kharkov. Dispatches from ; :the front reported thc Germans in disorderly rctrcnl;. In some -sectors, abandon-- iiUJ Iniuc storsK of : - ' equipment, gathered for an offensive of their own. •' . i. :;. Many Casualties Claimed The noon communique said two Russian units, attacking on a narrow sector, killed more than 1,750 Germans, captured 150, and took; eight. German Jie]o; v, six machine guns, 'two rinovtais, a tradij^, ; ? trannmittcr and A lai-ge quantity " ot assorted materials which ; are now being counted. . Inltonbther sector, "in a grim battle of tank against tank, the Russians force da water barrier and wedged into the enemy defense line. Desperately, the Germans threw a force of light infantry tanks into thc breach. Thc great Russian tanks, possibly including the new American triple turrcters. raked them with cannon fire and knocked ouh 20 Before thc enemy formation broke ind turned back, . . . . Front dispatches reported that lie Red Air Force : had :• wrested mastery of thc air from the Germans and was hammering enemy "ront lines and communications onstantly. - Luftwaffe Loses 28 Twonty-Eight German plai were bagged in 48 hours .on,-j ront alone, it was reported, eluding new model Heinkel-1 ind Meoserscmitt-109FS. Far to the north a . "rcsh Russian army under GenV EC. A. MercUsov .vas reported developing a major offensive in the Lake Ilmen area south of Leningrad. TliLs news was followed by cils- patches reporting that on the; Kalinin front between Lake Ilmen and Moscow the Russians were attacking heayily and with increasing weight, in what bade to be a third major offensive. Red Army troops in the Kalinin area have fought through stubborn « resistance to take a series of vitally important positions, it was asserted. Germans Gain in Crimea It was admitted that the Germans still made gains, though at frightful cost, in their relatively unimportant offensive in the Kerch Peninsula of the Crimea. There was no doubt that at every point alone: the 1.80D-mile line north of the Crimea, the Red Army, with hundreds of thousands of freshly trained men, using up- to-the-minute Russian. American and British equipment, held the initiative, Sturdy soldiers drawn from all 11 republics of the Soviet Union, were felling out the German strength. Intrepid guerrillas, who in normal times would now be thinking of their crops, were surging through forests over a vast area all the way from the Crimea to Leningrad, moving silently and springing with tigerish ferocity by night on isolated German outposts, garrisons and advanced airdromes. Strong as were the German defenses before Kharkov there seemed no doubt that now the entire position was endangered, and their, right flank, extending south to thc Crimea, might soon be imperiled.* Taking advantage of their break through the German lines, the Russians fanned out and were reported to be .constantly widening the hronch.

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