Mrs, Anna Gage, wifecf Ex- Deputy U/S, Marstnl, Columbus, Kin., says? «'I was delivered of TWINS in less than 90 minutes c^nd -'• with scarcely any pain after -using only two bottles of "MOTHERS' FRIEIfl)" DID NOT ST/PPEB HISTORY OF CAKklAGES. Evolution of the Finest of Latter- Day Vehiolea mailed tree. BBADFIEU* REGl'UTOB CO., • ATUNTAt' •' '• SOLD »r ALL DBI T GGISTS. f . . TIMETABLES. Lfavo for Chicago 3:laftD>i 5:00 am; 1. -lap m 'ii% a m; 12* i"*C „ m; 7:50 « m; Arrive from Bradford a :00 « m; 12:35 p m : 1 -JO pm eaveorn ;trrlTS from Eftner7;45 am: : leave for Blchroond 1:06 n mi ArrlYeUom" Richmond i:56 a ro; HOT am; 1:50 pm; 11:20 pm. Leave for Louisville ICstf a m: Itop in. Arrive from Lculsvllle U:05 a m; 1:55 p m, J. A. McCTJLLOUGH. Agent. Logansport The First Full-Fleileed Coach W»« Uiefl la Kopobllcan Koine-Royal Tnrn- ontu Wliloh Playoa Quito Counplcuons Furts. [Special New York Letter.] The carrige, a vehicle familiar to the street gamin of to-day, has a history which reaches way buck into the mazes of antiquity. Its first form was very primitive, and the products of the carriage builders of the various ancient nations ware in so far all alike that the box alwnys rested directly on the axles. \Vagons arc first spoken of in. the Bible and many ancient traditions and documents speak about war chariots and triumphal carriages used by' the ancients. The fust carriage used by private persons wns introduced in Rome about 350 years after its foundation. It was called the "pileutum," and was granted by the senate to the Roman ladies who had sacrificed their jewels in the interest of the republic. The privilege was rarely used, however, and up to the time of Augustus, the Roman ladies employed a sort of Sedan chair exclusively "on their travels and excursions. The "wagon of the Romans was called the "Carpentum," and consisted of an arched box resting on two wheels and drawn by one or two mules. The car-, pentum was often richly decorated. At a later period the patrician Romans Whak was the first one. to drive.a. Kix-ih-harid, and the earl 'of Northumberland tried to ridicule the new luxury by putting eight horses before his carriage. . . The. idea of renting out carriages ftiifi horses originated with a Frenchman in Paris, i\ T icholas Sauvage, in 3050, and Eince his house bore the nume "Hotel St. Fiacre" these coaches were generally called "fiacres." Sauvage soon found imitators and improvers, and only a few years later four-in-hands could beared for excursions to the country palaces which the conrt occupied alternately. hl^NISE BOG SMUGGLERS They Loam to Dodgo Customs Housa Officers on "Sight Trained tn a Most Elaborate Maori" tor the Wort of Carrying Contraband Tobacco from Gibraltar Into Spul 11. WEBT BOUND. 5 Loca" YMUbt,'.wpni dully e" Son..,W:EO p m S St. Louis llmltod daily, -oW DO-U ..... J(>.;i.P ™ ? fast Mali iiBllr. 'old ™ ^-^iv" » vi S o 41 ... S.U p m fast Mai iiBr. o -^iv" » vi 7 Kansas City express dally old no 41 ... S.U p m 5 "ac express dally ex Sun 'old no « ... JU J» a m Ho ' BAST BOUND. 2 N. J! . 4 Boston Jim d Oally 'OKI no 42.. 2:41 la m - NOS5 . . EEt. RIVER DIVISION. WEST BOUND. ' ..... ..... -••• EAST BOUND. ' . No S» leave MNDALiA RUSSIAN TELEGA. IND. Ho 20 for St Joseph, So 18 to St Joseub ^unuy on y ............ • No 8 exSundiiyfortJoutn BsnU ............. 8 Jo p m - .naollsto , ..... unduy on y o 8 exunii ............. No 4-Uas turongh parlor car, Ir.Ulnnapollsto South Btnd via ColitiX. . . « n No M has tliiousln'.eei>eis,St -Louis to Mackl FOR THE SOUTH H. Indianapolis Tin Colfiix. . ... No 21 has througti Sleeper, Mnckloaw to St. Arrives No ID dully except Sunday ................... »g P ™ " Cr, 'E. A. TordT General Passenger Agent, St. Louis, Mo. A SHORT JOURNEY TO CALIFORNIA .IN FIRST CLASS STYLE The Southern Pacific Co ••SUNSET LIMITED" TRAIN. Over the Sunset Route-New Orleans : : to'- •' Los Angeles and San Francisco. Wfta. discontinued 'April ICth. The. wperlor acc.ornmodatloBS K^ et > tbb . f r«t number of p»trons o£ the above fc»Inv during the pas: .tourist season, warrants :<h<v announcement of plans rtt- next 'season of finer 'service with ,qalpto(;nt superior to anything yet known In-transcontinental traffic. Look- for early re-Jnangnratioo of "gCNSKT LIMITED" this fall. For Home Seekers. Ibe Southern Pacific Co. "Sunsei Boote" In connection with tbv "Queen »rid Crescent Route" are rncnlng the only line of through tourist Pullman Bleepers leaving Cincinnati ever, Thawday eyenlng for Los Angeles and Ban Francisco. . • ' These excursions are specially co&- incted, and the object Is to enable thont- wt>o do not care to buy the flrst-clasf round trip or one way tickets, to enjoy • comfortable ride with sleeping car »rlTUegee anil no change of care at the ««ry low second-class rate. For. further Information, addrew « . H. CONNOK, Commercial Agt 8. P. •*., Cincinnati, O. W. G. NEIMTEB, G. W. Agt. 8. P •fc, Chicago, W. _ B. F. MOKSB, G..P. A T. Agt 8. P go., New Orleans, La, used a four-ivh'eeled carriage called the "Carrucne," and the Roman "swells" tried to outdo ea-ch other in the elegance of. their turnouts. • • The knightly costumes of the middle ages and the wretched condition of the roads interfered seriously with the use. of carrages at that period and the'noble ladies generally traveled on horseback 'like their lords. Men and women fostered the noblo sport of horseback riding; only monks and, women using donkeys as a matter of greater comfort. As late as the beginningof the sixteenth century the aldermen in the cities went to council meetings on horseback. When covered coaches made' their appearance in Germany, at the beginning of the sixteenth century, they were used only by the noblest ladies, men disdaining to ride in them. The first carriage with suspended box which is mentioned in medieval history served Queen Isabella at her official entrance in Paris in 1405. Fifty years later the envoys of Ladislaus,V.,kingoi Hungary and Bohemia, presented the French queen with a "suspended and richly-decorated carriage," which caused ereat admiration at the French court. This carriage was not imitated, however for under the reign of Francis 1. only .two such coaches existed in Pans, one of which belonged to the queen, the other to the king's mistress, Diofia of Poitiers. Special .permission was granted occasionally. to ladies of the highest rank to use similar vehicles, but in 1503 the 'parliament of Paris requested the kin" to forbid the use of carriages in the. city, and this decree was strictly enforced .afterwards. Even under Henry IV. carriages were, rare objects, the .king possessing only one, for common.use with the'queen. The . carriage in which Henry was murdered was assort of cart, resting on the axles, with u leather roof and leather curtains. The decree of the parliament of Paris was not unique, as other countries also prohibited the use of carriages, some goin"- so far as to make, it a fclony.for the lower nobility and other vnssnls to \n-rnncl tournament in R'-ippin (150°). tinder the Elector Joachim ol Brandenbur"- was attended by the wife of that ruler in a. gilded carriage,.while her suite occupied 12 richly^ccoratcd car- CABRIAGB OF THE TEAR 1660, They, were called: "Voitures pour la suit de 1» cour." . The practical Dutchmen did not regard the evolution of the carriage with much .favor, for in 1603 the use of carriages was prohibited in Amsterdam, "to save the costly'pavement," as the edict said. The carriag-e in which the wiie'ot Charles of Aujou accompanied her husband in his entry into Naples must have been a real gein. Au old historian says: "She rode in a caretta upholstered with blue velvet, embroidered with g-oJden jleur-de-Hs, the like of which Neapolitans had never seen before. This luxury spread from Naples over all Italy. It cannot be ascertained whether .the extended use of carriages spread from Italy or not, but no nation is as enthusiastic about carriages as the Italians and especially the Neapolitans, may the vehicles be ever so primitive. JSo- where cnn be seen more stylish carriages than in Palermo. But it is said that these elegant carriages which cause so much admiration on the corso ere often owned by several parties, wlio exercise the strictest system of economy in their household to be abls> to in- fiulq-e in Hie luxury of an elegant turnout" It is also remarkable that the occupants of these carriages, ladles and children, always peak out from closed windows and drawn curtains. ' This fact reminds -one of the ' svvert waters," the favorite place for carriage riding with the Turkish ladies of Constantinople. It is peculiar that the cristocratic ladies of the harem use an ox cart of the most primitive construction The box rests directly-on the axel's and the wheels are simple wooden disks Curtains protect_the occupants against inquisitive glances and the slow ,-ait of the animals, as wel^as-a number of black-attendants who surround the carriage, prevent any possibility of a rriisha-p. „. , The coaches in the Flowery Kingdom, which are awkwardly constructed of There is a port of the world where the dog population is largely engaged in unlawful occupation. This is ia Gibraltar and the adjoining Spanish territory, Men who live by smuggling take advantage of the intelligence and docil- itv of the dog to make him do their- work a.nd take thVrisk without sharing in the profits. Smuggling is peculiarly profitable and attractive in this region, because Gibraltar is. a port where everything- is admitted free, of duty, and Spam is B country which imposes a tremendously high duty on cigars and mokes the manufacture of tobacco a government monopoly. Even high officials and members of the Spanish governor's staff smuggle tobacco when they return from a visit to Gibraltar. One ingenious smuggler used to keep H flock of turkeys with which he journeyed between Gibraltar and Spam. Under wieh wing of every turkey was a half pound o£ tobacco. The Spanish' customs officers found out the_trick one day and there was an. end to it. The dogs arc the most successful sraug'g-li'i's of all. They are trained for the work in the most elaborate ma.nner.. Before being actually started on their nmun-gling career they undergo a oovtr?e of training, each being- taken out for a walk in the country, by his master, A friend of the latttr, dressed in an old Cmibinero's uniform, and a.rmcd with a bludgeon, hides himself somewhere on the .route the dog and his owner intends to pursue. The dog is- encouraged to go forward, and immediately he comes within reach of the hidden counterfeit officer the latter catches hold of the animal and gives him n sound drubbing with his weapon. After a few lessons of this kind, the dog's intelligence tenches him to carefully av,oid anybody dressed in the hated uniform, as he has souvenirs of wearers of it on every part of his body. A Sandy isthmus separates Gibraltar 'from the Spanish mainland. It was almost imjfcssiblc to catch all the tobacco laden dogs that ran across this . . Pnenrnonl*. Mri. A. J. Lawrence, of Beaver, Fa, •»yt: "BrMili»n Balm brongmltne OOt of » wrer* attack .of,-..pneumonia in; •plendld shSipe. IH» » wonderful remedy -for.cou(;hs »nd Inng troubles. Alep for 9Ptw»rd die;.- for .-fount; cold wre*' and chipped hands and face, it caret like mule. It ia invaluable in the I»w- tij." ..BAST .INDIAN STATE POACH, riages of crimson -vcivet. 'At the coronation of Emperor Maximilian in 1563 the archbishop of Cologne and his suite appeared in 14 carriages. A.chronicler describes the carriage used by the empress of Mathias ol Austria during hi? entry' into Vienna, (1611) as "covered with perfumed leather," 'while Count Khevenhuller, speaking of the marriage of Ferdinand I., says: "The bride with her sisters rode in a gorgeous, golden- broideVed'carriage, the noble ladies of her suite followed in black velvet, and the rest of the women in neat leather coaches." The fashionable ladies of England at an: earlier period.had J:o-resign all comfort during a .carriage ride until In 1564 a Dutchman, named Wilm Bobnen, introduced the.first coach,- for which the queen ,appoulr.ted him."royal carriage builder.", Several highborn ladies iecelved permission 1 to use the new vehicles; which caused great astonishment, in the rural .counties., wherever one of these ladle's happened to travel. The celebrated': prbhibltlbnary bill cgainst carriages.and their .increasing use woe issued .50 years later, but without notable effect. The duke of Buck- - TURKISH "ARABA.." tho hardest woods, are a torture to the- lorei-n traveler, who generally prefers a horse or donkey. The carriage, used. bv the emperor of China on. solemn occasions reminds-one- of the antique •iorms of the EOma'i, and Greek chariots • The most magnificent carriages which 1-ave ever been used by crowned heads -re surpassed however, by the fair.y- )'ke coaches and. sleighs .of the-, late .King Louis II. of Bavnria, which no Yi5itor to Munich An atmospheric pin.-xiO-mci.io::, -.minding one somewhat "of the story of: Gideon's fleece, is vouched for by the newspapers of Montreal, Can. It is often dry tinder trees -when the rest of' the ground, is .wet, but'the Canadian' scribes aver that, on a recent morning- the ground was. dry everywhere except under the trees. Kain, seemed to fall through the branches of the latter. \n explanation is. given to the'effect that during the previous -night a cold. wind had chilled the trees, that afterward a hot wave of moist air had passed over them without touching the ground and had deposited its heavy moisture upon them..and the morning sun had caused "the drops to fall from the branches. "Where a tree was sheltere-l by houses hardly ,1 drop of rain was found bcnrath i^ ' ' ' Chinese writers claim .tHat tbcculti-. vation of'wheat was introduced into the Celestial empire by Emperor Shin- rnn,g 2.7' 1 0 years'before Christ. • SICK HEADACHE Last Piece hung,—and the day but just begun!" All women who have no time and strength to waste, who want snowy clothes _ and soft hands should use the famous SOAP ClAUS The best and purest soap. Made for laundry, and general house use. Sold everywhere. Made only by THE N. K. FAIRBANK COMPANY, Mm Kt^i-i nrtrfc?.rt.C.i.'s-\f7l • ——- — ' THE GREiT SOUTH HBEBKM BMSHH • •• s+t iOff . . . Ill _..,. . ' They alrowlicve Distress from Dyspepsia, Indigestion wid^too Hearty Eatir,g- ..'.A _'pcr-.' feet-remedy' for 'Dizziness? : Nau'sca,; P.row'si- ness.BiaT^tem'theHbuthJCbitcd-'Tongue ; pain:in tKe'Si^e,- TORPIB'tiyER./-' • Tney RegulitetheBowdi.' - : PuraVeet»tte. • " A CANINE TOBACCO SMUGGLER. tract. A high wire' netting was therefore stretched across it from sea to sea.. Now the Jogs have to swim in order •to outwit the custom house . The smug.- Ming by dogs is carried on from .-^number of hulks, which arc anchored in the hay opposite the English territory On these, hulks men are occupied all rlav Joiiff in making up tobacco in small, convenient packages, tied up m u-n.n.rpi-oof paper. Toward, sundown men rnav be wen coming from LaLinea in the ,-iirection cf Gibraltar, accom- par-Kl by :>. suspicious number of dogs. M"n amUloirsall embark in a boat, and TOW or ;'i-cVotvoO, out. to file hulks at anchor, ai)fl, once on boiml. th't; pack- fin-cs of tobacco are- carefully fastened nround the, hodu-s o.i the clogs and covered witirsackiniT, care being taken not to overtake the animals. . . \s soon, as night, falls the -dogs- are a-n-in phicud in the boats, and arc quietly rowed toward the Spanish shore, and when, a short distance from it, they are gently' placed in the water at' short intervals MicT leftto swim ashore. Zobraa Prcs»nci Inlo Service. .Zebras are of tho equine race, but • difler from them in a. degree o:f wildness RO marked that for a long time they • were regarded as untamable. This was n mistake, .as recent attempts 'at train- in"- them have proved. In Africa,, where •horses' are rather scarce and easily succumb to' the heat and insect pests, the «ta"-e driver's have pressed x.ebras into service, with fcneoiiraffing 1 results: The first, step is -to- get the zebra to work with n, horse; nnd then with one of its own kind. .They are not. by any means gentle, and never lose .T chance. to bite. nud kick a stranger; but to one they. •know they' are quiet, enough.. One driver, near- Krucgersdorf, drives a team of ten zebras, and it is said to be- a splendid sight, -to 'see these beautiful • animals running at breakneck speed, and watch the 1 wonderful. skill with which the driver keeps them in hand. gnlt»n'« Sunlty Questioned. \ German newspaper baldly asserts that the ruler of the Turkish empire is a lunatic; and gives good and sufficient reason for its belief.' During his fits of in-nnitv' his -predominating passion is a frenzied hatred, against the Armen- -lans. So terrible have these> fits,, become that the sultan's attendants often 'dare not enter his cabinet. . In. -fact,. all their energies' are required : to dodge: thi-ir infuriated monarch, who rusnes fnirn hall to hall', talking to himself. A short time ago, it ia added; the sultan, ST/ a fit of madness, shot a courtier who nawoned to make- a motion. w,th-hw am and which the soveu^gn chose -to ••onsider suspicious. . Sometim.es,<>n 'thf other hand, the sultnii hnsfitsofun- • nt -arUcateriy . cunts • RADICALLY CURES I It clears the head of foul mucous ; heals the sores and ulcers 'of the head and throat; sweetens- the breath, .«nd perfectly restore* the senses of the taste, smell and hearing. Stops headache, and dropping into the throat Also destroys the germ which, cause* 1 HAY FEVER. ImakinK a perfect cure in a few days. Never fails! ^o7atal'caseo* T .AGR-tPP3 ever know* where Brazilian Bali,' s faithlnirynsea. M destro*' \eerippegennandquicklyremoveo ! -lth; ir bad effect. ' . •' . . NFLt L| BLE in ASTHMA, CROUP. Bw>*« -"V PSSDMOKIA, DYSPEPSIA. , , PSSDMOKIA, DYSPEPSIA. VTISM, TYPHOID and SCABXS* MEASLES, and any disease wheia e aflommation, Fever or Cocges^iOB. Greatest relief in Consnm-jtiori evejr ds«« covered. Fresh Cold ia one day. Sto G»r the fitBi cH H . a. Invaluable In femsle twnWe"; bffi O cURBFOBf WNSTlPAYlON AND PILES. W^&^S^KSS^^ Best Family Medicine tn Existed 60 Cent BotUe contains 100 Doses, or Two Weeks Treatment for Catarrh. 91.00 BOTTte EQUALS THKBg OOc. BOTTLES. HOME TESTIMONIALS: r ALL BRUTS B- p. JACKSON & CO., Cleveland, jfe * "or «lc by the foUotclBB a™«ta* : 8. P. B-tob-r, Jol,n«n Bro,, ^. H. Bringburst, G. W. Hoffman, D. B. Pryor. Q. M. Means. H. D. Hattory .anfl A. R. Kistler. j. w. tmall tifnalt DOM. Smell Price. A POPULIST LEADER. Locdy, the Silver Cftndlrtato for Governor of Kansas. J W Leody, theponulietnoniiTieefor povej-nor of Kansas., was born on. ft. farm, reared on'a farm, and has followed agricultural-'pursuits, during- the 47 years of his life-' He was borrtln Eichland'o«unty, O., butitwasnotuntil 1SS1 that he tried Kansas. In that year he oou^ht a farm in Coflee county, and about three years age- he moved up to Leroy and went into live stool: dealing. When the Missouri Tacific brought its lines into that port of the state Jlr. I^edv was employed in the construe- tiarTdepwrtmeat of the road. Mr. Leedj is a recent .addition .to the. ranks of the- politicians.^ Until four years ago he took small interest in local or national aflairs, contenting himself with voting the democratic ticket, regardless Of populists nominated Him for the state- Ecr.otc from the district made up o£ 'Coffee and Franklin counties. .One* having accepted the nomination he went about the campaign with a will, and discovered to his amazement that, he could make a rattling speech. -Applause became sweet to his ears andte • soon became a powerful orator. _Today Mr, I*cdy is, perhaps, the oett catch-as-catch-caii debater the pop*-:. lists have. He won by a handsomema- jor ty and was a, member of the iegislar ture of 1S93, when the house wasdivid- ed into a dual organization and whicV caused comment over all Uie country. ', la ihorriment, he-Una reason to^believe that the powers - cannot, - agree : on meaaurw ' HON. 3. W. LEEDT.' opinion SB to its personnel. In 1892 tlie IT IS TRUE. A Uorso'a Head I* a* TJarrcl. a* A Flour arr. . • It is probable that at first thought. most.persons would ta inclined to doubt; the agcuraoy of tl.e old saying that *. horse's head "is as-long as a flour ba^ ; rel. Flour barrels-.vary somewhat ar length. Some are made stouter .and; shorter, some slender and a little high-, cr. An average flour barrel is aoout*' inches in height. A roan to whom the old saying was;: familiar made up his mind thr^oUier d^, says the New York Sun, to%e for hiniself just how near right it was art-, he measured .the beads of three borae*.' One of these horses, was .said to na«, rather a large head for !>*!«; itTVMnt' . very big horse. Thi S ^^ *«*.«• elusive of the ears, meadured 28 inches !a length. The heads *-^**°<**;* horses, which were: hor*»;of lair.«»• B« size-.with arferage.head», mea«ttna,i on l, 27 inche., the other 27% ^toW Bo that this investigator discovered ttat; the old saying was substwttally true. . „•„!
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