The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on October 12, 1944 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Thursday, October 12, 1944
Page 1
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Sufcscrifcw Who Fail To K«e,Vc TAcir Paper By 6 P. M.My Tcfcphonc 2573 Before 6:30 P. M. And It Will Be Delivered BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPRB nw wrnjT»iiH»nT AnirA»io»o ..,„— • '"' «»-^ f f 9*S DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP VOI,. XLI—NO. 176 Blythevllle Dally News Blythevllle Courier Blythevllle Herald Mississippi Valley Leader ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI liLYTHEVILLR. ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, OCT01WK 12, ]<M4 U. 8. INFANTRY SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS 1000U.S.Warplanes In Raid On Formosa, Tokyo Radio Reports •••.-•• By United Press Radio Tokyo today announced the biggest Japanese base guarding the Philippines has taken a terrific pounding from the greatest American air fleet ever launched in the Pacific VVH!'. '•.;The Japanese communique said 1000 American planes have attacked the island fortress of Formosa, which lies south of Ja.pap and 80 miles off the China coast. •..".•The.enemy said the gigantic battle of the skies began at 7 this morning, Japanese time, and was still continuing eight hours later. The Japs claim 100 of the raiders were shot down during the first six hours of the widespread attack. •There has been no word on the t : _____ raid'.from Allied headquarters. Radio Tokyo said the principal targets of the attack were the three key cities on Formosa's railway system, Takno, .Tainan and Talchu. However, it may he that later reports will reveal the raiders were in search of far bigger game, the main Japanese fleet. Fleet's Hiding place ; Formosa in the past has served as a refuge for the Imperial Fleet and perhaps Is Its present hiding place. The enemy communique says the attacking planes swooped down on ibelr. island targets 'from sides.". "both It is possible that General Cheii- nault sent planes from his 14th Air Force from China to join carrier.. based raiders in the Formosa attack. \Only Monday, the famed Task Force -58 struck .its crippling blow at the Ryukyus, the chain of ene.- . my defense, bases extending troiri Formosa almost up to . nese "hornelahd. ' ' ^ Japa..,... 'Ana- it is. significant that -radio Tokyo -.had reported the armada" B6.."stm- lurking .in the vicinity." '• Fttilil* I. , i. f JIBC" E;' •-' J.TpSll . -f 1 OCt China.; 50 years ago,', is one of the most: .vital targets, in the pacific and. its . destruction would, seriously cripple 'Japan's defense of the Philippines; Ch'ina.ahd the home land.! . The oval-shaped Island lies only 100 miles north of Mindinao and was 1 the springboard from which Franklin Store Will Open Here New Concern Located In Afford Building On West Main Street ' • ' '*)' The new Ben Franklin Store of Blytheviile will begin • business tomorrow with a two-day opening planned to herald another firm's establishment here. • Located across from Ritz Theater in the'two-story Alford building, a remodeling program is Hearing completion to greatly improve appearance of that block. Owners of the new variety store flrm are J. C. McMahan of Searcy and L. C. Rogers of Earle with Mr. McMahan as active manager; in charge. ; Remodeling, of the building for the new large store is complete, ex- ce'pji-IOr.-trie^dlsplay wlhdo'ws"'whlch will be finished within a few days! . The ^partition between two! former stores was removed to convert the entire building into a large store "with a balcony office and the second floor to be used for stock and an apartment residence. Modern fixtures have been iri- ., .— j „...- ..,..i[i£uu(ll Vi AIUI11 WM1V1I i II J 1 ,1, ' >-•.»» ».. the ,enem v launched Its invasion of stalled ' alon 5 with up lo date show the Philippines. '.- caws-and ofher-equipment-used In ; 'Wainwright Held There . - i marketing variety store merchan- Formosa has a population around .three million and is .the site of the largest Japanese camp for American prisoners of War. Gen- . i'" of «: er'al l.Walnwrlght is there. imprisoned Radio Tokyo also said American bombers were continuing their steady hammering of Japan's source of aviation fuel on Borneo. -..The- enemy says 100 Liberators with a fighter escort hit refineries ' and airdromes at Balikpapan again Tuesday.- , And' Allifcci communiques report other'bombers carried out attacks on widespread enemy bases through the centra! and southwest Pacific. Meanwhile, the former Tokyo bureau manager of the United Press predicted in a Canadian broadcast this morning that Premier Koiso would- be forced to leave Japan's top cabinet post. The United Press man, Robert Belalr,' pointed out that the Japanese premier was given his present -post because of the military reverses of General Tojo. But Koiso has not been able to Improve the empire's situation. .Therefore, said Belair, Koiso is on his way out. Loss Is Heavy As Barn Burns On Burks Farm One of the most serious farm fires. In this section recently oc- curred'last night when fire destroyed a mortem barn on the A. P. Burks farm at Clear Lake, along with about a dozen hogs, much hay, corn, machinery, harness and miscellaneous farm articles used for farming more than 100 acres. only four mules and a few hogs were saved wlln exact number of swine undetermined early today because many which fled from the burning building had. not yet returned. The barn would cost approximately $«MO to replace, in addition to loss of about 20 tons of hay, all of the corn harvested from his 45 acres, except one acre not gathered, a large amount of machinery and tools, all of the harness and the hogs. , -The fire was discovered about fl o'clock by Mrs. Burks who noticed a [Ight outside. The northwest corner of the large building was In flames already with neighbors arriving In cars after noticing the fire 'from a distance. M( of the residents in this farming section six and a hnlf miles cast,of Blytheville gathered to assist but it was possible only to open the gate to the main entrance EO . the stock could get free from the flames. Tliis store Is a unit of the largest 5 cent to SJ variety'stores in the country with the Blytheville Ben Franklin Store Number 2460. In addition to stores in every state there also are such.firms in Cuba, Hawaii and several foreign countries, all of whom are affiliated with Butler Brothers, the largest distributors of general merchandise in the world. These distributing centers are at New York, Baltimore, Chicago, St. Louis, Minneapolis, San Francisco and Dallas to afford the moving of merchandise rapidly from all sources into the Blytheville store, it »'jis pointed out. The two owners, both of whom arc life-long residents of Arkansas, chose Blytheville for their investment after a careful survey over a wide area, they said today. "Blythcville is the center of a growing section populated with people who appreciate such a business as ours, we have learned," Mr. McMahan,said discussing reasons for selecting Blytheville for a. business and his home. Mr. McMahan, during the most of the past 23 years, has traveled throughout Arkansas calling upon retail merchants with much of his time devoted to selling of such merchandise to be handled in this variety store. The other owner long has been a druggist at Earle. Mr. and Mrs. McMahan and daughter, Betty Ann, 10, already have moved here and are occupying the apartment on the second floor of the Ben Franklin Store building. Ark-Mo Workers ill Ballot On Union Question NLRB Orders Election On Affiliation \Vith Labor Organization Collecllve bargaining elections will be held in 17 towns of North- qaM, Arkansas and Southeast Missouri at some date before Nov. 9 to determine whether certain em- ployes of Arkansas-Missouri Power Company will affiliate with a union. .James Hill Jr.. president of the company distributing electric power in flC towns and communities and having seven ice plants, said today that tlie election would be held on an agreed date made by the National Labor Relations Bonn! and the company. , Elections will be held at these (owns in Arkansas: Blytheville, Rector. Mammoth Springs, Hardy, Walnut Ridge, Corning, Pocahontas, snd these towns in Missouri: Ca- r'uthcrsville, Kennetl, Hayti, Poplar Bluff, Piedmont, Bismarck, rctra! Iroritori, stcclc and Porlagevlllc where eligible workers are employed. Order Follows Hearing The -National Labor Relations Board ordered the election yesterday at Washington after a hearing held at the request of the Utility Workers Organizing Committee (OIO). Tliis followed a hearing here Sept.. 1 for discussion of questions concerning the possible election, which came after a petition was filed by William R. Henderson of Little Rock, OIO sub-regional director, Utility Workers Organizing Committee CIO, which stated the power company had refused to recognize the UWO, CIO as the exclusive bargaining agent for its production and 'maintenance employed. , Highlight of the hearing was argument" of; whether v-certaln em- ployes would be -included In the election. In the order received yes- terdny, the- National Labor Relations Board ruled that all plant operators, plant helpers, linemen, linemen helpers, service men, maln- terfance men' and helpers, meter testers, repair: men, storekeepers and .'store, clerks of the company engaged .in..the production and maintenance of electric power would constitute a unit appropriate for purposes of collective bargainUig. Some Denied Vote The company, at the hearing, asked that in addition to these that the chief plant operators, line foremen, maintenance foremen and combination local managers-service men be permitted to vote, which was denied. : , Defiled also by the NLRB was request .of'the company that eligible employes now on leave In the armed forces be permitted to vote by mall in this election. The board ruled that any of these employes an leave who presented themselves at tlie polls 'ould be entitled to vote In the election but they must be there in person, it was announced. It is understood there are 89 employes who are eligible to vote under rulings made by the boa/d. In a previous election held among certain employes, it was voted not to affiliate the group with a union. In discussing the coming elections today in the 17 towns, Mr. Hill said: "We will comply with all rules set by the National Labor Relations Board and will be ready to hove the election at the agreed date which must he prior to Nov. 9, according to the order." Friend Relates Deeds Of Gridders Overseas J. P. Friend- was guest speaker at the luncheon meeting of the Blythevllie Rotary Club today at Hotel Noble. Mr. Friend gave a resume of the war achievements of former members of the Blytheville football team who are either now overseas with the armed forces, or who have returned from overseas service. Only guest in addition to Mr. Friend was Jimmy rurnell, Junior Rotarlan for the month. G/nrungs To Oct. 7 Total 59,894 Bales The 1944 cotton harvest in Mississippi County Is almost 10,000 bales behind that of last year on the same date. There had been 59,894 bales ginned from this year's, crop, prior to Ocl. 1, wl.'ile up to the same date a year ago there had been 68,484 bale* ginned, according to C. C. Danehower of Luxora, official cotton statistician. Late Bulletins K. ROME, Ocl. 1Z (UP)—A great tied of American flying Fortresses ami Liberators ripped lip German military inslallillons In the outskirts of Kolognii 16- iluy. Air forte commanders said • if was the greatest ever hurled against a single target by the United State islli Air Force. MOSCOW, Ocl. 12 (UP) — Premier Slalln announces that the Soviet Stroll,! Ukrainian Army has raptured Oradea, a Transylvnnlnii rail Junction near llic Hungarian border. Cadet Awarded Air Medal In Ceremony Here At formal parade ceremonies held on the drill field last Monday afternoon, S-Sgt. Roy P. SleUon, Of Slstersville, W. Va., an aviation student in Class 44-J, was presented the Air Medal by Col. Landon. The citation read: "For meritorious achievement while participating in aerial (light from Oct. I, 10-12, to May 31, 1943," Sergeant Stetson is the first cadet to receive such on award at this field. For 18 months he served as radio operator in B-18s and A-20s on patrol over the Dutch West Indies. While returning to Curacao one day, his plane was notified by radio of the presence of an enemy sub marine In the vicinity.- After search- Ing for an hour and a half, they sighted the raider and, when It surfaced, they sank it with depth bombs. Returning to the United States, Sergeant stetson was accepted as an aviation student and now he hopes to return to the combat zones at the .controls of his own plane. Salt and starch innkc a good patching plasted for small holes In home walls. LONDON, Ocl. 1Z (UP)—The Czechoslovak Government In exile announced tonight thai ' Ciechoslavnk troops fought their way through (| lc Dukla I'ass in the Carputliluai and liberated tlieir first homeland village on Ocl. C. WASHINGTON, Ocl. 12. (UP) — —The War Department said today that Camp McCain, Grenada, Miss., has been declared surplus and will Iw abandoned on or'br- foc-r October 15th. McCain, formerly a training camp, has been inactive for some time. ^ Contributions For Community Chest Continue Volunteer subscriptions continue to swell the Blythcville Community Chest Fund, with the total i now more'thnn two-thirds of that required to finance the fund for an-' other year, it was announced to- lay; - , ..',' .- ' ' 'Numerous Blytheville people, who .11 ways supported' 'the fund Hi'^ve not yet sent'i'ih. their, checks'and anplher.'-appeal is:' bn)ng'irnBde~'d those to make their contributions this week; : . ; ( i Harry W. Haincs. fund 'Chairman, In commenting on the campaign to date, said "If the Blytheville Library. the Boy and'-Glrl 'Scouts, the Goodfellows fund,' the school band, the Parent Teachers : assocla- lions. the cemetery association's, the Social Welfare fund and other local agencies which' participate In Ihe fund are to have the funds necessary for their continued operation another year, it is Imperative that all o(ir people who ordinarily contribute lo these local acllvl- ties make their contributions without delay. The Community Fund is not to be confused with any other money raising effort. All Community Fund contributions are used solely for local purposes and for the sole purpose of carrying on our usual community activity which depends upon public con-, tributlons. Blytheville people have supported activities for many years and we are confident they will continue to do so this year. The Community Fund serves the purpose of financing all agencies in one lump sum and does away with tlie haphazard and old time method of calling on our people for money at, every month In the year. We have put no soliciting committees on the strcels as yet and hope to raise our budget without doing so. it those who have not made their contribution will mall or send their checks this week we hope to have the fund completed without having to call on a group of men nnd women to give their time to personal solicitation. I know that many persons have simply neglected lo mail their checks, and. on behalf of all the participating agencies, I again urge them to do so today— with their help we will get the job done." Contributions may be mailed to in. Blytheviilc Community Kind or delivered to the Chamber of Commerce office in the City Hall, or may be delivered to any member of the fund board or participating organization, all of which arc listed above. Of the $7815 sought, $5342 has been contributed. Suffers Gash On Wrist UfANILA, Ark., Oct. 12—Mrs. "Bud" Wortham cut her wrist so severely last night that three stitches were required to close the wound. The accident occurred while she was washing dishes at her home, following supper. • No human voice can come close to Imitating the song of the birds, according to scientists-. Livestock ST. LOUIS, Oct. 12 (UP)— Hog receipts 6,500 head, with 5,000 salable. Top price $14.70. 150-240 pounds $14,70. 120-HO pounds $13.25-14.25. Sows $13,95. Cattle receipts 0,000 head with. 4,400 salable. Calves 2,200 head, all salable. Slaughter steers $9.25-17.25; slaughter heifers 8.CKM6.50. Stockcr and feeder steers 7.50-13,00, THROUGH AACHEN jy On Verge Of Q ——-———* • *~ . • *^w Truman Favors Power Projects Similar To TVA Says Power Dams Will Help Solve Problem Of Flood Control NEW ORLEANS, Oct. 12 (Ul'> — Senator Harry B. Truman said today, In an early morning radio talk pointed at (arm audiences, that projects patterned after the Tennessee Valley Authority on other large tributaries ol the Mississippi river would bo a major step toward a'permanent solution of Hood con- Irol problems. Tim Democratic nominee for the vice presidency spoke'over a,special hookup ol Mississippi valley radio'stations In the first ol the two '."jion-politlcal" addresses on Hood ,^,'pontrol. The second was scheduled for n luncheon session today of the'Mississippi Valley Association. . . . iTfumnn Joined President Roosevelt In advocating a''Missouri Valley Authority, similar to the Tennessee Valley Authority lo provide nn Integrated program of flood control Irrigation and power dcv- fclo'pwent along the Missouri river. > Noten ,'Morc, has:-bee'n dene ,ln Ihe past 12 - years lo combat floods Hum ever before, Truman; staled, and added that a flood control program must be an Integral part of n move comprehensive plan "lo control our rivers and to make them our servants Instead ot our maslors". According to Truman, water could bD Impounded In reservoirs to restrain flood writers, provide a source of power,, promote' soil conservation, assist navigation and provide Irrigation .water, .when needed i In dry' periods. 4 , ''-.•. ."H takes years to plan and complete,projects of this limBnltyde and the cost .Is beyond private inqniis," Truman snld.' The problems of''flood control would be on Its way toward a permanent solution..according ft the senator, If an authority,'similar to the TVA , could, be Bet up for the,, Missouri .-and several other of the great .rivers of;tho country. Says Attacks Ceased .•Attacks on the Tennessee Valley' Authority had ceased, he said, "Just as the success of the other great reforms of th'e thirties ended attacks upon them," nnd that other sound projects can be developed Iroin TVA experience. In conclusion,. Truman said that residents of the Missouri Valley nnd others must be relehved of the flood dangers, as the people of Ihe Tennessee Valley were, and "floods will be ended, power for new Industries' ;created, fertilizer made available to'farmers 'at low prices and without heavy freight charges, electric lights for all and cheap electricity for the home and farm, water for Irrigation and many oilier benefits loo numerous to relate". . Truman will leave tonight lor Los Angeles, where he will deliver the first "political" address of his 7500 mile campaign lour Monday 'night. Rites Held In Memphis For Mrs. Agnes Wilson MEMPHIS, Oct. 12,—Services for M>s. Agnes Wilson, widow of W. A. Wilson, fanner of Mississippi County, will be held-at 3 this afternoon at Parkview Presbyterian Church. Burial will be In Memorial Park. Mrs. Wilson died at the home of her daughter, Mrs. R J. Ballard, yesterday morning. She was 57. Born near Dassctt, Ark., Mrs. Wilson and her daughter lived near Joiner, Ark., until eight years ago, when they moved to Memphis. In addition to her daughter, she leaves a brother, George Hill of Bassctt, and a sister, Mrs. Ella Harrison of Joiner. 3 Russian Columns Converge On Panic-Stricken Budapest; Armistice Asked, Report Says ISy United Pro.*, Germany is losing it,s ! lnsl'.jiily. lhmgm-.v, its iivmie.s (lefci\lfcd,,!ls country invaded, lorlnv •seemed nliont ready lo <|iiil. tlie wnr. In fad, Ihu Hnlis'li rmlic) siiicl "The Hinit'iirinnwlmvc KoUen. in touch with llio Allies, .•iskiiurTor. mi wmisticti." The Iii'omleaxl, iiuoLing a Swedish report, .snys Hint "If Uio results are siiUsriietory, it's likely tliul u Huuguriiiii delegation will go lo Moscow .shortly." And, significantly, Hungary's dc-* 'i tense minister was scheduled to make mi Important speech to Hiir- liament today. The surrender of Hungary would bo.of llrsl rato mlll- tm-y Importance. First, 11 would open u way Into KOulhorn Oermnny. And, second, It would cut oil most, of the forces Germany has- left, tu the lialkiins. Greeks In Control Those German troops already aro facing disaster. Greek patriots now control all the 'I'hrace-Maccdonln section of eastern Orccco, despite the fact that nulgnrfmi occupation forces have not yel withdrawn. United Press Wur Correspondent Leon Kay, llrst American Jonnml- Ibt to visit the urea, salcl the Greeks are united on one point'. Tlioy don't want King George to return until n popular election decides whether the nation wnnts Mm. Elsewhere In the Balkans. American troops have nnlshed moijplng- up operations In Unit area of Albania Just Inland from the port of Saramlc. Romanian King Michael has Just signed decrees authorizing punishment of Romanian war criminals. And Russian troops arc wlthli •12 nines of Budapest; ,. .'',';' Panto in Capital V, • Turkish reports'wild panic Is gripping the city, ns the Russian army TODAY'S WAR ANALYSIS Allied Armies Out To Finish Ruhr Industry By JAMES HARPER United Press Staff Writer Two great; Allied nlr forces tried lor thrcu yours to stamp out the production of GUI maiiy's Ruhr vnl- iey. Now three great Allied armies are cloning In to finish the Job. : American soldiers 'stnnilliiE before Aachen arc within 22 miles of tlie fabulously rich Imsln,.the licnrt of Germany's Industrial might. I)y coiicnierlng! that 40b-6<iuarc-mlle patch, lha' Allies would Inko u long step lowafd conquering 101,000- ;!q>ihre-mile. Gcr- irmny, t ., This flat, 'ugly Iron-aml-steel" region Is one of the world's most highly •developed arid dniws neiir.,But t.lie Russian am>y also' Is drawing near-'EiWt'Prussia: In fact, Soviet guns' already "aro lobbing--shells across the frontier. The British radio snys '!lhc' Red army has nmssed exceptionally 't)i£ R(!hrTfor''nl- slrortg forces'.around East Prussla'i'mbst three years. concentrated in\ duatrtiil:Brcn3..A)-' 11 C;d , wnrplanes have been.Unload- ing explosives on to make the final breakthrough onto German soil." The Nazi-controlled Scandinavian news agency says the Russians also' have driven into tho great Baltic port of Mcmel. violent hoUse-to-; house fighting Is said to bo raging through the pily. •'•-..'' Back In Moscow, Premier Mlko- injc/.yk and a group of colleagues In the London Polish government have arrived to confer with Premier Sta!li) nnd Prime Minister phurchlll. The Soviet-sponsored Polish liberation committee already Is In thd capital to confer with.their rivals. James Harper Investigation Asked In Death Of Fisherman HOT; SPRINGS, Ark., Oct. 12 (UP)—Prosecuting Attorney Curtis Rfdgway of Hot Springs says lie has asked the Garland county sheriff's office for further Investigation of the drowning of 37-year-old Joe Eskew. Eskew's body was found late Tuesday In Lake Hamilton, several hundred feet south of the bridge on Highway 10. : Weather ARKANSAS: Fair this afternoon, tonight and Friday.'Slightly cooler with light and locally heavy frost tonight. Continued cool Friday. Minimum temperature here last night was 44 degrees with maxl- .mum, 68 degrees. -Coffee substitutes in Nazl-con- IfOIIed countries contain "chicory loot, dried sugar beets, pens anil husks." Louis A. Cothren Dies Yesterday Services To Be Held Tomorrow Morning For Former Lumberman Louis Allen Cothren died yesterday afternoon at his home, 316 South Division, after having been stricken with paralysis several weeks ago. He was 7'l. Funeral services wljl be held tomorrow morning. 11 o'clock, at Holt Funeral Home by the Rev. E. C. Brown, pnslor of First Baptist Church, fflth burinl at, Maple Grove Cemetery. Pallbearers will be E. 13. Ferguson, Homer Tinker, L-. a. McGregor, Tommlc Reed, Fred Caldwcll and Fred Lovelt. Born near Lawrcnceburg, Tcnn., lie lived there until he came to Blylhevllle In 1913. Connected with the old Blytheviilc Lumber Company for many years, he later;wcnt to Sparkman, Ark., where he'iwas employed by Sparkmaai Hardwood Lumber Company until he returned lo Blytheviilc In 1928,-where he since has lived. Well known In the lumber business, he was connected with mills of Mississippi County until he retired 10 years ago. He Is survived by his wife, Mrs. Lou Cothren; two daughters, -Miss Noma Cothren and Mrs. Fred Copcland, both of Blythevllie, and a son, Jhnmtc Cothren of Berkeley, Calif. Two Become Members Of Kiwanis Club Here Walter C. Gates nnd Dili. Orr were inducted Into membership in Ihe Kiivnnis Club at a meeting of that group held yesterday noon at Hotel Noble. An old fashioned "spelling match", conducted by W. R. Craw- lord, cortiprUed the day. the. program ; for Guctts at the luncheon were R, I.. Wade, and Oak Dale, La. A. N. Crowder of Yet 11 still Is the keystone of Nazi war production. Tho reason Is simply this: Its basic wealth Is coal and coal mines are hard to put out of business with bombs. THo Ruhr's great Iron nnd steel plants, fed by ore from Germany, Sweden and Franco, have somehow managed to keep going and to rjialntaln for the basin Its position as'the Number One industrial center of the Helch, Great Coal Source •In peace-time the Ruhr produced three-fourths of Germany's coal and contained half the reserves of continental Europe. Coke made from only five ucr cent of Its.known deposits could smelt oil the ore in France. In 1938, the liny Ruhr nearly equalled the rolled steel production of all the rest of Europe nut together, Including England nnd Russia. ', In the ^O-by-'iO-mllc basin He M per cent of nil Germany's Industry, t)0 p6r cent of its Iron and stepl production, CO per cent of Its coke output and 55 per cent of Its bcn- 7o\ and tar products. The Ruhr also turns out vast stores of metal product*, vehicle parts, cement, chemicals, and textiles. Some two years ago, Hitler tried to shift, much of his Industry to the cast. Silesia, comprising parts of Poland, Prussia and Czechoslovakia, became a Number Two Ruhr valley. But Russian forces now arc only an hour's slow automobile drive from this vast concentration of coal, iron, ?.lnc and lead. Yet, no matter how much Industry Hitler carted away, he still had U) get the bulk of his coking coal from the Ruhr. And it still was easier to ship ore lo the Ruhr for smelting than to ship coke to Sl- Icsla. The Ruhr's largest steel plant, lying In Hamburg, turns out one- eleventh of the area's total production. It has been bombed out and rebuilt many times. Dig Cities in Small Area The Ruhr is smaller than the state of Delaware. Yet, in it lie cities equal In size to Boston, Pittsburgh, Milwaukee, Buffalo, Kansas City, Louisville, Atlanta arid Richmond, There are, In addition, six other Ruhr cities of over 100,000 and scores of smaller ones. Six towns, Duisburg, Obcrhauscn, Essen, Gel- senklrchcn, Bochum and Dortmund, lie cheek-to-jowl and actually form a chain city of over two-and-ono- half million. Cologne, king, pin of the Ruhr and Germany's fourth city,'sprawls over the Rhine's cast bank south of the Ruhr mouth. Nearby arc Dusseldorf and the textile city of Wuppcrtai. . Tlip..whole Ruhr area Is in the shape of a triangle, with Cologne, Hamm and \Ve~sel at the points. The Rhine river forms the western base of trie trlarigle, and the M-t-mllc- long Ruhr river almost exactly bisects It from base to apex. Actually sonfe Ruhr industry spills back over the Rhine -"into the cities of Kre- field and Muchen-GIadbach. Hitler depends on the Ruhr for more than steel. In oil-poor Gcr- Fighting Yanks Advance On Hill Dominating City Germans Driven From'' Slaughterhouse And Factory Districts SUPREME ALLIED IIEADQUAR- TEUS, Ocl 12 (UP) — Amolun doughboys have, stormed •Into Anchen nnd thh aflernoon were driving steadily tounrd Observatory Hill n hill dominating the entire city. Tho Amei leans attacking' under cover of dlvebomberi, n nd massed aitlllciy already have seized the f«clor> and slaughterhouse districts despite heavy Gorman countcr-at- lackb The two seizures have given the Amcilqans control ol German ammunition nnd food supplies stored In Ihc city. ' fttKI Itage In City Hesldes''the Imsuird of German' coimlci-tiUncK the Yank'i were fighting through street strewn with nibble and billing with fires af- tei the homi-long American 'bombardment. An Eighth Air Foicc pilot on ic- counalssance pvor-Aachen .reported that HO to aO'pcr/ccnt of the bulld- 1n.Kt> hi the heart of the city were buincd out from root to cellar United Press Co (respondent Henry Con ell reported (hut by one o'clock Uxlaj, German time, the" fires in the north and northeast of-Atichen were tvemendolis. Clorrcll said it appealed the Americana could ,s«"ep their way through the entire city if they t desired Howevci,'the Nazis were reported running tanks northeiist ol Aachen, apparently f D >. a counterattack Qarrcll believes a large*calc battle may be fought oulslda. tho city, before' f(pol vOkcued of the tonn is complete ,1 t , , America,!) troops who -occupied Ciuelflx Hill northeast of Aachen icporlcd another example of German trickery In battle : Seize Observation Post The YAnks said the Crucifix 'actually 1 w«q n German observation post and part of the permanent * Siegfried fortlflcntlops They discovered a tunnel running through the hill to the base of the great stone cross, which concealed, ail observation platform complete, with camouflaged silts for:the Ocrmnns to watch American movements. Thd cross now 1 has been cbmpletelv flattened by the combined tire of American and German artillery. ' The storming of Anchen started today whon American First Army, units set the pace for a concentric assault from all directions wilh an: atlack from the cast.:, . .' . .,„ German broadcasts say^ flame- throwing tanks, are leading' the Americau advance. Berlin .describes the assault force as,a titanic afr ray of planes, tanks and i heavy [irtltlcry. .'•: '' "• "" The Germans still fighting •IdcsV pcrntcly for the narrow >corridor through American positions north- fast of Anchen, but the Americans have beaten down efforts by one of Hitler's finest 'divisions to send relief to tho city. . • Germans who escaped , from Aachen Into American lines say American artillery has smashed all municipal /services inside the city, ' nnd there has been no water supply and little food for three, days. They say the civilians were, impressed by Allied leaflets showered over the city, but felt their position Is hopeless. ! - • • r Mammoth Springs Man <• Dies At Daughter's Home Rufc W. Allen, 757>-ear-olrt farmer of Mammoth Springs, Ark., dieit suddenly, yesterday afternoon whilb visiting In the Ralney community five miles west of Blytheviilc. •' ; ' Stricken with n,heart nllnck at tlie home of his daughter, Mrs. Effie Robinson, he died within a Ehort time. ,. • , Funeral services will ' be htlti Sunday afternoonV ,at Higtitantt Cemetery near Hardy where '-.burial will be made with- Cobb Funeral Home In charge. :.'c. ; He also is survived by his wife, Mrs. June Allen of Mamnioth Springs another . daughter, Mrs. Altle Ciwvder of Wyandotte, Okla.. who already has arrived." and a son, Edward Allen of thd,Ralricy community. many coal 1s used to make synthetic petroleum and high-octane gasoline. From' coal, Ruhr chemists . alto have Ideveloped rubber, explor slves, dyesi plastics, drugs, rayon and fllm, : •.-.•-•• : : .-!V. : Germany's Achilles heel.'always has been the vulnerability of Its Industry. The Ruhr lies only 15 to 60 miles from the Netherlands: border. Soon, the Ruhr frill become, Instead oi:a theater of war Industry, 1 a theater of war.- For years,.'Allied airmen deprived Germany o[ much, of the Ruhr's products. Now AII^>d fighting men are out.lo deprly? ,qo.r- many of the Ruhr,

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