of speculators, or to pay debts of those who have -neither property nor credit, Is worse '-than Jt would be to support them entl.rc.ly, for It. makes uncei'tiiiUity and confusion for 'those who are able to take care of 'themselves. It cannac be denied that the American farmer has suffered beavlly .In the changes which -have been broupht about by new Industrial condtfi'ons, but the British farmer and the French peasant have suffered from the same causes. They both -live where gold is the standard of value but to neither place do they thtak free coinage of silver is the remedy for their trouble. Farmers in the middle and western States are suffering from flic same 'causes -which affected farmers in the •New Englamd States forty years ago. Prior to that time they raised wheat ' and fattened catrtJe on tlie little patches •'of land ' thait were bestrewn and ijemmed In by granite boulders. The opening of the grata fields in Ohio, Indiana, and lllnois, and the introduction of the reaper and mower, beside the multiplication or railways, deprived them of those resources, and farms there nave not onJy become worlhK'ss for wheat and cattle purposes, but have been abandoned. In more, recent ., years, Starces and Territories west of .the Jlis-sisstppi river have destroyed •.'..the profit at wheat wising a.nd fattening cnltiHe in Indiana, electric cars have well nigh 'destroyed the market for horses. It is true that other factors have worked to a limited extent in favor of the farmer, reapers that once •cost two hundred dollars can be had 'for one hundred dollars; nowing rnn- chines tliat once cost $12.; are now selling at $30. The true panacea for the Indiana farmer 1« not to flood the country with cheap money, 1'or cheap money will not float him to prosperity, cheap money if it helps anybody will (help the farmer in the remote west as much ns it will help the farmer in Indiana, and the orlgJo.il and real cause of the trouble, over production and reduced cost of transportation, will re- n>ai'n -the same ns before. The? Indiana farmer must apply -himself to new devices in farming. The dairy interest in Indiana Is in Its Infancy. Millions of pounds of dairy products produced in the distant west, travel a thousand miles and across this State io the rich markets in tlie east. Why does not 'the Indiana .fanner seize upon the op- jwtuniity and convert this into a dairy State? It J.M a fnvori-tc observation of blatherskites, that the United States is great enough to have .its own financial policy and.be independent of other nations; thait we need not be dictated to by England, or other gold monarchies. Tree silver advocates -appeal to the pride of -the American people and flatter ticir sensibilities by telling them they are the richest, strongest, most glorious people on the earth, having boundless territory and resources, nenee they can be independent of all other nations, COD create and maintain a financial policy ol their own, regard less of what other notions do, or have done in the past. No proposition lu fie silver controversy is submitted to liie American people which js more dangerous and false than this. We can not live and thrive without in some manner and in some degree, adjusting ourselves to the neighboring nations. If the people of the United States are content to live entirely within the limits of thlr own country, and never go outside those limits, to buy and sell solely of each other, and neither buy nor sell to any man or nation but tJieff own then'we can have a. financial pol- 'icy of our own. ,Wc can have silver, leather, wood'or Iron for money, as we please,-and'neither''England nor any 'other despotic power shall dictate to m what money we stall use. But if w -want to sell our surplus groin, meat;' diJ and cotton to foroign- ' ers, and .buy of them what they produce, we .'must have regard, to their" Ideas of money'and use tlie kind they use. Herein lies, the only necessity .for : our 'having-any rgnrd.for the opinion i 1 or the m,oney, of foreign nations;'because we"deal with them, If we never deal with them, we'cnn use any,kind of money we choose. Tlie moment we begin to deal .with them, that moment we must use a sort of money that they •will take. , What the demagogues tell us therefore about our own growth, resources, •wealth and-glory, and our right and ability to have our own kind of money, ':'< and not be dictated- to .by England, is mere drivel, and has no bearing on the subject of what kind of money ire should have. The real and only question is, do we -want to travel in foreign ' nations and trade with them? If we <3o, then our money must be of the kind they like.-.-If we Intend to stay within our own ;couritry, regard the Atlantic and Pacific as oceans of fire, never to / be crossed-by .living'man or thins, we & can rejoice'in our wealth'and glory and ^freedom -and settle down .to silver 01; Kleather or-wood, as money,. • .-••'. ''jfXbff presidential office Is/'one of mo- lueatoiMre^ponslWlity. It should be ''^'^^Ol^ai^-^^^^ t^lte^T^^^ and stability, rogardicss of wliat Congress may do. Mr. Bry.au Is a gifted man for one "of Us years; that IB, in talking; others arc gifted In- singing and in fiddling. WMt we need Is a man o£ Hie rig-lit way of thinking. I have road Mr. Bryan's speeches carefully. He is toiii.iiera.to and courteous Lu expression. I liavo no doubt lie is an • amiable and lovable clmraeter in •private 'life; no one who roads his public life; no ono who reads lute public uterances can fall to bellove.be wishes' with heartfelt slucertty the welfare of his fellow citizens. But this is not all that is needed in a President He is fnndameijtally wrong -In Ms con- copt'Ion of the money question and standing on false-premises; all Ms"conclusions are erroneous. H-is error is this: He does not comprehend tlic important part which con- fidence'plays'In the business would, and thinks a vast volume of money will remedy our present trouble. • He thinks that dropping -the coinage of a silver dollar which luid been seldom coined, •has diminished tlie volume of money in circulation. He takes no account of the fact that since 1S73, more than fifty times as many silver dollars have been coined than in all the preceding yews of the country's "history and from 'those misleading premises he larguoe that the value of. the sold dollar -has been raised, and thait in conse- cjneucc prices 'have fallen and tlie debtor class oppressed. His rhetoric and Uls ihumnno aspirations supply all the deficiencies In his logic. I urge you all to vote for Mr. McKinley; his character is irreproachaibie; Ills public life has been long and varied; •lills experience in public affairs will compare favorably with tliat of any living statesman. Today 'be stands for sound money 'and national honor, and let us elect Mm by a majority tihat will put to rest forever in this country, the lieresoy of free and unlimited coinage of silver. PREFER COUNTRY LIFE. low» People Hove Mttle Deposition to Herd la Great Cities. The Hnwkeye state of Iowa, admitted to the union in 1840, arid having apopu- lation in excess of 2,000.000, is exceptional among western states in the absence of large cities within its borders. With the Mississippi flowing on one side of it and the Missouri on the other, with n railroad mileage of 8,500, and with few natural obstructions, it han long been a cause of wonder that in thp, SO years- which have passed since its admission Iowa has apparently not been able to set up on its own. account -,a single first-class city—that is, o, city having in excess oi 50,000 population, though in New York state tlie test of a city of the first class is five times a& great, or 250,000. It was not until the year 1890 that the town of Des Moines, the capital of Iowa, reached a population of 50,000. By the census of 1870 (Davenport was tien the largest city in Io.wn) the population of Des Moines was 12,000 and Burlington was ahead ol it with 14,000, Dubnque with 18,000, and Davenport ntul 20,000. vch Moines is one or the oldest -cities In the west, having beer. first settled in 1850, and having a new state capital building Misting under the original contracts $1,500,000, and begun -in 1SGO. The slow growth of Des Moinesis'-typical o<f the growth of other towris~Inrlbwa which seem to withstand the great increase of business in that state. In 1890 a federal census of the country was taken, and it showed only one city in Iowa having more than 50,000 population. In 1895 the state census of Iowa was taken, and so for 1 rom • showing the-saine percentage Of -increase us marked the cities of neighboring- states, 'there were several cities' of Iowa which actually fell' backward' —on 1 unusual thing in American municipalities,. J and 'especially in the' great aia'd' growing west. Thus'Sioux City, which had^'a population, of 37,000 in 1800, had only 27,000 in1895. Council Bluffs,; ^directly.';' opposite Omaha a : nd"a city Which'would'natu- raiiv'-'pnrtake. of the 'growth' of that, thriving Nebraska town, fell off in five year9"from 21,000 to 20,000 in population: r 'Tne town of Crestori, with large interests as a railway repair'terniiiuis, fell 'off in five years from 7,200 to 6,600 population. Nor. w«re. these instances isolated, for the general tendency • of the people of Iowa is to remain-in'the .Email-'towns or country districts and keep"away from the'large cities/ In other parts of the west'a -city" wbJcJi: once.acquires importance enoughto.be prominent gains thereafter;in.steady ratio, Taut such appears ,to 'be '.the hostility' of the Iowa'people to city residence that after a town has'^become populous it is threatened-with the danger of-going backward again. Tbia'pe-, culiority cannot" "be with accuracy nscribed. to eititar the lock of railroads,; for Iowa has ttese'in abundance, or the' means of water'connection, for thfeae are, many, or "th'e conditions oi crops, which'of late years have been better —Iowa i g essentially.'* corn 'otete—than in other'states in tbc same section." Iii Minnesota; 1 * or 'instance; tte-populatlon" of "Minneapolis h*s ; increasea'28,000'fri c the'last five years, of St PniiTTiOWolf Dulu'th ifrdm- 35,000 'in^lBOO-tb CO;000 in- 180S,°and ''o'f Bt Cloud frt>mV 7,600 to-I6'£ otiol.',: But' Towa. ; aaheres- tenaiibusly 'to' ta'tife !famili«i''-'qvieiry ! '<if IMerary so-' ^ttoV ;i 'l»^ty^MB 1 *»''Be'.prelcrred-io'' life'In the (xmn*Tyr'--V^?.S\m. , SUMMERING INLAND. Bolt- Water Girl Might Learn from Her Fresh-Water Slater. Through m. Log J»m In • Cmooe-Th« Girl' Who I* "Q»n»e" Help* Polie. the Lag* Atr»y—CroMlnjt t th* "Boom.". [coPTRiatfT, 1S96.] • Those people who sp^nd all their summers at the seashores and never taste the joys to be had at inland resorts miss-a great deal of pleasure; which they migK't be glad to partalc of if they only knew what possibilities for it exist in the vicinity of. the little mounta'.n streams tbainow down from the wilderness of the Adirondack forests. These little streams have a commercial value tnat 1 compares very favorably with- that of many more pretentious waterways. Every year thousands of'logs are floated down to their respective mills to be sawed into the boards that make millions for the lumbermen. But it i« not with the millions nor the lumbermen that the pleasure seekers are concerned. The logs themselves form a very exciting nnd sometimes very annoying feature in their enjoyment. To be sure, there is a law which requires lumber companies to leave a waterway for pleasure boats, but such corporations are no more considerate than others, and they have small scruples about, evading the law if they can. So it often happens that when a g-sy young college man from one of the numerous.colleg-es in that vicinity goes out for a'quiet boating trip with his favorite 'summer girl he is suddenly confronted with a jam of floating logs I that, fill up the entire stream, or are scattered about in such promiscuous -fashion that he has to perform a polka mazurka with his boat in order to get through. If the logs are very closely jammed together, the youth must land his girl and drag his boat until lie finds clear water again. But if he sees a chnnce to poke his way between the logs, he do«s so, even -nt the risk of tipping- his boat over in the effort, n risk which is always imminent, but which only lerds spice to the adventure. A canoe is better than a row-boat for the purpose of dodging logs, because, being narrower, it goes through smaller comes to your assistance and shov.es you both; over. More often you land atone of the stone piers H.nd cling to the log frame; In which the loose stones tnat form the pier,.ore encased, while,.your hero of tlie padd le pulls the canoe across. After you and the other members of your "fleet" have .passed all. the logs, you' paddle on -to a cool and shady spot where you land and eat your lunch, die- coursing..upon the scenery and other things until the sky begins to grow dusky^ whereupon you start floating 'homcwardi blissfully oblivious to the- ; fact : that those logs which, were so easily : poked aside on thc'way'up have been'huddling themselves into a raft •which'Is impassable to boats and everything-'else except on experienced log walker. But this oblivion cannot last long, for the youths and maidens are very; soon mode 'aware that' the only way to get home is to land on the bank and drag the canoe past the jam. Here again, if- you are the right sort of a girl, with a little muscle in your arms, you will take hold and help in the arduous task of moving a water vehicle on dry land. Perhaps you land two or three times, perhaps only once, but if you do your part in the emergency, you will find yourself several degrees botter off. for the exercise and several degrees higher . in the estimation of your canoeist. A. L. W. AFTER KATE GARDNER'S CHAT. AuistyliBb. GOWDB Have Corselets and. Frilled Basques. FORTY-SEVEN YEARS. IndlanUn Find* n»« Wife H»d Married and Become ft Widow wltti -Fl^e Children. \Villiam Chamberlain, after an absence of 47 years, has returned to his home at English Lake, Ir.d. It was in the spring of 1849 tha.t Chambers, then u young man, left his wife, a bride of 15 months, and. one child, a babe In "sr hia cept the family home and with $1,000 started overland for the Pacific coast, Whence had come stories of fortunes made in a day. Chambers took up o claim and letters to his wife told of the wealth he was steadily accumulating. He wafl gone a year, when the letters stopped. The wife did not despair, she fitill clung to the hope and belief that he would return, but months lapsed into years and still Chambers •was missing 1 . Mrs. Chambers, after ten ye*rs of waiting, concluded that her 'husband was dead and donned widow's weeds. • CANOEING THBOL-GH.LOGS ON AN ADIRONDACK STREAM, HER CHANCE ; • •'•••.' upaeea; also because it has one long- double paddle instead of a pair of oars that are always striking obstructionR- and getting in the way. There are many other advantages about a canoe; not the least of which is' its picturesque quality. Nothingelseappeals so strongly to the susceptibilities of the summer girl as thetpicture of- a^handsome/college youth perched gracefully upon'the deck of the-stern of his canoe w'.Lb'tlie long, double-jpaddle in-his firm .grasp. attired,«ayj in a pale blue negligee' shirt and dork blue trousers, with-a ,c»p ,tbat .sits :on the.back of- his 'head 'nnd,rDmple» his-hair into a bang over tls.fbrehead.' ,•••' •' I:'.-'-".' .'.-.'•'.'• '• . , The. girl'-Bits.in- a good-position 1 to view his fascinating figure:.:She leans, back comfortably -against .the cushions that;are supported'by r a-'sort of -ch'oir: ,back"ihat.ja 'chained to the sides"of.thei canoe • and: Test on the' bottom;;': One can.JBlmost .recline in a' chair -of< this kind, and nothing can exceed the comfort of it.;! 1 -. " ::' ;; •'•'• '• '• " "~ : ^[' ";•' Then -.think, of the possibilities' of: varied enjo'ymcntl- ; With » 'wetl-IUled lunch basJce't niid-a'warjn'wraplo.feiid off the cool night breezeisi'one can go up in the afternoon and float' down by moonlight.' • • '., . Your party' starts about four o'clock and yon Have just settled; yourself coni^ fortably'among thfe cushions wfien you' : begin to bump' against ; lo6se logs that me scattered through the'stream;'' The' logs get jiiore and raOre.troTv-ded',, and- . 'Fifteen'yearfl from the time Chamber* left Indians Mrs. Chambers was again married, ; and five children were born, all" of whom ore" living: 1 Her second • husband was named WoJke, and lie lived \intil 1891; dying at-th'e 1 age' of 70 and leaving his ; wilte ' In " indigemt. circumstances. The" other day Chambera, aged 09, his figure bowed with the'-weigihfol yearB,-"retur'n«a home." He did not expect to find hia wife, but it who to : learn r her fate '-and "locate'' tie. whereabouts Of the' ciiW,' who Kad: grown to man- O ' , hood.- :that-ho ; left California, where his fortune Uafl ; ;'been made'. ' The 1 seqiiei was'that h'e found in Mrs. \Volke ' the "bride of his youth: -.Cha-m- 'bers .says that' the"eucccss on which •ie: had first calculated • did : not - materialize. r He became discouraged and 'fearful that the; sews of his failure would-be a crushing blow to his wife' •he-ceased to'" write to her. When'the tdme'came : th'it a fortune wos'withii his grasp' word'came that she.had died of 4" broken'.neurtv ' He 'gave up his,life to the- pursuit of. wealth, .at the some • time: •hoping' ; .'tnat bis fortune 'would become the:inheritance of-his.only son, of whose whereabbats-be was also ignorant. Tlie long-separated couple will again live together.. '_____' NEW BICYCLE COSTUME. .Enable* the Wearer to Do » LlRlitnlng • change Act In Public. • I have been wondering whether 1 the new -bicycle costume from Paris : would : overcome'the •'obduracy cf.the skirtistsV The .pantalponists nre now Teenforced- by a'divided-skirt so artfully made'that division is scarcely pe.rceptib.le'in Tb« StylM 'or ADtnmn Will Be Very B«. coming—ExpeniUe Braiding I» to B« Ono of the Feature* of -the Cotnlne Sewion. ISpeclal Chio»BO Letter.] .Although' it is too early yet to predict with any degree of certainty what all the styles for fall and winter are to be, there are some good-sfzed straws to show which way the autumn winds will blow in the domain of fashion. p.een up-to-date women already are noting that .all the best gowns have corselets and frilled basques and all the. most attractive frocks are of black mdwhite striped, silk, while every FIGURED WHITE CANVAS CLOTH SKIRT. pretty hat has an exceedingly high crown and trimming of black velvet ribbons; also that cut^work and ap- plique are very much in fashion and that braiding''promises to be all the rage before the middle of the season. 13y the. way, in no manner may the good points of a fashion, be better emphasized than by.the trimming-; and braiding being such pleasant work many women, from motives of economy or other reasons, will be tempted into doing it themselves, with results that cannot help but be disastrous unless they be experts with the needle. It Is work that requires much tame and patience and, above all, the "knack" of doing, and if one has not these requirements it is better to leave it to the hands of the professional, -or eschew its fascinations altogether. , As in so many cases, just so in thia, from Paris comes the mostsupcrb specimens of braiding; and on some of the wraps sent over by a well-known French house the work is really marvelous. Tor instance, a chic cloth jacket in a lovely shade of tan, cut with the fronts sharply. pointed and extending beJow tlie waist line further than, any yet seen, was completely covered with white soutache braid put on in such a close and intricate pattern that the .whole had the affect of a white coat. Another example was a cape, a very tiny affair indeed, made of pearl-colored cloth and braided in silver and white braid, th« Work -beinfj done in such an.exquUite mEmner that at a distance it had all the appearance of ellver lace applique., Thii.worli is nJl done by hand and represents a vast-amon-nfof time and labor, and,garments ornamented in this fashion are so.high'in price as .to place, them, quite beyond the reach of the multir tnde. • ., Ttfost of the braided wraps and gowne made-in this country, and. some that bear, the English- stamp, have the work .done by machine;- .and I don't.mind'tell- Ing you that.a/ter.h'awng : 6een;some of '.the natty little'.jackets.., just .as .the. Trench send them to us the machine- braided garment is one I am perfect^ ly filling some one else should count as their own. ' • ' Another interesting item on the all- important subject of clothes i» that had the whole'f root covered with'fine- ly-cut jet, which also outlined th» dccolletage. This was finished with • fluted ba*que :md the sleeves were only ?hort puffs of satin softened with n little black tulie. For early fall wear fashionable dressmakers recommend gowns made of flannel. Not the flannel of other seasons, to be sure, but something entirely new, with a sheen on its smooth surface like the finest satin and warranted not to ruinple or wea r rough. It come* in all.eolors, but the prettiest and most effective IB a soft, dove-colored gray, which, when judiciously mixed with white trimmings, makes a gowning at . once distinctive and chic. The -model in the picture shows only the skirt of flannel, pearl gray in color, while the bodice is of white roousseline de soie and Venetian point lace, showing an under bodice of shrimp-liko satin. It is .1 gown suitable for any dressy occasion, which perhaps is giving it praise enough. The white duck and pique skirts so popular in past seasons have made the white skirt of wooic-n goods possible, and within the week 1 have seen some handsome models whose charms will, be exploited during the golden days of autumn. The materin) most sought oftcr for this purpose is canvas cloth, either figured or plain, or white serge. Canviis cloth, being somewhat newer than serge, has an added charm; but to be seen to tlie besi advantage it re- y quires a silken lining, while,' on the other hand, serge, even of the very finest quality, takes kindly to the foundation skirt of cotton, and many prefer it for this reason. Skirts, when made of canvas cloth, are invariably trimmed, white those of serge, being- intended more for oi/l-ing- wear, are as invariably plain and made short enough to escape the September dews. Other skirts to be worn with separate waists are of silk -alpaca in black ami white shepherds^ plaid, trimmed with many rows of narrow black velvet ribbon. 'While tho= material used in these skirts is like that- we have seen during the summer, tha shape is new and vastly pleasing, -and shows the artist in cut and finish. Judging from the Jovcly new blouses I have seen in the past few days the popularity of this altogether useful garment is not on the wane by any Manner of means. Fancy taffeta silk is still • used for this purpose, butairy materials CHIFFON AND LACE BLODSE. AFTERNOON COSTUME. pleg, a»d dawn's'upon "the . mn spectator In a *>!«** hands than with tie paABe. gome of the smartest- fall garments we "in block, this being, porticulaxlytruar ,of evening gowns.- Deme -Fashion i» supposed to rarely ever consider "th» 'limitations' of" the purse, but this'sea- .,...,,, Y .oa^«j«.= ~.«-.Jredb<ioTigLug,animany W&& -remorse.' The:'only djwwtaolris . uxx. j ^, onxen ' whp ,perchance.arc.ieeling-.itll*, ^^tjasffis^ ••are given the preference, with mousse'•Jine de soic in the lead. Among the -many: new 'models 1 do'not remember 1 one but what showed a toucb. of black I in its trimmings; This sounds as though it would be'rather striking, but ' I- assure you to the contrary. It gives a point of color very harmonious, and when- used with a sparing hand is effective to a degree. Now, a word about fall millinery'. From. glimpses I have had of the new headgear lam sorry to note that broad effects are still considered the most desirable, and many hats which seerowida enough to start with have thdr width further accentuated by an arrangement of trimming which projects over either side of the brim in the most -amazing manner. When, the trimming is put on a hat.Sn this free and easy style tha head of the wearer looks twice it* natural-size, and I am sure it. -will take a long- time to grow accustomed to them. The amount of trimming on such a bat Ss surprising, not to say disheartening, and the price— well, that is another story. There is evidently a strong determination on the part of fashion makers to revive the old-time popularity" of the pol;e ' bonnet. An exceedingly pretty style in this shape is of soft felt, in color a lovely deep-blue, with a high, small crown around which is twisted pala blue satin ribbon tied at the left side in a large, full bow through which ore carelessly caught three shell-pink ostrich plumes. The bonnet flares up in front in true poke fashion, showing in a most bewitching manner n full cluster of- deep pink roses which lie most becomingly against .the hair. Toques, so universally becoming to both old and young: are again in high favor. The .prettiest are made of chenille and satin r.ibbon; braided "together with soft velvet-crowns and trimmed with bright- husd roses and tiny upstanding ostrich tips. . .' KATE GARDNER. Who!e.«le ArrMtof Borjl.n. ' . Ai gang of 21 burglars has just been arrested in Paris, which in the last ;th*<?.J.. years -had <;ommHted"more than JOD- burglaries. They -were admirably 'onranized, ;neveri; U Kcd violence, and IjnaW a specialty 'of 'robbing churches E»«*vprfest«' houses. The chief of the ipnaV believed to be In the- United ri ;; ' : A 'Geowa .man *.'n .£°' n b r ^O 1 r . un ^ [ »- T «~ T —•*..v.-.-p.-. -;.^, • , iib. -, -w..-°tJi-\:^^^ «;;*"An..Aa .'^^^^^o^^^^^^^Pff/.^^-: on -.cue. lu* ww LU& - ,Mwvony-j uc\iai^*4.is.»«M«c» ,r^ . T^T•' ^~~"/ k vas' 'iri.'^K^'Sw^V.e.w^ •-'-• ~^L™'Ji»»"••**«*i' : '-!_i_—^-* tn.fi'. 'Ki>^iu*kii>'iiiHii_ iiRV«» tl^mniAd'O . ClvCM* ' ' " '• .' ' -' • ' ' •'• • i\*'-** v f **+"'•'"""? * ..- »_•.(•, V-.i • V_•- "'-.<• - 1 -' .-Am; .enw«**f..-,. m\ *™**^* ' ""•'••••"" .— f . .. . • • aboafr^;if;>j;»i^;w»yat^^ flr....-.-...-_-j!ir7^AJ!^!fi,.-.u^.--- -.?r. -...; l -.--..-<^i.-''/-.^:s;^..-*> J ^ f j-: i^J./i-i^^v-. Hlm»*lf. , Tbro-^-So'the heiress refused Jack? '•'; Rnxry— Yes; , but : he" has himself to 'tlnme.' H« ; "wos going .. through th» , 4 'orJy pirlV formula, but lie, forgot hJio-..,.
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