The Tennessean from Nashville, Tennessee on October 26, 1952 · Page 95
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The Tennessean from Nashville, Tennessee · Page 95

Nashville, Tennessee
Issue Date:
Sunday, October 26, 1952
Page 95
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that mot uncommon man" fV rj-Vv And yet, as the law then stood, the man who got the most electoral votes was president and the runner-up was vice-president. Burr and Jefferson got an equal number of votes, and the election had to be settled in the House of Representatives. There the congressmen were deadlocked for a week, through 36 ballots. Jefferson was in Washington, directing the activities of his followers who worked feverishly to win votes. Burr remained In New York, feeling it .improper to take part in the congressional deadlock either directly or indirectly. All the lobbying in Burr's favor was done by friends who worked without his direction or even cooperation. "Had Burr done anything for himself, he would long ere this have been president," one of his friends in congress wrote. "If a majority would answer, he would have it on every vote." But Jefferson made "certain promises . . . In case he was elected," and in return "the opposition of Vermont, Delaware and Maryland was withdrawn . . . That terminated the memorable contest." With those votes changed, the deal made, Jefferson won the vote from Burr who might have had it by be-stirring himself for one vote. Members of both parties were so impressed by the dignity and conduct of young Burr 13 years younger than Jefferson that they settled on him for the presidency in the next election 1804. Actually Burr was so highly regarded by the opposition as well as by his own party that Jefferson and Hamilton saw in him a formidable opponent Opposing each other bitterly, Jefferson and Hamilton, by coincidence, had this hate in common, and they worked along parallel lines on one project to undermine Burr's reputation, to insinuate that he was not trustworthy, was no fit man for the presidency. It was an age of pamphleteering, when unsigned attacks on public figures were regularly printed and distributed throughout the colonies. In a way, they were a form of communication in regions too far removed from the cities to have newspaper service, but they stooped to tactics so irresponsible that Burr never felt them worthy of his answer. Hamilton made the most of pamphleteer tactics. SO EFFECTIVE were the attacks against Burr in those years of his vice-presidency that by 1804, when he was to have been swept into the presidency by almost unanimous agreement, he was not even mentioned for the vice-presidency. Realizing at last that people did believe the pamphlets, irresponsible or not, he seized upon a clipping that a friend showed him. The clipping quoted Hamilton as saying that Burr was "not to be trusted," and Burr wrote Hamilton for an explanation. The man who had so long written sly insults against Burr and had gone unchallenged began to wheedle and cringe, to pretend that he knew nothing about the statement. But Burr pressed him for an explanation, and Hamilton his own political future at stake if he had to admit that his attacks on Burr were not true continued to refuse any explanation. Burr, according to the practices of the day, could only challenge Hamilton to a duel. Hamilton felt he would be disgraced if he did not accept the challenge, but he made it clear that he did not want to fight. His own son had been killed in a duel a few years before, and Hamilton said that he had religious convictions against the practice. Yet he would not apologize to Burr. Dueling was already outlawed in New York, and so the two men met just across the state line, in New Jersey, early on Wednesday morning, July 11, 1804. Witnesses have testified that all was in order, that every rule was observed. THE NASHVILLE TENNESSEAN MACAZINE, OCT. 26, 1952 W? U i - , A I J S J X t ? A Alexander Hamilton Hamilton had every advantage. He won the privilege of choosing position and shooting first: But Burr's bullet hit its target, and Hamilton's did not. From that hour Burr was called "murclerer." As politicians exploited the affair and newspapers editorialized about it, public wrath grew so great that Burr found it wise to flee to the South. In his island refuge off the coast of Georgia in September, 1804, he narrowly missed death in one of the fiercest hurricanes that ever whipped the Atlantic coast, Negro servants on the plantation where he was guest were drowned and crushed to death by the scores in the storm that Burr described vividly in letters to Theodosia, and other dangers threatened him. But he remained there until time for the senate to convene in January, 1805. In those closing weeks of the senate he, as vice-president, presided over the body in such dignity and restraint that the senators were moved to tears when he made his farewell speech. Fastidious in conduct as in appearance, he had schooled the senators in proper behavior on the senate floor. He had stopped their backwoods custom of wandering about the senate floor with apples and cheese in hand. He was embarrassed when Jefferson received the French ambassaodor in dirty corduroy knee breeches and coarse black stockings. He had built up a feeling of respect for the senators' office and for their responsibility in government. "This house is a sanctuary, a citadel of the law, of order and of liberty," Burr told the senators in his farewell address, "and it Is here . . . resistance will be made to the storms of political frenzy and the silent arts of corruption; and if the Constitution he destined ever to perish by the sacrilegious hands of the' demagogue or the usurper Its expiring agonies will be witnessed on this floor." At the end of the speech, without bitterness, Burr bowed, "descended from the chair, and in a dignified manner walked to the door, which resounded as he with some force shut it after him," one senator described the ending of Burr's political life. As the resounding door echoed on their silence, the senators sat stunned by what he had said in those memorable "20 or 30 minutes." He had spoken with "so much tenderness, knowledge and concern that it wrought upon the sympathy of the senators In a very uncommon manner. "There was a solemn and silent weeping for perhaps five minutes.' My colleague, General Smith, stout and manly as he is, wept as profusely as I did," the senator wrote. "He laid his head upon his table and did not recover from his emotion for a quarter of an hour or more. And for myself, though it is more than three hours since Burr went away, I have scarcely recovered my habitual calmness . . . He is a most uncommon man." Nert week: Aaron Burr visits Nashville, gains Andrew Jackson's support. happy the bride who first compares ,'AN-um BJ i Price for 6-pc. place ted. te met.. I u b ( e c I to chnf without notice. Compi the matchlett beauty of Kirk detifn . . . tut and weight ... and price . . . Kirk Starling hat been tha happy choice of bridet ... tor gen-trat on Pattern ncvar continued. Sterling '. lAmrrai'l Oldatt Stlvertmiths tinea ISIS KIRK STIRLINCTHOtlOWARt too, in a wide rana of detignt and price it a happy gift tor bride. Send for "Silver Nottt" on (electing and taring for tterling. Dept. 9, Kirk Ave., b 25rh St., Baltimore 18, Md. (JEWELRY CO. 214 Sixth AvtnN. (fl "wV ai have you ""V heard about ihe new 30 OJU ELECTRIC RANGE at w)y WHEKKY'S" J Model ER352 Hi95 r A 30" rang it's tht greatest "little giant" you've ever laid eyes on . , . big range performance . . . at a small jange price! It's "Great Scot" oven is great in size and Scotch in thrift . . . it's large enough to roast all of a , holiday dinner right along ' with a big turkey ... or to bake 10 loaves of v bread without shifting '. pans. This whopper of an i oven has super-fast preheat with automatic cutoff a feature usually found only on much higher priced ranges! Four high speed surface units . . . each with 7 measured heats. A roomy storage drawer. A convenient appliance outlet. A built in Automatic Oven Timer that is part of the streamlined design of the range, not an added accessory. Easy Terms 12 IHIL - SIVENTIIN

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