The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on March 24, 1949 · Page 10
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March 24, 1949

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 10

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Thursday, March 24, 1949
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WKSEWBTT BLYTHEVILLE <ARK.) COLLIER NEWS THURSDAY, MARCH 24, 1949 THE BLWHEVILLB COURIER NEWS «B OOOBHR NKW8 OO. m. W. HADOS, Publisher JUOB L. VDUHOEFF, JUttor FACT. O. HOMAN, MmttMJa* fete »»ttot»J _ J . Walls** WitMt Co- Ne» Tort. Chicago, DMrcK A««roooo intend M second elM( natter it Uw po»«- •etc* at SJjthwUto, Ariunu*, uodtr Mttf Ooo- . OcMxt 9, WT. AnoeUtod •UB8CJUPTION RATES: Bj cutter in the city ot BlythwllU or toy Biburban town where carrier wrrtot li miln- telMd, aoc p*r week, or «5c per month. By mi*", within » radius of 50 miles, M-00 pet »ear, *3M (or six month*, $1.00 (or thre* month*; by mail outside 60 mil* ton*. «10.00 pu ye*J payable In advance. Meditations Bat when thou at* bidden, fa »nd lit down In (he lowest room; that when he that bade the* aenirth. h« may §»J unto the*, Friend, r» «» higher; thea sbalt them hare wonhlp In tb* ft them that tit at meat with three.— 14:1*. know* tht difference between Ulk *nd espoinage, and that the country of free ipeech neither feara nor suppresses Ulk, even when it is untrue or insulting. Let them take back an illuminating memory of a free and peace-loving country. Let them understand that our quarrel js not with the Russian people but definitely and firmly with their government's aggressive policies. Sho- takovich can read a clearer message of. freedom and fearlessness and strength in the American scene about him than he can in any pickets' slogans. It Sure Mokes a Comfortable Roost VIEWS OF OTHERS Merer seem wiser or more learned thin the company you are with. Treat your learning like a watch and keep It hidden. Do not pull It out to count the houn, but give the time when you are asked.— Lord Chesterfield. Barbs Fat men won't stand the heat come summer a* well as thin men—but they'll nil It out better. • * * to about three month* home gardens will be far enwih aJoof to be neglect**. • * • lion and more movies are being shown In agnosia. The bathlnj iirls. however, haven't yet, aurled teaching figures. • • * . H Maty we«M be am It • boll threw a eon- CWor photograph* are reported useful In help- Jng to determine how eye colors are inherited. We thought they were donated. ,Good Impression of U. S. ''Urged for Shostakovich If there is any consistency in mass indignation, the people who picketed Walter GJeiekingr, the German pianist, should now be getting ready to picket Dmitri Shostakovich, the Soviet composer. For Shostakovich'* sins seem as grave as those that caused Gieseking to cancel .hii lirst American tour and return to 'Europe without having played a note. The pickets charged Gieseking with supporting and toadying to the Nazis, and with giving private performances for Nazi officials. He was not charged with taking part in the concentration camp mass murders, But, as a pro-Nazi, h« was charged by the pickets with condoning those murders. So their placards linked hit nam« with the name of lUe Koch. Shostakovich's public statements and behavior put him down as pro-Com- muniit. He probably hat given private performance! for Soviet officials. We don't expect to read that the aame people who picketed Gitieking turned out to boycott Shostakovich on his arrival in New York for the left- wing Cultural and Scientific Conference for World Peace. But we shan't be sur- surprised to learn that others took their place. For such action has been threatened since the Soviet musician's invitation to the conference was first announced. If this were wartime, Shostakovich would get a welcome usually reserved for movie stars. No question about it. Shotakovich, excused from military duty, refused to seek safety during the siege of Leningrad, though he could . have done so. He divided his time in the beleaguered city between composing and helping put out the fires set by the Nazi incendiary bumbs. When the symphony that he bexan during the siege was finished, there was high excitement in this country. The score was photographed on microfilm and, amid fanfares of publicity, flown to this country for performances attended by cheering audiences. » Thai was the same ShoUkovich who is coming to Amer.ca now. No doubt he believes all or most of the horrible things he has heard about us. Communism is . the only government he has known v l since the age of 11, and this is his first •' journey beyond the irun curtain. So he 1 may join in the denunciations o£ 5 American policy which are expected to .! feature the leftists' conference. y If he do**, why not give him a better ; illustration of free speech than picket \ line*? Let Dmitri Shostakovich and the | other Soviet delegates look around and ^ ritcover the falseness of the Kremlin's ~-. fib)M. Let them Me that America Efficiency for Freedom Free government Is under Increasing pressure these day» to prove Itself. One Important way is to Improve itself. In the United Slates at this moment an unusual opportunity for such improvement has jmt been presented to the people. It la contained in the proposals put forward by the Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch, headed by Heroert Hoover, It IB an opportunity which may not soon recur. Tor it 1« compounded of three [actors which have now fortunately appeared at one time. First is the tremendous Influence ot Mr. Hoover as a Republican ex-President, u an expert In the Held of organization, and as a high-minded patriot. Second is the tine caliber of the commission and the merit of It* thorough-going studies and recommendations. Third is the very large degree of non-partisanship In the inception o( the project, on the commission, and among the present advocates. A fourth important—but probably recurring- Impulsion comes from the necessity to save money. President Truman has a genuine interest in efficiency going back at least to his chairmanship of the Senate committee which acted as watchdog on America's wartime military expenditures. He is alio immediately concerned about reconciling mounting national expenses and the public distaste for Increased taxes. A saving of 13,000,000,000 would vastly improve the looks of the budget. The key to the Hoover commission's proposals Is in orderly arrangement, of federal functions, with the emphasis on establishing a clear "line of command." It would reduce by two-thirds the number of governmental agencies and would clarify procedures and responsibility. The administrative part of the United States Government resembles the kind of house that would have resulted it one family had lived in one place for 160 years, building on a room here for this child, an ell there fcr the grandchildren, a wing beyond for the ^real-grandchildren, repeating the process every tntrd generation and tack- Ing on lean-tos, woodsheds, barns, kennels, and tcolhouses as the family and its possessions multiplied many times over. In the last 20 years the multiplication hfls been fourfold. The resulting structure Is still Inhabitable, but from any standpoint of efficient operation It U a monstrosity. The Hoover commission does not suggest tearing It down, but offers a drastic plan of rearrangement. The commission has brought in only the first of 15 reports, and of course much detailed study of specific proposals will he required. But enough is known of the commission's work and the general tenor of Mr. Hoover's ideas to warrant the hope that a splendid advance in the efficiency ol free government li now within reach of the American people. We have deep doubts about the amount ol savings which may be obtained. A vast network of Intrenched vested Interests must, be overcom*— and they all have influence in Congress. Moreover, mere consolidation will not achieve economy. If two functions still have to be performed, putting them under one roof will not bring large savings. But every step toward order should provide a saving. Furthermore, establishing a "line of command" will help to establish a line ol responsibility, and clearer responsibility is one of the great requisites of democratic government today. The House of Representatives Ins already voted to give the President authority to bogin reorganization—subject to congressional veto. We trust the Senate will follow through. —CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR. SO THEY SAY U.S. Policies in Japan Need Strengthening to Be Workable Th« DOCTOR SAYS John L. Lewis' Condemnation of James Boyd, Bureau of Mines Director, Lacks Foundation Br Edwin P. Jordan, M. D. Written for NEA Service Oreat strides have been made tn the prevention of cancer. Modern r«atment for cancer Is greatly advanced by continuously Improving methods of employing X-rays, radium, and surgery. For those .reatmenUs to be most useful, however, the cancer must be found In Is earliest stages. Cancer cannot be treated by a physician until the patient consults him of his own free will. If It Is discovered early, the chance for cure Is good, but If found late, the chances for recovery are cor respondlngly decreased. The Importance of early discovery of cancer cannot be over-emphasized. All of the statlstics-.il- though, of course, none of us like to be considered "statistics"— show that patients whose cancers are discovered early and properly treated have a far better chance of recovery than those who neglect for some time symptoms which may,be warning signs, Future Holds Hope Many Individuals and organizations like the American Cancer Society have taken the lead in the war against this great killer. New methods are being sought and tried. The discovery of the cause or causes of cancer, when It comes, will speed the chances for cure. This cannot be expected overnight but with the effort and the financhl support' which Is now devoted to cancer, there is much hope that the future of the cancer patient will fee brighter. Until this time comes, a reasonable attitude should be taken toward the disease. Too many persons make nervous wrecks of themselves by living in constant fear. Others are careless and neglect warning signs such as lumps, or the appearance of blood at one of the body openings. Both of these are wrong. Nothing is gained by being fripiit- ened, and dangerous time irmy \r lost by Ignoring warning signs, By Kutsell Brines (For'DeWIU Mackenzie) I/ft Foreign Affairs Analyst TOKYO—Are American policies on Japan too contrfdctory to be workable without basic alterations? This question Is being asked seriously in Tokyo. The occupation has | reached a fundamental log jam. Efforts are being speeded to stain Japan on her own economic feet^- By Peter Edion •NEA Washington Correspondent WASHINGTON. (NEA) — When John L. Lewis threw his pick, shovel, lamp ana a couple of sticks of dynamite at V. S. Bureau of Mines Director James Boyd, the United Mine Workers' boss missed his targets by a mile with everything. Charges which Lewis and U. M. W. Secretary John Owens make against Boyd are two. Lewis calls Boyd "Incompetent, unqualified." because he has never worked in a coal mine and could not himself qualify as a coal mine Inspector. Secondly, Lewis by Inference al least holds Boyd responsible for the 101S coal miners killed and the 54,100 injured In 19i8. Neither charge will stand up and. Incidentally, the number of casualties in 1948 was lower than In 1947. Mine Inspection, health and safety Is only one of five major responsibilities of Uie Department of Interior's Bureau of Mines, over which Dr. Boyd has had acting supervision for nearly two years. The othei divisions den! with fuels and ex plosives research, mining research metallurgical research, economic and statistics. It would of course be silly to pu Juit » qualified <-oal mine inspecto in charge of all these highly tech nlcnl projects. Dr. Joyd, as trained scientist and graduate min ing engineer is apparently quail fled to direct all of them, even he never did work In a coal mine. Boyd nas Competent Subordinates But still more relevant Is the fac that the Health and Safety Div slon of Bureau ot Mines Is In tl hinds of perfectly competent me under Dr. Boyrt'j general superv on. Chief of the Health and Safe- Division Is John J. Forbes, a -year veteran of the service. He as born In Shamokin. Pa., and ent U> work as a breaker boy in he coal pits when he was 10 years id. Working summer vacations as laborer and miner, he was gradated from Pcnn State In 1911 with B. S. degree in mining. When Lewis claims that mine afety conditions are now worse lat they ever were, he is belled by ill government statistics. There are wo ways to measure mine safely onditiotis. One is by number of eaths and accidents for every mil- on tons of coal mined. The other number of casualties for every million man hours worked in mines. (See table) Number of Miners Decreasing The number of miners has been decreasing because of Increasec mechanization and Increased strip mining, which reduces number of men underground. But the 'accident and death rates on tonnage and rs worked are what count. Both are still too high, but declining. That weakens Mr. Lewis' arguments and his fine high dudgeon against Mr. Boyd. Though you would never guess it from his public statements, what Lewis may actually have been shooting at when he called his two weeks' holiday for mourning Is the mine inspection law. Enforcement of this law is dependent upon the 1S41 Public Law 49, which i*' a perfectly toothless thing. In the 80th Congress a bill was introduced to amend this law by giving federal mine inspectors the power to close mines until safe operating conditions were restored This year a similar amendment has been Introduced by Sen. .Matthew M. Neely of West Virginia and Rep. Melvtn price of Illinois. If it passes, federal mine safety enforcement will become a reality and the inadequate local mining laws in many states will be vastly strengthened. John L. Lewis would be on solid ground if he confined his dramatic gesure to securing passage of laws that- would help reduce the toll of accidents and deaths in the most hazardous of all U. S. occupations. Note: Dr. Jordan Is unable to answer individual questions from readers. However, each day he will answer one of the most frequently asked questions in his column. QUESTION: I have an excessive amount of skin on my face which causes the whole face to sag. I am 19 years old and weigh 160 pounds, height five feet, six inches. It seems to have become worse since having a basic occupation policy for more I than two years. The reason Is un-1 changed: Japan should be self-sup- | porting Instead of remaining 4400,000.000 a year charge on Amer-| Icau charity. Can this be done parallel with | continued reforms? "Not entirely" Is the partial ans-l wer already given by American business men enlisted as economic | experts. They virtually have scarpped de- 1 tailed plans to decentralize Japanese industry which General MacArthur has said was so tightly in- | terwoven that it actually waj "a form of socialism In private hands." Some other reforms also have I been lessened or altered on grounds I that economic recovery has priority. I Now ihere is considerable discus- | sion that the purge of wartir JliiBolsts may b* eased to restore I Industry's "brains" to active Influ- | ence. Many other reforms continue In I effect, however, with little prospect of alteration. They range from redistribution of land to the new con- ] stitutlon. These reforms have mingled with I consistent allied headquarters teach- | ing to form the so-called "d cnitic base" of modern Japan. 3 ocracy nevertheless sits only llghtly'l on the Japanese. They are more prone to capitalize on Its catchwords for thlr own advantage than J to study It thoroughly. Something More Needed Are democratic methods suffic- I ient to Insure adequate recovery on the timetable now demanded by | Washington? The answer is at least a partial I "No." American military government officials frequently have had tn I follow practices contradicting their I democratic teachings to keep the country going. Vital foodstuffs, for instane, have been diverted to government channels only by the undemocratic threat of American 'retaliation if | farmers failed to cooperate. On the whole, however, the effort has been to reach a compromise between what the Japanese call "demokrassie" and recovery. The Japanese government retains the outward appearance of independence. Japanese politicians now take the mumps ..ANSWER: This U an unusual problem and I franklv do not know what to think about "it. If it Is nol, caused by overweight or lack of exercise, any treatment which could be suggested would seem to be of doubtful value. There are more than 3.500.000 oil heating Installations in the United States. Year 1912 1913 1944 1545 1D4S 1947 1348 Men Daily 530,861 488.516 453,037 437,000 457,000 169,000 Worked 243 264 281 242 330 347 and Mil. Man Hrl. Mil. Tom Non- Non- Arcidtnls Fatal Fatal Fatal Fatal 104 Here are the figures, covering both hard and soft coal mines, showing how death and accident rates have been declining: Injuries Per Injuries Average Days Deaths 1471 1451 1288 107B 974 UBS 1015 (Incomplete) 66.774. 64,594 63.691 S9.3SO M.800 58,200 94,100 1.44 1.4 1.7 1.1 1.1 1.26 « (Incomplete) «5 62 59 60 64 2.3 2.2 1.9 1.9 16 1.7 1.5 83 93 94 96 85 83 immediately, so he led the duece of clubs toward dummy's jack. If Wertheimer had taken this trick with the queen of clubs, there would have been no story, but he refused the trick. Now declarer found himself locked in dummy, and again he started to count. His next play was the queen of diamonds, hoping that whoever had the king would take It. You can see that if West had taken the king, there would have been no way to stop the declarer from making six diamonds, three clubs and two spades. But once again there was fine defense. West refused to win the queen of diamonds. AH declmnr could do then was to cash the ace of diamonds and IN HOLLYWOOD By Inklne Johnson is'EA Staff Correspondent That source (of America's strength) is our ethical and moral standards of precepts, and our democratic faith In man. This faith Is the chief armament of our democracy It Is the most potent weapon ever titvised. Compared with It, the atom bomb is a firecracker.—JJavld K. Lilienthal, chsir- man Atomic Energy Commission. » • • All that Norway wants, all that the Atlantic countries wsnt, \t to be absolutely certain that , . . through solidarity we can hold the frontiers of freedom, law and democracy U another crazy Hitler should challenge the frCe world—Wilhclm Munthe de Morscnsticn.e, Norwegian minister to the U. S. « • • Democratic leadership mutt be sensitive and lympalhctlc to the needs of the people. It cannot afford to be cynical about human hopes and ideals.—President Edmund E. Day, Cornell University. • * v If peace should break out and we should stop spending billions for defense and stop feeding Europe, we'd have a bid depression. We are not yet geared lor peace.—Joints <3. Patton, president, Nutlonal Farmers' TJnlcvn. • • * The use of lorce Is less an evil than to stand aside and keep ourselves unblemished while greater evils sweep unchecked over the world.— John roster Dulles, u. ». deloal* to the UN. HOLJL/VWOOD (NBA) — Having met flagpole sitters, goldfish swallowers and swooning Sinatra bob- by-soxers, I guess i(. was Inevitable that I would one day meet in Hollywood a girl with green hair. The girl, ex-burlosquc dancer Mary Lorraine Bradley, admitted slit dyed her hair gross gveen "to get some publicity." But she insisted: "I'm nol an exhibitionist. I'm really an introvert." Mary said she flopped In burlesque because she was too shy to grind and bump. But she didn't mind dying her hnir green. 3hc suld. In fact: "I like it. Green looks good on me." The dying was done in n three- hour session by her agent, Paris Eager, a cue-time beauty shop operator. Eager was eager lo gel her a job. ivnd he thought the green hair might help. It did. The ngcn t and Mary rushed over to RKO. currently rele.ising "The Boy With Green Hair." A studio executive turned green In the face an 1 then pave her n nice check to stop traffic for a couple of days ou'-sldc a Los Angeles theater howing the picture. Then Mary was booked Into a, oc.i) night club at n three-figure salary to sing and dance and to be billed as "The Girl With Orecii Hair." Oui.'ide of giving people quite a start, Mary has suffered no such indignities as being arrested or carted off to the booby hatch. After all. I guess, green hair Isn't loo unusual In Hollywood. Psychological Effect An elevator operator made^ the funniest crack about Mary's green hair. As they were soing up, he turned to her and said: "Pardon me, miss, but Is youi hair green?" Mary nodded. The elevator operator gulped and eeJ«: •Oh, I thought I was 111." I'm disappointed, though, In ccent Paris Eager. I thought he should have dyed 10 per cent of his hair green. But Mary said he didn't even mention It. • • • M-G-M is cooking on a deal to co-star Cary Grant and Katharine Hepburn in a political satire tern- porallly titled. "Europe and the Bull." It will be in the same veJn as "Ninolchka" and will be produc fri by Gottfried Reinhardt. . . Joan FYMitaine is looking for another comedy and Dore Schary is hoping her look. . . . Mae West will make another film in Holly- avxirt this summer. . . . Ken Murray's "Blackouts" plus Ken and Marie Wilson will be featured in sequence of George Raft's new film "Red Lipht." McKENNEY ON BRIDGE B T William E. McKenney America's Card Authority Written for NEA Service To Set Hand, Both Defenders Hold Up Today's lesson hand was given .0 me by Philip M. Wertheimer of Larchmont, N. Y. He points out that the hold-up play is o^ generally employed by the declarer, but in this hand the hold-up play must be employed by both defenders. lead the jack. West won this trick and knocked out the ace of spades. Declarer cashed the ace and king of clubs and want down two tricks. Do not be too anxious to grab off your high card tricks. Holding »ff to block a suit is an Important angle to learn in the pl»y of the cards. credit for allied policies which appear popular. They openly blame headquarters for unpopular ones.C One result is what headquarters officials call an "active conspiracy" among capital, labor and government leaders to continue this saba- toge until faced with stronger pros- | sure. A recent series of warnings went unheeded. Crackdown Seems Necessary General MacArthur seemed tn herald something stronger last December. He told the Japanese people then that economic stabilization would mean "temporary surrender of some of the privileges and immunities Inherent in a free society." So far nothing has happened. The feeling is growing here that a sharp crackdown is necessary in virtually every activity—Including politics—that Is linked with the recovery. Some observers expect a move in that direction when Joseph M. Dodge, MacArthur's new and seemingly tough-minded economic advisor, makes his first report. Most Japanese would prefer to be told explicitly what to do—just as they have been told for so many generations. MacArthur has attempted throughout much of the occupation to get Japanese leaders to assume responsibility. They have ducked it. Now democracy may have to yield temporarily to practicality. To eliminate glare caused by the brilliant sunshlm, many Mistijf i Beach sidewalks are tinted rosy 1 'pink. / Spade Cooley will televise a wes tc-rn burlesque of the Robert E Shfrwood play with a new title, See HOLLYWOOD On P. » 75 Years Ago tn BlythtviJI*— ! Mr. urn! Mrs. Ed Hardln Jr.. and on. Ed III. of Greenville, Miss., avc spending the weekend with his mother, Mrs. Ed Hardln. Taken Irom the files of the Cour- r of 2S years ago: Father Dwyer. former chaplain of St. Marys Academy of Little Rock has arrived to have charge of the Catholic Parish here. He succeeds Father Butterbach who lias been transferred to the Church at Atkins, Ark. Another Item from the same file; The "Home Theatre" was the name chosen (or the new theatre recently built on East Main Street by Clyde Robinson. The winning name was submitted by H. S. Poster of this city who won an annual pass 11 s rewtrd lor hU luigestlon, VQJ93 • AQ J 10963 * J Wertheimer *Q J 107 64 V A 103 «• None *Q954 A AK ¥65 • 74 #AK10873J Lesson Hand—Ncilh*f ~ul South We»t North Ca* 1 * Pass 1 * 1 * 2* Put 1» Pass 3N T Pass P«ss Past Opening—* 1 !< Dctnizen of th« Sea HORIZONTAL 1,6 Depicted tea creature 10 Interstice 1! Antenni 13 Fondle 14 Smell 15 Narrow mlel 17 Electrical unit 18 Holds In affection JO French article 4Enthu»iutie ardor 5 Rendered !«t of swine 8 Dread 7 Symbol for indium 8 Courtesy title 9 Greet 10 Mimic 11 Eucharistic win* vessel 15 Whirlwind 18 "Emerald Isle" 19 Pigpen 21 Hazards 23 Reiterate 34 Aroma The three no trump contrac looks like a weird one, with both North and South having seven card suits. Nevertheless, game can not be made in either clubs or dia mends, and It was quite a problem lo defeat three 'io trump. On the opening lead of the dtmc of spades, Wertheimer in the Eas played the ten-spot and declarer won the trick. Now South stopped to count. If he could make six clubs tricks, one diamond and two spades, that would give him game. He decided, therefore, that he would not waste his diamond re-entry lo dummy -ior try for a finesse that might lote. He wauld give uj » club trick 21 Jumbled type 12 New Guinea 22 Tranipoie port fab.) 24 Sheaf 26Shoui 39 Challenge 30 Vegetable 31 Boundary (comb, form) 32 Rip 33 Depend 35 Skein of ysrn 38 Symbol for selenium 37 Note in Guido'i icale 38 While 40 Rivers 46 It fond of warm sesi 40 Harden 50 Bird of prey 51 Indian 52 Mournful song 54Expunger 56 It has large, crescent- shaped 57 Lamprey- catcher VERTICAL 1 Greek god of w«r 2 Fisherman's apparatus 3 Proceed 25 Female horse 27 Incline 28 Songbird 32 So 34 Affirmative rtply 38 Viper 39 Person ol an individusl 41 Numbers 42 Rodent 43 Exempli gratia (sb.) 44 On the sheltered side 45 Simple 46 Roman rosd 47 Indian weight 49 Oriental porgy 51 Employ 53 Within 55 Morindin dye

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