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WEDNESDAY, MAT 6/ BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.), COURIER NEWS EDSON IN WASHINGTON By PETER EDSON L Courier News Washington p Correspondent WASHINGTON, May G.—The 1.7 million retail store owners of the United States are now busier than they ever were at big sale time, inventory time or income tax time, trying to figure how they're going to come out on this new general maximum price - rrgulation order slapped down by Price Administrator Leon Henderson. The story behind the issuance of this order is almost as interesting as the order itself. It became apparent to Office of Price Administration officials as early as last January that the selective price control principle was not adequate to check inflation with the country actually at wnr. A number of OPA men went to Canada to study the Dominion's system of price control, and from lime to tim? some of the Canadian price officials came to Washington for consultations. On March 31, OPA took its first steps to consult with representatives of the. retail trade. Between April 1 and 'April 27, there wer? from 12 to 30 merchants of national standing in Washington for a day or more. Their work finally was delegated to a committee of seven', with Fred Lazarus Jr. of Columbus. Ohio, ' as its chairman. They stayed on the job until the \ orclsr was issued.' Lazarus, as head of 1 the Retailers' Advisory Committee, had played a leading role throughout the defense period, con-" ducting ,an educational campaign against inflation, scare advertising, reduction of quality in merchandise and similar measures, but in the consultations with OPA he and all the retailers called, in acted only as individuals giving their counsel on various lines in which each was as authority. All meetings were .secret, and admission was closely checked by OPA. 1IENDEKSON OVEKRULKI) Prom time to time, these retailers gave written memoranda to OPA outlining their views. At th? beginning- of the conferences on April 1. assurance was given that the price freezing order would cover all phases of the national economy, including agricultural products and wagss. Some place along the line, those two items were dropped from consideration. Who gave the order, or why, is a mvstery. it wis known that Leon Henderson favored and fought for an across- the-boards freeze that would include wages and farm products, but somewhere in the top policy councils of the government. Henderson was overruled. The retailers stressed that anything short of an overall frerze would be exolosive. It diri no good. That was their principal setback. The way the retailers express their viewpoint is that you can't control the flood waters of the Mis- sLssusppi bv putting a roof over the Gulf of Mexico. Floods have to b- managed at the source, dams must be thrown across the tributaries, and back up in the hills there must be a lot of catch-basins. The national economy is pictured as being imich like that. Price control must start back whrrc the goods originate, with raw materials' and wages. Those are the catch-basins of the economic .system in the view of the retailers. FEAR BLACK MARKETS' As to the consequences of failing to take into consideration this catch-basin theory, the retailers are rather pessimistic. 'Frankly,' they fear black markets and a return of the lawless spirit- of the prohibition :ra. Any such developments.at this time would naturally jeopardize war measures, creating for the soldiers in the field what Lincoln called "fire behind the lines." The second point winch the retailers question is on the matter NAPOLEON'S WIFE she For HER Gift Come to-* Kirby Drug Stores REMEMBER MOTHER'S DAY Sunday May 10 GIVE CHOCOLATES Give her the gift she'll like best of all'. . . Whitman'siClnocolales! We have the SAMPLER, America's famous cross-stitch box, $1.50 to $7.50 ... the FAIRHILL, popularly priced •favorite . . . and other delicious selections, all beautiful!/ decorated for HER day. HORIZONTAL 1 Pictured wife ot Napoleon. 9 She was a - \vhcn mamcd him, ' 14 Genuine. 15 Scent. 1G Evolve. 17 Free. 18 Plots of land. 19 Ah! alas! 20 Act n Us (abbr.). 22 Even. 24 Name. 27 Article. 29 Therefore. 30 Exclamation. 31 Military police (abbr.). 33 Enrapluivd. 35 Pa.sha'oL'Tunis 3G Exist. 38 r>lonjjin(j to it •1U Either. •mving. 42 South America (abbr.). 43 Jumbled type 44 Above. 45 Behold! 47 Musio note. Answer to Previous Puzzle 48 Red Cross (abbr.). 50 Drift along. 53 Af lor gong. 50 Near. 58 Men sure of area. 59 Verbal. (il Nijiht before. (J3 Pertaining to tone. G5 Mud. <i(S Solid food. 08 Corrode. CO Her husband's Js9t name, VERTICAL 1 Junior (abbr.) 2 Over (poet.). 3 Navigate. 4 Oldest. 5 Cavity. G Icon. 7 In no way. 8 Formerly. U Stale of atmosphere. 30 Pastoral poem 11 Dutch (abbr.). 12 Wool sorrel. .13 Wild plant. 21 She lived in 23 Verso (abbr.). 25 Chemical substance. 26 Typo measure 28 Pertaining to birth. 32 More wan. 3-i Postscript (abbr.). 37 She married Napoleon in 39 They later got 41 Average (abbr.). 44 Plant swelling (bot.). 46 From. 47 International language.. 49 Appraise, 51 Placed. 52 Grave. 53 Merit. 54 Entreaty. 55 At any time. 57 Rocky k pinnacle. GO River (Sp.). 62 Dine. 64 Negative. 67 Symbol for tellurium. of "Ing." Under nonml trading conditions, there is a lapse of time, or lag, between production of raw materials and manufacturing, between manufacturing and wholesaling, between wholesaling and retailing, and between retailing and 'buying by the ultimate consumer. In simple terms, the shirt- you buy this \vrek was raw cotton lust summer. The average lag on some 1200 non-foo:! items is about two and a half months. When prices are rising rapidly, the merchant often has to pay more for new goods than he gets for what lie szlls to the public off his shelves. And when prices at all levels are frozen nt approximately the'same* date,'the- retailer stands a good chance of getting caught in th- lag. Merchants who have kept prices clown, pricing their'gcocls at cost instead of at replacement value, .suffer the most under .such circumstances. The'remedy suggested 1 for this is a system of "roll-backs"—making .the wholesaler and the manufacturer, take lower prices. How the manufacturer can do this nitric face of advancing raw material and wage costs is the puzzle. One solution .is to grant subsidies 17 YOUR FEET Got cooline; protect inn a^ain^t. rhrtfe by treating your n-utlcr fort, to asi.mliiim; nil; with Aie.vic:in IL-:iL I'owdt-r. Costs little. to bu.sinrs.scs caught in the lag. You know what that means. * * * WASHINGTON MARK-UPS Manufacture of men's "leisure' coats has been banned for the wari.U. S- has 20 million sewing machines in use, plus another million in stock piles, but after June 15 no new ones' can be made... Census of 1940 reports a million teachers, three-fourths of them women, who might be given war production jobs during the summer— And in 1940 there were 1G5.000 . doctors, 370,000 trained nurses.. .New name for the mechanized war is "gadget war."..,Food is one-third the cost of living and from GO to 75 per cent of the food costs are frozen by the new general maximum price regulation Sir Norman Birkctt of the English High Court of Justice, now visiting in Washington, apologizes for his shabby clothes, but says shabbincss is fashionable in London now, and patches show that a man is really in style. •UfPUERtSON . rKOVTNO 0. KQUWDS, lml. lUTM — Theiv'.s u lot more (o an explosion Hum just 11 Hash of lire, a billow of smoke <md n big boom whon Uncle ,S:nn undertakes to lest, ammunition at the Jefferson Proving CirouiuK A uood percentage 1 .of the ammunition produced in tin- country lodity Ls beinn tested here anil Hit- proving grounds arc virtually a self-eontiiined city complete with u lull-Ume lire department, oll'iee buildings, living quarters, - t \\\ ;ll port and sin emergency Huding field. Testing ammunition Is more than M-ehiR how f;ir u projivtlle will travel. W:»Hs T\v.» IVot Thick clude.s individual tests o! the eom- •ponent parLs ul' anv particular unit of ammunition: Hie primer;, the boosters, I he cases which contain the powder to hurl Hie projectile and tho projectile it sell', till are tested and after each oi' these individual te.sts are miule, Hie complete round is then te.sied. In oive section of the proving grounds is a mllr-lonr, firing line where nt, one time may be weapons ranging from machine gnns and :\nli-tank guns to 'ISO millimeter howitzers, and anti-aircraft rifles. On either en/I ol' Hie firine, lint- is a concrete stockade divided into stalls from whU'h guns are fired' when certain types ol' ammunition ure used When shells designed lo explude in the air or on cimluvt, ure fired, gnn erew.s .statul behind two-foot thick walls of the .stockade in which thi> gun is mounted. A ilevice stands before a nun and is _composed of two uprU'.hfs 1 between which is suspended, nearly horizontally, u cage-like apparatus. One end of the cane h at the iuuv.- y.le of the gun and the oilier Ls on a direct line mvay froin Hie gun. Wires, through which an electric current flow.s, cross en eh end of the cage and one test, is made when the projectile fired break:; through these wires and seven; the current. In a building some distance from the firing line, equipment records the action; a round me!;al bar is released from a may net as the first circuit is broken. As the, second is cut rmother bar is re- and falls downward. 11. a trip, releasing a .sharp piece of metal against the first bar. A nick is made In the b;ir which is Ihimi taken out of the mechanism and placed on a guugo IVI o IT Aceurate JMi-thotls Teclmleians MOW can detonnlno the posillon of (he nifk the 'ijieed :ii which Hie projectile' vvrt.s (raveling when it |>:iss"<l betwei-n Ihi' eiuls of Hie eat^e. This method is not Hie most aecuraie used but it providivs -i quick reading so that lead.s may 1)0 virled bv gun erew.s without loo much delay when making u st'rle.; of test.s. North of the firing line, in dls- Unu-es nuigint? up lo li;,(H)() yurils, ure recovery fields into which projectiles are fiivd when tests are .', miule. Obsvrver.s al the tMtia are uroleeled In "bou.l, iiroof.s" of reinforced conen't,- around which earth ha.s bi'en packed for added slreatith, Thev peer nintin»h sllLs ii| Iho walls faelns; the firing line. The men are In direct communication through an undcriAround telephone .sy.slcm wilh the \>\\\\ l>OMlion.s und with n cenlral firing 1 unit which governs all Kims on the linin; line. After KheiLs have l)er-n fired Hie observers ave given clearance :ind info Jlu- fields to ix-i-over- I he u*(.'Iili iv ! 11 if.' /i i t «ns who photograph, calibrate and otherwise ,,>,. Lh o m u minute nspeetion lor u u - n ntll ,. r , s( , n>|)0 ,., Homb le.stinjr i.s e om iucfeil from »H airport capable of handling the »«K«'sl inihtary ,,| !UU , S now > usp . !mos u<fill »»: bombs tlrnii Hu-n, coordinate those ot Divorces II. Hoover No. 2. in Politics COLUMBUS, O. (UP) — Herbert Hoover of Akron, who claims distant relationship to the former president, has filed nominating petitions for the Republican guber- natirial nomination in the August primary. Hoover will oppose Gov. John W. Bricker, seeking a third term. circuit leased -strikes edged Bargain Matinees Every Dny ET ccpt Saturday & Sunday. Show Every Night 7:00 Box OITice opens (5:45 Continuous Shows Sat. and Sun Listen to KLCN 9:00 a.m.. 12:45 p.m., 4:30 p.ra Last, Times Today 'THE' VIRGINIAN B a8s>* Selected Short Subjects Panimounl Nrws & Compcly" BOTTIED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE COCA-COl* COMPANY BY COCA-C.QLA BOTTLING COMPANY Thursday & Friday ,_• VICTOfi'V LE-MATURE JACK ' j OAKIE ROXY Bargain Night Every Night Except Saturday. Show Every Night 7:00 Box Office Opens 6:45 Continuous Shows Sat. & Sun. Last Times Tonight »T BlllY Of BKK DUNCAN KENNEDY SARAH PADDEH •5»Ls U'aai Ui-ttiT |,'j( '',ol >H , IA tl ' I1>) --'I'henew- blx-luol-cUur ] las ,. s i. f^d Philadelphia Women's appnrcl l ^ii(- men. provided u u . y - m . **\v 1^*0 "«'«« t»«. ™ invil,;, 'Mercaptan is Uu- vile.st smelllne compound that man ha.s ever in Vl>lll,i,-l ' "~ Piled: Martha Martin vs. J, w.; M...L. BUUei- vs. .Fanny Joe, Dor'oth^*An- tliony vs. Mills; Riiih ErwhV Bradley vs. Luther A.; Clema Edwards v.s, G.uy Edwardji; Bessie Nichols vs. Ellis; Jume.s Taylor vs. Nona; B. Etta Mil'lcr v.s, Sherman; Easter Johnson ,vs. Will; Gladys Ly'to vs. Hufo; E. J. Eviuis vs. Fiavia E ; LucUle Hayes vs. Esco; Homer Burns vs. Olllo; Margaret Crowder vs. Charles, Divorces Granted: Jimnlla Scuinan vs. Charles E.; Muxlno Sweeney vs. Htirvle T.; Gladys Gentry vs. Joe; Vessie Prltchett v.s. Henry; Rnchuel Koeh- li?r Goll' vs. D. L.; Mftlen M'oody vs. Helen Wlllimn; Florence Murphy v.s. Vimtlee; J, 13. Wagner vs. Uo.sk! Dell; Martha "Virginia Meud vs. Walter Lcroy; Irene Ashubran- ner vs. Clay; Dorothy Cotton vs. Waller; II. c. Hunter vs. Jessie Simcur; Alberta Beemnn vs. Theodore; E, L. Malloy vs. Dovie; Ekm/.o S. Tin. i ;ley v.s. Marion H.;' Elaine Ford vs. Willis; Murle Siin- inons v.s. Jes.sle. Decree of Annulment: Franklin Giles vs. Nelly Mildred. City IJo.vx Ot lessons BAK.ER, Ore. (UP) —Attempting to solve the farm labor .shortage locally, linker schools have imiug- uniled spuclul Saturcluy classes for city boys to leal n the fine arts ol harnessing horses, operation of hay harvesting equipment and yt'neral I'uriu fundamentals. PAGE; THREE Lincoln deliver^ his f am0 iu Gettysburg address at Gettysburg Pa. r on Nov. J9, J863 V ' pn''cerUindays"ofmonti If functional monthly disturbance^ make you- nervous, ..restless hlghstrungj. cranky, blue at such tmes-rtry .Lydla E. Finkham? vegetable Compound. Famous to help relieve such pain and nervous feelings, of women's "difficult days." Follow label directions , CASH Paid for Late Model AUTOMOBILES and TRUCKS. 117 E. Main> at Blytheville Motor Co., W. f. Barnett. CKICKASAW <*t Main Near 21st SL Prices always Ho and 22c Sat. starts 12:45; Sun . ^ris 1:45 Nitfhl slio\v.s <5:-tw Continuous show.i Rut. »nd Bun. 'J'uesday and Wodncsdny Buddy Nights— -2 for 1 'HIGH SCHOOL' — with— ane Withers, Joe IJnnvn, Jr., an Uoycl Corrifjiin. Thursday & Friday DOUBLE FEA TUBE r\vn features for the price of one Jl« and 22e Box ofTiee opens 5 MR— show st G:0<) p. in. ' Give Us Wings' — with— "Tin- l)c:ui Kiid Kids" and "I.iMlf- Tonh CJsis'' ALSO —with— .Ic:in IfcrshoU as Dr. Christian, Dorothy l.ovrtl and Kdjjar Kcnnrd' Also— I'nivrrsal News. ,;«iniiif? Soon— "YOU'LL NEVKU GKT RICH" ADAM HAD ^1 SONS" Comedy. Thursday and Friday 'HUDSON'S BAY' Phone with Paul Muni Also Comedy Phone 42 x Office Opens 7:3Q p.m.— Show Starts 7:45 p. m. Admission Always IIc-2:?c Tax Inc. Wednesday Romantic Fun ... in (he most glamorous city cm earth! 'New York Town' Frod MariVIiirray, Mary IVIarlin, Robert Preston Thursday, Victory -Nile Humphrey Bogart, Mary Astor in— 'The Maltese Falcon' with. Gladys George, Tcter Loire Shorts and News A NEW HANDBAG is always welcome!'.All the advance styles—In grand colors! Soft simulated leathers. A _ A NEW DRESS -FOR HER DAY I Worth more! No one appreciates a bargain more than Mother! She'll love the flattering twin print sheers, the soft rayon crepes. They'ra suchvalues! 38to44,46to52; RAYON HOSIERY —the kind she buys! Full-fashioned — sheer and dull! 45-gaugeI Every pair perfect! .00 3-LENGTH SLIPS will fit perfectly, for they're proportioned in bust, waist, and hips. Rayon crepe or satin. $129 Use our MONTHLY PAYMENT PLAN to buy all your rie*ds at Wards. Thousands of items not on displa/may b« bought in our CATALOG OlpER DEPT.