The Salt Lake Tribune from Salt Lake City, Utah on May 2, 1945 · Page 1
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The Salt Lake Tribune from Salt Lake City, Utah · Page 1

Salt Lake City, Utah
Issue Date:
Wednesday, May 2, 1945
Page 1
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World News , Associated Press United Press N. 1'. Times Foreign Servlc* Weather: Warm (Details on Page 9) Vol. 151, No. 18 Salt Lake City, Utah, Wednesday Morning, May 2, 1945 Price Five CenU Churchill Hints Vital News on War by Saturday Promises Commons If Information Of Importance 'Breaks' He Will Interrupt Session for Announcement LONDON, May 1 C=P)—Prime Minister Churchill told the house of commons Tuesday that he might have "information of importance" to impart before Saturday, but disappointed hopes that he would clarify immediately the prospects of peace in Europe. Never once using the word "peace," Churchill told-an expectant house that "should information of importance reach his majesty's government during the four days of our sitting this week, as it might do—I will ask the speaker's permission to ask the indulgence of the house to interrupt the business and make a brief announcement." Carries Significance The fact that the prime minister did not divulge the progress of peace negotiations carried potential significance. Only a few hours earlier the foreign office had announced Churchill would have a statement to make when he appears in commons. In the interval he changed his plans. Shortly before Churchill spoke, Count Folke Eernadotte. the Swedish intermediary who carried Heinrich Himmler's first surrender offer to the allies, returned to Stockholm from Denmark, where it -had been reported he had a fresh meet- Ing with Kimmler. The Swedish foreign office, however, announced that "Count Bernadotte did not bring with him any new message to be handed over through the foreign office to the allies." Speaking with unusual hesitancy, obviously guarding against a premature disclosure in this delicate moment, Churchill told the packed chamber the victory proclamation might come before the last pockets of nazi resistance had surrendered. Appears Determined For a while he appeared determined to stand on his terse but jocular summation of the war situation as "definitely more satisfactory" than it was five years ago. Then, as Britain's lawmakers clamored for additional information, he carefully offered s. few details. Before Churchill had an audience with the going to commons king. On his return from the house he called a cabinet meeting that lasted into the night. To commons Churchill made 1t clear that "the good news will not be delayed," but will be announced whether parliament is in session or not. Churchill's high spirits were taken as a good omen. "There is general belief that peace will be announced this week." said the British Press Assn. "That is based on Mr. Churchill's rather smiling and happy demeanor during the question and answer interlude in the house Tuesday." The prime minister said the announcement of any German surrender would come from all three major powers, declaring: "Of course I shall make no statement here that is not in accord with the statement which will be made by our allies." Small Nations Win Top Parley Places SAN FRANCISCO, May 1 UP)— The united nations conference Tuesday put Belgium, South Africa, Norway and Venezuela in charge of four major commissions which will draft its charter for a world organization. Without a change or a hitch, it approved assignments to the commissions and to a dozen committees which will serve under them. The lineup was as recommended by executive and steering committees. Thus small nations won top spots in the conference. The conference thereby squared away to real work, but with the question of its voting procedure still undecided. Yet to be determined is whether majority or two- thirds rules, or a combination of these, should be employed in reaching decisions. Confer Over Dinner The leaders of the big four sponsoring powers — Russia, China, Britain and the United States— discussed "important matters," it was learned, at a dinner Tuesday night in the hotel apartment of British Foreign Secy. Eden. Afterward, at the night plenary session presided over by Chinese Foreign Minister Soong, the other" three—Russian Foreign Commissar Molotov, Secy, of State Stet- tinius and Eden—sat together in the audience and talked at between speech intervals. There was a comparatively small turnout for the first night session of the conference, called in an effort to finish formal speeches and speed conference progress. Block Two-thirds Rule One authority said a proposal had been blocked Tuesday morning in the steering committee to require a two-thirds vote on accept- Adolf Hitler as he appeared with Adm. Karl Doenitz shortly after the latter originated the U-boat wolf pacU raids on allied shipping. This is one of few pictures of the two together. ing any amendment. Australia's Herbert Evatt was reported to have objected strongly on grounds this would prevent small nations from making any alterations in the Dumbarton Oaks plan. Then, reported members present, this was the course of action: Russia's Commissar Molotov spoke up for the requirement of a two-thirds vote to pass any amendment to the basic Dumbarton Oaks proposals. Molotov said that after Monday's experience he was acutely aware that a bare majority could be constituted from, the American Republics alone, and that there (See Pa?re Seven, Column Two) WLB Orders 72,000 Strikers Back to Coal Mines and to return miners to work. WASHINGTON, May 1 (UP)— The war labor board Tuesday night again ordered the United Aline Workers to extend their wage contract with the hard coal operators 72,000 striking Refusal was expected to bring early government seizure of the mines. W L B said the extension should last until differences are settled and a new contract signed to replace the one which expired Monday midnight. Any wage adjustments agreed upon would be retroactive to May 3. it said. Fuel Administrator Harold L. Ifkes said after a talk with Pres. Truman that he is prepared to take over the mtne.i when and if In? president considers it neccs- WLB Chairman George W. Taylor notified the parties of the new order in separate telegrams to U M VV Pres. John L. .Lewis and W. W. Inglis, chairman of the operators negotiating committee. He asked both to notify the board immediately that they intend to com- piy- Taylor told Lewis that hard coal supplies are short and that continued production is vital to prosecution of the war. The strike began Tuesday when some 72,000 minors walked out in accordance with traditional U M W policy of "no contract, no work." They voted, 6-1, last week to strike if necessary to enforce Lewis' demands. The strike vote is required under the Smith-Connally war labor disputes act. Pattern Forces 40 Miles From Soviets PARIS, Wednesday, May 2 (UPJ—Gen. George S. Pattern'.. Third army hammered within 18 miles of Linz and 40 miles of Rus sian troops west of Vienna. Tues day as the American Seventh army rolled without resistance through the nazi national redoub' to within 96 miles of allied force! in Italy. One report said the Russians al ready had occupied Linz, but so viet observers with Third army columns fighting furiously agains suicide S S troops in the Austrian mountain passes estimated tha some 40 miles still separate the two forces. Lt. Gen. Alexander M. Patch' Seventh .army which conquered Munich found only demolition, and undefended road blocks in the narrow mountain defiles of the redoubt ns forward spearheads crossed the Austrian border al Scharnitz. within nine miles of Innsbruck. Near Port of Luebeck British troops at the northern end of the front reached to within less than IS miles of the Baltic port of Luebeck, where they would cut off Denmark and the Schleswig-Holstein isthmus, and advanced to a point 80 miles from Russian Baltic forces moving westward. The Canadian First army was under a virtual truce with the nazis in Holland after high allied officers met with Arthur Seyss- Inquart, reichsgovernor for the Netherlands, to arrange delivery of food to the Dutch by land and sea through the opposing lines as well as by air. Patton's Third army met furious resistance in the drive through the Austrian mountains, but other powerful forces caving in the northern face of the Alpine redoubt east of Munich made gains up to 25 miles as they captured Adolf Hitler's birthplace of Braunau, on the Inn river. Find Noted Beer Cellar In captured Munich, the Seventh army found that Hitler's notorious Buergerbrau beer cellar, starting place of the abortive 192.'! revolt, was a vast hollow shell of brick, destroyed by allied bombs. They found German civilians looting its beer, wine and cheese. Wrecked also was the nazi "Brown House" headquarters, The remnants of the German (Sec Page Two, Column Fiv«) i Hitler 'Death' Arouses World Joy, Doubts By Associated Press The German report of Adolf Hitler's "death" spread like a tidal wave throughout the allied world Tuesday night and the millions of enemies of the fanatical nazi' overlord greeted it with joy — and doubt. The Moscow radio termed the report "a fascist, trick," saying the nazis "evidently" were paving the way for Hitler to disappear underground. From quiet homes of America to the doughboys' foxholes in Europe, the reaction was substantially the same — summed up in the terse comments: "Great news if true!"; "Just plain dying's too good for .him"; "It's at least five years too late," and, "There's still a war to be won and dying to do." New York's millions learned of the Hamburg radio report with surprise — but with few demonstrations. Thousands of commuters rushed for- newsstands in Grand Central station when a newsboy shouted, War Fronts By United Press EASTERN FRONT—German radio reports Adolf Hitler killed in Berlin, and Grand Adm. Karl Doenitz takes over; Soviets capture Berlin's city hall and surge to within 300 yards of reichs- chancellery. WESTERN FRONT — Two T7. S. armies smash into nazis' Alpine redoubt to within 18 miles of Linz, nine miles of Innsbruck, 96 miles of allies in Italy and 40 miles of junction with Soviets in Austria. ITALY—Allies mop up In north Italy, link with Yugoslav patriots northwest of Trieste. BORNEO—Allies Invade oil- rich . Borneo; Tokyo reports "fierce fighting" on northeast coas't. PACIFIC — Americans lunge to within 2000 yards of Shurl, Okinawa's second city, and shell it. SOUTHEAST ASIA— British virtually surround holy <:ity of Pegu, 47 miles north of Rangoon. CHINA—J a p a n e s e spearheads advance to within 53 and fiO miles of ChihkiaiiK, American air base in Hunan province. "The paperhanger is dead; Hitler, the big bum, is finished!" but many of the crowds moved on when the source of the report was learned. Burn Hitler Effigy A quickly improvised effigy of Hitler was burned at a downtown intersection in Toronto, Ont. In Bogota, Colombia, thousands demonstrated in front of the national capital. The news hit Paris late at night, but no one seemed inclined to mourn. "It's a pity you didn't get your hands on him and really make him suffer," the pretty ca.shier of a Parisian night club told American doughboys. In Washington, congressmen accepted the report with questioning. "That's two of the snakes scotched," said Sen. Gordon (R), Oregon, "Now we can soon turn all our efforts upon the third one," S. F. Delegates Overjoyed In San Francisco, delegates to Hie united nations security conference were overjoyed. "What a strange reversal of fate that Hitler and Mussolini should die violent deaths so close to each other," said the Earl of Halifax, British ambassador to the United States:' T. V. Soong, Chinese foreign minister, said: "Hitler proclaimed he would fix the destiny of Germany for a thousand years. He spoke only too truly, but he did not know what he was saying. Dictators die easily these days." The German statement that Hit(Sec Paee Four, Column Three) 'Important News' Due, Nazis Say LONDON, Wednesday, May 2 UP)—The German-controlled Goerlitz radio broke into its regular program with an announcement that "important news" would be broadcast Wednesday between 10:30 a. m. and noon. The nnnouncomcnt, monitored here, did not give the slightest indication ot' the nature of the news. The times given at Goerlitz, which is east of Dresden, probably would place such a broadcast between 4:30 and 6 a. m., eastern war time, or 2:30 and 4 a. m., mountain war time. Doenitz Succeeds As Reich Leader Russ Close On Hitler 'Death'Site Expect to Discover Fuehrer's Double Amid Berlin Ruins LONDON, Wednesday, May 2 (/P)—Russian shock troops captured 100 rubbled blocks in the blazing administrative heart of tottering Berlin Tuesday as they closed in on the reichschancellery area, where the German radio said Adolf Hitler died Tuesday afternoon. There was little' of the German capital left in the hands of nazi diehards—perhaps 10 square, miles at the most—for west and south of the reichs- chancellery the Russians cleared out the city districts of Charlottenburg and Schoeneberg. High Command Silent The soviet high command, keeping silent on the Hamburg radio's report of Hitler's death, did not announce the capture of any specific buildings in Berlin's shell-raked center. It was not known whether the Russians had reached the reichschancellery by the time of the nazi leader's reported death. Twenty-four hours previously, the Russians had raised their banner of victory over the reichstag, a half mile to the north, and on Sunday they captured the Anhalter station, a half mile to the south. 14,000 Nazis Surrender German resistance in the capital was nearing total collapse. Monday, a day before the reported death of Hitler, 14,000 weary, battle-stunned German troops surrendered to the red army. During Tuesday, 8000 were killed, for a five-day total of 87,500 killed or captured. Meanwhile, Premier Stalin announced that soviet tanks, maintaining their 20 miles a day sweep across northern Germany, had captured the Baltic port of Stralsund, terminus for the main railroad ferry to Malmo, Sweden, and had surged within 23 miles of Rostock by the capture of Gnoien. Far to the south in (See Pace Two, Column Three.) Fuehrer Dies Tighting Russians,' German People Informed; Admiral Urges Continuance of War By Associated Press LONDON, Wednesday, May 2 WP)—The Hamburg nazi radio said last night that Adolf Hitler died Tuesday afternoon in Berlin and had been succeeded by Adm. Karl Doenitz, his personal choice to command the German nation. The official Moscow radio Wednesday morning called the German broadcast J 'a new fascist trick," by which "the German fascists evidently hope to prepare for Hitler the possibility of disappearing from the scene and going to an underground position." British Officials Accept Death Report as True At the British foreign office, however, the report of Hitler's death—but not necessarily of the place or manner—was accepted as true. Doenitz broadcast a proclamation and an order of the day- pledging continuance of the war and demanding the same loyalty as previously sworn to Hitler. The Hamburg broadcast was preceded by playing of Wagner's Goetterdaemmerung—The Twilight of the Gods—opened with a ruffle of drums, and closed with the nazi and German anthems and more Wagner. "It is reported from the fuehrer's headquarters that our fuehrer, Adolf Hitler, fighting to the last breath against bolshevism, fell for Germany this afternoon in his operational headquarters in the reichschancellery," said the German-language announcement recorded by the Associated Press listening post in London at 10:27 p, m. (2:27 o. m., Salt Lake time).' 'On April 30 the fuehrer appointed Grand Adm. Doenitz his successor. The grand admiral and successor of the fuehrer now speaks to the German people." Speaker Pledges Continuance of War A speaker identifying himself as Doenitz then pledged continuance of the war. Neither Doenitz nor the Hamburg announcer made any mention of Heinrich Himml'er, gestapo chief who within the past few days had tried to surrender Germany to Britain and the United States but not to Russia, and had been rebuffed by the western allies. Yet Doenitz' pointing of the struggle against Russia was in line with Himmler's offer and nazi propaganda designed to split the allies. Doenitz eulogized Hitler as a man who had dedicated his life to Germany and to warring against "bolshevism," and who now had died a "hero's death." A powerful ghost voice interrupted him, shouting, "This is a lie!" The ghost voice continued to heckle throughout the Doenitz speech. Announcement Stirs Speculation Throughout Europe Questions immediately nrose throughout the world whether Hitler actually died in battle against the Russians w,ho now are near complete conquest of his ravaged capital, whether he died n some more ignominious manner, or whether he was dead at all. Members of parliament and others expressed skepticism, fearing that perhaps the dramatic death broadcast was but an elaborate hoax. At the British foreign office the report of Hitler's death was accepted as true, but official sources refused to comment on the wssible accuracy of the Hamburg account of how he died. It was positive in any event that as soon as the European var was ended the allies would demand that Hitler's body be produced to remove all doubt. A spokesman for Scotland Yard declined to confirm or deny 'eports that British police or the secret service had dental records, measurements and fingerpriits of Hitler already on file so that dentification would be possible even long after death. The Russians in the past have said repeatedly that they be- ieved Hitler long ago had fled from Berlin and possibly left a "double" to "die in action" there to maintain Hitler's name as a (See Psge Five, Column Two) Hitler 'Death' Seen as Surrender Evasion .By Louis P. Lochner Chief of the former Associated Press bureau in Berlin WITH THE U. S. SEVENTH ARMY, May 1 UP)—I have just listened to the short-wave broadcast of Adm. Karl Doenitz' speech as the new fuehrer of Germany, but I still find it difficult to believe that Hitler is really dead, or that he even remained in Berlin during the Russian assault upon the capital. The whole melodramatic buildup beginning with Paul Joseph Goe-bbcls' announcement days ;igo that Hitler personally was conducting- the defense of, the capital, now reaching its climax in the claim that he met death in the chancellery, of all places, looks like an effort to make good der fuehrer's oft-repeated assertion: "I'll never capitulate." Hitler couldn't afford to accept unconditional surrender, so what may prove to be the legend of his meeting a hero's death had to be staged. Hitler may or may not be dead. If he is dead, it seems extremely unlikely he died as the German radio says he did. Having' spent the past days in the very section of the country where Hitler rose to power, wrote "Mem Kampf," and' conducted affairs of intrigue with the whole world from Munich, I •still cannot escape the feeling that Hitler is some .place 'where nobody expects him to be. Bulletin SAN FRANCISCO, May 2 (INS) —Allied forcer in Burma landed on both sides of the Rangoon river .south nf the city of Rangoon early Wednesday morning, ffoiitheaM. Asia command communique reported. From time to time people will claim to'have'seen him. The Doenitz announcement by no means ends our troubles with Hitler. They may only have begun. There may be a state funeral in Berlin, and photographers may be given the opportunity to produce pictures of a dead man labeled Hitler. Then, some day much later, a "resurrected" Hitler may again, stir the world. The appointment of Doenitz as Hitler's successor indicates the nazi leadership desires someone as chief of state who possibly can negotiate with the allies. Doenitz had no experience in government, and has no real hold on the affections of the German people. His appointment obviously was a political maneuver. The course of the war is unlikely to be affected by his appointment.

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