The High Point Enterprise from High Point, North Carolina on December 9, 1941 · Page 1
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The High Point Enterprise from High Point, North Carolina · Page 1

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High Point, North Carolina
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Tuesday, December 9, 1941
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f*r •«'•••'• iW .'.'.' NEW YORK, Dec. 9. — (AP) — The great metropolitan area of New York City 'was put OH an air raid alert twice within an hour shortly alter noon today amid varying arid unconfirmed re|K>rts of an imminent attack by hostile planes. The first alarm sounded at 1:25 P. M. (EST) and the all clear followed 20 minutes later. But at 2:05 P. M. the wailing of police and fire sirens sounded another warning. A Portland, Me., source which did not want to be named, said at two o'clock that "hostile forces" were an hour outside of Boston. The small radio beam at the Norfolk, Va., municipal airport was shut doi?n and all Norfolk police were ordered oa Mii alert following a report that enemy planes, posaiWy headed toward this important defense area \vere approaching the Atlantic Coast. Precautionary measures were taken at the Langley Field air base. The vital Panama Canal underwent a warn- ing, according to-a-Panamanian! broadcast heard in New York by NBC which said Japanese aircraft were reported flying over the Panama coast this morning but no bombs were dropped. ^ • The vast stretch of Long Island from the city to Montauk Point also braced itself for the reported possible attack. A miHion school children in New York and thousands on Long Island were sent home. The New York information center on de- TWO AIR ALARMS tense said that as far as they knew, there was absolutely no reason for the second alarm and said that the Metropolitan area had been all clear since the previous "all clear" signal was sounded. Acting on information received from Governor's Island, headquarters of the first armv, that hostile planes were reported two hours' ?."•! ? f ? e " , York at lloon < EST ) all planes at Mitchell held took )o the air and families vwere evacuated from the militarv reserva- tion, although air corps detectors had'not confirmed the presence of planes. Navy press Officers said they had not received a report on any hostile planes. They rushed the news to the office of Admiral Adolphus Andrews, commandant of the third naval district and commander of the North Atlantic coastal frontier, which extends from Hatteras to Halifax. Andre\vs was not available for immediate "comment. (Continued on page 8.) WEATHER U. *. iu Burtiu. G'MniKoio-HIgh Pilnl Atroort — High Poinf and Vicnulr Fair, slightly colder tonight; \Vcd. fair and continue) cold; lo\v 26; high 34. THE HIGH T ENTERPRISE HIGH POINT Southern mrtmure and Ha'f .uaj.el Hosiery Mil) capacity 40000 dozen p*ir> VOL. 57—NO. 343 MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS daily. HIGH POINT jU^TUESDAY AFTERNOON. DECEMBER 9. 19 U COMi'LM'E NEA SERVICE ^^^ ^^M ^^t^ • ——__ r — "" ^.UI-U';IK MSA SERVICE PKK'P FJVli ft'iNTS BERLIN READY TO DECLARE WAR ON U. S. Japan Fully Expects Nazi Announcement Germans Say "Clarifying Statement" Will Be Made Soon On Jap-U. S. War NEW YORK, Dec. 9. — '(AP)—An NBC broadcast from Stockholm, Sweden, predicted this morning that Germany would declare war on the -United States within two hours. Thc broadcast was by David Andersen, NBC correspondent. Andersen said reports were that the American embassy staff in Berlin'had heen removed from the German capital. American correspondents were said to be ready for hasty departure. V- S. AGGRESSOR The official German spokesmen in Sweden were quoted as saying that the aggressor nation in the i Pacific was the United States and that the Tri-Partitc Pact binding Germany and Italy to help Japan in case of attack thus goes into effect. A Japanese government spokesman was quoted .by 'the British radio today as saying "we naturally expected Germany to declare war upon the United States." The broadcast was heard by NBC. STATEMENT SOON BERLIN, Dec. 9— <ff>) —An authorized spokesman said today lie was unablp to stair- whether 1 German-American relations would i Change within the next 24 hours, ! hut well-informed sources said a I "clarifying statement" on the I American-Japanese war was ex- j pected soon. j "The situation has not changed," j the spokesman said. ' ! There were tinconfimiahle re- i ports that the Reichstag would meet tomorroxv to receive a statement on Germany's official stand. There was no hint of the form or contents of. the "clarifying statement." skid" the Dienst Aus Deutschland commentary, hut "in View of the' far-reaching importance of this question such a statement will not be iong delayed." Reports that the Reichstag was called coincided with sudden can-, cellation of an opera performance at the Kroll Opera House, where the Reichstag meets. The Kroll Opera is the place where the Reichstag meets on such few occasions as Rcichsfueh- rcr Hitler calls the members to-, gether for a pronouncement of I policy or notification of far-reaching action taken. ! The State Opera was bombed ! .April .10'and has not yet been completely rebuilt. Newspaper correspondents who had been invited either to this noon's dress rehearsal or tomorrow night's scheduled premier of the opera in the Kroll Opera were advised telegraphically that both performances had been postponed. -•—. U. S. WARNED JAPS IOMI HAWAII I U. S. FLEET IN ACTION fWAKE REPORTED SEIZED ) GUAM IOMIED, CIRCLED JGUNIOATS, MARINES ' 'SEIZED IN CHINA PHONG KONG BOMBED O THAILAND INVADED, =ENDS RESISTANCE OPHILIPNNES IOMIED O MALAYA INVADED, SINGAPORE IOMIED BORNEO ATTACKED DUTCH INDIES, AUS- DECLARE WAR ALASKA^ KISKA /-- Pacific Ocean MIDWAY. MARSHALL IS. iJop.l • O HAWAIIAN ISLANDS PALMYRA -" •• S== THE WAR Japs Claim US Margin Pacific Shattered; TODAY By De\VITT MacKENZIE "With war a momentary possibility for weeks why were U. S. defenses in Pacific caught flat-footed by Japanese? Did our forces await declaration of war before taking offensive action?" The above message from the 'ditor of a South Dakota newspaper was lying on my desk when arrived at my office in Manhattan this morning. It is a burning question—one which must have been in all our minds—and so this column repeats it. AWAIT AUTHORITIES Honestly 1 don't know the answer to it—ami wish to heaven I Tokyo Says Land, Sea and Air Forces Widening Scope of Attacks on Great Britain and United States Outposts TOKYO, Dec. 9. — (Official Broadcasts | Picked Up bv AP'i- " Bold Japanese Foray Carried To Shores of West Coast by Planes Over San Francisco Area WASHINGTON, Dec. 9. — UP)—A bold Jan- with the United States and Britain ported by the Japanese today, f - nav y ministry spokesman re- .- ^ ...— nm. «IMI 10 neaven i: did. B*it our naval and military ! declared the Japanese naw al ° ne can tcl1 l!S whal ! alread - v had landed blows which had changed the old nullify President [ pressure r J A nft ^* A I. " ~" •--•" ii*->i~«.t*uii 10 * J LQl, I L " {.is far more important that \vc' lt a -> IL | avoid a second shocking expcfl-i Ron "* ,r ;ence of this son. One suspects I Koosev elt ~ THIT WAW ixr on,^ ». ,«™«- •-•'•'• —™= — Trr-l I '"deed, that the chief purpose of I eastern policy." - .u V,^ 1 ^ THE PACIFI C — SECOND DAY — This map'sets forth the thPatrP nf i hi ^ uer - v xvas to utte r «- warning. I U - S, PLAN'S SHATTERED i war m the Pacific on the second dav of hostili-ties between the United StSn S InH l ? eatle rof Warning of what? The writing The achievements , - the j ap au:_ - ^ •, ~- _ x - "• wo«..i» utj ucmtrc-ii i_utr UiJlltu oiaiPS ann .lanan In nn (h« t.-^it n i« n ..i.. ;^_i.-__i__ ., . nr>cn na\-\- hn A^ n i~. i \ j .7 H > ncse naNj, ne declared, had com- i pletely shattered all naval sn-alc- '-. gy popularized by United States Jap Strategy \ Silll. probably my South Dakota! "™ C " ""? chan S ed tlle old!;. . .friend u-iii agree that while tlie i balance of American and Jap- •• l c A m^^vW A 4• answer lo his question is vita!, il! anese sea power to such an ex* j * J r\ LITIQCL /A I ', IS tar morp imnnvlant thai %1-n i ±~.~± ^_ IT,- ^. . . i Pacific Fleet Court Martial Of Pacific War Chiefs Is Demanded " Rep. Dingell Of Michigan : Langley Unhurt »«'»««• i ^fenders Japs Hunted . . sufficient encouragement Hit- !er may strike at us another lightning blow. Put an exclamation _ point after that. . Mayor La Guardia has told N T c\v i York that "we arc not out of the naval experts." BERLIN, Dec. 9— f.-F) —A -- .... , DXB dispatch from Shanghai I danger /.one by any means." There i ll > tl! *y quoted the Jupancsc army j is little doubt of t'hat. for the At- ! s l )oli(% sm:in as saying Japanese I Ian tic daily is being spanned by " MANILA, Dec. ft.—frf')—Naval -sources denied reports torlay that the seaplane tender Lanplcy was bombed during a Japanese attack on Davao yesterday. They said the carrier was safe and carrying out routine duties. • LONDON*. Drr. n.-- f.Ti --Th<? Daily Mfi'l warned Americans and British lodny against underrating Japan. "\\V mnd<^ two big psychological mistakes in this war." it said. "\Vo underestimated Germany. We overestimated Italy. "Lc; us ilow try to size up Japan at her proper worth x x x." IS'.C. COMMANDER NAMED RALEIGH, Dec. 9.—(,<p)—Governor Broughton today appointed Mark Reed of Asheville' as wing commander of the newly created civilian air patrol of North Carolina. Rep. Dingell Of Michigan Declares U. S. Defenders Asleep On Job WASHINGTON. Dec. 9.—(;?)— Rep. Dingell (D-Mich) -told the House todary he proposed to demand that court martial proceedings be instituted against four high-ranking army officers and the commander of the Pacific fleet for "what happened in Hawaii." Dingell named specifically Lt. Gen. Walter C. Short, commanding the Hawaiian department; Major Gen. H. H. Arnold, deputy chief of staff for air; Maj. Gen. Geo. H. Brett, chief of the army air corps, and Admiral Husband Kiinmcl, commander of the Pacific fleet. STAY ON GROUND Then, Rep. Buhvinkle (D-.\ T C) immediately arose to say "it behooves members to keep their feci on the ground" and not act without knowing the full facts, i "In times like this." he declar- ?r. reinforcements were rushed' ed. "it is the patriotic duty of into northern Malaya today as 25 'every American, especially every British Rush Men To Malaya SEATTLE, Dec. 9.— i/P; _ Planes at'j>ortland (Ore.) air hase hoped off at 8:15 a.m.. today, the. 2nd intercepts command announced, to hunt 600 miles to sea for two or three •Japanese aircraft carriers, and some submarines opera! inc off coast. Simultaneously, Brigr Gen. Car'~ H. \Vash, hcsri of the iiitcr- these times, and this country ! won't have forgotten German sub! marines which prow Ted off our coasts in the last war. The astonishing reports of Japanese warplanes over Snn Francisco Bay, and off the Aleutians, emphasise this clanger. ^Hitler's chief aid at the moment must he to spike our war aid to Britain and the other allies. In that direction lies his salvation, for it will be disastrous for him if Russia emerges powerful in the spring, and the other allies are al! set for action. NEW ACTION Thus far the Nazis haven't em- troops had landed in the Philippines. The spokesman asserted thr> landing: was effected without losses, IJNB said. He aNn told of successful landings without casualties on Britain's Malay Peninsula and in Thailand. . This was a c;uisn for satisfaction, he said. Stubborn resistance had been c.v-' pccteri because "British airplanes had sighted the Japanese convoy prematurely." Rooscvelt's program of encircling Japan had been based upon a miscalculation of Japan's , - umarneey repu ceptor command, reported planes have amassed. iTwouldn" be - Twenty-Five Transports Off Thailand Coast Bases For Landings SINGAPORE. Dec. 9.— IJP) — ... motors here and at «her wcstein Washington fields, ready to take the air as .soon as the weather modcnUeil. 37 Americans Died In Raids First Official U. S. Casualty List Revealed Following Attack On Hawaii he resented criticism of Kimmel. ! WASHINGTON". Dec. 9 - -<=T\- \ ~ VJ!n Zandt said House members • The War Depanmc-nt" published ; D ¥1 W W ¥* 1* ¥ end not appreciate the advance-•'he army's first official rasualiviO II 1.1.1". I I mem of criticism and when all re- . 'i*t of the «ar todav mnkinc* nnh '• ** ** ••••»• <ft A Thus far the Nazis haven't em- "«mn«r h h ri .2L r 3pan s ployed anything like the total ,'n^ S The fruit of fleet of submarines they reputedly i I'"* "•responsible estimate has have amassed. It wouldn't be sur-!, 1° (1 5P r .' ve America of the nt-ic-,'M(T <^ ^«« 4i-_i i_ _. . ; * cry tounctation—naval <:nrmT-irn-- la^avju. 11 \\uuiun i oe sur- ; ,.„..,. e-.,,^^-,- -••—• ~> ...^ _ to see that armada come i }"* a foundation-naval .supenor- into action before long. Should 1 tj — anc j °/ " s hopes of obstruct- Hitler also be able to force' the!'"L-th / r , l ! straTlln S the natural. French into giving him their naw ! gr ?-? tn of the Japanese empire." French into giving him their naw. I T ,.- _ ... . , it would create a crave situation ! , ln l£ ? r ^ y , a , nnou nced that its for America and the allies } l?^ ,* £ aci ham ™ered Nichols Probably the crim experience 5" 10 "- u -?- ni . r base near Manila through which we have pa^ed !" thc P'^'PP'ncs in a mass at- since Sunday has removed the'( t ? ck ,_^?P. h c !? m ohshed "important danger of over-confidence on our ' part: The tradition has grown up that Uncle Sam could whip Japan jwiih one hand tied behind his , back.. Maybe he could, if he didn't ported attempting new landings J:T ! Bursts of applause" greeted his support of forces eng-accd in a hit- j remarks, as well as a statement ter battle to gam control of Kota I ^ Rcp ' Van ZancU < R -P"> —v. - , ', nr rr>*r*ntfiri ft-ti tr*itrm ^.F r.-;. oharu airdrome. A communioue acknowledged that the lapanose had suceeded in landing fresh IroOD^ in thr Knta . ~" "*""-. —". - ~ ^ ; ,; - ""• '"im.i. uummu JIIID- Bhari- area vesferday afternoon P °?- S - xvcrerm <hcrrc «' OU W be no : to iho nr . nnos of 37 a ^.^ and declared'that the situatior. I ."V, cism of any - o[ the admirals and men killed ; n action in »h« there was confused after a nicht of hesvy fightintr "" i • & ' "« tu i.,.n t >. n nK.- « .-MIUIIJ sji.-w ,>uit.- cuiiumssionen ouicers It also asserted that the Japan-! U ??f 3 , ter '"^ House iVaval Com- j all of the a.r forces, and the olh- . . : '" 01 "'t ..>.t|>nii (niitJr-o hr>arr? T?nn \r;n^«r,t . r\ T.-.-I , r.rc olo« -*-*~~ -,:.. I f-se \verr bringing into action (Continued on rape. 8) pub- : which shelled tiny Midway Island, put the clay that "it can happen here." | The detection of enemy air- j craft over the strategically I vital San Francisco area and ! the threat of an enemy car; rier lurking off shore served I as a realistic introduction for • the report President Roose! velt has promised the country ! on the progress of hostilities ; with Japan. ,,,,.,,,,,1 i T , hc w 'iite House said Mr. Roos- WarSniOS WOUld Be Cal ed i c V elt . h ¥ no 'nformarion on these u Amo ,\/,-, ... u f^nes beyond that available to riome Wmle Nippon Has I t!lc P rcs - s Free Hand In Far Fa^t L Most of ' llis da i' Wiis reserved NCC HdllQ in far CaSl ,• f or preparation of a radio address i tomghj. which his secretai-y. Stc- . . ___ BY JOHN M. HIGHTOWER 1 ? hen E , ar!y ' said u ' ould have to do a ! arge cxtcn >. "with what bo ca!lpci fhe N whole situation." ?llr - Roosn\-eit had Ear1 -" \V4<^r-iTivrTmv A f T, , ) — Afar-flung Japanese ; effort to panic the United ! No States into withdrawing its ! main battle fleet to horn? u-at- ! ers appealed to be under way. them with press rcnort.' and that today as part of an almost incredibly daring plan for a swifl rot, of all American mil- uary and naval power in the ''•• " 1IS morning had to do with the Far East. i XVcp! Coast condition of last even- This was the interpretation , l^docs •• ^ " mUCh ab ° Ut Jt as winch some informed quarters! Tn , „.._-,here piaced on the bold aerial reconnaissance of the San Francisco tncrc was no '°" to issue. Early tolf! w thn -L r * sinking aistance ancisco ' where three air '" area fast night the reoorts ficians in ^ncou^T C. Japanese naval units were off the .-, Aleuiian -Islands, and the expcc- ' ie Pf ™ S »?° t ans ' ver to that. It tauon in Canada that an attack ' a " hal th ° Amiy and fc -pia uniizaiion of the initial ad- • Coast. Thc • picture is much ^ anta gcs gamed at the start of the j broader." Ch st-1 Mr. Roosevelt's the first major move of the war. ' , . a United States possession 1.-100 : Thc fl 'rsl action designed to this miles west 'of Honolulu, set bans;- ! cnd w ' a * the devastating raid on ars and fuel stores ablaze in ^ bombardment yesterday, said 3r than has yet (Continued nn Paer K) Pcarl Harbor. a In "'self this attack had the cf- i ; feet of greatly narrowing the > ; Pacific ocean in a naval sense and ! large number of aircraft " n an ?^J! 1 ^ *°™°™. ^ponsible endeavor to sain a measure of air f °L Ha ?- ail . s d , c . fcnsc ' was asleep.' endeavor to gain a measure of air superiority in northern Malaya to enable them to cover a landing in southern Thailand." Apparently, the British said, the Japanese planned an attempt tc disembark troops at Singora and Petani in southern Thailand as well as at Kota Bharu. ,-._ ,.^- v»*_- V- * I 14 - 11 I V^k/* J I I ' • • ' ^- • »««V- tl » I If! ^_L.» • ft I III III heard Rcp. Vincent (D-Ky) t ers also were air corps men. assert that someone responsible ' ^""e names wore announced as a STATIC NEW Vf)KK. Drr. !).— t.X*\ — Thr Hprninn mrtto niinlcd 'TO- Thc Kenluckian made the statement just before the committee recommended a bill, already passed by the Senate, to "freeze" all enlistments in the JS'avy for the duration of the war. ' His criticism developed when he (Continued on Pape 8) partial list of the casualties from Sunday's bombardment of thf Island of Oahu, Hawaii, by Jap~- anese air units. "Thc adjutant general of the army, in er.ch case, notified the next of kin of the deep regret of . ihe secretary of war at the death of this soldier in the defense •:{ his (country." the war department said. Mokau llori. rlupatirso •spokesman, as saying today (o foreign press representatives that "I fhJhlf Sovict-Jnpanrsc relations will remain as heretofore, nnnio- ly on the basis treaty." the neutrality RAIDS AT MANILA % MANILA, Dec. 9 — <&)— nila had two air alarms tonight, the second coming at 9:50 p. m. (8:50 a. m.. E. S. T.) communique. . ... k. I>.%.\1^O I.AI\lj.\ : - v^.,.,,,, la* a ItCSVCll i^il^l^ it IIU ' <A Tokyo broadcast heard by cvcn raised the possibility that,' CBS. declared that Guam and i under a favorable combination of : U-ake. two other United Stales: circumstances, the very coast of : stepping stones across the Pacific!'be United States might be tern- ; Crom Pearl Harbor lo Manila, i porarity vulnerable to hit-and-run ' were now under the Japanese flag. : operations. i The broadcast was heard Inst i Quickly taking advantage of the ' night, and there was no subsc- initiative gained, the Japanese—i quern elaboration.) « ; as all evidence indicated today— i Thc Japanese said they shot ! apparenily had maneuvered an : down nine planes in their attacks-i aircraft carrier clear across 5.200 i on Wake Island yesterday. [ miles of the Pacific to the very! At the same time imperial head-Chores of California and sent re- ! quarters announced that Japan's ' connaissance planes roaring land- '•. air and land forces began an at-! ward through the night. ; tack upon the area of Singapore i ELIMINATE PROTECTION this morning. What could the Japanese hope The announcement said that the j to gain by such a maneuver? The attack opened at 10:20 a. m. <S:20 most probable ansxver seemed to p. m., E. S. T.. Monday) and that j be a panic-born demand that the many Japanese warplancs sweep-! fleet be brought home. Such a ing the skies had destroyed many j move would strip the fleet of its They have paid.for medical ri- fearch en the problem of tubercu- loiii amonjj young children, young »dult« and young mother*. SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. S.—(AP)—The army and navy were on (he prowl today for an enemy aircraft carrier which sent at least two squadrons of planes in reccnnaisance flights over industrial plants ringing San Francisco Bay—without dropping a bomb. The 30-odd planes ranged from San -Jose at the .south lip of the hay to the huge naval yard at Mare Island, the fourth army interceptor command reported. The flight caused (he first blackout in San i Bharu. ' (Conflrm-d on P«™ x^ u! ^ s ?l d * cr in lh , c defense if his the second coming at 9:50 p m. lng the skies had destroyed many j move would strip the fleet of its adult* and yoim a mother..' . (ioiuinti,ci on I age 8) (country, the war department said. /g-50 a m F s T ^ ir* ,- j « — — ( m " F " **• T ° _Kontmued on Page 8) i (Continued on Page 8) PLANES REPORTED OVER SAN FRANCISCO AREA C I'ranrisrn't hUtnrv T\vr» nMmr- KU,>1.-^,,*.- t^\ . _. » ... ' Francisco's history. Two other blackouts followed in the darknrss of early morning, but the army did not disclose whether enemy planes again approached. ' Army interceptor planes followed the first of the enemy squadrons, but were unable to determine where they finally went. The navy then tcok up a search for a plane carrier, presumably lurking off California's coast, and possibly oOO or GOO miles at sea. "I don't think there's any doubt the planes came from a carrier," said Lieut. General John 1.. DeWitt. commander of the* fourth army and the western defense command. San Francisco learned of the presence of enemy planes after hours of confused ami conflicting reports given out during a sudden early evening air raid alarm—first on the mainland —and blackout lasting two and a half hours. Afterward, while searchers still sought whereabouts of one group of lo planes thai flew southward from San Jose, 50 miles south San Francisco, blackouts were placed in effect in almost every major xvest coast city. Army sources said tbe enemy planes flew inland over the coast line west of San -lose about 6 p. m. (PST), then the formation split into two squadrons and 15 planes. One squadron flew southward and vanished. The second squadron flew northward past the San Francisco bay cities and up the hay to the vital Mare Island navy base, 25 miles from San Francisco. After scouting the navy yard from a great elevation, this squadron flew westward and through the Golden Gate out to sea. Reports from the army did not indicate any anti-aircraft fire. The enemy planes themselves did not fire a shot. General Dewitt, talking with newsmen, said finding the carrier at sea might prove difficult. "The carrier would have moved after they (the planes) were launched, and they would (Continued on Page Two)

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