The High Point Enterprise from High Point, North Carolina on December 8, 1941 · Page 1
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The High Point Enterprise from High Point, North Carolina · Page 1

High Point, North Carolina
Issue Date:
Monday, December 8, 1941
Page 1
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Kvdra THE HIGH POINT ENTERPRISE VOL. 57—NO. 342 MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS HIGH POINT. N. C., MONDAYAFTERNOON, DECEMBER 8, 1941 COMPLETE NBA SERVICE PRICK FIVE CENTS U S. DECLARES WAR Swift Action Is Taken By Joint Bodies Senate Votes Unanimously For War Declaration Shortly After President Asks For Immediate Action; Both Houses Show Greatest Unity With Policy House Votes 388 To 1 WASHINGTON, Dec. 8.—(AP)—Congress voted a formal declaration of war against Japan today after President Roosevelt requested immediate action as an answer to Japan's "unprovoked and dastardly attack" on Hawaii. A united Congress acted swiftly after the President had revealed that American forces lost two warships and 3,000 dead and wounded in the surprise dawn attack yesterday The Senate vote was 82 to 0. The House began its roll call vote at 1:05 p. m. Eastern standard time. _ Both branches had just cheered to the echo President Roosevelt's appeal for the declaration. "I ask." the chief executive told a joint session, "that the Congress declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly Japan on Sunday, Decemebr 7th, a state of war'has existed between the United States and the Japanese Empire " The President said that yestrday was "a date 'which will live in infamy." QUICK ACTION . Within 20 minutes after he finished the Senate had acted. • . The momentous doings at the Capitol followed a White! House announcement that Japan's sudden attack on Hawaii I yesterdav had cost the United States two warships and 3 000 i dead and wounded. ' ' Standing at the rostrum of the House chamber the chief executive, in a scene such as had not been enacted since 1917 ? ls ?^!P!SSl-Japanese bombers had "caused severe damage to Amerteaffnaval and military forces and that "many Ameri- hvt lA«4- 11 , * • *** *** 000 *** *** * 4, s U. S. BATTLESHIP REPORTED AT^ICKED - Reports from the scene said set fire to the United States battlpshin oiriaVmma i~.\^,.~\ :„ . u^.. __• , Harbor base and Honolulu. Ok.ahoma (alW ve, ta raid on Pearl +u iiS5; Roosevelt did not give figures in his address, but the White House had disclosed earlier that the United States had lost two warships and 3,000 dead and wounded ) «. ? ut; ^ he President asserted, while Congress again filled the chamber with deafening cheers: "No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion, the American people will in thier righteous might win through to absolute victory " His speech was brief, but it was pointed. And when it was completed. Congress set about to adopt the resolution declar ing war, with every indication that it would be done quickly Members of the floor of the House set up shouts of "vote VOtG *'?!*£. a f S °°? aS , Mr - Roosevelt had left the chamber ' All the tumult which followed Mr. Roosevelt's speech was n sharp contract with the.mood in which Congress assembled There were few smiles and only a subdued hum of conver- S3 Lion. Philippines Bombed Twice Oavao And Baguio Are Bombed By Daylight By . Long-Range Japanese Bombers MANILA, Dec. 8—M 3 )—Japanese bombers ranging from Luzon to Mindanao struck at least twice at the Philippine? today and Manila, which so far lias escaped bombing, was blacked out tonight beneath overcast skies. The army headquarters announced that Davao. center of concentrated Japanese population] on the southernmost of the large! islands, and Baguio, summertime j mountain capital of the Philippines north of Manila, had been I bombed by daynight. Up to 7:20 p. m. (6:20 a. m. EST) Manila itself still was free from attack, but as night drew near, anxiety increased that Japanese air raiders would breakthrough the city's outer defenses under rover of darkness. A full blackout was in force and all radio stations were ordered off the air from 5:30 p. m. to 6 a m (4:30 n. m. EST to 5 p. m. today). Thc attacks on Davao and Baguio were carried out in daylight. Army officials said they were in- rounrimg area, and authorities Jong have kept a close watch on the district as a possible danger point.) • Seventeen raiders were reported to have struck at Baguio. The mayor of Davao reported later that the Japanese had made a second assault oh Davao and had the a bay * aircraft carrier in LANGLEY DAMAGED (An NBC report from Manila there was an unconfirmed re- Nazis Blame U. S. For War .German Government. Spokesman Calls President 'Roose- TeirFatherOfWaf By LOUIS P. LOCHXER BERLIN. Dec. 8— (/P)— A Wil- helmstrasse spokesman said today the curse of the entire world would rest upon President Roosevelt, whom he called "the father of war," as he commented on the Far Eastern war. Thc spokesman gave his comment in the daily press conference without waiting for questions from foreign correspondents. He said ho was not authorized Thailand Allows Troops Of Japan sor. However, he stated: ""But ! from my commentary there should be little doubt about that." I ner Langley had been damaged ) One Japanese plane xvas said to have been shot down in Davao bay. but the result of the reported attack on the aircraft carrier was not clear. Francis B. Sayre, American high commissioner in the Philippines, meanwhile declared that Ihe situation was "well in hand" (Br-TM A*ioelated Pre»») BANGKOK, Thailand, Dec. 8.—Thailand, after "'brief resistance to Japanese invasion from the sea arid across the French Indo-China border, ceased firing today and opened negotiations with the invaders. The results of ihe negotiations :teri to be announced Japanese force? poured into Thailand from three coasial As seen from a historical point | P 01 "'*- Prachuapgirikhand. Sin- of view, he asserted, it was unim-! " ora and Patani which arc on thc portant whether war would be southernmost part of Thailand's declared between Germany and Ihe United States as a result of Far Eastern events. "Now Roosevelt has the war he has wanted," the spokesman said "Now American ' ploughed under. "The Shy lock „ ,,,„,.,. House x x x- first tried to bluff Japan, then encircled her every «'ay to prevent her from realizing her national principles and territorial needs." The spokesman continued: "Who of us hasn't held his breath as news came that the cannons have begun to speak in the Pacific? "Who wouldn't shudder at (he C - -VI A I l*-l J Itl I III .^ Oulf of Siam coast, close to British Malaya, and across the land frontier from their southern Indo- China base at Siemreap. (Domei broadcast from Tokyo . .„ - • u,... vtt i i, .-i i v» *.t\ t \_-i n L * J It. knowledge that the entire earth is now dominated by one thought —war; that mothers and children carry in their hearts only one conception—war: that tears and Wood have become the coat of arms of the world 1" vestigating reports that Tarlac on the island of Luzon also had been bombed. Army and navy centers ncar JUanila. such as thc big island fortress of Corregridor. Nichols airport and the Cavitc. cs attack in though the ...., „„. Some outer military objectives. Washing tan' By RAY TUCKER DENIALS—"Wild -Bill" Donovan? Propaganda. Bureau, which is charged with breaking down axis morale abroad, suddenly has become the target of domestic and foreign enemies. It has been assailed as another Gestapo and as a hotbed of Communist symna- thizers. Both Washington and New York re-echo with reports that a dozen Reds were employed originally, and that they have been ' °" c ^ - - — — ~j^-^,, |»v«* «mju lienefit of publicity, tiie apparent^ are that inside facts. discharged, radio monitor of the k otfice is under invests.^ - -.---., v'i'^7 vj tj jv. n i » ^ v. i '*3 I|rtr> h\.' fJio /^i\*i I O * *-~r *,sr- ^'^RMlaa vjaiSS some damage, thc nouncrment said. , .. of the most - . ! campaigned tor • before an "imperialist." But he may be dismissed because of thc technical violation. Colonel Donovan declines to clis- boys will be lhat the Japanese embassy in I Bangkok reported that British the White forces had crossed from Malaya ' in *o Thailand shortly after dawn this morning and were being swept back by the Japanese. Japan, it said, was acting to save Thailand's independence and peace TO PERMIT TROOPS TOKYO. Dec. S—iVPj—The Japanese board of information announced today over thc Tokyo radio an agreement between Japan and Thailand for passage of Japanese troops through Thailand. Domci quoted an earlier Japanese embassy announcement from Bangkok that Japanese forces were engaged in sweeping from Thailand British forces which it said hari crossed thc Malaya border into that country early this morning. The statement declared that Japan had received conclusive evidence that British forces, carrving out pre-arranged plans, had crossed thc Malaya border soon after dawn. It added that Japan, in order (o maintain peace in the soupthcrn Pacific and save Thailand's independence, began negotiations with thc Thai government while Japanese forces were engaging the t British on Thai soil. cuss the sharpshooting af his agency. But friends attribute thc counter-offensive to three sources. They ace supposed to consist of, political intriguers and rivals in other Administration departments,' bitter non-interventionists, and Fascist propagandists. Despite denials of thc charges against the Bureau's personnel. Martin Dies has begun a private inquiry into the lives of staff members. * * * DRAI.V—Confidential plans for overhauling the Selective Service System, so as to provide a greatly expanded Army and Navy, have been under study at the Capital for some months. On thc basis of Army-Navy purchases and pro- ! posed expenditures, it is obvious i that a military force of at least j a.OOO.OOG men. an air force of 2.- ! - , n ..,,., 000.000 and a naval personnel of '< r ° Z ° /"." they h ' ve hslpeo 1.000000 nrn rniii/Mvmt.,1^ i,^-., : f>"anc« scientific search for a cure Japan Attack More Serious Than Supposed Military Action Around. Hawaii Is Still Going On; Americans Rally To Defense (Bj The Associated Press) WASHINGTON, Dec. 8. — The White House disclosed that American forces lost two warships and 3,000 dead and wounded in the Japanese attack on Hawaii. The White House said that the surprise da\vn attack of the Japanese yesterday resulted in the capsizing of an oid battleship, the destruction of a destroyer, damage to other vessels and destruction of a relatively large number of planes. It added that several Japanese planes and submarines had been accounted for. . j This \vas announced as a war' resolution was drafted for immediate introduction in the Congress which President Roosevelt was addressing on the Far Eastern situation at a momentous joint' session at 12:30 p.m. Chairman Connally (D-Texas) Com- resolu- Pacific W Great Britain Declares War gainst Japan Churchill Makes Good His Promise to Support United States in. Pacific (Ry .The Associated rre«s) LONDON, Dec. 8. — Great Britain declared war on Japan today, allying herself with the United States. Prime Minister Churchill, beginning a statement as soon as he entered Commons, summoned in a special session to hear his deciara-1 SHIP the President wouid say 1,500 KILLED ii.. A " -official \Vhit_e House statement The first authentic govern-' merit appraisal of the attack yes- tf>»t1*'VJ':r *««H thai •iii.i.-il.iTVr.:*.", JAPANESE BURN STATE PAPERS—Shortly after Presi- Roosevelt reported Japans attack on the United States Sunday, this member of the Japanese embassy staff in Washing^on began burning state.papers on the grounds of the em- Hacc^r •••-.'-• , ; • j . . , : . expected to mount to about 3,000, nearly half of them fatalities. It was disclosed that active resistance was "still continuing" against the Japanese* attacking ion* in. the vicinity of Haxvaif. Reinforcements of planes are be'— "ished to the island, the House said, and reoair \vork i is-underway on ships, planes and ! ground lacilities i , T/WP' te Housc saifl f h ** Wake ! -nd Midway glands, in addition to ..he ^island of Guam and Rons-! \or>£ China, had been attacked i but that details were lacking. Asked whether there was anv final information why Japan , a ™ e _ l ,° ,-7 et jnsWc the outer bassy. group Secretary Stephen Early said it was the consensus of experts that probably al! thc attacking planes came from car- Hnr ?wW « Ch * 3d movcd forward during the nisht and sent their nlancs aloft. The attack came at dawn yesterday. Congress Unified On Policy Of War Against Japanese Treachers Attack On American Forces In Pacific-Brings Ail Congressional Leaders Rallying To Support Of President Roosevelt's Administration cao the battleship xvhich cat,4ed yonri the statement that she lion, said: "As soon as I heard last night that Japan had attacked the _„ i., —"•—"- IIICT I *ue \\as United Slates I fell it necessary ? n £„ ? n Jy T" 6 sllip turr >ed over that Parliament, should be imme- — "~~ ~ ' " cliately summoned." The House of Lords aiso had been called to sit simultaneously to hear the British prime minister's historic pronouncecmnt. Churchill told Commons that thc war declaration against Japan was authorized at a noon session of his Cabinet. . "I spoke to President Roosevelt on Die Atlantic telephone last night with a view to arranging thc time of our respective declara- lion." dun-chili disclosed NOTIFY TOKYO "Instructions were sent to our ambassador at Tokyo and a com- fpi-o.,-.,™ , --"- «« munication was dispatched to the no ,,p ir fp ; nt ^ nc !. telephone calls Japanese charge cf affaires at- 1 Thnv fn ! -^ ^' h)te Hou ^- r»"^1/-»/^L- « n^\ ~.*, i T T~«-» «-n* . . * 'It. V rti J ST_r*f*5S5Pn T-inY-r-^t- « « *i_ _ WASHINGTON. Dec. s—</PI— Japan's attack upon the United j States virtually obliterated the -- .,., ..rir.1. i lines between Congressional sup- There was no identification nf I po - rt - crs and °PP° n cnts of the ad- ie battlpshm «-I,;M "" ?!",". OI ministrations foreign nolicv. Rp- m Pearl Harb^rT ^av^E Hawaiian base. The statement said that several other shins "hare been seri'ou™' ••?™ ged - ^ one destroyer was JSi «h- UP> 3n< ?. 5everal othel " small ships were seriously hit " in M £' han ~ ars were destroyed m the bombing of Army and Navv — fields the White House said ministration's foreign policy. Republicans and Democrats alike called for defeat of thc aggressors. Lawmakers • such as Senator Wheeler (D-Mont) and Representative Fish fR-NYK who had been outspoken critics of the administration foreign policy, asserted that the situation called for unified action by the nation. Wheeler said at Billings, Mont.: Committee—"It is an act of desperate men and will result as such acts generally do—in tho~e men's own destruction. The Japanese government has plainly gone mad.' XOT SURPRISED Senator Guffey ID-Pa), member of thc Foreign Relations Committee—"I am disappointed, but not surprised, and I f^vor an immediate declaration of war." Representative Ebcrharter (D- Pa). member of the Foreign Affairs Committee—"There is only "The only thing now is to do ? nc thm - for l)s to < io and th?t is our best to lick hell out of them" T ° 5 ° a11 ollt and tr V <o destroy Fish declared that the American " "" "" ... - — --..,. , „ j ,y_, i iv-^ lit i y •fapan s navy completely as nuick- <y "s possible." Chairman Bloom fn.WM ^t n,- were put out of commission " j ncoplc should "present a united '> "-* Possiijic. In making the announcement nf; front in p "PPort of thc President < - nai ™an Bloom (D-NYl of the the attack on H«waii. carlv^aid i of tlu? Un!t( " ri States, thc com-1 H< ?!£ c F ™'™K" Affairs Committee Mere had been a tremendoifs nub-! man< : icr -in-chief of Ihe armed j~ "\ c . Armv ar >d N~«vy will i^ko lie reaction throughout the'coun ' forccvs -" OV ° r situation with .1 united try to Japans assault. It wa<= ex-1 Other Con^rc^ional comment- )50oplc '^'"d them under their pressed, he said, in hundreds of i'TpEACHEROUS^ACT C0mmc " 1 ' ! commandcr-in-chiof." !T -i»^r7 •* —T 1_ - - S~~1- _ • _ . . -+ *• o'clock (oday (7 a.- m., EST) stating that in view of Japan's wanton ac<s of unprovoked aggression, the British government informed them that a state of war existed between the two countries," Churchill went on. He recalled that "with the full approval of the nation and the empire I pledged the word of Great Britain atxmt a month ago that should the United States be involved in war with Japan, a British declaration would follow within the hour." Churchill said the Japanese began landing in British territory in Northern Malaya at 6 a. m. yesterday (6 p. m., Saturday. EST) and were engaged immediately by British forces "which were ready." He said Home Office measures against Japanese nationals were ^ 1 !, 0: ' iri >v n - <4:45 P- '"Sunday and told the House it could sor. therefore, "that no time lias b:-en lost pnd we arc actually ahead of «mr on rr a r 'cmcnts " TO Atn THAILAND Britain, tho prime mini.-tor snicl. has asutred "Thailand UIRI an at I it's "over over The present draft system will (Continued on Tage S) tack on hor will bo regarded as an " ailv 1-ir.r-o.ic^ !„ v "-"'-uu<j ano a navai personnel of i .- . .. • — •,.-- •-•• ' D R u". voll 1-OOO.GOO arc contcmplalcd before : T" 9 "" scientlflt " arch for a cure } ''?f k , on llpr w , • ^- f: ; asl ^ car - jfs "over over there" ' or tu! >ereulosis. The search i s go- | n ""CK on us. Stalinists con-. -,-,. . .. • jng on this very day jn , 0 | 3bora , j 'Thailand already has been at- tories throughout the country! ! !ack °d n nd. according to the Jap were put out of commission "A number of bombers arrived • _„„ , , , • --- -- — ••"!' pfieiy from San Franci«co during lnSuauS y ' iaS &UbmiUCd l ° ^r,f g -en,-w hi ,eirwSTn g . ouse They all stressed horror at the M * and "P' cd * ed loyalty, full aid and support to the President " that they came fnV y came from all types of persons, from cab drivers to state governors FIGHT CONTINUES .h^f'r • Sl J Wly rCRd to rrporicrs- . »» flC S' s ^ temp » f on thc battle at Hawaii, saying the nouncement had been an- Senator Pepper (D-Fla). member of the Foreign Relations Committee— "We must x x x declare war. not only upon Japan ii,it upon the whole Axis federation- for Hitler has unmistakably urged Janan to this attack." Senator Ships: cad - — "Twrnty-sovcn years of American foreign policy has ended in fnilnre. x x the American pc-oplo -must 'in the of the Hawaiian Islands are still continuing. A num- maH marmes and been destroyed The ' , .v.. v. i/^ t i| UL'M ro\ £G darnape caused to'our forces Uahu m yesterday's attack n Chairman Reynolds (D-NO of the Senate Military Affairs Committee—"I am 100 per cent against war. I want to know all about what has happened before say anything about declaring >-!«-ar." at McNary Sen- or a o er hip, ouslvdama^d P ;ate minority leader—''The Repub- all go along with what - ° Chairman May (D-Ky) of thc House Military Affairs Committee —"Thc most treacherous act of any government I know, since we were in Jhe midst of negotiations for peace." Senator George (D-Ga). member of thc Foreign Relations Committee—"It may take two or three years of war in the Pacific to fight, this war to thc end." -.-... , „„ ,„.,, Representative McCormick fD- ;nmv accp P' "^ con?enu?nr^ and Mass), the House majority leader "° ^nriimem now alter the calm but dr-tVrmm-H r ™ cic fac t s - Srn?tor Ball (R-Minn)-'The Ln.tod States is at war with .Tar>an and let s realize th?t we ako are at war with Gerni?.ny artr) Tt^lv " Representative Dirs (D.-Tox.i, Chairman of the House Commit'— to investigate unAmencan ac- firs—"it's jus« a Question of ngming from now on." Chairman Connally 'D.-Tc\.1 of tho Senate Foreign Affairs Committee—"Let the Japanese ?mba!=- in mv opinion." (referring sac ^or go b?ck to his masters nnrl of whether the tf>1! 'hem that the United States would ask for a war | answers Japan's challenge with j-ferl throated cannon and a snsrp Martin fR-j^word of retribution. Wr- slis;! House minority leader - j repoy hrr dastardly tronchrrv \vith ocvrra 1 ot h^r cniaii i • -*-,--- ....,..., . .... .,., v-^,. t « x ^,MII.PJI rimi H Misrp srriouslv hit \rniv anri S v"° rf> i-vi\ 31X> Tr" taHv(? M a r ' ' n 'R-i svvorri of r ?trib»tion. \\-r sl^H fiolrts «W bom'h-dI «-«h t-,« Vy -»^f • minority lender - j rei»y hrr dastardly troncVrv \viih sultinc ri«ctrue?ioriI of V^rL'i i ""^ IS a •^ rio " :; moment. We i muitipiied Iwmbs in the air and ,,rs and-S^ute^IlL^I^"-' ~* l ?^ .about politics., tho heaviest sheMs from th, soa." -a>-<: an^ * 1 ~. .-^.., rt , linn- \\(ML' nOI in King 31! «™ ™f, "J? 1 ?? n ™*?« P' ancs O f - counsc there: will _ ,_ — ,„_ .,,,_• ^. -. 1111 oc non r*. (After a meeting' of cabinet members. Congressional leaders and President Roosevelt.» Senator Thomas iD - Utnh>. - . mcinocr of the Foreign Relations ancse nation." Senator Clark iD.-Mo.). fro<1"enl»critic of administration foreign policy, at St. Louis- "Tnc result of Japan's TCI ion will be the practical destruction of thc Jap-

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