(Ark.) Courier New* - Tuesday, June 18,1968 - Page Old Housing Law Revived by Supreme Court By BARRY SCHWEID Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON (AP) - The Supreme Court has turned a long-obscure civil rights law into a far-reaching ban on racial discrimination in the sale and rental of housing. Beyond .that, the 7-2 decision Monday hinted that the ,13th Amendment banning slavery gave Congress the power to strike at private acts of discrimination generally, if it wants to use the power. The ruling, one of several Stunners dealt out at term's end, said housing discrimination —private or .officially sane- tioned-is a. "relic of slavery" that was outlawed in 1866. The Reconstruction law, an outgrowth of the 13th Amendment, "bars all racial discrimination, private as well as public, in the sale or rental of property," Justice Potter Stewart declared. His majority opinion, opposed only by two justices, goes far beyond the 1968 civil rights law signed by President Johnson in April. This year's law exempted many small residential units and would not have a major impact until next year. The court's ruling spoke of no exceptions. And while the 1866 law has no specific federal'en- forcement machinery, Stewart's opinion means Negroes can go to court now to assert their rights. Chief Justice Earl Warren and Associate Justices Hugo L. Black, William 0. Douglas, William J. Brennan Jr., Abe Fortas and Thurgood Marshall comprised the majority with Stewart. Justices John M. Harlan and Byron R. White dissented, saying the finding that the old law applies to purely private actions "is almost surely wrong and at the least is open to serious doubt." Because the court prefers to announce its holdings in bunches instead of spacing them out, the housing decision overshadowed other big rulings. Among them were: 1. Sanction -for police to keep jailing chronic drunks found on the city streets. 2. A ban on denying welfare to needy children solely because of their mother's sex conduct. 3. Freedom for community antenna television operators to pick up copyrighted movies and cartoons from TV stations with; out having to pay for them. I The 5-4 decision on drunks was surprising, particular!) since the court six years ag said California could not mak it a crime for a person to be ad dieted to narcotics. Justice Marshall, .in tin court's judgment, stressed tha facilities for treating impover ished alcoholics "are woefullj lacking throughout the coun •try." "It would be tragic," he said "to return large numbers o helpless, sometimes dangerous and frequently unsanitar ... By AUSTIN SCOTT . Associated Press Writer ... WASHINGTON (AP) - Just a little more than five weeks ago, the Rev. Ralph David Abernathy drove a symbolic stake into a grassy mall to mark the beginning of his campaign to "end poverty in this nation of PONY sets the pace and a modern auto If reduced to one horsepower. £M ChfibS??BloomtafUm, Ind., who had to chase^ ter the runaway animal and brine it home. Horse had last laugh, however, as do most pets.; Hypnotism to Stop mokinq Harmful? **/ • By RALPH DIGHTON .... . AP Science Writer .... . SAN FRANCISCO (AP) - Us- .ng hypnosis to stop smoking / may hurt more people than it helps, a psychiatrist warned to- iay. Dr. Sheldon B. Cohen of Atlanta told the annual convention 6f the American Medical Association, "longtime smokers of- ter, run into psychiatric trouble when they stop smoking." He cited the case of a man who gave up smoking under hypnosis and a few weeks later got drunk at a party and beat up his wife and his best friend. "I had to suggest that he resume smoking while undergoing intensive psychiatric treatment,". Cohen said. The psychiatrist said a study of available scientific literature and 10 cases in his own practice had persuaded him "no one has yet demonstrated that hypnosis is generally indicated to help people stop smoking." Of the 10 cases, Cohen said, four stopped smoking for as long as a few weeks but all eventually resumed smoking. "There may .be some cases in which hypnosis is helpful," he said, "but nobody knows, enough about smoking yet to say that this or any other technique is a sure way to help the longtime smoker. "Unless you have -something better "to give: people as 'a''ten- sion-relieving device, perhaps it is-better to leave them alone." Cohan said all 10 of his cases lad serious illnesses, aggravated by smoking. But taking-cigarettes from them'he said, appeared to present hazards greater than the obvious risk in continuation of smoking. In another talk a doctor re- Resurrection City Misses Mark inebriates to the streets of our cities without even the opportunity to sober up adequately which a brief jail term provides." Stewart, who in several instances -this term showed new liberal leanings, dissented with Fortas, Douglas and Brennan. The welfare decision, a unanimous ruling given by Warren, struck down Alabama's version- of the "man-in-the-house" rule and could knock out similar rules in 17 other states. Alabama, said Warren, violated the 1935 Social Security law and federal policy by barring assistance to needy children solely because their mothers had extramarital sex-relations. The CATV decision, a 5-1 ruling announced by Stewart, likened cable relay systems to antennas people put on their roofs to improve TV reception. These relays, Stewart said with Fortas objecting alone, do not amount to public performances. Thus, he reasoned, CATV operators do not violate federal copyright law when they relay copyrighted movies and cartoons to subscribers without compensating the firms that licensed the material. downpours, driving more than i olent elements would come forth Washington. plenty." That original spot has long since been obscured by sticky mud and the trappings of Resurrection City, just as the original goals have been somewhat obscured by the enormous problems developed in running the campaign. Today, on the eve of a big march he had planned to use as a demonstration of national support, the Poor People's Campaign seems as far from reaching its ambitious goal as when it started. Despite a generally sympathetic reception from government agencies, the hundreds of pages of detailed answers they gave to campaign demands added up to few real concessions. And despite Abernathy's promise to "rain plague after plague on the pharoahs of this two-thirds of the 3,000 who were once in the nation's capital to seek shelter with friendly families, or else return home. Perhaps most important, as Abernathy made clear repeatedly early in May, the campaign was to publicize what life in poverty is all about, to expose usually hidden conditions of life in America so that the people would demand that congress act. King called it a last chance to prove that nonviolence worked, and Abernathy again and again i voiced fears that if it failed, vi- ta further split the races, with drastic consequences for the na- In many ways, the future of , the campaign hinges on what | happens Wednesday. Sagging Wednesdays' Day of Support spirits at Resurrection City was originally planned to dem- could be revived by a strong onstrate to Congress how Amer-jshow of support, perhaps even tion. enough people left in the Lincoln Memorial campground to make keeping it up worthwhile. icans would flock to Washington to support the things the campaign stood for. But now, even that aim is clouded by the resignation of march organizer Bayard Rustin, who left his successor, Sterling Tucker, only 10 days to to the point where people and money would begin to flow back in. On the other hand, a turnout considerably under the 40,000 predicted Monday by Tucker might make moot the question of whether the campers stay be- make nearly all the arrange-1 yond the June 2 expiration date Tnents that took three months of of their permit. planning in the 1963 March on I There simply wouldn't be Man Knew Sirhan And Robert Kennedy WARNING ORDER IN THE CHANCERY COURT, CHICKASAWBA DISTRICT, MISSISSIPPI COUNTY, ARKANSAS Doris Jean Moody, Plaintiff, vs. No. 17585 Joseph Moody, Defendant. The defendant, Joseph Moody, is hereby warned to appear within thirty days in the court named in the caption hereof and answer the complaint of the plaintiff, Doris Jean Moody. Dated this 24th day of May, 1968, 3:00 o'clock P.M. SEAL GERALDME LISTON, Clerk. GERALDINE LISTON, D. C. Percy A. Wright, Attorney Ed B. Cook, Atty Ad Litem 5-28, 6-4, 11, 18 ,.. By BERNARD .. Associated Press Writer LA CANADA, Calif. (AP) The odds have been figured at 400 billion to 1 that any one nation," campaign leaders have 400 billion to 1 that any one themselves been visited with American knew both Sen. Rob- plague after unexpected plague, leaving them little time to devote to their original objectives. While Southern Christian Leadership Conference staff members argue over what the campaign has become, most agree it isn't what they, started out to make it. . UUL LU Jllcmc 11. ported a new hormonal contra-1 .. We>ve had a little trouble," ceptive given by injection oncej conc eded Hosea Williams, direc- every three months. " ' =->--' -><-The substance, commercially available but approved only for therapy, is medroxy-progeste- HOLLYWOOD PALS, Sen. George Murphy (R-Calif.) gets vote of thanks from "Lassie" after dog and television show received special citation from Senate for educational work on be- j half of fight against air and V water pollution. HERMON C. JONES BuiiBeM Mea'i unmnc* Co. KM So. PerUnt Extended . Suit* «4 Ph. (tt-MU , Mcmpub, teniwiM* ln.ui.nc V ••»«« n KM M>n - pununhlp - pontfoB '• Otow 1-emloB - M- ilrtment • itor of nonviolent demonstrations, last week. Congress was the announced focal point, but almost all of the demonstrations so far have fo : cused on government agencies. Both Dr. Martin Luther King banning Center of Los Angeles. , ~— Tyler said there__were no pregnancies among 216 women to whom he gave the drug over the past three.years. He said monthly injection of other hormonal drugs—proges- trogen and estrogen—was effec- .tive with 514 women. " Many women' were willing to continue with the drugs despite such side effects as nervousness, bleeding irregularity and nausea, he said. Tyler said neither method is likely to become readily available before considerable testing , and Abernathy, his successor, promised nonviolent civil disobedience that would jail thousands. __. despite repeated public pronouncements at rallies that the day for mass arrests was' close at hand, no more than two dozen participants have been jailed. Resurrection .City was intended to be a kind of "model shantytown," a city of tolerance and love that would serve as home ert F. Kennedy and Sirhan Sirhan, the obscure Arab immigrant accused of killing the senator. But a young California social worker from La Canada is in that rare position. He is John McGrain, 22, who was 'a classmate of Sirhan in John Muir High School in Pasadena in 1962 and 1963. McGrain met Kennedy, who was then attorney general, on a visit to Washington as president of the California Association o£ Student Councils. He also met President John F. Kennedy and Sen. Edward M. Kennedy. "Robert Kennedy impressed me in a way that I'll never forget, as I'll never forget the way in which Sirhan impressed me," McGrain said. Kennedy, he explained, epitomized youth and strength. Sir- for the 3,000. ton officialdom. Washing- aDle uciuie UUIIBIUCICTUI^ I.V.UH..O bv the Food and Drug Adminis- But the wettest spring in dec- ades nas Drou g nt almost daily REG. 24c _ BIG JUICY CHEESEBURGER had things to do, and that he knew what these things were and that he would do them. You could absolutely feel that he had the capacity to do good for our society." McGrain, a graduate student in political theory at the University of Southern California, said he felt disturbed in high school by class distinctions between students from well-to-do areas such as La Canada and those Sirhan from more humble surroundings. As president of the junior class council, McGrain said he initiated the contact with Sir- n. "He was not the sort who would approach you," McGrain said. "He wouldn't begin a conversation, for example, with a stranger. But once contact was made he was very warm. "He was a conscientious worker on these school projects. You could count on him when you gave him a job to do. I must say I liked him. Sirhan. entered , - other hand, "seemed fragile." As for Kennedy, said McGrain, "you could feel that he council activities, such as dance arrangements, or placing signs BEST BARGAIN IN BLYTHEVILIE (NO LIMIT) (Set Thu Pop«r For W«dn«»doy'» Special) TOUGH INTERNATIONAL 9 TOP-POWERED PICKUPS 60 MODELS TO CHOOSE FROM Your choice of: 6 engines, including new V-& 6 power- tuned transmissions, including automatic—heavy- duty rear axle—new long life paint finish —plus the complete safety package. EQUIPMENT CENTER INC. SO. HI-WAY 61 PH. PO 3-6863 in hallways, or helping in fundraising activitieis such as candy sales. The probability of McGrain's having personal contact with both Kennedy and Sirhan wa figured at 400 billion to 1 by i mathematics professor at the University of Southern California. Meanwhile in Amman, Jordan, the national bar association said four Jordanian lawyers would come to the United States shortly to take part in preparing Sirhan's defense. into various Strong Hint HARTFORD, Conn.' (AP) - A cap pistol and a hunting knife have been laid at the governor's doorstep as an apparent appeal for stricter gun control. The cap pistol, unloaded, and the sheathed knife were placed Monday on state capitol steps used regularly by Gov. John Dempsey. An attached message eaid: "Please end violence by passing a strong gun bill." How to Accumulate Money on the Installment Plan SYNDICATE OF AMERB*, IBS. Installment typa face-amount certificates to help you " ccu - mulote money systematically over a period of years. FORAPSOSPECTUS-BOOKLtrWRITEOR CALL YOUR JOSEPH OSIPUK 825 E. Main BIylheville. Ark. PO 2-2844 representing DIVERSIFIED SERVICES,INC> Drive a Buick Bargain and get a Bargain Buick. Now. At your Buick-Opel dealer.
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