Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on June 25, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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The Byline of Dependobi/ify Hope VOLUME 44—NUMBER 216 Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. Star The Weather Arkansas: Widely scattered thundershowers this afternoon; continued wai'rn this afternoon and tonight. HOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, JUNE 25, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Moans Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY Salonika Blasted by Allies Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN- After the War— Super-State or Judicious Alliances? The most challenging question, I told Hope Rotary club today noon at Hotel Barlow, was put by Sir Francis Bacon who asked why we refer in our histories to other days as being ancient times, when (Bacon says) "to speak truly these times are the ancient times, when the world is ancient?" . Price Rollback on Beef Empties ' Most Stockyards Chicago June 25—(/P)—Hundreds of cattle pens, yawning and silent, ;> surrounded Packingtown" at the Union Stockyards today, where normally they bulged with lowing steers and mooing calves. A beef famine theatcncd the armed forces and civilian supplies >f dwindled swiftly toward the van* ishing poll. At the same time, country feed lots and ranges were crowded with slock, fat cattle and steers ready for market. These conditions have prevailed .*. two weeks, livestock dealers said. So serious has the situation bo- corn c that hie American Meat In- stituc, which represents major units in the packing trade, telegraphed War Stabilization Director f James F. Byrnes urging the entire meat problem be turned over to the War Meat Board for a solution. The reason for the present paradoxical sliuation, livestock cx- Perts said, was that farmers were - withholding cattle from markets -,- because packirtglioCfce ctrtilo buyers have lowered their offering prices. The producers were holding out for higher prices than the current level, but flyers resisted this trend, contend g the packers f already were losing money on beef operations. The packers claimed there was no assurance they would receive federal subsidy payments to compensate them for the recent 10 pcr- 0 cent roll back of prices. Cattle receipts today totaled only 800 head, against advance estimates of 1,000. Livestock men explained receipts usually taper off toward the weekend but 800 was described as exceptionally " light for a Friday. Yesterday's receipts were only 3,500, while Wednesday's totaled 8 500. Shipments 16 all principal livestock markets were correspondingly light. Less than 1,000 head svorc f received at each of 10 large centers. The South St. Paul market with receipts of 3,000 was the sole exception. * FDR Speaks Out Against ,u 'Food Czar' Washington, June 25 —(/P)—President Roosevelt spoke out again today against the setting up of a so- ciilled food c/.ar and said the quos-. lion at issue is whether we arc for •' inflation or against it. He told a press conference that Congress could take the path toward inflation if it wanted to but that if it did the responsibility would rest 100 percent on the legis- V* lators. Suggestions that someone be given complete authority over all phases of the food program he characterized as close to a red herring. The real question, he said, is whether prices are to be kept f. down and whether we want to go into an inflationary spiral or not. Suppose we had the Angel Babriel as a food czar, the chief executive remarked. How is he going tu gel more food to the people at f the present cost? Sure, he went on, we all favor growing more in 1944, that would, be grand. But he said it would not , take care of late 1943 or early 1944 and that Congress could not take euro of that period, or a food czar. 'Some people on Capitol Hill, the president asserted, think the easiest way to use up surplus buying power is to let prices to sky high. And, speaking in a sarcastic man- nel '. ho said he had heard some one on t ne radio suggest the same thing. This latter person, Mr. Roosevelt said, asserted the richer pco- Plc would be able to pay higher Prices and the poor would suffer but that surplus buying power would be eliminated. Mr- Roosevelt agreed that the poorer people certainly would suffer under such conditions. ® So it is really ourselves who are the ancient people, reading in history-books about people who lived when the world was young. And one unsolved problem has marched by our side, from youth to old age —the problem of how to end way and maintain peace. We got three significant contributions to this subject in recent writings: (1) Wendell L. Willkie's book "One World," summarizing the facts he discovered on his .'11,- 000-rnile tour of the world -n an Army bomber last fall; (2) a fnur- articlc scries in Collier's magazine ending last week, by Herbert Hoover, Allied food commissioner in Europe in World War One, and Hugh Gibson, former U. S. ambassador to Belgium, entitled "New Approaches to Lasting Peace;" and (3) a congressman's speech made on the floor of the House of Representatives only yesterday. What we 'face after this war is how to maintain peace, whether by some form of super-state governing the whole world, or by judicious alliances along conventional lines. Willkie's book reports some tough facts that the peace-makers will have to wrestle with. Says he about the Middle East, for instance:' "The major reason (for trouble after the war) seemed to be the complete absence of a middle class. Throughout the Middle East 11191-0 is a small percentage of wealthy landowners whoso property is 1 a r g c 1 y-hereditary . . . The •• 'fjroat rniiie of,tho people. . . are improvcrishcd, own no property, arc hideously ruled by the Practices of ancient prie.-itcraft and are living in conditions of squalor. The urge and the strength to create do not como, as a rule, from those who have- too much or from those who have nothing. In the Middle East there is little in between." Willkie's book in the main is a plea for the solidarity of the United Nations through the war, and during the reconstruction days to come —a matter of practical politics which must be solved before any mythical super-state can ever be set up. He urges' whole-hearted acceptance of Russia as a friend and ally by Britain and America, in the following paragraph: "I don't know the answers to all the questions about Russia, but there's one thing I l.-no>v: That such a force, such a power, such a people can not be ignored or disposed of witn a high hat or a lifting of tnc skirt. We can not act as if we were housewives going into an A. & P, store, picking and choosing among the groceries displayed; taking this, leaving that. The plain fact is: We havrj no choice in the matter. Russia will be reckoned with. That is the reason why I am constantly telling my fellow Americans. Work in ever-closer co-operation with the Russians while we are joined together in the common purpose of defeating a common enemy." The Collier's articles by Hoover and Gibson deal in conclusions where Willkie dealt in facts. But their conclusions must be reckoned with, no less, because both men had intimate official connections with World War No. 1, while the youthful Willkie was a soldier in it. Hoover and Gibson arc cold to any proposal to set up immediately a super-state after the war. Both supported the League of Nations—and saw it fail. Here is their summary: "Emphasis needs to be made in thinking upon the words 'co-operation,' 'joint action,' 'united action,' 'partnership,' rather than 'supergovernment.' "In any event we should not forget our own struggles toward safety and freedom. It was eleven years from the Declaration of Independence to the Constitution. Many ideas rose and died before we reached that solution." And the concluding testimony in this pcace-or-war discussion comes from the floor of the House of Representatives—only yesterday. Our own Arkansas congressman, Bill Fulbright, has a resolution for "lasting peace" before the house; and yesterday it was praised by Congressman Robert Hale, Maine Republican. Said Hale: "I acclaim the Fulbright resolution as a cuccinct statement of a policy indispensable for the integrity of American insti- Continued on Page Four) Order of WLB Bombshell in Coal Settlement Washington, June 25 —(/P)— The War Labor Board (WLB) threw a bomb-shell into the coal settlement today by demanding the union and the mine operators put an agreement on the dotted line. This demand for signing of a formal contract apparently was intended to demoslrate full recognition of the WLB's authority. Without that recognition, the board would have little standing, for it was set up only by executive order — not legislation — and has no plenary power except what President Roosevelt would exercise for it. John L. Lewis and his United Mine Workers (UMW) however, reckon they're working for the government, not the operators. Under the government's conditions, Lewis said the men would work until Oct. 31", though the back-to-work movement has been slow and production still is spotty. Those samp conditions, as extended by the operators, constituted a "yellow dog contract," in Lewis' words. This set of facts raised a mighty (Continued on Page Three) question as to whether Lewis would put his signature to the Half of Miners Revolt Against Own Committe Pittsburgh, June 25 —(/P)— The revolt of thousands of hard and soft coal miners against the back- to-work order of their union's policy committee headed by John L. Lewis continued today with district officials of the United Mine Workers promising normal operations "about next Monday." Estimates by operator and miner sources of the number of men working in the biggest mining state, Pennsylvania, were variable but on the basis of latest estimates in this state, it appeared around half of the nation's 521,000 miners still were out of the pits. Little could be learned immediately of the effect of the latest statement by the War Labor Board, indicating it considered the coal case now merely one in which the union should obey its decision of last June 10 and sign the contract the WLB dictated. Few of the minors knew of this development until today. The eastern Pennsylvania atra- cilo region reported 0,500 men in collerics of the Shenandonh. Pa., area who worked yesterday voted to slay out today. This was offset by the vote of the three largest locals in Lackawanna county to return to work. An Associated Press survey indicated 39,000 of the 83,000 hard coal miners were idle yesterday West Virginia estimated about 25 per cent of its 130,000 minors remained on strike. Vice President William Blizzard of District 17, predicted the men all would be back by Monday and told of calling five meetings for Sunday. At the meetings, Blizzard said, the men would be told about the "conspiracy between the coal operators and the War Labor Board, supported and helped by the president, to block our increase in wages" — then asked to' go back to their jobs. In the Pennsylvania coal fields where an estimated 60,000 of the 117,600 miners remained idle, a break occurred last night in the ranks of the strikers when locals of the gates and Palmer mines of the N. C. Frick Coke Company, employing 2,100 men near union- town, voted to return to work. Michael Honus, district secretary-treasurer of the UMW, and Stephen Ezar. local president of the Gates local spoke. "We got the run-around in Wash-, ington," declared Ezar, "but we've got to go to work. We've got to mine coal for the buys who are fighting the war for us and must abide by the decision of our National Policy Committee." In the central Pennsylvania district 2 of the union, the Johnstown Democrat, estimated little more than 1,000 of 45.000 miners were working today. The 665 men employed at the industrial collieries of Bethlehem Steel .at Franklin borough, worked yesterday, then voted last night to walk out. John Ghizzoni, UMW international board member from district 2, said the men were "angry about being pushed around" and about President Roosevelt's threat of a "work or fight" order, and added: "But the men will realize their folly and return to Lewis and go to work on Monday." Arkansas Marines Are Jap Prisoners Washington, Juno 25 —(/I 5 )—Three Arkansas Marines are being held prisoners of war by the Japanese, the Navy Department announced today. They are Pfc Leroy M. Linhart, son of Mr. and Mrs. George A. ..Linhart, Monticollo; Pfc. Jesse H. Simpson, son of Mrs. Nettie J. Simpson, Fayettcville; and Pfc. Walter St. John, son of John W. St. John, Houston. Anti-Strike Bill Vetoed by President By T"e Associated Press Washington, June 25 —President Roosevelt vetoed the anti-strike bill today on grounds it would "stimulate labor unrest" but the Senate promptly voted to override the veto. Five minutes after being told by the president that the legislation while intended to insure continuous war production instead would hurt production, the Senate voted 56 to 25 to make the bill law over his opposition. Calling for a work-or-fight application of Selective Service, the president said one provision of the measure — for secret strike ballots and a cooling off period before a strike could be called — would encourage walkouts. Washington, June 25 —(/P)— President Roosevelt vetoed today the Connally - Smith - Harness antistrike bill. The chief cocutive said in a message to the Senate the .measure had an entirely praiseworthy purpose but that he was convinced it would in some cases produce strikes "in vital war plants which otherwise would not occur.' Declaring he intended to use the powers of government to prevent the interruption of war production by strikes, Mr. Roosevelt formally recommended amendment of the Sclpctivc Service Act so persons between 45 and 65 years may be inducted into non-combat military service. "This will enable us," he said, "to induct into military service all persons who engage in strikes, stoppages, or other interruptions of work in plants in the possession of the United Slates. This direct approach is necessary to insure the continuity of war work. The only alternative would be to extend the principle of Selective Service and make it universal in character." He said he would approve legislation which would truly strengthen the hands of the government in dealing with strikes harming the war effort, and which would prevent defiance of decisions of the War Labor Board. The president struck heavily at a section of the bill which would make it mandatory for the National Labor Relations Board to take a secret strike ballot among em- ployes in plants, mines and other facilities 30 days after notice of an intention to strike. This section, he said, "will produce strikes in vital war plants which otherwise would not occur." He said it ignores completely labor's no strike pledge and provides in effect for strike notices and strike ballots. These provisions, ho contended, "would stimulate labor unrest and give government sanction to strike agitations." The veto came as no surprise it the capitol, since the chief executive had said in a statement Tuesday ho intended to ask Con- uress to authorize the use of the Selective Service Act as a club against strikes in war industries. His proposal to use the draft in this manner met with a cool reception in both the Senate and House, and even before the veto message arrived, there was talk >f immediate attempts to override the president's action and ivritc the proposal into law. RAF Bombing of Ruhr Valley Htis New Peak London, June 25 —(/P)— The RAF carried its offensive against the Ruhr to a new peak last night by returning to the bomb-battered city of Wuppertal in great strength and making a concentrated attack on important chermcal and textile manufacturing plants there. Thirty-three bombers failed to return from the night's operations, which included assaults on other targets .in the Ruhr and laying mines in enemy waters. The attack was concentrated on the industrial area of Elberfcld, the western section of Wuppertalj the air ministry said. "The attack was nearly as heavy as that recently made on Barmen, the eastern half of Wuppcrtal, and from preliminary reports great damage appears to have been done," a communique declared. Heavy defensive activity was reported by the fliers who returned from the area, which Hitler has packed with anti-aircraft guns, searchlight batteries and fighter planes in an effort to stave off the battering being given his heavy industries in the region. The German communique said "losses among the populations of the towns attacked are heavy." The communique, broadcast by Berlin and recorded by the Associated Press, said several towns -were hit, "in particular Wupperlal- Elberfeld and Remscheid." Remscheid, near Wuppcrtal, is a center of the German tool industry and has important railway repair shops. The Barmen area of Wuppertal got a heavy saturdation attack May 29 when 1,500 tons or more of bombs were laid on the sprawl- .ing industrial area which occupies both sides of the Wuppor river. Wuppertal was formcrd in 1929 by an amalgamation of the towns of Elberfeld and Barmen and had a population of more than 400,000. Chief targets at Elberfold are the I. G. Farbenindustrie chemical works, the Jaeger plants that turn out roller bearings, and a number of textile factories. In the May 29 attack the RAF also lost 33 bombers but was believed virtually to have wiped out the Barmen section. Last night's raid, accomplished on a moonless night, marked the fifth consecutive night the RAF has struck either Germany or Italy — with the most paralyzing blows falling on the vital Ruhr area. It was the sixth night of a powerful offensive which began with the assault on the Schneider munitions works at Le Crucsot, 170 miles southeast of Paris, last Saturday night. The offensive has included the first great daylight assault by United States bombers on the Ruhr, an assault which set ablaze the important German syncthetic rubber plant at Huls. It was pointed up by the spectacular round-trip RAF bombing raid between bases in England and North Africa. In the six day period 135 Allied bombers had been lost. The air ministry said German planes dropped bombs harmlessly during the night in one place on the southeast coast of England. The German radio declared eight Allied planes were lost in day light attacks on German-occupied territory yesterday. Ration Calendar Ration Book No. 1 Coffee—Stamp No. 24, good for one pound, expires June 30. Sugar—Stamp No. 13, good for five pounds, expires August 15. For canning, Stamps 15 and 16 good for five pounds each. Slioes—Stamp No. 18 good for one pair through Oct. 31. Ration Book No. 2 J-jluc Stamps K, L and M for canned and processed vegetables and fruits, good through July 7. Kfd Slumps J, K, L, M and N, for meats, fats, edible oils, cheeses, canned fish ond canned milk, expire June 30. Gasoline Stamps No. 6 of A-books good for four gallons each until July 22. 18 U. S. Heavy Bombers Are Missing London, June 25 — (/Pi— A large force of United States heavy bombers, flying without fighter escort, attacked targets of Northwest Germany today and 18 of the craft are missing, 'headquarters of the Eighth Air Force announced. The communique did not disclose the precise targets attacked and said adverse weather consitions made observation difficult. The American blow followed by a few hours a shattering attack last night by RAF heavyweights on Wuppertal and other targets in the German Ruhr, from which 33 bombers failed to return. The text of the communique: "A large force of Eighth Air Force heavy bombers was dispatched to attack targets in northwest Germany. Adverse weather conditions were encountered and many of the enemy were destroyed by the bombers, which were unescorted. "Eighteen bombers are missing." (end text) Mine-laying was included in RAF operations last night. Today's War Map NEA Service Tclcpnoto Today's war map pictures the shuttle bombing by the RAF Lancasters—England to Fredrichshafen to North Africa, then back on the following night, bombing Spezia. Reds Victors in Air Fight With Germans London, June 25 — (#•)— Five German planes out of a formation of- nine fighter-escorted bombers were shot out of the sky late yesterday near Lisichansk, on the Donets river bend southeast of Kharkov, and two German reconnoitering forces were smashed by a Soviet ambush in the same area, the Russian noon communique said today. The bombers' objective was a Russian airdrome, said the war bulletin, as recorded by the Soviet radio monitor here. Anti-aircraft guns forced the bombers to jettison their loads in a field, without any damage, and then Soviet fighter planes took to the air in combat, it was said, downing five of the enemy craft. In the ground action, the Germans were permitted to near the Russian lines and then the Soviet troops opened fire. "Most of the attacking Hitlerites were wiped out," the communique said. "The remainder retreated in disorder." A German reconnaissance detachment was scattered in one sector of the western front and 270 Germans were killed in engagements on the Leningrad front, it was declared. German dispatches said a German counterattack had restored Nazi positions south of Velikie Luki, 80 miles from the Latvian border, after Red Army troops had opened a hole in the German lines. The Russian communiques made no specific mention of the Velikie Luki sector, dormant for months. FDR Refuses to Accept Deadline - Washington, June 25 (/P)— President Roosevelt said today he would not recognize or accept an October 31 deadline set by the United Mine Workers for continued coal production in government- operated mines. The chief executive told a press conference he was merely trying to see that coal was mined and that this had to be done some way. He added that many of us get away from the fact we are at war and the life of a nation is very much at stake. The War Labor Board (WLB) went to War Mobilization Director James F. Byrnes today with a stern request the government compel the United Mine Workers to comply fully with the board's order or that punishment be imposed. Board members told Byrnes the country's largest corporations, U. S. Steel (in the Federal Shipbuilding case) and General Motors, complied with WLB orders, however reluctantly, but that in the coal case only the operators have been penalized. Their mines have been seized although they are ready to obey the WLB. Full compliance would mean the signing of a two - year contract containing a pledge not to strike for the duration of the war. The contract handed down by the board would permit reopening of sian guerrillas and a German ex pcdition sent out to destroy them in the Leningrad area was described today in a Moscow radio broadcast recorded by the Soviet radio monitor here. The Germans were forced to withdraw after losing 108 men, and five German officers were captured, it was declared. the wage clauses in the interim but otherwise it is the 1941-43 Appalachian agreement plus some concessions such as higher vacation payments, and free tools and equipment. WLB members said penalties '• might take the form of a suspen State Convict is Nabbed in California Cummins Prison Farm, June 25 —(/P)— Supt. Tom Cogbill of the slate prison farm announced today that Los Angeles, Calif. police had notified him Billic Berlin "Schoolboy" Bledsoe, four - time Arkansas convict who escaped April 29. had been arrested and identified there in six first degree robberies. "They just wanted, to check up on his record," Cogbill said, "and told me they were going to try him there. I hope they keep him." Bledsoe, 30, was serving 12 years for robbery from Pulaski county when he escaped. He had been working as a hall-trusty in the prison commissary when he fled, taking with him a pistol and approximately $100 in funds belonging to other prisoners. sion of the dues checkoff of freezing of the UMW treasury. The board also made plain it has finally determined thn controversy between the miners and the operators and all that remains is a matter of enforcement. This was taken to mean that retroactive liabilities against the operators arc no longer accruing, unless, of course, the miners sue successfully in court for portal-to-portal pay under the wage and hour law. The WLB demand for Lewis' signature on a contract pointed up the long - standing difference in outlook between its members and Secretary Ickes, the only govern^ ment agent Lewis has recognized as having any authority. Ickes is the boss of the mines under federal operation. First Assault on Greek Port; 300 Planes Hit Sicily i xl y* '<££ —Africa Everton Youth Is Japanese Prisoner Harrison, June 25 —(/Pi— Mr. and Mrs. O. W. Kisner, Everton, have been notified by the War Department that their son, Pfc. Lloyd C. Kisner, 25, is a prisoner of the Japanese. By NOLAND NORGAARD Allied Headquarters in North • Africa, June 25 — (/P) —U. S. Ninth , Air Force Liberators struck for the first time yesterday at the historic Greek port of Salonika from Middle East bases while; about 300 American bombers and* fighters of the Northwest African ' command battered communications of Sicily, 700 miles to the west, it was announced today. v Cairo communiques said more than 50 Liberators, attacking in , two waves with more than 250,000 pounds of high explosives,- scored direct hits on three hangars at, the axis-occupied Swedes airdrome of Salonika, leaving all of them in flames. Pilots saw explosives burst among administration buildings and on the field and dispersal areas. 'At least three enemy aircraft were destroyed on the ground and oil fires were started," one Middle East bulletin said. "None of our aircraft is missing from these and other operations." • (The attack upon Salonika, a possible objective of any Balkan invasion, involved a round trip of more than 1,000 miles across the Mediterranean.) Enemy air. fields, docks, shipping and an important railway junction of Sardinia were hammered by U. S.'squadrons of Lieut. Gen. Carl A. Spaatz' air forces after RAF Wellingtons attacked Catania, in Sicily, the preceding night. •-'. These raiders shot down 20 of the many enemy fighters encoun- , tercd and an RAF . Beaufigttter bagged^, anotjieii to make 'the..score 21. The Allies lost nine planes. Malta air squadrons also were active.' : , A Valletta communique announced RAF planes attacked industrial installations at Bozzallo. Sicily, yesterday and similar targets at Augusta, Sicily, last night. Spitfires were credited with destroying a Messerschmitt 210 off the Italian island. B-25 Mitchells led the American onslaught against Sardinia, hitting two supply ships at Golfo Aranci, northeastern port, and severely damaging the docks. Another formation of Mitchells blasted the Vinafiorita air field, also in the northwest part of the island. B-26 Marauders made a successful attack on the railway junction at Chilivani, in North Central Sardinia, and P-40 Warhawks swept over the southern portion of the island and left two small ships afire. Warhawks also destroyed a number of grounded aircraft at the Capoterra air field and attacked the rail junction at La Maddelena, near Cagliari. The Wellington raid Wednesday night was directed primarily against the 'railway yards and industrial areas of Catania, where several fires were started. One Mitchell pilot, Capt. Clyde L. Grow of Arkansas City, Ark, reported the bombers found the ships "just where we had been told they would be in our briefing," and laid bombs across the target. Thirteen enemy palnes were shot down in a spectacular running battle by the lightning fighters which excorted the Marauders to Chilivani. First Lieut. Gilbert E. Butler of Roanoke, Va., was credited with destroying two attacking Messer- schmitts while his Lightning was flying with only one engine and one rudder. His port engine was knocked out by a cannon shell when the fight began, and when he lagged behind the formation he was attacked by .four Messerschmitt 109s. "We ratted around for a few minutes with four of them shooting all around me," Butler related, "I could make only a 60-degrec turn on my one motor, but managed to pull the nose up and gave one Messerschmitt a long burst at 50 yards. He blew up in the air. "Then I kept up the fight with the remaining three, which were joine'd by another 109. We gradually worked toward the coast. I got a second in the same way as the first, while turned to protect my tail. He went down on the beach. The others kept after me for 15 or 20 miles out to sea. I guess they ran out of ammunition." Butler managed to land in Tunisia, but his plane was so crippled he had to fly to his home field in another ship. Lieut. Hubert M. Blair of Chat- was killed in action in the islands. Continued on Page Four)

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