Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on November 9, 1974 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Hope, Arkansas
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Saturday, November 9, 1974
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.*v- L Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn With Other Editors Elementary, My Dear Watson Senator James Buckley, of New York, has come up with a novel type of federal income tax relief. It's called the principle of indexation. This principle, which is the basic formula around which the senator's Cost of Living Adjustment Act is built, takes into account a flation while the taxpayer gets poorer. . . . What Sen. Buckley's act would do, as explained by the National Review, is "to tie the rate of taxation, on the graduated scale, to the real value of the dollar—taxing you, in effect, according to your real purchasing power rather than your income in absolute numbers of inflated dollars." Talk about tax relief for the poor, this bill would provide universal tax relief for every taxpayer, poor or otherwise, on a basis that would be both realistic and equitable • -Northern Virginia Daily Coal talks continuing WASHINGTON (AP) — Negotiators report progress toward a new coal industry contract, but across the country the mines prepared for at least a two-week strike. The majority of the United Mine Workers' 120,000 members finished work Friday and were not expected back because most mines don't operate over the weekend and next'.Monday is a miners' holiday. The strike will begin officially at 12:01 a.m. Tuesday when the current UMW contract runs out. Even if a settlement can be reached over the weekend, the union's complex ratification process requires about 10 days. UMW President Arnold Miller, who has ruled out extending the contract, said he would return to the bargaining table today with his union's response to the industry's latest contract offer. As the talks ground on, industries started preparing for possible shortages of coal: —The Atomic Energy Commission, in response to an appeal from the Tennessee Valley Authority, began cutting back on power for uranium enrich- plants at Oak Ridge, ., and Paducah, Ky. —Norfolk & Western Railway Co., dependent on hauling coal im Appalachian mines, pre- ed to lay off employes. -The bankrupt Penn Central ilroad, the nation's largest hauler, said it would face ies of $5 million a week «n a coal strike. The Icrie Brown Turner, of 0*on, told f/i§ Sditor ; The trouble with ©ur Country is: T|e garage is where the smoke-house ought to be, Hempsteod County- VOL. 76—No. 24—6 Pages Member .»f the Associated Press NDw$pa"pef*.ktitefl}ri$f Ass'n. Features Home of the Bowie Knife Star HOPE, ARKANSAS SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 9, 1974 Av. net paid circulation 6 months ending Sept. 30, 1974-4,118 As filed with Audit Bureau of Circulations, subject »o audit. irt 10c RANDALL SPENCER, 20, of Hope is shown being loaded into an ambulance after being struck by a hit and run driver around noon Friday while on his way to work at Standard Automotive Components. Spencer, riding a motorcycle, had just crossed the Missouri Pacific tracks onto North Washington at the intersection of West Avenue A when a car traveling south, in the middle of the road, according to witnesses, ran into him. After the —Hope (Ark.) Star photo by Pod Rogers impact the car left the scene of the accident at a high rate of speed traveling east on Avenue A. Spencer was taken by Hempstead County Ambulance Service to Memorial Hospital. William Haltom, investigating officer, reported that Spencer's leg was cut to the bone just above the knee and that he had possible head injuries. Hope police Saturday morning were still searching for the hit-and-run driver. /• farmers under fire 'B A debt jtatus sought TLE ROCK (AP) — The gislative Joint Auditing Com- ittee decided Friday to ask lie Building Authority offi- r _ and Atty. Gen. Jim Guy cker to explain the status of jtracts awarded for the Capil expansion project, ncellor Darrell Hickman ittle Rock has ordered a ; to the $74.4 million project |use it was premised on the issuing revenue bonds ut voter approval. Hick- said issuing such bonds voter consent violated ate Constitution, ndttee members wanted if the state was liable out $5 million in contracts the PBA prior to Hick- I ruling. pant to know how much ? has gone down the drain f Taj Mahal they started ere," said Rep. Lloyd ! of Danville. .William F. Foster of i, committee chairman, i thought Hickjnan's de- uld be reversed by the preme Court. WASHINGTON (AP) — The mixture of money, milk and . politics, has-soured for .America's dairy farmers, despite a multimillion-dollar outlay for campaign donations. Dairymen are getting less government help and face increasing public criticism while caught in their worst profit squeeze in years. In 1972 and 1973 big dairy cooperatives reported spending $2.2 million on politics. They spent heavily in earlier years, too, when their donations were sometimes mixed with illegal corporate money. And they won some impressive victories in Congress and the administration. But now some political candidates are refusing their donations, and others have returned money. Congressional committees are beginning to eye the economic power of the coops. Some of them are being sued by the Justice Department for alleged antitrust violations. The administration has driven down dairy prices through imports of foreign cheese, and it now refuses to consider anything more than a weak, halfway measure to get prices back up again. Hundreds of dairy farmers are said to be going into other lines of farming, or leaving farming altogether. There have been some organized consumer complaints, although retail prices of dairy products have risen somewhat less rapidly than grocery prices in general in recent years. All these headaches come as the rising cost of grain and other goods and commodities squeezes the profit out of dairying. Some dairy farmers said they wanted to sell out, but they found cattle prices too low to let their dairy cows go for hamburger. They couldn't find city work because of the economy slump. The cries of distress have reached President Ford, who told a group of dairymen and cattlemen in Oklahoma City on a recent campaign swing that it was highly likely he would put new curbs on dairy imports. But the effect of such an action wouldn't be felt for some time. In the midst of such hard times, the dairymen must think wishfully of the glory days of 1971, when the Democrats in Congress vied with Republicans in the White House to win their favor. In that year, the Agriculture Department refused to raise the level of milk price supports, but President Richard M. Ni*on overruled his agricultural economists and raised prices anyway. White House tape recordings show Nixon did this out of fear that a Democratic Congress would beat him to the punch and get political credit with the dairy farmers. The dairymen gave hundreds of thousands of dollars to members of Congress, and promised to give $2 million to Nixon. Even though Nixon got credit for the 1971 price hike, Con- gress registered a "me too" before the 1972 election by writing • the "aliministration's-prite increase into law. It seemed Washington couldn't do enough for the dairymen. But times have changed. The Watergate-related scandal of the milk fund and its illegal donations to Nixon and members of Congress has tarnished the uiiage of the big co-ops. In the midst of the unfolding scandal, the three biggest coops have continued to pile up political cash, and they hold more than $2.3 million in their Lives of artists on public display WASHINGTON (AP) - Intimate and intriguing glimpses into the lives of American artists of the past 100 years are on display in the first public exhibition of some of the five million items in the Archives of American Art. The show has just gone on view on the first floor of the National Portrait Gallery, where it will remain until the fall of 1975. It commemorates the 20th anniversary of the founding of the scholarly collection and its fifth year of affiliation with the Smithsonian Institution. Letters, documents, sketchbooks and photographs of 29 artists of the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries are included in the exhibition, titled, "From Reliable Sources." The earliest letter, written by John Singleton Copley on July 2,1775, begins with a recipe for varnish and expresses anxiety about conditions in America. Copley, in a letter from Italy, wrote in part: "Since I wrote you last I have been in some measure relieved from my anxiety by a Letter from England by which I find Mrs. Copley with three of my little ones are in that Place safely arrived. This increases greatly my impatience to be on my Journey back. "She writes the most deplorable account of the confution of Boston & indeed the Whole Province that you can lamgine Consiquential on Civil War, but as I have many near O valuable Friends in that place I am still exceedingly distressed..." From recent tunes, there is a poignant letter from Stuart Davis to his dealer, Edith Halpert. Davis later became a prominent and prosperous artist, but he wrote just before the establishment of the New Deal art projects: "I am stranded in Gloucester. Can you help me to overcome this unfortunate situation ... If you can develop some dough it is a matter of the first importance to me." There is a 1949 letter from Alexander Calder to Ben Shahn, inviting him to the Calder home at Roxbury, Conn. "We put our guests in the attic, to sleep, and I trust you won't mind that," Calder wrote. The Archives of American Art, founded privately in Detroit in 1954, has assembled the largest collection of material documenting the history of the visual arts in this country. Its five million items are available on microfilm to scholars, graduate students, writers and researchers in regional centers in Washington, Detroit, New York, Boston and San Francisco. The coriginals are housed here. The archives is supported by Smithsonian funds which are matched by private grants and membership contributions. In addition to the material directly associated with artists, there is family correspondence, diaries, financial records of galleries and exhibitions, manuscripts of letters and writings, auction catalogs and tape- recorded interviews. campaign fund treasuries, according to latest reports. "*'. Part of the reason-they have so much on hand is that some candidates are reluctant to take their gifts. The money has become tainted, in the eyes of some. At least a dozen candidates are known to have returned donations. The reason the dairymen raise so much political money is this: Farmers benefit from government milk price supports, from government-chartered marketing cartels, from tax government enforcement of certain consumer safeguards, from government restrictions on the amount of foreign dairy products allowed into the country to compete with domestic products, and from special exemptions from antitrust laws. The price of milk is influenced by government, and government is determined by politics. Cooperative organizations for the most part are democratically run groups of farmers formed to produce fertilizer, grind feed, string electrical wires, or sell what the farmer raises. There are more than 7,000 of them in the country, mostly small and local. Only a few of the big marketing cooperatives have names familiar to the general public. Sunkist citrus products, Land-o-Lakes butter, Sunsweet prunes, Welches grape juices, all are sold by cooperatives. About a quarter of all farm produce and one-sixth of all farm supplies are sold through co-ops which supply services at cost and split any profits among their farmer members. For the most part, these coops are small compared to the corporate giants with which they deal or compete. But in the dairy industry, the picture changed during the 1960s when a handful of co-ops grew into giants themselves, by gobbling up hundreds of smaller co-ops in a merger movement. Now the three biggest co-ops control 25 per cent of the nation's milk production, and virtually all of the production in many local areas in the Midwest and South. Elsewhere, associations of co-ops have formed to control local markets and raise prices charged to bottlers. One reason that the dairy coops have been able to grow so large and powerful is that they are not subject to the same antitrust regulation as the corpo-i rations and family businesses with which they deal. Galley bail hearing is scheduled today •I COLUMBUS, Ga. (AP) Former Army Lt. William L. Galley, the only person convicted in connection with the My Lai massacre, appears in federal court for a bail hearing today, his days as a prisoner apparently numbered. In unexpected back-to-back developments Friday, the 5th UMS. Circuit Court of Appeals ordered Galley freed on bail and Army Secretary Howard "Bo" Callaway announced he was paroling Galley effective Nov. 19. U.S..District Court Judge J. Robert Elliott of Columbus, who overturned Galley's court- martial conviction Sept. 25, scheduled bail proceedings for 11 a.m. today. Except for three .months when he was free on bail earlier this year, Galley has been in Armv custody since his conviction in March, 1971, for killing at least 22 Vietnamese civilians at My Lai. Callaway said in a statement released in Washington that he signed the parole order on Oct. 30. It cannot take effect until Nov. 19 when Galley has served one-third of his 10-year prison sentence. Grocery price spiral will continue in 1975 WASHINGTON (AP) - Consumers will have less meat, eggs and milk but the family grocery bill will be bigger than, ever next year because part of the corn crop burned up in last summer's drought, the Agriculture Department says. Retail food prices, officials said Friday, will continue rising at least until next summer. The big reason: farmers will have less grain to feed cows, hogs and chickens. The food price spiral could continue longer than mid-1975. It's simply that USDA says it .cannot predict what will 1 happen after that. But for now, officials said, reduced 1974 grain harvests translate into higher food costs "on a fairly broad front" during the first half of next year. Dr. .Larry V. Summers, a food analyst in the department's Economic Research Service, said retail food prices in the first three months of 1975 could rise 2 to 5 per cent from the final quarter of this year. There was too much rain last spring which delayed planting, drought during the summer and early frosts this fall, the USDA said. Officials said in another report Friday the corn crop was slashed another 2 per cent by frost last month, making it down a total of 18 per cent from 1973's record. Soybeans were rippled, too, by drought and early freezes. Now, USDA said, farmers may harvest 1.24 billion bushels. That is down another 1 per cent from October and 21 per cent below last year's harvest. Corn and other feed grains plus soybean meal are essential as animal rations for producing meat, poultry and dairy products, mainstays of American diets.. Currently, USDA said, consumer beef supplies are plentiful. But that is because farmers and ranchers have sold many animals prematurely rather than feed them. Also, because of high feed costs, there are fewer grain-fed cattle these days. That means fewer high-grade juicy steaks and other cuts this winter, .and possibly for months or'years ahead. Poultry producers also have been hit by rising costs and have cut back. So broiler chickens and eggs will cost more. The same holds true for dairy farmers and prices for milk and other products. Prices of processed fruit and vegetables also will go up, partly because of higher marketing costs, the department said. The statement said Callaway made his parole decision "based on a thorough review of Galley's application for parole and the recommendation of officials at the U.S. Army Disciplinary Barracks and the Army and Air Force Clemency and Parole Board." The 10-4 court vote earlier Friday to permit Galley to post bond and be freed temporarily came after 14 of the 15 judges of the court were summoned secretly for an extraordinary court session. Meanwhile, the Army secretary said the military will not ask for any terms or conditions in connection with Galley's bail because Callaway already decided to parole Galley. t The Army appealed previous orders to free Galley on bail. Elliott first granted Galley bail Feb. 27 and he remained free until June 13, The 5th Cir J cult Court then revoked bail and,Galley was.transferred to Ft. Leaven worth. While Galley was free on bail, Callaway reduced his life sentence to 10 years. The Army then discharged Galley and asked the appeals court to revoke his bail. The appeals court ordered him returned to custody to serve his sentence. Calley's lawyers then ap- , v pealed the* court-martial in fed- ;er«l;..cour^on constitutional * grounds, which included a contention that Galley did not get a fair trial because of prejudicial publicity. Miss your paper? City Subscribers: If you fail to receive your Star please phone 777-3431 between 6 and 6:30 p.m.—Saturday before or by 5 p.m. and a carrier will deliver your paper. Struggling outsiders becoming established Secretary arrested in murder SEARCY, Ark. (AP) — Peggy Jean Hale, 21, of near Searcy, was charged Friday by Pros. Atty. Gene Raff with capital felony murder in the death of Fern Rodgers, wife of Dr. Porter R. Rodgers Sr. Miss Hale was a secretary in Dr. Rodgers' office. She was arrested at the office Friday morning by Sheriff John Davis of White County and Maj. W. A. Tudor of the State Police. The charge alleges that Mrs. Rodgers, 67, who did not live with her husband, was shot during a robbery and burglary. The crime is punishable by death. Raff said he would seek the death penalty. Rodgers, a former member of the state Racing Commission, is a well-known physician and a nationally prominent breeder of walking horses. A housekeeper found Mrs. Rodgers' body in the Rodgers house Sept. 26. Mrs. Rodgers had been shot twice in the head at close range with a .25-caliber automatic pistol. Miss Hale was held without bond in the White County Jail at Searcy. NEW YORK (AP) — By a quirk of modern history, some struggling outsiders who received some highly controversial help from the world's churches now are becoming the established insiders. That is the ironic turn-about of the coming into governing power of the black liberation movements in three African colonies long ruled by Portugal. Recent events have "moved quickly to vindicate" the churches' efforts, says the Rev. Dr. John Coventry Smith, of Larchmont, N.Y., a United Presbyterian leader and one of the six-member presidium of the World Council of Churches. It was that council, embracing 263 Protestant and Eastern Orthodox churches, which four years ago launched its program to combat racism, including grants for basic foods and medicines for the beleaguered liberation groups. The grants stirred sharp controversy in some church circles, both in this country and abroad, with some •' critics charging the churches with aiding "armed revolutionaries and terrorists." At the time, World Council officials insisted that the grants were specified strictly for humanitarian purposes — essential medicines, vaccines, food and discarded clothing for harassed groups and exiles in keen need. The Rev. Edward A. Hawley, a former United Church of Christ missionary in the area and now of Denver, Colo., says the "supplies were desperately needed," and usually only were available across borders from 4w areas of conflict. Writing in A. D., joint publication of the United Church and the United Presbyterian Church, he adds: "In fact, the recipients were gentle and tolerant men and women, many of them practicing Christians ... " He says justification for the churches' humanitarian aid has now come "from the oppressors themselves" in the change in the Portuguese government, largely engineered by army officers opposed to the oppressive wars. The World Council's program initially was set up in 1970, with a grant of $200,000 to various groups cseeking equal racial rights, including the liberation movements in the Portuguese territories of Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau and Angola. Similar grants have been made each year sinc-e, the total so far amounting lo about $800,000. Baldwin Sjollema, of Geneva, Switzerland, director of the program, says about 60 per cent of the disbursements have gone for health and medical needs of people hariissi-il for their activities in sou;hem Africa. Man killed at Washington I.eon Booker, 24, of Washington was killed late Friday when a .22 rifle accidently discharged at the home of his brother-in- law, Charles McDonald at Washington. : i CLOUDY /;:,; ^ gall

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