Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on June 24, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Thursday, June 24, 1943
Page 1
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pi The Wme of " Dependability Hope VOLUME 44—NUMBER 215 Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. Star The Weather Arkansas: Conlinued warm; scattered Ihundershowers this afternoon and early tonight. HOPE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, JUNE 24, 1943 t _ -.-.._-..-...,._.„_. . ,,.._. ---,-—..-,— —-•/ i r-r** ;».,..'. , •*'"-«••* nssw-iuiuu rress __-_ , __ _ —.—.—* » ^^ - ••--•- - - - •••-.«" .;---—"^"•-•.TV,--V ::-._:.-::,-- --,--,...___..,._..__... .„„ ...._. :: ,.. _ . ._ (NEAJ^OTIIS JNewspaper Enlcr P ri ^ Ass'fl PRICE 5C COPY U. S. Casualties Are 87,304 Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN RAF Develops New Technique in Bombing Raids •Europe Roosevelt's Anti-Strike Proposal It Must Be Definitely Limited "The action of the leaders of the United Mine Workers coal miners has been intolerable," said President Roosevelt yesterday, and announced that he would ask congress for authority to draft men up to the age of 65 for non-combat military service. Such a law would empower the ©president, should the minovs walk _ v _ ""t again, to muster them inlo Ihc llJtmiljt»*«i Army and send them back lo Ihe UPVPIfln\ nlincs at soldiers' pay. •^Vf VIW|*J This much would be fair enough. But no such power should be extended the chief executive in an unlimited manner. To authorize Ihc cxeculive department of our republic to seize men for all jobs remote from actual fighting would be an ominous act calculated to overturn the nation's business and change the form of ils government. Before now the chief cxeculive has persuaded congress lo grant him blanket powers and then has delegated Ihose powers lo minor advisors—many of Ihem belonging to the Left Wing. Give Ihc cxccu- live department unlimited authorily over Ihc disposal of Ihc civilian manpower of America and you may see a field day for lilllc dictators bent on rubbing oul free speech and free enterprise. The kernel of Ihc president's suggestion is good. Bul ihc limitations must be applied by the congress— and they should be hard and fast. Seizure of civilians for forced work under Ihe military should be prescribed by the following condilions: Thai Ihe men thus made liable for forced work be employed in vital war activilies, specifically named in Ihe law. Thai they be on strike. Your writer does nol aim lo be overly-suspicious. Bul the record shows thai every lime we have had a domestic crisis in this country the New Deal execulive department has used the very newspaper headlines"'heralding the crisis to promote its own search for unlimited grants of power. The repealed strikes of the miners represent indeed a grave threat against our American war effort. In some ways the threat has been invited upon Ihc nation by the New Deal's own political manipulations. That, however, is beside the point. Right now wo aren't in- lereslcd in any political sleight-of- hand business of making a new domestic crisis servo the ends of dii tatorial power. All we want is a specific stalulc to cover specific threats of strikes in vilal war in- duslrics . . . wilh absolute cxclu- son of all other citizens from Ihe long-reaching arms of agenls responsible lo one man rather than to the congress and the courts. By LYNN HEINZERLING 1 London, June 24 —(/P)—A new technique of air bombardment was demonstrated dramatically by several squadron. 1 ; of RAF Lancaslcrs which early today completed a shullle roundlrip from Britain lo Africa, bombing a 'German target on the way down and an Italian port, on the run home without loss of a plane. The air ministry disclosed the aircraft which devastated three acres of the old Zeppelin works al Fricdrichshafcn Sunday nighl continued to a North African base and returned home lasl nighl by way of La Spezia, blasting the naval base al Ihe lallcr port This shullle lechnique never was used before on a large scale al long range. Air observers said Ihe most obvious advantage was thai the raiders wore able to land and reserv- icc without retracing a course along which the enemy defenses already had been alcrled by Ihc outward-, passage.- -. — -.... -.-. The allack on La Spezia was bul one of Ihreo or more newly reported aerial blows againsl Ilaly and her guardian islands. Wellington bombers of the Northwest African Air Forces made a fire-setting raid Tuesday night on the northeast Sardinian port of Olbia, a communique from Gen. Dwighl D. Eisenhower's headquarters said. Heavy RAF bombers of the Middle East command generated Iwo violent explosions and a number of fires in an attack on the airdrome at Comiso, Sicily, il was announced in Cairo. In addition, the Italian high command communique, broadcast from Rome and recorded by the Associalod Press, said Allied planes attacked the Sicilian towns of Porto Empedoclc and Ctania. The Catania raid was rcporlcd to have caused 119 casualties and wrecked many civilian buildings. The Lane-asters' extraordinary raid on La Spc/ia, which has a population of 100,000 and a number of ship and submarine building yards and repair depots was the sixth since the war began. The Lancaslcrs made a run of some 1,250 miles each way, going 500 miles to Friedrichshafen in Southern Germany and presumably 750 miles more lo the nearest Norlh African bases. On the way back they winged about 550 miles to La Spezia and 700 home. Thus each trip was somewhat shorter than the regular 1,400 miles round trip to La Spezia. None of the planes was lost. Formalions of Allied planes picked up the offensive again in daylight. During the morning aircraft were heard over Folkestone. I winging toward Northern France | and Belgium. Official air sources declined lo Ispcculate on whelher Ihe success- Iful trial trips across Europe could Ibe accepted as a pattern for (he (future. Maj. Gen. James H. Doolitllc's bltack on Tokyo was a partial application of the principle in thai Hie U. S. bombers look off from carrier and landed in China. I'l'hc UAF feat aroused specula- Ron as to whether the U. S. Ail- forces might stage similar raids. Hie range of the Flying Fortresses Liberators would make such s possible at least across lance- to North Italy. "Officially described only as "sev- squadrons" — which means j i least several dozen planes—the ncast.er force was strong enough (ravage three acres of the im- j fct'int radio location equipment i in the Zeppelin works at j t'drichshafen and also to severe- j damage the Maybach Wcrke B°r plant on the way oul. the return trip the docks al Spezia were bombed accurale- JLthc communique said, and BBS nf oil set afire. La Spezia attack represcnt- ? first RAF assault on North- Jtaly since April 18. when a Beet of bombers hit the naval [there. 15 Nazi Planes Drop Bombs on Shattered Hull Hull, England, Juno 24 —(/I')—Fifteen German raiders pounded Ihis Northeast England port city of 250,000 last night, showering down thousands of incendiary bombs in an attack thai lasted more than an hour and caused fires that were not controlled until today. A museum and ils valuable exhibits were destroyed, and part of Ihe shopping center and residential properly were damaged. The casualty toll slill was climbing as rescue squads dug out Ihe bodies of those buried in the wreckage of their homes. Hundreds fled to air raid shelters clad only in night-dress. Hull was one of Iho firsl English towns raided in Ihe war. 11 has had hundreds of alerts and underwent between 70 and 80 raids during the winter of 1040, during which 1,050 were killed. One official recently estimated it would take 20 years alter the war to rebuild the cily. Ration Calendar Ration Book No. 1 Coffee—Slamp No. 24, good for one pound, expires June 30. Sugar—Slamp No. 13, good for five pounds, expires Augusl 15. FIJI- canning, Stamps 15 and 1C good for five pounds each. Shoes—Slamp No. 18 good for one pair through Oct. 31. Ration Book No. 2 Blue Stamps K, L and M for canned and processed vegetables and fruits, good through July 7. Red Stamps J, K, L. M and N, for meats, fats, edible oils, cheeses, canned fish ond canned milk, expire June 30. ' Gasoline Stamps No. 6 of A-books good for four gallons each until July 22. Solons Believe FDR Will Veto Anti-Strike Bill —War in Pacific Washington, June 24 — -f/p) — President Roosevelt's proposal to meet any new coal strike with a draft, club was viewed in most Congressional quarters today as an inadequate substitute for the anti-strike bill, which many lawmakers now expect him lo veto. Mr. Rossevelt disclosed yesterday that step alrady had been taken lo scl up machinery for inducting all draft-age miners into the armed forces, and ho said moreover thai he will ask Congress lo raise from 4fi to (;r>, the maximum age for induction into non-combat military serivcc. This would take in many of the older miners. Some quarters interpreted this lo mean strikers would bo nul inlo uniform and under army discipline returned to their coal digging jobs al a private's pay of $50 a month. Chairman William If. Davis of the War Labor Board (WLBi has seli- maled their present pay scale for a six day week al $40.GO, or about four times as much as army pay. Immediate reaction in both House and Senate was cool. The Appalachian operators however viewed the president's stand favorably bul asked ncvcrlhclcss lhat their mines operated by the gov- rnmont since May 1 be returned lo Ihe owners. They said they have obeyed the government's Wishes while John L. Lewis, president of the United Mine Workers (UMW) had been defiant in his demands for $2 a day wage increases. Lewis instructed the miners lo work unlil Oct. 31 but only as long as Ihc mines arc government- operated. Meanwhile the back-lo-work (Conlinued on Page Five) Tenth Airforce Highly Praised by Commander U. S. Heavy Bomber Base Somewhere in India, June ,'i — (Delayed) —(/!>)— Major, General Clayton L. Bissell, Tenth Air Force commander, said at this base recenlly. "you men of this heavy bomber t'ronp have madn a glorous record during the months you have been fighting the Jans in Burma and Thailand. I'd stack your group against any heavy bomber group : n the world any time — and be ...nTidcnl of Ihe results." The group to which he referred stems back lo World War I days, when il won citations for outstanding performances in the Lorraine, St. Mihiel and Mcusc-Ar- gonne bailies. A few days ago, Ihe group learned of another citation — issued in the name of the- president of the United Stales ~- "for outstanding performance of duty in action during the period Jan. Yl lo March 1, 1042." "Opposing the full force of the numerically superior Japanese with all available aircraft," the citation said, "the . . . bombardment gi-oni) participated daily in attacking the enemy wherever they found him during his prolonged drive through the Philippines and Nethcrland Indies lo Java. Long- range bombing attacks wen- executed in the face of heavv anti-aircraft fire, and largo concentrations of enemy fighter airplanes over the target areas. Despite extremely idvcrso "'rather and danncrous field conditions, hampered by lack of adequate personnel to maintain aircraft in continuous combat condition, many successful missions wore performed by crews fatigued from daily flights againsl '.he numerically dominanl enemy. . . The superior courage airl de- •oti'in to duty shown by this bombardment group will 'always be worthy of emulation." This year, the group has been bettering its records month by monlh. During the first 22 days of May, for example. the heavy bombers dropped 1.400.000 pound of high explosive on more than 40 targets. In a single day. they poured more than 100 'tuns (if bombs on the Japs. Among combat crewmen responsible for this group's outstanding performances to date arc: Co Pilot Lt. Ottis Burris. Conway, Ark. Engineers, radio operators, gunners, photo gunnci-s: T-Sgt. Minor Green, Sheridan, Ark.; T-Sgt. Charles Bowen. Osceola, Ark.; S-Sgt. Joseph Willis, Augusta, Ark.: S-Sgt. Doylr Goforth. Litlle Rock, Ark.; T-Sgl. Max Isaacs, Manilla, Ark.; S-Sgt. Roy Bullinglon, Fort Smilh, Ark. Validity of Beer Act Upheld by Court Hot Springs, June 24 —(/I 1 )— Circuit judge Earl Will loday upheld validity of Ihe l!)4.'i Kidcl Act barring Sunday beer and wine sales and thereby made possible a Supreme court ruling on Ihe measure. Completing another step in a lest case initiated here, Judge Witt fined I-'rank Barber, Hot Springs sandwich shop operator, $50 for violating the new law. Barber admitted selling a case of beer Sunday, June 13, but denied the sale constituted a law violation. The defense contended the Kidd Act had not passed the legislature properly because its emergency clause was tied up as unfinished business in the House when the assembly adjourned Losses Won't Halt Mounting Bomber Raids By KIRKE L. SIMPSON Washington, June 24 —(/P) —Despite mounling bomber losses, there is high authority for the conclusion that the stepped - up round-the-clock Anglo - American raids on the Ruhr and other nerve centers of Nazi war industry will be pressed home relcnllessly through the weeks ahead when cross | channel flying conditions are most i favorable. Gen. George C. Marshall, army chief of staff, made that clear in his Columbus speech Ihis week. He echoed the official Allied view expressed in London lhat the results attained by mass day-and - night bombardment fully justified the "surprisingly small" Allied casualties, as "measured by the loss in planes and installations suf- i fored by the enemy." Marshall cautioned, however, against "hasty conclusions or impromptu conceptions" as to the role of air power in the struggle. His obvious desire was to erase any impression that Ihe air bal- tcring of Germany is aimed al knocking her out. of the war by that means alone, as Pantcllcria was knocked out. That is clearly not the present Allied objective, nor is it apt to be even when the bombing attack reaches its expected maximum later in the year. Some air enthusiasts on both sides of the Allanlic believe il would be possible eventually to accomplish that result; but it obviously plays no part in the present phase of the slruggle as mapped by Anglo - American joinl staff directives. There arc distinct and more limited objectives of immediate interest which Marshall stressed. Chief of these is Ihc division of Na/.i pianos and pilols from Ihe Russian front and Ihc Mediterranean, where new Allied over-water attacks are clearly impending. As most informed observers lii-re and in London read the wealh- i-r portents in Russia, Hitler must strike; there within weeks or even days if he is to strike at all this year. That is not true for the Red armies. Both of the powerful and all but fatal Russian counter offensives have been driven home under winter fighting conditions, and there is definite evidence lhat the Russians are belter prepared than ever this year, either lo meel a new German onslaught or to strike themselves. II was that which prompted Marshall lo say they constitute' a "constant, and terrible' threat to the bulk of the German army". It was unquestionably that, also, , which has lirought American daylight precision bombing over Germany into : full play this month, the "critical i month for Hitler in Russia, al- ii hough it is not. expected to match British night opcralions in scope for several months. Permit Granted to Operate Oil Well F.I Dorado, June 24 (/P)— The Carter Oil Company may operate I its W. P. Phillips No. 2 well in the village pool o!' Columbia county as a sail water disposal hole for 90 days to determine whelher such an operation will be practical. Allowing the company's pelilion for conversion of Ihe well Ihe state oil and gas commission indicated the permit would be made permanent if the operation was successful. 11 restricled the company to a r>UO barrel injection daily. The commission yesterday also approved petitions of Navarro Oil company for a unilizalion project in the llayncsville field of Columbia county and of the Lion Oil Refining Company for a utilization project, in the Dorcheat - Macedonia field. Americans have $4.489,000,000 invested in Canadian enterprises. Sardinia, Sicily Suffer Heavily From Allied Raid —Africa By NOLAND NORGAARD Allied Headquarters in North Africa, Juno 24—(/P)—British heavy bombers from Ihc Middle East command swept across the Mcdit- lorancan to attack the enemy airdrome at Comiso in Sicily Tuesday night while'twin-engined Welling- tons from Northwest African bases blasted Olbia in Northern Sardinia. Communiques today said Ihc heavy bombers caused Iwo violent explosions and sol Iwo large and a number of smaller fires al the Comiso airfield and thai the Wel- lingtons lofi several fires burning on Ihc Olbia docks. Fighter-bombers based al'Malta were reported in a Vallctla bulletin ' lo have attacked railway sidings at Pozzallo, Sicily, yesterday. A Spilfire patrol from thai Bri'l- ish island shol down a Messer- schmitl-109. The bulk of the American air forces remained idle yesterday. Only routine patrolling was carried oul during Ihe day, General Eisenhower's headquarters announced, but a plane of the coastal air force sank an enemy tanker. The Cairo communique said bombs dropped by the RAF heavies were seen to burst in the hangar and workshop areas on Ihe norm and soulh sides of Ihe Comiso airdrome. All Ihe Middle Easl bombers returned safely, bul Iho .Norlhwesl African headquarters reported Iwo aircraft missing from the day's operations. The atlack on Ihe Sardinian tar- gels represenled a departure from Ihe pattern of this week's major bombing forays, all of which have •Jseen directed at objectives on Sicily or the Italian mainland. Allied bombers paid their lasl big visit to Sardinia last Friday. (The Italian high command declared in a Rome-broadcast com- munique that Italian torpedo planes had sunk a 15,000 - ton steamer and damaged a 7,000-ton tanker off the Algerian coast while bombers raided Egyptian com- muncialion lines at Fuka and a Levant airdrome at Latakia "wilh good results." (Latakia, almost directly opposite the British island of Crypuh, might serve as a jumpnig off spol for U. S. AAF and Brilish RAF offensive operations in the Eastern Mediterranean. (The Rome radio broadcast a dispatch, purportedly from Beirut, Lebanon, saying Allied mililary aulhorilies had offered a reward for the capture of any enemy agent. It reported thai this was bul one of several measures taken lo conceal "offensive preparations along the Northern Syrian frontier.") The Wellington bombers scl fire lo a ship in ihc harbor and started (Continued on Page Three) Reds May Have Possession of Belgorod Mowcow, June 24 (/I 1 ) An assertion in the Soviet midnight communique thai Russian units had slruck al German defense lines west of Belgorod stirred the speculation of Moscow military observers loday, since the town on the lower-central part of the front, long has been in German hands. Belgorod is 40 miles northeast of Kharkov, which also is held by the Germans. Whether the report Soviet action west of Belgorod means the Russians have captured it recently, without making any public announcement, or whelher they merely slipped around the town for a quick thrust remains to be explained here. The war bulletin said that as a result of the fighting more than 200 Germans were killed. It described the Russian allackers as a reconnaissance unit. Except for this sortie, the land front continued in its lull. The Rod ! Air Force kept up its destructive raids against enemy airdrome. (The Soviet noon communique, as recorded by the Soviet radio monitor in London from a Moscow i broadcast, said there was only dc- \ sultory action on the front last : night.) i (The Thursday Gorman com- muniquo said there was only local j activity on the Russian front. The j German air force, it. said, attacked ! shipping in the Kuban delta lagoon ' area and in Lake Ladoga, sinking one vessel and 15 landing barges', i The Spanish Bombshell 7 ' ® NEA Service Telephoto Mrs. Carmen Beach Martin, better known about Washington as "The Spanish Bombshell" needed little of her limited English vocabulary to convince the jury she could shake a mean rumba, but ran into difficulty in defending herself against charges that she transported women for immoral purposes to expensive hotels and at least two Latin embassies on a "Call house" business operated in -Washington. . , ' Coffee Ration More Liberal Next Period Washington, June 24 —(/P)— The next two coffee rations will be on the basis of one pound in throe weeks — the mosl liberal allowance since Iho beginning of ra- lioning — Ihe Office of Price Administration (OPA) announced today. The present ration is one pound for four weeks. The lowest ration has been one pound for six weeks but for the most, part one pound for five weeks. OPA said large stocks of green coffee already on hand as well as the more regular arrival of imports with which to maintain these stocks, matlc possible the increased ration. It cautioned, however, that any deterioration of the present favorable supply silualion would make smaller rations necessary and that consumers must bo prepared for such rcculions whenever they arc necessary. Coffee stamp No. 21 in ration book No. 1 will become valid for one pound of coffee on July 1 and will expire on July 21. stamp No. 22 will be valid for one pound of en I fee from July 22 to August 11. Stamp No. 24, now in use, expires at the end of June. For the first time since rationing began, OPA reported, coffee supplies have reached a normal level, with indications of sufficient imports lo sustain thai volume. OPA also withdrew all restrictions on the amount of green coffee which roasters may buy. The action permits roasters to buy without regard to previously established allowable inventories. Price Administrator Brown said Ihe increased ration was in line with his policy of giving the public the benefit of increases in supply whenever they exist. Legion's Election Meeting on Friday A special call meeting of the American Legion will be held al 8 o'clock Friday nighl, June 25. at tin- Legion hall. Second and Walnut sire-els, il was announced today by II. M. Olson, commander of Leslie Muddle.ston Post. No. 12. The meeting is for the purpose of electing officers for the incoming year, and to transact other business. Drilling at 3,400 Feet Barnsdall's wildcat well. Brooks Shults No, 1 located nn the bank of Red Lake near Fulton, has' reached a depth of 3,400, reports ! indicated today. I Pennsylvania Miners Slow Returning Pitlsburgh, .1 June 24 (/P)— A steadily increasing number of the nalion's half million unilcd mine workers returned to work loday al- Ihough the trend was noticeably slow in Pennsylvania where local union units representing aboul 24,000 birumiiious coal miners voted againsl going back. Thousands of anthracite miners in Eastern Pennsylvania also refused to go back to their jobs. Reports from Ihe field showed a I leasl 25,000 of Ihe hard coal industry's 83,000 miners idle, including virtually all of the 15,000 em- ployes of the Glen Aldcn Coal company, world's largest producer. One mine official said "the tie- up is general" in the Luzcrnc- Lackawanna county area, in which more than half of the in- duslry's workers arc concentrated. Many of the mines that did open were compelled to operate with reduced forces. Al leasl five UMW locals in the anthracite region, with a membership of more than 4,000, voted formally to continue their work stoppage. A large portion of the 130.000 coal diggers in the biggest bituminous producing .state, West Virginia, trooped back to the pits under the four months' truce which called off the third UMW strike without settlement of the- contract dispute between the operators and union. ^ Several mines were picketed in Southwestern Pennsylvania yesterday but all was quiet in that area today and no further picketing was re-ported. The miners staying home protested the lack of a contract, and the deadlock over tin; portal-to-por- ta! pay issue which the war labor board said should be settled in the courts. Some also noted thai Ihe UMW policy committee, in ordering the membership back to Ihc mines, set no dale for work resumption. A union spokesman said at Washington today the policy committee meant the miners should resume work immediately or as soon as physical conditions permit, and lhat all district ollicials Includes Killed and Wounded in All Theaters —Washington Washington, June, 24 (/P)— United Stales armed forces have suffered 87,304 announced casualties in all war Ihealers to date. Of that number 15,132 were killed in action or died of wounds. Army casualties total 03,958, War Secretary Stimson said, and the Navy's lalcsl list, also issued loday. placed Navy. Marine Corps and Coasl Guard losses at 23,346, with 7.004 dead 4,732 wounded and 11,010 missing. The lull of recent fighting as per- millcd Ihc Army to complete a tabulation of its casualty reports, Stimson told his press conference, disclosing lhat the Army has lost 7,528 men who were killed in action or died of wounds, 17,128 wounded 22,687 missing, and 16,615 officially reported prisoners of the Japanese, Ihe Germans or the Italians. • "While our casualties have been heavy," said the secretary, "it is certain thai in praclically all theaters of war in which our troops have been engaged, the enemy's losses have been much greater than our own." He added, however, future military operations are likely to involve much greater numbers of our troops and that correspondingly heavier casualties should be expected. Thus far, Stimson said, the defensive campaign in the Philippines remains the most cosily in casualties. The total, including the Philippine scouts but not the Philippines constabulary or the commonwealth army, is 316,00. Most of these are presumed to be prisoners, he said, and-may have been so reported officailly. Because of 'the'Sftl&e'ifb' receive casualty reports during the last bitter days of fighting in bBth Bataan and on Corregidor, the secretary cautioned that the Philippine casualty figures probably include some duplications — many listed as wounded presumably being included also among the missing and the prisoners, and probably many of those listed as missing being killed or wounded in tlie final days of combat. The Philippine figures, he said, show 1,273 killed, 1,746 wounded, 17,939 missing, and 10,652 prisoners. For- other thealers, he supplied Ihsee figures: Asialic — 131 killed, 15 wounded, 85 missing. 60 prisoners, total, 291. Central Pacific — Including the initial Japanese allack on Pearl Harbor — 272 killed, 412 wounded, 57 missing, no prisoners, total 741. European — 436 killed, G64 wounded. 1,196 missing, 594 prisoners, total 2,890. Latin American — Eight killed, three wounded, 26 missing, no prisoners total 37. Middle Easl, including Ihe ninth air force which operated over Africa, the Mediterranean and Italy — 106 killed. 96 wounded 214 missing, 46 prisoners, total 462. North Africa — 2,574 killed, 9,437 wounded, 1,620 missing, 5,107 prisoners, total 18,73!!. North American — Including Alaska-Aleutians campaign and losses at sea and in the air in the vicinity of Greenland — 8G4 killed, 1.246 wounded, 214 missing, no prisoners, tola] 2,324. Soulh Pacific, including army operations on Guadalcanal — 622 killed, 1,165 wounded, 236 missing, no prisoners, total 2,023. Southwest Pacific, including the New Guinea campaign and 500 listed as missing after the capture of Java by the Japanese — ,l/P)*(fP) The Pittsburgh Coal company, second largest commercial producer, reported nearly 3.000 men working today, as compared wilh 170 yesterday. More than half its em- ployes were still idle. All four mines of the Jones and Laughlin Steel Corporation near Pittsburgh remained idle. Commodore Perry arrived Japan on July 14, 1853. in Foremen Return to Jobs in Ford Plant Detroit. June 24 —I/PI— The Ford Motor Company announced this afternoon that some 1.500 foremen in four units of the Rouge Plant who walked oul yesterday "are returning lo work at once." The Ford spokesman did not amplify that announcement. Their union chief said the foremen had quit their jobs because of company refusal to rehire certain strikers of lasl week-end. Nylon Hose Drive to Close July 1 Mrs. C. O. Thomas, chairman of the woman's division of the Henip- stcad County scrap drive, announced today that no discarded nylon hose will be- collected after July l. Women having old hose nn? urged to turn them over to Ihe designated stores in Hope. Collection of fals and mttals will continue.

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