Deaths, Funerals ^X^:;™ 10 - 2 Daily Record ^ « • *M».lfl«**t*M*tMMI» 1*11 *Mtl. •' * CHARLES F. GARMIRE Times HcnM Newt tcnrlct GRAY — Charles frederick Garmire, 91. of Gray died late Wednesday, April 28, at St. Anthony Regional Hospital in Carroll, where he had been a patient for about ten days. He was a retired sales representative for John Deere Co. and former mayor of Gray. Services will be held at 2 p.m. Saturday at the Ohde Funeral Home in Manning. The Rev. Ivan Rose of Gray will officiate; interment will be in Maple Grove Cemetery, Audubon. Pallbearers will be Lloyd Aikman, George Campbell, John Moeller, Roy Gittins, Willis Puck and Charles King Jr. Mr. Garmire was born in Lincoln Township, Audubon County, a son of Samuel and Maria Schrieber Garmire. He attended rural school and Iowa State College, Ames. He married Grace Cameron June 15, 1910, and they made their home in Gray, where he operated an implement and hardware store for about IS years. He was a sales representative for the Deere firm for 35 years before retiring in 1953. He belonged to the Masonic Lodge at Audubon. Mr. Garmire is survived by two daughters, Mrs. Arnold (Marjorie) Luce of Minneapolis, Minn., and Mrs. Wilbur (Sadiemarie) Kroll of Pleasanton, Calif.; 11 grandchildren and four great-grandchildren; and two sisters, Mrs.'Cora Dixson and Mrs. Elsie Newell of Ames. His wife died March 28,1960. Also preceding him in death was a son, Sam. VERNON C.STEVENS SCRANTON - Services for Vernon Charles Stevens, 73, of Scranton were held at the Church of Christ here at 10:30 a.m. Thursday. The Rev. Dan King officiated. Robert Reck sang "The Old Rugged Cross" and "Beyond the Sunset," accompanied by the organist, Mrs. Leone Richardson. Pallbearers were Burnette Le.gore, James Gleason, Daniel Petersen, Royce St. Peter, Fawn Samuel and Forrest Gibson. Fred Dillivan. Edward ^Sailer, Harold McDonald .and .Francis G u s,tpj,f,, we r,e.,,,h.onpra ry. pallbearers. Burial was in the Scranton Cemetery, under direction of the Dahn-Woodhouse Funeral Home of Scranton. Mr. Stevens died at the Greene County Medical Center, Jefferson, April 26 after a,brief illness, MRS. JOHN A. SCHROEDER SR. .ARCADIA — Mass of the resurrection for Mrs. John A. (Stella) Schroeder, 73, of Arcadia, will be celebrated at 1:30 p.m. Monday in St. John's Church here by the Revs. Clarence Ferring and Robert O'Reilly. Interment will be in the parish cemetery. 'Mrs. Schroeder died at St. Anthony Regional Hospital in Carroll at 9 a.m. Thursday, April 29, after a seven-week illness. •Friends may call after 7:30 p.m. Saturday at the Twit Funeral Home, Carroll. The rosary will be recited at 8 p.m. Saturdy and at 3, 8 and 8:45 p.m. Sunday. Mrs. Schroeder, daughter of Ernst and Mary Koensgen Muenchow, was born April 5, 1903. in Chicago, 111., and graduated from high school there. She had lived on Route 1, Arcadia, since 1924. Her marriage to Mr. Schroeder Mrs. John A. (Stella) \ Schroeder Sr. Arcadia — Age 73 Friends may call at the Twit Funeral Home . Saturday .' Roiary Saturday at 8 p.m. Rotary Sunday at 3, 8 and ••• 8:45 p.m. Mass of the Resurrection 1 :30 p.m. Monday ' at St. John's Church Arcadia Officiating • Revs. Clarence Ferring and < Robert O'Reilly *. Final Resting Place St. John's Cemetery TWIT took place at St. John's Church, Arcadia, Aug. 11, 1925, with the Rev. Fr. Berger officiating. She was a member of the church. Seven children survive, including John A. Jr. and Lawrence C. of Arcadia, Paul D. of Coon Rapids, James R. of Denison, Thomas Bruce of Bath, Mich., Mrs. E. Lee (Barbara) Wiegand of Amarillo, Tex., and Mrs. Stanley (Patricia) Chormicle of Norwalk, Calif. Also surviving are 23 grandchildren and one great-grandchild. Mrs. Schroeder was preceded in death by her husband; a grandson, Scott Schroeder; and a brother, John Muenchow. OTTOE.MASSMAN WESTSIDE — Otto E. Massman, 79, of Westside, died Thursday, April 29, at Crawford County Memorial Hospital in Denison. He was a retired farmer. Funeral services will be held at the United Church South, Westside, at 11 a.m. Monday. Burial will be in the Westside Cemetery. Friends may call at the Huebner Funeral Home in Denison after 2 p.m. Saturday. Mr. Massman is survived by his wife, Elva; a daughter, Mrs. August (Maureen) Engelhardt of California; a son, Verle of Westside; four grandchildren and five great-grandchildren; a brother, Harry Massman of Omaha, Neb.; and two sisters, Mrs. Emelia Oliver of Omaha and Mrs. Oliver (Mildred) Johnson of Long Beach, Calif. IRVENJ.LONG LAKE VIEW - Irven J. Long, 79, of Lake View, a retired farmer, died Thursday afternoon, April 29, at Loring Hospital, Sac City. Funeral services will be held at 10:30 a.m. Monday at the United Methodist Church, with burial in Ferguson Cemetery, all at Lake View. The Farber and Otteman Funeral Home of Lake View is in charge of arrangements. Mr. Long farmed in Buena Vista County in the Rembrandt and Albert City area from 1953 until 1962. He is survived by his wife, Winifred; three sons, Leland of Des Moines. R. Dale of Sac City and James of Liberty„ .ville, 111.; ten grandchildren.;, a brother. LaVern of Sac City; and a sister, Mrs. Mae Quistorf f of Watsonville, Calif. .Board of Trade CHICAGO (AP) —Grainfu- tures moved irregularly in very light trade and within a narrow range on the Chicago Board of Trade today. Prices were largely lower on the opening, with wheat leading the downturn on a loss of 2V4 cents a bushel. Just a flurry of buying then brought prices up to with a range of about 1 cent a bushel lower to l'/4 higher. Dealings were mixed, but the pace very slow. After the halfway point, wheat futures were unchanged to V6 cent a bushel higher, May 3.28; corn was *& lower to l'/4 higher, May 2.70'/4; soybeans were l k lower to % higher, May 4.79% and oats were l h lower to % higher, May 1.54'/4. • Prisons (Continued From Page 1) School at Mitchellville into a men's prison. The Senate Thursday rejected a recommendation to close the Mitchellville school and transfer its inmates to the Toledo Juvenile Home. But it left open the option to convert the school to a prison. "We're going to provide the best possible solution with the finances available," said Sen. William Palmer, D-Des Moines, chairman of the Appropriations Committee.,, "Mitchellville may be the best." Palmer said he and others are re-reading various studies and proposals to alleviate the over-crowded conditions. '"MdSrairof those indicate It wouldn't be feasible to build new facilities," Palmer said. "But conditions contradict this. The prisons are getting more and more crowded." The Senate Wednesday rejected converting the Mount Pleasant Mental Health Institute into a prison and also turned down giving the Department of Social Services $3.5 million and telling it to purchase or convert existing facilities into a prison. The Social Services Department has recommended constructing a new prison at Newton. Markets GRAIN Soybeans, No. 2 $4.40 Corn, No. 2 yellow 2.48 Oats 1-40 DES MOINES, Iowa (AP) (USDA) Iowa - southern Minnesota direct hogs: Estimated receipts Friday 45,000; actual receipts Thursday 81,000; week ago 38,000; year ago 43,000. Butchers 25 to mostly 50 lower than midsession Thursday or 50-75. instances 1.00 lower than close; trading and demand moderate; U.S. 1-3 200-230 Ibs some to 240 Ibs at country points 47.00-47.25; plants 47.50-47.75; few plants 48.00; sows unevenly steady; U.S. 1-3 270-330 Ibs 41.00-42.50. Sheep: Estimated receipts Friday 300; shorn lambs steady to 1.00 higher Thursday; choice and prime 90-110 Ib shorn with mostly number one pelts 60.00-63.00. NEW YORK (AP) -The stock market was mixed today against a background of conflicting interest rate developments. The noon DowJones average of 30 industrials was down 2.84 to 999.29 after being ahead more than a point in the opening hour. Gainers topped losers by a narrow margin among New York Stock Exchange-listed issues. Displaying the same indecisiveness that has marked each trading session this week. Wall Street seemed torn by the favorable news that Citibank lowered its prime rate a quarter point to 6M> per cent, effective Monday, and by the bad news that Treasury bill rates rose today on the money markets. With the nation's money supply rising rapidly for the past four weeks, the market has been sensitive to interest rate developments recently. General Motors, the Big Board volume leader, added '/4 to 71%, including 100,000-share block at 71'/2. • Hughes (Continued From Page 1) ing the crudely written instructions was given to Clark County Clerk Loretta Bowman earlier Thursday by •• Wilford W.-Kirton Jr., legal counsel for the Church of ••Jesus Christ-of Latter-day Saints (Mormon). Kirtonsaid it had been found Tuesday at the church's headquarters in Salt Lake City. He said a handwriting expert consulted by Mormon officials said the document seemed authentic. However, officials at Summa Corp., parent company for Hughes' vast holdings, said they doubted the will had been drawn by Hughes and a court fight over its authenticity seemed probable. The judge here who will decide whether the document is the last will of the eccentric billionaire said Dietrich would have to prove its validity. "Since Dietrich has been named executor, it would be up to him to submit proof that this will was'indeed the last will and testament of Howard Hughes, that it was properly signed by Howard Hughes and that Howard Hughes was mentally capable of executing a will at the time it was signed," said Chief Judge Keith Hayes of the 8th Judicial District Court. Hayes declined to say specifically what he would accept as proof of the will's validity but commented, "Someone would have to prove that this will was written by Howard Hughes j'and that it is legally binding. I would say that someone would have to have been familiar with Mr. Hughes or (be) some kind of an expert, such as a handwriting analyst." -If-declared validr the .'will. ' would leave one four'trf'tff"" Hughes' fortune, estimated at up to $2.5 billion, to the Hughes Medical Institute in Miami. Several of Hughes associates have said they - expected him to leave much of his money to medical research and charity because such a bequest normally is exempt from federal estate taxes. The holographic will — so called because it purports to be written in one's own hand — contains no signatures of witnesses. A federal judge in Clark County said a holographic will does not require witnesses, merely verification from handwriting experts. CORRECTION Stephen M. Comito was incorrectly identified as Stephen Crane in a license to wed iii Thursday's paper. DAILY RECORD COURTHOUSE New Vehicles Registered— Norma J. Bromert, Carroll, Oldsmobile; Daniel Hackfort, Carroll, Chevrolet; Henry H. Meyer, Dedham, Oldsmobile; Norman or Mary Ludwig, Breda, Chevrolet; Barry L. Kohnke, Carroll, Volkswagen, and Wendl, Inc., Carroll, Suzuki. Real Estate Transfers- Earl J. and Mary E. Van Scoy to J. Douglas and Marilyn Conrad, Lot 1, and Part of Lot 2, Block 16, Blair's Addition, Glidden. Larry D. and Ruth L. Sporrer to David J. and Sharon M. Nagl, Lot 8, Block 6, West Lawn Addition, Carroll. Joseph L. and Ruth M. Heisterkamp, et al to Jerome M. and Vicki M] Becker, Part of Lot 7, Block 7, Glidden. Blanche L. Walsh to Peter E. and Stena Petersen, Lots 7 and 8, Block 2, Bradley and Cretsingers Second Addition, Coon Rapids. LaVern and Edna Mae Trecker to Joseph and Bertilla Overmohle, Parts of NEV4SEV4, Sec. 16, Twp. 83N, Range 35W. Ward A. and Irene E. Willey to Ward A. and Irene E. Willey, SW'/4, Sec. 9, Twp. 84N, Range 33W. James P. and Darlene L. Jensen to Gerald D. and Rita J. Mathine, Lot 1 of Irregular Survey of Block 37, Eaton's Addition, Glidden. MAGISTRATE COURT OMVUI— Eldom M. Weems, rural Manilla, was charged with operating a motor vehicle while under the influence Friday morning in Magistrate Court. Weems was charged with OMVUI Thursday by State Trooper Mario Feick in Manning.' . ' ST. ANTHONY REGIONAL HOSPITAL Admissions April 29— Earl Woolen, Carroll Dean Sigwalt, Westside Mrs. Emmert A. Hansen, Gray Births- Mr, and Mrs. James Heinrichs, a son, Thursday Charged by State Agents Judy Marie Schwabe, rural Carroll, was charged with selling or dispensing or allowing consumption of beer or alcoholic beverages after hours Thursday in Magistrate Court. She was charged with the counts March 26 and April 29 by special agents of the Iowa Department of Public Safety, Division Vice Enforcement, in Black's of Carroll, Inc., or Louie's Lounge. Under these charges, an establishment's license can be suspended for 30 days. There have been complaints to the Carroll County Sheriff's office of late closings of taverns in the county, according to Sheriff John G. Longnecker. Spot checking of taverns in the county will continue, the sheriff said. Daily Grain DES MOINES, Iowa (AP) — Corn and soybean prices per bushel paid to Iowa farmers at the close of business Thursday. Prices compiled from country elevators by the Iowa Department of Agriculture and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Corn Soybeans Northwest 2.38-2.46 4.35-4.45 N. Central 2.42-2.49 4.38-4.48 Northeast 2.44-2.54 4.45-4.59 Southwest 2.36-2.43 4.32-4.44 S. Central 2.39-2.50 4.42-4.47 Southeast 2.50-2.60 4.55-4.64 Perkins Pushes Road Sign Bill An amendment to a bill that will allow non-municipal recognition signs such as Glid- den-RaIston's football championship sign to remain, has passed the State House of Representatives, Carroll Perkins, D-Jefferson, said. Perkins said he proposed the amendment that adds the word "and," allowing official "and" directional signs to be in the public's view on Iowa's highways. He has been working with State Department of Transportation (DOT) trying to "work out a satisfactory long-term solution for signs," the representative said. The bill now has to go back to the state senate for approval. "The DOT approves of the amendment and I predict the senate will accept it," Perkins commented. The bill will allow the DOT to draft departmental rules to create a new category of signs . which they will call temporary signs, he added. Other signs allowed under this new category will be contest signs such as the Farm Achievement Show and directions to state plowing matches, Perkins explained. The representative also mentioned that a bill giving Iowa State University at Ames $100,000 for psuedo rabies research has passed the house. Psuedo rabies is a disease which causes many livestock deaths every year, particularly in swine. Traffic Deaths DES MOINES, Iowa (AP) The Iowa highway death count through midnight Thursday as prepared by the Iowa Department of Public Safety: This year to date —175. Last year to date —170. Briefly Terms reports. Anderson created a sensation by publishing the grand jury transcripts which gave the first solid testimony of the Watergate crimes. He was the first to report that President Nixon had no advance knowledge of the Watergate break-in, but had participated in the Watergate cover-up. : -.01 Long before the* Watergate scandal broke, Anderson dug out the story about Howard Hughes' $100,000 cash payoff which was delivered by a Hughes emissary to Bebe Rebozo at Key Biscayne and San Clemente. It was also Anderson's stories that led to the celebrated Senate hearings on the International Telephone and Telegraph Company. He published the famous Dit'a Beard memo telling of a $400,000 ITT offer to help stage the Republican convention in San Diego. In 1972 Anderson received the Pulitzer prize for proving that President Nixon and Henry Kissinger had lied to the Congress and the public about the U.S. tilt toward Pakistan in the India-Pakistan conflict. Anderson has been credited with driving a number of miscreants out of public office, including former Senators Tom Dodd, D-Conn., George Murphy, R-Calif., and Marlow Cook, R-Ky. The latest was a series of columns which led to the resignation of postmaster Ted Klassen in the middle of his term. When Drew Pearson died in 1969, Jack Anderson took over the Washin g t o n Merry-Go-Round column which appears daily in more than 970 newspapers. Anderson frankly describes himself as a muckraker, but he insists his object is not sensationalism but reform. Indeed, be.professes to be • Columns (Continued From Page 1) accepted a call from his church to serve two years, 1942-43. as a full-time missionary in the Southern states. He still teaches Sunday School and delivers an occasional sermon. Anderson served briefly during World War II. as a cadet officer in the Merchant Marine, resigned to accept • credentials as a civilian war cor respondent.! -He w-as • accompanying a band of Chinese guerrillas behind Japanese lines when the draft board tried to induct him. Not until he emerged from behind the lines after the armistice were the authorities able to locate the prospective soldier. Inducted in China, he was assigned to the Shanghai edition of the Army newspaper. Stars and Stripes. Kilpatrick, the outspoken, articulate former editor of the Richmond ( V a . ) News-Leader, has written more than 300.000 words a year for many years. His column will appear three times a week in the Times Herald starting Monday. Kilpat'rick's conservative opinions get readership and attention from militant liberals, die-hard conservatives and professed moderates. They all enjoy the exercise, sensing that he is not really predictable on any issue. James Kilpatrick was born in Oklahoma City in 1920. He was graduated from the University of Missouri with a Bachelor of Journalism degree in 1941. He joined the Richmond News-Leader as a general reporter right after graduation. Following several years covering state and federal courts and offices, he was assigned to the News-Leader's capitol staff where he covered the Virginia General Assembly, the Governor's office, and state political news. Kilpatrick became associate editor of the News-Leader in 1949, and editor in 1950. He moved to Washington in 1966 where he has work space in the newsroom of the Washington Star-News. ... .A.doze/i major citations awarded to Kilpatrick include the University of Missouri's Distinguished Service Award .in 1954, the Sigma Delta Chi Award in 1955; the Afro-American Award for "Superior Public Service Without Thought of Gain" arid the Award of Merit. Daughters of the American Revolution; in 1957. James Kilpatrick is the author of "The Sovereign States"; co-editor of "The Lasting South" and editor of "We the States," the author of "The Smut Peddlers" and "The Southern Case for School Segregation.'.' He is, vice chairman of Virginia's Commission on Constitutional Government and chairman of the state's 1965 Magna Carta Commission. Kilpatrick, called the "best reporter I ever had" by the managing editor who first hired him, attempts to give his readers something more than they get from the news. He's been doing just that for more than 350 newspapers including every major city in the nation. As he grows older Kilpatrick feels he is becoming more and more temperate... finds that issues have a tendency to shade to complex grays instead of crisp black and white. It takes more time, he says, to take a stand. But he asks. "How can we not take a .^stahd when we upbraid our state legislators, the Congress and the President when they fail to say clearly; Yes or No?" Agree with him or not — you read him. officials who feel the prick of his pen. He considers it the special calling of the press, however, to expose corruption and crusade for reforms. The fact that he would rather write only nice things about everybody doesn't deter him from doing his duty as he sees it. Jack Northman Anderson, 52. was born in Long Beach, Calif., and reared in Salt Lake City, Utah. His father was a postal clerk, his mother a taxi driver. When he was 12 he got his first newspaper job as a $7-a-week reporter for the weekly Murray Eagle in Salt Lake City suburbs. By the time he was 18, he was working on the city desk at the, Salt Lake Tribune. ' • .A practicing Morman. he The Weather IOWA FORECAST Partly cloudy northwest, mostly cloudy with a chance of some light rain southeast tonight. Low upper 30s northwest, low 40s southeast. Partly cloudy Saturday. High upper 50s northeast, low 60s west. IOWA EXTENDED FORECAST Sunday Through Tuesday Partly cloudy with a chance of rain Monday night, or Tuesday. Highs the upper 50s,to mid 60s. lows the upper 30s to Iow40s. The Weather in Carroll (Daily Temperatures Courtesy of Iowa Public Service Co.) Yesterday's high. 61 Yesterday's low..'.".:.. ..'.."W At7a.m. today .....49 At 10 a.m. today 57 Precipitation (24 hours prior to 7 a.m. (Trace of rain. Weather A Year Ago— Temperatures ranged from 56 to 39 degrees in Carroll a year ago today under partly cloudy skies. MONROVIA, Liberia (AP) - The United States is prepared to recognize the Marxist government of Angola provided it expels the 15,000 Cuban troops now on its soil, Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger said today. Kissinger, who flew to Liberia from Zaire, also dismissed as "totally irresponsible" any suggestion that his pledge to promote black rule in Rhodesia could serve to encourage violence in that country. Regarding Angola, preliminary discussions about possible diplomatic relations were begun six weeks ago with Angolan representatives at the United Nations, U.S. officials said privately. Kissinger offered the olive branch in a speech prepared for a dinner given by Liberian President William R. Tolbert Jr. He said the United States would also be willing to provide economic aid. Prime Rate Cut NEW YORK (AP) — Citibank, the nation's second largest commercial bank, cut its prime lending rate from 6% per cent to 6M> per cent today. Citibank has often led the way for prime rate changes by other banks. The new rate, effective Monday, is what the bank charges for loans to its most creditworthy corporate customers. The prime rate is not directly related to consumer or mortgage lending rates, although it is one indication of the trend of interest rates in general. Ford Test Saturday By The Associated Press President Ford, embroiled in a key Texas primary race against Ronald Reagan, fe already looking toward November, telling audiences in the Lone Star state, "We don't really know what Jimmy Carter stands for." After Carter's easy Pennsylvania primary victory and Thursday's decision by Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey to stay out of the primary battles, Ford said he believes Carter will be the Democratic nominee. Ford — whose campaign swing through Texas continued today — is now suggesting he will surprise people in the Texas Republican primary Saturday in which he has rated himself an underdog. After several days of poking at Reagan, he abruptly shifted gears on Thursday and began talking about the Democrats. New Soviet Chief MOSCOW (AP) — Western specialists say the Soviet Union's new defense minister, Dmitri F. Ustinov, ' favors heavy military spending and accelerated technological development. "A bright, tough guy," said one Western military attache of the first civilian to head the Soviet military machine since Stalin fired Leon Trotsky in 1925. The appointment of the 67year-old armaments expert was announced Thursday night, a few hours after his predecessor, Marshal Andrej Grechko, was buried in the Kremlin wall. Grechko, 72, died Monday of a heart attack. He had been defense minister since 1967. Tax Burden' NEW YORK (AP) — Taxpayers in 20 states paid more than $1 in taxes to the federal government for every dollar their states received in federal grants in '^ aid, the Tax Foundation says. v < ? Florida taxpayers got the worst return for their federal tax dollar, the foundation said Thursday, paying $1.46 for each $1 that came back from the government. District of Columbia's taxpayers got the best deal, the foundation said. They paid only 28 cents for every dollar returned in federal grants, The figures were calculated under a formula developed by the foundation in cooperation with other organizations more than 10 years ago. The costs of administering federal grants and the amounts of matching funds required from the states are not taken into consideration. The foundation said federal grants for fiscal 1975 totalled $48.2 billion, including $6.1 billion in revenue-sharing funds. The biggest share of the grant total, $5.7 billion, went to New York, whose taxpayers sent 83 cents to Washington for every dollar received, the foundation said. Two states, Arizona and Pennsylvania, came out even, dollar for dollar, the report said. No Profit for Amtrak WASHINGTON (AP) - Amtrak, the government's grand plan for continuing rail passenger service across the nation, will end its first five years of operation tonight without a single route showing a profit and with its need for government subsidy growing. However, the corporation has accomplished one of the goals set by Congress, reversing 25 years of declining rail passenger service. Amtrak's ridership has increased by about 9 per cent per year since it took over most rail passenger service at 12:01 a.m. on May 1,1971. ' : Yet its costs have risen faster than revenues and its need for federal subsidy has increased from the $40 million it received from the government in 1971 to $360 million in 1976. The corporation will probably need far greater subsidy in the next five years, a General Accounting Office report shows. The study estimates Amtrak will require at least $6.2 billion in federal help from 1976 to 1980. t Soviet Radiation WASHINGTON (AP) — Two former Secret Service agents say intense levels of radiation at the U.S. ambassador's mansion in Moscow were discovered in 1959, during then-Vice President Richard M. Nixon's trip to the Soviet Union, and that Nixon may have been exposed to the radiation. The radiation disappeared after the agents, who had assumed the Soviets were beaming the rays, said they used a ploy designed to persuade the Russians to stop the radiation. . • The former Secret Service agents said they detected "'the' radiation in the quarters of t h e n-U . S . Ambassador Llewellyn E. Thompson, who resided at the Spasso House mansion. During his four-day stay in Moscow. Nixon slept there and the agents say he may have been exposed to the rays for one night until the ' radiation was stopped. It was during this visit that Nixon and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev engaged in their famous "kitchen debate" about the merits of capitalism versus communism.
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