Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa on April 29, 1976 · Page 3
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Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa · Page 3

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Thursday, April 29, 1976
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Carroll Daily Times Herald Comment & Feature Page Thursday, April 29,1976 Inside Report Checks and Balances ;! A number of writers have called attention to the fact that 1976 is not 'Only the 200th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence. It is 'also the bicentennary of the publication.of another work which ;! was to profoundly influence the course of history — Adam Smith's : ! 'An Inquiry Into the Wealth of Nations." ••' 'That both appeared in the same year may have been a coincidence of '•the calendar, but there the coincidence ends. Each document •was in its own way a radical 'statement for the times which •'ignited the imaginations and •energies of men, the one in the sphere of politics and government, the other in economics. ' If the American experience has proved anything, it is that political freedom and progress and economic freedom and progress are inseparable. ( - For all the sweeping assertions in "•the Declaration of Independence, 'the signers of that document, many ' of r whom later participated in the '•framing of the Constitution of the •' United States, were pragmatists and ' students of history. Aware of the natural tendency of • : men, and of governments composed 'of men to seek their own •'self-aggrandizement, they wrote ; into; the Constitution a system of 'Ichecks and balances designed to ; ensure a division of power among the three branches of government. -"'They also recognized, in the First Amendment, that the free competition-of ideas was an. •indispensable bulwark against '. xtyranny. "•••'."Similarly, the Scotsman Smith • .argued that "it is not from the ibenevolence of the butcher, the . brewer or the baker that we expect .A our dinner, but from their regard to ;..their self-interest. We address .'.'ourselves not to their humanity but •'. to their self-love, ,and never talk to • ••> them of our necessities but of their advantage." ' It was through the free competition of these individual self-interests, Smith argued, that the general good of society was served. In an economic counterpart of the political system of checks and balances, he postulated an "invisible hand" which regulated supply and demand, production and consumption, prices and wages. This, of course, was a description of an ideal state, unattainable by men, as Smith, a pragmatist himself, fully realized. Far from being the apostle of pure laissez faire capitalism as he has often been characterized, he knew that "people of the same trade seldom meet together but the conservation ends >in a conspiracy against the public, or in some diversion to raise prices.'' It was, however, chiefly against the then-prevailing system of mercantilism — the government's chartering of monopolies of favored domestic industries at the expense of colonies, the infinitely detailed laws regulating prices and wages, production arid trade — that "The Wealth of Nations" was directed/' If Adam Smith had been George III, there would never have been a Boston Tea Party, the result of a monopoly vested in the British East India Tea Company. Had Parliament been composed of Adam Smiths, the Americans would have , been able to sever their ties with Britain peacefully to pursue their own destiny, to the benefit of both mother country and colonies. One likes to think that were Adam Smith to return today, he would be pleased at a nation which has been the most outstanding example of his philosophy in practice. For all its obvious shortcomings, the United States has achieved the greatest economic justice for the greatest number, as well as the greatest measure of individual freedom within the confines of necessary law. That is as much as he, or the signers of the Declaration of Independence could have hoped for in 1776. 'fi-m:'-r' .nfcP'iS'i^Si'j'iV ; 1 'ii-fc '' 1 Not So Proud By Tom Tiede •• 'WASHINGTON — (NEA) — Despite the advertisements, the U.S. Marines have-always wanted something more than just "a few good men." And its, training has revealed what the propaganda has not. Marine recruits are obliged to forget self and think unit to a degree that can become mechanical, even suicidal, as the corps struggles to staff itself with what are in effect's few blind robots; "' Obviously the transformation of men i'nit'o machines carries with it grave risks. Hence, once again the corps is embroiled over, the handling, or rather the^ abuse, of its youngest members. E'xa'mple: in an effort to frighten a 25-year-old boot named Harry Hiscock, a' marine drill instructor inserted a supposed dud into a rifle and 'shot the hapless young man through the hand; the IJ'oot was indeed frightened, and his hand no longer has two knuckles. The Incident is not isolated. Military records indicate that this smallest of military services has far and away the l.argest number^of training pecu'liarities. Last year 150 of the corps' 600 drill Instructors were accused of mental or physical brutality. What kind? Recruit Art Hill of West Virginia was told..that his mother was a whore and a Coirimunist. Another man was made to masturbate in front of his platoon. "If ypu just get socked, you're lucky," says ex Marine Steve Spiva of Akron, Ohio, " ! I ; remember guys who were so screwed up they cut their wrists and we never heard of them again." '.The occurrences are startling, not the least because the decided trend in the milit&ry has been to moderate training p'r'o'ce'dures, partly because of Marine excesses in the past. It has been exactly 20 years since six corps recurits were "dr.QSyried during exercises at Parris Island, a tragedy that convinced most services to root put harmful practices (find instructors). • f Ttje corps', however, always fascinated with .the hair on its chest, changed only in degrees. No longer would D.I.'s be able to threaten recruits with death, as example, unless done in jest'''that' is, ho-ho, which naturally nullified the rule. 'So"the old ways'have continued. Psyphiatrist Chaim Shatan of New Ydr'k, a long-time cpunselor of veterans, says that the historic idea of separating a man from his values remains Marine Corps doctrine. Force is used'. Fear also. Anything to reduce a man to the will of the cause. '-Shatan says the process is guaranteed to-produce abuse, injury arid "death as a part of normal training: "THe Marines know this, they want it. Foreign Aid Horse-trading By Roland Evans and Robert Novak WASHINGTON — In an ingenious horsetrading effort to halt usurpation of presidential authority over foreign policy, the White House is considering this unique bargain with Congress: a compromise settlement on extra military aid for Israel in exchange for cancelling rigid new restrictions over foreign aid. President Ford wants the worst restrictions, including the extraordinary requirement of a new human rights office to police military aid, removed from the foreign aid bill. In return, he is considering partial restoration of the half-billion dollars in extra military aid for Israel which he has said he would veto. This election-year tradeoff carries two obvious political assets for Mr. Ford: first, an escape route from vetoing a bill which could damage him in the presidential campaign; second, at least a temporary halt to dangerous congressional encroachment on a President's foreign policy authority. The price: excessive aid to Israel, reducing pressure on the Israeli government to keep negotiating. Congressional encroachment reached a climax in an audacious amendment by Rep. Don Fraser of Minnesota compelling the President to establish a new Coordinator for Human Rights in the State Department. This functionary would give Congress exhaustive reports on the condition of "human rights" in each of the 80-plus countries receiving U.S. military aid. If the coordinator's report indicated a violation of "human rights" —as would surely be the case in such pro-Western authoritarian governments as South Korea and Chile — Congress would, cancel the aid program by concurrent resolution. That device, requiring no presidential signature, constitutes a legislative veto that might well be declared unconstitutional in a court test. But a court test could take a long time. Another new restriction on presidential authority in the pending bill is designed to end" U.S. aid to any Arab country that requires American companies to discriminate in any way against Israel. This, too, the President would like to remove in return for additional dollars to Israel. This hamstringing of presidential authority is the latest sign that Congress has by no means recovered from its emotional reaction to Vietnam Advice Hide, Sneak; Kiss or Tell? By Abigail Van Buren DEAR ABBY: So now you are giving spiritual advice? Who are you to say that a husband and wife should not confess the sin of infidelity to one another. When one has broken the sacred marriage vows, the only way to make proper restitution is to make a full confession to the betrayed spouse and to ask for forgiveness from the wronged one. If my mate sins against me, he should confess his sin to ME! It is my forgiveness that he needs in order to Around the Rotunda 'No' to Switch They think this is the only way they can prepare people for the abuse, injury and death on the battlefield.'' And is it the only way? Unarguably. the Marines have a history of courage and success in battle. But the other side of it is that this history probably would have been no different with men trained more civilly. It might be argued that a robot is needed to storm a beach where 50 per cent casualties are expected, but stormed beaches have not been deciding factors in modern American wars. In the drudgery that was Vietnam, actually, where Marines could be compared man to man with soldiers of ; other services, there was little difference in performance. The Army infantry did at least as well under fire. Marine authorities deny this. They also deny corps training is anything but vital. Conviction is deep that if one is taught to think he's tough, he is tough. And so as part of the theory, black recruits may be called coons, men receiving letters from home are forced to read them before the group, dud grenades are tossed into clusters for -reaction. Tough? Only if head muscles count. "What they do is teach fear," says the mother of the wounded Harry Hiscock, "it's the same way you'll teach a dog not to track mud in the house/' Predictably, the Hiscock incident has led to the routine "investigation" in the Marine Corps establishment. And promises of reforms are again being made. But nothing short of an admission of fundamental error will suffice. Marines should be trained as other soldiers, with regard for what's right. If we have to reduce men to dogs to protect the Republic, we limit the worth of what's being protected. "Quote/Unquote" "You couldn't call it victory because we didn't run that well. But we ran just well enough to keep going so it really wasn't defeat. We didn't know what, to call it and we just decided to .call it quits." —Fred Harris, announcing his withdrawal from active campaigning for the Democratic presidential nomination. "We are very much troubled at this point 25 years into the nuclear age that we find ourselves with no satisfactory way to dispose of nuclear waste." —Prof. Henry Kendall, of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, on the dangers of radioactive wastes from nuclear plants. by Harrison Weber DES MOINES — Members of a legislative subcommittee have nixed the idea of transferring the state motor vehicle fuel tax division from the revenue department to the department of transportation. The proposal was being advanced as part of a further concentration of similar services in one department. But representatives of both state ; agencies told members of a House ip . appropriations subcommittee on < transportation Tuesday that they would >•, like to see a thorough study on the proposal before making any recommendation. Rep. Laverne Schroeder, R-McClelland, summed up the sentiments of the subcommittee when . he said such a recommendation may make sense in 2'or 3 years after the DOT has settled into its present plan "and everyone knows where they are going." When questioned about the cost of operating the motor vehicle fuel tax division, Richard Johnson, director of administration for the DOT, observed that the revenue department had pared the working force from about 84 to 60 employes in ten years "and it appears there is little fat, if any, remaining." He- was referring to the transfer of the division from the state treasurer's office to the revenue department. , Johnson said it may make some sense to nave one department collect all of the funds thatgcrinto the road'usetax fund. State Revenue Director Gerald Bair said the transfer might be compounded at this time because lowans can claim credit on their income tax forms for. purchase of fuel used for non-highway purposes. It might prove burdensome, he said, for another agency to check on claims made on state income tax returns. Both Johnson and Bair suggested further study before committing themselves on the proposed transfer. Congressional Report / Paper Chase by Congressman Tom-Harkih cleanse his soul. I think you should print a retraction, Abby. Many people take your advice seriously. SAVED IN STAUNTON, VA. DEAR SAVED: I believe that a "confession" that will hurt an innocent party should be withheld. There are better ways of making restitution, such as prayer, keeping a silent vow never to repeat the act and a special measure of kindness and consideration to the one betrayed. The punishment is more severe when the guilt is borne in silence by the guilty one. There is nothing "noble" about cleansing one's conscience in the tears of another. Read on for a surprising letter from a reader who shares my views: DEAR ABBY: Of all the despicable people I will ever have to contend with. deliver me from the "kiss-and-tell" hypocrite. Confessions to clear the conscience? Rubbish! Most confessions of infidelity are motivated (sometimes unconsciously) by the desire to injure the innocent party, and-or the wish to boast. Confession to the Lord is good. Likewise, confession to a clergyman. Even to the bartender or the barber. But never to the one who will be hurt to hear it. To break one's marriage vows is a mortal sin. But it is a human weakness, and the flesh is sometimes weak. But to inflict needless pain on an innocent party is also a sin. Christ has been known to forgive the adulterer. ("Go forth, and sin no more.") But Christ had no good words for the hypocrite. Who am I? A clergyman who once, many years ago, confessed his infidelity to his wife. REGRETSAPLENTY and CIA excesses which led to legislative curbs on the President. Rather, Congress is still moving hard down that same road. The deal now being considered in the White House is calculated to slow the congressional onslaught, and no bait could be more seductive to an election-year Congress than the bait of more military arms to Israel. The controversy over the size of Israeli aid stems from a major blunder by Secretary of State Henry Kissinger last February. He was unaware that President P'ord had privately ruled out any extra aid money for Israel during the so-called "transition quarter" the three-month period between the June 30. 1976. end of the present fiscal year, and the Oct. 1 start of the new fiscal year. So Kissinger routinely approved a request by several Senators to allocate Israel $550 million for the three months. In fact, budget director James Lynn had convinced Mr. Ford that the U.S. budget could not stand any higher allocation of military aid for Israel — or, for that matter, economic aid for the Arabs — during the transition quarter. But Kissinger's approval set forces in motion which could not be reversed in Senate committees. The President did manage to persuade the House appropriations Committee not to approve the extra money. But even to do that took a letter to Speaker Carl Albert, signed by the President April 6, threatening to veto any foreign aid bill containing extra funding for the disputed three months. Since then, the Israel lobby in Congress has been trying to arrange some compromise. Sen. Jacob K. Javits of New York, just back from a trip to the Mideast, tried hard to persuade Mr. Ford to agree to something, perhaps $300 million. However, stories leaked to the Israeli press — that the President actually had bought a compromise — were wrong. No compromise has been reached. A veto of the aid bill could not conceivably be overridden. However, such a veto would be followed by passage of a bill without the extra aid for Israel but including the restrictions on presidential authority — a bill whose veto could be overridden. This course of events would leave intact for future years ! the insidious legislative encroachment on the President's freedom to conduct foreign policy without undue restraints. Accordingly, a partial satisfying of Israeli aid demands, though far from the best formula for Mideast peace, could produce an overall foreign policy benefit. Elimination of the harshest of the new congressional restraints would begin to reverse the dangerous congressional usurpation of policymaking that has marked the post-Vietnam era. One of history's painful ironies is the fact that the ancient Egyptians, who invented paper, also (and simulaneously!) invented the world's first bureaucracy. Sometimes it seems the major task of government today is simply to collect reams of reports, memos, briefing papers, and other official documents. And for every one person who reads those memos and reports, scores of others write them. Beyond those people are the thousands more who prepare and distill the information contained in the millions of federal forms-in-triplicate which average U.S. citizens are required to fill out each year. But there is no simple solution to this burden of paperwork. To "cut the Gordian Knot" by simply doing away with all the federal red tape would mean dismantling essential government programs and services. And while modern computer technology can ease the burden of-data manipulation, it can not speed up the psychological process of human understanding — i.e., even computers "talk" to us on paper. One proposal which has been put forward to try to end this "paper chase" is the. Federal Commission on Paperwork. At first glance, this may seem like just another example of the reflex response to any problem: "Let's study it and put out a report." But at least they're doing one thing right — the Commission is seeking the advice of the average citizens who tangle with federal paperwork, and who have perhaps been snarled in the jungle of red tape. The Commission, which is charged with the complex task of understanding — and streamlining — the flow of federal paper, will hold hearings in Des Moines on June 17 and 18, as part of a current series of investigative sessions being held throughout the country. The Commission hopes to gain first-hand information on the paperwork burden from private citizens, businessmen and state and local officials. In the words of the Commission's chairman, U.S. Rep. Frank Horton of New York, "We are intent upon cutting red tape wherever we can immediately, and, as well, proposing long-range reforms to control these problems in the future." I know from personal experience as your Congressman the great creative value of actively seeking out opinions and advice from the folks back home. While the Federal Commission on Paperwork has a truly herculean task, I salute their good sense in taking that task to the people! Animal Life Answer to Previous Puzzle DAILY TIMES HERALD 508 North Court Street Carroll, Iowa Daily Except Saturdays, Sundays and Holidays other than Washington's Birthday and Veteran's Day, by the Herald Publishing Company. JAMES W. WILSON, Publisher W.L.REITZ, News Editor JAMES B.WILSON, Vice President, General Manager Entered as second-class matter at the post-office at Carroll, Iowa, under the act of March 2,1897. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP dispatches. Official Paper of County and City Subscription Rates By carrier delivery per week $ .60 BY MAIL Carroll County and All Adjoining Counties where carrier service is not available, per year $20.00 Outside of Carroll and Adjoining Counties in Zones 1 and 2 per year $23.00 All Other Mail in the United States, per year $27.00 ACROSS 1 Cougars, lor instance 5 Zoo primates 9 Male swan 12 Afresh 13 Girl's name 14 Native metal 15 Unspotted 17 Lass' name 18 Rhythm 19 Ruled 21 Ireland 23 Burmese wood sprite 24. Egyptian deity 27 Covers with 'turf 29 Encounter 32 Entertains 34 Reluctant 36 Sleep 37 Take umbrage 38 Boy's name 39 Scrutinize 41 English stream 42 Greek letter 44 Preposition 46 Busted (slang) 49 Made booboos 53 Lad's name 54 Motor gear 56 Thus (Latin) 57 Roman emperor 58 Genus o( willows 59 Coral reef 60 Gaelic 61 Dispatch DOWN 1 Toss 2 Poker stake 3 of horses 4 Steal (coll.) 5 Everything 6 Looked 7 Noun sulfix 8 Black buck 9 Struck back 10 French river segment 16 Rackets 20 Amusements 22 Flowers 24 Pigeon 25 Australian ostrich 26 Superiority 28 Thermoplastic 30 Serf 31 Head (Fr.) 33 Under (It.) 35 Having art outlet 40 Apple juice (pi ) 43 Make amends 45 Fragrant root 46 Phonograph record 47 Bombyx 48 At all times 50 Ceremony 51 Level 52 Deceased 55 Caviar

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