Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on June 23, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Wednesday, June 23, 1943
Page 1
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The Byline of Dependability Hope Star The Weather Arkansas: Liltlc temperature change tonight; widely scattered thundershowers this afternoon and tonight. VOLUME 44—NUMBER 214 i Star ol Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 23, 1943 (AP)—Moans Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY Miners Return to Work , - : ; O • Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor : ALEX. H. WASHBURN 'Great Number of .American Forts in Day Attacks London, June 23 (/!')— Formations of American Flying Fort- rescs roared low across Dover and Folkestone this evening, dis- palches from those coastal points said, apparently returning from _new daylight attacks on Europe •following a heavy assault last nighl by RAF four-engincd bombers on the Gorman stool and communications center of Muolhcim. Townspeople in Dover and Folkestone vcrowded into Die streets as ^'.he returning Fortresses swept over at less than 2,000 feet. They , waved lo Ihc big bombers and § cheered. II was reported authoritatively • that aerial photographs taken dur- _ing yesterday's Fortress attack on JHuls, Germany, showed the highly- combustible synthetic rubber plant Ihere was sot afire and the enlirc largcl plastered with explosive and incendiary bombs. Today Fortress formations rc- iturncd from across the channel t while squadrons'''of Iwo - engincd I'Wellinglon bombers of the RAF jbslill wore pounding .targets in cn- |emy territory. Scores of high-Hy- JPing Allied fighters also were across fetho channel, continuing the naUcrn pbP •rtJtu'rd'HHe-cloc'fc' asslittlt'.''" ''•'"'•" Th 0 RAF night attack again look ; the British lo Ihc Ruhr. Governors Say South to Stay Democratic Around the Town Since yesterday Hope has been a city without traffic lights. But if you think it is because dwindling war-time automobile use has made traffic lights obsolete you are wrong. ) True, Ihcre arc fewer cars about town—and a great many less on transcontinental highway 07 which runs through town on Third street. But the reason all the traffic lighls on Third street have been dark since yesterday is simpler than thai. The motor which powers the switch thai changes the lights from red to while lo green lias burned out. And gelling motor repairs loday— not to mention replacing them—is a lough job. Meanwhile, don't risk your nock dashing across Third street without first stopping and looking . . . just because the traffic lighls arc AWOL. -K * * Listeners trying to follow the war news over Ihe radio just before going lo bed on Ihundcr-and-lighl- ning nighls such as wo have been having reccnlly, will welcome Ihis news from one of Ihc war-lime re search laboratories: A new stalic suppressor has just been perfected for the Army and Navy by Iho Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. According lo Ihc press story from Akron, Ohio, the rcsull "is like a muffler on an aulo, reducing slalic noise lo a purr . . . Crashing slalic noise made by nearby lightning is reduced to about the loudncss of Ihe rustle of a sheet of paper." The mililary forces will use tlic new slalic suppressor to aid radar, the electric eye which "sees" submarines below the surface, and enemy airplanes long before they are heard—bul aflcr Ihc war Iho be available to be plugged inlo now device ciV'HRths: II will can ' Columbus, O., June 23 —(/P)— A Sampling of views of southern IJEovornors, both on and off the (record, disclosed today thai while there is considerable dissalisfac- jtion below the Mason - Dixon lino ith certain New Deal policies this traditional Dcmocralis ^Stronghold will support the Dom- jj'pcralic lickol ncxl year fourth term or no. These state heads attending the nnual governors' conference made t plain, however, they would make ertain platform demands at the [944'national convention as "bar"' tiling points," and that the tith's big' block of voles would I bo cast for "sore spots" in rly affairs in their section, the vdrnors said. Bul they believed so could bo healed "within the rly framework." I'i'he concensus seemed to be thai ilc there would be opposition to p r e s i d c n t's renomination, tuld he 'run, (and few doubled I IIP would) they would go nig. Some fell a southerner on ticket as the vice presidential inec would help lo appease I. southern leaders in the belief It if elected, lie would sec thai r problems were given "more sked about reports of a "politi- revoll" taking place in the Gov. Broughton, of North _plina, said: |_' Jl yherc >- s no such revolt as has " hfc reported. There's a sharp dif- pco of opinion, but North Carwill support the national Dcralic lickol ncxl year, and folk that will bo true of Ihe |e south. There is some resent- but it will be cleared up the party. Anyone counting south breaking away is mis- the superficail for the real." —**»«»^Variety of Birds O. —(/I 3 )— Mr. and Mrs. McEhvain, who have a tur- northwcsl of here, are gring what will hatch out of a jjey'vo discovered- and who's H.O do the hatching? The nest, owed out place in the ground ^covered with grass and care- n, contains not only three £cggs; bul also eighl quail two pheasant eggs. >leon's Letters — l/l 1 )— Among papers for salvage in London po old letters which proved c'n written by Napoleon his retreat from Moscow. BW are in the B r i I i s h any prcsenl radio. * * * One of Iho grimmesl warnings of approaching inflation is the tightening up of the labor supp'y available for the unrom:ititi>: but necessary service lines found in all civilized countries. A nolo from Washington yesterday quoted the American Institute of Laundering and Iho Linen Supply Association of America, which claim to represent 7,000 laundries and 1,500 linen suppliers, as :;ay:ng that "the enlirc industry faces collapse within six months unless the government does something about its manpower, material and supply situation." It is unlikely thai the remedy is special aid for this particular industry, even if the government wore willing to grant it. The trouble goes much deeper. The nation is full of easy money. Prices arc rising despite alleged controls. Under these circumstances the unro- niantic ordinary tasks of civilian life lake a terrible beating for want of labor, drawn off lo other industries by inflationary dollars. Obviously matters can't go on long Hi is way without a reversal of public policy . . . for the trouble facing Ihe laundries is merely a herald of wide-spread trouble yet lo come unless Iho nation lighlcns up. Jap P atrol on New Guinea Is Routed by Allies —War in Pacific Allied Headquarters in Australia, June 23 (/P)— The jungle front line Iho Allies began establishing on Ihe approaches to Sala- maua, New Guinea, last February has proved itself against the strongest attack yet hurled al il by Ihc Japanese. Today's communique disclosed that Monday afternoon enemy patrols of considerable size struck at Australian ground fighters on Lababia Ridge at Mubo, 12 miles were "sharply repulsed with over 100 enemy casuallcis." the com- munique said, after which deadly fire was poured on them by Amcr- cian-manncd Boston attack planes as they began a bloody retreat. Twenty times the Bostons roared low over the withdrawing Japanese. Since the Allies wrested the Papuan peninsula from the Japanese last January, their jungle fighters have infiltrated northwest toward the Huon Gulf enemy bases of Salamaua and Lac but litllc progress has been reported since it was disclosed April 26 that the Allies commanded ridctops overlooking Japanese - held Mubo. Many strafing attacks in the area on enemy positions by Allied pianos have been made but ground fighting has been virtually at a staii '.still for many weeks. Today's communique also told of a raid by American Liberator bombers and Australian Bcaufight- ers on the Japanese floatplane base of taberfane on the Aroc islands, above Darwin. Some of Iho floal pianos allemplcd lo intercept the daylight raiders. One floatplane was reported shot down, four others damaged in 1 the air and two al their base moorings. Punishment for Instigators of Race Riot Detroit, Juno 23—(/P)— Plans for finding and punishing the invcsli- galors of the savage race riots of Monday and Monday ngiht that brought death to 29 persons and PAY-AS-YOU-GO TAX DEDUCTIONS] WEEKLY . o Q <> o EARNINGS ,$> >A« 4? >„. £L But J?<? £# <£•£' $& £$* FORMER At Less g& J ft .^O J<y -r<y VICTORY Least $0 10 15 20 25 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 HO 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 Than $10 15 20 25 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 * — $0.10 1.10 2.10 3.10 4.60 6160 8.60 10.60 12.60 14.60 16.60 18.60 20.60 22.60 24.60 26.60 28.60 30.60 32.60 34.60 36.60 ^F . $0.20 .30 .70 2.20 4.20 6.20 8.20 10.20 12.20 14.20 16.20 18.20 20.20 22.20 24.20 26.20 28.20 30.20 32.20 34.20 T^ ." • •'. $0.20 .30 - .50 1.00 3.00 5.00 7.00 9.00 11.00 13.00 15.00 17.00 19.00 2f.OO 23.00 25.00 27.00 29.00 31.00 33.00 ** .•..n— n« $0.20 .30 .50 .70 1.80 3.80 5.80 7.80 9.80 11.80 13.80 15.80 17.80 19.80 21.80 23.80 25.80 27.80 29.80 31.80 *<» - . $0.20 .30 .50 .70 1.00 2.60 4.60 6.60 8.60 10.60 12.60 14.60 16.60 18.60 20.60 22.60 24.60 26.60 28.60 30.60 TAX r--i. 1 $0.10 .30 .50 .70 1.10 1.60 2.10 2.60 3.10 3.60 4.10 4.60 5.10 5.60 6.10 6.60 7.10 7.60 8.10 8.60 9.10 $200 or over — 20 per cent of the excess over $200 plus $37.50 $35.20 $34.00 $32.80 $31.60 @ Supply Bases on Italian Boot Get Air Blasting —Africa These are the new pay-as-you-go tax- deductions to be taken from paychecks after July 1. Proportionate amounts will be deducted in the case of biweekly, semi-monthly, monthly or irregular payroll periods. Additional dependents for single or married persons would decrease amount of tax. Table* compares new deductions with Victory Tax taken out during'first half of 1943, but now included] in this tax. Employers may deduct an exact 20 per cent of em- j ploye's pay in excess of personal exemptions instead of follow- I ing this table, but any adjustments necessary will be made at end: of veai- when employe fills out his tax return. Edwin Jackson Enters U.S. Naval School Edwin Jackson, son of Mr. and Mrs. R. E. Jackson of Hope, has boon accepted by the U. S. Naval Academy al Annapolis, Md., it was announced today. The youth's appointment was through ox-Senator Lloyd Spencer. Ilc entered the academy this week. He received preparatory training at the Marion Mililary Institute of Alabama. injuries to hundreds of others were being made today by slate and local authorities. Meanwhile, Army troops numbering more than 3,1)00 maintained a modified form of j military ^control as they patrolled Detroit's Negro sect, io n s, still showing effects of bloody conflict. Governor Harry F. Kelly and Mayor Edward Jeffries announced they wore giving serious consideration to asking for a special grand jury. Promising punishment "commensurate with their crimes," the governor said: "The real incitcrs and assaulters are the ones we are after. They will be found by sorting out the more than 1,000 prisoners we have and by seeking them out in their hiding places if they are not among the prisoners." The governor announced at the same time ho had called Slate Attorney General Herbert J. Rushton from Lansing to aid in preparing for prosecutions. Governor Kelly also disclosed that John S. Bugas, chief of the Federal Bureau of Investigation here, is interviewing prisoners and aiding in the sorting out of the minor offenders from those against whom more serious charges will bo brought. The city was calm today after a night in which a few sporadic outbreaks occurred. Governor Kelly modified his stato-of - emergency proclamation to permit the playing of a double- Raids, French Guerillas Hit Nazi Transport By WADE WERNER Washington, June 23 — (/P)— The combination of Allied air raids and railway sabotage inside France has been immobilizing aboul 200 trains daily, according to information reaching Fighting French headquarters hero through persons escaping from Gorman - occupied Europe. Both the airmen who swoop across Ihc English channel and Ihe French guerrillas operating behind enemy lines concentrate on crippling transportation, a headquarters spokesman said today, particularly by putting railway locomotives out of commission. Many locomotives beyond range of the marauding fliers succumb lo Ihc boiler - wrecking tactics of the saboteurs or arc wrecked in do railments engineered by guerrillas. One of Iho most successful derailment jobs recently was carried out by guerrillas on the lino between Nevcrs and Chagny, in Central France. Fifty - Iwo Ger- Ration Calendar Ration Book No. 1 Coffee—Stamp No. 24, good for one pound, expires Juno 30. Sugar—Stamp No. 13, good for five pounds, expires August 15. For canning, Stamps 15 and 1(5 good for five pounds each. Shoes—Stamp No. 18 good for one pair through Oct. 31. Ration Book No. 2 Blue Stamps K, L and M for canned and processed vegetables and fruits, good through July 7. Rod Stamps J. K, L. M and N. for meats, fats, edible oils, cheeses, canned fish ond canned milk, expire Juno 30. Gasoline Stamps No. (3 of A-books good for four gallons each until July 22. header lodav between the Cleveland and Detroit American League baseball loams and the resumption of horse racing at the Michigan Stale Fair Grounds. Some 850 slale troops were assigned to the oall park. Still banned indefinitely was Ihc sale of alcoholic bov- 1 erages. Motion picture theaters i musl close at 9:15 p.m. and curfew regulations between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. (EWT> remained in effect. A quick survey of the major war production plants loday showed thousands of workers who absented themselves yesterday had returned to work. Some plants re- porled absenteeism at only about normal while others said working forces were "rapidly returning lo normal." Lalcsl victim of Monday's outbreak lo succumb to wounds was Mrs. Sally Grabowski. 58 year old white woman, shot in the head Monday night while walking near her home on the east side. She died in a hospital last night. mans wore killed and IfiO injured in this wreck and traffic was blocked several days. Another derailment on the same line, the reports said, upset a troop train moving .soldiers to the Russian front. The guerrillas also have boon active in the wrecking of power nlanls, water works and factories. From March 15 to April 15, the reports said, there were no fewer than 122 acts of sabotage in Savoy, chcl'ly in power plants. The reports also mentioned a shut-down of the Gnome El, Rhone iivialittn engine plant at Limoges May 2!! because of destruction of the central transformers. Rubber- reclaiming factories in the same area were out of production six months b c c a u s o of wrecked boilers. New reprisals against French men regarded as agents of Germany also were listed in the reports. Theso included the slabbing to death of the secretary - general of the Vienne department of Jacques Doriol's Fascist Part 1 Populaire Francais, identified as I Dr. Michel Guerin; the fatal shooting of Mayor Din of Picrrcfittc, near Paris, and the assassination of two French judges who had condemned Frenchmen to death for sabotage. Both these judges, the reports siad, were previously notified by letter that they would be killed for treason. Germans Still Guessing on Invasion Plans London, June 23 — (/P)— The Gor mans, still playing an invasion 'guessing 'game, were represented by Ihe Berlin radio loday as picking Ilaly as Ihe mosl likely Allied landing spot but there were indications they cxpocld their junior partner to moot Iho inilial allack wilh lillle aid from the Nazi war machine. A Berlin broadcast recorded by the minislry of informaiion promised help "in case of a decisive bailie on Ilalian soil," implying t,hat until then Mussolini's legions should shoulder Ihe greater part of the weight. There were some reports on the other hand thai the Nazis already wore rushing troops and pianos to the Calabrian coasllinc, Ihe seclion of Iho Ilalian mainland nearest to the present Allied bases, but there was no confirmation. The Berlin broadcast hinted Mussolini has called home his troops thai have boon policing occupied territory in Europe. "During the war only part of the Italians' arms have been reserved for the defense of Italy, "the report said, "but now all armed Ilal- ian forces arc defending their mother country." Erich Schncydcr, cdilor-in - chief of Transocoan News Agency, said flatly in a Berlin broadcast hoard yesterday by the Associated PI-JSS thai "Italy is expecting invasion." All signs point to landings there, he declared, but added "of course the other Mediterranean coasts, especially the Balkans, must bo watched, too." There have been frequent reports of late that the By NOLAND NORGAARD Allied Headquarters in North Africa, June 23 —M')— Swooping in with heavy bomb loads less than 12 hours after American bombers had jolted the same targets by daylight, Wellingtons of the RAF smashed al Salerno Monday nighl in a continuation of Allied efforts to knock out Ihe underpinnings of Mussolini's supply syslem for Southern Ilaly and Sicily. Two-ton blockbusters were planted squarely in the freight yards and near barracks at Salerno, 30 miles southoasl of Naples, and huge fires broke oul, Allied headquarters said. Salerno is a key point on the main cleclric railway running southward from Naples to the Italian too. The American raid already had caused exlensive damage to Ihe many railway sidings, repair deports and approaches to the yards there, and reconnaissance rcporls showed railway traffic already had been interrupled for 24 hours by Ihe smashing of roundhouses, lurnlables and olher i'n- slallalions al other points along the line. The Wellingtons encounlered only light anticrafl fire as they swepl in over their largels, and no enemy fighters, so all the raiders returned safely lo their bases. The only other aerial activily oi Ihe Northwest African Air Forces yesterday was patrolling and reconnaissance, the bulk of the hundreds of bombers and fighters being inactive. But a medium-hized enemy vessel, caught towing half a dozen barges 30 miles off the southwest coast of Sardinia the previous Short Wave Sets Barred at Jap Camp Jerome. June 23 — (/P) — Short- wave radio sets will be barred lo all residents of Ihe Japanese Relocation Center here effective July 1, Projccl Director Paul A. Taylor announced loday. Sols arc to be turned in lo the Internal Sccurily Office and persons having shorl-wavc sets in their possession after the firsl of July will bo reporled lo Ihc Federal Bureau of Invcsligalion, Taylor said. Possession and use of short wave radio is already prohibited alien residents in the center, the director explained. The now order is directed to evacuees who are American citizens, Taylor said. Red Bombers Hammer at Nazi Airdromes night, was sunk by RAF Beaufight- ers which swept Ihrough a barrage by an escorling deslroyer and tug. The Bcaufightcrs scored two direct hils and Ihc ship blew up. The Allied airmen Ihen attacked the barges and destroyer, but the re- sulsl were nol observed. One Allied plane was lost in all yesterday's operations, which included forays by Malta intruders over Sicily and Southern Italy last night when railway stalions and a faclory were allacked wilh bombs and machine-guns. A supplement to a Malta com- munique said Malta-based plywood London, .Tun? 23 (/F)— Russian )ombcrs hammered again at Nazi airdromes behind the lines last night but the only ground activily reporled today By the midday Russian communique consisted of scouling and artillery bombardments. About 20 German planes were destroyed on the ground when Red Army airmen struck behind the enemy's defenses on the Leningrad front, and three enemy planes were downed in air combat near Roslov, said Ihe bullelin, recorded by Ihe Associated Press from Moscow broadcasts. Yesterday the Russians said Iheir airmen bombed supply de- pols and airdromes at several points along Ihe front and shot 17 enemy planes from formations at- lempling lo allaclc Ihe Leningrad sector. The Russian bulletin ad- mitled the loss of nine Russian fighters during the aerial combals The Germans said in a Berlin broadcasl lhal they downed 29 Soviet planes, yesterday as their air force raided objectives near Volk- hov and in the southern sector. The Russian midday communi- que said German fortifications were destroyed by heavy Soviet guns in the Smolensk sector of Ihe weslern front, in the Sevsk region of the Orel hinge and in the Lisi- chansk region of the Donels river front German reconnaissance patrols were beaten off west of Rostov on Ihe Don and again when Ihey Iried to cross the river near Lisichansk, Ihe Russians said. They reported scouling aclivity by their unit near Sevsk and on the Leningrad front. The Russians reported a renewal Third Strike Halted by Order of John L. Lewis Pittsburgh, Juno 23 (/P) Ending their third work stoppage in. i seven weeks, members of the United Mine Workers began returning to slell company-owned coal pits in Pennsylvania and West Virginia today as union officials relayed word to the men of the truce announced by their policy committee at Washington. The back-to - work trek was a mere trickle on the morning shifts, but an increasing number was expected lo report on afternoon and night shifts. Operators and union representatives in the Pittsburgh area looked for a general resumption of work tomorrow. The U. S. Steel Corporation estimated its Pennsylvania and West Virginia mines would produce ? J' 7,000 tons of coal today, a fraction of normal capacity. A spokesman estimaled 16 percent of the coal diggers were back al work at corporation - operated mines in West Virginia and eight per cent at Pennsylvania mnies. • Prospects the coal supply would soon be replenished caused steel officials lo call off plans for further curtailment of operations. U. S. Steel, which was hit hardest, an- , nounced it closed only five of its 37 Pitlsburgh area blast furnaces and 13 more shutdowns scheduled by tomorrow night now will not be necessary. John Komolo, UMW organizer in the Uniontown, Pa., area, said he was notfiied by dislrict 4 officials that the miners should return to work immediately. Remarking that he was "pulling through these' orders right and left," Komolo pro- , dieted sizeable turnouts at after; , ^ noon and night shifls iodayv: .He *'; said some union locals held-meet-''' * ings lo vole on Ihe mailer, but ollv- ers did not, depending on the wishes of the locals. ^ Some union leaders commented the miners were not anxious to return without a contract. Mosquito bombers also harassed Sicilian airfields and railways last nighl, especially at Sibari, Licata and Trebisaccc. Demands Draft Officials Lay Cards on Table Washington, June 23 —(/P)— A demand that solcclvie service of fi- cials "lay the cards on the lable" with respect to plans for drafting fathers was voiced loday by Chairman May (D-Ky.) of Ihc House Mililary commillcc. "The nation's fathers arc in stale of uncertainty about their draft NalTare' =e^aUng Trench X ,±^±^1 '^ ±5 of scattered attacks by Polish patriots against German occupation authorities in which they said an ammunition dump was blown up at Paznanye and a German troop train was wrecked near Katowice. The patriots were reported to have struck boldly in the former Polish capital of Warsaw, killing or wounding "many Germans" when they mined a military bath house, and killing nine Nazi officers in another attack. Rickenbacker in Moscow on War Mission in those latter sectors. As for the Soviet front, Capl. Kurt Jcserich declared in another Gorman broadcast the Nazis arc "continually" increasing their strength for "a new action" against the Russians although "it is not known" when that will take place. The Berlin correspondent of the Stockholm newspaper social Dc- mokraton meanwhile quoted the Nazi-dominated Bruesscler Zcitung as calling for frank discussion of the "bad situation" because "never before has the enemy boon in a more threatening position." Sanitation Dept.: Long Distance Knoxville, Tenn.—i/P)—The Knoxville housewife — who has been forced to wait more than Iwo weeks j for Ihc return of her laundry .;nd ! then iron sonic of il he''.sell'-- thought she had troubles until: j A Detroit man. 544 miles : mailed his soiled clothing to i Knoxville laundry, explaining in a ! letter that Detroit firms no longer ! took on new customers. He got his j laundry back, finished, pronto. i ~ i Quebec is the only walled city in j Norlh America. Moscow, June 23 — Wj Eddie Rickenbacker has — Capl. been in Telephone Rates to Be Revised Lillle Rock, June 23 —i^'i— The Ulilities Commission today allowed Southwestern Bell Telephone company until Aug. 17 to file revised rale schedules lo effecl reduction of intraslale toll charges amounting to approximately $42,000 annually. The commission announced that if the Office of Price Administration did not object lo the now rales Ihey would become effeclivc on thai dale. Under the proposed change some charges will be lowered and a few will be raised slightly. There will be no change in local exchange rales. The company agreed to the reduction yesterday. where some officers in Washington says they will bo drafted in three months, and later on another official comes oul and says we may not take fathers until next year or maybe not at all. "It seems to me thai Iho fathers should bo relieved of the uncertainly they arc naturally placed in. If we arc going to take them, let's toll them so and lei them got their affairs in shape. If we arc nol going lo lake them, or won't need them for some time, we oughl lo tell them that, too." Olher committee members .joined with May in asserting they had been unable to learn anything definite aboul plans for drafting men with children and said they believed the situation should be cleared up. They will seek enlighteniT'Oiit, May said, from Manpower Commissioner Paul V. McNutt and Selective Service Director Lewis B. Hershey. Whether the information they obtain will be made public in detail, however, May said he could nol say. A similar call for an "end to the confusion" was expresspd by Senator Wheeler (D-Monl.) yesterday as he renewed a drive for consideration of his bill to bar Ihe induction of pre-Pearl Harbor fathers before next Jan. 1. "There is not a man in the United States between 18 and 45 years of age," Wheeler said, "who can j tell from day to day where he i Moscow since Sunday on a mission as Ihe representative of Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson, it was disclosed today. Rickenbacker arrived at 1 p.m. Sunday in a four - engincd Liberator. The news of Rickcnbacker's presence in Moscow was made public to Ihoso present yesterday at u Kremlin ceremony where United Slales Ambassador William H. Slandley presented .60 American military awards to Russian soldiers and sailors. His visit to Russia is a continuation of his tour of world battlefronts. It was assumed thai he will see various high - ranking military people and officials, possible Premier Jsoeph Stalin himself. The flier was accompanied by his personal physician, Dr. Alexander Dahl, and Iwo representatives of the War Department. Col- By JOSEPH A. LOFTUS Washington, June 23 — (/P) — The United Mine Workers decision to dig coal for the government until Oct. 31 ended the nation's third general wartime mine strike today, but operators and others protested the main issue was merely postponed, not sellled. The back-to-work order of UMW President John L. Lewis and his policy committee was conditional, and a prolonged fight was foreshadowed. Besides fixing a now albeit more dislanl deadline, Lewis lolcl Iho government in effect if it wanted coal it could not restore di- rcclion of the mines lo their owners. His statement, also carried a broad indication that Iho miners would resort lo Ihe courts to obtain Ihe pay for underground Iravel time which they failed lo gel from Iho War Labor Board (WLB). A statement issued in behalf of the Appalachian operators declared the aclion of Ihe UMW ppolicy com- miltce "is in direcl violation of the War Labor Board's (WB) directive of Juno 18. "If the president" said the operators, referring to Mr. Roosevelt "permits the mines lo bo op- (Conlinued on Page Two) Buyers Asked to Spread Food Stamps Washington, Juno 23 (.'Pi The office of Price Anninistration (OPA) today asked housewives ot 'spread out" the use of their K, L, M, and N red stamps, which expire next Wednesday, lo avoid a lasl minute rush al retail stores. Pointing out lhal there is nothing lo bo gained in waiting until the last few days to use these red stamps. OPA saFd housewives shopping well ahead of the expiration deadline will find stores loss crowded and a greater variety of meats, fats, oils and cheeses in the counters. Validity dates of red stamps to be used during July nounced soon. Blue stamps K, L, be an- and M used onel William Nickols and Maj. A. j for the purchase of canned and B. Sherry. The plane was piloted | processed foods expire July 7. Vaby Capt. W. F. Richmond and the crew included Co-pilot Lieut. H. H. Cargle and Navigator W. B. Hicks. The party was greeted at the airport by Ambassador Standley. Brig. Gen. Joseph A. Micheal. American military attache, and olhers of Ihe embassy staff, as well as high-ranking Russian officers. «*»»4»— Since 1772, Henderson. N. C.. has been a lobacco market town. lidity dales of the next series of blue stamps also will be announced soon. Pay Increase The body of one housefly was stands." I found to cont'iin 0,000,000 bacteria. ' Labor panel. Washington. June 23 — i/T<— Fred M. Vinson, director of economic stabilization, today set. aside the award of an eight-cent hourly wage- increase recently granted to 1,100.000 non-operating raiK-ond em- ployes by a three-man emergency board of the National Railway

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