Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on September 22, 1949 · Page 1
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, September 22, 1949
Page 1
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" VOL. LV Associated Press and United Pr«:>s Full Lease Wires (Five Cents a Copy) MASON CITY, IOWA, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1949 This Paper Consists ol Two Sections—Section On» HOME EDITION UUllf ._C.MI«~ r,,,. NO. 307 re- AP Wirephoto WAR ORPHAN LEARNS TO SMILE—Twelve-year-old Barbara Nikoli flashes her "made in America" smile as she eats her favorite food in a Chinatown restaurant in New York. Barbara landed in the United States 4 months ago from her nativg Greece, an almost blind and half- starved war orphan, Since then she has spent most of her tim« at Babies' hospital, undergoing 2 operations to repair the damage shrapnel did to her eyes and face in 1944. Her foster parent in this country is Tallulah Bankhead. Gillette Says Farmers Not to Blame for High Food Cost Washington, (AP) — Senator Gillette (D-I6wa) said Thursday farmers are being-blamed unjustly for high food prices which actually result from distribution and processing costs that are "obviously out of line." • Gillette opened a senate agriculture subcommittee's hearing into the spread between prices farmers receive and those consumers pay. The housewife, Gillette said, judges the cost of foods by the retail price, and "if the spread maintained in processing or distribution is exorbitant the farmer gets the blame." Farmers are now making far less than peak postwar prices, he added, while their operating costs Republicans Gather for Farm Parley Sioux City, (/P)—Midwestern republicans were called upon Thursday to help lift their party out of the financial "red" in preparation for next year's vital'con- gressional campaigns. Party leaders gathering here for a 2-day national''farm conference opening Friday sat down at a closed confCEence to may plans for a fund-raising drive. Fourteen midwestern. and Rocky mountain states participating in the farm session were told they had a combined quota of $136,000 to meet expenses of the republican national committee for 1949. Here to stress need for changing a party deficit into a surplus was the new national chairman, Guy G. Gabrielson. Presiding at the funds conference was Joseph S. Wisehart of Lincoln, Nebr., regional vice chairman of the party's national finance committee. Meanwhile, farm leaders from the midwest as well as republican members of congressional agriculture committees, gathered to get what they described as a "grass root" opinion of the type, of national farm program ifarmers themselves want. Large Cut in Arms Bill Is Threatened But Lucas Thinks Economy Bloc Senate Can Be Defeated Washington, (fP) —Senate leaders showed concern Thursday at a fast-gaining economy drive which threatened to make a $500,000,000 cut in the foreign arms program. Democratic Leader Lucas oE Illinois conceded the vote would be close on amendments by Senator George (D.-Ga.) to slice in half the $1,000,000,000 earmarked in the program for North Atlantic pact nations. "But I think we have the votes to beat them," Lucas told porters. By agreement, the senate was to begin voting at 4 p. m., CST, on the $1,314,010,000 plan to re-arn- friendly nations in the figh against communism. Avoids Forecast Chairman Connally (D.-Tex.) cautiously avoided predictions o defeat for the George amendments. He was obviously not a confident as he had been earlier ii the week when he opened the debate on the bill. Critics hammered hard at the spending program Wednesday. George and Senator Byrd (D-Va.) led the assault with other senators joining in during the day. The George-Byrd attack centered on government spending which they said threatens to undermine the strength of the United States. If the United States is weakened, they argued, then all hope for peace will be lost. Too Big George favors an arms program —but thinks the present plan is too big. Byrd is opposed to any arms program. Senator Gillette (D-I o w a) joined the opposition Thursday by declaring the arms program will commit this country for years "to a policy of militarism and force." Gillette said in a statement: "It is a down-payment on a policy limitless in the sums which it can consume and in the length of its duration. We are not voting the question of a billion or 2 billion-—the dimensions of the military assistance program are infinity and eternity." Workers Agree to Delay Steel Strike OSCAR FETTERS Says He Was Engaged to Mrs. Sailor Coal Talks End Until Next Week Lewis Rejects Demand to Send Miners to Jobs Navy Insists on Appearance of Air Secretary Washington, (/P)—A special navy court insisted Thursday that Air Secretary Symington appear in person to answer questions connected with the B-36 bomber investigation. The tug of war between the air force and the navy developed after Wood read to the court a memorandum from Symington saying he willing to supply answers to questions submitted to him by the court in writing. The court, investigating the background of the once-anonymous document which touched off congressional hearings on the B- 36 program, requested Wednesday that Symington appear Thursday as a witness: -• . In his memorandum, Symington -said he learned of the request Wednesday just as he was leaving for New'York to attend a dinner of the American Ordnance association. He said he cancelled plans to remain in New York through Thursday, and returned early Thursday morning in order to receive any questions the court might want to submit. Rake Man Dies of Scaffold Injuries Ed Knutson, 56, Rake, died at Park hospital Wednesday evening from injuries which he suffered in • fall from a scaffold at Rake Tuesday. He had, suffered a gkull fracture in the fall and was Brought to the hospita^ several hours atcr. have advanced to new heights. Gillette quoted Federal Reserve Chairman Thomas B. McCabe, as saying that a recent 20 per cent drop in commodity prices had caused only a 10 per cent drop in wholesale prices and a 3 per cent drop in retail prices. Unhealthy Sign. "This lag in the price of products at retail is*not a healthy sign and means either that processors and distributors are inefficient in their operations or are exacting an inordinate profit for their services," Gillette said. ft ln either case the situation .should be remedied." He cited 2 examples called to .'his attention by an Iowa egg dealer and an Illinois dairy farm own*- er. i The egg dealer, he said, furnished figures which indicated it costs 36 cents a dozen to get eggs from the farm to the consumer's table. "If the farmer gave his eggs for nothing to the egg buyer in the middle west," Gillette said, "it would still cost 36 'cents a dozen, under this system, to get them to the customer." 8 Cents a Quart The dairy farmer declared that he sells milk at about 8 cents a quart while the retail price in Chicago is 21i cents delivered, and added: "Considering the fact that all that is done to the milk is to have it pasteurized and bottled this spread is entirely too much. "I am advised that drivers of wagons distributing milk to the stores in Chicago get as high as $10,000 a year. I also suspect that there are a lot of very high executive salaries. It would seem to me that this whole picture should be investigated, and I think Chicago would be a good place to start." Washington, (/P)—Oscar Fetters, 63, defendant in a 35-year-old murder case, testified Thursday that he once was engaged to marry the girl whose father he is accused of killing. The indictment charging Fetters vith the fatal shooting of Hugh Dougall, Sr., on Sept. 9, 1914, lay ormant for 34 years while he was onfined to the. criminal insane vard of the Anamosa reformatory, t was revived when a judge held arly this year that Betters now s "mentally restored." Fetters, on the witness stand, ontradicted the testimony of Mrs. >arah Dougall Sailor, 59, who Wednesday told the jury that she never had considered herself en- faged to Fetters. "We were engaged before I re- urned to Arizona," Fetters testified in giving' his version of his 30-day courtship of the then Miss Sarah Dougall in April of 1913. Fetters is accused of bursting .nto the Dougall home and firing a revolver after Sarah Dougall had spurned his attentions. Earlier Fetters had reviewed his youth. He testified at length about a skin disorder which he said created a nervous condition which caused him to shun people. Legislators Give Up Hope on Labor Law Washington, (/P)—House leaders appear to have written off chances for getting a new labor law through congress—not only for this year, but for 1950 as well. Chairman Lesihski (D.-Mich.) of :he house labor committee said Thursday his committee will take no further action on Taft-Hartley repeal—now, or at the next session starting in January. "Unless the attitude of the house changes,,-we don't intend to try to report out another labor bill," Lesinski told reporters. And with the 1950 election campaign already warming up, Lesinski said he doesn't look for any immediate change in attitude. Early in the session, the house rejected the administration's labor bill and sent a substitute measure back to committee, leaving it with no labor legislation pending. Weather 'Report FORECAST Mason City: Sunny Friday. Low Thursday night about 42. High Friday 68 to 70. owa: Partly cloudy Thursday night. Friday mostly fair. No important change in temperature. Low Thursday 40 to 46. Monopoly Suit Filed Ag'ainst Ohio Paper Washington, (/P)—The government Thursday filed a civil action charging the Lorain (Ohio) Journal Co. and 4 of its officers with conspiracy to monopolize the spread of news, advertising and Sam Wood, Film Director, Dead Hollywood, (/P)—Sam Wood, 66. one of the movies' best-known directors, died Thursday of a heart attack. His death was the 3rd among movie notables in less than a week. Comedian Frank Morgan arid Actor Richard Dix were the others. Wood directed Morgan recently in "The Stratton Story.' Wood's studio disclosed that he lived less than 2 hours after an early morning heart attack. He succumbed in a hospital. RATH ELECTED New York, (/P) —R. A. Rath o the Rath Packing company in Wa terloo, Wednesday was elected a vice chairman of the board oL di rectorn of the American Meat In slilutc. linnesota: Clearing, windy and cooler Thursday night. Friday partly cloudy and quite cool. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statis- ices for 24 hours ending at 8 a. m. Thursday: Maximum 68 Minimum 44 At 8 a. m. 52 Precipitation none YEAR AGO: Maximum 65 Minimum 53 other information. Attorney General McGrath announced that the suit was filed in federal district court at Cleveland. He said it. is the first case in which a* newspaper has been charged with conspiring to injure a competing radio station. The suti names as defendants, in addition to the company, these officers: Samuel A. Horvitz of Cleveland, vice president, secretary and director of the Lorain Journal Co.; Isadore Horvitz of Cleveland, president, treasurer and director; D. P. Self of Lorain, business manager of the Journal; Frank Malloy of Lorain, editor. A justice department statement said the company and its officers are charged with trying to acquire ownership of their competitors and refusing to publish in the Journal advertisments of business houses who advertise over radio stations in Lorain and Elyria, Ohio, or who advertise in the Lorain Sundays News, , a newspaper published every Sunday. They are accused also, .the department said, of inducing publishers of the Elyria Chronicle- Telegram not to circulate their newspaper in Lorain. The 2 cities are adjacent. In a civil action of this kind, the government seeks a court order to stop the practices complained of. No penalties are involved. Violation of an order, once it is issued, can result in contempt action, punishable ' by fine or jail sentence. White Sulphur Springs, W. Va., (U.R)—John L. Lewis Thursday angrily rejected an operator demand that he send striking coal miners back to work, and wage- hour negotiations were broken off until next week. Northern and western coal operators, meeting here with Lewis, asked the United Mine Workers' boss to send his 480,000 hard and soft coal miners back to work immediately. They said Lewis answered them with a flat "no." No Wage Hike The operators also told Lewis they will pay no wage increase to the miners this year. They said they cannot afford to do so raising the price of coal. tieorge H. Love, chief spokesman for the coal mine ownei'S, told newsmen that "absolutely no progress was made" in the bargaining conference. He said there would be no more negotiations until next Thursday. Lewis refused to talk to reporters after the conference but promised a statement at 3:30 p. m. CST. Offer Extension Love said the coal operators had offered once again to grant an extension of the old coal contract until March 31, 1951. He said the only change in the contract the operators want to make would prevent Lewis from calling stabilization or - memorial strikes for limiting coal production in any way. There have been several stabilization and memorial strikes so far this year. And for more than 2 months the soft coal miners, on direct orders from Lewis, have been working only 3 days a week. The miners did not report for work Monday, presumably because pension and welfare payments have*been stopped by the trustees of the union's multi-million dollar welfare fund. Lewis, as one of the trustees, led the a"c- tion to halt pension payments from the fund after certain southern coal operators stopped contributing to benefit payments in the absence of a new coal contract. AP Wirephoto HANDS ON!—Henry Blackerby, 23, Louisville, grits his teeth and strains against officers' hands in criminal court in Louisville. Judge Loraine Mix said Blackerby was the first handcul'fed prisoner tried during the judge's 16 years on the bench. Earlier Blackerby tried to break away from officers taking him into court-from a conference room. A jury convicted him of breaking into an automobile company and taking some auto gadgets. The jury recommended 2 years' imprisonment. \ ' Blackmer Is Expected to Return to Denver Sunday Denver, (AP)—This'mountain'city's fabulous "Child of the Gods"—80 year old Henry M. Blackmer—is expected home Sunday. After 25 years oi luxurious self-imposed exile in Europe, he returns to face six, federal charges of income tax evasion. . The multi-millionaire oil tycoon planed into Boston Wednesday on a trans-Atlantic airliner. After clearing customs, he was whisked away in an automobile. Denver friends said he would fly to Chicago and board a train for Denver, arriving Sunday. He is ac- cpmpanied by his 2nd wife, Eide Norena, Norwegian so- Union, 2 Firms Will Meet Friday Wildcat Walkouts Shut Down Pair of Pittsburgh Plants Pittsburgh, (£>)—The CIO United Steel workers Thursday put off for another week their nationwide steel strike set for Saturday midnight and asked the giant United States Steel Corporation to resume contract talks Friday morning. The union's policy committee joined industry in agreeing to ac- sept President Truman's request for (1) Extension .of the strike truce until 12:01 a. m., Saturday 1 , Oct. 1 and (2) quick resumption of bargaining. Within an hour, the steelworkers proposed to renew contract :alks at 9:30 a. m. Friday. Both J. S. Steel and Republic agreed to ;he meeting. Refused to Return Murray had refused to go back to the conference table until industry accepted the peace formula of Mr. Truman's fact finders. ; The action came as wildcat walkouts shut down 2 Pittsburgh steel plants and idled 2400 workers. Pickets carried signs demanding "strike—no more extension," and "strike—free pensions." Murray and the industry deadlocked on acceptance of a presidential board's peace recommendations that the steelworkers get company financed insurance and pensions. The union accepted. Industry objected to footing the bill and refused to be bound by the report without bargaining. They've been feuding since. .'..-..Contact Companies' *" Murray announced the union wage policy committee, approval of the extension.- He said: "The only thing I have to add is that we are contacting the various companies and we hope to .meet with the (U. S..Steel) corporation Friday." Murray sent a telegram to President Truman, notifying him of the action taken. The 24 hour session of the wage policy committee broke up with -the 170 •_*- See Russian Hand in China New York, (/P)—China called ort the United Nations Assembly Thursday to act quickly to prevent communism from engulfing China and the entire far east. For the first time, China also charged that Russia was directing the Chinese communists. . China's chief delegate, Doctor T. F. Tsiang, told the 59 national delegations that the north Atlantic past had halted the flow of communism across Europe, but there was no such barrier in the east. "The Chinese communist party," he said, "is an integral f>art of the international communist movement. It is as fanatical as communists elsewhere. Its propaganda is always in tune with Moscow propaganda. Its action is always in step with Moscow's action.' and"! by .rpr NEW POLIO PATIENT Iowa City—Virgil Crawford, 3J-, Hampton, has been admitted to University hospitals for polio treatment. Tsiang spoke less than 24 hours after the Chinese communists proclaimed at Peiping the establishment of a communist peoples republic of China. prano. It was understood^ the oil tycoon was taken to a Boston hospital for a physical checkup but his whereabouts were being kept a secret. In New York, a friend of Blackmer said the hospital stay would not delay his appearance in Denver. Blackmer's sudden return kindled the memories of the Harding administration's Teapot Dome scandal. Two of Blackmer's. oil associates, Edward L. Doheny and Harry Sinclair, were involved. Slipped Away Blackmer slipped away to Europe in 1924 rather than testify at a congressional inquiry into the Continental Trading company. He was a director. It was disclosed in a Cheyenne, Wyo., court that the company made $2,000,000 through a paper transaction by purchasing oil from one company and selling it to another. The profits were used to purchase Liberty bonds. Government detectives said some of the bonds were traced to Albert Fall, secretary of the interior in the Harding administration. criminal charges of perjury income tax evasion returned a federal grand jury in Denver in 1928. He is expected to*appear in federal court next Monday or Tuesday to enter a plea. cheer Murray. Teiis of Threats by Rath Strikers Waterloo, (/P) — Some threats made by strikers at -the Rath Packing company Quring the packing plant strike in May, 1948, were reviewed here Wednesday at the conspiracy trial of Russell Edsill. Robert Bedard, foreman at the plant, told the court he had gone to the house of another employe to take him to work when a car with 5 men in it drove up beside his. Bedard identified 3 "of the men "as Russell Edsill; his brother, Ray, and Isadore Patterson, all rn-rlefcndaiiUs in the conspir- Ford Talks Move Toward Settlement Detroit, (U.R)—The Ford Motor company and CIO United Auto Workers Thursday'led the way in 4th-round wage negotiations. The UAW and Ford were re- _ , ~ , i . *****..*•- -.l-.-.. v **XAMl« IrO All \,t.i\~ ^.X/llO Wll. ~* ported moving closer toward, _=(*- acy cases and all union of f icers> URGE HONEY SUPPORT Washington, (/P)—Senator Gillette (D.-Iowa) was one of 5 senators who proposed Wednesday to add price support for honey to the pending farm program bill. Discuss Recognition of Reds in China Washington, (/P)—The 'formation of a communist government in China brought a bit closer Thursday the time when the United States must decide whether to recognize such a regime. At the moment, however, American officials say that the issue of recognition is not raised by the announcement of the new government made in Poiping Wednesday by Communist Leader Mao Tze- Tung. What is expected is that when the communists have completed their government's organization they will make a bid to establish formal diplomatic relations and Russia or one of its satellite countries will be the first to accept and agree to open embassies at the communist capital. The recognition issue is understood to have been discussed here last week by Secretary of Stafe Acheson, British Foreign Minister Bevin and French Foreign Minister Schuman during their review oC the whole Far Eastern situation. They agreed then that they would discuss the possibility of taking parallel actions when the Chinese communists assert their claim to be recognized. They agreed further not to act hastily in the matter. Acheson is thus committed to consult with the other western powers before making any decision He has also promised the senate foreign relations committee that he will consult with congressional leaders before a policy decision is made. Basic American policy on recognition makes 3 requirements o£ a government seeking formal relations with the United States. It must be a regular operating government, must have effective control of its territory and must agree to assume its country's international obligations. Among the best informed diplomats here the belief is that unless the communists raise extraordinary obstacles—as they might do, for example, by mistreatment of foreigners or by denying China's past obligations — the western powers eventually will recognize the red regime. Fall was convicted of accepting a bribe of $100,000 from Doheny in the leasing of the Elk Hills naval oil reserve, part of the Teapot Dome field. He was sentenced Nov. 1, 1929 to a year in prison and fined $100,000. Before his exile, Blackmer became known as the "Child of the Gods" for his incredible financial success. A former business associate in Denver once said: "Blackmer could make a million- dollars on a desert island." Without Country In 1927 he became a "man without a country." The U. S. government revoked his passport after several futile attempts to extradite Blackmer from France. That restricted his travels to France. But during World war II he managed to reach Geneva, Switzerland where he lived on an estate. He returned to Paris in 1947. • Blackmer's tax troubles mirror his vast wealth. In 1932, while in exile, he paid the treasury department $3,670,784 in income taxes allegedly unreported. That action settled a civil suit for back taxes in the years 1920 through 1923. Also in 1932, he paid $60,000 fines on 2 contempt of court charges for refusing to answer subpoenas. on file against him are tlement with every day of 'bargaining, while John L. Lewis' coal miners were bn an unofficial strike and steel talks hinged on extension of the Saturday strike deadline. .It was learned reliably at Washington that Cyrus Ching, chief of the federal mediation service, had suggested a Ford pension offer as basis for talks in the steel dispute. Steel company reaction was mixed. Observers pointed out that the 6-day extension cf the CiO United Steelworkers walkout truce moved the strike deadline one day beyond the strike date set by UAW President Walter P. Reuther. Although a UAW spokesman said Reuther was holding out for more than the 10-cent "welfare" package for his 115,000 Ford workers, settlement was considered probable before a scheduled strike one week from Thursday. The spokesman said that under the steel formula Ford workers would not get the $100-a-month retirement demand by Reuther as a price for peace in the auto industry. The witness testified that Ray Edsill told hirrf||ie couldn't recruit men to \vcrk at the Rath plant and Patterson said if he continued to do so Bedard would have the "hell beat out of him." Says Iowa Streams Free of Pollution DCS Moincs, (/P)—The director of public health engineering of the state health department said Wednesday that Iowa's streams now are "fairly free from pollution." Paul Houser said that although there. still are some pollution problems, recent amendments to the 1924 stream pollution law have made it an effective measure. Houser spoke at a meeting of the Iowa Sewage Works association which will end its sessions Thursday. Boy Struck by Truck, Killed Newton, (/P)— Jerry McCombs, 6, was injured fatally Wednesday night beneath the wheels of a ?ravel truck as he was crossing highway 6 to join his father. Jerry was clutching a pint milk bottle as he started across .the highway In the east part of Newton to reach his father who was at a filling station. Assistant Police Chief N. C. Shaver said Donald L: Danks, of Newton, driver of the truck, told police he was facing the sun and did not know he had struck anything until he saw glass from the broken milk bottle fly. Danks said he saw the boy lying in the street when he looked in his rear view mirror. 1948—37« ^ (BUck fl»i mean* tr«m§ 4c*U U Mil SA h*iri)

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