Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on June 22, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Tuesday, June 22, 1943
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V. "•"''• <'" ' '- »|| The By/me of JJW# % " " Dependability Star The Weather Arkansas: Little temperature change tonight; widely scattered thundershowers this afternoon and early tonight. 'VOLUME 44—NUMBER 213 Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, JUNE 22, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY O O No Change in Coal Dispute •^^^^ — • Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN Definition of a Co-operative ' J • The pending government suit against. the Associated Press is of interest not only because it involves the freedom of American newspapers but because of the light it sheds on the nature of a co-operative enterprise. -® The Crisis Averted; < French Generals Keep Commands ^- Algiers, June 22—(/I 1 )—Surmounting the greatest crisis in its short history, the French Committee of National Liberators agreed today for Generals Henri Giraud and Charles de Gaulle lo remain in O command of their respective armed forces while appointing a subcommittee which ultimately might unify all French forces. A subcommittee of eight members, including dc Gaulle and Gi$H raud, is to be charged with the responsibility of eventually merging the two forces, it was said. The plan asswcrcd the stipulation disclosed lo have been made by the United States and Great f. Britain that Gen. Giraud rc- <-> Bjrilain that Gen. Giraud ire- main as t hseupreme authority over the French military establishment in North Africa, a vital base for Allied operations. The committee, which took ncar- C ! ly three hours to reach its dc- cihion this afternoon, now is expected to divert its attention to less controversial issues. It is to meet again Friday. De Gaulle ai,id Oiraud wcjre 0 ^reported to -"hnvsj - shaken • hands heartily after the committee's agreement. Associated Press is a co- ,o Ministers Seek More Gas, Ask Probe of OPA O Little Rock, June 22— (I?)— A Baptist missionary's inability to obtain as much gasoline as he desired was the basis today for a new row between state and federal officials. The missionary, J. T. Summers of Tyronza, was refused an application by the Poinsett county ration board and appealed to State OPA Director Robert Hall, who said "there was nothing to show the local board was wrong." The missionary and two ministers, the Rev. C, W. Anderson, pastor-, of the Harrisburg Baptist church, and the Rev. Russell Clubb, glator of the T y o n z a Baptist church, then appealed to Governor Adkins and Attorney General Guy E, Williams. Williams said he arranged a conference for them with the OPA slate officials and "the stale direc- lor look Ihcm in hand, he being not only discourteous, but using profanity in the presence of these ministers." "There positively was no discourtesy toward these minister by me or the two members of the OPA legal slaft who were present at the conference," ( retorted Hall after Williams made public a letter he had written Senator Hatlie Caraway and John L. McClellan demanding an investigation of the operative enterprise, grown old and successful in one of the most difficult of all fields to organize cooperatively—the newspaper field, with its manifold opinion?, jealousies and politics. K American agriculture were able to organize sucli a co-operative many of the ills of the farmers might be solved. Local farm co-ops, there arc—but not on the national scale covered by the newspapers' Associated Press. Failure of attempts to organize the farmers co-operatively are laid to the fact that the man of the £,oU is the world's last remaining individualist. And yet, if the co-operative idea succeeded among newspapers there is always the possibility that it may some day be successfully applied to farming. For this reason a word or two from the old chief of the Associated Press, now retired, is interesting— particularly because of what he says about the AP's co-operative feature. The man is Fronk B. Noyes, publisher of the Washington Star, president of the AP for 38 years—until his retirement in 1938. Said Noyes yesterday in an affidavit which will be submitted along with others in the AP's answer lo the government suit: "It was not contemplated by the men who organized the AP that all newspapers in the Uniled Slalcs should become members" but'that it was recognized that in order to establish "a true co-operative organization, the members must have opportunily to select their own associatfjs,," .. ....', "Bascd"Upbn my experiences ' of 50 years with the press associations it is my judgment that it is not possible to maintain an unbiased, complete and accurate news report unless there exists, to set the standard of such a report, a mutual co-operative non-profit organization whose members, voluntarily joined together, control the operations of the organization. "Only in this way can the bias of particular individuals and political parties be prevented from influencing the news. Experience both in this country and abroad has demonstrated this to be the fact. . . . "If the AP were compelled to serve all comers the incentive for co-operation would no longer exist. It would shift into an organization for pecuniary profit in private ownership and subject to private contijol, or, because of its judicially fostered monopolistic status, it would come under government regulation and control. Here lies the danger to the freedom of the press." Invasion Plans Developing Says Navy Chief Knox Washington, June 22—(/P)—Navy secretary said today that preparations are moving "right along" for an Allied invasion of Europe. Knox was asked at a press conference for comment on a new Russian insistence that an Allied army be thrown onto the German dominated continent. The Russians said that while the German army has been defeated several times during the past year and while the military situation is now generally favorable to the Allies there can be no victory without a second front. Knox said he would make "no comment at all" on the subject of a "second front," a term that he has repeatedly avoided using. However, he said that preparations for an attack on Europe "arc going forward right along." "Obviously, we can't talk in specific terms" the Navy secretary added, "but there has been no cessation of these activities." Knox holds and frequently has expressed the idea that there are many fronts in the war today and that it is erroneous to call a prospective front in Europe a "second front." In response to other questions, Knox said he knew of no Japanese interference with the movement of supplies from the United States to Russia across the Pacific. The line to Russia still is functioning, he declared, although "whether the Japanese arc holding up^any of the ships and examining them, I don't know." • Asked specifically whether any of the ships had been taken by the Japanese as prizes of war, Knox said not to his knowledge. Nor did he know of any which had recently been sunk. • : -;He recalled that "a long time ago," one or two of the vessels were lost, the Japanese at that time declaring they had been sunk by the United Slates to crealc an incident. "Has anything developed on that route to Russia which would pro- Peace Restored in Detroit Race Riot; 23 Dead By The Associated Press Detroit, June 22 — An army-enforced pence settled upon riot-torn Detroit today with the guns of the military in grim command of the areas where radical fights had spread death, terror and destruction. Ordered by President Roosevelt in a formal proclamation to desist and with steel - helmclcd federal trrops supporting his command white and negro antagonists skulked into hiding after having caused the deaths of 23 persons— : 20 of them Negroes — during a', calamitous day and night. ; At least seven hundred persons, were injured and approximately 1,300 arrested and still held this morning. O£ the total under arrest police estimated about 85 percent were Negroes. On the streets where the blood of both Negro and while had run, 1,100 soldiers marched in patrol to assist the slate militia, state police and city police. Early today authorities said conditions were "quiet." The troops, rolling up in trucks and jeeps and armed with rifles and machine guns, reached Cadillac Square, heart of the city, an hour before midnight. Word of their arrival spread quickly. Within 30 minutes, police said, the situation had much improved. By midnight the situation seemed Detroit Race Riot Temperature Climbs to New High of 99 The temperature climbed to 99 degrees yesterday according to records at the Experiment Station, setting a new high for the season so far. Previous high was 98 degrees last Saturday and 97 degrees on Sunday. alleeod row. "Of course, I realize that this bureaucrats arc very powerful men and perhaps cannot be touched." Williams wrote the Ark- Kansas senators, "but I should like [to make the simple suggestion that this case be investigated thorough- jy.and Brother Summers and the pthor preachers in this state be igivcn fair and courteous treat- jbnent, and as much gasoline as the J[aw will permit as I am sure their vork is equally us important as any other person in the land as tne Rnorals of the , people must be ^strengthened and and undcrgircled. know of no better way to do it lan with the men of the pulpit." "There was never any question Mr. Summers' eligibility for preferred mileage as a minister of ie gospel," Hall said, "but the foinsctl local war price and ra- _oning board. . . decided that Mr. glimmers had failed to show need more than 470 miles of driv- per month, the amount which .s granted the minister. . . P"It is the policy of OPA and this to back up to the limit when ey are right. . . local ration |ards. Mr. Summers has the t of appeal to the regional ?A office at Dallas and on to pshington if he feels he has been scriminated against." Honeybees Nest Knoxville, Tenn. —(/P)— Bees in the bonnet: For several years a drove of bees have made honey in the top of a 30-foot column in front of the Fifth Avenue Baptist Church here. And not so long ago at nearby Athens, a swarm of bees were discovered in the county courthouse dome- not until a county official -but had robed the bees of their honey for several years, keeping the secret to himself! Ration Calendar Ration Book No. 1 Coffee—Stamp No. 24, good lor one pound, expires June 30. Sugar—Stamp No. 13, good for five pounds, expires August 15. For canning, Stamps 15 and 16 good for five pounds each. Shoes—Stamp No. 18 good for one pair through Oct. 31. Ration Book No. 2 Blue Stamps K, L and M for canned and processed vegetables and fruits, good through July 7. Red Stamps J, K, L, M and N, tor meats, fats, edible oils, cheeses, canned fish ond canned milk, expire June 30. Gasoline Stamps No. 6 of A-books good for four gallons each until July 22. (Continued on Page Three) Germany Ripe for Invasion Russians Say London, June 22—W)—Germany, shocked by recent reverses, is facing a military and political crisis, but the Allies must open a second front in Europe this year if they hope for a quick victory, Ihe Russians declared today on the second anniversary of Hitler's invasion of the Soviet Union. In a special communique broadcast by the Moscow radio, the Soviet Information Bureau said: "During the past year the German army has had no military successes. On the contrary, it has suffered one defeat after another on the Soviet front and in North Af- ica thus, as a result, the German military power has been shaken and a crisis caused. "But this is not enough for victory, everything now depends on how the Allies will use the favorable situation for a second front, without which victory is impossible." . Reviewing the two years of the bloodiest struggle in history, the broadcast placed Germany's Russian front casualties at 6,400,000 killed and missing and Russian losses at 4,200,000 in dead and missing. Germany has lost 42,400 tanks, 56,500 guns and 43,000 planes as compared with Russian losses of 30,000 tanks, 35,000 guns and 23,000 planes, said the communique which was recorded by the Soviet monitor here. It asserted that the Germans have lost the main par) of their first - line divisions and described Hitler's defeat before Moscow "as the decisive evc-nl of the Second World War. 1 ' Today's anniversary found the millions of soldiers facing er.ch other along the front virtually deadlocked, with activity confined to artillery exchanges, scouting forays and a continuous exchange of uerial bl.n-.s. Hitler'-- oclay in launching his third summer offensive •— Ihe 1IM2 drive was begun on June 11 — and reports thai he is movin; subsUm- [ lial rein'orcciiients into l'"Yr..icr, have led some observers to predict that i.e has abando-\ec' hope of knocking the Soviet Union out under full control. A related incident which occurred at the Fort custer, Mich., army post lai&night was disclosed today in a statement released by Col. Ralph Wiltamuth, post commander. "Members of one of the Negro quartermaster battalions," ' the statement said, "attempted to secure arms and .trucks at Fort.Cus*. tor Monday night, but were promptly arrested. The men had become restless over the disturbance in Detroit and wanted to go to assist their families. Prompt action by military authoritise quickly restore order. Five men were confined in the post stockade awaiting investigation." President Roosevelt, in a proclamation from Washington, ordered that "all persons engaged in unlawful and insurrectionary proceedings" retire peaceably to ; their homes. He called on "all good citizens" to "uphold the laws and preserve the public peace." At 2 a.m. (Eastern War Time) Brig. Gen. William Guthner of the Sixth Service Command, in charge of the troops, reported no further serious trouble. "The troops have met with no violence and have used no vio- The above photo shows a negro's car blowing up and showering a passenger filled street car with flames after white rioters set it afire and beat the driver in Detroit's race riot Monday. Lower photo shows white rioters pursuing a negro after stopping his automobile—car was overturned and burned. Negro was beaten severly. (Continued on Page Three) of the war. The special communique said that while the Red Army has been strengthened with hundreds of new factories, German industry is Continued on Page Three Maltese Elated Over Visit of King George Valletta, Malta, June 20 (Delayed) (/P)— Evidencing complete Allied control of the Mediterranean, King George VI paid an unprecedented war-time visit today to the islanders he had collectively awarded the George Cross for heroism against the Axis onslaught. The king came here from North Africa aboard the cruiser Aurora, escorted by four destroyers — a part of the Mediterranean fleet that has played a major role in Malta's defense and in convoying supplies which have kept the island colony alive. He drove through flag - decked streets lined by unroofed buildings to the dockyards which had continued their vital functions throughout the worst of the German-Italian aerial attacks. One of the highlights of his lour was a visit to the community of Senglca, which has been called "Senglca the unconquerable" since its stubborn defenders played a major part in breaking the Turkish siege of 1656. It is one of the most devastated spots on the island. Surrounded by awed adults and gaily - shouting children, the king climbed the hundred steps to Victory street where the Parish priest. Rev. O. BrinciU. thanked the sovereign on behalf of the townsfolk for his visit. The chimes from the undamaged belfry of the bomb - torn our Lady of Victory church drowned out the king's reply. The crowd then followed him down the street, where not a single building remains undamaged. Tonight Malta had a five - minute air raid alarm but no enemy planes appeared to mar the king's visit. Operating at Big Loss Says Telephone Co. Little Rock, June 22 — (IP)— A Southwestern Bell telephone co. auditor told the Utilities Commission today the company had operated at a total $259,662 loss during the past eight years in seven Arkansas towns seeking reduced telephone rales. The auditor, W. P. Clark, St. Louis, said one of the factors contributing to the unprofitable operation was wage increases granted through union negotiation since 1937. Clark said Southwestern Bell employes in Arkansas already had received wage hikes totalling $433, 500 since 1937 and that Iwo contracts calling for an additional $173,700 wage boost were pending before the War Labor Board. None of the towns seeking the reductions were represented at the hearing. They arc Hope, Bates villo, Rogers, Helena, West Helena, Walnut Ridge and Bcntonville. The rate reduction case is one phase of long-pending telephone matters the commission is attempting lo dispose of this week through a series of hearings and conferences. W. E. Gosdin, Southwestern Bell division general manager, declared that the company was seeking no rate increases and was hopeful that the eight yours litigation could be concluded satisfactor- iy. The commission sought today to Tunisia Victory Destroys Myth of Germans By GEORGE J. KIENZUE Columbus, O., June 21 — (IP)— The Tunisian victory exploded the myth of the Nazi superman, says Gen. George C. Marshall, chief of staff of the Uniled States army. "The superman has had his day," the officer told the 35th annual governors' conference last night. "The democracies have called his bluff." Asserting that psychological byproducts of the African triumph have been "of immense importance," General Marshall said: "There has been a rebirth of the French army with a splendid example of courageous and aggressive fighting power. The observing nations have seen selected German troops humbled by an ex- reach final agreement the telephone company on settlement of the long-pending rule cases. The cases came before the commission in the form of appeals by the company from local rale-re- duction ordinances passed in 1935 by Hope, Batesville, Rogers. Helena. West Helena, Walnut Ridge and Bentonvillc. A commission member snid the body decided the cit'os could not sustain the ordinances and the cases probably woul be dismissed with present rates remaining in effect. The company, this member said, had agreed to discontinue report charges on intra-state lonn distance calls because there were no such charges on interstate culls. In a single year, 90,000 planes arrived at and departed from Chicago's airport. tension and improvement of the technique that brought about the downfall of France. "The Allies have gained confidence in each other, and the Allied fighting men, and the scales have so tipped that thdse nations who have been maneuvering merely to be on the winning side can no longer escape the conclusion that there is no victory in prospect for Germany." Joseph E. Davies, former ambassador to Russia expressed belief that had not the Red Army stopped Hitler's eastern drive "the Germans might have overrun Africa; might have made Tunisia impossible, and might have made junction with the Japs in India ond on the Persian gulf." "Had that happened," he told the conference, "our enemies and not wo would today be dictating the,global strabal strategy." navies said his recent trip to the Soviet Union to. deliver a letter from President Roosevelt to Mar- many would fail to achieve victory over Russia this year, just as it had in 1U41 and 1942 and that "the Soviet people and their leaders desiro, above all else, a peaceful world." Cautoining U. S. Bombers Follow Up RAF Night Raid London, June 22 — (IP)— United States bombers attacked the German Ruhr in daylight today in swift succession to a pulverizing RAF night raid on Krefeld. It was the first atlack by U. S. bombers on Ihis vital area so often smashed by heavy British night raiders. The United States bombers also attacked Belgian targels. The bombing operalions were supporled by Uniled States, RAF, Dominion and Allied fighler squadrons. The Ruhr is about 50 miles long and 40 miles wide, and it produces roughly about three-fourths of German coal, four fifths of her coke and about two-thirds of her iron and steel. The British attack on Krefeld was one of the heaviest of the aerial offensive. The British lost 44 bombers — the heaviest for any single attack this year — but the air ministry communique which described the raid as "very heavy and concentrated" and delivered in "great strength" indicated thai Ihe assault approached the 1,000-bomber class. Coast observers said the day- FDR Expected to Take Action • * in Coal Strike —Washington ',; By The Associated Press " t j Washington, June 22 —(/P)— John* U Lewis and Secretary Ickes cor& t ferred again today on the coal con- * troversy, which has closed the*' mines in a tight strike, even as** the War Labor Board (WLB) was' disclosed to be calling for White,! House intervention. | Ickes, as federal boss of the 1 ? mines, received the United Minef Workers' leader at the Interior De-* 1 partment. "' _^ They met for an hour and a half'£ t; and declined to say what had happened. Lewis said nothing at all, and Ickes' office simply issued this', statement: "The secretary of interior and/ 1 members of his staff today con-^ ferred with John L. Lewis, John ^ O'Leary, and John Owens and" Percy Tetlow, executive officers* of the United Mine Workers. "There will be no further comment today from the office of the Secretary of Interior." The announcement duplicated one by Ickes on their first meeting yesterday, except that it omitted the assertion that the conference would be resumed. An authoritative source, who withheld use of his name, said * the WLB had directed its chairman, William H. Davis, to take to the White House a letter outlining*' the board's position and strongly, • recommending that the president, order enforcement of its decree jj that the union and operators sign* a two-year no strike contract, minus provisions to meet Lewis*} wage increase demands* « •>'> "Although ttie'WLB decision last; Friday was reached on an 8-4jrote (J j the board was described as "unanimously determined that the terrns of its 'decision should be observed. Lewis responded to reporters* > J> , questions only with a smile as i accompanied by John Owens, John" O'Leary and Percy Tetlow of the l "; United Mine Workers, he showed* i,, up at Ickes' office. v Barring some settlement not yet apparent, President Roosevelt was believed to be ready to take prompt action to get the miners back to work. What this action might be was not indicated; ?i • 1 <P •&'- r "l*"c By The Associated Press Washington, June 22 — Direct action by the White House was viewed today as possible within Continued on Page Three that to carp at Russia (inly holps the Axis, Davies called for a "constructive effort to create a public opinion at this critical time. peace are in jeopardy, which would fortify our confidence in our light raiders crossing toward Northern France in two waves were Fortresses of the United States air force. Fifty-two bombers were lost in the 1,000-plane attack on Bremen on June 25, 1942, and 44 were lost over Cologne on May 30, 1942, in the frist of Ihe 1,000-bomber attacks. Two weeks ago 43 bombers of the "greatest attacking force yet sent to Germany"—all four- engincd planes — failed to return from an attack on Ducsseldorf and Muenster. These were the RAF's, greatest losses. Krefeld .is an important textile and railway center 10 miles west of the Ruhr and near the Netherlands border and is noted for its manufacture of special steels for aircraft armor plate and its out put of sulphuric acid for explosives. DNB, German News Agency, in a Berlin broadcast admitted that "numberous blocks of buildings" were destroyed during the devastating assault and said that 38 British bombers were shot down. The cluster of German industrial centers within a 20-mile J1C UJJlIltUU «l Una winva* ~ when both the war and the streclh of the Rhineland, repre sented by Krefeld, Duisburg and Duesseldorf, has now been visited by a total of 135 catastrophic the air ministry said. Continued on Page Three Another Big Air Victory Over Japanese Alied Headquarters in Australia, June 22 — (IP) — American Light-, - nings swooped down upon a large . formation of Japanese Zeros over , New Guinea yesterday, destroyed \ at least 14 — and probably 23 — and came home without a single, plan missing. The 14 Zeros blew up in the air or crashed to the ground in sight of American pilots. "The remaining nine were in flames and losing altitude," a communique from General Mae* Arthur's headquarters said. "Their complete destruction was most probable." There were 36 Zeros in the enemy formation when the P-38's, .' outnumbered about two to one, came upon them over the Lae area. Despite the great odds the communique said that "our damage was slight" and a headquarters spokesman declared all our planes returned. It was the second decisive Allied aerial victory over th,e Japanese in two days and the first major engagement over New Guinea since the middle of May. Sunday Spitfire fighters, manned by British and Australian pilots, knocked eight Bombers and four fighters out of a flight of 48 Japanese planes over Darwin, Australia, and damaged or destroyed nine other bombers and three fighters. Today's communique also told of ground fighting in New Guinea for the first time in many weeks. Sharp patrol clashes occurred in, the Mubo area 12 miles southwest of Salamaua. Tnc Japanese were killed and one wounded and one Allied soldier was wounded. In th,e same area 14 divebombers snd nine fighters bombed and straff Allied forward positions but our losses were "very light," the com- munique said. Allied two-engined bomber? struck sharply at several Japanese points. I

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