Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on June 19, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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7/ Hope Star The Weather Arkansas: Continued warm this afternoon and tonight. Star of Hope, 1d°9; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, JUNE 19, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press (N(:A)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass n PRICE 5c COPY Sardinia Hard Hi Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor —ALEX. H. WASHBURN- Branch Postofficc Numbers Teletypesetter Circuit Year Old Today Elsewhere in today's paper you will read a Postoffice Department statement explaining those curious numbers you will be asked to add to the addresses of people you write to in the larger cities. The system aplics to only about _J ____<§) 150 cities—but their total mail is a Congress, OPA Headed Toward Full-Blown Feud —Washington rj huge percentage of the entire American postal business. The government has broken down these 150 cities from one central postofficc into several branch offices. There have been branch post- offices in some cities for years, but there arc a good deal more of them today. Prior to this all' mail went into the central poslofficc and then was fed out to the branch offices serving the several districts of a city. I By addressing your letter not only I to the designated city but to the correct branch pstoffice in that Washington, June 19 — (/P)— Congress and the Office of Price Administration (OPA) headed today toward a full - blown feud over food policies amid these developments: 1—Decision of the House to cut OPA's funds by 20 per cent and outlaw its proposed program for subsidizing price reductions. 2—rDcmands for a showdown on issue of 14 ing meat price rollbacks were dc moralizing livestock interests. 3—Announcement in Chicago that 14 packing plants had suspended or were ready to. Five of thc firms were in Ohio attributing their decision to government price regulations or uncertainty over the subsidy program. 4—Disclosure that Food Adminis- Ira^tor Chester C. Davis had concluded th&t the administration's program 'Of price control was unworkable ' without centralized au; thorTty and was in danger of collapse. He was described as at odds completely with President Roosc veil's closest advisers. The House took a whack at OPA in general last night while passing a $2,898,941,504 cies. Republican amendments aimed at OPA were passed in rapid succession and members of Hy you will get it through to the branch office fast, reducing thc need for rchandling mail at the central office, and saving perhaps a vital day in the time required foi delivery. Business men particularly shouk revise thc addresses of thc busi ness houses they deal with in the larger cities, adding the brand number to the It will save manpower postal system, and will help t expedite the mail, already stag goring under the heavy burden o war. -K * -K Today marks the first annivei iry of the Southwest Arkansas Teletypesetter Circuit, which ope ates linotypes simultaneously, i several newspaper shops by tele groph. It is the first such daily new paper circuit in transmitter opened June 19, 1942, and today marks thc completion-of a year of trouble- ansmission. ligh as 20,000 words of telegraph news is received and turned into type automatically, in eight hours. in The Star plant see this electromechanical marvel at work—and this is a renewed invitation to visit us. both parties seized the opportunity I What^ou wm see Is to blast price Administrator Pren. ' of news transmission as tiss Brown's agency. The attack got under way when Representative Dirksen (R - 111.) proposed a reduction of $35,000,000 in OPA funds for the next twelve months, chopping them to $130,000,000 compared with $17.335.000 appropriated last 'year. Republicans almost solidly supported the amendment, which was adopted, 185 to 147. Dirkson then wrote into the bill, on a vote of 160 to 106, his anti- subsidy amendment which provided in effect that none of OPA's funds may be. used for thc salaries or expenses of any employes pro- New Coal Crisis; Strike Depends on John L. Lewis —Washington Washington, June IS —(/P)— Thc soft coal wage dispute boiled to ward a new crisis today with the miners' travel pay demands rejected by thc War Labor Board (WLB) and time running out on the latest truce. The nation looked to President ohn L. Lewis and a meeting of 10 United Mine Workers Policy Committee for an answer to thc uestibn: Will Ihc miners work af- er tomorrow midnight? The UMW, acting after a command by President Roosevelt topped the last walkout June 1 but ordered thc men to work only un- U midnight, June 20, while ncgo- iations proceeded on demands for T $2 a day pay boost, representing underground travel time. Thc op crators declared all along they fcl hey owed thc miners nothing. Italian Peace Group Re in North Africa Signs of unrest appeared mediately after thc WLB im an nouncemcnt that porlal-to - porla pay represented an "unknown lia bility" under the fair labor slan dards act and was therefore a cas for the courts to decide. ThTe alternative was for the union and thc operators to settle out of court but within the national wage stabilization policy. Three Alabama mines, normally employing more than 2,200 were shut down promptly when the evening crews failed to report. Pennsylvania reported a series of stoppages. At Jonslown 200 men on a night shift arrived at the mine, then decided not to work. A crew of 150 at the scalp level mine failed to pick up their tools and thc late shifts of thc Clymcr and Ban- slope mines of the Now York Central Railroad, employing about 050, did not report. The third shift London, June 19 +-(1P)— Reuters eported from Algiers today rumors were current that Italian icace envoys, possibly including 2rown Prince Umberto and Marhal Pictro Badoglio, were in thc French African capital as Premier Wussolini presided over a cabinet meeting in Rome which thc Ital- nn radio said approved new decrees. Official London quarters snid they had no confirmation ol the •umors of peace envoys in Algiers, and efforts to verify the •umors there were unavailing. Um- acrlo commands an Army group; Bauoglio was deposed as chief of staff early in thc war. Thc report recalled thc statement of President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill, made in January at Casablanca, that only "unconditional surrender" would bc accepted froin any weakening Axis nation. ....Mussolini stepped back into the limelight last night after a week of strange silence, declaring nine pro- governmcn had been conferring n Paris with the prefect of Corsica. That French island, north of Sardinia, is occupied by Italy.) Nazi Attack Near Orel Is Significant Moscow, June 19 —(/P)— Contin ued Nazi counter - attacks aimei Duesseldorf Said Left in Ruins by RAF Bombers —Europe i & Yanks Hang Up Record; Down 39 Axis Plane! London, June 19 — (P)— The Air Ministry said today Duesseldorf 'is in ruins," with more than 1,00 acres devastated after the great attack by RAF heavy bombers June 11. When a complete count of al' the damage has been'made, it is thought that thc figures will bc more like 1,500 acres — consider ably over two square miles," thc air ministry said after an exam ination of aerial photographs made following the night attack in which Muenstcr and other places in the Ruhr and Rhincland were bombed This is the most shatterinj at re.capturlng strong points north- I blow to the German war potentia west of Mtsensk in the Orel sec- which so far has been struck in or of thc Russian front were the battle of the Rnur," the re- iewcd by military observers to- pO rt said. ay as increasingly significant. Duesseldorf is the administration The Germans have made repeat- capital of the whole Ruhr district d attacks during the past week ant i the leading covnmercul city irowing fresh reserves and hcav- of western Germany, cr equipment into the attempt to In thc at tack, the; RAF used the ake positions recently lost to Red g reatcs t force of heavy bombers —AfrieciiP By HAROLD V. BOYLE ,™ Allied Headquarters in North! Africa, June 19 — (/P)— The: ; great|f. est attacking force of AmeriqanSi planes to go into action since); tneJJ surrender of : Pantelleria rail" '" Sicilian and Sardinian targets'y^-..^ terday and shot down 39 ehern^| planes in combat. . .' "/'4.!$?^ Maj. Gen. James H. Doolitttets| Fires Visible for 40 Miles After U.S. Raid By The A s so c iated Press Four - engined American Liber-, - . . ,,,. • ^ v , ators and Catalina flying boats get Strategic Air Forc e< lost_,;:eigh|| fires visible 40 miles in a heavy planes in resuming the offensive raid last night on the Japanese base at Nauru Island, 650 miles northeast of Guadalcanal, while the greatest fo^ce since tory at Pantellena June, ll total of 39 enemy planes shot at the Isabella mine Weirton Steel Company pear after the war. No Direction on Delay Says Compere Little Rock, June 19 — (/P)— State Selective Service Director E. L. of thc was idle while only a portion of the full crews at Richeyville and Dcnbo showed up. One union local, at Jamestown, Pa., advised the WLB it condemned strike action and urged the . I UMW policy committee to take thc wage case before the board and the Office of Price Administration (OPA). Though the controversy revolved | around only the soft coal wage scale, anthracite miners have been I working under the same truce conditions. Their wage demands have not yet been considered by the | WLB. A wage adjustment of about 5 per cent is due the anthracite I miners under the little steel for- fie aves and left a fiery trail of de- bm . board . g dccision ycs . Compere said today Arkansas , t j Umc issuc c draft boards Were proceeding with h CQU1 ts , ofl , h plans to begin induction of falhers ^™^u ic UM¥ To TiproiU •li-Mtllf Allff 1 * . - .... mitigating or administering subsidy programs. He followed with a third amendment accepted 188 to 144, denying salary or expenses to any price policy - making official, except the administrator, who has not had at least five consecutive years of experience in the field of busi ness in which he is shape OPA policy. Represcntalive Andresen (R- Minn.), then drove through amend- restricting price fixing in about Aug Compere asserted he had no in- formauon which would confirm Washington dispatches that drafting of fathers might be delayed until Qct 1 These stories apparently were based on the theory that 'lowering 1-our administrator to thc federal or;- trict tribunals' in civil action. The CIO mine, mill and smellei workers, seeking travel time pay in southern iron ore mines, have been successful thus far in the threatened southern Italian vinces "operation zones." This meant martial law was extended to most of the Italian boot south of Naples, capital of Napoli. The Rome radio, in a report recorded by the Associated Press, said the affected provinces were Foggia, Bari, Brindisi, Lesse, Taf- anto, Cosena, Catanzara, Matera and parts of Reggio Calabria. Sar. dinia and Sicily, besieged Italiav Mediterranean outpost islands long have been under martia laws and "zones of operation." • During most of thc week, re ports emanating from Italy hayc pictured Carlo' Scorza, secretary of thc Fascist party, as thc domi nant figure in the government. Trustworthy reports from inside Europe said a tide of Italian bit terness has been rising against Mussolini, whose adventure into war already has cost Italy all her African empire and the Mediterranean islands of Pantelleria, Lampedusa, Lampoine and Linosa. Italy too has been brought under devastating aerial bombardment from Africa and from the British Isle, and the whole of the exposed peninsula is within range of bombers. Moreover, Mussolini's deals with the Germans have Drought an increasing dominance from the senior Axis power. These reports said Mussolini was attempting to 'shift the blame for his errors upon the Fascist party national directorate and that this was the reason for the eminence ol the directorate in Italian affairs curlier this week. However, al members of thc directorate were appointed by Mussolini, whose title thr party." (CBS reported from Zurich Switzerland, thc Italian govern incut had ordered the evacuation of all non - essential pcrsonne rmy troops. These observers point out that he fighting, although local has been stronger than any other reported along the fornt in days, and do not believe the Germans would ever sent out in the mounting 1943 offensive. Thc RAF lost 43. ministry said the unusual .value for them. Both sides were reported to one obliterated all the that went autumn and winter, after 380 acres were flattened during last summer. 'Three times as much again is to be done" now, the ministry for a | COIT1 pi e tely reconstructed now hav been as completely wrecked." have concentrated large reserves said Q£ the repau . task facing the and supplies in the Orel area, GerrnanSi "This probably is an im which is the hinge of the Central poss ible task at this stage of the and southern fronts and is con- | war Tlle f ac t O ries which were sidered a possible point strong offensive for either. Recounting the Nazis' futile attacks near Mtsensk, thc Russian midnight communique said more tha"fr-2;006^e"rrrmri '-troops" had been killed in the area during thc last week. Indicating the added heavier equipment ^eing employed there, the Russians said they had nocked out 17 tanks, 12 guns and mortars. (The midday Russian communi- uc which was recorded by the oviet Monitor in London from a Moscow broadcast, said the Rus- of physical standards by the Navy courts. Thc union obtained a ruling -«, u, UUB ,-, would make enough men available from the wage and hour adminis helping to so that they wouldn't have to draft trator, Department of Labor, that * ° . . • , ___ ___ __ -i»_ _t.:ij : 3 .,11 limr. ctinni 1 mH Ol'fTmi Illfi \VilS married men with children immed- I all time spent underground was lately," he said. I working time. On that basis their "Actually they've lowered thc from Naples and the larger town of Sicily by July 10. The sarm source said the evacuation of Sar dinia would be completed by th end of June and the Vichy radi said Pierre Lavall French chief of . work week exceeded 40 hours and moms rosincimu unue UXM.K mi physical standards very little and under the law they would be en- acco^ P'-°b» b * won't affect titled to time and a half after the and barring use of any of the funds for programs involving the 100 men in thc slate.' Compere said efforts 40th hour. Thc Tennessee Coal, Iron and 11 IC1S J.U1 IJl U(il (4(113 luvulvjllfe nn- .._.__, - A _ _ ,..,,., T /-, J J ,41.r»l» grade labeling of food or standar- were being made "by certain in- Railroad Company, and two othei d/iUoii of wearing apparel fluential men" in Washington to steel concerns, went into federal n±" " h»s I, t metnwhile. a Uofer thc induction of fathers and and asked for a declaratory judg- Over in the Semite, meanwhile, a demand for action on legislation pertaining to the subsidy idea was could made by 14 Republican members from livestock and grain - producing states who criticized the unccr- tainty of the situation. Urging a vole "at the very earliest possible dale" on proposals ranging from a restriction on thc amount of subsidies to a prohibition against payment of any govern ment funds for price decreases, the group declared: it was possible such be postponed. inductions Aviation spokesmen expect that 60 ton transport planes will be flying regularly by 1945. All navigable air about 17,000 feet altitude is now reserved in the S. for military traffic. Sports Big Aid for American Soldiers Now York, June 19.—American soldiers, sailors and marines want professional baseball to continue throughout the war. They get up-!o- date scores and team standings at American Red Cross service clubs. Baseball is the most popular sport both as a game und topic of conversation. Virtually every U. S. Army carno in the British Isles IIHS a le with teams named after major league clubs. American service men are playing baseball in North Africa, Australia, along thc entire far-flung front. Thc Brooklyn Dodgers may have lost to the St. 5 Louis Cardinals last fall, but they '^remain ace high as far as the BAjiierican doughboy is concerned Ration Calendar Ration Book No. 1 Coffee—Stamp No. 24, good for one pound, expires June 30. Sugar—Stamp No. 13, good for five pounds, expires August 15. For canning, Stamps 15 and 16 good for five pounds each. Shoes—Stamp No. 18 good for one pair through Oct. 31. Ration Book No. 2 Blue Stamps G, H and J, for canned and processed vegetables and fruits, expire June 7. Stamps K, L and M, good through July 7. Red Stamps J and K good through June 30. Red Stamp L becomes valid June 6, good through June 30. Gasoline Stamps No. 6 of A-books good for four gallons each until July 22. ians took the offensive northwest Says Industry Failed to Meet Goals f Mtensk last d occupying night, advancing a more advanta- _ goeus position" after killing about 00 Germans. (Red Army forces also were said o have attacked near Leningrad, cilling 50 Germans, and Russian liers resumed their attacks on German air bases behind the lines, destroying "a large number of German planes" on the ground and shooting down an additional 11 in aerial battles, the communique , other Allied bombers pounded live was the greatest number of fight nemy strong points in the islands f« destroyed in the air by nv/ Australia little's men in a single day, A spokesman 'at U. S. headquar- though there have been - rs somewhere in the South p a - combined bags by the S. said llanes long - range an d Tactical Air Forces andJMid^ hit Nauru in two die East airmen. .."•£"' Large formations of Flying Fp: resses attacked the eastern SiciUan;figl Sardinia strafed aircraft_oa attacked Axis truction among bivouacs, oil . umps and other targets. He said city of Messina, Gen. e attack was "very successful." Eisenhower's communique- Preliminary reports indicated all nounced. Three ships were hits he raiders returned safely. s et on fire, one exploding,•-*"From bases in Australia, Allied fliers hammered the Japanese at lancing fighter -bombers shot, elaru island, in the Tanimbar three radio stations in roup: off Cape Gloucester, New . Britain; Unea island, Amboina is- "dro airfield- and ' 'troops on Milo airfield m Sicily;:'Siff, ei-urni ^.wm a — Planes I Other targets were Golfa Aran|^ credited with inflicting havoc ci Jn Sardinia and commumcatiqns ? | on Japanese troops in the sector ™ southern Sardinia while ^heavy* jj ew bombers of the RAF roaredwout Guinea, sweeping 37 times over I of Middle East command basesjjto^ the area to spray the enemy cannon and machinegun fire. Meanwhile, dispatches from an advanced U. S. base said Japan's ill-fated raid on Guadalcana Italy said. (Reconnaissance activity also was reported on the Donets front, thc Russians attacking near Lisi- chansk and beating off an attempt by German scouts to cross the river south of layum.) Washington* June 19 (/P) U dersecretary of War Robert P. Pa terson asserted today that industr failed by 5 1-2 per cent to meet pr duction needs of the Army ground forces last month. He said "this failure of May production is the most critical single occurrence in the Army supply program. 1 Production in May, he told a press conference, was scheduled to increase 2 per cent to a total volume of $1,582,000,000 but actually declined 4 1-2 per cent to $1,494,000,000." This, he said, means that troops in training "must be deprived of critical equipment in order to supply troops being shifted overseas and those already overseas. If this situation continues, even our over-, seas troops will suffer from shortages of critical equipment." Patterson 'asserted the decreased production was due, in stallations in southern Wednesday may have cost "thet^^j,,- fjg h t ers o f the Tactical' enemy 94 out of 120 planes in thc A j r Force, patrolling over P&-*- 1] attacking force. ,, leria to break up Axis raids", _ , In addition to 77 enemy aircraft t d a forrnaU on of German-gj shot down by out - numbered U. S. Junkers . 88s from bombing the is^ 'interceptor planes, it was an- I nounced, 17 Japanese dive - bombers and fighters were knocked down by anti-aircraft batteries. Six American planes were lost. American air strength on Guadalcanal Was emphasized by Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox with the disclosure "we have a lot of new planes down there — the very best type." Knox said both American personnel and equipment were super- oir to the Japanese, and the double factor meant "God-awful pasting for them and a glorious victory for us." St. Andrews, located on the cast coast of Sclotland, is the birthplace of golf. The four railway systems in the United Kingdom total 20,800 miles of track. Last Stop, Tokyo 'ATTU>«« mcnt to thc contrary. Thc local unions countercalm and were upheld by the district court mid the circuit court at Ncsv Orleans last March. The companies have asked for a rehearing. Back wages that would be due under such a ruling are reported to run into hundreds of thousands of dollars. However in 1940, the head of the UMW legal department advised the wage and hour administrator that the existing method of measuring working time at thc lack of work in the mine had been the custom of the industry for years and any change to a portal- to-portal basis would cause chaos. The wage and hour administration then said it would not disturb the existing 'methods. Lewis, in the recent negotiations, repudiated that informal agreement and said it was not binding on the united mine workers. I The WLB split 8 to 4 on its de- contending the board wus confronted with a dispute which it should dispose of finally itself. To supplement the cgcs ration London shops sell unrationcd tur key and gull eggs. The brink of Niagara Foils is receding at the rate of two and a half feet a year. Pacific Ocean JAPAN £~ATQKYQ Sea of Okhotsk KAMCHATKA PARAMUSHIRO MAKANRU8HIRP Cape Henry (foNNEKOTAN HARIMUKOTANti v <PSHASHIKOTAN CRASHOWA •USHISHIR SHIMUSHIRI Miles 100 Sparsely populated volcanic rocks, the Kuriles are literally stepping stones to Japan from U. S.-conquered Attu in the Aleutians. 800-mile stretch of islands to Japan proper are fog-shrouded like Aleutians, • making air attacks on Poramushiro and other Jap bases difficult. Kurile Islands form u rocky, stubborn path to the heart of Japan,, but Paramushiro, big enemy base at northern end of chain, is within bombing distance of newly recaptured Attu, may be next step toward attack on Nips. his opinion, to "over - confidence and complacency" on the part of the country. "I would attribute the let - down in May," lies said, "to over-confidence inspired by the Tunisian victory and the success of European bombings; to baseless rumors of vast quantities of Army supplies being stored here in America, far beyond our abilities to transport overseas, and to the mistaken belief on the part of many that materials in great quantities will shortly become available for the reconverhion of many war facilities to the production of less essential civilian items. And there are other reasons. He said the mid-western floods undoubtedly had some effect on production but "there is concrete evidence that deep-seated intengi- blcs had a far reaching effect. "Failure to appreciate the gravity of our situation and the need for continued increased efforts to meet our continually increasing needs is evidenced by the coal strike, the Akron strikes, and other stoppages in war and related industries, and by the tendency of certain manufacturers to divert too much time, thought and energy to he design and development of competitive civHian no-essentials" Patterson declared the Army has he men and transportation, indus- ry has the men and materials, hen added: "Management and labor must deliver thc supplies on schedule and as planned, or the opporutnity to exploit recent military successes will be lost. "This is the most critical period in military supply, 'to little and too late' now will cost thousands of lives tomorrow. "The Army supply schedule to which all our military plans for defeating the Axis is geared, calls for a continued rate of increase throughout all of 1943. This rate was not maintained in May." Europe Quiet After Week of Bombing London, June 18 — (fP) —Hitler's Europe had a quiet night last night —the first after a week-long pounding of his vital war centers by RAF and American heavies. There was no official explanation of the gradually lessening blows which ended after Thursday night's light forays by Intruders and Mosquitoes. Hitler's last respite from the sijringflre-invasion pounding last edalmost two weeks and ended suddenly June 11 wTien more than 200 four - engined American bombers loosed tons of explosives in a daylight raid on Wilhplmshaven and Cuxhave. The RAF followed up that night, sending the greatest concentration of bombers in history Continued on Page Four) The Strategic Air Force raider*, £j fought their way through, hedvy"'<|j; opposition on the ground and in^the <air to carry out their missidris.t, particularly at Golfo Aranci in'j northern Sardinia, where.23' 6} the? __ enemy planes were batted down'injvlj a sustained dogfight. .'..,, •" The war bulletin said fliers ( with the heavy force of Flying Fortress:' t es on the Messina raid observed >; many hits on the ferry terminal * leading to the Italian mainland ; only a few miles away, on the power station and on the railway yards. A force of P-38 bomb - carrying ( . Lightnings hit the airfield at Milo, on the western tip of Sicily near Trapani. The airfield at Comiso also was the target of the RAF , Thursday night. Three ships were set on fire by ; a strong force of Marauder bombers in a foray against docks and shipping at Olbia, the communique said, while at Golfo Aranci EU25 Mitchell bombers damaged docks and railway yards. Lightning Continued on Page Four) Teletypesetter Is One Year Old Today Hot Springs, June 19 — The Nations first daily newspaper teletypesetter circuit, operating linotypes by a telegraph wrie, is one year old today. The Southwest Arkansas Teletypesetter Circuit, filed from the Hot Springs New Era, but owned and operated by the Camden News, El Dorado Evening Times, Magnolia Banner-News and Hope Star, began operations June 19, 1942, and today completes a year of trouble free transmission of news, ranging as high as 20,000 words a day. Tine circuit composes type automatically on linotypes at Camden, Magnolia and Hope, but furnishes typewritten copy to El Dorado. Recently the Texarkana Daily News was added to the circuit, receiving typewritten copy. . . Making a total of five afternoon papers now serviced by the new circuit. No Let Up on Gambling Says Gov. Adkins Little Rock, June 19 — (ff)— Gov-''j ernor Adkins today promised oper- .j ators of Arkansas gambling est^br, ; lishments "there will be no let up", 'i, in his campaign to suppress open gambling. . "I have been trying to convince •" them that I meant business but „ they apparently thought we were just making token raids," he de- * clared. ~> "Whatever it takes to convince. , them it will be unprofitable io stay in business we will do. This time there will be no let up." Adkins asserted he guessed oper* ators of alleged handbook estab- ' lishments in Hot Springs "ape * singing a different tune" after state police smashed equipment in two clubs at the Spa yesterday. Meanwhile, the • executive com? mittee of Greater Little Rock; Churchmen asked city and county law enforcement officers here "to, stamp out all forms of legalized gambling and other violations of the law". ' "It has come to the attention ot the men of the churches of Greater Little Rock tat bookmaking and other forms fo lawlessness and, vice are now and have been Jor. some time running practically open. and in direct violation of the Iw *• in Pulaski county without ap. parent restraint by any law eft. jtorcement agency," the' resolutto,n. ( ' 1 said.

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