H ,. I. T/ie Byline of Dependability Hope VOLUME Star ; The Weather Arkansas: Little temperature change this afternoon and tonight. 44— NUMBER 209 Stof of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January IB, 1929. HOPE/ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, JUNE 18, 1943 O (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n Record War Supply Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN (C The Why and the Wherefore of Fishing Washington Joke Under every great religion it was demanded of the faithful that they go out in the world and seek new converts, but if peeking converts is a true mark of the religious impulse then rhe sport of fly-fishing is a religion second to none. Germans Boast of Plans to 'Repel Invasion -® I was worked on zealously by a y-fishing friend this morning. Right in the midst of his talk a ccond fly-fisherman appeared, and ic subject veered swiftly from onverts to tackle. Said the newcomer to r%c: "The thing to do is to get a GO- ool leader that floats .Then when •on get a strike your line will be ight on the surface of the water— ind you won't have to bother drag ging it up from the bottom loaded moss. —Europe ,. London, June 18 —(/P)— Invasion'-^conscious Axis broadcasters continued today to talk at some length about' great concentrations of Allied forces in the Mediterranean area and glibly bragged about their own plans to repel any land- (iying attempts. The Berlin radio quoted German Gocbbcls as writing in Das Reich that Germany looked forward Propaganda Minister Paul Joseph "with imperturability to the im ^pending storm from the west." His editorial ordered "our noisy critics" to keep quiet and arguec that Germany's early successes gave her the opportunity to cxpanc her war potential in time. ft The, Berlin radio also said tha Goebbels spoke today at a mourn ing service for victims of the rail on WuppQ^tal. The radio quoted hirn as sayjn _.Jlhc Allied raids were crying i)u ^ii"for rclalitaion and "cvorythig was being done "to"faring prev- about this hour soon." The Rome radio, which iously had told listeners of "many landing craft concentrating from African coasts ward Panteller- C*ia." declared in a post - midnight report recorded by Reuters that "large British forces are concentrating along the southern frontier of Turkey." Allied sources, understandably .r.silent about the next major move, -gave no confirmation of this report, which presumably was Italy's interpretation of the closing this week of the Syrian - Turksih border. Dispatches from Ankara said the t'ffrontier was reopened yesterday morning by the British, who for 48 hours had stopped all traffic except Allied diplomatic and military personnel. The Rome radio reported, how[•.ever, a 62-mile stretch in northern Syria as well as the coastal area of Lebanon had been declared' 'military areas by the British, and had been closed to all traffic and to civilians. / Berlin, taking no^e'of a possible (.'Allied lunge froin/that quarter, reported in a broadcast heard by the Associated Pi-ess that Premier- Gen. Nuri^Pasheas said of Iraq had informed his troops of an ap- ' 'Continued on Page Three Replied my friend to the new comer: 'Yeah. You told me that too, and I tried it. But that leader you told me would foat — it sank." "I said 10-pound line— you must lave got 20-pound line." My friend shook his head, turned to me and said: "Don't pay any attention to that guy. Now here's what you should do. Get your line, soak it in wax — then it will really float." I know both those guys. They got more fishing equipment than you can get in one room. You sec why — The first time you buy what is simply offered at some store. The second time you take some friend's advice. The third time you throw all your previous experience overboard and start experimenting. And why not? That's where the fascination comes in. * * -K Newest joke from the Washington political front is this: * A soldier replacing a marine on Guadalcanal noticed that the ma- •rtne's uniform was Hterally covered with medals. "How do you get 'cm?" he asked. "You shoot Japs," replied the marine. Strong Jap Base Cleared; 40, Nip Casualties —War in Pacific By The Associated Press Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek's victorious armies were credited today with killing or wounding 10,000 cut of 100,000 Japanese troop., in a 40-day battle on the upper Yangtze river front, and dispatches said the Chinese had now surrounded the Japanese stronghold at Owchihkow. Owchihkow is one of the less important Jnpancse held bases west of Yochow and south of the Yangtze. A Chinese army spokesman sale "less than two thirds of the entire Japanese force managed to escape from the Chinese trap" in the re cent campaign in the Yangtze val ley, in which Gen. Chiang's forces recovered virtually the cntrie ric bowl region of Hunan province. The spokesman said other Chi ncsc forces were halting a ne\ Japanese offensive at China' back door in Yunnan province, ad joining the Burma frontier. Hard • pressed for good news imperial Tokyo headquarters trie to pass off Wednesday's great ai battle over Guadalcanal as a Jai anese victory, asserting Japanese planes shot down at least 32 Allied aircraft and sank eight Allied ships including a destroyer. The Tokyo command acknowledged the loss of 29 Japanese planes. By contrast, an American spokesman said the attacking Japanese air fleet of perhaps 120 planes inflicted damage on only two small freight ships, while U. S. fliers shot down a record toll of 77 Japanese planes with a loss of only six. Altogether, "a total of 1,414 Japanese planes have been shot down in the South Pacific since July 31, 1942, including 140 this month. Liberators Hit Docks at Naples, Comiso, Biscari —Africa Crew of 'Memphis Belle Arrives in U.S PRICE 5c COPY By NOLAND NORGAARD . Allied Headquarters in North Africa, June 18 — (/P) — United States Liberators flew from Middle East bases to bomb the Sicil- an airdromes at Comiso and Biscari by daylight yesterday after i night attack by Wellingtons of Lhc Northwest African Air Force on the Naples docks, it was announced today. (Nearly 50 Liberators, protected :iv Malln-bascd Spitfires during the attacks, dropped 125 tons of cxplosvios on the two airdromes, a Cairo dispatch said. The British fighters destroyed a Macchi-202. columns of black smoke arose as the raiders headed home.) Workshops, dispersal areas, a hangar and the runway of the Comiso Field were covered by explosive bursts, a Cairo commun- ique said. At Bicari, which lies a few miles from Comiso near the southeastern corner of the invasion threatened island, attacks were concentrated on the northeast axid northwest corners of the airdrome. Cannon and machine - gun fire from RAF long-range fighters was reported to have damaged an Axis, sailing vessel in the Aegean. The RAF Wellingtons dropped several two-ton blockbusters along the Naples waterfront and showered other explosives on the docks and railway yards of that Italian supply port before dawn yesterday. (The continued aerail pressure upon Italy and her guardian islands was accompanied by an announcement from Ankara that the Turkish - Syrian frontier had been reopened yesterday after 48 houvs in which only Allied diplomatic- and military personnel were permitted to cross. A British source in Ankara said the closing had t& "How do you do it?" asked the soldier. Said the marine: "You find yourself a fox-hole, crawl in it, then look around a while. Pretty soon you holler out , 'Hirohito is a so- and-so! 1 A Jap sticks his head up— and you knock him off." Several days later the two met again, and still the soldier had no medals. "How come?" asked the marine. "Well," said the soldier, "I did what you told me to, but it didn't work out right, I found a fox-hole, got in it, then peeked out and hollered 'Hirohito is a so-and-so!' A Jap jumped up, all right, but he hollered back, 'Roosevelt is a so- and-so!'—and, mister, I simply Couldn't shoot a fellow Republican. . . " Dispatches from a South Pacific base said the Japanese attack on Guadalcanal — the greatest raiding force ever sent against the American - occupied island—was apparently an attempt to cripple the base to forestall an Allied thrust to the north. Activity in the islands above Australia centered in New Guinea, where Gen. ; Douglas .MacArthur's bombers sank or damaged 20 Japanese barges in moonlight raids along the Japanese - occupied Huon peninsula last night. Four Jappanese planes attacked Allied forces .for the third straight day in the area 90 miles northwest of Lae, NeW Guinea, where Gen. MacArthur's vanguards have established positions flanking both the enemy bases at Lac and Sala- maua. Shults Well Drilling at 1,875 Feet Today Reports from Barnsdall Oil company's Brooks Shults No. 1, wildcat well on Red Lake, indicated operators were drilling at 1,875 feet today. The well was spudded in less than a week ago. It is located NE NE of Section 34-13-26. Crew of "Memphis Belle" greeted on arrival in Washington by Gen. Henry Arnold and Under Secretary of War, Robert Patterson. Front row (L-R) Sgt. Casimer Nastal, Detroit; Sgt. Clarence Winchell, Oak Park, III.; Sgt. Harold Loch, ; Green Bay; holding the mascot "Stuka"; Sgt. John Quinlan, Yonkers. Back row, (L-R) Sgt. Cecil Scott, Altoona, Pa.; Capt. James Verinis, New Haven, co-pilot; Patterson; Capt. Chas. Leighton, East Lansing, Mich., Navigator; Capt. Robert Morgan, Ashville, N. C., pilot; Cat. Vincent Evans, Henderson, Texas; bombadier: Gen, Arnold and Sgt. Robert Hanson, Garfield, Washington. NEA Service Telephoto Police to Clamp Down on Gambling The Hope Police Department took Lsteps today to clamp down on [marble machines and other gam- [bling devices in Hope. . I The department plans to take up land destroy all punchboards and |Jto stop "payoffs" on marble ma- hinos, starting today. Special varning was issued to machine pwners who have been allowing liners play the machines. • "We arc going to stop this petty gambling." Chief John Turner |tatcd, "it seems to me that youths yith surplus money could buy war pnds or stamps instead of throw- Jig it away where they know they Save no chance to win." E. N. Bacon Funeral Sunday at Smackover Funeral services for E. N. Bacon, former Hope electrician who died early this week at Phoenix, Ariz., arc to be held at the First Mcht- odist Church of Smackover at 2:30 p. m. Sunday. Burial will be at El Dorado. Annual Singing An annual singing program at Avery's Chapel, near Hope, will be held Sunday, June 27, W. E. Gla- herty, chairman, announced. All interested persons are invited to come and bring picnic baskets. |P1L GROUP TO MEET SI Dorado, June 18 I/I") The s»te Oil and Gas Commission will a special meeting here next incsday to hear three applica- >s. fhe Carter Oil Company is scek- ' authority to convert its W. P. No. 2 in the village pool olumbia county to a salt water psal well. on Oil Refining Comapny t ts approval of a voluntary zation of a 120 acre tract in IPorcheat - Macedonia field and prra Oil Company is seeking jjprity to unitize lands in the ifisville field extension of Co- ij.a County. Ration Calendar Ration Book No. 1 Coffee—Stamp No. 24, good for one pound, expires June 30. Sugar—Stamp No. 13, good for five pounds, expires "August 15. For canning, Stamps 15 and 16 good -for five pounds each. Shoes—Stamp No. 18 good for one pair through Oct. 31. Ration Book No. 2 Blue Stamps G, H and J, for canned and processed vegetables and fruits, expire June 7. Stamps K, L and M, good through July 7. Red Stamps J and K good through June 30. Red Stamp L becomes valid June C, good through June 30. Gasoline Stamps No, 6 of A-books good tor four gallons each until July 22. Navy Oil Deal With Standard Is Called Off Washington, Juno 18 — (/I') — A deal between the Navy and Standard Oil-of California for mutual development of the Elk Hills oil reserves was discarded today us ''illegal and "invalid." Secretary Knox emphasized however it had been executed ethically and in good faith. The contract, signed last December, had beervQriteiixcd sharply in both the House and Senate. Rep. Elliott (D-Calif.) whose district in eludes Elk Hills said the transaction had "something of the inkling of the Teapot Dome scandal of some years ago." Decision to terminate the contract was announced by Knox last night after Norman M. Littell, assistant attorney general, told • the House Public Lands committee the Navy had exceeded the authority granted it under a five-year-old oil conservation law, and the contract therefore was illegal and void. "The agreement to terminate the contract was due to the legal opinion of the Department of Jus- lice that the proposed arrangement exceeded the authority granted by the law," said Knox in p statement. He added that the Navy had sought by the pack to conserve oil for the fleet. President H. D. Collier of Standard Oil of California suirl the agreement "was fair to both parties and was in the public interest." He declared the company was anxious to cooperate with the Navy "in every way possible in serving the best interests of our country." First compliant, about, thp mn- tract was made in the House May 21 by Rep. Voorhis (D-Calif.) who said it would have given the company exclusive rights and privi- Continued on Page Four) been intended to screen troop movements in Syria from Axis agents. (The Berlin radio, perhaps fishing again for information, broadcast a dispatch reporting additional British and Indian troops had been moved to Cyprus. Axis sources say Americans are among the garrison of Cyprus, a potential base for invasion of the Balkans, Crete or the Dodecanese Islands.) Official sources gave no information on the results of the Naples raid, but said one bomber fired 200 rounds in driving off an enemy night fighter which attempted to intercept it. Heavy explosives had last been dropped on the Naples docks and industrial area by Wellington squadrons the night of June 1. RAF coastal air force Boaufight- crs shot down two Axis planes off the Algerian coast last night. Bad weather over the target areas halted the heavy daylight operations of Maj. Gen. James H. Doolittle's United States bombers for the second successive day and oiil.y patrolling the reconnaissance flights wore reported. Two Classes in Canning to Be Held in Hope ., The War Training Canning Schorl made possible by the State Department of Vocational Education will begin Monday, June 21, 9 a. m. at the high school and Oglesby. This program is sponsored by the Department of Vocational Education under the supervision of Mrs. Ruth Taylor Hannegan, home economics instructor of Hope High School. Anyone desiring the use of the 1 canning facilities at cither of these places are asked to come Monday morning. Bring, a limited amount of vegetables to be canned the first day. All vegetables and fruits are to be brought by the parties doing the canning. All jars and cans arc to be furnished by the individuals. The military term platoon origi natcd in the 18lh century. Sour Gas Conversion Plant Hears Completion at Stamps; Furnishes Fuel, Power, Sulphur By GLADYS MARTIN Special Correspondent Stumps, Ark., June 18.- -The McKamie gas distilate field's vast supply of "sour gas," long the subject of much controversy and discussion at various oil and gas meetings since its discovery in 1940, is at last nearing the lime when the spotlight of the oil industry will be centered on it to observe results of experimental work which culminated in the construction of the McKamie Gas Cleaning company's dcsulphurization and gasoline plant. Located eight miles south of Stamps in LuFayette county, the plant will gather and process the entire output of the McKamie gas field for ultimate use in various war industries in southern Ar kansas. The plant, which represents an investment of around $2,000,000, will be processing a gas which contains approximate!) 4,250 grains of hydrogen sulphide per 100 cubic feet—the sourest gas lluit has ever been cleaned o: hydrogen sulphide and made fi for use both commercially anc domestic. According to officials, construe tion has progressed to a poin where completion may be content plated during the month of August if the remaining undelivered pres sure vessels and critical material can maintain their schedule delivery. The McKamie field wells have been closed in since March this year, by order of the Arkansas RAF Batters Nazi Targets Over Channel Germans Lose Positions in Mtsensk Area House Gets Huge Measure Calling lor 71 Billions to —Washington By The Associated Press" ' * Washington, June 18—The ,House^ Appropriations committee fired a < financail broadside at the Axis today, sending to the floor a $71,510,- , 438,873 War. department supply bill to equip and maintain an Army of 7,500,000 enlisted men and black- L en enemy skies with warplanes by i the end of the year. Largest appropriation bill, in his- i tb'ry, it boosted to almost $200,000,- L ' 000,000 the War Deparmtent's e " ; funds since July 1, 1940, and to an * estimated $400,000,000,000 the outlay for defense and war purposes j since that date. And all the money V carried in the bill, Army officials'^" said, will be spent or obligated • > during the 12 months starting July < 1. '••'•'• "The decisive budget" was the label given the measure by Lieut. i Gen. Joseph T. McNarney, deputy - t chief of staff, during hearings on the bill. "These decisive dollars ^ will be translated into decisive strategic and tactcial .plans." t Commenting the bill carried more than three times the total utlay of the War Department during the entire first World War, the * ' committee said it was - "deter- , , mined that the armed forces shall , have every dollar essential for > f. the early attainment of an uncon-'-; i-", ditional surrender by all of the Axis powers." It shaved only $387,986,827 from ^ budget estimates, and left untouched the $23,655,481,000 csti- mate for the air corps. Vj "The cost is frightful," the com- , ,-, if* mittec observed. "rnnVwi • warfare <,*.•% 'Global warfare . and modern implementation is the 5» ! Moscow, June 18 (iP) German answer. ... Guns, tanks, airplane^'« efforts to recapture lost positions ammunition, chemicals and -Wjfr" northwest of Mtsensk, above the munitions of every kind and de Oil and Gas Commission, a wait in completion of the plant, since mi ions of gas was being waste Jaily in flares, endangering th ives of humans and animals in that area, because of its highly lethal character, coming in its natural state from the wells. Great Gathering Lines The work of the new plant will include gathering of gas from the ligh pressure separators, low pressure separators and stock tanks. This has necessitated laying three individual lines to each well in the London, June 18 — (IP) — The RAF arried its current offensive igainst Axis targets across the hanncl last night while the Gerrian Air Force dropped bombs in London and on a south coast town. Intruder planes ranging over inrthcrn France dropped their nightly packet of bombs on the airfield at Poix, near Amiens; pep- 3cred a speeding e-boat off tho Trench coast with bombs and can- ion fire, and shot up railway .rains and barges, the Air Minis- ,ry News Service said. One Mosquito pilot reported he relieved ho had hit an ammunition train standing at a station so lie went back and fired through the trainshcd, touching off more explosives. The forays were on a small scale compared with the attacks carried out during the last week on Dues- scldorf, Mucnslcr, Bochum, Ober- htuson and Colgone. Nazi raiders, meanwhile, ning at top speed and low over London rooftops, plopped down a single surprise bomb in a majoi street, wrecking a postofficc anc killing two persons. Two others were seriously injured and scvera were slightly hurt. The explosion sounded before any gunfire was heard and hundreds gathered to watch rescue vorkcrs extricate men and women trapped in the poslofficc shel- ;r. The postofficc fire, extinguished after several hours, gave London's civil defense workers their biggest est in months. Home guardsmen were among the injured. Three or more persons were <illcd in another raid on a south England coastal town, which Ber- Russian battlefront "Hinge" at Orel, have been smashed and the Red Army has inflicted heavy losses upon semi - trained Nazi reservists and rear - line troops thrown into the struggle, front line dispatches said today. The Soviet midnight communique _aid several German attacks in he area were repulsed yesterday nd enemy manpower and quip- ment were cut. The dispatches from the front quoted one German prisoner as admitting his division was composed entirely of reservists because all of the highly - trained regular groops had been killed. There were no important changes along the front, the midnight bulletin said, but it told of heavy punishment dealt Mogilev, a German - held river and rail base on the upper Dnieper, in a recent aid raid. A special Moscow broadcast declared long - range Russian bombers, continuing the offensive to smash Nazi war supplies, set 100 big fires in raids on German airdromes Wednesday night. (The Soviet noon communique as recorded in London by the Soviet scription are provided for in accordance with the department's recommendations," With the bill, the committee made public a letter from general George C. Marshall, chief of staff, asserting the funds provided Were 'necessary in order to carry 'On aggressive warfare around the globe" and to "hasten the destruction of the enemy." None of the high army officials who testified during the cdmmit- tee's hearings hazarded a guess as to how long it would take to de- radio monitor broadcast.said from a seven Moscow German field, comprising over 22 miles of pipe. The high pressure line will operate at approximately 600 pounds,- the low pressure at 50 pounds, and' the tank vapor lines from atmospheric to 10 pounds absolute. This gathering system in itself is unique for production in this area, in that it gathers all oi the gas that comes to the surface with the'distillate production from the n a t u r al reservoir, thereby eliminating to a minimum the verj great hazard of this hydrogen sul phide being vented in the fiek proper. me plant has been designed to process 3U to 35 million cubic feet of gas daily from the McKamie field alone. At the plant area, i 200 foot flare has been provided for the burning of the gas that may be necessary in operation of the plant. After the gas has been cleaned of hydrogen sulphide and stripped (Continued on Page Three) lin said was Jortsmoulh. The Berlin radio acknowledged Allied aircraft were over "Reich territory" last night, but did not say whether its reference was to Germany or occupied soil. An early report by Reuters from recording of u Rome broadcast quoted the Italian radio as saying Berlin was one of last night's targets, but later Reuters declared the Italians evidently were referring to an alert in the German capital the night before. Draft Board lists Two Delinquents Norman Knight and Willie Smith have been listed as delinquent by the Hempst.ead County Draft Board for failure to appear for physical examination. Both delinquents are given until June 21, at 10 a. m., to report to the local board. , bombers were shot down in the Leningrad area and that Russian artillery pounded German land forces and blockhouses along that front in last night's action. (Both the Germans and the Russians have said the other side intended to begin the summer offensive in the Orel region, explaining the continued land action both above and below the trongly-held German base which commands a wedge in the Russian positions. (The Germans asserted the Russians were massing troops before Orel and west of Kursk. (The German radio said Nazi bombers ranged eastward last night to attack "Soviet concentrations "at Astrakhan and to bomb armament plans on the lower Volga river. (Astrakhan is on the Capsian sea at the mouth of the Vogla river, 225 miles southeast of Stalingrad. (The Germans said four Soviet freighters totaling 11,000 tons were sunk, another medium - sized freighter was damaged and extensive fires were left burning in the attacks on the armament plants.) Opening Hours for Hempstead library The Hempstead County Library located in City Hall will open at 9 a. m. and close at 6 p. m. during the summer months according to an announcement by Miss Elsie (Continued on Page Three) Anti-Subsidy Group Makes New Proposals Washington, June 18 — (IP)— New anti-subsidy legislation .backed by, farm organizations today joined a parade of congressional proposals l aimed at thwarting administration plans to push prices down by paying the difference out of government funds. To subsidy opponents, already entrenched in positions ranging from a flat prohibition to limited payments, the latest offering provided a middle ground by forbid^ ding expansion of the present suhr sidy program, without congressional sanction. The measure was introduced in the house by Rep. Wolcott (R-> Mich.) to amend a bill extending the life of the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) so the agency'? funds could not be used for subi sidies. Meantime, Senator Gillette (D- Weisenberger, librarian. The library will continue to remain closed all day Wednesday. A number of new books, both fiction and non-fiction, have been added to the shelves of the libr.-u-y during the past month. Iowa) reported he is considering submission of an identical provis* ion to the Senate CCC bill. This measure presently contains a direct prohibition against subs payments to offset price reductions on food products but the Senate Banking Committee which approved it, said a more liberal sub- stiute for the anti-subsidy clause, will be offered on the floor. Gillette said the new proposal was supported by the National Cooperative Milk Producers Federation, the American Farm Bureau, the National Grange and similar groups, which had protested the government's subsidy program would ruin small producers and re? duce output of agricultural commodities. Organized labor has urged extension of the price - rollback program on butter, meats, coffee and fresh vegetables to most other commodities and enlargement of a, $450,000,000 subsidy to $2,000,000,000 to finance price cuts to April, 1942 levels. The alternative, labor representatives insisted, must be a relaxation of wage controls to meet higher living expenses. The range of opposition to subr sidies apparently assured a cony gressiona! floor fight.
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