Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on September 23, 1949 · Page 1
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Mason City, Iowa
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Friday, September 23, 1949
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE "THE. NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" HOME EDITION VOL. LV Associated Tress and United Preui Full Lease Wires (Five Cents a Copy) MASON CITY, IOWA, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1949 This Paper Consists of Two Sections— Section On« No. SOS Truman Tells of A-Bomb Blast in Russia '?""•"*- -,, AP Wirephoto A BUCK WILL GET YOU $1.10—Three unidentified men look at this sign that appeared in window of this Windsor, Ont., store reminding shoppers that every American dollar is'worth $1.10 in Canadian money under the new exchange rates which went into effect Tuesday. Similar signs appeared on other store fronts in an effort to lure Detroit shoppers. GOP Farm Meet Opens Party Heads Hit Brannan Support Plan Sioux City, (ff) — Republican leaders told farmers Friday that the Truman administration's Brannan farm plan was. "concocted by labor politicians" as a means of getting cheap food. If put into effect, they said; the plan would put farmers at the mercy'of an "uncertain government dole'? and the government dictation on production. Opening a 2-day farm confer-, erice -called, to get midwestern farmers' ideas on future farm programs, Chairman Guy G. Gabrielson of the GOP national committee and Rep. Hope of Kansas made the Brannan plan and its labor leader supporters their main targets. Out of the conference republicans hope to get recommendations that would help them regain farmer support which in last year's presidential election went to President Truman. Draw Contrasts Both Gabrielso'n and Hope—the latter ranking minority member of the house agriculture committee^-drew- contrasts between Truman administration and republican methods in trying to solve farmers' problems of surpluses and unstable prices and income. Referring to the Brannan plan, outlined last spring by Secretary of Agriculture Brannan in Washington and at a Des Moines farm meeting, Gabrielson said in a prepared speech: "We do not come to you here with a neatly packaged panacea for the ills which may afflict the farming industry., We do not bring something wrapped in rolls of red .tape, with the admonition that you must accept it because it has been worked out by all-wise supermen in Washington. Attributing authorship of the Brannan plan to labor leaders, Hope said neither farmers nor their organizations were consulted about it. Sales Talk "I am afraid," the Kansan added in a prepared speech, "the labor- politicians who concocted the plan have gotten their idea of the farmer from the funny papers and are laboring under the delusion that he would buy the Brooklyn bridge if a sufficiently clever line of sales talk were used." Conference ChairmanT Axel J. Beck of Elk Point, S. Dak., said democratic as well as republican farmers would be welcomed to give their views. The conference was billed as a you - tell - us - what - you - want gathering. Nevertheless, both Gabrielson and Hope went to considerable length to give republican party views on the farm problem. Both said the GOP favors farm price supports. But republicans, Hope said, ^ant a support program which would give the farmer his full "fair" return at the market place. By contrast, he said, the Bran- plan would reduce farm Beardsley Makes Farm Plan Suggestions at Sioux City Sioux City, (AP)—Gov. William S, Beardsley Friday asserted that problems arising from surpluses of most perishable farm products can "be met with self-regulation through production controls and improved marketing methods." Beardsley, speaking, he said, "as a farmer who lives on "*the land," made 4 farm program suggestions at the prices and require farmers to depend on government subsidies for such a return. BUTLER THINKS REDS HAVE NO A-BOMB Sioux City, (U.R)—President Truman's announcement that an atomic explosion has occurred in Russia dropped like an atomic bomb on the republican midwest farm conference here Friday. Senator Hugh Butler, (R-Nebr.), said "I don't believe it." He said he suspected it was "more Russian propaganda, designed to scare us." Butler said he still favored army control of atomic secrets. But Senator George D. .Aiken, (R- Vt.), said he has felt all along that all of the major nations in the world have had the know-how of atomic energy. He said he doesn't see how the president's announcement will require any change in the present atomic setup. Vishinsky in Plea for Peace Pact Makes No Mention of Atom Bomb in Speech Before UN New York, (/P)—Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Y. Vishinsky called on the Big 5 powers Friday to conclude a peace pact among themselves. He made no mention of an atomic explosion in the Soviet Union in his general policy address to the United Nations assembly. Vishinsky prefaced his peace proposal with his usual slashing attack on the western powers. He charged the United States and Britain are leading plans lor an aggressive war. Makes Proposal Then he introduced a formal resolution by which the assembly would express the desire for Russia, the United States, Britain, China and France to conclude a peace pact among themselves. Vishinsky said not a word about President Truman's announcement in Washington that there is evidence of an atomic explosion in the Soviet Union. He also took no notice of a declaration by Secretary of State Dean Acheson that the United States had expected such an atomic development and had no plans to change policy because of it. Acheson held a news conference just before Vishinsky spoke. Speech a "Let-Down" The Vishinsky speech was far less fiery than his "war-monger" blast in the 1947 assembly which provoked boos from the gallery. It represented a let-down for many delegates who had expected some word on the atomic developments. The speech was one of the shortest major efforts in Vishinsky's career. It was the first speech delegates recalled that he had ended on such a peaceful note. AP Wirephoto JOHNSON QUESTIONED ON ATOMICJ BOMB—Secre- tary'of Defense Louis Johnson holds his jaw as he is questioned by white house newsmen after leaving a cabinet meeting Friday at which President Truman said an atomic explosion occurred in recent weeks in Russia. President Holds Cabinet Session Washington, (AP)—The United States \ has evidence of a recent atomic explosion in Russia—news indicating the communists at long last have learned to make an A-bomb. President Truman disclosed this in a statement Friday. He then held an hour-long session with his cabinet about it. Mr. Truman said the development emphasizes the necessity for "truly effective, enforcable international control of atomic energy." The United States has sought that through the United Nations, but has been unable to get together with Russia on how it should, be carried out. With a note of reassurance to the American people, the president said the probability that some other nation might develop an atomic bomb "has always been taken into account by us." , Quickly after the white house announcement came word from the British government in London that it also has evi- *dence of an atomic explosion f\ I • * • LA in Russia. ' A British state- Radiation May Be Clue to Atom Blast Washington, (/P)—The evidence of an atomic explosion in Russia probably was picked up by radi- U. S. Loses A-Bomb Monopoly But Still Ahead of Russia Washington, (AP)—The United States has lost its monopoly on atomic weapons but is still 4 years and many accomplishments ahead of the Russians. Those are the standout facts in estimates by the best informed government officials of the impact from "Russia's atomic explosion on the balance of power between Russia LOWELL THOMAS HURT New York, (/P)—Lowell Thomas, 57, author, newscaster and travel- ler, was seriously injured when thrown from a horse in a steep mountain pass in the Himalayas, his office said Friday. Weather Report FORECAST Mason City: Clear Friday night with frost in exposed locations. Low Friday night 32 to 34. Warmer Saturday with high 76. Iowa: Fair and cool Friday night with frost most sections Friday night. Saturday mostly fair, not so cool west portion. Low Friday night 35 north, 35-40 south. Iowa 5-Day Weather Outlook— Temperatures will average near normal for the next 5 days. Normal high 68 to 72, normal low 45 to 49. Not so cool west portion Saturday. Warmer Sunday and Monday. Turning cooler Tuesday. A few scattered showers about Tuesday, rainfall amounting to less than 1/10 inch. Minnesota: Fair and cool Friday night with moderate to heavy frost east and central portions. Saturday fair and warmer. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics of the 24 hours ending at 8 a. m. Friday: G.O.P. national farm conference here. The Iowa governor, who operates 900 acres of farm land near New Virginia, said that any farm program should be free from all political interference and implications. "Second, we must recognize," he asserted, "that the midwest farmer does not come as a supplicant with a tin cup in hand, but comes proudly, earnestly suggesting that he is entitled to his place in the same sun that shines so brightly upon his fields." The governor's 3rd suggestion was that the farm program should be a part of a general soil conservation program. His ,4th point was that the conference should work for a long-range program that is sufficiently flexible to allow for all the variable factors which affect agricultural production and the prices of farm commodities. "I do not believe that over a long-range period of years, we will have any appreciable surplus of non-perishable commodities,", he declared. "The problems that prevail with most perishable farm products can, and should, be met with self-regulation through production controls and improved marketing methods." Beardsley said the purpose of the conference was not only to treat with problems of agriculture, but the means of maintaining a sound, stable, progressive economy. "For if' we are to maintain a sound economy in this country of ours we must meet 2 vital requirements," he said. "First, a total national income of at least $200,000,000,000 a year. Secor"*, we must have, in all avenues of human endeavor, at least 60,000,000 persons Blackmer to Plead Guilty in Tax Case Washington, (/P) —A justice department ofifcial said Friday that Henry M. Blackmer will settle his score with the government by a guilty plea to one of the 21-year- old evasion indictments standing against him. The government will then drop the 5 other indictments, charging tax evasion and perjury, this official said. The action, if carried out, would subject the 81-year-old Denver millionaire, who has been in exile in Europe for the last 25 years, to a possible prison term of one year and a fine of $5,000. Blackmer, who fled to France to avoid testifying at congressional investigations into the Teapot Dome oil scandals of the Harding administration, arrived in Boston by plane 2 days ago. He entered a hospital there for a physical checkup before going on to his home in Denver. Justice department sources here said he will ai-rive in Denver Saturday to surrender to a United States marshal and begin proceedings to dispose of the old indictments against him there. gainfully employed." Maximum Minimum At 8 a. m. YEAR AGO: Maximum Minimum 71 36 44 63 45 lowans Are Warned of Frost Threat .Des Moinrs, (U.R)—lowans were warned Friday 'to prepare for frost Friday night following the movement of cool air into the state Thursday night. The weather bureau said the •frost will be heavy in the northeast and scattered light frost will occur in the south and west portions of the state. The low Friday night will range from 32 in the northeast to 35 in the southwest. Saturday's highs are expected to be near 80. VA Pays ISC $1 ,'009,712 Des Moines, (/P)—The veterans administration has paid Iowa State college $1,009,712 in partial settlement of claims for the-education of GI students in 1948-49, the VA said Friday. The payment was made in 2 installments—one of $502,352 last March and another of $506,757 last June. The payments were in the form of 75 per cent advances to the college pending completion of new contracts now being worked ou' between the government and the college. The contracts are for both the school years 1948-49 and 194950. Resumption of the payments followed a dispute between the college and the government's general accounting office. It resulted in payments to the college being stopped Sept. 15,. 1948. and the United States. State department officials generally took the line that they did not believe'the-danger-of war is either increased or decreased by the evidence that Russia has made at least one atomic bomb. Some diplomats, in fact, speculated that Russia, having ended much of the disparity between itself and the United States, might now possibly be - more ready to make a serious effort to establish a workable plan of international atomic energy control. No Policy Change In any case, officials said, President Truman's announcement of the soviet atomic explosion does not foreshadow any change in American atomic policy or general foreign policy. On the contrary, it was said, American policy has been worked out on the assumption that the Soviets would get the bomb sooner or later. It appears that the explosion took place somewhat sooner than the American experts had figured but possibly not a great deal. Why President Truman- chose to announce it at this time was one of the subjects on which authorities would only speculate. 1st to preak News It was possible that he wanted to be the first to break the news and did mot want to risk an an- ouncement by soviet Foreign /[inister Vishinsky at the United Nations. ., Another point on which respon- ible informants would offer no omment was how the United itates obtained possession of the vidence of the atomic explosion. ?he president's top advisors, it jvas learned, however, consider the evidence conclusive. At a minimum it shows that Russia had manufactured a quan- ity of atomic material sufficient o create a considerable explosion and that the Soviets therefore enow how to make, the materials. See No Stockpile At a maximum, it indicates that the Soviets have manufactured an atomic bomb capable of being lauled about and dropped on a target and that they deliberately set it off for test "purposes. The experts reason that it is unlikely that the Russians have accumulated a stockpile of atomic material or that they made much more than one bomb. For this reason considerable emphasis was given here to the progress which has already been chalked up in atomic research and manufacture in the United States. Repeats Need for Control of A-Bomb New York, (/P)— U. N. Secretary-General Trygve Lie said Friday President Truman's announcement shows more than ever the need for international agreement on atomic energy. Informed that Mr. Truman had announced the 'United States has evidence an atomic explosion in the Soviet Union, Lie made this comment: "If it is true that they have the atomic bomb it shows how indispensable international agreement is." The T r u m a n announcement created a stir in the 59-nation assembly. The highest U. N. officials first learned of the president's statements in the assembly. Reporters sent a note with the news to Assembly President Carlos P. Romulo on the rostrum of the big hall in Flushing Meadow Park. Lie, sitting beside him, left the dais after the note arrived. ation-detection instruments — or just possibly by earthquake recording devices. While neither President Truman nor the atomjc energy commission offers an-explanation of how the U. S. got wind of the explosion reported by the white house these are known facts: . 1. Atomic scientists have instruments, such as geiger counters, for spotting rays coming from the ground or in the atmosphere. But how far radiation from an atomic explosion can 'be detected has never been made public. Tri'ere never have been any official reports as to whether rays from the Japanese bomb bursts or the Bikini tests ever were picked up in this or other countries. 2. Earthquake-recording instruments called "seismographs" are able to record disturbances in the earth's crust. But this must be remembered: An atomic .bomb ex- 'pI'psiorT doesn't begin 'to compare with the energy of an earthquake. Thus, if seismographs actually did record evidence of an explosion m Russia, they necessarily would have had to be quite close to the scene. Detection by radiation-spotting instrumnets is by far the most likely possibility. Conceivably— although there is no official word to back this—airplanes bearing such devices might have been operating close to Russian territory. If so, airborne particles of radioactive dust might have come within the range of these instruments. ment was promised later. In Washington,' the word swept swiftly around government departments and through congress. At the Pentagon—headquarters'of the military services—there were signs of some excitement, but no officials would discuss the matter. Nothing to Say A spokesman for the atomic energy commssion, in reply to queries, said: "We have nothing to say." ' Reporters pressed Secretary of Defense Johnson for more information -when he left the cabinet meeting. "Have we made any change in the disposition of our forces since this happened?" a reporter asked. "No," Johnson replied. "Does the cabinet know any more about this than it contained in the president's statements?" "The cabinet knows all about it," Johnson said. "It was fully informed." "Do Declines Reply you have Rest Case in Conspiracy Trial of Reds New York, (U.R)—The defense rested Friday in the conspiracy trial of 11 top U. S. communists. It was the 158th day of the trial which has cost taxpayers an average of $1,000 a day. Federal Judge Harold R. Medina dismissed the jury until Oct. 4, explaining that there would be no proceedings in the meantime that would require its presence. He ad- ourned the trial until Sept. 28 at which time he will hear motions GETS DRUGGIST POST New, York — John S. Veenker, Northwood, Iowa, was elected a vice-president of the National Association of Retail Druggists Thursday, BANK PRESIDENT QUITS Boone, (tf 1 )—R. H. Barber, president of the Citizens National bank here since 1935, announced his resignation Thursday. Barber, who came here from Kearney, Nebr., will be succeeded by Elmer E. Wcimer, cashier since 1937. SAME DATE—1948—370 <Whlt« fUf mrnnn no trufflo dcalhi !• past 2i hovra) y both sides. Medina told the defense and prosecution attorneys to give him a memorandum by Sept. 27 on points they warjt included in his charge to the jury. When the jury returns, the government and defense will make their final summations. The jury is expected to start deliberations in about 2 weeks on the government's charge that the 11 communist leaders conspired to teach and advocate the use of force for the overthrow of the U. S. government. Says Fetters Was Insane Washington, (/P)—A University of Iowa doctor told a district court jury Friday that in his opinion Oscar Fetters, 63, was insane at the time of the fatal shooting for which he is being tried. The witness was Dr. P. E. Huston, a member of the University's medical college faculty. for 10 years. He stuck to his testimony despite attempts by County Attorney Paul V. Shearer to break it down. Testifying for the defense, Dr. Huston was given a synopsis of the case. Fetters was charged 35 years ago with the. slaying of Hugh Dougall, Sr., on Sept. 9, 1914. However, he was committed to the insane ward of the Anamosa reformatory before he could be tried. He was released from the institution this year as "mentally restored." Dr. Huston then was asked if he considered Fetters was insane at the time of the shooting. The doctor said he did. The witness added that Fetters was not capable of dealing at that time in a rational way. Shearer insisted that Fetters knew what he was doing at the time because, the county' attorney said, Fetters gave himself up and turned in a gun to authorities. Dr. Huston then testified that because of the type of insanity that in his opinion Fetters had, Fetters would have the sense of right and wrong at times. The doctor also said that in that type of insanity it is common for the patient to recover. He said such patients do so in 15 to 20 per cent of the case, without any treatment. reason to believe this was the first atomic explosion in Russia?" Johnson was asked. He smiled, shook his head, and refused to answer. At the capitol, > Senator, McMahon (D.-Conn.), chairman, of the joint congressional committee on atomic energy, called a meeting of the committee behind closed doors. In a senate speech only Thursday, McMahon said- that if Russia had the atomic bomb she could send the bombs to American ports on tramp steamers and blow up 35,000,000 people. There was no official hint as to how the United States' obtained its evidence of the atomic explosion in Russia. But it is known that American scientists have been ready with delicate instruments for months to record an ,atomic explosion anywhere in the world. Truman Message "I believe the American people, to the fullest extent consistent with national security, are entitled to be informed of all developments in the field of- atomic energy. That is my reason for making public the following information. "We have evidence that within recent weeks an atomic explosion occurred in the U. S. S. R. "Ever since atomic energy was_ first released by man, the -eventual development of this new force by other nations was to be expected. This probability has always been taken into account by President to Review 82nd Airborne Troops Washington, (/P)—P resident Truman will fly to Fort. Bragg, N. Car., Oct. 4 to review troops and witness parachute maneuvers of the 82nd airborne division. Presidential Press Secretary Charles G. Ross said Friday that Mr. Trurnan will leave Washington in the plane, "Independence." It is about one hour and 15 minutes flight to Ft. Bragg. Mr. Truman plans to return to Washington that evening. us. "Nearly 4 years ago I pointed out that 'scientific opinion appears to be practically unanimous that the essential theoretical knowledge upon which the discovery is based is already widely known. There is also substantial agreement that foreign research can come abreast of our present theoretical knowledge in time, and, in the 3-nation declaration of the president of .the United States and the prime ministers of the United Kingdom and of Canada, dated Nov. 15, 1945, it was emphasized that no single nation could in fact have a monopoly of atomic weapons. "This recent development emphasizes once again, if indeed such emphasis were needed, the necessity for that truly effective enforcible international control of atomic energy which this government and the large majority of the members of the United Nations support." Luther Student Dies of Polio Iowa City, (^P)—Arthur Moe, 21, of Chicago, died at University hospitals here Friday of polio. Moe, a senior student at Luther college, Decorah, was taken to Iowa City Monday. A brother, Larrie, is a freshman student at Luther, and a Bister, Mrs. Robert Jacobson, is the wife of a member of the college staff . Funeral services will be held in Chicago Monday. FEPC Measure Out of Committee With No Recommendation Washington, (U.R) — Th e sen ate labor committee voted Friday to report the administration's fair employment practice bill without recommendation atfer a motion to report it favorably failed on a tie vote. The action was disclosed by Senator Hubert H. Humphrey, D_ Minn., who left the meeting Nearly. He also disclosed that Senator Robert A. Taft's substitute bill to create a fair employment practices commission without enforce. ment powers was rejected, 7 to 3,

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