r Small Powers Press Thant for U.N. Action UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (AP)i He demanded that the council •Britain and Venezuela today take action to halt the shipment threw their support behind the of offensive weapons and to dis- U.S. military quarantine of Cuba ; mantle the missile bases already as Acting U.N. Secretary-General j built. U Thant weighed a small nation' appeal that he intervene in an attempt to head off a U.S. Soviet showdown. A committee representing 45 countries from all parts of the world called on Thant this morning and requested him to seek a standstill pending a negotiated settlement. He was reported to "It is sufficient," he said, "that these weapons are now in the hands of the nuclear powers themselves, and we cannot accept that they be handed* over to the only Communist state in the Americas." British Delegate Sir Patrick Dean accused the Soviet Union of 'calculated double dealing" and Garden City Telegram Vol. 33 GARDEN CITY, KANSAS, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 24, 1962 16 Pages No. 303 have told the group he would con- j declared this is bound to cast sider the appeal. doubt on any statements issued Ambassador Zenon Rossides of by the Russians. Cyprus, chairman of the group, said; Thant indicated he might address the 11-nation Seccrtty Council later in the day. The small countries were called into another session to hear the committee report and to consider a possible resolution for the council. Inside the council chamber, Venezuelan Ambassador Carlos Sosa-Rodriguez declare'd the Soviet weapons in Cuba were no longer defensive but were a threat to the entire hemisphere. He said the stationing of Soviet missiles in Cuba affects the whole security of the Western Hemisphere and cannot be tolerated. Convinced that the council would wind up in a deadlock over opposing U.S. and Soviet resolutions, the small powers delegated Ghana, the United Araib Republic and Cyprus to ask Thant to intervene. Many of the small nations wanted to call directly on President Kennedy to lift his arms quaran- tine of Cuba, but it wa s decided instead to address the appeal in general terms. Considerable doubt was felt that the United States, having ordered its warships to halt all vessels in Cuban waters, would pay any attention to an appeal addressed only to it. The group—made up of nations from Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America—was hopeful that a general appeal to the United States, the Soviet Union and Cuba might ease the situation- Some observers viewed the small nation action as a sign that the United State s might not get the support it hopes for if it takes its case to the 109-naltipn General Assembly. Many nations which strongly oppose 'both Cuiba and the Soviet Union feel a blockade is too drastic a move and ris>k s a head-on collision between the United States and the Soviet Union. U.S. Delegate Adlai E. Steven son urged the 11-natlon Security Council to act at once before the Soviets swallow up the world piecemeal. High Seas Showdown Near garden— ing Remarks heard while getting straw votes which shake a guy's faith in the democratic process: "Why should I mark a ballot. I haven't voted in the 77 years I've lived and see no reason to start now." "Don't see any need to vote. There aren't any people on the ballot worth voting for." "I don't know anything about those guys on the ballot so why should I vote." "Breeding and Dole? Never heard of 'em. Frank Carlson? Who's he?" "I run a liquor store and can't vote-" (This isn't true.) "I don't vote. I have to work for a living and don't have time." "Sorry, but you will hav e to .ask my husband. He does the voting in our family." "What election?" * * * This doesn't guarantee the accuracy of the straw vote, but shows some consistency. During the straw balloting for the August primary, those taking part were asked to indicate how they planned to votj in the Breeding-Dole race in November. At Liberal, Breeding edged Dole 64-63 in the primary poll. Yesterday, it came out 79 to 78 in favor of Dole. This should indicate the equal strength the candidates have hi Seward County. * * * The threat of war over Cuba had an effect on at least one person asked to take part in the poll. He said he normally didn't care to mark any ballots until election day, but marked one yesterday. "I may not be around in two weeks to vote." While the news should be sufficient to make local citizens aware of the crisis around Cuba, there are some other things going on in our locality widen bring it even closer to home. At the airport, the Federal Aviation Agency has been put on a defense alert which include several emergency measures as GOP Maintains Straw Poll Pace Republicans continue to lead the balloting in the straw vote over Kansas' First District. Despite polling the home county and area of Cong. J. Floyd Breeding, his GOP opponent Bob Dole continued to command almost a 3-2 lead. With results from 35 of the undecided ballots in this race. It was a similar story in the governor's race, with Gov. John Anderson holding a 1,439 to 909 lead over his Democrat opponent Dale Saffels. Saffels was expected to gain some today with balloting in his 'home county of Finney. district's 58 counties, Dole had Both Sen. Frank Carlson and gathered 1,428 votes to Breed- Sen. James Pearson, Republican ing's 1,020. There have been 211 incumbents, held wide margins —— over their Democrat opponents. Carlson led 1,709 to 587 over Ken Smith, while Pearson held a 1,433 to 752 lead over Paul Aylward. Breeding came through in his home county of Morton with a 24-11 advantage over Dole, and in Ford County (Dodge City) had a 108-89 lead. He also had a 1713 lead in Haskell County. But he trailed in all other counties polled yesterday, including Seward Liberal) where Dole squeaked through 79-78, and Stevens (Hugoton) where Dole had a slim 22-20 advantage. Balloting is to continue through tomorrow, when the "big ones" — Reno and Saline — will be polled. Saffels, led In only two counties yesterday — Morton and Gray. Although the poll is indicative of how the First District will vote in the governor's race, the metropolitan areas of Wichita, Topeka and Kansas City will have the major infuence in this race. Results of the counties in the Telegram area canvassed yesterday: Haskell: Breeding 17, Dole 13, Undecided 3; Anderson 12, Saffels 19, Undecided 2. Stevens: Breeding 20, Dole 22 , Undecided 3; Anderson 30, Saffels 15, Undecided 0. Morton: Breeding 24, Dole 11, Undecided 2; Anderson 14, Saffels 16, Undecided 17. Perry Smith Given Stay A federal court hearing was set for next Tuesday morning on a habeas corpus petition filed by Perry Edward Smith, under sentence to hang for the slaying of four members of the Herbert Clutter family near Garden City three years ago. Filing of Hie petition led to the granting of a stay of execution by Judge Arthur J. Stanley Jr. Smith and Richard Eugene Hickock, convicted with him, were scheduled to die Thursday at the Kansas Penitentiary. Hickock filed a similar petition earlier and received a stay of execution. His petition was denied but, Judge Stanley continued the stsy of execution in effect until his attorney has time to appeal to the Supreme Court in Washington. Similar action presumably will be taken in Smith's case. They contend they were not given a fair trial. Soviet Returns Proclamation No Reports of Any Ship Interception Yet WASHINGTON (AP) — The United States and thd Soviet Communists approached an armed showdown on the high seas at midmorning today, as Soviet cargo ships plowed toward Cuba and American navafl power converged on them. At 12:30 p.m. (EST), with the quarantine officially in effect for 3 ] /2 hours, the Defense Department said it had no reports of interception of any ships. The department also said it had no report thalt any of the Cuba-bound Russian ships had changed their course. Strung out along the approaches to Cuba were an estimated 25 Soviet ships. Some of them quite possibly were carry ing offensive weapons to the Cuban Commuitfst ally — | a movement which President Kennedy says must be stopped. At 9 a.m. Eastern Standard Time, Kennedy's quarantine went into effect and the historic moment was at land. The first warships headed in toward the first S6- iet cargo ships. A few hours before, the Nlavy had broadcast radio warnings to all shipping to stand clear of the area, that t could become dangerous. There was a report that Soviet. Embassy officials here were claiming tihat no Soviet ship would heed the stop signal of any U.S. warship. Cuba's Fidel Castro saw the quarantine as an act of war and Moscow took a grave and angry view. Telegrai Photo IT WAS MIGHTY CHILLY in Garden City this morning, and it's due to get colder. R. W. Lange, N. Center, was one of many motorists checking today to make sure their autos were ready lor forthcoming offerings of old man winter. Commission Sets 'Get Tough'Policy On Unsightly Property Points and E. Kansas east of Center which have been brought into the city limits. 4 — Granted the Chamber of Commerce permission to install Season's Low Recorded Here Bulletin MOSCOW (AP) — Premier (Krushchev, commenting on the U.S. arms blockade, said today the Soviet Union wll take no reek- ess decisions nor 'be provoked »y unwarranted actions of the United States. "We will do everything in our power to prevent war from breaking out," he said in a message to the British philosopher, Bertrand Russel, who had sent Khrushchev a plea for Soviet efforts to avoid • nuclear war. At the same time Khrushchev suggested a summit meeting. He expressed belief that a "meeting at the highest level would be useful to discuss all questions that have arisen and to eliminate the threat of nuclear war." Get out" the lonigh.°.ndle.s. Stoke up the fire. Put in the antifreeze. It's getting chilly. Temperatures here this morning plunged to a nippy 35 degrees, coldest of the fall season. . , , , XT „, , c i The cold snap lasted only a to be turned on Nov. 24, and for , few ^^ however _ and by City Commissioners this morning ordered a "get tough" policy on some properties in the city which are unsightly, rat-infested and bringing protests from neighboring property owners. City Manager Deane Wiley and jow jiuuis Jjuvvcvci . _ ntlu UJ City Attorney Lloyd Haag were I the annual Christmas parade on noon the r g ading was , wa rmish urged to prosecute to the full ex- the morning of Dec. 1. Also, per- Degrees a'gain The 35 reading occurred at 7 tent of the law in an effort to 'get mission was given for band per- the properties clean up. Wiley formances in certain downtown told of two which are harboring large rats, and these rodents were getting into adjoining properties. Commissioners recommended filing charges against the owners in whatever court necessary, and to continue doing this until the locations are clfeaned up. areas on the afternoon of the parade 5 — Approved renewing the insurance coverage on the contents of the new airport administration building. 6 — Granted Central Airlines permission to rent an empty ofSeward: Breeding 78, Dole 79, An a pp are nt low bid of $1,345 ^9 s P ac e at the adminstration Undecided 12; Anderson 97, Saf-1 submitted &y the Nolan Motor ! building to be used as a lounge • iv.Tr__i • i _ i •• rt !_ .. - ' TAX 4 It n A**AK* n.C *lt n «Ai r n ! t*l i no MOSCOW (AP) —The Soviet Foreign Ministry today sent back well as precautions put in force , to the U.S. Embassy a copy of fels 56, Undecided 16. Lane : Breeding 14, Dole 16, Undecided 2; Anderson 15, Saffels 11, Undecided 6. Co. was accepted this a.m. today. Here's the hour-by- hour reading, starting at midnight: Midnight — 39; 1 a.m. — 39; 2 a.m. — 38; 3 a.m. — 41; 4 a.m. — 39; 5 a.m. — 37; 6 a.m. — 36; 7 a.im. — 35; 8 a.m. — 37; 9 a.m. — 44; 10 a.m. — 49; 11 a.m. — 55; Noon — 60. Previous low reading this fall was on September 10, when the morning • for the" crew of the new airline | mercury dipped to 37 at 6 a.m. •hi* nripp i fl 'ght which will arrive in Gar- j Low reading yesterday was 39 against possible sabotage. Tfie Weather Fair to partly cloudy tonight and Thursday; warmer Thursday; lows tonight 35-40 with scattered areas light frost; highs Thursday in the 60s; winds westerly 10-20 mph decreasing tonight. President Kennedy's proclamation of an arms quarantine against Cuba, the Soviet news agency Tass reported. The embassy had delivered the document to the Foreign Ministry this morning. decided 1; 21, Undecided 5. Ford: Breeding 108, Dole 89; Undecided 12; Anderson 105, Saffels 85, Undecided 19. Cuban Airliner Checked, for a new police car. This price . . . , included a trade-in allowance of I den City after midnight and de- I $1..531.15 for a 1961 Plymouth j P art about 5:3 ° a - m 7 —Approved the police judge's report for January through Aug- Gray: Breeding 20, Dole 25, Un- j mw being used b the police dc . •- - - Anderson 20, Saffels The Tass account did not give i Cleared by Canadians any reason for the ru. n of the document but it said: OTTAWA (AP)--Canadian offi- partment, and a tax deduction of, $203.50 from a list price of $3,079.65. The bid was for a 1963 Biscayne model Chervolet sedan. Other bids were received from the Walters Motor Co. with a net price of $1,487.50, and from the Burtis Motor Co. with a net bid of $1,570. A bid letting for the surfacing Sunrise: 7:06* Sun.-iftt: 5:49 Max, Mln. Free. 66 39 ... 73 44 "The Soviet government pointed cials cleared a Cuban airliner to of tne mun i c jp a i parking lot at " ' - ! continue a flight to Havana today j 6th and pine) across nor thwest Akron LaJunta 73 Dodge City 61 :i7 Emporia 5fi 42 Trace GARDEN CITY 52 :!6 Goodland 47 HO Hill City 51 36 out in its statement of Oct. 23 that these aggressive measures constitute a crude viol, ticn of international law, the United Na- with two East German missile experts and five Czech technicians. The plane had landed at tions charter and a threat to uni-; Goose Bay, Labrador, for refuel- versal peace." i ing. Congressional Leaders Accept Grim Prospect WASHINGTON (AP) ~ Congressional leaders grimly accepted today the prospect that full scale military action may be needed to bade President Kennedy's move aimed at wiping out the Cuban missile threat to the Western Hemisphere. Without exception, party leaders scheduled to confer with Kennedy late today on the crisis made it ber who sat in on the meeting reported today. "But the decision had been made before we were called," he added. He said, however, that there still is a possibility of an armed invasion of Cuba, if the arms quarantine is not effective. Another Hous e member said he did not get the impression that clear they recognized thj risk of there was any strong insistence on nuclear war is great. They are an invasion, willing to take it. Some of them expect a preliminary showdown with the Soviet Union in the shipping lane s almost momentarily. Others believe that if the President's demand for dismantling of Soviet controlled missile bases in Cuba is flouted, massive military action to take them over might come later. Strong sentiment for an imme- "There was a lot of talk about alternatives," he said. "We batted everything around, and it was obvious that the President also had considered other possibilities'; but, when it was all over, it was generally agreed that the course decided on was the best one to take." Neither informant would allow himself to be identified Douglas Dillon. Dillon told a meeting of Latin American finance ministers in Mexico City Tuesday that if offensive preparations on the island are not halted immediately "further action will be fully justified." Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey of Minnesota, deputy Democratic Senate leader, told reporters that, come what may, the United States "is not going to tolerate what they have in missiles already or any expansion of them." 1 Humphrey said that in White House meetings he had attended there had been no time limit set on Kennedy's demand for removal of the bases. Senate Democratic Leader Mike from the new po^t office, has been set for 9 a.m". Friday, Nov. 2. The city engineer completed plans and specifications this week. On the basis of a petition with sufficient signatures, the commission instructed the city attorney to set a hearing date for the rezoning of a corner lot at 9th and Moore from U-l residential to U-2. Petitioning for the change is Mrs. Don Eastman who wants to operate a beauty shop in her home at that location. A hearing date is expected to be set within the next 30 days, and the hearing publicized. In other action this morning, tlie commissioners: 1 —Passed ordinance to extend C Street from the drainage ditch north to Fair, and to widen Johnson street at its intersection with "B". 2 — Approved the recommendation of the Planning Commission to vacate a 50-foot unopened street which runs for a half- block west of Hattie about midway between Olive and Moore. ;i _ Approved a contract with the State Highway Commission designating certain city streets ust. 8 — Granted permission for the Knights of Columbus to stage a turkey shoot on the old municipal airport. Garden Sass Gus Garden says he agrees it's time to quit "fideling" around with Russia. at midnight Monday. Rain and possibly light snow were forecast for the area last niight, but clouds moved out. Light frost covered cars here this morning. Kansas Traffic Log TOPEKA (AP)—Kansas traffic death log: 24 hours to 9 a.m. Wednesday 1_ For October—36. For 1962—468. Comparable 1901 pu'iod—•438. For more than a year the tension between the United States and Culba had mounted. Then on Monday night, Kennedy made his move, announcing a quarantine with the clamp on offensive arms shipments into Cuba. He was accepting tlhe fact that anything might happen as a result. The Defense Department made public aerial reconnaissance photographs which it said proved the charge that the Soviet Union was installing or has installed ballistic missiles, almost certainly with nuclear warheads, on Cuban sites. The Defense Department kept secrecy on the total of Navy ships and planes assigned to the quarantine operation and on the pre cise areas in which they were operating. All indications pointed to a force of a size and type which seemed more than ample for the job. Obviously, the preparations were for events even more far-reaching than stopping merchantmen at sea, which might flare up from this first action. The Washington Post said Soviet military attaches were spreading the word at a Soviet Embassy reception Tuesday night that Soviet ships steaming toward Ouiba are under orders not to be stopped or searched. Soviet Ambassador Anatoly Dobrynin .declined to refute the statements- Speaking of an assistant naval attache who had made the remark, Dobryndn said} 'He is the one who knows whjit the Navy is going to do, not-I." Kennedy signed a proclamation Tuesday night formally invoking the quarantine against offensive weapons — an-act he said t^^f needed to defend the security of the United States. Ten minutes later, Secretary "of Defense Robert S. McNamaraj- sent the Navy's Task Force^iSS its formal orders to halt all ships headed for Cuba, to examine their cargoes and turn away anry vessels—Soviet or other nationality-^ Eound to be carrying missiles, bombs, bom!ber s and other weapons that could menace the United States or Latin-American nations. The blockaders—already poised aicross the Atlantic—were told to use the minimum amount of force necessary to enforce the ban but skippers were given full authority to bring into play "whatever fortti is required." Clearly, this meant sinking Soviet vessels, if necessary. Shortly after Issuing these orders, McNamara announced he had extended the enlistments atjd duty tours of all Navy and Marine officers and enlisted men for up to 12 months. This is intended to provide the necessary manpower for the blockade and reinforcement of the U.S. naval base at Guantanamo Bay in Cuba. Turkish Army Cancels Leaves ISTANBUL, Turkey (AP)—Th« Turkish army was reported today to have canceled all leaves for units in the eastern sector, along the border with the Soviet Union. Premier Ismet Inonu called another Cabinet meeting to dis- cu.i the Cuban situation, but there has been no official announcement on the stand Turkey will take. Studded with American and North Atlantic Treaty Organization missile bases, Turkey would be in the vanquard of any military showdown. But the government was expected to endorse moves taken by the United States. Turkey's army forces are estimated at about 700,000 men. NATO bases here have taken precautionary measures, but have not been placed on any alert basis, Turkish sources reported. The atmosphere in Istanbul was 'generally calm. diate invasion of Cuba was expressed during a meeting of the congressional leaders with Kennedy on Monday, a House mem- Premier Khrushchev and Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Castro The unanimous viewpoint that should no longer have any doubts the crisis is heading toward a \ that the United States is ready to climax was sustained by a state- j protect Western Hemisphere secu- ment of Secretary of the Treasury i rity. Mansfield of Montana said Soviet as connectms links in the slate j and federal highway systems. ! The state will pay the city $1,- '• 888.50 for the maintenance of these streets, and added to this year's contract are the portions of Jones, of Taylor north of 5- Fresh Air Artists Telegram Phot* Fine fall-type weather the past several days has meant some outside work for members of the afternoon adult art class, sponsored by the Civic Center. The artists, about half of the class is shown, spent yesterday doing water color work in Stevens Park. Mrs. Norman Sage is seated in the foreground. Others are, from left, lona Shelley, Mrs. Don Farmer, Deerfield; Mrs. Lewis Lyman, Mrs. Sanford Northon, Deerfield; Mrs. Charles Potucek, the instructor; Mrs. Dave Unruh and Mrs. Ralph Beckett.
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