editorials Page 4 l»nr»lon « lly Tuesday, October 23, 1962 "Best Little Old Tool On The Market" Guarded Reception from GOP Leaders About Newspapers T AST YEAR the people of the United States and Canada spent 81,805 billion for daily and Sunday newspapers, an average of 834,692 miljion a week. Also, additional millions were ppent for weekly newspapers. This is positive testimony to the importance of newspapers in people's lives. This past week was National Newspaper Week, which prompts us to throw out these facts and figures. Since 10-16, the end of World War II, daily newspaper circulation has risen from almost 51 million to more than 59 million — an increase of more than 15 per cent. Sunday circulation also has shown a good increase from 43.727 million to 48,216 million and newspaper advertising has more than tripled — going from $1.1 billion to $3.6 billion. Weekly newspaper circulation is constantly growing. In 1946 according to the American Press Association, 7.705 newspapers had a circulation of more than 21 million. Today with more weekly newspapers — 8.178 — the circulation is 23 million. A recent survey shows that at least one newspaper is bought and read each week-clay by 43,336,000 out of a total of 53.9ftO.000 homes in the United States, and an additional 3.234,000 homes one or more papers are read on a pass-along basis. Newspapers are read in 86.4 per cent of all homes in the United States. As imnressive as these figures are, they don't guarantee the reader with a good newspaper product. The only way we can honestly claim that newspapers make a big difference in people's lives is to publish a responsible newspaper. You can do your part by being a responsible reader. From Another Typewriter JFK Adjourns Politics About Junior College Standards Drew Peorson Reports Chicago Daily Tribune At the inauguration of Dr. Richard Whalen as president of Blackhawk college, a newly established public junior college at Moline, President Delyte Morris of Southern Illinois university declared high-flying goals for junior colleges. "We must never concede," he said, "that second class status for junior colleges is an acceptable part of the big picture of higher education in Illinois." By this he meant that it must be as hard for a freshman to get in and stay in a junior college as in the universities. Likewise, the junior colleges should have physical facilities, financial resources, and a pay scale for the faculty in line with those of the universities. Recently Laird Bell, in The Atlantic Monthly, wrote of junior colleges in less glowing and less expensive terms. The junior or community college, he said, "performs a necessary function in serving those who might fail in the more advanced education (of universities and four year colleges) but who want something beyond the high school." He cited the California master plan, under which the top eighth of high school graduates are eligible for admission to the state university, the next best category enters "the several four-year state colleges," and "those less qualified, but still determined to get a post-high-schooi education," go to junior colleges. Of course, some students attend junior colleges for reasons other than inability to meet the standards of the most exacting schools. It is always unjust to assume that a person is of inferior capacity or achievement solely because of the school he attends or has attended. In brains, as in athletic ability, not all the stars are in the big leagues. But not all the leagues have equal ratings. Nor is it necessary or desirable that all colleges and junior colleges aspire to excel by identical standards. A two-year college does not require the libraries and labora- ( tories needed-'by a four-year one, nor a four-year college those •necessary to a university with a wide range of doctoral programs. Nor do the different kinds of institution require the same . kinds of faculties or students. The requirements of universities are the most expensive and rigorous; those of junior colleges the least. No intelligent friend of higher education and the public (which pays the bills one way or another) should obscure the differences. There are advantages in thinking of two-year colleges as different from, rather than inferior to, universities. Both can t be excellent in their different ways. But they are different — in cost per student, in minimum standards for admission as a student, in rarity (and hence reward) of qualifications for faculty appointment. At a time when junior colleges are about to increase tremendously in number and in enrollments we all need to be straight on that. Pentagon WagesTug-o- War Over Space Military Value PONYTAIL 3 King Features Syndicate, Inc., 1962. World fighta"re«en-eJ. STUFF 60M&THING- IN TH£ CRACK POO/?. /MY FATHER Ol$Pl$£$ THIS ONE. " Garden City Telegram Published Daily Except Sunday and Fiv« Holiday! Ytarly By fhe Telegram Publishing Company Telephone BR 6-3232 , ,7 Ea , t Ch.stnut Bill llrown _ __ _^ — "'"fMt" «»"•"• *'" ith • - ™~4'dTe7funrr»i . TKKMS OJ. SUBSCRIPTION By earner an.niilh m UnrJ,-,, (',1., 51 W. Payable t 0 carrier in advance by caiTi.-r in on:,-, CHIOS wl.er,- ^rvir, , a available. 3(te per week By •y.-.il tu other a<l|l:-^,-s it, J. nnt-y. J,-,,,.-. S ,, jU . Wichita, Greeley. Hamilton. lUurnj. <,iar:t UasKoll and lira)- countR-.-. $7.50 per year, elsewhere |15.00 Si.-i.-uml clai-s i-i.'Stage pair] at Garden (.Htv. Kaneaa. It Telc-fjraiii nn-tur tarrlcr -servict- is r.-nnn-d to have publication-day de- nu-ry Ijy mail uj cities that have local carrier service, local carrier rate* (EDITOR'S NOTE — While Drew Pearson is on a political survey, his column is written by his associate, Jack Anderson.) WASHINGTON — A unique and very important tug-of-war is going on inside the Pentagon not unlike the old argument between the admirals and civilians ov-. 1 the value of battleships. Only in this case it's over the future military value of outer space and whether space battleships will be patrol the outer heavens. Here is the line-up in the argument: The Air Force is vigorously for the space battleships, claims that control of outer sp-acu is essential to American safety. The civilian research chief of the Pentagon, Assistant Secretary of Defense John Ru'bel, pooh- poohs the military role of outer space. The Russians, who aren't actually engaging in the argument as far as we are concerned, nevertheless have sided with the air force. Right in the middle of the debate inside the Pentagon, a confidential cable war. recieved from U.S. observers abroad giving the Russian position. It quoted L. I. Sedov as saying: "One must remember that in contrast to otht'r branches of science, space research is closely interwoven with military science and technology." Yet on the same day the cable arrived, Assistant Defense Secretary Rubel delivered a speech in answer to the air force, deprecating the military role of outer space. "Sometimes it's said that space will be the battleground of the future," Rubel declares, "where decisive battles will be fought to decide the fate of the earth-bound people below . . "Whichever nation can get to the moon first, it is s;id, possesses an overwhelming military and psychological advantage." The top research chief then dismissed this kind of thinking as "a set of notions that might be called the mystique of space ... If you are going around with your head in the clouds you'd better keep your fee* on the •ground," he advised space thinkers. His speech, ok'd by superiors in the Pentagon, sounded very much like Sherman Adams' ad- vice'to the nation right after the Eisenhower administration was caught unprepared in outer space by the Soviet Sputnik in October 1957. "The United States is not interested in serving a high score in a basketball game in outer space," quoth Sherman Adams. Note — The air force contends that just as the British navy kept the British empire supreme for 100 years, so military control of outer space will keep the nation that has it supreme during the coming century. The truth sometimes has an awkward way of catching up with people, whether they be congressmen or cabinet members. On July 16, the honorably Clarence Cannon, 83-year-old Democrat from the Mark Twain district of Missouri," took the floor of the House under a personal privilege rul e to denounce this column as a purveyor of falsehoods. The column had told how Speaker John McCormack had labored in a closed-door session to end the battle between Cannon and the Senate in the tug-of-war over approbations deliberations. "Please put your personal feelings aside," the column quoted Speaker McCormack as saying, and reported further details of how McCormack had lined up against Cannon. But according to Cannon, practically none of this was true. It was preposterous, he said "that his good friend" the speaker could be opposed to him. As Congress was about to close, however, the same Clarence Cannon took the floor in a bitter speech to denounce the same Speaker McCormack for lining up against him. "I have sat under 10 speakers — but I have never seen such biased and inept leadership." Note — As this column has frequently noted, Cannon has done a great job for his country. He has been forthright, honest, usually right. The tragedy is that, at the end of a great career he spoils it. That's why Drew Pearson has urged that committee chairmen step down after 10 .years — not retire from Congress — but rather rotate chairmanships with others. This is no reflection on older congressmen, merely a chance to get the benefit of their wisdom with less drain on their strength. The Chinese communists are dickering with Australia to send technicians to Red China to help modernise their, textile manufacturing. The Australians have indicated a willingness to help — which would make Australia the first western nation .to send technical aid to Red China ... The Australian government is alarmed over secret reports that Indonesia is concentrating military supplies in West New Guinea — just across the border from Australian New Guinea. The Indonesians have got their hands on Dutch New Guinea and the Australians figure they are next . . . Mrs. Claire Chennault, head of Chinese refugee relief, has warned Immigration Commissioner Ray Farrell that another dam- burst of refugees is building up behind the Bamboo Curtain. Farrell has stepped up the flow of Chinese refugees into this country, though only 2,000 so far have been admitted. By JACK BELL WASHINGTON (AP)-President Kennedy's attempt to adjourn politics on the basis of the Cuban crisis got a guarded and unenthu- siastlc reception today from most Republican candidates. After announcing his decision to throw an arms blockade around Cuba, Kennedy canceled his remaining barnstorming excursions in the Nov. 8 election campaign. Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson also wiped out his schedule of speeches in behalf of Democratic candidates. Kennedy also asked the congressional leaders—including several Republicans who have been campaigning vigorously for re-election —to stay around Washington for Demo Chairman Hits at Dole HUTCHINSON, Kan. (AP) — Carl McClung of Elkhart, 1st District Democratic chairman, said Monday Rep. Robert Dole, R-Kan. was forced by political pressure to become concerned about in come protection for farmers. "For the first 20 months of his freshman term, Mr. Dole was con. tent to talk about controls and dangers associated with any positive action to solve the wheat problem," McClung said. "When it became obvious that the farmers were not at all impressed by his warnings' of doom Mr. Dole apparently decided he had better draw in his neck a littla bit. "He had many opportunities to demonstrate by his votet in the House that he believed just as strongly in income protection for farmers as does his opponent, J. Floyd Breeding." New Artillery Missile Tested CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) —A Pershing artillery missile-was fired under simulated battlefield conditions on a successful 300- mile test flight Monday night. For the first time, the tracked launching vehicle was on sandy, sloping turf. On previous shots, the carrier rested on le-al concrete launching pads. In wartime, the track.d vehicles would move over any type terrain to a desired firing spot and would be set up quickly for launching. consultation on Cuban developments, These presidetia| moves had the effect of slapping the brakes on the accelerating Cuban campaign many GOP members had regarded as offering them their best chance to make gains in Senate and House contests. Seven Republican leaders who listened to Kennedy's explanation of his decisions at a 90-minute responded with something less than a ringing endorsement. "Americans will support the President on the decision or de- 'cisions he makes for the security of our country," they said in a statement. They added significantly, however, that they had only been "informed by the President of his already-determined course of ac. tion." This left the way open for them to say later—if they choose to do so—that they had not been consulted in advance. Six of the seven Republicans who signed the statement are candidates for re-election. They included Senate Minority Leader Everett M. Dirksen of Illinois, whose defeat Kennedy personally has urged in Illinois campaigning, and House Minority Leader Charles A. Halleck of Indiana, one of the administration's main campaign targets. Other candidates who signed were Sen. Bourke B. Hickenlooper of Iowa, chairman of the Senate GOP Policy Committee, Sen. Alexander Wiley of Wisconsin and Reps. Leslie C. Arends and Robert B. Chiperfield of Illinois. Sen. Leverett Saltonstall of Massachusetts, who joined them, is not run. ning this year. All agreed to re- mam in Washington for A presidential call. Sen. Thomas H. Kuchel of California, deputy Senate Republican leader, voiced wholehearted backing for Kennedy's actions. formerly PRAIRIE GAS & EQUIP. bruant FORCED AIR HEATING & COOLING SYSTEMS 5 YEARS TO PAY CUSTOM SHEETMETAL WORK Ducts, Elbows, Fittings Gravel Stop Rain Gutter, Metalbestos Flue Pipe, Furnace Filters, Grilles, Registers, Complete stock Minneapolis-Honeywell Thermostats &, Furnace Controfs. For Prompt Service or Free Estimate Call ... BR 6-5550 109 N. 8 nuitation. . . to all past regular CUSTOMERS of FINN'S We Cordially Invite You to Become Regular « /}» Customers of ci "Make the "gel" your laundry & cleaning headquarters!" Garden City Laundry & Cleaners, Inc. 410 N. 8th Garden City, Kansas BR 6-4922 Fifty-seven of every 100 non- farm homeowner properties in the United States were mortgaged and a total mortgage debt of $117.2 billion was reported in the 1960 census of housing. d. h. HALLOWEEN, you know, no longer is just an evening or even just a day. It's an entire season. * * * TANYA, wife of Yankee pitcher Ralph Terry, is a niece of Lyle Ashworth and the laite Anna Ashworth. She is the daughter of Anna's brother, Bill Simmons of Larned, and visited here often during her childhood. On his way home from Wichita last Tuesday, Lyle stopped in Larned to see his niece and her new b-bv. He arrived just as the final game of the World Series was claimed by the Yankees. It was a wild time in Larned, he reported. Wire service photographers and reporters from all over were swnrming around Tanya's home. They had come to Larned to await the out- Lyle said the Terrys' first son, just a toddler, was dressed in a Yankee cap and shirt and was making the most of the occasion. * * + ALONG ABOUT the second week in December, the art class students of Pat (Mrs. Charles) Potucek will display their classwork—paintings and sketches. More than a little talent has come to light among the three dozen or so aspiring artists, Pat says. One of the art students. Edith (Mi\s. A. M.) Fleming, is not a beginner. She's been painting for her own pleasure for some time and has received recognition in several area art shows. Last Thursday, in fact, the four Federated clubs of Scott City honored here and had an exhibit of her oil paintings and water colors. * + + HOW CAN YOU concentrate on candidates and campaign issues, asks a local romantic-type matron, when Brenda Starr is in such a pickle? * * * MORNING GLORIES grow the year around on Inez Dunn's garage door. They're painted on. HALLOWEEN MASKS, trick or treat bargains, and jack-o-lanterns are all in their places in the five- and-dime stores — right alongside the Christmas cards and holiday gift wrapuiiur. Things to remember!" One of the many advantages at The... Garden National Bank IS ... FREE PERSONALIZED CHECKS Available to Every Account! Another of Hie many extra services at the ... "Garden City's Friendly Bank"
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