Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on June 15, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Tuesday, June 15, 1943
Page 1
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,.''W< /A", fc . '- \ > ^ ,'' The Byline of Depenc/abi/ify Hope VOLUME 44—NUMBER 207 The Weather Arkansas: Little temperature change tonight; scattered thundershowers in west portion today and went and north portions tonight. _NUMBER_207 ^IJ^&P^^ J " 1_H I J^gfl'^^^'J^^^J^L l5 i.J! 43 I {y E kT^ 0 c n o 5 n 5A ^^ d p C r Pr ^ cfP r, 5e Ass-n PRICE 5c CQPY :JI|| ombs Shake Germany! Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN Invasion, Apparently Near Action Hastened by Surplus Supplies One by one the Allies are picking off the enemy-held islands which flank the approaches to Italy; the Germans have abandoned Sicily as an air base, re-establishing themselves on the Italian mainland—and all the signs point to immediate invasion of Europe. The particular target, whether ® Italy or France, Norway or the | Balkans, is unimportant, and vir- Knox Promises More Bad News for Japanese Washington Blockbusters Hit Shipping, Air Fields on Sicily Italian Prisoners on Pantelleria —Africai fit Italians Told to Stand By for Invasion London, June 15 (/P) A Home radio commentator, in a broadcast recorded here today, told Italians to stand by for an Allied invasion. "Our men arc ready at their guns, our planes arc ready and our sailors arc on the watch" for the "decisive phase approaching," he said. "Every Italian is ready to fight and fight until final victory is achieved." London newspapers today quoted the Rome radio as saying that Allied warships and transports are massing in the Sicilian Strait following Allied occupation of the tiny island of Lampionc, the last of four islands in the' channel to be wrested from Italian control. A Reuters dispatch from North Africa reported the capture of Lampionc yesterday, saying it fell on Sunday. The island's inhabitants a few lighthouse keepers —were reported to have fled. The German News Agency DNB, in a Berlin broadcast recorded by^ the'Associated Press, said'to- day that Axis air attacks were continuing against the Allies' potential invasion fleet in the Sicilian strait. German bombers damaged a landing craft ,and six medium transports off Pantelleria and in the harbor, DNB said, and also reported that heavy bombers attacked Bone on the Altcrian coast last night. Further suggesting heavy Allied shipping movements in the general Mediterranean area, the German communique said a freighter had been damaged by German air attack off the Portuguest coast and four Allied planes shot down in combat in the same area. None of these claims was confirmed by Allied sources. Axis planes have engaged Allied conVoys in "a battle which has now lasted for three days and has not lost any of its violence," the London Express quoted the Rome radio as saying. The newspaper said the battle was reported to be in progress in the triangular area between Malta, Bizcrtc and the Sicilian coast. The Daily Herald quoted a German broadcast as saying that the Allied had massed at Bizcrtc "a large concentration of means of disembarkation" which were being hammered by German planes. At least 20 landing barges were sunk during a raid on the harbor, the broadcast reported. Axis radio commentators continued to speculate on where the next Allied blow would fall, with the consensus favoring Sicily and Sardinia and the majority believing the attack would come this week. Some London military commentators, however, declared that the Allied plans are "far ahead of schedule" and recalled that southern European weather provides a long campaigning season — imply- tually ungucssablc—-since it is obviously the Allies' game to make Hitler spread his strength thinly over as many fronts as possible, to make the actual invasion thrust all the easier. What is important is that we get on the continent of Europe and begin spreading out from the original beachheads, picking up strength as we put arms in the hands of enemy-oppressed people. That should mark the hour at which the German war morale really starts to crack. H is for this that our country has been mobilized, and her economy put on a war footing for nearly Washington, June 15 — ,'/P)— The Novy promised more b;id news for the Japanese today to pile on top of the report of 12 more of their vessels being sunk by submarines. Secretary Knox reported that the eight American submarines so far reported lost have been replaced "many times over." The secretary's disclosure at a press conference followed Navy announcements yesterday that United States under - sea rovers have sunk 12 more Japanese ships and damaged five for a total to date of 256 enemy vessels destroyed or damaged. The submarines arc carrying the brunt of the war in the Pacific, along with planes, and Knox was asked when the present "lull" in large scale combat would break up. By DANIEL DE LUCE Allied Headquarters in North two years. The real evidence that the invasion hour is close at hand is found right here, as well as in the com- muniques from the fighting fronts. We not only have huge production of war materiel but we now have huge quantities of materiel actually in storage all over America. The supply situation is a good index to armed action—for unless supplies are used there may be an unavoidable interruption in manufacturing. Put America on a two- year schedule of "all out" manufacturing for war, and cither you are going to have action at the front or work suspension back home. That's why the average citizen has an electric feeling that is it!" as he reads those •This com- muniques about the falling islands of the.fiiBl-fading-Italinns.;-'-, -•• < For Africa is ours, and the tide of war is rolling inevitably back into Europe — which started this business, ond which will see its finish. "I can't tell you," he said, "except that it takes an awfully long while to get ready for any kind of sizeable movement," He did not amplify what he meant by "sizeable movement." The secretary said that the in-' crease in the American submarine fleet — which is known to be op- crating primarily in the Pacific— was attained as a steady growth rather than as any sudden building up of the force. "We have added a small number every month, giving us a steady addition," Knox declared. Another factor explaining the increased in ships destroyed as indicated by yesterday's announcements was due not only to the increase in the number of American vessels on duty, Knox said, but also to the fact that "our men are learning the trade right along." Before the war America had Africa, June 15 (/P)— The Wellington workhorses of the RAF drilled the cast Sicilian shipping and ferry terminal of Messina with two-ton blockbusters and showered it with incendiaries Sunday, night, Allied headquarters announced today, as preliminary attacks continued on the large islands guarding the Tyrrhenian sea approaches to Italy. For the second successive day, however, the Northwest African Air Forces delayed all - out as- ault. The communique of Gen, Dwight D. Eisenhower announced that operations yesterday were confined to reconnaissance and patrolling. • (A Rome radio commentator, in a broadcast recorded in London, told Italains to stand by for an|Alliod invasion, and other Rome and Berlin broadcasts contrived give a picture of intense air and sea activity in thr> invasion triangle between Malta, Bizer.te and Sicily. , , (London newspapers quoted ihe Rome radio as saying that Allied warships and transports were massing in. the Sicilian strait, that Axis planes had engaged sallied convoys in an almost r.ontinusous battle for the last three d:iys and that the fight "has not lost any of its violence." An authoritative naval source said British warships had visited the Italian island of Lompione, eight miles west of Lampedusa, and found it uninhabited. The island therefore has come under the control of Allied armed forces. Mass Evacuation ; of Nazi Cities Is Reported —Europe New Method of Making Sugar Swampsco'tt, Mass., June 15 — (/P)— A new method of making sugar which retains the vitamin and mineral values of sugar cane juice was claimed today by Dr. Royal Lee, Milwaukee dentist. Dr. Lee told the 80th annual convention of the Northeastern Dental Association that the process resulted from study of the effect of various vitamin and mineral elements on the teeth. "This new sugar is also economically sound, for twice as much can be made from the same amount of cane juice as is possible today with the refined sugar," he said. "This sugar contains three and one-half percent of mineral elements. Much of this is calcium. The Negro children in the sugar cane districts of the south have the most perfect teeth of children in the country. That shc'vs what these minerals mean in nutrition." Dr. Lee said the vitamin eon- tent includes A, B compiex, C and K, the latter regarded as highly effective in prevention of tooih de- (Continued on Page Three) «••• Stilwell Sees Long, Hard Job for Allies By The As s ooiated Lieut-Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell, cay. The Lee ploy heat process does not em- to reduce cane juice. ing there probably would pause in Allied activity. be a The juice first is filetercd. A solvent is used to kill bacteria. The juice then is frozen. The frozen mass is chipped and placed in a cenlcrifuge, which when whirled discharges the sugar solution through the perforated bowl wall. Repeated freezing and centrifuging produces a cold process syrup. The syrup is dried to a crystal or powder form by equipment such as is used in egg or milk drying. returning to the China war front from strategy conferences in Washington, declared today that "we have a Hell of a hard job ahead" to crush Japan, but cxphasixod that the Allied were determined to start rolling as soon as possible. Stilwell told newsmen in Chung- king, China's war - time capital, that "China was thoroughly considered and her needs gone into at length" during tho Roosevelt- Churchill conferences with top Allied military chciflains in Washington. "We have a savage enemy and there's plenty of him," Stiil- woll said. "There'll be a lot of hard fighting, but we are thoroughly determined to gel after him." In the Southwest Pacific, Gen. Douglas MacArthur's headquarters announced a new scries of Allied aerial btyws against Japanese bases above Australia yesterday in the wake of Sunday's heavy attack by U. S. Flying Fortresses and Liberators in which nearly 60,000 pounds of explosives were dropped on the enemy keystone at Rabaul, New Britain. Two planes wore lost. In addition, a 4,000 - ton enemy clean sweep of Italian islands of any value in the area south of Sicily by the capture of Pantelleria, Lampedusa and Linosa. Two large fires were started in tho Messina railway and harbor target area by the Wellingtons which followed up a heavy Sunday daylight raid by United States Lbierators, flying from the desert, on Catania and Gerbini in eastern Sicily. Only moderate anti - aircraft opposition was met by the Welling- tons. A further study of photographs taken of La Spezia naval base in northwestern Italy after the Fortress attack of June 5 showed a direct hit had been scored on the forward deck of a Littorio class battleship. The deck plates of the '33-000 - ton warship were buckled, the photos showed, and the forward gun turret was believed damaged. Last .night Maltas Mosquito Berkley Lists 10 Post War Obligations Hot Springs, June 15 — (/P) — Senate Majority Leader Albcn W. Barkley (D-Ky), expressing firm conviction of America's will to win the war, proposes the nation assume at least ten post-war obligations to its own people and the world at large. The Democratic leader, in Flag Day speech here last night, outlined his proposals with a prayer — "God grant we may not muff the ball." Of the war effort, Barkley asserted the American people "are By ROGER GREENE Associated Pr«ss War A mass evacuation of cities ,iL_, r western Germany and Berlin itself;^ to escape the tempest of AlUe'dJ" bombs was reported in Bern, today*/"; even as the Nazi home front shook under a violent new assault "$_ by fleets of RAF block - buster A* planes thundering over the Ruhr.'-* With more than 12,000,000 pounds^ of explosives already dropped 'oil'- Germany since last Friday, RAF^, pre - dawn raiders returned to the 1 '; attack for the fourth night in a^ row, pounding the war foundries^ city of oberhausen and' other ob-'-^ jectives. Berlin said the damage':; was severe. <* German newspapers reaching; Bern, Switzerland, .acknowledged that refugees were fleeing the <•"• western Reich's "bomb alley" , NEA Service Telephoto I a result of 180 heavy Allied raids ,; -.-, . j. ,. i i i. .£• MCA c- i t~ L. fl nd 600 air alarms, and urged the This radiotelephoto from U. S. Army Signal Corps shows German pe0 pic to open their scene on Island of Pantelleria as Italian prisoners watched by homes to evacuees. a guard bath in the harbor. Still smoking ruins, can be seen'in Bomb-battered Duesselford, tar- t background. get of a recent 2,000 - ton RAF" raid, was said ot be one of the? chief cities being abandoned. j Das Reich said the evacuation; scheme called for refugees from* Berlin to go to Brandenburg, east j Prussia and Pomerania, while oth- ^ ers from northern WestphaKa (th,e">'£ Ruhr) went to Bavaria. ft, 'Comfort must bow to the demands of necessity," said Adolf,' Washington June 15 —(/P)— The I Hitler's own newspaper, Voelkisch-J] battle of the food price front rolled er Boebachter, calling on the na->« back to the White House today with ticm to crowd refugees into;,their new congressional demands for ap- homes. <y j, Das Reich said not only bombed*^ but families but also those 'untouched' by the "'great "Allied? Continued on Page Three Clerks Instructed on Mineral Rights Little Rock, JUunc 15 — W — To forestall lawsuits and to irako land records less complicated, Liind Commissioner Claude A. Rankin asked county clerks today to make notations on delinquent land certifications where mineral I rights to tracts were divided. He took the action after recciv- liiig an opinion from Ally.-Gen. Guy |E. Williams that tho stale took liille only to the portion of m'oeral -iKhts which actually forfeited. Villiams said that whoro a land pwncr sold part of his mineral 'i«hts these rights constituted a paratc estate. Land records of about 15 south rknnsas counties have been com- ,cated by a division of mineral [ghts, he said. The land office has ,d no information regarding i,ese because no notations of the ~>nsactions have been placed on ' certifications. Private: "Well, sir, we camou- 'laged the gun before lunch, now we can't find it." and Ration Calendar Ration Book No. 1 Coffee—Stamp No. 24, good for one pound, expires June 30. Sugar—Stamp No. 13, good for five pounds, expires August 15. For canning, Stamps 15 and 16 good for five pounds each. Shoes—Stamp No. 17 good for one pair through June 15. Ration Book No. 2 Blue Stamps G, H and J, for canned and processed vegetables and fruits, expire June 7. Stamps K, L and M, good through July 7. Red Stamps J and K good through June 30. Red Stamp L becomes valid June 6, good through June 30. Gasoline Stamps No. 6 of A-books good for four gallons each until July 22. transport was blasted pound bombs and with 500- aflame in Humboldt Bay, Dutch New Guinea, and 11 Japanese barges were sunk or damaged off the New Guinea coast. In yesterday's raids, Allied fliers hammered the Japanese strongholds at Kaimana, Babo and Tuam Island. Steadily whittling at Japan's vital and thin-stretched supply lines, American submarines were officially credited with sinking 12 more Japanesp ships, including a destroyer, and probably sinking or damaging four others in Pacific waters recently. On the Burma front. Amrcieair and British planes continued their unrelenting attack on Japanese occupation forces, bombing the big enemy base at Akyab on the Bay of Bengal coast, machine-gunning Japanese troops, and blasting railways. In the China campaign, the Chinese command announced that Generalissimo Chiang Kai - Slick's Armies had won a fresh success in throwing the Japanese invaders back along the upper Yangtze river front. Other Chinese columns were said to be attacking the Japanese base at Sinyang in southern Ho- Fathers Given Until Oct. 1 for Induction Washington, June 15 —(/P)—A possibility that tho drafting of fathers may be delayed until around October 1 was indicated by Selective Service officials today as they moved to speed the induction of 18-25 year old childless men now deferred on ocrunational grounds. This effort to hold up the fathers' draft was disclosed in instructions on the filing by employers of schedules covering occupational deferments. Another move lowai'd deferring the father draft was seen in testimony before a House committee that the calling of family heads might be set back some weeks by the lowering of Navy physical requirements. The new instructions .suggested for the first time that fathers be listed for occupational deferment on schedules filed after July 1, but that they should not be listed unless Hie work. - deferment was sought for some period extending beyond October 1. By suggesting that employers list enlisted in it until unconditional surrender shall be acknowledged by our enemies." "Not unconditional surrender by one of them, but unconditional surrender by all of them whether simultaneously or at convenient intervals on the installment plan as exigencies may require," he added. "But we cannot close our eyes to the tragic responsibility which will fall to all the United Nations, and to us with peculiar force when the fighting shall have been concluded. We must not allow ourselves to be as umprcparcd for peace as we and all the democracies have been for war." The nation first must dcmoblixc the men and women in the military and industrial forces, he said and through cooperation of government and private industry "Help find jobs for those dislocated millions." Post-war stabilization of the national debt was second on his list with a warning it would make "reduction of taxation to the basis of pre-war levels impossible within our generation." Care and rehabilitation of tho war-injured and incapcaitaled and their dependents ranked third, ahead of "greater security from fear and want among the aged and unemployed." Fifth Barkley placed aid in the Syria Border Across From Turkey, Closed Ankara, Turkey, June 15 — (/P)—Allied authorities will close the Syrian border with Turkey at 6 o'clock tonight, semi-official sources said today. Turkish authorities profess not . to know why the border is being closed or how long it will remain shut. Syria is under control of the Fighting French. , ; Admiral Sir John Cunning,ham, New British corriman- der-in-chief in the levant, arrived by plane from Cairo Saturday and spent.an hour and a half in a conference with President Ismet Inonu yesterday. Before calling upon the president he held conferences with Premier Sukru Saracoglu, Foreign Minister Numan Meme- mencioglu and Chief of Staff Marshal Fevzi Cakmak. The admiral was scheduled to leave today. Food Problem Taken Up at White House pointment of a cone-man boss over ! the watvtime bread ba.skcjt.. As labor and farm leaders "speedy reconversion of our industrial structure from war to peace." when seeking their deferment beyond 1 nan province, Hankow. 100 miles north of fathers only occupational October 1. Ihe instructions implied that they would not needwork-de- ferment until after that date because they will be deferred until then by reason of having children. Fathers seeking preliminary physical examinations to find out whether (hey may be rejected arc being dsicouraged, except in a few cases where they have large and involved business or personal affairs. Aside from a shortage of physicians. Selective Service officials point out that standards may be changed between the time of the preliminary test and the actual draft call, or the man's own physical condition may change. 'Wo must be ready and willing to help provide food and clothing and other essentials to the starved and depressed populations of occupied countires in order to prevent chaos and revolution, and in order that we may help restab- lish real self-government among them," he said. The Senate leader called for cooperation i n restablishmenl of international trade and credit as well as assumption by the United States of "our full share of responsibility in bringing about a peace that will contain the germs of permanent justice among nations." After that, he said, the nation "must assume our share of tin; responsibility of making the break of that peace impossible." Barkley proposed a "tribunal to which aggrieved nations may bring their greivances with the conviction that justice can be secured from an international organization based upon equal treatment of all nations regardless of size or location.' Finally, he said, "wo must as soon as practicable let it be known that we shall not attempt to insulate ourselves from ai\v of the Nazi Attacks Beaten Off in Orel Sector London, June 15 — (/P) — German infantry, supported by tanks and planes, counter - attacked several times last night in an attempt to retake four settlements north- cast of Mlscnsk in the important Orel sector of the Russian front, but the attacks were beaten off with heavy losses, the Soviet midday communique said today. In one sector alone, the Russians said, about 200 German officers and men were killed and three Nazi planes were shot down by anti-aircraft guns. The Russians captured the settlements Saturday night. German scourting activity also was reported near Belgorod, which is southwest of Orel. Both the Russians and Germans have heavy troop and supply concentrations in the Orel sector, which has been mentioned frequently since May as the sene of feeler and softening- up thrusts. The communique, which was broadcast from Moscow and recorded by the Soviet Monitor here, reported artillery action on the Volkhov front southwest of Leningrad, in the Smolensk area of the western front, and west of Rostov. squared off for another skirmish before the Senate Banking Committee, Chairman Fulmer (D-SC) led a bi-Partisan delegation of House Agriculture committee members to a White House conference with with the avowed aim of convincing President Roosevelt somethnig should be done at once to consolidate the food authority which Fulmer said is "scattered all over the landscape." A delegation ,of five Senators and four House members presented a similar proposal yesterday but ran up against the opposition of War Mobilization Director James F. Byrnes. Nevertheless Fulmer and Reps. Flannagan (D- Va,), Kleberg (D-Tex.), Cooley (D-NC), Hope (R-Kan.) and Andresen (R-Minn.) said they would nominate Food Administrator Chester Davis as their candidate for the "Czar" role. President Phillip Murray of the Congress of Industrial Organizations scheduled an appearance before the Senate Banking Committee to urge an appropriation for subsidies to defray the cost of rolling back retail food prices. Albert Goss, master of the National Grange, was expected to follow the opposition line taken by other arm leaders who contend the plan is a disguised effort to obtain higher wages for labor. The committee already has written into a proposal to boost the Commodity Credit Corporation's lending authority by $1,000,000,000 a prohibition against use of any of this money to finance subsidies, but President Roosevelt reportedly renewed yesterday a suggestion that from $1,500,000,000 to aerial offensive were being re^ moved. Berlin newspapers noted_,' that there was bitterness and re4 ••--' - '--"- refugees, unwilling? * sentment among both and their sometimes 'hosts." *t« $2,000,000,000 be made available by congress to subsidize prices. burdens or the effects of world events." "Speaking of Old Families," said the aristocrat of the party, "one State Peach Crop Reduced by Half Little Rock, June 15 — (IP)— Arkansas peaches will be on the market within a week, but this year's supply will be half of tiiat of 1942, crop reporting statistician Stuart L. Bryan reported today. Arkansas' yield this year will bo less than 1,000,000 bushels, compared with 1942 production of 2,337,000, Bryan saM. Size and qual- iiy of the fruit will be good. Production of apples and pears in northwest Arkansas orchards also will be less than normal. Bryan said. Based on a survey June 1, he estimated the apple crop in Benton, Boone, Carroll, Washington and Cross counties would be 57 per cent of normal. Estimated production of pears 37hoWell for Midway Is Brought in Stamps, June 15.—By Special Correspondent. — The 37th producer was added in the new Midway field today when Darnell No. Barnsdall Oil Co.'s 1 in NW NE Section , of my ancestors was present at the was placed at 106,000 bushels, signing of the Majjna Charta." about half of the 1942 yield. 9-15-24 flowed into pits. Official gunge is not yet available because of incompleted storage tanks, but operators say the well is as good as any in the field. Gravity of the crude was said to be 36, and the top of porosity was 6,466 feet extending to 6,428 feet. Barnsdall spudded in this week at Shults No. 1 wildcat in Hempstead county. Surface casing has been set. Drilling will re resumed tomorrow. The well is located in the NE NE of section 34-13-36. After two trips, Goldstein turned in to the superintendent $19.85. The superintendent said to Goldstein: 'You're a wonder, Goldstein! How in the world did you do it?" Heavy Bombers Attack x London, June 15—(/P)—The RAF's front line heavy bombers made, another mass attack on Ruhr... 6b-" * n jectives last night, concentrating'' 1 particularly on the important steel and coal city of Oberhausen, three' % ' miles west of Essen, and another 1 big formation of planes, possibly/ American, roared across the channel today. Coast observers said the daylight attackers were headed southeast. As the big bombers rumbled toward the continent, two foimations of Allied fighters already were returning from a breakfast - time sweep of the Pas De Calasis area, where they shot down three •Fccke* Wulf 190s out of two formations of 15, presumably setting out to ha-> rass the British coast. It was announced officially that 18 bombers were missing from* the Ruhr forays, the fourth consecutive night assault by the RAF. on Germany. The night's activities, included mine laying in enemy <•*' waters. : The Oberhausen raid was the third reported by the RAF on that' city, although the Germany * claimed it had been hit a fourth >• time on April 26 at the same time , of railways to Duisburg, Dort*^ The RAF reported bombing it last in November, 1940. The city stands on the Rhine* Herne canal and at the junction, of railways to n Duisburg, Dort- ; mund and Hamm-making it aft important communications center. "\ Berlin confirmed in a broadcast heard by the Associated Press that the Oberhausen raid had caused* casualties and heavy damage, *»•+» ' Nazarenes Convene at Conway Today Conway, Ark., June 15 — W) about 200 delegates are expected to attend the annual convention of the Arkansas district. Nazarene Young Peoples Society, which opens at First Church of the arene here today. The Rev. Hardy Powers, district superintendent, will be guest speaker. HIGHWAY BIDS SOUGHT Little Rock, June 15 — (#•)— The State Highway Commission will receive bids at 10 a.m., June 24, for construction of a reinforced concrete and steel underpass and approaches at the Bauxite and northern railway crossing at Bauxite, Saline cbunty. The successful bidder will be required to complete the contract in, 120 working days. Visitor (at asylum): "Do jroi} have to keep the women inm.ate$ separated from the men?"

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