Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa on April 22, 1976 · Page 3
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Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa · Page 3

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Carroll, Iowa
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Thursday, April 22, 1976
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Page 3
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Carroll Daily Times Herald Comment & Feature Page Thursday, April 22,1976 The Consumer Decade The past 10 years might well be called the decade of the consumer, if not of Ralph Nader. It was in the spring of 1966 during the Senate hearings on automobile safety that the modern consumerism movement may properly be said to have been born. In March of that year, mighty General Motors admitted that it had hired private detectives to investigate Nader, who had written a book attacking the auto industry in general and GM's Corvair in particular, and the name of the then-unknown lawyer became a • household word and a symbol of aroused consumer militancy. Americans were to witness the passage of a profusion of laws mandating not only a series of new safety and emission controls on i automobiles but a general clean-up of our air and water. There was sudden public concern about the quality of the environment, which found legislative expression in the creation of the Environmental Protection Agency and numerous other bureaus. . Dedicated young law students flocked to Washington to enlist in "Nadar's Raiders" and began . haunting the halls of the regulatory .agencies, poking into operations of Congress itself and issuing ' voluminous and critical reports on everything from nuclear reactor safety to impurities in drinking water to alleged cancer-causing drugs and food additives. Not all of the consumer-related developments of the past 10 years can be credited to (or blamed on) Ralph Nader, of course. President Johnson had been prodding Congress to do something about automobile safety 'long before the . famous hearings, and environment- • alism had early heroes in John Muir and Clifford Pinchot and others. .But it is interesting to speculate about what the history of this decade •would have bee nlike if consumerism and everything that term has come to signify had not been given such an initial boost by GM's foolishness. How much better off is the ordinary American because of the efforts of the consumer advocates and public interest spokesmen? Have the benefits been commensurate with all the sound and fury — as well as the costs? We might, for one thing, still be driving Corvairs, a fine little car. A number of lawsuits alleging safety defects were brought against it but none stood up in court. It was the Arab-inspired gasoline shortage of 1973 and the resulting 55-m.p.h. highway speed limit, hot heavier bumpers or seat belts or warning flashers, which drastically cut the toll of traffic fatalities. Certainly pollution was a growing problem that demanded national attention. Great progress has been made in this area, and not even industry, for all its complaining about the expense and the pettifogging regulations, would want to go back to the old ways. But there has also been a less felicitous after effect of this era in the form of widespread popular distrust of corporations and disenchantment with the capitalist system itself. Had ascetic and unsmiling Ralph Nader.'ever had anything good to say about American business, even once, perhaps the Czechoslovakian counterpart of the CIA would not have toyed with the idea of recruiting him, as was recently revealed. All in all, however, it has been a , worthwhile and fruitful decade, despite its excesses. The nation's goals in the area of pollution control are within grasp and corporate America evinces a continuing awareness of its social responsibilities. • There will probably never again be such an upsurge of "consumerism" in America. Yet while we have learned much about our limitations as a nation, we have learned much more about our abilities to achieve desired goals. The legacy will live. IRS Wins Again Vivian Kellems finally has paid her tax bill to Uncle Sam, but only because she was'no longer here to carry : on her fight. The retired ' Conri'ecticutindus'tf iaiist'who died in January, 1975, spent the last years of her life fighting what she saw as inequities in the federal tax laws. Not the usual kind of tax rebel who ;1 simply does not file a return, Miss Kellems filed her returns every year — since at least 1969 — signed but otherwise blank. Contending that as a single person sh*> had been • overcharged on her taxes since 1948, the fiery spinster said it was the government which owed her. Convinced to the end that the Supreme Court-one day would uphold her'point, M\ss.Kellems' battled 1 the'IRS-every step'of the way. While she didn't win her case, she had not lost either — until death stopped her battle. The IRS has collected its claim for back taxes from her estate. If speeches in this session of Congress seem longer than usual, it may be^ because those who make them are not sure they will be back for another try next year. Inside Report Viewpoint 1 ,*•;. ••'-.'•. . • .• • Output Problems By Ray Cromley WASHINGTON - (NBA) '- That inflation has not been worse, the past two years is due in considerable measure to the willingness of labor, overall, to accept moderate wage increases. .Though we have all.read of sensational exceptions, cases in which some unions gouged what they could, the Morgan Guaranty survey reports real wages of private nonfarm workers rose less than 1 per cent in 1975, for example. Unfortunately, to achieve this 1 per cent, the nominal rise was nearly 8, which is far and'away above the normal increase in industrial productivity. To keep pace with inflation and in some major industries, to catch up, the outlook for 1976's bargaining calendar is for overall wage increases of 8 to 9 percent — on the average. Again, we are talking of nominal increases, not "real" gains in constant dollars. Reasonable as these demands may be, they are, again, well above prospective gains in productivity. Analysts say this and other factors will result in a minimum inflation this year of 5 per cent or more. The problem in this instance is not that workers will be. asking too much, but rather, that year after year, the increase in productivity is too low, averaging 2.7 per cent over the past three decades. If we are to give labor, shareholders and the buying public their just due, we shall require a major increase in new investment — the junking of obsolete equipment and the installation of modern machines, computers and other equipment at a more rapid pace than at any time in recent history. This requires a new climate. It means that private industrial managers be confident in the future, that investors be willing to increase their commitments and that unwise government regulation does not force industry into sterile channels.. Today, James J. Needham, chairman of the New York Stock Exchange observes that as a result'of some unfortunate types of regulation, there has been "a significant diversion of funds into activities which dp not.- generate more productive capacity. It is difficult to justify expensive federal regulatory requirements when their costs demonstrably exceed their value to society." Perhaps most importantly, major sustained' significant productivity increases require the nurturing of those among that great body of small firms which-are in the forefront of technological advancement, whose investors and managers are willing to take great 'risks in return for major breakthroughs. If these companies prosper, the concepts they develop are adopted by major industrial firms, and productivity rises nationwide. Unfortunately, as Needham told a congressional committee,-"It is generally the newer and small businesses, rather than the larger and better established, companies, that are squeezed out of the credit markets during periods of financial stringency. If these companies are forced to the wall for lack of capital, the competitive fabric of our economy will be 'weakened, and its innovative capacity eroded." There is today a source of capital which has not been fully tapped. I refer to foreign capital — from Japan. Britain, continental Western Europe and from the major oil exporting countries. Despite 4h,e economic problems we face here, .investment analysts in major foreign financial markets seem to agree opportunities in the United States are among the best in the world. ' -* High Noon for Rabin By Roland Evans and Robert Novak WASHINGTON - The landslide of Palestinian nationalists and radicals in municipal elections on the Israeli-occupied West Bank Monday, April 12, has now forced postponement of an Israeli cabinet showdown on new Jewish settlements, but only briefly. Any maneuver by Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin to halt the new-settlements movement, a political-religious phenomenon, strongly and emotionally backed by the Religious Parties, would be interpreted as weak-kneed reaction to the radical electoral sweep in Arab towns and cities on the West Bank. As such, it would probably be doomed to failure, despite growing concern within the Israeli government over American pressures to forte a change in the explosive West Bank issue of new Jewish settlements. But the battle over settlements can only be briefly delayed, and when it comes in late spring it will pit the most powerful competing forces in Israeli politics against each other, with the results certain to have a profound effect on the political future of Israel, Rabin and Israeli-Arab relations. What makes a new policy inescapable is the frenzied effort of more than 100 deeply religious Jews to settle at Kaddum on the outskirts of Nablus, the largest Arab city in the occupied West Bank. When Prime Minister Rabin ordered them out late last year, they refused to give up and instead started housekeeping under army safeguard a few miles away. They have been there ever since — demanding government sanction to build their settlement, infuriating West Bank Arabs and Advice Honest Opinion Not Wanted By Abigail Van Buren DEAR ABBY: I feel just terrible. A friend of ours brought a young woman over for us to meet. (His wife died about a year ago.) She was very loud, talkative and bossy, which was disappointing to us because we knew his first wife, who was a real lady. The following day, the man came over alone and asked us what we thought of his lady friend. We told him the truth. Well, you guessed it. They are being married, and we are not invited, to the reception! Were we wrong in being honest? My husband thinks we were. CAN'T LIE DEAR CANT: Honesty is always the best policy, but you should know that no man wants an honest opinion of a horse after he's bought it. DEAR ABBY: We've been married for two years, and for the last 18 months we've had in-law trouble. We are both employed, have no children and live 250 miles from our families. The problem started when my husband's parents, who are retired, invited themselves to our home for a Health Fluttering Heart Dr. Lawrence E. Lamb, M. D. DEAR DR. LAMB — I am at my wits end and I only hope you can help me. I "am 32 years old and the mother of three boys. I am supposedly in good health, but something is out of whack and I have just about given up on life due to this whatever it is. For a couple of years now whenever I run, get excited, happy, or sad or whatever the situation calls for, or I go ; up a flight of stairs, and even when I eat ,. and the food starts to digest my heart goes nuts. It gives a big, forceful bang and then it beats so fast afterwards that I almost faint. I get sick to my stomach after it hits me and I feel very tired. Even if I reach a climax, bang it goes and I get very sick to my stomach, dizzy and faint. It's nearly ruining my life. I have had cardiograms and of course the darned thing never does it then and the doctor says my cardiogram is normal. I have to get up slowly after I have sat or slept for awhile or I get hit with it and almost faint. I feel as if I am 100 years old. I want to enjoy life but I am afraid to move let alone live as I should at my age. How much can the heart take of that business before it stops? That's how it feels, it's like there is a second before it beats again after that powerful thrust and then it beats like crazy for a few. seconds and then slows down till the next espisode. I do not smoke. DEAR READER — Your story sounds very much like what doctors call paroxysmal tachycardia. These are attacks of sudden, rapid beating of the heart. The onset is usually sudden and they may stop just as suddenly. Some of these attacks can be stopped by breath holding, gagging or pressure on one of the arteries of the neck. I do not advise this last procedure for anyone who is not trained in the technique. There are ways of monitoring a person's heart over a period of time and during daily activity. Individuals with recurrent attacks but never in the doctor's office are sometimes tested this way. The electrodes_are placed on the chest and the person carries a leather case about the size of a large camera case with a small tape recorder in it. The electrocardiogram is recorded on tape for as long as a day. This can then be played back in the doctor's office and he can see what the episodes were that you were having. Once he h^s documented exactly what the attacks are he can better decide what form of treatment should be used. Individuals with such attacks need a complete medical examination. These attacks can be caused by many things including an overactive thyroid. Recurrent attacks can often be controlled with medicines that decrease the irritability of the heart. The choice of the best medicine is often based on identifying which type of rapid heart action is present. DAILY TIMES HERALD 508 North Court Street Carroll, Iowa Daily Except Saturdays, Sundays and Holidays other than Washington's Birthday and Veteran's Day, by the Herald Publishing Company. JAMES W.WILSON, Publisher W. L. REITZ, News Editor JAMES B.WILSON, Vice President, General Manager Entered as second-class matter at the post-office at Carroll, Iowa, under the act of March 2,1897. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press Is entitled exclusively to the use for republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP dispatches. Official Paper of County and City Subscription Rates By carrier delivery per week $ .60 BYMAIL Carroll County and All Adjoining Counties where carrier service is not available, per year '. $20.00 Outside of Carroll and Adjoining Counties in Zones 1 and 2 per year $23.00 All Other Mail in the United States, per year '.. $27.00 Berry's World ©19?6byNEA,lnc. ( "Excuse, please! On which floor is 'Bribes and Kickbacks?'" three-day weekend. That particular weekend, we have invited my brother and his wife, who were flying 700 miles to be with us. After I very courteously told my mother-in-law that our guest room was spoken for, the cork blew! My in-laws have now accused us of rejecting them and have as much as said that our door should always be open to them at all times — regardless. Now my husband's family (mother, father and sister) are very hostile toward me and believe that I alone am to blame, even though my husband agrees with me and has told them so. I want to be friendly with my in-laws but find it difficult to apologize for not welcoming them that weekend or for not having an open-door policy at all times. What do you recommend? PERPLEXED DEAR PERPLEXED: No one is expected to have an "open-door" policy for guests to visit whenever they feel like it. Your in-laws should have understood. And if they had their heart set on that weekend, they could have opted for a motel. I say, forget it. If they can't see your point, they don't want to. DEAR ABBY: Believe it or not, this letter is coming from a man who is in Hawaii on his honeymoon! Right now my bride is busy writing, thank-you notes for our wedding presents, so since I have nothing else .to do I thought I'd write to you and ask you what you think of this situation. If it makes any difference, I am 24 and she is 22.1 wouldn't complain if she took off an hour or two to write these notes, but it seems that she is devoting more time to that than to anything else. When our friends get thank-you notes from a bride who is on her honeymoon, don't you think they'll suspect something is wrong with her? BORED ON MY HONEYMOON DEAR BORED: No. They might suspect something is wrong with you. posing one more volatile threat to Israel's political manipulation of the West Bank, now more difficult than ever following the municipal elections. Rabin's tricky problem in moving toward a cabinet showdown on the proposed settlement of Kaddum and the general question of new settlements is that it could risk his control over his own government. That control is now based on a narrow majority in Parliament which might disappear if the Religious Parties quit the governing coalition in retaliation. Indeed, major Religious Party defections from the Rabin government are believed unavoidable if the effort to choke off new Jewish settlements, with Foreign Minister Yigal Allon leading the attack, succeeds. Allon, a prominent cabinet dove, and his allies are pitted against Defense Minister Shimon Peres, the Religious Parties (with three cabinet members) and other government hawks. On the outside, the opposition Likud party, totally opposed to any concessions that would reduce Israeli claims to occupied Arab territories, will maneuver for an overthrow of Rabin and their own assumption of power. This lethal internal political battle comes at a time when the whole Mideast is on the edge of another precipice in war-ravaged Lebanon, where Syrian intervention threatens to induce Israeli intervention. Yet, it is Rabin's misfortune to have ducked the explosive settlements issue for much too long, an avoidance that can be partly traced to the overall weakness of his government. The issue can no longer be ducked, however. Israeli politicians said they were shocked when William W. Scranton, new U.S. ambassador to the UN, in his first major Security Council statement March 23 attacked Jewish settlements in Arab lands as an "obstacle" to Mideast peace that "inflames emotions" of both Jew and Arab. In fact, however, it is doubtful that the shock was all that real. Moreover, experts here believe that Isreal's population is generally opposed to territorial tampering and meddling, a j.udgment supported by such responsible barometers of public opinion as the widely-read independent Israeli newspaper Ha'aretz. Ha'aretx last week attacked cabinet approval of a "march" from Jerusalem to Jericho scheduled for Passover .(Easter Sunday) by the same religious ..zealots, trying to establish the new settlement at Kaddum. The newspaper said it would be highly provocative and would "deepen the impression that (Rabin) cannot stand up to his opponents in the cabinet." Thus, if Rabin wins his battle over settlements, he will not only set new policy for the occupied territories but will also gain a personal victory of transcendant symbolic importance, establishing himself as leader in fact as well as name. Such an outcome is essential for Rabin to win the far more difficult political tests to be posed in any overall settlement with the Arabs. Flowery Answer to Previous Puzzle ACROSS 1 Aromatic herb plant 7 Fall flowers 13 Fancy 14 Borrower 15 Water heater 16 Cornier 17 School subject (ab.) 18 Conger 19 Reverence 22 Auricles 24 Cartograph 27 Potato container 2B Arrivals (ab.) 29 One-lourth shekel 30 Demise 32 Pinnacle of ice 33 Disarm 34 Monolith 36 Scottish land " tax 37 Thread 38 Golf peg 39 Town (Cornish prefix) 40 Precipice 41 Controversial plane 42 New Guinea seaport 43 Grampus 46 Guard against 49 Tidier 53 Gladdened 54 Mortise 55 Property items 56 Perfumes DOWN 1 Baby's protective item 2 Fuss 3 Hawaiian wreath 4 Bargain event 5 Solar disk 6 Fusions 7 Changes 8 Painful spots 9 Shadow (slang) 10 Adjectival suffix 11 Female ruff 12 Weight of India 19 Kidnap 20 Hot dog 21 Put in a case 23 Small space 24 Earns 25 Degrades 26 Parcel 28 Dutch measure 29 Relative (ab.) 31 Bitter vetch 32 Stitch 35 Flower native to the tropics • 37 Isms 40 Writer's mark 42 Tardy 44 Torn 45 Hurl 46 Diminutive of Beatrice 47 Certain railways (coll.) 48 Once existed 50 Beverage 51 Stray 52 Rights (ab.)

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