The Ottawa Herald from Ottawa, Kansas on November 10, 1961 · Page 3
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The Ottawa Herald from Ottawa, Kansas · Page 3

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Ottawa, Kansas
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Friday, November 10, 1961
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Page 3
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Nason On Education Develop Purposeful Attitude By DR. LESLIE J. NASON Professor of Education, USC The responsiblity for beginning — and completing — a task is an individual thing. It can fall as heavily on the shoulders of a 5- year-old as on those of an adult. Our system of schooling often misses the mark because of this. Our children fail to take the responsibility for either beginning or finishing the job of learning. And our schools and parents are not doing enough about, it. First • grade teachers say they wish chil- Iren would enter school with "purposeful attitudes." They mean the child should be willing to start a task and try to figure out, all by NASON himself, how to get the job done; then stay with it until he does. Too many children fail to develop these "self-starting" attitudes. They are far more likely to develop habits of dependence j that are most difficult to break These habits usually have their beginnings at home when parents, without even thinking about it, give detailed instructions for every task and expect nothing from the child except exactly what he has been told to do. When he enters school, the child transfers this dependence to the teacher. The result in the classroom is just what you might expect. When an assignment is given and details are specific, the child docs the assignment. That's all, too. When he finishes what does he do? Nothing! He sits there until the next assignment is given. If he has any natural curiosity, he keeps it well hidden. Unfortunately, some teachers are apt to confuse lethargy with "goodness" and encourage it. Some children, well-endowed with intelligence, succeed in school with the assistance of detailed instructions as to when and how to do their work, provided by both parents and teachers. Many get through high school rather easily. The day of reckoning comes when they leave high school — and personal supervision — for either work or college. Suddenly they are thrown on Would Make Ottawa Model Of Democratic Way Of Life ing the principles, without even realizing that they are using the Montessori system! The earlier parents and teachers start to allow and encourage children to initiate and plan their own activities, the easier it is to develop purposeful habits. It might be wise if every child were given some unscheduled time in which j he could do something of his own j choosing, within the reasonable i boundaries every child must learn j to respect, even if it means do- j ing nothing for awhile. i The routine of getting a child j up in the morning, through his breakfast, off to school for a day of regimented activity, back home to dancing or music lessons, dental appointments, through dinner and a planned evening of television, and off to bed has its effect. When does he have time to develop self-reliance? Once the habit of reliance upon parents and teachers is complete, dependence has been established. I. isn't easy to correct. The parents who wants to *ry will need plenty of time and patience, because progress will seem awfully slow. Gradually, however, responsibility for activity can be transferred from parent to child. The results are important and worthwhile now. They become more important and worthwhile as time goes by. (If you have a question for Dr. Nason, write him in care of this newspaper. While he cannot undertake individual correspondence, he will discuss questions of general interest in his column.) The Ottawa Ministerial Association has issued an appeal to the citizens of Ottawa "to make our city a model of democratic living and brothely love, that no citizen of our city nor any visitor among us shall feel unwanted or unwelcome." The twenty ministers and Christian workers unanimously adopted a statement pointing out to the citizens of the community the importance of the conduct of each and every individual in this re- gard. The full ment follows: text of the state- "In these critical days, most of us are aware of the fact that our personal and community conduct has, on occasion, international significance. Nowhere is this more true than in our conduct in the matter of race relations. What each of us says and does as we come in contact with persons of other races, both citizens and overseas visitors in our midst, is frought with great danger for our national stature among the nations of the world. A single unfortunate word or act can be magnified and misconstrued with near disastrous results. "Even more important is the necessity in these days for all of us to be true to the principles of equality and justice upon which our nation was founded; to honor those Constitutional guarantees which we claim for ourselves but frequently deny or withhold from others. These are days when a man must be accepted as a man without regard to race, color, national origin or even religious profession. To be guilty of discrimination of any sort today is to reject our heritage and be less than American, certainly less than Christian, "In recent weeks there have been several minor incidents of discrimination in our community, and we sense increasing tensions developing. This is especially true as regards overseas stu- Sunday School Lesson Responsibilities Scarbeck Sentenced To 30 Years By BARY SCHWEID WASHINGTON (AP)-A federal judge has handed former diplomat Irvin C. Scarbeck the maximum prison sentence—30 years— for passing U.S. secrets to Polish Communist agents. In passing sentence Thursday, Judge Leonard P. Walsh said making an example in Scarbeck's case was a factor he had to keep By ROY L. SMITH The Uniform Sunday School lesson for Nov. 12: "GROWTH THROUGH STEWARDSHIP, Matthew 23:1-36; 25:14-30. The air is full of shouts, cries, arguments, and demands relative to the matter of rights — civil rights, racial rights, minority rights, worker's rights, student's rights, marital rights. It might help to clear the atmosphere if we were to give a little attention to the matter of responsibilities, for with every right there goes a responsibility. Courses . in c o mparative religion all too often over look the fact that the doctrine of responsibility is p e c u 1 i a r to Christianity. No other great world religion lays the same emphasis upon duties. And there can be no logical or honest consideration of that matter of responsibility which does not include the question of property, money, possessions, and economic power. Jesus' parable of the talents is a blunt, honest, and unanswer- ! able statement of the proposition. SMITH their own resources, and find that ' n they have none. Many students — and young employes — say, "I just don't do my work!" They are bewildered. They lack the habit of purposeful activity, and don't know how to go about developing the habit of taking the initiative. Recently there has been considerable discussion about an almost - forgotten system of teaching which worked wonders with this problem. The system, developed in Italy a number of years ago by Dr. Maria Montessori combined a comparatively independent choice of activity by the child with encouragement and guidance by the teacher which enabled him to follow an interest to a logical and satisfying conclusion. It worked to build habits of purposeful activity, not of dependence, and children love it. It works fastest and best with children 3 to 8 years old, an age when these habits are formed. Many teachers and parents are doing a wonderful job of apply- | Responsibility grows with the ac j cumulation of possessions. He ' who owns much property is under a far greater burden of responsibility than that one is who owns no property. The management of a million dollars is a vastly more serious matter than the management of a few hundred. That which gives money its value and signifiancne is the social relationship that the individual bears to the community. A hundred dollars in the pocket of a man shipwrecked on an empty island may be valueless, but the same man, with the same hundred dollars, in the midst of a modern city occupies an entirely ers, clients, or commercial advantage, is in debt to the public, and the only way he can pay that debt is by accepting his responsibilities for the maintenance of the community. The Christian doctrine of stew- arship rests down, turn, upon the Jewish doctrine of ownership. At the very heart of Hebrew teaching is the principle that "the earth is the Lord's, and all things therein." One of the earliest economic concepts of the Hebrew people one which they brought in with them from the desert, when they invaded Canaan — was that land was the gift of God. No man had made it, and no man had earned it. The original family estates all represented the benevolence of Jehovah. From this doctrine there arose the corresponding principle that man was the administrator, or the trustee, of the gift that had come from the hand of the Divine. In modern terms this means stewardship. There is widespread confusion among us relative to this matter of equality. The Declaration of Independence does not mean that all men were bom and created equal, but that we were created equal in the matter of rights! It is a principle basic in, our Christian doctrine of democracy, that the doors of opportunity must be kept open to all men, regardless of their color, ancestry, social standing, or religious affiliation. And it is a corollary principle, that every individual must be held responsible for the way he uses his opportunities and privi leges. From time to time we hear it said that a boy was born on the wrong side of the tracks. And that, of course, implies a hardship and a handicap. But at the same time it must be said that there is an open high way between the two sides of the tracks and that in our American bad side to the good side of the tracks. It can be said with much truth that no man needs to live indefinitely on the wrong side, and if he does so he must accept the responsibility for doing so — at least some part of the respsno-i least some part of the responsibility. No man is responsible for exercising powers he does not command, but every man is responsible for the use of every power within his reach. Student Protest NEW YORK (AP)-About 1,400 students at three city colleges cut classes Thursday to protest the ban by university authorities on campus appearances of controversial speakers. Picketing took place at Hunter College's two campuses in the Bronx and at City College in Manhattan. Area Economy Seen As Best KANSAS CITY (AP) - George W. Mitchell, a new member of the board of governors of the Federal Reserve System in Washington, says the economic climate in the Kansas City area is much better than in other parts of the country. Mitchell attended a meeting of the directors of the Kansas City Federal Reserve Bank and its branches covering western Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Colorado, Wyoming and New Mexico. He said: "The bankers and businessmen from seven states gave me the impression that the Kansas City district is doing well, thanks to the good agricultural situation. The outlook for business and agriculture is regarded optimistically by those close to the picture in this area." dents at Ottawa University. These young people are guests in our country and community, and the impression they receive here are the basis on which they shall judge our nation and our way of life. Our foreign policy and Christian missions is no further away than our very doorstep, or Main Street. "In view of all of this we call upon merchants, businessmen, restaurant operators, barbers and all of our citizens to welcome and serve all persons without distinction or prejudice. We challenge the citizens of Ottawa to make our community a model of democratic living and brotherly love, that no citizen of our city nor any visitor among us shall feel unwanted or unwelcome." THE OTTAWA HERALD Friday, November 10, 1951 J GILLETTE ^ Super Power Bar • Tractor Tires ^ See Us for J FAST, EFFICIENT > TIRE SERVICE ^ on All Tractors! > Right Down Town t 110 West 4th St. •Sam's Tire & ' Supply, Inc. "Imagination Hits the Ceiling" with new concepts in acoustical ceiling tile and correlated floor tile designed by JOHNS - MANVILLE NUZMAN LUMBER L13 E. 1st CH 2-1572 r If appeals fail, Scarbeck, 41, | Cerent status. would not be eligible for parole He whose wealth is created by until he had served 10 years, Jus- the presence of neighbors, custom- tice Department lawyers said. A 3'/ 2 -week trial ended Oct. 27 with Scarbeck's conviction on three counts of passing secret documents to the Communist agents while he was second secretary in the U.S. Embassy at Warsaw. Scarbeck was sentenced to 10 years in prison for each of the system there are a hundred helping hands extended to the boy who wants to cross over from the three guilty counts returned by the jury- Evidence at the trial was that the Poles had surprised him in bed with Ursula Discher, a 23- year-old Polish girl, and blackmailed him into giving them information from the embassy. An hour-long appeal for mercy failed to deter Walsh from meting out the maximum jail sentence. The judge did not impose a fine after Scarbeck's lawyer, Samuel G. Klein, said Scarbeck was penniless. He could have been fined $30,000. ^— — ^—^— Public Auction 935 King Street Ottawa, Kansas Wed., Nov. 15, 1961 (Starting at 1:00 P.M.) Household Goods ond Miscellaneous Six rooms of furniture including Westinghouse refrigerator, nearly new; Skelgas cook range; hand tools; other miscellaneous too numerous to mention. Mary A. Barlow Estate Terms: Cash Not responsible in case of accidents Auctioneers: Harold Stewart and Charles Beatty Clerk: Kansas State Bank Executor: Ed Hosier Harry Says ... Here's news for you . . . nobody but nobody beats our service . . . it's FAST FRIENDLY EFFICIENT The best Auto Parts in town . . . ask your neighbor. Richard—Cleve—Cal—John—Elaine—Harry Shop Service — Bill HARRY SMITH 110 S. Main Ph. CH 2-1522 WWPAYMOW: fOR f INANCING- ,. w 1 • . s x // M'\ x \ v Bee THE NORTH SIDE BANK Tecumseh and Main Dial CH 2-2052 R. S. Hill, Pres. Ed Hosier, Vice Pres. and Cashier Mamie Sands, Asst. Caahier Glen Hayward, Asst. Cashier Howard Deputy, Asst. Cashier Member Federal Deposit insurance Corporation Attention Hunters SHOTGUN SHELLS All Sizes and Gauges at DISCOUNT PRICES See Us for the Lowest Price in Ottawa > CONSISTENT^ QUALITY more milk profits Consistent quality in Mueller fcalk tank manufacturing assures you a high quality performance in the milk house where it pays off in profits. Economical direct-expansion refrigeration in both "atmospheric" and "vacuum" models ... sizes from 90 to 2000 gallons ... built- MUELLER bulk milk tanks in controls and either remote or •elf-contained condensing units. C.t.P. cleaning is an optional choice. Whatever features you prefer, they may be found in one of the varied Mueller models . . . come in and let us give you the complete story. Ask about our economy model "R* teriet 300 Gallon Bulk Tank Completely Installed $1,500 MEETS 3-A STANDARDS The Friendly Store 1104 So. Walnut UnderWOOdpibg. and Trenching CH 2-1264 The one low-price compact that's every bit as lively as it looks- Valiant '62! You're looking at the sports-loving compact car given an award of merit by the Society of Illustrators for design excellence! Come see it! Unlike some compacts, Valiant will take off like a scared kitten at the drop of a "Scat!" You'd have to pay extra for an optional engine in most any other compact at Valiant's price to match Valiant's standard 101-hp Economy Six. A modified version of this engine shot Valiant to victory over all American compacts competing in the 1960 and '61 Daytona Beach compact car competitions! Yet, for all its go, Valiant puts plenty of carefree miles between gas pumps. A Valiant scored 26.13 mpg in the last Mobilgas Economy Run! And this new Valiant has the distinctive good looks to match its gumption. America's most famous artists recently honored the 1962 Valiant. For the first time in seven years, the Awards Committee of the Society of Illustrators has bestowed its coveted citation on a car—Valiant! That's even more proof that the 1962 Valiant Is indeed the Style Leader of the Compacts! For looks and liveliness, you just can't match Valiant at Valiant's low initial price! And this year's Valiant offers a bundle of economy extras. Like half-as-often oil changes and almost-never 32,000-mile lubrication on major chassis points. See your Plymouth-Valiant dealer. Drive the low-price compact that's quality- engineered by Chrysler Corporation. Find out why... Nobody beats VALIANT for value! STYLE LEADER OF THE COMPACTS BOB WHITE MOTOR CO. 118 S. Hickory, Ottawa

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