Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on June 12, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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I B | The Byline of ^y-C-T--^" " Dependability Hope VOLUME 44—NUMBER 205 Star The Weather Arkansas: Little temperature change this afternoon and tonight; scattered thundershowers today and early tonight. Stor of Hops, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, JUNE 12, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY Allies Turn to Lampedusa Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN r> The Poll Tax Misunderstood Around the Town From Macon, Ga., where he is now stationed, Captain Royce Weisenberger sends me an editorial clipping of the Macon Telegraph discussing the poll tax repealer now pending in the congress. Russians Blast Front Lines With 700 Aircraft -Europe Moscow, June 12 — M 1 )-— The 700- planc raid hurled against German air fields along the striring Russian front Thursday night was the greatest Soviet aerial drive of the war and it destroyed 150 Nazi aircraft and spread havoc on runways, hangars, fuel dumps and ammunition depots, Russian dispatches said today. The previous Russian record attack was mounted with 520 planes against Orel a few days ago. Tass, the Russian News Agency, said a considerable fighter force attempted to inctrcept the Russian planes, but while Russian fighters fought them off the big bombers went on to their objectives. ten enemy aircraft were shot down, Tass said, adding that 19 Soviet planes failed to return. (The Germans reported in their broadcast communique recorded by the Associated Press that fighting on the eastern front "was livel- 'This is along the line of your wriling," he nolcd on Ihe margin of Ihc clipping. "However, I find Ihe Northern officers who discuss it don't understand the poll tax." And a pretty good explanation of the poll lax is given by Ihe Macon Telegraph editorial, which says in part: "Here in Georgia, al least the poll tax is nol primarily a franchise lax ... II is a lax to support the public schools of this slalc. "Unlil recent years il was required that persons who wished to register and vole had lo pay all laxcs that they had had an opportunity to pay. "All this is a mere mailer of detail, however. Thc broad foci is that under a long line of supreme court decisions il has been held that, with the exception of provisions of the Fif- tccnlh amendment, forbidding discrimination on the grounds of race, and Ihc Nineteenth amendment, which forbids discrimination on the grounds of sex, the slate is alone empowered to prescribe the conditions of the franchise and no one ever doubted it until this alien attack upon our American instilulions was agilalcd, cul- minaling in the introduction of the bill by the only Communist in congress." * * * Things arc sure peaceable around here. Thc grapevine tells me thai, Miners Protest Against Fine, Some Walkout —Washington By The Associated Press Washington, June 12 (/I 1 )— The approximately 615 Alabama coal .miners who had started a parade of new strikes turned back to work today, given an "out" by Secretary Ickcs to avoid fines lie had proposed for their June 1-5 walkout. They had left three mines yesterday in protest aganisl the fines, but prepared to resume digging coal after Ickcs, as federal boss of the mines, announced that whether the fines would stick was a matter for collective bargaining with operators. However, nearly 1,000 workers at three Windbcy, Pa., mines voted even after Ickcs' announcement to strike. The vast majority of (lie miners over the country stayed on the job. Ickcs had first prpooscd that fines provided for under old contracts ($1 a day for leaving work in most areas, $2 in some; be applied. Have You Seen These Men? NEA Service Telepholo Only two of the five German prisoners who broke out of the internment area at North Camp Hood, Texas, were still at large The fugitives wearing either German uniforms or blue pants and shirts, temporarily eluded soldiers state police local officers and federal agents trying to find them. They are shown above left to right: Indwig Jung and Harold Stalleicjen. Red, RAF, U.S. Bombers Team to Blast Nazis —Europe By EDWARD D. BALL London, Juno 13 —(IP)— The RAF, resuming its deadly offensive against the armament centers of the Reich, sent the greatest force of heavy bombers of the war to attack several targets in the Ruhr and Rhinclnnd last night, concentrating its greatest deluge of bombs on Ducsscldorf, it was announced today. Munslcr was the biggest target among the secondary objectives, the air ministry said, and 43 bombers were lost in the assault which followed by only a few hours a heavy daylight precision raid by 200 American four - cngincd planes Planes Are Senl Against Second Italian Island ~® —Africa . By DANIEL DE LUCE Allied Headquarters in North Africa, June 12 (IP)— Allied air forces which made history by forcing the capitulation of Pantelleria without the intervention of a single ground soldier have turned their full weight on the Italian island of Lampedusa, 80 miles to the south, Gen. D w ig h t D. Eisenhower's Allied Planes Blast 6 Jap Pacific Bases By The Associated Press Gen. Douglas MacArthur's bombers were officially credited headquarters announced today, „ - , today with raining havoc on six Lampedusa, only about half the Japanese strongholds in the arc of \ s i zc o f the rocky, little fortress of 'I'! • icr again yesterday." and said, that 'fighting had erupted 611 the Orel sector with the Russians springing an atlack. Berlin asserted Ihc Rus sians were thrown back.) Another German attempt lo bomb the big Russian armaments cenlor at Gorki, 250 miles cast fo Moscow, was made Thursday night bul most of the bombers were dispersed by Russian fighters, and raiders which did break through dropped bombs haphazardly on dwellings, the agency said. It added seven German planes were shot down. Important Guerrilla successes in repelling a German punitive expedition wore reported meanwhile in delayed dispatches. Thc campaign, interpreted as part of the German preparation bofor c launching the 1943 offensive has resulted in bloody bailies in German-held While Russia, Ihc dispalchcs said. Thc Germans succeeded in pushing the guerrillas back and capturing several populated places in three days of savage fighting, but the reports said the Russians successfully counter - attacked, and in a surprise smash forced the Germans to retreat. The reports said the guerrillas were able to meet attacks from tanks, artillery, armored trains and planes by ambushes and surprise flank attacks although they were armed chiefly with rifles, machine guns and hand grenades. The dispatches said some of the Germans were permitted to advance in long lines from three positions, only to tumble into pits which the Russians had dug and then covered with grass and branches. there being nobody else to lock up in the county jail, Treasurer Newt Pentccosl lured Sheriff Frank Hill into his own bastille yesterday, shot the bolt, and kept him there for an hour. * * A year ago the government lolc us we could have suits but no cuffs —but now I read in the papers that we got zoot suits with fisticuffs. • • » m • Food Supply to Civilians to Be Cut Washington, June 11 — A further tighlening of civilian food supplies was presaged loday by an agriculture department report indicating smaller crop yields this year. Adverse weather conditions in May were said by the department to have reduced crop prospects to Washington, June 12 — (/T 1 )— One small sector of the soft coal fields shut down and another voted to follow suit today protesting government fines on miners for the June 1 walkout. The walkout movement, the third n little more than a month, started in Alabama yesterday when .hrec mines, employing 015 men, lad to stop operations. Nearly 1,600 workers at three Windber, Pa. Pits decided at a meeting last night to strike. The Alabama shutdown was do- scribed as a direct reaction from Pantelleria Base Provides Allied Stepping Stone for An Invasion of Italy Aeronautical Firm Recruiting Stopped Recruiting labor for training in the Shrcveport Aeronautical Insti- lute was halted here Friday afternoon when 3. F. Chapman, representative stationed at Motel Barlow, canceled his local engagement following a conference with the local U. S. Employment Service office. Under the law il is nol possible to recruit labor without making prior arrangements with the U. $. Employment S e r v i c c, and Mr. Chapman announced he was suspending his local interviews and would return to Hope later after making arrangements to proceed in a regular manner. i< Seabee Applicants to Be Interviewed Chief G. G. Young will interview applicants for the Construction Battalion (ScabcesJ at Tcxarkana June 14-15. The quota for Seabees enlistment for Arkansas is unlimited. Men 17 lo 50 who have any experience in construction can qualify. Monday and Tuesday, June and 15. Chief Young will be in ttc Navy Recruiting Office, 501 1 cd- eral Building, Texarkana, to interview and assign ratings to applicants. the point where there no longer is any hope of surpassing the last year's record output. Wilh greater needs in sight, the government had asked for an increase of at least 7 per cent over 1942. War Food Administrator Chester C. Davis called the May flood and drought - inflicted damage "serious" and called upon consumers to "conserve every scrap of food and to waste nothing." In a statement discussing the report, Davis said this year's production of all foodstuffs, including livestock products, will probably reach thai of 1942, provided farmers get average wealher from here on and an adequate supply of labor and materials. The department's crop report said drought in the great plains and excessive rainfall and floods in the central part of the country had lowered prospects during May to the lowest level in three years. Serious delays were caused, it said, in planting corn, soybean, and vegetable crops. In Oklahoma, for example, Ihe season was said to be so late and crop damage so heavy that some farmers will abandon their fields and seek other employment. The department made no forecasts as to probable production o individual crops except in the case of wheat, rye, oats, barley, peaches and pears. Estimates of all were below last year's output. Indicating future supplies of canned vgeelables may be below present ration levels was a stale- menl in the crop report thai growers of processing crops in New York westward lo Illinois had encountered "particularly serious delay" in planting operations, due to excessive rains and floods. One of the few bright spots in the picture is the outpul of eggs. Thc department said production in May was 13 per cent greater than a year ago. Interior Secretary Ickcs' announcement that U nd t c d Mine Workers who struck early the month would be fined $1 a day for each day oft Ihc job under terms of their old contract with the operators. The U.M.W. and ils president John L. Lewis, protested Ihc action, declaring government opera- lion of the mines by itself failed lo continue terms of the contract. The Pennsylvania development, a union official said, was a twofold protest In addition to the fines, the miners were objecting to what they called failure of the Wai- Labor Board (WLB) lo approve a wage increase of $1.30 a day, representing underground travel time. This sum was agreed upon by Lewis and Ihe Central Pennsylvania Producers Association as a compromise after Ihe entire group of operators rejected .flatly the U.M.W. demand for $2 a day more. WLB sources said a decision on the underground travel pay fgiurc •—the focal point in the threc- monlhs-long dispute — would be handed down next week and il was indicated the issue might wind up in Ihc courts. Union officials were reported as believing a law suit should be brought if the leadership thinks the WLB decision is unjust The miners now arc operating under Secretary Ickcs' dircciton on a truce which expires al midnight June 20. (Editors: Wes Gallagher, veteran Associated Press war correspondent, was still in North Africa when the continuous air assault on Pantelleria was begun. He obtained data for the following article from authoritative sources. Gallagher, who accompanied the Allied armies into North Africa last November and filed th<j, first dispatch received in this country from General Eisenhower's headquarters, has just returned to 'the Unilcd Slalcs to recuperate from injuries received in a jeep accident while he was covering the fall of Bi- zcrle.) By WES GALLAGHER New York, June 11 (ffi— Hitler lost his first batlle to keep America and Britain out of Europe as General Dwight D. Eisenhower's forces seized Ilaly's Malta — the tiny island of Pantelleria midway between Sicily and Tunisia. A tiny dab of land on the maps of the Mediterranean, Pantelleria's importance as the first stepping slone lo invade the continent far oulweighls its size. II is the air gateway to Sicily and Sardinia, which in turn are the air gateways to Italy and France. The importance of Pantelleria lies in its airfield and underground hangars. Short range fighters such as Spitfires, Warhawks and Airaeo- bras cannot successfully fly the 90 miles from Tunisia to Sicily, pro- surrendered. From Tunisia the Al .led airforces shifted their attacl to the Italian Malta on a round the clock basis. Admiral Sir An drew Cunningham pounded the is land defenses from the sea and i Africa Alexander and Eisenhowe ordered the gathering of the in vasion force. It is revealing no military sec rjet to say tha.t,.w_bjje thpse force were being gathered other thou ands of battle - eager America and British troops were throw inlo training tasks which will brin no peace of mind to II Duce. General Eisenhower is determined that the Axis will gel no rest in the Mediterranean and the summer is certain to be violent and bloody as the Allies move step by step against Hitler's continental stronghold. Those who expect hourly an oversvhelming assault against the continent by Allied forces might bear in mind that it took the Ger- Wil- gainsl, the naval bases of iclmshavcn and Cuxhavcn. The weight of bombs dropped un- oubtedly exceeded the record 000 tons loosed on Dortmund May 2 and Ihc number of planes used robably was the largest since ,250 RAF bombers of all types— u-gc, medium and light — were ent against Cologne the night of May 30,1942. (Although this dispatch stated hat the formation used last night made up "the greatest force of icpjvy bombers of the war," the actual number employed was not announced.) Duesseldorf was the main ob- ective and a highly concentrated attack was delivered in just over an hour," said the air minsitry communique in telling of the nigh offensive. "Preliminary reports indicate great damage was done. "A smaller force attacked muns ter where good results wer achieved. "Several other targets in th Ruhr and R h i n w 1 a n d wer bombed.' islands above Australia. The raids were highlighted by a 15-planc attack on Koepang which eft the capital of Timor "a mass ! flames." were dropped on Koepang alone as tj nue d last night. mprovcd flying weather sent American heavy Liberators, Mit- hells and other aircraft on wide- pread sorties against the enemy. Forty-two tons of explosives Panelleria which turned in its checks yesterday after the greatest deluge of bombs on so small a target in aerial warfare, began experiencing a similar pounding in the afternoon. The onslaught con- (The Italian High Command, in a communique recorded by the Associated Press from broadcasts, said the Allies had served an ul- Besides Koepang, the targets in- timatum for surrende r of Lampe- luded Dili, on Timor; Rabaul and Gasmata, New Britain; Madang, •Jew Guinea, and Babo, Dutch New Guinea. On the China front, dispatches said Generalissimo Chiang Kai- Shek's armies had gained the up- Jer hand in fierce battles near Yangloushou on the upper Yangtze river front, 40 miles northeast of the big Japanese base of Yochow, and savage fighting was also re ported northeast of the main enemy base of Ichang. Chinese troops pressing their victorious offensive were reported to have destroyed sections of the Canton-Hankow railway in a drive to isolate Yochow, while Chinese dus3) as lhey did at p an f erie ria, but declared the garrison is "heroically resisitng." (Th e communique indicated Allied naval forces also were hitting the island, declaring "air .and naval action yesterday was renewed and increased against hte small garrison of Lampedusa." (The communique announced to the Italians for the first time the fall of the Sicilian straits island which they had looked upon as their Gibraltar. ("Pantelleria, under pressure of. air and sea bombardments without precedence of frequency ; and' scale and without any water ,s , , casualties oh the Japanese garri- ply for the civilian population, was", vido for a landing force Practically all of the olive trees in the United States are in California, with a few in Arizona. Americans Kill 66 More Japs on Attu Washington, June 12 —(/Pi— The navy reported today that in continued fighting in the western Aleutians American bombers raided Japanese installations on Kiska island four times Thursday and that 66 Japanese stragglers have been killed by army patrols on Allu. A Navy communique said: "Norlh Pacific: "1. During Ihc night of June 8- 9lh, Uniled Slates Army patrols on Allu island killed 66 Japanese and capulred one of the area between Sarana Bay and Cape Khlcbnikof. There is no enemy activity on other parts of the island. "2. On June 10th, during the afternoon, Army Micthell (North American B-25) medium bombers. Liberator (Consolidated B-24) heavy bombers 9 and Lightning (Lockheed P-38) , and Warhawk (Curliss P-401 fighters made four attacks on Japanese installations at Kiska. Hits were scored on gun emplacements and along runways. Barges were strafed by the fighters." The total of Japanese casualties reported for June 8-9 raised the aggregate of enemy losses for 1he Attu campaign to 1,911 dead, and 21 captured. The area in which the minor remnants of the enemy are trapped on Attu is at the extreme northeastern tip of the island. by fighting off German fighters and then return to Tunisia. The single motored Allied fighters could fly over Sicily but if engaged in a batlle would nol have cncugh gasoline to return to Tunisia. This meant if an invasion of Sicily were attempted only the American P38 Lightning with its long range could provide fighter cover for the initial landings with the aid of what fighters could be flown from Malta. The Pantellcria airfield will bridge thlio water gap between Sicily and Africa. While the field's capacity is limited it can be used by Allied fighters returning from engagements over Sicily as a refueling point. Bui for this reason, Eisenhower's potential invasion forces might well have bypassed the island. The present stage of Ihe Mediterranean war is a batlle for airbases. From Pantelleria Allied fighters can range over Sicily. From Sicily they can range over southern Italy. From Sicily and Sardinia, Allied bombers and fighters under Lieut. Gen. Carl A. Spaatz and Air Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder can give Hitler's wobbly Axis partner a 24 hour pounding with high explosives. Th c war in the Mediterranean :ias passed from the stage of trying to open the great sea lo ship- Ding nnd drive Hitler from Africa inlo the opening drive to bring Naziism to its knees. Until Ihc Axis had been thrown from Africa the Allied blows were at the mercy of the fortunes of baltlc in Tunisia. With Hitler's Tunisian defeat, the time table shifted from the Axis to the Allies and General Eisenhower and general Sir Harold Alexander, his deputy commander-in-chief, put into effect mans three weeks to capture Crete. At the time the German war machine was at the height of its powers yet for 21 days a handful of British soldiers with rifles and little else held out on the Greek island against overwhelming odds. The larger Axis islands will he much heller defended than Crete was in 1941 and the task is going to be longer and harder. Until they arc taken and their vital airdromes put into use by the Northwest African Air Forces Ihe assault on the continent from Ihe south probably must mark time. Munster is a little more than 6( miles northeast of Duesseldorf an is on the Ems river. Thc air ministry said British intruder patrols also were over the Netherlands where they shot down a German plane last night. The German High Command in a communique broadcast from Berlin and recorded by the Associated Press, declared 54 Brilish and Uniled Slates aircraft, mostly four-engined bombers, were shot down yesterday and last night. It acknowledged the attack on Duesseldorf "caused heavy losses among the population and considerable damage to dwelling houses as well as public buildings," and that the American attacks also caused losses to the Germans. son. In Burma, the land front was quiet, but RAF warplanes bombed the Japanese base at Arkyab on the Bay of Bengal coast and machine-gunned Japanese troops in the area. 10,000 Italian Prisoners on Pantelleria Allied headquarters in North Africa, June 12 — (JP) —More than 10,000 Italians were taken prisoner in the capture of Pantelleria, it was announced officially today. Not a single casually occurred among the Allied troops who landed on the island, so far as is known. The entire group of prisoners on Pantelleria apparently was without a German among them. Three thousand of the prisoners were cnroutc to the mainland this afternoon and the others w ere awaiting transportation. The announcement of the prisoners was accompanied by the official statement that capitulation of the island occurred precisely according to plan. Shoe Stamp Must Last Until Oct. 31 Washington, June 12 — (IP) —The Office of Price Administration (OPA) announced today that the now shoe ration stamp which becomes valid next Wednesday, must last civilians through October 31. The stamp is No. 18 in the sugar- coffee book. Stamp 17, firsl of the shoe ration stamps, expires Tuesday night. The new stamp will have to last for four and one half months, which is 11 days longer than Stamp 17. However, OPA said, the invasion plans long planned. The move to take Pantelleria started within 24 hours afler Colonel General Jurgin Von Arnim New Dual Producer in Macedonia Field Magnolia, June 12 — Wi — The Macedonia field in Columbia county had a new dual producer loday with completion of Tidewater Associated Oil Company's S. T. Dodson Heirs No. 1. The well in 24 hours flowed 840 barrels of oil on a fourth-inch choke from the Cotton Valley sand and 240 barrels of condonsatc on the same size choke from the Smackover lime. 11 was shut in. Tidewater prepared to test its A. O. Young No. 1 on the west edge of Ihe Atlanta, field in section 18-18-19. dates were in line with the policy of providing an average of three pairs per person per year. As in the case of Stamp 17, Stamp 18 will be transferable within a family so that, for instance, a parent who does not need his stamp may use it for a child. The announcement disposed of unofficial reports that OPA would encourage the use of the No. 18 stamp for the purchase of white summer shoes. While OPA has no objection to anyone buying any kind of shoes he prefers, it made it plain il is nol providing any extra stamps for such a purpose. Meanwhile, reports received by the OPA indicated heavy buying of shoes in many communities by people trying to use No. 17 before it expires. In Washington, some slores were so crowded that managers had to close their doors and admil customers one at a time. OPA officials commented that many people purposely delayed ; spending of the No. 17 stamp to shop as long as possible for the I one pair of shoes they could buy. Others, they speculated, merely did not need any shoes at the moment but went out to cash in the stamp before it expires just in case future stamps mighl be needed for different types of shoes Most Liquor Dealers to Keep License Little Rock, June 12 —(/F)— Arkansas' retail liquor dealers are going to keep their permits despite the whiskey shortage, the revenue department decided today. Approximately 430 of the stale's 486 licensed retailers already have re-applied for 1943-44 permits. They have until July 1 to make application. Several months ago when supplies became hard to get the department estimated as many as half of the dealers would go oul of business. One official said he believed Ihe relailers were reapplying even Ihough they didn't plan to remain open full time because they were apprehensive that their permits might not be reissued when stocks became more plentiful. The department policy has been for reissuance to retailers who forced to suspend because of restrictions but there has been no positive assurance thai the permit would be reissued. Arkansas' linuro shortage will be partly relieved shortly when F. Straus Son, one of the stale's principal wholesalers which has been under federal suspension, receives its three-month supply of allocated stocks from distillers. The department said the wholesaler probably would follow the policy of other firms in rationing supplies to retailers. yesterday compelled to cease resisting," the announcement said.) (The Algiers radio today said the' Pantelleria garrison that surrendered was "12,000 to 15,000 strong." Previous estimates had placed the garrison at 8,000.) The concluding phase of the capture of Pantelleria and the initial blows at Lampedusa resulted in the knocking down of 14 enemy ' aircraft yesterday, compared, with ; the loss of three Allied planes. American Marauders led off with the first s,n.ashipg attack on Lampedusa almost before the dust and smoke of the assault on much stronger Pantelleria had _ subsided. ; Other Allied planes kept up the ' bombardment until nightfall, when the RAF's Wellingtons, the night workhorses, took up the shuttle of destruction. The Americans said eight to ten small craft in Larnpedusa's only harbor were covered by strings of bombs and one large explosion was nolcd. The island's defenses already have been tested by light Bntisn naval forces from Malta wnich put ashore a landing party early this week, losing only Iwb men. Unlike Pante'leria, Lwrnpedusa has served ovily as a secondary Italian air and submarine base at any time, nnd much of its effectiveness is reported to have been destroyed by bombing from Malta as early as last Ffb'Mary, Only seven by Iwo miles in size, il is even less strongly held than Pantelleria, apparently is without its own air cover and is even farther from Axis air and sea support than was Pantelleria. Heavy bombers from the Desert Air Force, however, were busy seeing to it that no aid would be forthcoming, and lasted at Reg' gioa Calabria on the toe of Italy Thursday night. A hangar was ; blown up and others set afire. Malta airmen also attacked targets at Pozzallo and Milazoo in Sicily. During the final dramatic hours of the surrender of Pantelleria, 45 miles off Cap Bon and the first enemy island fortress ever to succumb to air power alone, Allied airmen were over the srtonghold continuously and soon after mid.- day warded off 50 to 60 German dive-bombers which attempted to break up the British invasion convoy. Fourteen of the dive - bombers were shot down, however, and only two Allied planes were lost. (The claim, not borne out by any Allied source, was made by the German radio today that an 8,000- lon troop transport and 13 landing boats were sunk in the German at- lack. Three cruisers, eight other warships and six transports were heavily damaged, the radio as- serled. The first brislling protection for the convoy was furnished by Lieut. Col. Arthur Salisbury of Sedalia, Mo., and American Warhawk Gen. DeGaulle Apparently Gets Way Algiers, June 12 — (ff> — The French committee for national liberation was reliably reported today to have reached an agreement to discharge high Army officers with anti - Allied Fascist or Petainist backgrounds, bowing to a demand made by Gen. Charles de Gaulle under threat of resigning. The source, which may be identified by name, said the committee was expected to take action tonight on the controversial Army reorganization question. De Gaulle and six olher members of the committee were said to be in accord | and this was interpreted to mean ; pilots he commanded in African the whole group would accept the Fighting French leader's view. Continued on Page Four)

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