Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa on April 21, 1976 · Page 3
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Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa · Page 3

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Carroll, Iowa
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Wednesday, April 21, 1976
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Page 3
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Carroll Daily Times Herald Comment & Feature Page Wednesday, April 21,1976 New Look at Crime Inside Report Penologists and others involved in the serious study of criminal behavior in the United States appear to be turning in favor of harsher penalties for lawbreakers. The reasons for the changing attitude are both pragmatic and scientific. On the practical side, a look at the constantly increasing crime rate and record number of prisoners — so high in some states, as Iowa is finding out, that prison overcrowding is a serious problem — tells us that the techniques of the past simply are not working. Repeat offenders make up a high percentage of prison populations, again evidence of past failures. One of those who believes a rehabilitation has failed to reduce crime is Robert Martinson, a sociologist with the City University of New York. A review of 231 programs directed at rehabilitating the criminal in various parts of the nation between 1945 and 1967 has convinced Martinson that "the rehabilitative efforts that have been supported so far have had no appreciable effect on recidivism." Perhaps the problem is that too few have looked at crime from the criminal's point of view. Which is likely to be the stronger deterrent to crime, the certainty of capture and conviction coupled with'a mandatory sentence or the good chance of plea bargaining to a lesser offense, and early parole and other measures of leniency? The arguments over what to do with the criminal and how to stop him from becoming one in the first place continue, but sentiment appears to be leaning more to the side of the law-abiding citizen who is becoming fed up. Four Tax Months If it seems the tax burden gets a little heavier each year, perhaps it is. Tax Foundation, a research organization specializing in tax matters, figures the average taxpayer this year will'have to work' until May 1 just to pay his local, state and federal tax bills. It is the foundation's way of demonstrating the other side to the "benefits" government bestows upon its subjects. Last year the foundation figured the cutoff date when the taxpayer stops working for government, and begins working for himself was April 30. So it is true that for the average taxpayer at least, the burden has become heavier in. the last year. Because federal taxes were reduced slightly within the last year, the blame for an increasing burden now falls on local and state taxing bodies. Not figured in the foundation's computations is that the not-so-hidden tax — inflation — which may not be spelled out in any tax tables but takes its slice of the pie just the same. Taxpayers this year would settle for bringing the tax of inflation under control. It is the one tax which depletes earnings without creating a thing. Slight cold: something Mother has. Bad case of flu: the same thing when Dad has it. What Others Are Saying — Keokuk Daily Gate City (John Marlon) Last week was unusual; I spent Wednesday through Saturday in Des Moines . . . Wednesday, Thursday and part of Friday morning I attended sessions of the Iowa Legislature ....;•., I absolutely cannot believe the unfair, foolish;'iriexcusable behavior of the majority party in the House of Representatives . . . The entire session costs the taxpayers $30,000 every day it meets; the legislature came to order (in a loose sense of the word order), on January 12 and has accomplished nothing to date. The Senate has done its work. The main culprit is the Democratic leadership in the House. At the first half of this sixty-fifth General Assembly in 1975, the Democrats had a 61-39 majority; due to.a special election, the party now has a 62-38 majority and can pass any bill it wants at any time. Instead, the leaders of the Democratic party, not the majority of Democrats in the House, but the leaders, are fighting among themselves so much that they accomplish nothing. Last year Dale Cochran tended to his business as Speaker of the House, and Jerry Fitzgerald tended to his business as House majority leader. This year Cochran seems to want to run the whole thing; his actions have tended to split the party. A majority of the Democrats were new to such work in' January 1975; they still need help and are not getting it from the leadership. Some of Cochran's rulings as speaker are unbelievable. Thursday afternoon Tom Higgins, a Democrat from Davenport who was Fitzgerald's roommate last year when both were bachelors and who now has Fitzgerald's new wife as his secretary, rose to his feet and quite soundly blasted the Democratic leadership. He accused them of completely failing to lead. Speaker Cochran immediately gaveled him "out of order," but the cat was out of the bag; there is "trouble in paradise." Seldom have ' the Democrats controlled the Iowa Legislature. Today they have more registered voters in Iowa than have the Republicans, but the huge , number of independent voters who • hoJd the balance of power are justifiably going to turn the Democrats out of office or cut their majority way down if this session continues as it is going. I don't think one party should dominate completely any legislative body as the Republicans have in Iowa in the past. The Senate has an excellent split. If such were the case in the House, it wpuld be s as up-to-date as the Senate. < In the Senate there are 26 Democrats and 24 Republicans. ; Democrat Senator Karl Nolin of Ralston is seriously ill and has been hospitalized almost the entire ; session. As a result of Nolin's illness, the split is usually 25-24, and the Democratic and Republican leaders .really cooperate with eacft other. The Weakness of 'ABC' By Roland Evans and Robert Novak HARRISBURG, Pa. — The coalition of formerly feuding Democratic politicians and labor leaders contrived to stop Jimmy Carter in Pennsylvania is burdened by decaying organization, tardy preparation and a stultifying lack of enthusiasm for the coalition's candidate, Sen. Henry M. Jackson. The -nature and weakness of the stop-Carter movement is typified by the private attitude of a prominent Pennsylvania labor leader. "I am very, very dubious about Scoop being nominated, and so is everybody else." he told us. "But that's not what this is about." What this effort is about is "ABC" — Anybody But Carter. Aware that outsider Carter winning in the April 27 Pennsylvania primary might clinch the presidential nomination, insiders here — worried about doors being closed to them — have temporarily forgotten past blood feuds to unite behind Jackson, Thus, the Pennsylvania showdown mirrors what the race for the nomination has become nationally.: remnants of the Democratic establishment desperately trying to survive by stopping Carter. Never have organized labor and regular party organizations posed so monolithic a front in a Pennsylvania Democratic primary. In Philadelphia, even Mayor Frank Rizzo and his blood enemy, city Democratic leader Pete Camiel. are on the same side. So is Goy. Milton Shapp. operating through his political lieutenant. Democratic state chairman Harvey Thiemann. After recently agreeing on a unified statewide slate of pro-Jackson delegates, Thiemann and state Public Utilities Commissioner Mike Johnson, the state's top labor political operative. shook hands and agreed how nice it was to be on the same side this time. In the 1972 primary, the establishment was split — labor and Johnson supporting Sen. Hubert Humphrey (the winner), the party and Thiemann backing Sen. Edmund Muskie (the loser). United in 1976. Thiemann and Johnson feel confident they can crush Carter. Thiemann's confidence was bolstered by a recent tour of smaller counties, during which he observed no Carter campaign at all. Indeed, hardly any experienced politicians have joined Carter (Pittsburgh's maverick Mayor Pete Flaherty and brother Jim Flaherty, chairman of the County Commissioners, being exceptions). Advice 'Heartburn Leads to Divorce' By Abigail Van Buren DEAR ABBY: it you want to know why so many teenage marriages go on the rocks, just stand around a supermarket and notice what those young wives put into their shopping carts. Nothing but TV dinners, frozen chicken pies and boxes of mixes. Anything that's quick and easy. Don't they teach girls in home economics how to make spaghetti, roast a chicken and broil fresh fish? It's no wonder so many young husbands would rather grab a bite with "the boys" than come home for supper. Somebody should tell those lazy wives that the way to a man's heart is still through his stomach. GRANDMA DEAR GRANDMA:There are plenty of young wives who can't slice a salami straight, and their husbands love them Congressional Report Farm Census by Congressman Tom-Harkih •<*< Majority Leader George Kinley and Minority Leader Clifton Lamborn talk things over with each other. In the House Majority Leader Fitzgerald seldom bothers to consult with Minority Leader F.loyd.Millen... ..... Milleh'as minority- leader.,has .the .'.• . mo'st' frustrptting'yjob 'in the- • '. legislature. The' minority party's job is to keep the majority party "honest," according to a definition by Speaker Cochran, but it's- impossible with more than a two-to-one minority. I have never seen the House so disorganized: people wander back and forth on the floor, all kinds of people, visitors, representatives' secretaries, press, legislators, students, anyone who wants to get into the act. Seldom do all the members pay attention to the person who has the floor. The place is so noisy it's distracting. I was trying to listen to what was going on, and I was a wreck from the confusion. I had to go over to the Senate occasionally to regroup my shattered thoughts. - The Senate has completed all its business and is just marking time for the House to catch up. The result ' is that the senators are taking up bills they didn't intend to discuss. With all this delay, in the House, the leadership adopted a four day week which was foolishly observed for several weeks, but now they are back on a five day week, so last week the Senate took a four day week. Everything will pile up and.a batch of bad bills will be passed at the last minute. The atmosphere in the House is carnival-like. One day someone brought in a large amount of donuts, so the House •.; had a five minute donut break. Another time the same thing happened with a cake. There was a five minute cake break which prompted our representative John Clark, to observe, "We get paid $8,000 and all the cake we can eat." Clark has also named the session "One Flew Over the Golden Dome" in the mornings, and "Dale Cochran, Dale Cochran," in the afternoons. There are many sincere legislators in both parties in the House who are really disgusted and impatient with the happenings. "Quote/Unquote" "... (the month of) March was (Mayor of Philadelphia) Frank Rizzo's Rubicon. He stood naked for all to see. Those who are associated with him now, in any endeavor, no matter what its purpose, have had ample warning of the kind of future he brings. They cannot plead ignorance. They are a part of his apparatus. That is the way history and their children will remem- 'ber them." —Excerpt from an editorial in Philadelphia Magazine after Mayor ' Rizzo's supporters presented those employes attempting to enter the off ice. of a newspaper criticizing the i mayor. Recently. I introduced a bill to abolish the outmoded. 5-year Census of Agriculture and require the USDA to use modern, scientific sampling methods instead. Of late, the farm census has been grossly inaccurate — and this-is reason enough for change. But in addition. many farmers consider the farm "census an unnecessary invasion of , privacy — arid some refuse to answer it at.all. Nof answering the farm census'. of course, is against the law. But I agree with every farmer who considers it too long', too time-consuming and too personal. So the law ought to be changed. The farm census has underestimated hog production, for example, by as much as 35 per cent in the past. One census was out of reckoning on cotton production by 10 per cent. Such poor results have ncTvalue for government or business or anyone who must have an accurate picture of American agriculture to do long-range planning. Furthermore, the farm census makes unrealistic demands on the average farmer's time and good nature. The 200-item questionnaire is mailed t'o about 6.000.000 farmers, none of whom can really spare the hours needed for detailed calculations. As a result, farm census tabulations tend to be little more than approximations in many cases. A better approach to gathering meaningful farm statistics is to realize — as both science and common sense , tell us — that yb*u don't have to drink to ocean'dry in order to know it's salty. Just as you sample corn for moisture content, you can sample America's farmers for significant information. Scientific survey methods have an error of as little as 2 per cent or less with proper sampling — a fact has already led USDA's Statistical Reporting Service to use modern methods almost exclusively. The scientific approach is also used by various public opinion researchers, such as the Gallup and Harris polls, and the Iowa Poll conducted by the DCS Moines Register. Opinion pollsters regularly achieve excellent accuracy based on interviews with fewer than a thousand scientifically selected persons. Of course, the prognosticators can occasionally be wrong — such as when the TV networks predict one winner in a close election and next morning's results are something else. But if USDA's sample-based,estimate of hog production is off by that same gnat's whisker, nobody is going to feel bad the next morning! I estimate my bill to abolish the farm census would save about $15.000.000. and trim down the federal job roster by from 60 to 120 unnecessary bureaucrats. Scientific sampling and survey methods have been around for years, so it is high time to pack the Census of Agriculture away,in mothballs. It belongs in the Smithsonian Museum, next to the dinosaurs. to pieces between attacks of indigestion and heartburn. Then there are gourmet cooks who could win prizes for their souffles, but their husbands prefer other "dishes." And by the way, Grandma, there's more than one way to a man's stomach, DEAR ABBY: After so many letters of response, I would think that the man who wants to sue his parents for having him circumcised feels like people are picking on him. Well, buddy, I have one thing to say to. you: Consider yourself lucky that you don't live in the 18th century. Back in those days, they castrated young males to combine the power of the adult male singer with the high range of the female alto or soprano. Compared to that, I'd say that you got off lucky. IOWAN DEAR IOWAN: That's news to me. I'm unable to document your statement but would appreciate it if you would. DEAR ABBY: Every Easter since we have been married, my husband has bought me an Easter plant. I have told him a dozen times'that I would much rather have a corsage, but he goes right ahead the next Easter and buys me a plant. .,•...,,.-.. He says a-plant is more practical because he can plant^it in the yard later. 1 say if that is what he has in mind when he buys me an Easter gift, he is thinking of HIMSELF, not ME. What do you think? PREFERS A CORSAGE DEAR PREFERS: You should be glad he remembers you at all. When it comes to expressing gratitude for your husband's thoughtfulness at Easter. you certainly do lay an egg. CONFIDENTIAL TO ROGER: People who live in glass houses shouldn't get stoned. Berry's World WARNING TRAINED ATTACK. DOG ON PREMISES i ©1976 by NEA. Inc. Thus, party leaders see a relatively easy Jackson win with Carter running so poorly he may finish third behind Rep. Morris Udall — a misjudgment stunning in its distance from reality. The regulars have misinterpreted the absence of familiar faces as the absence of any Carter campaign. Mayor Flaherty, who ran statewide only two years ago as U.S. Senate nominee, was amazed to attend a meeting of Carter supporters in Erie and find not a soul he knew. Carter's backers were insurance agents, small merchants and other white-collar workers — all new to politics. Such newcomers forming the Carter cadre provide the only presidential campaign activity in many areas — in Scranton. for example. The regular delegate candidates there, while part of the statewide "pro-Jackson" slate formed by Thiemann, say nothing about Jackson and identify themselves as Humphrey supporters. This points to the real interests of the Pennsylvania ABC movement: electing their own as national convention delegates. pro-Jackson for now but poised to embrace Humphrey. Coalition leaders from Gov. Shapp down show little interest in the preferential primary (or "beauty contest") which will be stressed on national television and could finish off Jackson as a viable candidate. Nor do some key Jackson backers disguise their true desires. President I.VV. Abel of the United Steel Workers, who delivered a 1972 seconding speech for Jackson and supports him again this year, told us candidly in an interview at the union's Pittsburgh headquarters: "We're Humphrey men. But since Humphrey is not running, we're for Jackson." Abel forecasts Humphrey's nomination. That union chiefs view Jackson as a faceless proxy for Humphrey adds no zest to the performance of organized labor, entering the 1976 primary campaign far later and far less adequately prepared than in 1972. One Pennsylvania political expert has advised the Carter campaign that labor in this primary is a toothless tiger and no source for great anxiety. Philadelphia's regular Democrats, one of the last functioning old-fashioned organizations, surely will deliver a huge majority for Jackson. But Carter is strong in the central part of the state, suggesting the statewide outcome will be decided in western Pennsylvania ' 'generally and Pittsburgh particularly. M M Henqe. the'.Jackson campaign in 1 Pittsburgh at this writing is worth examining. The regular organization is in such decay it is of no use at all. Organized labor has been slow to mobilize. There is neither Jackson money nor Jackson volunteers. Public visibility of his campaign: zero. Put in those terms; Jimmy Carter's fight against the combined labor-Democratic machine of Pennsylvania is no herculean task. Indeed. April 27 could well demonstrate the final impotency of the old guard in Democratic politics and the final failure of "ABC." DAILY TIMES HERALD 508 North Court Street Carroll, Iowa Daily Except Saturdays, Sundays and Holidays other than Washington's Birthday and Veteran's Day, by the Herald Publishing Company. JAMESW. WILSON, Publisher W. L. REITZ, News Editor JAMES B.WILSON, . Vice President, General Manager Entered as second-class matter at the post-office at Carroll, Iowa, under the act of March 2,1817. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP dispatches. Official Paper of County and City Subscription Rates By carrier delivery per week $ .60 BY MAIL Carroll County and AM Adjoining Counties where carrier service is not available, per year $20.00 Outside of Carroll and Adjoining Counties in Zones 1 and 2 per year $23.00 All OtherMail inthe United States, per year $27.00 High Spirits Answer to Previous Puzzle ACROSS 1 Merriment 5 Moments of elation (coll.) 8 a good time 12 Edges 13 Enclosure 14 Among 15 Black cuckoos 16 Paulo. Brazil 17 Exercise power 18 Thoroughfare 20 Deteriorate 22 Animal fluids 24 Recliners 25 Water barrier 28 Man's nickname 29 Precious stone 30 Roman date 32 Visible 36 Boy's name 38 Koko's weapon 39 Vivid color 40 Ship-shaped clock 42 Heavy weight 43 Voluble talk (coll.) 45 Buttonlike device 47 Constrain 49 In high spirits 53 Russian city 54 Possess 56 Knots (Latin) 57 Chateaubriand hero 58 Twice (music) 59 Collection of laws 60 Urges (Scot.) 61 Individual 62 Guido's high notes DOWN 1 Mardi 2 Fluff 3 Near East potentate 4 Sigmoids 5 Toward the source 6 Legume 7 Winter precipitation 8 Certain English dogs 9 Pastime 10 More . depraved 11 Gardens ol joy 19 Conger 21 Early Russian saint 23 Trembling poplars 25 Indistinct 26 Commotion 27 Gaiety 31 Church towers 33 Simulation 34 New (comb, form). 35 Round number 37 Inactive 41 Replete (suflix) 43 Tally-mark 44 Close observer 46 Social event 48 Timber wolf 50 Instrument 51 Scandinavian saga 52 Loses life 55 Be victorious 1 12 15 18 2 3 4 1 19 13 16 21 8 14 17 22 124 25 30" 36 27 43 44 47 53 57 60 39 11 34 35 54 58 61 r- 56 59 62 50 51 52 21

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