The Editor sdys: It takes a country boy 20 years to get to town -and $100,000 to get back. Hempstead County- Home of the Bowie Knife Star Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn VOL. 76-No. lfr-12 Pages HOPE. ARKANSAS THURSDAY. OCTOBER 31. 1974 Av. net paid circulation 6 months ending Sept. 30, 1974— 4,118 As tiled with Audit Bureau of Circulations, subject to audit. PRICE IOC Vote FOR all state-wide proposals in general election Tuesday, Nov.5 Ed. Note: This is the second of a series of editorials on the general election ballot which will confront you next Tuesday, Nov. 5. There are four state-wide proposals on the ballot in next Tuesday's general election, three of them dealing with the difficulties Arkansas faces because officials' salaries are written into the state constitution — that is, salaries are frozen at a time when inflation is lowering the value of the dollar every year. We think you should vote FOR all of these measures. We'll cite you an example. For many years Arkansas had a frozen schedule of Workmen's Compensation benefits for persons injured in industrial accidents. The cost of living rose, and it was proposed to the voters that the benefit schedule be increased. Insurance people opposed the increase, warning us it would raise our insurance costs. But we supported the higher schedule editorially, regardless. Common sense told us the increase was a fair one. Today Arkansas' governor is paid $10,000 a year. That's less than most department managers are paid in medium-size private businesses. That's a ridiculous salary for the head of a state whose annual budget runs into millions of dollars. We need to take salary-fixing out of the Constitution, state-wide and locally, and assign it to public commissions—making pay schedules flexible to meet today's rising cost-of-living. This is the issue before you in next Tuesday's election. Here are the proposals showing how the ballot should be marked: AMENDMENT NO. 54; A proposal to require competitive bidding in the purchase of printing, stationery and supplies. Self-explanatory, and Hope Star has no job printing or supply department. one. We'll vote for it, and suggest you mark your ballot as shown below, following which we give our analysis. FOR AMENDMENT NO. 57 AGAINST AMENDMENT NO. 57 X FOR AMENDMENT NO. 54 AGAINST AMENDMENT NO. 54 AMENDMENT NO. 55: To create a legislative and executive compensation commission. FOR AMENDMENT NO. 55 AGAINST AMENDMENT NO. 55 X AMENDMENT NO. 56; Proposing the revision of county government and the establishment of salaries and compensation of county officers. Like the state officials the officers of the counties have faced inflated living costs with their income frozen in the constitution. No. 56 provides flexible means of matching salaries to living costs. FOR AMENDMENT NO. 56 AGAINST AMENDMENT NO. 56 X AMENDMENT NO. 57; A proposal to abolish the Constitution's limit of 10 per cent on interest and give the General Assembly authority to fix the lawful limit on interest. This is the controversial When the Arkansas Constitution was written putting a 10 per cent limit on interest no one dreamed that the Federal Reserve Board rediscount rate would today hover between 9 and 10 per cent and the loan rate by the largest banks to their largest customers (called the prime rate) would today be between 11 and 12 per cent. What this means is that Arkansas' bank loans are limited to what money is available here at home. Banks can not .draw on Federal Reserve funds by discounting local loans, because the Reserve loan rate is close to the Arkansas 10 per cent ceiling, virtually wiping out the local bank's profit. Nor can the banks borrow from the big banks in St. Louis, Chicago, and New York—because they would have to pay the big banks a higher rate of interest than they could collect from their home customers. Scoffers point to the many new buildings that banks have built and say, "The banks aren't hurting." That's a superficial view. Certainly the banks aren't hurting. It is currently reported that Arkansas banks are sending millions of dollars to other states to be loaned put at legal rates above our state's 10 per cent ceiling. Perhaps this is what financed the new bank buildings. But we aren't thinking about the banks—the banks can take care of themselves. The people we are thinking about are the people who have to borrow—either at the banks or from the installment credit firms when buying merchandise on "time." What's at stake here is not the rate of interest but the probability that loan money, already diminished, will become still more scarce. Our guess is that the first people to be hurt will be those who suddenly discover they can't find a taker for installment notes. .-Your editor today owns no bank stock. But he was educated in banks and insurance offices, and for more than 48 years held 90 shares in the Miners National Bank of Wilkes-Barre, Pa., selling it off when we acquired Mrs. C.E. Palmer's 26 control shares in Star Publishing Co. in 1968. We do business with both local banks, but fully collateralized, and have alternate sources of funds within our family—so the banks have no voice in our editorial policy. We are qualified to judge Proposed Amendment No. 57 and its benefits to the public, and it is our judgment that No. 57 should be adopted. The choice is yours. If you den't listen now, don't expect us to listen to complaints later on that scarce installment money has vanished. Two wounded, 1 dead in shooting at L.R. LITTLE ROCK (AP) — A policeman and a ticket agent were wounded and an unidentified man was shot to death in a struggle at the Continental Trailways Bus Station in downtown Little Rock Wednesday Star Ballot Amendment No. 54 (For competitive bids on state printing) For Amendment No. 54 Against Amendment No. 54 D Amendment No. 55 (To establish commission to fix state officials' salaries) For Amendment No. 55 Against Amendment No. 55 Amendment No. 56 (For revision of county ernment) For Amendment No. 56 Against Amendment No. 56 gov- Amendmeat No. 57 (To abolish constitutional ceiling of 10 per cent interest and permit legislature to regulate interest rates) For Amendment No. 57 Against Amendment No. 57 Hempstead County Local Option For Liquor Against Liquor night, authorities said. Sgt. Bo Marshall of the Little Rock Police Department identified the policeman as Arvard Brown, about 24, of Little Rock. Marshall said Brown, a beat officer at the bus station, was undergoing surgery this morning at St. Vincent Infirmary for a gunshot wound in the right leg. Marshall said Brown was in "good and stable" condition. Richard F. Drake, the ticket agent, suffered a gunshot wound in the right hand. He was treated at St. Vincent Infirmary and released. Authorities were uncertain of the dead man's identity because he had conflicting papers on him. Officers found a Louisiana drivers' license on the dead man. Marshall said the dead man, possibly in his mid 30s, was creating a disturbance over allegedly refusing to pay a bill. "He was loud, an obvious disturbance," Marshall said, noting that the man had been involved in another alleged disturbance at the station the night before. Marshall said Brown began to question the unidentified man in the passenger's waiting area about the disturbance when the struggle began. "The assailant went for the officer's gun, and the assailant and officer were struggling on the floor," Marshall said. Sgt. Willie Harris of the Little Rock Police Department said the alleged assailant got Brown's gun and shot Brown in the leg. "Then, the ticket agent was trying to help the officer and got shot in the hand," Harris added. Marshall said the Police Department received a call at 10:40 p.m. about the incident and that several police units were sent to the scene. Marshall said one of the officers observed a man in the bus parking area holding a police service revolver in his right hand. "The officer ordered the subject to halt and drop the weapon at which time the subject turned on the officer and pointed the weapon at him," Marshall said. "He was again ordered to drop the weapon as the officer took cover by his police car. There was an exchange of gunfire with the officer." Marshall said authorities did not know early today if the alleged assailant was wounded at this time. The alleged assailant then ran back into the station and "two or three" additional shots were fired. "...The assailant dropped the revolver...ran out onto Main Street and fell on the sidewalk. He was dead." Marshall said the alleged assailant had been shot apparently once in the lower part of the back. Refugee camp shelled By The Associated Press Israeli gunboats shelled a Palestinian refugee camp on the southern Lebanese coast early today, and Palestinian guerrillas claimed five civilians were killed and 13 were injured. The Israeli military command said the target was a guerrilla base inside the Rash- idiye refugee camp about nine miles north of the Israeli-Lebanese border. The attack was part of Israel's "systematic offensive war against the terrorists," the Israeli command said. It added there was no return fire and all the boats returned safely. It was the first Israeli naval raid since May 19. The Rash- idiye camp was the target then, too. Arab gunners later fired several rockets into the Israeli border settlement of Biranit, the Israeli command said. No casualties were reported. In the wake of the Arab summit conference in Rabat, the Cairo newspaper Al Ahram said Egyptian Premier Abdel Aziz Hegazi asked Egypt's "battle committees" to review existing civil and popular defense plans and "prepare the masses once again for the possibility of a new Middle East war." The summit recognized the guerrilla leaders of the Palestine liberation Organization as the government of the West Bank of the Jordan river when that territory is released. MRS. C. E. PALMER Widow of publisher dies at 85 CAMDEN, Ark. (AP) — Bettie M. Palmer, 85, of Texarkana, widow of C. E. Palmer, died here late Wednesday night after a long illness. Mrs. Palmer, a Texarkana resident since 1910, at one time served as president and director of Texarkana Newspapers Inc..Southern Newspapers Inc., Banner-News Publishing Co., Associated Arkansas Newspapers Inc., Gazette Building Corp., and Palmer Realty Corp. Her husband, Clyde E. Palmer of Texarkana, died July 4, 1957, at the age of 80. He was publisher of newspapers hi Hot Springs, El Dorado, Magnolia, Texarkana and Camden. ,Mrs. Palmer, borp Bettie Maines on May. IB, 1889 in Cleveland, Tenn., was the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Thpmas A. Maines. She married Palmer in Fort Worth, Tex., on Feb. 2, 1910, about one year after Palmer had gone into the newspaper business in Texarkana. Mrs. Palmer was a member of the Texarkana Pioneers Association, the Daughters of the American Revolution, the Pilot Club, and the former Pine Street Presbyterian Church of Texarkana. She served many years as a member of the Board of Trustees of St. James Day School in Texarkana. She was active in philanthropic affairs, serving on the Board of Directors of the Palmer Foundation, which recently donated $50,000 to Texarkana Community College to be used toward the construction of a library now known as the Bettie M. and Clyde E. Palmer memorial library. Prior to the death of her husband, Mrs. Palmer devoted herself principally to family affairs and spent most of her summers at a house on Lake Hamilton in Hot Springs where she enjoyed her favorite recreation, fishing. She is survived by two daughters, Mrs. Walter E. Hussman of Camden, and Mrs. Alden Mooney of Hot Springs; six grandchildren; and 12 great-grandchildren. Funeral arrangements will be under the direction of Texarkana Funeral Home. Flash flood hits Killeen KILLEEN, Tex. (AP) — Police said today that seven persons are unaccounted for after a flash flood on Nolan Creek swept away a car and several mobile homes during the night. Rain measured unofficially at more than five inches in about four hours set off the flash flooding in this Central Texas town, where many families of soldiers at nearby Ft. Hood live. William Platt, an Army man from Ft. Hood, said a car in which he and two companions were riding was carried into the creek. He said that they were forced to climb out a window. Hostages rescued, convicts captured THE HAGUE, 'Netherlands (AP) — Dutch police and marines fired magnesium grenades early today to temporarily blind four convicts holding 15 persons hostage in a prison chapel, then captured the men and rescued the hostages unharmed. "Several shots were fired in the air by the marines, but there were no casualties," Police Chief Albert Peijster said. The operation was over in 15 minutes, officials said. The hostages, who included two women, were taken to police headquarters and then to their homes. They had been captives since Saturday night, but a police spokesman said they were in "surprisingly good condition." The four convicts were hurried off to cells. One of them was a 23-year-old Palestinian guerrilla, Adnan Ahmad Nuri, serving a five-year sentence for helping to hijack and burn a British airliner last March. The other three were an Algerian and two Dutchmen, all serving terms for armed robbery. The convicts had demanded a plane to take them to an undisclosed foreign country and also that Nuri's confederate in the March hijacking, Sami Houssin Tamimah, be allowed to join them. Justice Minister Andrics van Agt told a news conference the government never intended to grant the demands. Peijster and van Agt refused to give details of the rescue at Scheveningen prison "because we may have to do it again." But police sources gave this account: The police waited until 4 a.m. because they thought some of the convicts would be asleep. Then they hurled magnesium grenades through the chapel windows and at the same time cut the lock on the chapel door with acetylene torches. The latter process took about 10 seconds. Psychiatrists had advised the police that the noise of the exploding grenades and the glaring light of the burning magnesium would confuse, frighten and blind the convicts for at least that long. Fifteen marines and policemen wearing bulletproof vests rushed through the door. The , convicts, who were armed with \ two pistols and several spring knives, were taken completely by surprise. They did not fire a shot. The hostages, most of whom were members of a neighborhood choir that performs regularly at the prison, waved to newsmen as they were driven away in a bus. The four convicts took over the chapel Saturday night during Mass and held 22 persons hostage, including the priest, two prison guards, three women and four children. They released a 73-year-old man, a woman and the four children on Sunday and Monday and another man with heart trouble on Wednesday. Local option letters to The Editor Editor The Star: I am writing to clarify one particular point that has been made regarding the local liquor option. Let me say at the outset that what I am about to write should not be understood to mean that I am either for or against the option. I write only to clarify an important point. On Tuesday evening,Oct. 29,1 listened to the KXAR broadcast of the debate on this issue. Let me parenthetically applaud the station for holding public debate on the various election issues. It is a valuable service to the community. Shortly after I tuned in I heard someone call the station to ask the question: "What does the Bible say about alcohol?" I felt this was a significant question that all thoughtful Christians would want to consider. Lance Jones replied that the Bible says that Jesus turned water into wine. Then I was shocked when I heard one of the ministers on the panel remark that Jesus turned the water into unfermented grape juice. I must speak a word for the clear truth here, because what that minister said is not true. Either he is ignorant of the facts, or else he is lying, because his words stand against every English translation of the Bible since the King James Version, and every Biblical scholar of any reputation. What translator would say that the word "wine" stands for a Hebrew or Greek word which means "unfermented grape juice?" If the word had meant "Unfermented grape juice," then the translators would have translated it that way. The fact is that there are no Biblical Hebrew or Greek words for unfermented grape juice. Common sense will tell you why this is so. Bible times predate the development of methods of sanitation and pasteurization. Consequently, grape juice began fermenting within six hours after it was pressed from the grapes, no matter how it was stored. There was simply no way to preserve Miss your paper? City Subscribers: If you fail to receive your Star please phone 777-3431 between 6 and 6:30 p.m.—Saturday before or by 5 p.m. and a carrier will deliver your paper. it as grape juice. There are Hebrew and Greek words for new wine, but even this was intoxicating as seen from the fact that at Pentecost, people thought the apostles were drunk with new wine. There may be good and reasonable arguments for opposing the sale of alcohol, but a minister who says that Jesus drank unfermented grape juice seriously jeopardizfes .Jhis., credibility. He either lacks knowledge or veracity. What then of the thoughtful question, "What does the Bible say about alcohol?" the honest answer is that the Bible unquestionably condemns drunkenness in both the Old and New Testaments. Proverbs 23 puts drunkards and gluttons on the same level. But, the Bible does not unequivocally condemn alcohol. The Old Testament seems to praise and condemn it equally. While Proverbs 20:1 says: "Wine is a mocker," the Psalmist praises God that He has given "wine to gladden the heart of man." (Psalm 104:15), The New Testament does not condemn wine at all. Jesus not only turned water into wine, but drank it Himself, and was accused of being a winebibber. Paul suggested to Timothy that he drink it in moderation to settle his stomach. And, of course, Jesus used wine to celebrate the Last Supper, and commanded us to do likewise. It seems fair to conclude from this that while the Bible does condemn drunkenness, it does not condemn drinking. Sincerely yours, RALPH N. MADISON, JR. Pastor Oct. 30, 1974 First Presbyterian Church Hope, Ark. Editor The Star: I write this to voice my concern, and I hope that of Hempstead County's voting majority, about the local option question to be decided Nov. 5. On the side of prohibiting open sale of alcoholic beverages I see a concern for public health and safety, respect for law, and an economy based on the exchange of useful goods and services. On the side of open sales I see disregard for that public health and safety, encouragement of lawlessness, and waste of economic and human resources. The liquor industry is a trade which capitalizes on human weakness and feeds on human misery. To invite it into our midst is a folly which no amount of reason can justify. Supposedly a strong argument for open sales is the attractive tax revenue to be gleaned, but facts do not support the case. The $21 million in liquor ' taxes collected in Arkansas last year is easy to document. Less easily calculated is the figure perhaps twelve times that amount which Arkansans paid in original purchase price and for alcohol related crime, accidents, and absenteeism from work, money which could have gone for useful purposes. Can the value of lost' and wasted lives be .tallied? Liquor sales benefit no one but the industry. For the rest of us, alcohol is literally and figuratively bad business. Some point out that liquor is illegally dispensed In Hempstead County, so we may as well legalize and thus regulate it. But the laws of a people should be a statement of their noblest ideals, not a diary of their meanest behavior. Our state constitution left the liquor question to individual counties, and since 1946 our people have denied approval to this public nuisance. They should do so again. The "everybody's doing it" philosophy is another rationale' for legal sale of alcohol. Since the vast majority of Americans live in "wet" areas, we must keep up with the crowd and avoid being old-fashioned. This argument, which suggests we don't really know what is best for us, is a poorly-veiled insult to the intelligence of Hempstead Countians for the past 28 years. Finally, and most pathetically, there is the appeal to that perennial sugar plumb- Progress and Industry. Somehow, it is intimated, if we only exhibit the sophistication of freely selling liquor, prosperity will come our way. This is the final absurdity. I have not elected to deal much with the liquor issue from a moral and spiritual standpoint in this letter. Those compelled by such arguments have heard them spoken more eloquently from the pulpit than I could write them here. But the Bible and the weight of Christian tradition favor temperance and even total abstinence. Anyone who claims that faith should consider the prophet: "Woe to him that gives his neighbor to drink." A vote for liquor is a vote to give one's neighbor, his family, and the driver of every automobile he meets easy access to a dangerous, degrading drug. Since I was born after 1946, a dry Hempstead County is all I have ever known. I am thankful for the environment in which I was reared and pray that my children too shall be spared at least this one evil influence which periodically pleads for our approval. Sincerely, BILL ETTER, Oct. 29, 1974 Washington, Ark.
What members have found on this page
Get access to Newspapers.com
- The largest online newspaper archive
- 11,200+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
- Millions of additional pages added every month