Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on June 11, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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•Jl The Byline of ^ Dependability Hope Star The Weather Arkansas: Little temperature change this afternoon and tonight. «t VOLUME 44—NUMBER 204 Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, JUNE 11, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY Allies Occupy Pantelleria tit Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN Pantelleria: Significant Victory The Italian island of Pantelleria surrendered to the United Nations today without the landing of a single soldier. Pantelleria is a slepping-slonc bc- 'if r* New Coal Strike Threatened If Fine Rule Sticks —Washington Washington, June 11 —(/Pi— A powder keg atmosphere hung over the nation's coal fields today as government fines on miners for their last walkout brought threats of a new strike. War Labor Board coolness toward a wage increase agreement between the United Mine Workers and a Pennsylvania group of operators contributed also lo Ihc tenseness of the situation. Interior Secretary Ickcs, federal operator of the mines since May 1, ordered the fines yesterday. They follow terms of Ihe old U.M.W. contract, a $1 a day for each miner for each day he is off the job without a valid reason. In this case, the men were away five days. The money goes lo charily. Ickcs pointed out the govern- incut ordered the old conlracl continued when negotiations were deadlocked over U.M.W. President John L. Lewis' demands for $2 a day pay boosts. The union contended through a number of spokesmen however Ihc fines were illegal because the contracl had expired. Pennsylvania, Wcsl Virginia, Teh'nesse.e and Kcnlucky union officials warned "* flic government fines would be "resented" by the men. Several came oul flally with a prediclion of another walkout, and Lewis summed up his opinion of Ickes' order in these words: "An unwarranted, illegal act which takes nearly $3,000,000 worth of food from Ihe fingers and moulhs of children of Ihc mining camps — a brutal application of economic sanctions against free citizens . . . Another step toward politcal lyranny in America." The men arc working under a Irucc lhat expires midnight June 20. Lewis ordered them back last Monday with that stipulation. i Meantime Lewis and the Appalachian joint wage conference failed to conclude an agreement on the basic demand — pay for portal-to- portal (underground travel) lime. They said in simultaneous statements that their conversations ' were "farcical." Lewis and the Central Pennsylvania Producers Association llien disclosed a separate .sclllmencl, calling for a $1.30 a day increase for the underground travel. The 0 association withdrew from the Appalachian conference. The War Labor Board look up this pact yesterday and by its questioning indicated a majority of the members were not satisfied . with the terms. Wilhoul WLB ap-. •' proval the agreement would be invalid. twecn Africa and the larger island of Sicily, main defense of Ihc Italian coast. So the capture of Panlollcria poinls lo an invasion of Mussolini's mainland. But. this island victory is significant of much more than. that. It is a forecast of quick and decisive victory when we do actually land in Italy. For tho record shows that Pantelleria ran up the white flag after aerial bombing, and aerial bombing alone—save for one naval attack. There were no land troops, no tanks, no artillery . . . just air bombs. Only one of Iwo things could nc- counl for Ibis amazing victory: Either our Amcrican-Eritisli air power has developed omnipotent strength; or the internal situation with the Italians has become so bad thai they are unable to put up a successful defense. Either of these could bo the truth, bul Ihc chances arc that the truth comprises both of them. Our air power has become magnificent; bul slill we recall that the German Luftwaffe al its zenith was unable to smash the Brilish on Ihe Greek island of Crete unlil il had landed enough parachute troops to form a land army against the defenders. The Brilish had Ihc will lo fighl, and r.tfainst this factor air power alone was insufficient. But wo look Pantelleria without parachute troops—just by bombing. The facts argue that the Ilalians arc pretty close lo falling oul of Ibis war completely. $4,286 Refund for District One Taxpayers A refund of $4,286.30 to properly owners in Slrecl Improvement Dis- Iricl No. 1, oldcsl paving dislricl in Hope, was distributed to the former members of the liquidated district today by the dislrict treasurer, C. C. Spragins. Mr. Spragins said in his report: "As Treasurer of the above named dislricl, I am making this condensed report. "Al ihc lime Slreel Improvement District No. 1 was organized in 1022, the commissioners sold $105,0(10.00 bonds. Those bonds were lo be retired periodically over a period of twenly years. "The total bond issue was $105,000.00 "The total interest over 20 year period was 59,977.25 Pay-As-You-Go Collection Plan Set in Motion —Washington' Washington, June 11 — (/P) —The machinery for collecting 20 per cent — Mftcr exemptions — from the wages and salaries of all income lax payers beginning next month was set in motion today by the treasury. Immediately after President Roosevelt signed Hie pay - as-you- go tax bill laic yesterday orders were flashed to internal revenue collectors throughout the country releasing millions of forms and instruction sheets for employers, who become the government's collection agents. The forms had been prepared djr- ing the latter part of the inonlhs- long congressional battle over the measure. Although the legislation becomes effective July 1, its withholding provisions will not bo foil by the majority of lax payer., until July 8 or later — July 10 f o r most people on a weekly wage basis. This is because of a provision applying the 20 per cent withholding levy to payroll periods w li i c h begin on or after July 1. Thus the first weekly payroll period in July from which deductions could be made would end on July 8. The treasury is reported to have prepared a comprehensive program of new levies to meet Mr. Roosevelt's rrnuesl for an additional $16,000,000,000 in taxes and savings to help finance the war. The treasury proposals, said to have been presented to James F. Byrnes, war mobilization director, include suggestions for a spcnd- ings tax, new excise levies and higher individual and corporation income taxes, The new pay - UK - you - go law grants a 75 to 100 per cent abatement on cither 19'tl2 or 19-13 taxes, whichever are lower, but does not grant relief from the quarterly tax installment due next Tuesday on 1042 tax liabilities. The 100 per cent abatement applies only to those whose lax liability is $50 or less. For those whose abatement year tax bill is between $50 and $06.67, a flat 550 abatement . is crunled, and for Ihose whose abatement y e a r Round One Coming Up Reds Establish Supremacy in 4 Kuban Valley —Europe Italian Outpost Gives Up Before Allies Land Men NEA Service Tclcpnoto A red ribbon around her head in lieu of a hat because, as she complained before court, her hair was 'out of curl," Mrs. Hannah Williams Dempsey is pictured in White Plains, New York court, June the 9th, as her round opened double- barreled divorce suit with, Lieut. Commdr. Jack Dempsey. bill is over $(J(i.(iY, abatement of 75 per cent is grained. The remaining 25 per eenl must be paid, 12 1-2 per cent next. March 15 and 12 1-2 per cent March 15, 1945. Among Hit: instruction:; issued by the treasury is one requiring all employers who witnKuld a total of more than $100 from Ineir Total $104,977.25 li' Peach Crop to Be Far Below Average Washington, June 11 —(/I 1 )—Winter and spring freezes in the 10 southern early - producing states, which damaged tho peach crop even more than was indicated a month ago, are expected by the agriculture department to result this year in the smallest yield since 1932. Anticipated production in the 10 southern stales is only 0,774,000 bushels, 2,307,000 bushels under the forecast on May 1, the agriculture department said yesterday. Last year Georgia alono grew 6,177,000 bushels. The 1043 forcctat for that stale is only 1,682,000. Total production for the entire country is estimated now ul 45,267,000 bushels, 32 per cent below last year and the smallest crop since the 44,108,000 - bushel yield of 1032. Expected yield this year in other states included: Arkansas — UU4.000 bushels. Increase of about 150,000 bushels during the month bul less than half of last year. Mrs. Ward Again Is Association Officer Mrs. Frank Ward, of Hope, wa:- re-elccled secretary-treasurer of the Ladies' Auxiliary of the Ar| kansas Pharmaceutical association at the Little Rock convention yesterday, Mr. and Mrs. Ward attended the ona-day convention. "The tax collections amounted lo $10,206.08 annually. - "After collecting laxcs for fourteen years, the commissioners decided that Ihey would have enough money lo retire the bonds on account of having received $23,328.33 slate aid. "I have paid all the bonds and interest, also all expenses including attorney's fees and fees paid lo collector and treasurer, and have $4,286.36 lo refund to the taxpayers, which amounts to 42.9% of one year's lax. I am enclosing chock for lhal parl coming lo you. Yours Iruly, C. C. SPRAGINS, Treasurer, Slreel Improvement Disl. No. 1. • ««». wages in any one turn the wilhholdings employes' month to over to a treasury depositary by Ihc lOlh of Ihc following month. In addition, employers m u s I file quarterly returns with the internal revenue collector of their district reporting the aggregate amount of taxes withheld for Ihe quarter. At tho end of the year Ihcy must provide each employe with a statement showing the amount of taxes withheld from the employe's pay. employer holding exemption certificate," a form in which he states exemption ried, etc.) make the his pay. :0very employ e must provide his iploycr with an "employe's with- te," his status (whether mar- so the employer can proper deduction from Moses to Head State Economic Council Little Rock, June 11 (/I 5 )—C. Hamilton Moses, President of the Arkansas Power Light Company, was elected president today of the Arkansas economic council, an organization of business men for post -war planning. Clarence F. Byrnes, Fort Smith newspaper edilor, was named vice president; L. A. Henry, stale planning board director, secretary Barton, president of the Lion Oil treasurer; and Col. T. II. Barton, president of the Lion Oil refining company, El Dorado, was named chariman of the executive committee . Pantelleria Said Without Water Advanced American A i r Headquarters , North Africa, June 11 — (/P)— The senior Italian officer on Pantelleria sent Ihe following message this forenoon: "Beg surrender through lack water." Pantelleria depended partly on the water supply from Sicily and the island's population was believed from water famine. Two Negroes Jailed on Whiskey Charges Cily and county officials teamed last night in a raid on a whiskey still six miles southwest of Hope on the Spring Hill road, arrested two negroes, James Archie and Kri Simpson, destroyed the still, one barrel of mash and from nine to H gallons of moonshine whiskey. Participating in the raid were Officers Jack Brown and Allen Ship of the city police force, and Sheriff Frank Hill and Deputy Sheriff Claude Sutton. The negroes were jailed on illegal liquor charges. New Argentine Government Is Recognized Washington, June 11 —UP}— Secretary of State Hull announced today that the United Slates has rec- ognix.ed the new government of Argentina headed by President Pedro Ramirez. Hull said at a press conference thai Ambassador Norman Armour delivered the proper notice to the Argentine government at 11 a.m. today (KWT), or noon Buenos Aires lime. In reply to questions, the secretary said all the Amercian republics which did not extend recognition lo the new government yesterday probably would do so today. He said il was understood the United Stales had collaborated with the other American governments over the question of recognition but. thai each government is acting on its own initiative. Asked whether he' expected any change in Argentina's neutrality position in (he war the secretary said nothing of that, nature had been taken up between Ihe United Slates and Argentina either directly or indirectly. He added that of course the United Slates has had the advantage of the Argentine government's declarations of fulurc policy. lie described the decision to recognize the new Argentine government as one of the usual steps taken in such cases and somewhat of a routine nature. Asked whether the United States had acted in collaboration with the United Kingdom in its decision Hull replied the United Slates had acted on its own initiative and added thai the slate department had of course boon in conference with the governments of ot'.ier American republics. Chinese Score New Successes Against Japs By The Associated Press Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek's triumphant armies were officially credited today with new successes in fighting along the upper Yanglz river front as Chinese troops stormed and captured a town northeast of the main Japanese base of Ichang. Dispatches aid the Chinese occupied Wangchiachang after an all -night batllc in which 300 Japanese troops were killed. Other Chinese columns broke into Yingshan, important Japanese stronghold 90 miles northwest of Hankow, inflicting heavy casualties in street, fighting. Chinese authorities royally entertained U. S. Army fliers who disrupted Japanese troops movements, destroyed supply columns and blasted gun positions to help forge the great Chinese victory on the upper Yangtze last week. In the Southwest Pacific. Gen. Douglas MacArlhur's bombers dropped 40 tons 3 of explosives among more than 100 Japanese planes in a four - wave attack on the enemy base at Rabaul. New Britain, setting 19 fires visible for 50 miles. On the Burma front, RAF raiders pounded the Japanese army head - quarters al Kacwa with bombs and machine - pun fire, -attacked motor transport and river shipping, and bombed enemy strongholds at Rathedaung and Bulhedaung. With Monsoon rains prevailing, Ihe land fronl was quid. Moscow. June 11 (/P) —The Russian Air Force has c s t a b- lished supremacy in Ihe Kuban Valley after Iwo months of violent mass aerial combat over the Axis western Caucasus bridgehead, dispatches from the front said today, and this fact wa declared to account. for the comparative lull in fighling in lhat area. An Ixveslia dispatch said that «=incc th" end of May "our Slormovik bombers have been able lo punish German Iroops on the battlefield al will, without loss lo themselves." Military observers here said it was understandable that the German • Iroops were not anxious lo do batllc if deprived of strong air support and thai Ihe German air force was unwilling lo engage the stronger Russian air fleet, with its faster, higher - climbing planes. One oilier explanation for the el - clown in Ihe Kuban was offered thai Ihc Germans had shifted their planes lo concentrate on jombing vilal largels such as Ihe Groki war production factories behind the center of the Russian line. Furthermore, according lo these observers, the Germans expected a Soviel allack on Ihc central front rather than in the Kuban, and they may be holding their air reserves for use in that sector. Recent Russian communiques have boon silent on the Cau casus war, where recently heavy land bailies northeast of Novo rossisk and in the swamps of the Kuban delta were reported supplemented by heavy aerial war fare. ' The' Sovie't midnight commu- nique told, however, of a German lunge yesterday with hundreds of tank and plane - supported troops -® Roosevelt Tells Italy to Get Out of War against the Russain lines between Rostov and Taganrog, 35 miles westward. A temporary German gain was pushed back by a Red Washington, June 11 (/P) President Roosevelt declared today the surrender of Pantelleria was very good news and at the same time he appealed indirectly but strongly to Italy to get out of the war. He told a press conference the United Nations could assure the Italian people the opportunely of choosing the kind of non-Nazi, non- Fascist government they want established after Fascism has been put down, and the Germans have been driven from their territory- It is the hope and inlenlion oi the United Nations, Mr. Roosevelt said, lhat Italy be restored to nationhood and take her place as a respected member of the European amily of nations. The chief executive made it ob vious he considered Mussolini and iis aides responsible for the pos ition of Italy in Ihe war, rathe than the Italian people. He sail the present effects of the Anglo American campaign against Italy was the inevitable result of th ruthless course Mussolini had fol lowed in the past few years. I forming a military alliance wit Germany, Mr. Roosevelt declarec Mussolini betrayed his own coun try in a struggle for person power and aggradisement. Mussolin's acts were not those of the Italian people, .he went on, but a'succession of acts committed by the Duce's personal, Fascist regime. The people of the country, he said, are largely devoted to peace. Mussolini's whole policy was il- lusted, Mr. Roosevelt asserted, by By Roger G r eene Associated.. Press War Editor Allied headquarters announced oday the bomb - dazed garrison PanteHeria, Italy's "Gibral- ar," had surrendered after 19 ays of incessant aerial and naval ssault and that" Allied troops , ave begun to occupy the key topping - stone island 60 miles rom Sicily. A special announcement of the sland capitulation — perhaps the irst military objective in the war o surrender as a result'of aerial tlack alone —-came from Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's h e a d- quarters only a few minutes after he Italian command asserted a ' second ultimatum had been tacitly ejected. "The island of Pantelleria today surrendered and is being occupied jy Allied forces," the Allied com- munique said. Army counterattack that cost the Germans 300 men, five tanks and two planes, it was announced. This is in the area along the northern shore of the sea of Azov. The noon communique offered no further light on the engagement, but both the midnighl and the noon war bulletins told of heavy losses inflicted again on Nazi Iroops dug in before Smolensk and (Continued on Page Three) French Crisis; DeGaulle May Resign Post Algiers, June 11 —• (/P) — The newly mittee - constituted French com- for National Liberation Two Autos Damaged in 3-Way Accident Two auloB were damaged considerably in u three-way accident uptown on Main street at noon today. A car driven by H. E. Bright was struck from behind by a gravel truck driven by Bernard McClain. The Bright auto which was backing out from the curb was slung iniu -i parked auto owned by Mrs. I'.un Purtle. Bright's car was considerably suffering | damaged. Damage to the Purtle auto was confined to the body. London, June 11 — IV) — The British government reiou.ii/ed today the new government set up in Argentina under General Pedro Ramirex. as president. An official announced tho British ambassador in Buenos Aires had been instructed to inform Ihe Argentine government of British recognition uf the administration set. up after Ihe revolt launched a wee); ago today. Italy and Germany, with which Argentina of all the American nations alone maintains diplomatic relations, already had taken steps to recognize thfc Argentine government. The Bulgarian port of Va-.'nu was the most popular resort on the Black Sea before the war. The average price of a meal in a British government restaurant is 20 cents, including tea or coffee. wrestled with a fresh crisis loday as Gen. Charles De Gallle was re- poled threatening to resign unless the committee bowed to his demands for dismissal of certain Frenchmen still holding government posts in French North Africa. His opposition to a number of French officials because of Iheir former connection with the Vichy government was one of the snags which delayed the committee's formation. Gen. De Gaulle came lo organization meetings with a long list of officials he wanted proscribed. Marcel Peyrouton and Gen. Auguste Nogues were two on the list. Pierre Boisson, governor in West Africa was said to be another Pevrouton stepped aside as governor general of Algeria just before Hie committee was formed and Nogues bowed out as resident general of Morocco soon after. Boisson early in the war held the port of Dakar against a Bi itish fleet operation whose strategy De Gaulle helped direct. On the other band. Boisson bloodlessly brought Dakar into the Allied cymp at Gen. Henri Giraud's request after Ihe Allied landings in North Africa last November. De Gaulle yielded to arguments that a provisional French government first be set up and t h e question of ousting former Vichy- iles be taken up later. It was indicated he now was pressing his demands. Sources cloie to De Gaulle said he had not handed in his resignation but added settlement would be diffi- Mrs. E. W. Malang. sister of Ted cult in facing of his uneompromis- ' ing attitude. De Gaulle adherenls also said he slill opposed Gen. Giraud taking the post of. minister of national defense while remaining the commander - in • chief of the French Army. his declaration of war against France and Britain. Harking back to the day three years ago when Italy took this step, the president recalled he had termed it then a slab in Ihe back. The Allies, he said,' have no choice but to pursue the war against Italy and Mussolini until they have achieved complete victory. Only when the Germans have been driven out and Fascism abolished will the good judgment of the Italian people make itself evident, he said. The president recieved word this morning from General Dwight D. Eisenhower that Pantelleria, one of Italy's island bastions in the Mediterranean, had raised the white flag of surrender. Apparently surrender came because of a lack of water on the island, he said. He thought it worth while, Mr. Roosevelt said, to point out the island had been taken without, apparently any loss of life, although he did not know whether a landing had been made before the capitulation. Italians called Pantelleria their rock of Gibraltar, he said, and had done a great deal of boasting about (Continued on Page Three) 'Two previous offers of surrender made to the commander were ignored." Occupation of the island, 45 mlcs east of Cap Bon, Tunisia, removed a thorny barrier on the route for an Allied invasion of either Sicily or the Italian main- ' land. It also marks the first Allied , break through the enemy's arc of anti-invasion islands in the Mediterranean. The surrender came as Premier Mussolini's High command announced that the Allied aerial attack had reached a grescendo of day and night raids by, 1,000 planes and followed six bombardments' by British warships. Thirty-seven Axis aircraft were shot down over the island in the 24 hours ' preceding the Italian, garrison's capitulation, against a loss of six Allied planes. Rome previously had indicated; that the garrison was under orders Jo make a death-stand sacrifice, hot only to bolster morale on the invasion-jittery Italian home front but to 1 gain time for the strengthening of Axis defenses all along the southern ramparts of Hitler's "European fortress." But the cumulative effect- of thousands of tons of bombs. shattering their nerves night and day was too much for the defenders, and wfthout risking a man in ,'a Car Rental Agencies Can Buy New Autos Washington, June 1 I (/Pi The OPA reopened today the sale of new automobiles to finny doing a rental car business, but specified that popular-priced models bought under the new order could be rented only to essential workers having ratio,, certificates entitling them to rent, car* These limitations were put on hard-top cars with a manufacturer's list price of less than $1.5(10. The rental companies also must gel rationing certificates from local ration boards before buying new cars. Ted Jones' Sister Dies in Oklahoma Jones, of Hope, died Wednesday at her home in Ponca City, Okla., and Mr. Jones left Thursday to attend the funeral, at 2 o'clock Friday afternoon in Ponca City. Mr. Jones will return home late Saturday or Sunday. Hate Must Be Abated After Victory Won "Freedom isn't granted by one man to another; it is something men have to acquire for themselves," Hope Rotary club was reminded Friday at its luncheon meeting in Hotel Barlow by the Rev. Fred A. White, Baptist pastor of Lewisville. "You can not stabilize a world built on hate," he continued. "The only people in the world who have a solution for the problems confronting this war-torn universe are those who know Jesus Christ. "You ask why the world doesn't listen to the modern church. Perhaps it is because the church has toned down its preaching until it no longer calls a spade a spade." The Rev. Mr. White directed his remarks lo Ihe problem of rebuilding Ihe world after the war. wa/r- ing that the problem of peac? is greater than the problem of merely winning victory. He was introduced by W. B. Steffey. Mike H. Cater of Stamps was a club guest. Olie Olsen led in club singing, in the absence of Ted Jones, song- leader, who was called to Ponca City Thursday by the death of his sister. landing attack, the Allied comr mand achieved ils objective of wresting surrender by air power alone. The surrender came some time this morning. The communique, issued about noon, said it was "today." Yesterday was the 19th successive day the Allied Air Forces had been hammering against this southern Axis barricade, 60 miles from Sicily. (Earlier, the Rome radio announced the second demand to surrender had been turned down. In a communique broadcast recorded by the Associated Press it said about 1,000 planes pounded the fortified outpost yesterday.) The occupation of Pantelleria neutralizes an Axis air and naval base that has been a trouble spot for Allied activity at the Mediter? ranean narrows throughout the war. It also represents the first Allied break through the Axis island barr ricade in the Mediterranean. The text of the special commun- ique said: "The island of Pantelleria today surrendered and is being occupied by Allied forces. "This surrender is the result of a period of continuous and intense air bombardment supported by naval bombardment. Two previous offers of surrender made to the commander 'were ignored." (The surrender came in the midst of unconfirmed reports of another Allied raid on the tiny Italian prison isle of Lampedusa, 80 miles south of Pantelleria, |? against which a British force car- By DANIEL DE LUCE Allied Headquarters in North Africa. June 11 —(/Pi-- Pantelleria surrendered unconditionally at 11-40 a. in. (5:40 a. m. Eastern War Time) today after the most concentrated Allied aerial attack of the war and Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's ground forces i swarmed ashore from the fleet I backed assault craft 20 minutes later. It was officially announced the landing parties met slight resistance, due to the fact that word of the commander's surrender had not. reached all points of the island, Continued on Page Three ried out a scouting mission earlr ier in the week. The Morocco radio told of "a new Commando" attack , against Lampedusa in a broadcast recorded by the Associated Presi.)

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