Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on March 22, 1954 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Hope, Arkansas
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Monday, March 22, 1954
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Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex, H. Wa.hh.irn March No Time to Be Hearing About Tax Escapists 1 have in front of me an astound- I'ijRng report on the extent to which I ^regional co-operatives are exempt from federal income tax. Hope business houses and individual citizens wound up their federal returns only a week ago. The dollar total is a heavy burden, whether you are rich, middle-class, or poor, for each of us shares the tax bill of all the businesses we trade with. For instance, I note about my own business that the total federal income tax paid by this house — ie tax on the corporatipn's earnings, the combined withholding tax of all its employes, and the individ- uad tax paid by my partner and myself on such dividends as we Deceived from the business — the total of this federal income tax amounts to about 16 cents on every dollar of business The Star did in 1953. Do you complain about a 2 per cent state sales tax? Well, the.fed- -eral "take" is many times that, TIO matter what you call it. Taxes are necessary, and most •of today's high federal taxation is indeed necessary if we are to keep America armed and free. And no one seriously minds paying even today's exhorbitant taxes as long as he feels they are being levied fairly against all. But this report I have in front of me the March bulletin I ^Research Department Star 55TH YEAR: VOL 55 — NO. 132 C*ft««IMM*d Jon. HOPE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, MARCH 22, 1954 M«mb«i Id* AMotWMd Crtli 4 Audit IttfHll *f CMetetoMt AV. Net Pold Clrel. 6 Mo*. Ending Stpt. 10, IMS *•* 144* Mrs. Simington on Trial for Another Count TEXARKANA Ml The defense and prosecution in the trial of Mrs. Opal Simington on charges of embezzlement and forgery closed out their arguments in federal court here this morning. Judge Harry J. Lemley then ordered a recess until 1 p. m., when he will read his instructions to the jury. Mrs. Simington, former assistant cashier of the defunct bank of Dierks, is being tried in connection with a $185,000 shortage discovered at the bank in 1952. She and a bank customer; H. C. Seals of Umpire, Ark., already have been convicted on one charge in the shortage Hhey will be sentenced this afternoon after the second case against Mrs,. Simington goes to the jury. Mrs. Simington and Seals were found guilty Fridray of cashing a $4,356.80 check written by Seals telis" a'different story. It is wilh the knowledge that his ac- from the of the National Tax Equality association, 231 S. LaSalle St., Chicago 4, 111. And it discusses "the income tax escape of 25 regional co-operatives." This private research group quotes figures which it says "were gathered by the Co-operative Research and Service Division of the Farm Credit Administration of the United States government." And here I quote from the bulletin: ••• "Of the 25 surveyed by the y FCA, only 7 pay any federal income tax on their corporate profits. Most of these pay merely a 'token' tax. The other 18 large regional co-ops pay no income'-*tax at all on their corporate profits. ."The • percentage •..., of income tax. paid by the 25 regional co-ops surveyed is only 6.4 per per cent on net corporate profits of $38,207,168 — or I? $2,440,815. Private business in - direct competition with them . ,and making the same total profits, -would have been required to pay 51.6 per cent in;; federal income taxes — OP $19,735,715. '',.,.'"The 25 co-operatives studied by the FCA earned net income of $38,207,167 in 1952. the last year for which accurate figures are available. They paid •b.ut.'Jn : actual cash only 36,4 per cent "/ of this profit in 'patronage dividends' and dividends on common and preferred stock to their member co-ops — or $13,922,163. They kept, tax-free or nearly so, 57.2 per cent — or. $21,844,189, to be plowed back into the business for purposes of expansion, entering new lines of business, or establishment of reserves. Thus can be seen the tremendous advantage given , them by their ability to convert '•/ what ordinarily . would be tax payments to the federal treasury into capital investment, surplus and reserves." Every new machine this newspaper buys, and evrey dollar that will go into our building remodeling this year, represents reserves on which the newpaper corporation paid 30 per cent federal income tax before dividends — and the same is true of every other small incor- :^porated business in Hope and all over America . . . except for the selected few who claim the benefits of American free enterprise but . escape its tax responsibility by hiding in a co-operative. If this is a sharp editorial you must remember' this is the month of March, millions of Americans have just been stripped of their spare cash by Uncle Sam — and we've got a sort of domestic war on against tax-dodgers. Winners in Kite Flying Contest Announced First and second prizes for five different events were awarded after the annual Cub Scout contest held Sunday afternoon at the old airport Cub Scout well plaques were-presented to the following winners: Largest kite: First, Troy Mcr Larty; second, Sammy Bi;own, Smallest kite: tied for first, Pan and George Jones. . Most unusual kite; fir?t, Robert Malcolm Byers; second, Preston McLain, : • Highest flying kite: first, Mark Peace; second, Robert Malcolm ' yers. Prettiest kite: first, Reggie Tuiv ner; second; Roy Allison, The highest flying kite was judged by Major Klipsch who flew pyer the contest in his plane y/ith a c,ub Scout assistant. Clyde Coffee and Norman Moore were in charge of the contest. All Cubs made and !f|ew their own kites. U> count contained only $4.49. The second jury is hearing two charges — that Mrs. Simington wrote a $1,400 personal check on the bank to pay for improvements at her home and that she aigned the name of Mrs. Emm a Kesterson to apersonal check. Mrs. Simington claims she borrowed $800 of the $1,400 from Thomas F. Westbrook, ailing former vice, president of the bank who is a co-defendant with Mrs. Simington in a number of federal and slate charges. Westbrook, whom physicians say is too ill to be tried, testified by deposition at Mrs. Simington's trial on Saturday. ' , He substantiated her claim, in a statement taken at his bedside by prosecution and defense attorney,s that the borrowed the money from him' Nov. 19, 1951. He said he wrote' a check for 9Sl on that date, loaning the former assistant cashier $800. A prosecution witness, T. R, Davis, said that on: Nov. 19;- he borrowed $1,000 /rom Westbrook but tha he actually received $991 after deduction of insurance and other fees; xM.rs. 1 Simington .has said that she added $600 of her own money to pay for the $1,400 construction on her home. In his statement, Westbrook said that Mrs. Simington "did all the book work" at the bank and that he "had all the confidence in the world in her." School Milloge Wins Approval Approximately 100 Votes were cast in Saturday's school election in District 1-A with three year terms going to Syvelle Burke, Cliff Bridges and Sam McGill while Mrs. C. C. McNeil was elected to a one-year term. So far as could be learned today all tax proposals in every district met approved of Voters. Showdown in N.Y.Dock Strike NEW YORK, W — The waterfront struggle between two rival long-shoreman's union's nearcd the showdown stage in this strikebound port today. The AFL dock union . reported that the wildcat strikers of the International Long shoremen's Assn. (ILA) might be supported by a sympathy stoppage today by tugboat catains and crews also members of thelLA. The report could not be corn- firmed from ILA sblircesi Such a stoppage would .mean that ocean liners andj' ' Other ships would have to dock and sail without the aid of tugs. Leaders of the AFL-ILA yesterday predicted a snowballing back- to-work movement starting today, 18th day of the outlaw strike. The strikers pledged fo stay off the job until the ILA certified by the National Labor RelationsBoard a 3 bargaining agent for the harbor's 24,000 longshoremen, Neither Court Tax Ruling Favors Liquor Wholesalers B y LEON HATCH LITTLE ROCK Wl —The Arkansas Supreme Court held today that a liquor wholesaler may include the $2,50-a-gallon state tax in calculating his legal mark up on whisky. Inclusion, of the tax was attacked by R. E. Shivers of Hope, who said that he was forced to pay 6.6 cents more for a fifth of whiskey than he would if the tax wasn't figured in the retail price. Shivers is manager of the Southwest District Livestock Show at Hope. However, his attorney, E. M. Arnold of Little Rock, said that the suit was not directly connected with a controversy between Arkansas' liquor wholesalers and the Arkansas Fair Managers Association. The 1953 Legislature reduced the permitted mark up on whisky from 13 to 10 per cent. The difference was assessed against wholesalers as a tax to support slate, district and county livestock shows. The wholesalers have filed petitions to get a public vote on the 1953 act. The Fair Managers Association failed in an attempt to head off the vote. In the case decided today, .Shivers filed suit in Pulaski Chancery Court declaring he had been overcharged on the purchase of a fifth of whsiky because the disputed tax was <includ_ed in the total price the particular purchased by the ILA nor the. AFL-ILA now is when a mark - up was figured, certified. ;>* ( chief defendant was Moon'Dis- '* / tributors, Inc. t of Little Rock, <w Arguments on TrueSttJte " of Nation Annual Kiwanis Minstrel to Be This Week The annual Kiwanis Club Minstrel ritten and directed by Emmett Thompson, will be staged in the high school auditorium Thursday and Friday nights, March 2526. Music for the show is under the direction of Mrs. Eva Reynerson. Special numbers include: "Heart of My Heart" by Dana. Lou Cunningham, Joe Don Willis, Charles Halbert and Billy Blake; "Sidewalks of New York" by Janie Ruth May and Jimmie Dean; Pantomime by Lanelle Fuller; Buck and Wing by Hollis Luck; selection by Guy "Perpetual" Grigg; ' ; 'Somebody Bad Stole De Wedding Bell" by Verline Jones; Maids of Note selections with Mrs. B. C, Hyatt directing and Paula Raley accompanist and featuring the voices of Twila Joy Keith, Emo•gene Fuller, Dana Cunningham, Paula Raley, Lyla Brown, Jerrine Flowers, Louise Fagan, Carolyn Long, Wanda Fay Maness, Marlene Plumley, Alice Gentry, Dema Chism, Floye Hartsfield, Janet Barr, Judy Barr, Joyce McBay, Jo Anne Russell, Judy Moses, Judy Hammons, Frances Nash and Millie Brown. Musical numbers in the second half of the show will be announced in Tuesday's Star, WASHINGTON (fl^r The- argument among businessmen, .economists and lawmakers over- the economic state of the. nation ran along these lines today: Should the government do something dratic to stimulate business, now perhaps later, or at all : Now, said two Democratic senators, Hill of Alabama and Douglas of Illinois, in separate interviews yesterday. :':••.•'". Only when there is : a "recession of some severity" actually in existence or "forecast .with a high degree of certainty,"sai d the Committee for Economic Development. And members .of CED, , a private but influential organization of businessmen and economists, said at a news conference yesterday such a time has not' yet arrived. >, . Burglars Into Fulton Station Sam M^cGill's station on Highway 67 at Fulton was entered sometime Saturday night and an un disclosed amount of merchandise and small change was taken, Officers said today. Entrance was gained through a rear window of the building. A mar- ale machine and the cash register were broken open and small change stolen. Some tires, cigarettes and candy were also missing, State Policeman J. H, Porterfield Deputy Sheriffs Tom Middlebrooks and Jim Moore investigated. Two Wrecks Stolen Auto Recovered in 35 Minutes . • - ' i Ati auto stolen at Tessarkana about 8:15 a. m, was recovered in Hope 35 minutes later. In fact about five minutes after the report reached State Police here the thief was arrested. State Policeman Guy Downing received the report and was enroute across the city to set up a blockade. He spotted the stolen auto, turned around and overtook it on Highway 67, east near Hope city limits, The Driver gave his name as pf Warr.en, Leave One Injured Harvey Green of Pregcott was injured Sunday night when the pick up truck which he was driving was lit from behind on Highway 67, between Emmet and Prescott. Mr. Green suffered a leg, neck and head injuries. Driver of the second vehicle, Cecil Jester, also of Prescott was not injured. Investigating State Qfficer Guy Downing said a charge of driving while intoxicated was Wed against Jester, poth vehicles were heavr ly damaged. Earlier Sunday a tfcrton truck driven by Clifton James Jr. of Stevins went out of controj and overturned on the Blevins-Pr^spott WPA road. The djiy.ej w,aj ?biken "P but not seriously ftwtf TiM* pgfelt w^jgh ypjled over twice, was ba^y dama» ' DfMotey New Officers Members Chapter which wholesale,? brand of whisky Shivers. i Pulaski Chancellor Rodney Parham rejected Shivers' contention that the tax should not be included, and his ruling was upheld by the Supreme Court.' The Supreme .Court ruled that Mr. and Mrs. C. T\ Meadors ars entitled to a' $1;000, judgement •against--L. 1 A?^Stargis ^k^cerfl&c* tion with a proposed real estate transfer in Washington County which didn't materialize.' Mr. and Mrs. Meadors said Sturgis put up a $1,000 check as er- nest money on proposed purchase of their farm for $26,00. When the deal fell through, they said. Sturgis stopped payment on the check. The opinion upheld a Washington . Circuit Court jury's decision.' Associate Justices George Rose Smith and Ed McFaddin dissented. A one year prison sentence against Elva E. Bruce, imposed in Polk Circuit Court on a charge of false pretense, was affirmed. The Supreme Court said Bruce received $4,800 cash and a truck worth $1,200 from W. C. Watkins for pine timber on 320 acres of Oklahoma land which he didn't own. The Court said Bruce apparently was negotiating for purchase of the land and had paid $500 as ernest money. The fact that he later made retribution was no defense to a criminal charge, the Supreme Court ruled. City Police Car Hit by Another A City Police patrol car driven by Officer Burke was hit by another auto driven by S. N. Story, Negro, on S. Laurel Street Saturday night with heavy body and fender damage resulting. Investigating officers said Story was driving without lights, hit a culvert in turning onto Laurel street, apparently lost control and crashed into the side of the ap- preaching patrol car. Nobody was hurt. Fewer Drawing Welfare Funds LITTL^ ROCK (#) — There are 8,000 to 10,000 fewer people drawing aid from the Arkansas State Welfare Department today than were on the rolls at this time last jear. State Welfare Commissioner A. J. Moss said today that he expects few additions to the list of recipients for state aid within the next six months as farm employment increases. But, he said, dwindling industrial employment is expected to on- crease the welfare rolls before the year ends 1 . Moss spoke at a meeting of the Arkansas Association of Welfare Workers here. The session preceded the opening of the Arkansas Conference of Social Work tonight. Senate Debate on Seat Held avez WASHINGTON, M —The Senate opens debate today on whether to unsea t ' Sen. Chavez (D-NM). A vote, expected party lines, is to follow closely possible tomorrow. There were no advance signs of a break in the ranks of the Democrats, who hold a hairline mar- and one Repub- GOP senators gin .in the. Senate, lican said, some might not vote to put Chavez out. The issue is a recommendation by the: Senate Rules Committee that Chayez seat be declared yac- ant . Thq .five Republicans on the committee outvoted the four Democrats to adopt a subcommittee's finding that the 1952 senatorial election 'in New Mexico was marked by irregularities on such a scale it was impossible to tell Who really won, Chavez or his Re- publicaon; oponent. Patrick J. Hurley, f New l|Texicp has a Republican gopvernor who, if Chavez were unseated, '|ould reverse the present close division of the Senate by appoint^ -a Republican senator. The lineup now is 48 Democrats, 47 Republicans and 1 independent The investigating subcommittee made no charge against Chavez ersonal integrity. In a minority report, Sen. Hennings of Missouri, only Democrat on the subcommittee, hotly defended. Chavez and accused the majority of proceeding with "the apparent intent from the start to disfranchise. the voters . . .•and to deprive a duly elected United States senator of his seat." French Seek More Help in Indochina By CHARLES CORDDRY WASHINGTON, (UP) — French Chief of Staff Gen. Paul Ely was expected to ask President Eisenhowe r today for more American planes to bolster the fight against attacking Communist tr90ps in Indochina. Informed sources said Ely is looking particularly for B-26 bombers, C-119 transports and helicopters. He also may suggest th'e assignment of more air force 'tech nicians to service the planes, Ely was invited to the White House after an early morning conference wth Adm. Arthur W. Rad ford, chairman of the U. S. Joint Chiefs of Staff. He had a date for lunch with Defense Secretary Charles E- Wilson and 'other American military leaders and a brass-tacks s rneeting with the full joint for this afternoon. chiefs was set All Around the Town By The Star Stuff McCarthy Rebu Committee,; May Sidelined at Hear Sentiment Grows to Get Facts in Army Quarrel By JACK BELL WASHINGTON Sentiment appeared to be building up among Senate Republican leaders today that Sen. McCarthy (R-Wia) should step all the way off his investigations subcommittee while It looks into historian quarrel with the Army. From McCarthy came announcement of a tentative decision not to do so and a suggestion thai the committee 'employ He detectors to get at the truth of his controversy with Secretary of the Army Robert T. Stevens; The subcommittee plans to meet tomorrow to discuss procedure for Its hearings, no date for which has been fixed.' McCarthy, voicing "complete confidence in this scientific instrument when it is) operated properly." said he, will suggest then the use of lie detectors if all the witnesses agree. He plans to testify himself. "The American public Is entitled to the truth in the matters we are about to investigate in Washington" the senator said in a state^ ment. "... Itplan to recommend to the subcommittee . ..that it ask all witnesses who may have knowledge of this case, including myself, whether they would be willing to submit to a scientific lie detector test . . . "It is up to the fuir subcommittee to determjpe whether '' this t is proper ] Vaccinating Tiny Babies Is Safe 3 By ALTON L. BLAKESLEE CLEVELAND, W) — Vaccinating babies minutes after they're born is safe, effective Insurance against dangerous houppjng coiight and diphtneria, a family, doctor finds. The shots in the arm against these diseases usually aren't started until babies are three t osix month sold or more. But Dr. Herbert D, Chamberlain McArthur, Ohio, told today of good results from giving them as immidlate birthday phots as part of the routine treatment of newborn babies. Of 717 babies treated this way since 1948,no t one has had whooping cough or diphtheria, even when other children in the family contracted these diseases he says in an exhibit for the American Ada- emy of General Practice. Between 1943 and 1948 In his rural practice in Vinton County, Ohio, there had been 40 cases of whooping cough and 10 deaths We Cobb Heads Local Easter Seal Drive Victor Cobb of Hope will Serve as Hempstead County Chairman for the 1954 Easter Seal Campaign to be conducted throughout • the State beginning March 18. The drive, conducted each year by the Arkansas Association for the Crippled, bet* ter known as the Easter Seal Agency, is expected to be one Of the most extensive In the Agency's 1 history, and will run for & full month, ending Easter Sunday. Mr. Cobb has emphasized the fact that 91 per cent of all funds received from Easter Seal' contributions wjll remain In 'Arkansas and 50 per cent of donations received In Hempstead county remain In' the county to provide services for- orlp* pled children Major project of the Easter,, Seal Agency Is the Children's .Convales cent Center at Jacksonville; the only hospital in. Arkansas where complete facilities are provided for the rehabilitation of crippled children, •, - ''•> ail ^^ n j-t,^ ifi. _ 3> " Ike Says Her Doesn't WaW Second Term By LYL-E C. WASHINGTON,, (UP)' dent Eisenhower ha"s* „ „ White House' visitors 'that- on .tern? is, enough that he does' not choose t-o runjta"l9§6. ; , V^'f, \_-M v V Tjhe famous'.;Eisenhower^ another. who, is'also fa« thy's .per l rna|ete McCafthl Justfce}D<p But they don't .fcejiave, make it stick -WWafr He ,> ....lit jj__i it i .-- »._ * j*!* fc among old, he babies said. less than a year Hear .that rumbling around town? . . . that's local folks trying to find a place to eat on Monday . . . one man told of being stopped by three tourist cars seeking a cafe . , . said he advised them to try the next town. As expected Jonesboro defeated Van Euren 69 to 54 for the state title but Van Buren's girls salvaged prestige by turning back Bergman 67 to 42-for the title . . . Hope's Garnie Hatch was named to the all-state team, actually the fifth man selected . , • and the word from Jonesboro reveals the University of Arkansas is not interested in any of the tournament players along wi^i a report that Garnie pan get VifoU scholarship in MIS' sissippi while Sjwujy ."•-""•Charles jfalber^ 1 hj»Vf _ proached by the gfime school geems t}ie University fiflly wants height but I alway^ thought tlje _ who m^de pQintg ^gul^ be 7f-' Conference at least two of three , . . the report continues that Sonny, Garnie and Charles were told they could tryout on their own at the. University but with very little jiope of making the team. Cecil Bittle, in charge of the Experiment Station here, reports the possibility of a peach crop of about 25 per cent normal at the station . , . evidence that the cold, frosty mornings of last week were damaging, Paul q. Cearley, seaman, USN, son of Dale Cearley of Fatmos is taking pgrt in amphibjoys m^» neuvers irj Caribbean waters , . . he is a crewman aboard the -- • • eon ^^^e^BHjcwted sergeang>yhjte s^ryj army Jfi a«rman,y v, j;.A^ -Vi , ^ 'rJWPty Jp»:jpwWteW S.epitrse £Uj$p,W Ajjp f «r«e Mm •L&S Sincel948 , there has not been a single case of whooping cough except in one baby "not inoculated at birth, he said, He cited government statistics which show whooping cough kills more babies from 1 to 12 months old than all other diseases combined , He gives the babies 1 a standard {vaccine combining protection against whopping cough, diphtheria, and tetanus, a main cause of blood poisoning, A full treatment consists of three shots. The secqnd .-is given when the baby is 6 weeks old, when the mother receives a checkup for recovery from childbirth. The third is given when the baby ' is all full months old. Three fourths 'of the series, babies he said, have had the Donations to Hempstead Red Cross would be 1 70 v years fold' at 4he', of a second term, and that he does* not intend, to carry tjie burdens,, of. office into those latter years? 1', *' It is fair to say that Reonblpn 1 politicians generally, are "uriirn) pressed by Mr. Elsenhower's m,id-|a'1 term disavowal of second-term plans. Some of them have heard' Jt before from other presidents. Few' would doubt Mr, Eisenhower's cerity. he can really will feel spring of 1956 the accomplishments of a first term, Several top-level 'Republicans have publicly predicted that , v ' Mrt Eisenhower would — 1 ~ — J --•-•second term Martin;;,Jr., (R-Mass.)' _ iriuch during a recent' visit to ;jb,is home state. Martin and ' "others apparently are convinced thaf'Mp, Eisenhower Is the , best* drawj the party possesses. The 1 'pressurre on him to run will be *—»'-'^ f Commies Ease Pressurieion' Indochina Fort KfANpi, rlndo'chlna Communists, have their pressure on fortress of Pierf J French high pommand but it was feared to be only the calm before a ,new storm,'W* ' French helicopter took tage of the lull and have'i all but abput, 2QO of the \ from th,e fotre$s' stifjing, ground infirmary, clearing 4 fenders' way ,for allrout, ac,^,, The enemy relaxation starteq hours ago, it was ' it was believed Nguyen Vtop was , forces after suffering ..,„ killed and 1Q.OOO wounded, *<•! assaults. 1; ' Weekend downpours pf r^n, turned the dustTbpwl" fortress into a fiek} of stigky^ " was believed starts It was for an a^ack on the to . muton* to Djen BJen,1Phy done,d h,j,s "hwrnari C,tlp? fg tOffl, COStly, TJiere was' sorn JgM have d.esiflej fl«j| technlavia' in w| )J ujkj

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