The Byline of Dependability Hope Star The Weather Arkanssa: Little temperature change this afternoon and tonight; scattered thundershowcrs .in northeast and extreme north portions this afternoon. VOLUME 44—NUMBER 202 Star of-Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January IB, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS; WEDNESDAY, JUNE 9, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NIEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY Warships Blast Pantelleria •'• .?4 Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN '^ Hoover's Speech on U.S. Food The Missing 47 Million Acres If you heard Herbert Hoover speak over the radio Tuesday night about America's food supply you found yourself listening '*not to the man who once was president but the man who directed the nation's food effort in World War No. 1. General Drop Coal Dispute h I it Nip Defense Line Smashed by Chinese —War in Pacific Chungking, June 0 — (/I') —C h i- nese dispatches reported Generalissimo Chains Kai forces had smashed the Japanese defense line southeast of Hwuiung ii the key lo Ihe Chinese rice - pro- j.1 >T| ducing region around Lake Tung- f " k ling in northern Hunan province. $11 a sudden attack on tho de- 1-i fcnses of the town north of Ihe ti> lake, the Chinese inflicted more jv?i than 200 casualties and captured quantities ot equipment, lh<; dispatches said. In addition, more lhan 200 Japanese trying to swim lo safety across the river flowing ne-ir the town were reported drowned Other dispatches reported Ihc recapture of three important points, Including Shihlipu, 50 miles cast of chanf and on the highway to Hankow, in the northern sect or ot the upper Yangtze front. American bombers attacked Hongay, 30" miles, northcust of I Haflihon(j""iin French Indb - Chiiri yesterday, heavily damaging c-ml- ing docks, warehouses, railroad yards and power transmission lines, a communique from Loin 1 . Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell's hcad- I quarters announced today. Dense clo.ds of smoke rising lo 5,000 feel a IK" visible 30 miles away marked the target area after the raiders pis-seel. The twin - engincd Mitchell-; and Warhawks which made the raid & encountered no enemy interception, the communique said, and all returned to their bases. (The Tokyo radio in a Hanoi dispatch yesterday suid the northern Indo - China.region had been ^ bombed, but asserted damage was negligible.) Today's Chinese communique said further heavy casualties hud been inflicted on Japanese troops fleeing Itu, 111 miles below Ichang , on the Yangtze. The port was fully • occupied by the Chinese Tuesday. The high command said the annihilation of enemy forces south of Sungtzc, another Yanglzc port between Shasi and Ichung, was expecled soon. -<£> The day-by-day record did not deal kindly with Mr. Hoover as president. But as food administrator in 11)17-18, and as an authority on the food problems of Europe both during the war and afterward, he remains in the present crisis a valuable and trustworthy public advisor, Speaking before the American Farm Bureau Federation in New York City Tuesday night Mr. Hoover said something obviously is wrong with our agriculture foi a nation supposedly mobilized for the greatest war in history. He recalled that the policy of repressing agricultural production, today invoked about ten years ago, never slick's has been repealed. Hoover said this repressive policy took out of production about 47 million acres, only a small fraction of which has beu restored. We arc facing, he said, a very real and alarming food snort age, based on a national failure lo •4 recognize that "food produeUu) carries as much, if not more weight than military urmurr.oi:!:, ii winning wars and keeping ili peace." Hoover said we made two great mistakes at the outset of this war: 1. We failed lo set up agriculture as an essential industry on a par with the munitions plants. 2. On such food controls us were necessary, we began at the wrong end—starling with the consumer, when what we should have done was lo start with the farmer, arranging his schedule so as to eficoujjagc production instead of rtinclcrihg 11. Closing his speech Mr. Hoover recommended that the government: Wipe out the present nine separate and conflicting authorities over food production and distribution and concentrate this authority in the hands of a single man. Decentralize the field administration, giving local city and county administrators wide authority because "in no other way can farmers' and consumers' needs be adjusted to our various local conditions." Increase farm manpower beyond the pre-war figure, plant 40 or 50 million more acres for 1U44, and increase the farm machinery allotment necessary to meet this requirement. Farm machinery, he added, wears out in 12 years—and one year's wear has already been lost with virtually no replacement. Eliminate retail ceiling prices on food, and fix prices "as near as possible lo Ihe farmer" with profiteering controls on trade from there on. That's the essence of Hoover's in Food Prices Believed Near —Washington Washington, Jut) —(/I 1 )— Congressional critics of a rollback in food prices expressed belief today a general price decrease for most foods is in prospect with the companion probability of more subsidy payments to compensate for lowered returns. This opinion was strengthened, jy disclosure before a Senate in- vehligaling commillcc that the Office of Price Administration ilreudy is planning lo apply the •ollback to fresh vegetables as well as to butter, meals and coffee. While the new order is not, cx- pceled to extend subsidy payments to vpgctublc producers or processors, some opponents predicted an estimated $450,000,000 lo be paid out for the 10 per cent cut in butler and meal prices would be "a drop in the bucket" compared with subsidies which they said would be demanded for decreases in prices of other foods. Senator Maloncy (D-Conn.1 declared OPA had established a precedent in granting subsidy payments for butter and meat price cutbacks and that vegetable growers could be expected to demand similar treatment. Asserting subsidies should be Senator he is Down With the Zoot Suiters blocked by legislation, Taft (R-OViio) announced considering introduction of a proposal to limit such payments lo government purchases of, needed materials and for assuring adequate transportation. Taft and other foes maintained the savings to the consumer by the rollback in prices would be more than offset by taxation lo pay the subsidies. The bill would be greater, they contended, because of the added costs for interest and administrative expense. Praise for the rollback - subsidy directive was voiced by witnesses representing affiliates of the congress of industrial organizations, who called it a sign that OPA is Placed Back in Hands of WLB —Washington Washington, June 9 — (/P)— The War Labor Board today ordered a public hearing for tomorrow on the unresolved issues in the coal mine wage dispute while almost simultaneously a fresh possibility of agreement between the miners and some of the operators arose. The operators, both north and south, already had formally notified the WLB by telegram that no agreement on portal-to-portal pay or other issues had been -reached within the 15 - day period allotted by the board. Both sides had openly conceded late yesterday that negotiations were in a stale of virtual collapse. The possibility developed today, however, that UMW President John L. Lewis was using his previously employed .stratgcy of splil- ting off some of the operators and signing with some of them. This was only in the realm of possibility and no one would hazard a prediction. However, a sudden burst of activity developed when Ihc joint wage conference reconvened at 10 am., eastern war time in accordance with the rules. The miners had refused yesterday lo agree to the motion by the operators to adjourn pending the call of the chair. Lewis and Charles O'Neill spent more than an hour conferring privately today. 'O'Neill is the principal spokesman for the Northern Appalachian group of operators which sgincd up separately with the United mine workers two Service men, cruising in search of root suiters during Los < Angeles' undeclared war against the reat leat, triumphantly hold aloft pieces they ripped from clothes of zooters they captured and mauled. NEA Service r e iephoto Italians Say Allied Surrender Demand Ignored —Africa By REUMAN MORIN Allied Headquarters in North Af j rica, June 9 (/P)— A demand for unconditional surrender by the Italian garrison of Pantelleria was dropped by Allied planes yesterday, an Allied headquarters announcement said today, and when no'reply was received the ..island was bombarded both from the sea and from the air. Dispatches from aboard British warships said the shelling was the longest and most intense ever directed by naval forces against shore objectives anywhere n the Mediterranean in this war, and the , communique said the island "will continue to be subjected to bombp ing, bombardment arid blockade" until it surrenders. I "at last beginning muscles." lo show its tja The Chinese were said to be attacking the important Japanese- held city of Yingshan, 75 miles northwest of Hankow, and to have inflicted other losses on the enemy south of Sinyang. A new Japanese thrust south from points west of the Taihcng mountains in Shanhi province was reported halted. speech on the American food situation. And he is probably the greatest living practical authority on the food supply both of our nation and the world. He did Ihc groalest non-military job of World War No. 1, and did it well. Somehow one feels that his words will have lo be reckoned with before World War No. 2 is much older. Armless Girl Back * at Old Position London —(/I 1 )— An 18-year • old telephone operator who losl both arms and was badly burned during an air raid three years ago is »| going back to her old job at the switchboard — manipulating calls with the add of special allach- menls to her artificial limbs. The amazing slory of her heroic fight through 20 operations was Ifi . told recently by Dr. 11. B. Mor- 1 * gan, who attended her. The girl's I name and address were not dis- ! closed, however. | She was determined to return to ;| work, but physicans as well as her employers said it seemed impossible. ' Finally a solution was found. An artificial limb manufacturing expert, studied the type of work she was doing and after months of ex- perimenls devised a special extension fitting for her right arm and a miniature "billiard cue rest" for the other. Now she can plug in telephone cords and operate dial buttons as good us cyor. Italians Hold One Arkanson Prisoner l« Washington, June 9 )— One , Arkansun, Captain Gurvin Fitton, Piggott, was among 403 United States soldiers whom the War Department listed today as prisoners of war of Italy. Capt. Fitton'b wife lives at Piggott. Knox Says Axis Has Feeling America Had Annapolis, Md., June 9 — (/P) — Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox declared today "secret information to' us says the feeling in Tokyo and Berlin is akin to ours after Pearl Harbor. The choice, place and time for striking is now ours." Abandoning almost completely his prepared text for a gruudu- lion address lo approximately 760 naval academy midshipmen, Knox also asserted: "There is a lot of irresponsible talk about a second front. Today there arc eight fronts, not one— western Mediterranean, eastern Mediterranean, the Atlantic, the South Atlantic, South Pacific, North Pacific, Russia and China." The navy secretary recalled thai shortly after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, "our enemies in the far east were winning victory after victory. Britain was a beleaguered silc and waiting for a blow. The initiative was all theirs. We had to reorganize our Navy and assemble and train our Anny. "Today, less than two years later, 1 am happy to say thai we have assembled a mighty army. We have assembled a new fleet. "Today, in contrast lo that former day, the initiative is all ours. Continued on Page Four) Japs Given Hint of What Is to Come Allied Headquarters in Australia June 0 —(/P)— The Japanese, who seldom have been disturbed in the dor island stepping stones they seized southeast of Singapore leading toward Australia, were given their second grim hint in 1(1 clays by far-ranging Liberator bombers yesterday of Ihings lo conic. These Liberators, flying daringly in daylight beyond tho range of escorting fighters, curried 500- pound bombs lo Ihc harbor of Waingapoc on the north coast of Socmba island in the lesser Sunday group, more than UOO miles west of Darwin. Through a curtain of anli - aircraft, fire thrown up by batteries on ship and shore, Ihe big four- engined American raiders roared to damage a 5,000 ton cargo ship, the biggest one in Iho harbor. On May 20, other Liberators risked the same long flight to bomb Waingupoe, tsvo of them flying even further west to strike at the island of Lornbok. Thus Ihe bombing arc of Lieut. Gen. George C. Kenney's air force, which is retraced from Bougainvile in Ihe Solomons through Now Ireland. Now Britain, and New Guinea and the islands of Ihe Banda. Aru- fura and Timor seas, now is being extended westward. Today's communique which reported the Waingapoc raid also told of Allied bomber attacks on Dili and Kocpang, Timor, Babe, Dutch New Guinea, and a small enemy convoy off Kaviong. New years ago, and did the same thing in January when a supplementary agreement was being negotiated to cover six-day operation of the mines. In a telegram to representatives to the owners and Lewis, the board said it would be ready lo receive at that time "such reports us any parly to Ihe dispute may care to submit on the issues still in dispute or on any phase of the board's directive order of May 25, in order that the board may proceed to final disposition of the controversy." Thus far in the three months controversy, Lewis had consistently refused to recognize the board's jurisdiction, and has declined to appear at any of its hearings. Today's order, therefore, pnscd the question whether Lewis would now cooperate with the board of simply hold aloof and make no change, i' 1 mo present working 01- Italians Have Lost 633,251 During War By The Associated Press A Rome broadcast last night soberly reported total Italian casualties of 633,251 in the three years since Mussolini's declaration of war on England and France — an act that President Rooscvel labeled a stab in the back. In a verbal windup looking to ward the third anniversary tonior row (Thursday) of II Duce's fateful step, the broadcast said beginning of 'the fourth war year finds Italy "in the war's very front line" and "courageously facing a series of difficult problems." The broadcast, recorded by the Associated Press, pointed out that in the early days of the war the battlefields lay overseas or thous- which instructed the minors lhat they were to work "up to and including June 20." The board's May 25 order direct ed lhat the union and operators .it- tempi lo hetlle the issue of portol- U>-porlul pay by direct negotiations. The board set u 15-day limit on this collective bargaining which expired today. These negotiations. were de- Continued on Page Four) ands of miles away from home soil, then added: Italy's Beebe College, Hale Acts May Not Come Up Little Rock, June 9 — (/P) —He- ports that there was a dstinct probability that neither the Hale act giving counties a share of the sales tax nor the Beebe Junior College appropriation act would bo referred the 1944 general election aroused speculation today at the capitol. "Now a numerous and extremely well equipped enemy is threatening directly from the south, and daily bombardments on a long series of Italian centers announce the enemy's intention to adopt all means lo bend the Axis southern defender." Tho broadcast mixed liberal positions of obvious propaganda with known facts, but nevertheless admitted "the three yuji-s oi war have not given any great or immediately evident results for Italy's arms." The announcement, however, sought to draw some comfort for Italy by declaring throe years hud been required by the Allied Naliuns to reopen the Mediterranean "by withdrawing very considerable forces from other fronts and thereby nacilitating the Italian Allies' efforts." Hitting a note of self - sacrifice, the broadcast declared" in a world wide lar theater one sector, in this case the Mediterranean doesn't count." Enumerating a lisl of what it called strong defenses in and around Italy, the radio report boasted any attempt at invasion would become "extremely difficult and dangerous for the attacker." The 633,251 casualties for the three war years were broken down into 58,000 killed, 131.000 wounded, and a little more than 444.000 missing. Another Rome broadcast recorded bv the Federal Communoiticu- Sweeping New Tax Program Hinted by FDR Washington, June 9 —(/P)— Although he said Americans already are taxed as heavily as the British and Canadians, Chairman George (D-Ga.) of the Senate Finance Committee today declared con grcss is ready lo go to work on a now tax bill as soon as Presiden Roosevelt that-some suggestion. The president told his pres con ferencc in effect yesterday that the recently enacted pay-as-you-go income tax bill, with ils 20 per cent salary deduction levy, will be inadequate to close an inflationary gap in the economic system. He indicated congress would be asked, before it takes a summer recess, to devise additional taxes, possibly heavier excise levies on cigarettes, tobacco and- whisky. England has boosted • its excise levies on these article,s he said, and yet the British are consuming them at about the same rate as before. The president said he would sign the pay-as-you-go bill in lime for the treasury to start collecting the 20 per cent withholding tax July 1. George said it seemed simply "out of the question" lo consider imposing higher income taxes until next year, although excise taxes could take effect promptly after enactment. "I think it would be very difficult to increase individual income tax rates without breaking the backs of many taxpayers whose income has not risen but who are Allies Ready to Deal With Poison Gas Washington, June 0 — (/P) — A possibility that Allied troops might have to fight their way into Europe through poison gas was tempered today by assurances from the Chemical Warfare Service that effective protective devices have been developed. President Roosevelt said yesterday evidence the Axis was making "significant preparations" indicating an intention to use gas warware was being reported-"with increasing frequency from a variety of sources." For Uie third timme, h espoke of the possibility the enemy would resort to what he called "s u c h terrible and inhuman weapons," and he promised the Axis armies and peoples, in both Europe and Asia, that once they loose poison gas there will be "full and swift retaliation in kind." This retaliation, he said, will Allied Headquarters in North Africa, June 9 — (/P)— A large focre of British cruisers and destroyers, swinging their, guns broadside to the shore defenses, poured shells from short range into the punished island of Pantelleria again yesterday while its garrison was blinded by the dust and smoke of a simultaneous Flying Fortress attack. (The Italian communique broadcast from Rome and recorded by the Associated Press said the Italian garrison hod ignored an Allied demand for surrender, perhaps the prulede to an invasion of the Fortress isle, midway between Tunisia and Sicily. The Rome radio said the demands'for surrender contained in leaflets dropped from planes yesterday were signed by Leiut. Gen. Carl A. Spaaze, Allied,^ c'ommarider of "the Northwest Af-'" rican Air Force, and that 6 p.m. British double summer time 12 fall upon munition centers, seaports, and other military objectives throughout the entire territory of the offending nations. The United States Army has developed a stand - by production of poison gases. Maj. Gen. William N. Porter, Chief of the Chemical Warfare Service, said last May if the enemy starts using war gases "We have plenty to give back and they'll probably get more than they give out." It is known, Porter said, that paying more in the cost of their living," he said. Including social security contributions, George estimated, Americans will pay more than $38,000,000,000 iii to the federal treasury i n tho next fiscal year. He estimated local and state taxes at some $11,000,000,000 more, and said ho believed the total burden, all things considered, was as great if not greater than that borne by the British and Canadians. ' Ireland. A single bomber spotted the convoy of three merchantmen, a small freighter and escorting unable to observe the results of its attack. Over Bubo, Calalina flying boats touched off such a tremendous explosion in an ammunition dump area that the force of it was fell G.OOO feet up by the raiders. Near Ihe scene of ground jungle fighting in northeastern New Guinea, swift, twin-engined Beaufight- ers. long range craft manned by Australians, swept down to Ihe height of tree tops in the area of Komialum to pour cannon ait'! muchinogun fire on suspected Japanese positions. Billy Southworth says his Cardinals get nettled if a game is postponed. So he usually lets them get a workout under the stands. Informed statehouse sources reported such a probability last night but spokesmen for the factions identified with the referral movements didn't supply elarfi- cation. Charles O, Srnithers of Benlon, president of the Arkansas County Judges Association which launched the campaign to refer the junior college appropriation. declined common!. Son. W II. Aldington <>' Heobe, who announced several weeks ago he would assist in circulating petitions to refer the Hale Act, said he knew nothing of the report. Time for filing referendum petitions with the secretary of state in expires at midnight tonight. The Halo act was opposed Ihe 1043 legislature by welfare forces with which Dr. Abinglon long ha:.; been identified. T h c county judges, principal sponsor of Ihe ilalc measure, began circulating petitions to refer the Beebe Junior Collono appropriation act after Dr. Abinglon said he would aid in referring the Hale act. Dr. Abington long has been a leading patron of the Beebe school. ed by the Federal Communciatioiib Commission listed Italian casualties in Tunisia during May us 2,571 dead. 4,950 wounded and !)V.!"i82 missing. Women of State Wanted to Work Little Hock. Juno 0 —<A'<— Stal<Employment Service Director D. Palmer Patterson today requested all Arkansas women 'available for work to register with the nearest office of the U. S. employment Service. Women now compose more Hum 20 per cent of the total labor force in Arkansas, Patterson said. He declared the need for women workers would increase as additional men were called into the armed services. There wore 125.400 women employed in Arkansas in May, 15,000 of whom were in war industries, the employment director said. The Yankees have led the American League in home runs for the last seven years Argentina to Work With Sister States Buenos Aires. June 9 — (/Pi— Argentina intends to work in closer cooperation with her sister American republics through acts as well as words. President Pedro Itaininv. said last night in a brief statement on the foreign policy of his government. "Koreiun relations will be regulated not only by words but also in practice bv acts which will chaw us ever nearer to our American brothers," said the state- iiu'iil. issued following a cabinet nu-eling. Tin- government, in office only 24 hours, albo announced the lifting of martial law. declared Friday following the coup d'etat which overthrow President Ramon S. Ca.-ti.llo. (Dispatches from Mnutevideo quoted observers there us forecasting an eventual break with the AMS by Ramirez. i Ilis statement that foreign relation:, would be regulated by acts as well as words was viewed by these sources as meaning the gov- einment would move gradually toward a rupture of relations with Germany and Japan have large amount of gases ready which are designed to attack the lungs, and others intended lo blister and burn the skin. He added American ar- sentals "can produce the same gases in almost unlimited quantities if the need arises and, moreover, our methods of protecting our own troops against enemy gases have kept apace with our production of these chemical weapons for offensive purposes." Not only gas masks, but also salves and specially treated clothing have been developed, should the enemy once again take the initiative with gas warfare as Germany did in the last world conflict. The noon, eastern war time — yester- [ day was set as the deadline for the garrison to run up the white flag.) (A British communique from Malta announced light naval forces conducted a coastal reconnaissance of the Italian island of LAm- pedusa, 80 miles south of Pantelleria, on Sunday night, without casualties or damage, but losing two members of a landing party. This obviously was the same action described by the Axis yesterday as the repulse of a determined effort by five companies of Commandos lo take the island.) At the same line Allied Air Forces shuttled across the narrow seas to keep up a ceaseless pounding of targets in Sardinia as well as Pantplleria, reconnaishance photographs showed Saturday's fortress raid on La Spezia naval base in northwestern Italy greatly damaged a light Attilio Regolo class cruiser of 3,362 tons, hit another naval vessel and heavily damaged naval base installations. It was also dsiclosed that Liberator raids on Reggio Calabria May 21 and 24 had the spectacular result of knocking out a railway bridge, linking Naples with the toe of the Italian boot, and tumbling a train that was crossing into the chasm. Besides the blows struck by the Northwest African Air Force at Pantelleria and Sardinia yesterday, heavy bombers from the RAF's desert force swept in from president said that us of (Continued on Page Three) poison gases had been outlawed by the general opinion of civilized mankind and he hoped the United States never would be compelled to use them. Hints Pantelleria Already Invaded London, June 9 — (/Pi — A British Press Association military writer said today "there is a possibility that a landing already has been made" on Pentollpria island i,, the Mcd- lerranean, but there was no basis whatever in L o n d o n from official or other sources to support his speculation. The writer said tho garrison on the island, midway between Tunisia and Sicily, "has been called upon to surrender so as in savp Iho civil population from further attacks." Axis broadcasts said today demands had been made for the surrender by leaflets dropped from the air. but there was no comment on this from British official quarters. The Axis, which was the first to claim an attempt had been made by a British landing party to capture Lampedusa, has not said a word yet about any landings or attempted landings on Pantelleria. the other direction Monday night and blasted the Sicilian ferry port of Messina, across from Reggio Calabria. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's communique said the British warships accomplished "satisfactory" results in their sixth bombardment in Pantelleria in 10 day, and ak though they encountered some answering fire from the garrison's coastal batteries the cruisers and destroyers again aboided either damage or casualties. Pilots who told of a "cloud side" seat at the show of Allied naval power pounding one of Mussolini's fortified bases, while his war fleet remains harbor - bound, said the warships stood off at a distance for their opening rounds, then moved up apparently to within a quarter of a mile of the harbor mouth and poured in salvo after salvo as the fortresses swept over. The screaming shells plunged into tho cloud of brown dust and smoko rising from the cascade of destruction left by the fortresses, churning up increasing devastation in a perfectly timed attack. It was me first lime cruisers had been used to shell the island, so far as is known, and an American airman, using one of the highest superlatives you ever hear in the armed forces, declared "it really was something," Detroit's Rudy York is 20 pounds lighter than he was last year and St. Louis' Slats Marion is 35 pounds heavier.
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