Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on September 28, 1949 · Page 8
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 8

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Mason City, Iowa
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Wednesday, September 28, 1949
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Page 8
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EDITORIALS WorW Calendar Proposal Has Place on UN Agenda A T the instigation of the Panama delegation, a proposal for adoption of the World calendar has been placed on the agenda of the 4th annual session of the United Nations general assembly. In the long run, it might prove more important to the world's future than any other question to be passed on at the world parliament now getting under way at Flushing Meadows, Long Island. Already nearly 20 individual nations have placed their seal of approval on the World calendar. Mostly they're smaller nations. The big nations, including our own, have failed to take action. In a preliminary poll of sentiment, Panama's spokesman, Mario de Diego, has met up with no outright opposition. It may be one question on which even Russia won't cast a negative vote. A S has been pointed out in these columns more than once in the past, the distinguishing marks of the World calendar are that it is uniform, stable and perpetual. The World calendar retains the present 12 months, the 4 quarters are always equal. Each quarter has 3 months, 13 weeks or 91 days, beginning always on Sunday and ending always on Saturday. Every month contains 26 working days, plus Sundays. Days and dates always agree from year to year. The first month of each quarter—January, April, July and October—would have 31 days. All others would have 30 days. An extra day, called Worldsday, would follow Dec. 30 each year. In leap years there would be 366 days, with another international holiday following June 30. National holidays would remain unchanged, except that they would fall on the same day of the week each year. Independence day would be on July 4 and Christmas on Dec. 25. T HE Panamanian sponsor of the proposal points to the urgency of getting something done. There's a point in making the change on Dec. 30, 1950, when the present Gregorian calendar and the World calendar coincide on day and date. If action is delayed beyond then, there would be a 6-year wait—6 more years of "calendar chaos," to use Senor Diego's own words. This calendar was man-made. That's admitted. So was the Gregorian calendar which it would replace. So was the calendar introduced by Julius Caesar which the Gregorian calendar replaced in 1582. Men of other centuries have not been afraid to* change calendars when obvious improvemnets were available. Why should there be such a skittish reluctance now? \ Incidentally the present congress meeting in Washington could with large profit to America and the world take time out to give approval to the World calendar and give impetus to the proposal pending in the UN general assembly. A Censorship Order W ITH perhaps the best of motives the Iowa state tax commission, through its chairman, Warren Wells, has issued an order prohibiting the giving out of any information except with the formal approval of the commission itself. In practical effect this is censorship over all the activities of an important branch of state government. It's a censorship more rigid than that imposed by the department of defense, where national security iff involved. Mr. Wells and his associates have made a mistake. They should back up straightway and start over again. Humor in Britain W HAT they say about the Briton's lack of a sense of humor just isn't true. For instance, here's a devaluation story going the rounds over there: It concerns Sir Stafford Cripps, the vegetarian chancellor of the exchequer, who in recent weeks denied nine times the pound would be depreciated, then did it. It's like this: "Cripps has added a new dish to his sparse diet. He's eating his own words." Look Out Below! II SO SORRY TO DISTURB! II We're waiting for some radio newscasters to identify that new delegate from India to the commonwealth relations conference. His name: Tiruvalyangudi Vijayaraghavacharya. A philosopher reports that he finds his greatest enjoyment staying indoors and reading during a storm. When it rains, he pores, it seems. Here's hoping that new German cabinet doesn't turn out to be a French model—subject to change without notice. One of the last groups to sense that the human voice long ago lost most of its novelty is the United States senate. That Leghorn hen that laid 360 eggs in 305 days would have even more to crow about if it had been leap year. The English channel is going to be a lonely place when the only traffic through it is by boats. Health Memo: A community is wealthy in proportion to the number of its healthy people. IT'S BEEN SAID: Men, at some time, are masters of their fates.—William Shakespeare. Pros and Cons Some Interesting Viewpoints Gleaned From Our Exchanges Poverty in Leadership Sioux City Journal: Political experts who wisecrack that the republicans are poverty stricken for suitable available men for the 1952 presidential race should not overlook the democrats. Let some of the wise boys name a single outstanding democrat today, including one Harry Truman, president of the United States, and win some kind of prize. Whoa, Harry Charles City Press: What the president needs for the success of his program is a working majority of the members of his own party. It is doubtful if he ever gets it but to merely sound off at the republicans is to throw up a political smoke screen which ignores the real issue. Liquor Spoils It All Decorah Public Opinion: Automobile drivers spend thousands of dollars to keep their vehicles in safe mechanical condition and thousands more getting themselves into a condition unsuited for the exacting demands of the highway. Young: Drivers Need Curb Spencer Reporter: The high accident rate among young drivers is a nationwide rash that needs stamping out promptly. Other states might well copy the New York example as one means of reducing the menace. Dixiecrats Punished Knoxville Journal: Enough trouble is brewing, both in world affairs and in this country, to keep the administration busy without embroiling the south into a "hate" campaign. Better let a sleeping dog sleep. What's Difference? Fairmont Sentinel: Will someone who knows, please tell us the difference between a "co-operative" with 100 stockholders, and a "corporation" with 100 stockholders? And why one is taxed and the other isn't? Lots of Butter Boone News-Republican: The government is reported to have 14 million pounds of butter on hand and so should be well prepared for the opening of the hot cake season. Lifetime Job Estherville News: It takes almost a lifetime to distinguish between that which is "cheap" and that which is a "good value." Big: Enough Council Bluffs Nonpareil: Iowa's corn crop will be smaller than expected but larger than the available storage facilities. Editorial of the Day Observing Printerless Newspapers o ! ,NE of the most interesting facts about Chicago's 2 years with "printerless" newspapers has to do with the circulation picture. At the close last week of the prolonged strike, the total circulation of the affected papers was actually greater by 125,000 than it was when the printers walked out In November, 1947. The totals: €,186,025 then, 6,311,077 now. OUT OF SCHOOL D UBUQUE TELEGRAPH-HERALD: A shocking number of teen-agers are dropping out of schools during the most important time in their lives because high school programs do not meet their needs, say American education authorities. More than half of the boys and girls who enter high school drop out before they are graduated. Educators have come to. the conclusion that the main reason for dropouts is that the schools don't offer youngsters enough to hold them. "If we didn't have effective compulsory education laws," says Dr. Harold J. Dillon, executive director of the Public Education_and Child Labor association, "who knows, we might not even be holding in school the number that we do!" He analyses the reasons for children leaving school in an article in the current issue of Women's Home Companion. t Parents are largely unaware of the problem, says the writer. But educators are thinking seriously about the high rate of school drop-outs. And all have come to the same conclusion, the youngsters left school because in one way or another it failed to interest or satisfy them—"the teacher didn't pay me any attention," or "I couldn't see any sense in what I was learning," or, "I could learn more outside." Do You Remember? 10 YEARS AGO Paris, (U.R) —Premier Daladier's war cabinet decreed the dissolution of the communist party in France. The action was taken as a reprisal for soviet Russia's non-aggression pact with Germany and her invasion of Poland, France's eastern ally. The decree dissolved the communist party and all affiliated organizations and forbade propaganda of the communist Internationale in France. 20 YEARS AGO Mrs. Howard Knesel, 120 Fourth street northwest, and Mrs. S. A. O'Brien, 932 North Adams avenue, were hostesses to 40 women at a bridge luncheon yesterday. The affair was held at the country club. Prize for high score in bridge went to Mrs. T. A. Potter, and Mrs. Homer Hasbrook received second prize. Third went to Mrs. D. W, Grippen. 30 YEARS AGO T. L. St. Germain, the ex-Carlisle and /ale football star, who has been assisting R. G. Reed, in coaching Mason City high school's football squad announces that he will open a general law practice here soon. His office will be located in the Central Trust building. He will probably be the first Indian to practice law in Iowa. St. Germain, who is an Algonquin, was admitted to the Iowa Bar association by the state's supreme court a few years ago. 40 YEARS AGO At the rally day exercises at the Bible school of the Christian church at noon today. Miss Larson will Eing a solo. In the evening a program will be rendered at the same church, which will include chorus singing, a solo by Miss Grace Munsinger, a duet by Miss Ethel Gage and Mrs. Ray Prussia and an address by W. A. Fisher to Mrs. Newcome's graduating class in training for •ervicc, To Your Health! By Herman N. Bundesen, M. D. NOISE CAN BRING DEAFNESS W E live in a noisy age. Hence, it is well to realize that noise, in and of itself, may have bad effects so that we can learn to protect ourselves against them. Nearly everybody knows that exposure to loud, unaccustomed noises can be a source of nervous irritation. Such constant exposure can ruin a disposition, making a person grumpy and cross; and also encourages inattention and lack of concentration. But this is not the worst—it can produce deafness. For many years a condition known as occupational deafness has been recognized. For example, as long ago as 1890, a survey was made of 100 boiler makers who had followed their DR. BUNDESEN occupation for three or four years. Not one of these 100 persons had normal hearing. It is quite definitely established that exposure to extremely loud sounds over a long period of time will result in damage to the hearing. The louder the sounds, the greater is the damage. The longer period of time the person is exposed to the noise, the more harm will occur and high tones are more injurious than low. The deafness produced in this way comes on slowly and the worker often disregards it until a great deal of hearing has been lost. It is important, therefore, that every effort be made to prevent exposure to noise, or reduce it as much as possible. This may require the redesigning of building and machinery. It seems that some persons are mor"e sensitive to noise than others. A worker who is quite sensitive to noise should be transferred to some other less noisy occupation. An effective preventive measure is the wearing of ear plugs which may be purchased or made. Unfortunately, it is often difficult to get workers to wear them. Unless these ear plugs are carefully fitted, they may be uncomfortable. Furthermore, a fresh plug should be used each day in order to keep an infection from developing in the ear canal. The ear plugs, unless kept clean, may keep materials in the ear and further the growth of fungi which may produce infection of the ear canal. However, it would appear advisable that such plugs be worn and deafness prevented even though they may cause some difficulties. An external ear covering of some material like sponge rubber, held in place by a head band, may prove a more satisfactory answer to this problem. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS E. M. L.: My ten-year-old son complains of a "picking" pain around his heart. This happens even when he is not doing anything strenuous. Is this serious? Answer: It is not likely that the condition is a serious one. However, it is advisable that the heart be carefully exaznined. They'll Do It Every Time Roving Reporter By Ha! Boyle YOU WOMEN WON'T LIKE THIS! N EW YORK, (AP)—Tell the average woman she's a genius, and what happens? She immediately begins wondering if you are trying to break it to her easy that her years are showing, her nose needs powdering—or her face needs lifting. In any case she takes the compliment with deep suspicion. But if, on the other hand, you remark to her, "you're no genius, Esmeralda," she gets downright annoyed. She unsheathes her claws and demands to know why. Waverley Root gives some of the reasons in an American Mercury magazine article flatly entitled, "Women Are Intellectually Inferior." Naturally Root doesn't infer that women are mentally lower than barbary apes, the *giant panda, polar bears or the praying mantis. He simply rates 'them lower than the only other sex they share the human race with—that simple creature of good will, man. At least he holds this to be true on the topflight I. Q. level. Genius, the man says, is strictly confined to the male. Root says this isn't just one fellow's opinion. He cites a study made by Mrs. Cora Button Castle who sifted six encyclopedias looking for eminent women and found only 868 listed. "It -is a sad commentary on the sex," commented Mrs. Castle dismally, "that from the dawn of history to the present day less than 1,000 women have accomplished anything that history has recorded as worth while." Getting at the root of the matter, Root says that genius is creative and that while many women have shown fine talent—such as Jane Austen, the Brontes, George Eliot and Emily Dickinson— none lias reached the peak of greatness. "There are absolutely no feminine names, none at all, which can stand beside those of the really great—no Beethovens, no Michaelangelos, no Shakespeares, no Tolstoys." And Root says women can't escape this truth by blaming it on the tyranny in which men have held women through the ages. He says you can't explain female lack of genius by lack of opportunity—the girls just don't have the genius factor in their chromosomes, those little gadgets in the sex cells that control heredity. Some lucky men do. But listen, ladies, to the masculine penalty for being so smarty— "It is also a fact that idiocy is more common among men than among women, who may well consider themselves happy to rank lower in genius for the sake of ranking higher in sanity." Root inclines to the belief that genius, anyway, is only the rich cousin of madness. "You are indeed, mesdames, barred from genius," he said. "But what of it? Genius, from Nature's point of view, is a dangerous abnormality; and she has dealt handsomely by the women in exempting them from it." But Mr. Root certainly loses any claim to fenlus himself II be thinks that will satisfy the (iris. Ibis Is the day of the demanding female, and If she wants genius she'll get It—even If she has to carry her equal rights campaign to every chromosome under the American flan. It ought to be easier to change a dumb little chromo* some than the mind of a determined woman. Toward the Better Life discover a pre - view of what life will be like in the future by glancing through business news magazines and marveling at the list of new inventions constantly popping on the market. Here are a few of them: Plastic milk bottles; a new method of casting aluminum; new and better coaxial cables; rubber camping "igloos" held up only by air pressure, but withstanding 3-ton loads of snow; new synthetic fibers with which to weave cloth; new printing processes; dust eliminators; cHeap home air- conditioners; color television. When some new developments . pour into the market, old producers occasionally are hurt, particularly if they refuse to "keep up," modernizing so they can compete. Too many times the older businesses are content merely to cast legal and political blocks in -the path of the products, in an attempt to keep them off the market. In some cases the aid of government has been enlisted in this campaign, and the uneconomic and inefficient producers have been helped competitively with direct or indirect government subsidies, or favorable taxes. The individual consumer is the victim when new and better products and new and improved processes are invented, but kept off the market. Life should be reasonably comfortable, in a generation or two, if man has enough political sense ,to allow himself to enjoy the fruits of his own labor and thinking. The Magic of Soap t can't remember seeing that i. household necessity, soap, made the subject of a poem before. This one is from the pen of Marcella M. Rossiter of Manly and just saw print in the Charleston News and Courier: Oh, dear Motlier mutt have patience With the black and sticky mud; That rulni the boyish beauty Of her handsome, little Bud. A clean washcloth, and a towel. Lukewarm.water, and pure soap, Shall work a trick of magic— Oh, these are her stars of hope. Tinted bubbles and white lather Now adorn his face and hair; The dirt and grime have disappeared Wee Bud is blossoming fair. Trained magicians bring .enchantment! From strange Hindustan afar. But they fetch no greater wonder Than this crystal, scapy bar. Path to Better Business wasn't* surprised at the figures recently released showing that restaurants and shops with air-conditioning had a 20 to 35 per cent increase in business during the hot summer months. A Sweet Tooth Decoys commend to all school people an admonition recently issued by the Iowa state department of health and the Iowa state department of public instruction. It had to do with the vending of sweets in our schools. The stacks of candy bars and gum, plus the long line Of children buying them at recess, noon and after school, and the casual sipping of sweet beverages in our schools are highly undesirable from a health and nutrition standpoint, it is pointed out. The joint statement follows: "Inasmuch as the school" is an educational institution and its .function is to teach practices which contribute to good health and better living, it is recommended that: "Soft drinks and confections not be sold at the noon meal or at any other time in the schools and whenever snacks are'sold protective foods such as dairy products, fruits—fresh and dried—unsweetened fruit juices, buttered pop-corn or nuts be offered for the following scientific reasons: "a. The use of soft drinks, candy and other sweets may be harmful as they replace the Basic Seven protective foods in the diet. "b. Most sweets contribute calories to the diet but no minerals, vitamins, and other nutrients needed for growth and health. "c. It is well accepted in dental research that refined sweets contribute to dental caries while restricting the carbohydrate intake is a definite caries control measure." Information, Please! 1. What is the oldest existing city in the world? 2. Do a cat's eyes shine in the dark? 3. Does the backbone of the camel curve upward? 4. Can a supreme court judge be removed for incompetence? 5. Was a woman ever nominated for president Answers—1. Damascus. 2. No. They only reflect light. 3. No. the humps are composed chiefly of fat. 4. No. Only for treason, bribery and general misconduct in> office. 5. Yes. Mrs. Victoria Chaffen Woodhull was nominated iri 1872 by the Equal Rights Party. THE DAY'S BOUQUET To THE WOMAN'S CLUB—for bringing a large array of gifted speakers to Mason City in its general programs this year thus giving all women in the city and vicinity opportunity to hear talks on a wide variety of subjects, ranging from etiquet to world problems. Do You Know? Today's Birthday By Jimmy Hatlo IE GOES OFF DUTY IN AN HOUR"IT'S SLOW,SO SMOKEV TAKES A SHOWER*** SOAP- 6ET5-UH-IN EYES •can. tw». KIWI • a»iUMt» arwmcAl*. ti», WO«LD gnarra jOAPS HIMSELF FtfOM HEAD TO TOE- "CLAN6! CLANG? YOU GUESSED IT. 1 our THEY GO! WE ROLL! . GIMME A TOWEL? WHERE'S MV BOOTS? WAIT FOR The.Haskin Service EDITOR'S NOTE: Readers nilnr this service for question of fact—not counsel—should »ljn foil name and address and encloie 3 centi for return postage. Address The Mason City Globe-Gazette Information Bureau, 316 Eye Street N. E.. Washington 2, D. C. Please give the meaning: of the term "clipping" as used in football. Clipping was previously defined as any contact from the rear but new rules have changed the meaning to mean any contact from the rear, below the waist. Is vine-grass the same as Bermuda grass? Bermuda grass is also known as "vine-grass," "reed- grass," "dog's-tooth grass," "salt- grass" (the common name in California), "scutch-grass," "cane- grass," "Bahama grass," "Yankee grass" (local name in Virginia because of its supposed introduction by .the northern army during ths Civil war), and "devil-grass." . Please list the present political parties in Germany as either "left" or "right." The political parties in Germany may be grouped as follows: Moderate right —Christian democratic union and free democratic party; extreme right— Bavarian party, German party, economic reconstruction party, German right party, refugees emergency association and South Schleswig association; left— social democrats, communist party, center party. What Is the plural of squash? The plural of squash is squashes. Have any states consolidated tax collecting agencies? Nine states now have only one agency receiving tax collections: Colorado, Georgia, Idaho, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Oklahoma, Tennessee, New York and Utah. Can a photostat be made of my naturalization papers? It is contrary to law to make a copy of naturalization papers, either pho- tostat or otherwise. Has the house of representatives a speaker pro tempore? The speaker of the house of representatives may appoint a speaker pro tempore, but not for more than 3 days at a time without the consent of the house. What was the longest pitcher's battle in major league history? The longest pitcher's battle in the major leagues was between Leon Cadore of the Brooklyn Dodgers and Joe Oeschger of the Boston Braves in a 26-inning game played in Boston on May 1, 1920. Where was the first iron works in the United States? The first iron was made in the United States more than 300 years ago at a furnace located on the right bank of the Saugus river near Lynn, Mass. Is there any general estimate about water needed for each person in a community? The average American city requires about 100 gallons of water a day per inhabitant for domestic and other uses. There are cities where more than this is used. How did Sir Thomas More die? Sir Thomas More refused to take an oath impugning the pope's JOHN WHITLOW (WHIT) WYATT, born Sept. 27, 1908, at Kensington, Ga., son of an engineer. Former major league pitcher, Whit gave Brooklyn one of its biggest thrills when in 1941 he won for the Dodgers the first World Series game taken from the Yankees since 1927. Spotted by a Detroit scout during his school days, he was signed and farmed to a minor league, where his suc- WU IT UVV ATT C6S3 S00n earned WHIT WYATT him his big time debut. His bad luck in the majors was as regular as his good luck in the minors. He twice lost chances at no hit immortality because of singles in the 9th inning. Accidents kept Wyatt shuttling between the big leagues and the minors for 14 years. authority or upholding Henry VTIFs divorce from Catherine of Aragon. He was sentenced to be hanged, but the 'king commuted his sentence to decapitation and his head was fixed upon London bridge. Are the eucalyptus trees of Australia as tall as the sequoias? It is said that certain of the eucalyptus trees of Australia are taller than either the Founder's Tree (Sequoia sempervirens) or the the General Sherman (Sequoia gigantea) which are 364 and 272.4 feet tall, respectively. Although the eucalyptus trees generally are not carefully measured there is a Giant Gum in Victoria which is 325 feet tall. Mason City Globe-Gazette An A. W. LEE NEWSPAPER Issued Every Week Day by the GLOBE-GAZETTE PUBLISHING .COMPANY 121-123 East State St. Telephone 3800 ,, Entered as second class matter, April 12, 1930, at the postofflce at Mason City, low*, under the act of March 3, 1879. LEE P. LOOMIS Publisher W. EARL HALL, Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOREM - - City Editor LLOYD L. GEER .Adv. Mgr. Tuesday, Sept. 27, 1949 MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS which is exclusively entitled to use for repub- llcatlon ol all local news printed in thi« newspaper ai well as all AP news dispatches. SUBSCRIPTION RATES In Ma«on City and Clear Lake (Carrier Delivery Limit*) One year Jin.OO One week 25 Outside Mason City and Clear Lake but Within 100 Mile* of Mason City By mall 1 year $ 9.00 fly mall 6 month! 4.75 By carrier per week .2S Outtlde 100 Mile Zone by Mail Only One year *12.M Six months B.SO Three months 3.50

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