Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on June 8, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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The Byline of Dependobi/ity Hope Star The Weather Arkansas: Little temperature change tonight. VOLUME 44—NUMBER 201 Slar ol Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January IB, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, JUNE 8, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY Scale Invasion Near Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN Stamps Deserves a Celebration Fuel, Power and Chemicals From 'Sour Gas' Down around our neighbor town of Stamps next month enterprising men will complete the most significant industrial ^development for south Arkansas since oil was discovered 22 years ago. Subsidy Foes Aim at Plan of Administration Washington, June 8 —(/P)— A Senate coiTimillcc inquiring into thc Hriininistralin's authority to pay •'subsidies lo compensate for a roll back in Hie retail prices of meats and butler was informed tod: y that the Office of Price Administration next intends lo depress fresh vegetable prccs. » Questioned' on how far OPA in tends to go in Ihc rollback - subsidy program, Richard Gilbert, economic adviser to Administrator Prentiss M. Brown, disclosed thai regulations for the vegetable price dccrese already arc being drafted. • "We expect," he said, "further lo reduce Ihc cosl of living about velopc one hall of one per cent in the thing rollback on fresh vcgclablcs." Told by some members of Ihc Scnalo Banking Committee that ,J OPA lacks authority to pay subsidies to producers and processors to compensate for a 10 per cent decrease in retail butter and meal prices, Gilbert was directed to prepare a schedule of OP A ^rollback .••} plans., ..• .,,-..1,^.,^,,,...-,» w ,i-ij..,.-,i-»j.«.t. "*•' Senator Taft (R-Ohio) expressed doubt that OPA could hold down vegetable prices, bul Gilbcrl said he is counting on "lots of help" from victory gardncrs. Bolh Tafl and Senator Maloney * (D-Conn.) told thc witness that OPA "strained the language" of the price control act lo find aulh- orily for subsidy $7 paymenls on food producls. "I don'l think you have the au- j thority at all," Maloney aid. "But ' unless there is a line of demarcation on thc cxtenl of your rollback, you're going to hoar some screaming. You haven't heard anything yet You can't print so much money as you'll need for paying .' thc subsidies you want to." Senator McClcllan, (D-Ark.) told Gilbcrl that "when OPA gets through with this il will have bcn- efiled just one group and nobody The Carter Oil company is com-<i plcling its purifying plant whicn turns the poisonous, useless "sour gas" of the McKamic field into commercial fuel; and Arkansas Power & Light Co. will use the purified gas to fire a new 3-million- lollar electric generating station. In addition, there will be a sulphur plant to utilize the by-products Carter's purifying system—and beyond that lie a host of chemical plants and plastic industries, made possible by cheap fuel and power in this once all-agricultural section. This will be a red-letter day for south Arkansas, and it should be marked by a public celebration in Stamps. Hope and all the other cities of this seclion owe il lo our neighbor to make this dedication the important public event which the facts proclaim it to be. Stamps should take the lead in this celebration, and every town within a hundred miles of her should participate. We have talked for years about the magnificent natural resources of Arkansas — but always undeveloped resources. The difference New French Regime Convenes Today Algiers, June 8 (IP)— The new French empire government convened in full dress session today, moving swiftly toward formation of a war cabinet as its last organizational step necessary to throw the unified weight of vast French territories back into the baltlclinc against the Axis. With appoinlmenl of the war committee this central French authority, with its seal in Algiers, will be complete, administering the public affairs of 60,000,000 Frenchmen and subjects, an army presently estimated at 300,000, and a great African and insular domain with its vlial strategic and material resources. The committee of national liberation, headed by the co-presidents Generals Henri Giraud and Charles dc Gaulle, announced the appoinl- menl last night of 11 commissioners, 'corresponding lo cabinet ministers. Maj. Roosevelt to Be Buried in Alaska Nimitz, King Map War Plan in Conference —Washington Washinglon, June 8 miral Kriicsl J. King - (IP) —Ad- has conferred on the west coasl wilh Admiral Chester W. NimiU, commander of the Pacific fleet, on war plans, it was officially disclosed today. The talk was linked informally wilh the conferences recently held in North Africa by General George C. Marshall, army chief of staff, and General Pwiglil IX Eiscnhow- Coal Dispute Moves Back Toward WLB Washinglon, June 8 — (IP) — The sofl coal operalor - union wage ne- gotalions veered back loward the War Labor Board today wilh the producers rcprcsenlcd as convinced both sides arc loo far aparl for further conference table talk lo do any good. Edward R. Burke, spokesman for Ihc Southern Appalachian op- cralors, said lasl night the parley over underground Iravcl lime pay had just about broken down. He said the producers would report to the WLB tomorrow lhat there is "no chance" of an agreement. John L. Lewis, U.M.W. president demanded $2 a day pay increase for more than 500,000 miners, representing compcnsalon for 90 minutes lime spent in travel underground. The operators said 48 minutes at straight time, short of $1, Italians Say Allied Landing Force Repulsed —Europe between dormant resources and developed resources is literally cvcry- Ihc difference between a (/!')— Ma- 53, noli of the laic President Tliocclorc Roosevelt, died in Alaska Friday while Washington, June 8 jor Kerniit. Roosevelt, serving with the Army forces nd seclion wilhoul power, without fuel, without skilled labor—and a section that has all of them. Most marvelous is Hie facl thai Uiis Stamps development is a piece of industrial salvage—taking the waste gas of a sulphur-tinged field and turning il tq profitable use. We arc at war, and electric power 1s a I'ritieal need. The electricity developed by this first generating plant will bolster the Southwest Power Pool, covering Arkansas and her neighbor stales, affording a power interchange to points as distant as Nebraska—so thai power may be senl oul of Arkansas or brought in, as local necessity requires. But after the war a magnificent opportunity opens for peace-time industrial development in our own section and county. We have gas we have industrial power at hand—and we have the probably will be buried there until war's end. In announcing Major Roosc- vcll's death, the War Department gave no details and in the absence of any word lo Ihc contrary it was presumed here that death was due lo natural causes. The major, who in cvilian life was a banker, engineer and author, had been on duty in Alaska several months. He entered the service when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, having previously served with the British Army in Norway and Egypt. Like his Iwo surviving brothers, Brig. Gen. Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., now in North Africa, and Major Archibald Roosevelt, in the Pacific area, he was a veteran of the first World War. Quenln Roosevelt, youngest of the four brolhcrs were killed in aerial action over France during that conflict. Cuslom calls for burial of members .of Ihe armed forces overseas fuel; close else." J "Your whole approach wrong," he contended. "If we don't rollback the cosl of living," retorted Gilbcrl, "we'll have lo permit compensating increases in age rales." I "1 don't sec lhal at all," said • Taft. "Thai's all stalislics, nol fads." Tafl charged that OPA had wasled cfforl by "trying to control the prices of thouhands of producls instead of about 100 or some im- j porlancc." "We've stantly," until after the war, when the bodies may be returned to this failed to stablizc con- acknowledged Gilbert. J "But until we do thai we're going to have a creeping inflation. We're threatened now wilh a rise of two, three and even five per cent a month in the cost of living." "1 musl say lhal is due lo gross inefficiency on Ihe part of OPA," said Taft. "The whole administration is nol in accord with Ihe price control act. A difference of two cents a pound on meat for instance isn't going to affect the sil- ualon a whole lot." C. M. Elkinlon, OPA food price executive, wall asked by McClcl- lan to explain the agency's au- thortiy for the subsidies. "Thai's nol pertinent," advised Senator Tobey (R-NH). "For the lasl several years these things have been thrust down our throats." Elkinton explained that "part of Ihe determination" was made by James F. Byrnes, war mobilization chief, when he was cxonomic slablizution direclor. makings of another manufacturing boom such as Monroe, La., witnessed a few years back, based mainly on gas fuel, electric power, and chemicals. Where these factors are present the problem of developing skilled labor will be quickly solved. Also solved will be Ihc problem of how lo keep Arkansas' young men at home, helping to build up their owi slale. You can not blame them for running off to other sections for more pay and greater opportunity, when the skilled opportunities simply aren't available here. But industrial development solves lhal problem—keeps young men al home, brings back many who have gone away, and makes county and state more prosperous. For the things thai an industrial section sends to market arc finished goods, containing not only the raw material but the price of skilled labor —and the proceeds of all of Ihis slay right here to help make this a bcllcr place. country. In addition to his brothers, Major Roosevcll leaves a widow, Ihc former Belle WiUard, of New York. Argentina Adopts Plan of Neutrality Buenos Aires, Juno 8 — (IV) — Argentina's day - old military government headed by President Pedro Ramirez was pledged lo- er, African Ihealcr commander. The suggestion was made with indirect official agreement thai Marshall and King, admiral of the United Stales fleet, had carried to their field commanders information on plans recently worked out by British and America n officers and by President Roosevcll and Prime Minister Churchill in their joint conferences here. Secretary of the Navy Knox disclosed at a press conference thai Nimitz had been on the west coast fur conferences with King. Knox said there was no particular significance to the meeting since "they have the conferences about every (>0 days." A newsman suggested that the liming of King's meeting with Nimilz and Marshall's meeting wilh Eisenhower indicated the top officers were carrying reports of the Roosevcll. - Churchill meeting to their field commanders. "Possibly,", Knox said, "lhal would be one very good explanation." The secretary said there had been no change in Allied global strategy which would shift additional forces into the Pacific. The gradual strengthening of the Pacific fleet is still going on, he said. Asked for comment or confirmation of Axis clams lhat Allied troops had made a landing on the Italian island of Lampedusa in the Mediterranean, Knox replied thai "we have no confirmalion from British sources." Knox was asked whether he had any comment on Churchill's statement in a speech in London lo- day lhal "amphibious operalions of peculiar complexity and hazard" are approaching for the Allies. "No comment," Knox said, "but 1 should say that was a conservative statement. Commenting on the heavy ratio of Axis plane losses to American losses in air combat in the Mediterranean area, the secretary said it mighl b p due lo any one of a lumber of causes, including holding of enemy fighter planes in reserve for future developments diversin n of fighters to other theaters or a shortage of fuel and oil. was enough. Lewis then come down lo $1.50 on a 30 - day trial basis, and lhat was rejected. Germans Bomb Gorki, Zero Hour Said Near Moscow, June 8 — (IP) — Official disclosure thai Ihc German Air Force raidrd Ihe industrial center of Gorki, 250 miles casl of Moscow on the Volga river, for two nights running emphasizes the belief o observers here lhal Ihc conflic is now taking on more of the character of a war of Attrition— with Ihe zero hour near. (The Germans announced las night in a Berlin broadcast tha London, June 8 — (IP}— The Rome radio reported in a broadcast re corded today by the Associated Press lhal Allied forces had at- tcmotcd to land on Ihe Italian ih- land of Lampodusa, east of Sousse about 70 miles off the Tunisian const, bul were repulsed. The Ilalian communique said the island had been under repealed aerial attacks. "The enemy attempted, a land- g no the island of Lampcdusa,' ic war bulletin said. "The attempt as carried out by British units was promptly repulsed by oui cfcnses which sank several one y naval vessels." A Berlin broadcast heard here j.v the Associaled Press said the ttack occurred last night and was Commando raid carried out by About five companies" of British .roops. This reported claimed that sev- ral Allied landing craft were sunk nd asserted forces which had andcd "were destroyed." The German High Command ommuniquc stated that "the enemy yesterday tried to take the Vlcdilcrrancan island of Lampe- lusa by a coup dc main. The Ilal- Churchill Tells Commons in a War Summary day lo an international policy of Americans Shoop Down 19 Jap Planes Washinglon, June 8 — (If)— Unil- cd Stales fighter planes shot down 10 Japanese '/.era fighters and damaged six others in an air battle near the American - held Russell Islands in the Solomons, the Navy reported today. The engagement occurred Mon- Washington, June 8 (/P) —C.n- grc.ssionul foes of subsidy P a y- incuts for farm products aimed a brace of lorpedocs loday al thc ad- minislralion's plan. Members of the Senate Agriculture Committee reported growing support for legislation to prohibit subsidy payments by any government agency without congressional sanction, and other cir- Ics, including Senators Smith (D- SC.). Bushficld (H - SO) and Ai- kendl - VI.) declared an effort would be made to incorporate an anti - subsidy provision in a bill to extend the Reconstruclion Fi- clay, Solomon Islands time. Seven United Stales planes were losl bul three of the American pilots were saved. The Japanese aerial thrust into Ihe vicinity of th c Russell Islands, which lie norlhwcst of the main American base on Guadalcanal, had the appearance of a counterblow prompted by a heavy American raid, over enemy - held Bougainville island in thc northwestern end of the archipelago last Saturday. The American planes then sank a destroyer and set ablaze a corvette and a cargo ship. Japanese fighter planes attempted to intercept, and 15 were shot down and three were damaged. Four Amer- cian planes were missing in thai action. (Continued, on JPage Three) neulralily "for the present" and "loyal coorperalion wihl nations of the Americas in confoniuince wilh existing pacts." The Ramirez government was sworn in lasl night, succeeding the short - lived provisional government of Gen. Arturo Rawson, who resigned suddenly yesterday after wresting control from 1 s o- lalionisl President Ramon S. Castillo in a lightning revolution Friday. In a communique! outlining his immediate policies Ramirez said: "Thc Republic of Argentina affirms its traditional policy of friendship and loyal cooperation with thc nations of the Americas in conformance with existing pacls. Ramirez made no reference, to ciingrcsh, which was to have con- venced loday but was dissolved by decree during Rawson's brief administration. The membership of the new cabinet — eight military men to one by one civilian—made immediate predictions of its political lean- ngs impossible since the millary members had limited their previous aclivilies to the armed services. (Gen. Rawson, in a statement delivered to Ihe Associated Press at Montc'viedo by courer liist night, indicated that unfavorable rcaclion among liberal partisans 'if Ihc revolution toward some of his proposed cabinet members known for a righlcst sympathies might have been a factor in his .sudden resignation. (In response lo questions submitted to him by the Associated Press. Rawson declared that the international situation was the "fundamental cause" of the military upriliing which he led against 'It's a great scheme. You should hear the witnesses each other." contradicting Castillo, and said that the revolution was "indispensable to save 'he situation and rectify the isolationist situation in which we now so unjustly find ourselves.") Graduates Told Peace Also Important Fayctlcville, June 8 — (IP)— Not only winning the war but winning the peace is the mosl imporlant duly facing Americans, will R. Manier, Jr., Nashville, Tenn., attorney, told 450 graduates of the University of Arkansas. Addressing Ihc class al commencement exercises last night. Manier, former president of Rotary international, said: "The demobilization of millions of men after the war, the changing over of industry from war lo peace-time production, the administration of economic and political affairs of nations which have been ravished by the war. will be a problem that we Americans must face realistically. "When this war ends, as at Hie end of the last war, I greally fear that we may be so fed up wilh world problems and so disgruntled with oul own confused thinking and llif. incompeleric'y of our loaders and lack of intelligent cooperation among our Allies and ourselves that we will want to wash our hands of the whole mess of affairs and again go back lo normalcy and siolalion." LI. Gen. Hrehon B. Somcrvell, t'hicf nf ihe Armv Service Forces, and Director J. Edgar Hoover of the FBI were awarded honary dc- t'.ri'i's. il Somervell reviewed the llege aircrew training detachment here before Hie commencement exercises and told them lhal the United States- was "catching up with our enemies in production, training in camps and best of all in Ihe bailies in the air, on the sea and on the ground Hoover told the universily's alumni ashociation at a lunchen they had radied Gorki for Ihe third "100 pc successive night and had set large added: fires with 500 tons of explos ivcs and 100,000 incendiaries.) H was at Gorki where Ford cng necrs helped the Russians bull their great automobile factory which since the war has been coi verted into a giant, armament center. The Russians in turn h a v struck heavily al German concei Irations and supplies, particular] in the area between Bryansk anc Gomel in th e south - central secto where German - held railway junctions have been blasted heavily. The magnitude of the aerial combat during the past five weeks into which the Germans and Russians have thrown thousands of planes was attesled by Ihe official weekend Soviel announcement that 752 Nazi planes had been destroyed in the week ending Saturday, at a loss of 212 Russian aircraft. To American correspondents here who began covering this war in France, front line reports are reminiscent of the old days when Ihc standard communique was "Rien a signaller" — nothing to report. But every one feels lhal we won't have long to wait now for Ihe big aclion. (The midday Russian communi- que described strong German feeler action and a new troop concentration in the south - central 'hinge" area.) an garrison repulsed the attack, sank several boats and destroyed enemy troops which had landed." Declaring . the allcmpt failed "100 per cent," Ihe German radio Allies Pour Bombs on Base at Pantelleria By DANIEL DE LUCE Allied headquarters in North Africa, June 8 — (ff 1 )— The concentrated strength of the Allied Northwest African Air Forces poured a deluge of bombs and fire onto Italy's sentinel island of Panlclleria yesterday. Formations of every type of plane, from Flying Fortresses to small Warhawks, flew to the al- lack, Allied headquarlers said, giving rise to smoke clouds which soured 4,000 feet above the bat tercd island and driflcd wide over the sea. Eleven enemy planes were shot down in the onslaught when outnumbered defenders tried lo ward off the waves of attacks. Two Allied planes were lost, Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's commu- nique said. The smoke pall spreading from the bombardment reached almost lo Sicily, 65, miles away, in the late afternoon. (The Italian communique. —Europe 'If the Allied by Ihis atlempt intended to test the resistance of troops when they are defending their home soil, then the Italians have stood the test in ,a brilliant manner." .... The German broadcast said Berlin military quarters had "no doubts" it was "a serious landing attempt" The Italian communique said "considerable ..d a m a g e" was caused by enemy bombers in raids against Messina, ferry port at the eastern tip of Sicily, and on Trapani, also on Scily, while "uninterrupted enemy air activity" was acknowledged over Pantelleria. "The parrison of Pantelleria" the bulletin said, "reacting with unchanged bravery against the uninterrupted enemy air aclion, destroyed yesterday six planes. Three more crashed in the course of serial combats with German fighters over the island." The Rome announcement asserted that one Allied plane was shot down over Messina by anli air- crafl defenses and four over Trapani. Recovering Air Corps Patients Get Training Chicago, June 8— (IP)— The American Air Force have developed a new idea in hospitals, to use them as universities for convalescents. The patients, when recovering, instead of facing monotonous hours, are given interesting studies under instructors. This new development in hospitals was reported at the American Medical Association House of Detonates loday. At present (lie air- forces physicians are using the university idea to train the men who temporarily invalided from Hie regular air training courees. Ultimately it is planned lo extend Ihe same system to soldiers who, due to illness or wounds, will be unable lo rejoin their comraces In military activities. the plan would ready men for useful jobs on their return home. The new hospital idea has been developed by the staff of Brigadier General C.N.W. Grant, chief ail- surgeon of the Army Air forces. It bonins with exercises. Cards, in Ihreo colors, are affixed to Ihe beds of hospitalized trainees. Red indicates that the man can stand but litlle physical work; blue that he is ready for more, green thai he can do quite a lot. One result has been a great reduction of the numbers of men who had to return lo the hospital because resumption of training knocked them out. After the exercises, the men take, largely by their own choice, instruction in the skills which they would have been learning had they not become ill. Many realistic to The Italians declared that 'their torpedo planes set afire a 5.000 steamer and torpedoed another large unit in an attack on an escorted convoy off Bone. Lampcdusa is a one - town island of bare rock and a few fertile valleys, measuring about seven miles by two, and lies some 100 miles west of British Malla. Us population tolals around 3,500. 11 Porlo, on Ihe southern coast, provides its only harbor, but even this can accommodate only small craft. Several scatlered beaches on (lie soulheahtern coast provide other sites for beachheads, but the rest of Ihe coaslline is protected by high cliffs. Although the island has been mentioned rarely in the war news there have been reports that it was. used as a limited Axis air base. broadcast from Rome, said British troops had made a landing atlempt on Lampedusa island, one of the smaller Italian stepping stones, 70 miles off the east .Tuni sian coast. The communique, asserted the attempt was repulsed and many landing boats sunk. The German communique called the incident a confirmation of the reports from confirmation of the repors tfrom Allied sources.) In one of the shortest commun- ques in recent months Gen. Eisenhower's headquarters said "Many missions were. carried out by heavy, medium and fighter bombers" against Pantelleria. No other targets were mentioned (The Italian communique, however, said "considerable damage" was done in Allied raids on Messina and Trapuni, Sicily. It described th e Pantellreia garrison as "reacting with unchanged bravery against uninterrupted enemy air aclion.") Fortress gunners accounted for six of the 11 enemy planes shot down yesterday when Ihe interceptors tred lo break up Ihe heavy formations. Warhawks tangled with an ene- riy fighter group and shol down By E. C. DANIEL London, • June 8 — (IP) — Prime Minister Churchill told Commons today that a large scale invasion of Europft was approaching, that the Allied were determined to destroy the Axis by air and other means and voiced confidence that the deadly submarine menace was: swiftly being overcome. "It is evident that ambitious operations of a peculiar complexity and hazard on a large scale arc approaching," he said in his first war review since his Washington and North African conferences; "Operations now impending in the European theater . of war have been filled inlo their proper place in relalion lo Ihe general war." Jusl afler Ihe prime minister spoke, the Kalians asscrled that the British had atlempted to land on their Mediterranean island of .lampedus and had been repulsed. The Romeradio report was not confirmed. About the Allied air offensive, which many term the actual first phase of the invasion, Churchill said: So far as Ihe British govern; ment and the dominion governments and also the governments of the United Stales and the Russian Soviet republics are concerned,' nothing will turn us from our en- 1 'our more. The eleventh enemy a twin - pngined float plane, was shol dwon by RAF coaslal air force fighters in the Gulf of Or- stano off the west coast of Sardinia. deavor and intention to accomplish the complete destruction of our- foes by bombing from the air, in addition to all other means." He disclosed that a "very long range air power — V. L. R. as it is called" was' in effective ".opera*"" loin against submarines and that- Ihe first week of June "is the best/ ever" in U-boat kills. May was the best month of the war in the battle at sea, he said, and this may be a "fateful milestone" toward Axis defeat since the Axis was banking heavily on the U-boat. He did not further amplify "V.L.R." which obviously stands for "very long range." He said the prisoners carp 1 is in Tunsia totaled 248.00..0 — 24,000 more than any pevious estimate. He said 50,000 Axis troops had been killed, making total enemy casualties in Tunisia about 300,000. Tunisia and Stalingrad were the greatest military disasters that ever have befallen Germany, he said, "The suddenness of the collapse of these great numbers of brave and skillful fighting men with every form of excellent equipment must be regarded as significant and in a sense characteristic of the German psychology generally after Jena and after the last war," machine, he declared, "but no undue expec- lalions should be placed on it. We prepared to win this war by hard fighting and, if necessary, by hard thai Ihc nation's delnquency prob lem "-as more serious than subver- courses in addition are open sive activity. I them. Girls in Ford Plant Won't Wear Slacks Detroit, June 8 —(/Pi— Ford Motor Company offce girls, preferring the conventional feminine attire of dresses ralh- er than slacks, sat idle at their typewriters yesterday because they refused lo go home and put on .slacks. "We want to feel like ladies." Bcrnice Clark, one of the office girls, said. The girls, who work in the company's Highland Pa'rk plant office, came to work wearing dresses, so they were given no work to do. A company spokesman, who said Hint the firm has a general rule requiring all women workers to wear slacks, explained that dresses arc dangerous or they might become entang- glcd in machinery when the girls go out inlo parts of the plant where the machines are located. Asserting that directly across the hall were 50 WOWS, employed by Army ordnance, who wore uniforms. Miss Clark said. "if it is good enough for the Army, it ought to be good enough for the Ford Company." Mercury Hits 94 Degrees Here Monday The temperature hit 94 degrees here yesterday for the hottest day of the year according to records at the University of Arkansas Experiment Stalion near Hope. Previous highs were recorded on May 2, 3. 4 and June 4 when Ihe mercury hil 92 degrees. The slation's rainfall record shows a deficiency of 1.53 inches in 1943 as compared with the 33 year average. Through May, 1943, only 21.82 inches of rainfall was recorded, with Ihe 33 year average- showing 23.35 inches, a deficiency of 1.53 inches. The three wettest months of the year were March with 8.62 inches, April with 4.57 inches and May with 4.81 inches. Jap Burma Bases Pounded by Allies New Delhi, June 8 — (/Pi— American fighter planes continued their assaults o,, Japanes.. bases in Burma yesterday, sharply raiding an enemy encampment at Wehsi, 25 miles north of Myitkying a 10th airforcc communique aid today. Two barracks were sel ablaze and destroyed and two motor vehicles were destroyed by the formation which scattered fragmentation bombs and strafed Ihe fighting alone." Napoleon defeated the Prussians at Jena (Oct. 14, 1806). Other points made by Mr. Churchill lo Ihe cheering Commons in his firsl long review since Feb. 11 were Ihese: 1. "Taking some of Ihe weight off Russia and giving more speedy and effective aid to China. . . . are never absent for one moment from our thoughts and aims." He expressed regrets thai no recent conference had yet been arranged with Marchal Stalin. 2. "The might of America is deployed far over the Pacific and is laying an ever stronger grip on the outlying defenses of Japan and offering every moment to the Japa^ nesc fleet the supreme challenge of sea power." 3. That no pressure was exerted to bring the French together. ?. That Allied troops and comr mandcrs were eager for "the most intense and violent" atlack on the Axis. 5. That the American Second Corps in Tunisia captured 33,000 Germans and 4000 Italians. Bril- ish First Army casuallies were 23,500 and Ihc Eighth Army cas- uafTies since crossing from Tripol- itania were 11,500. Only 638 enemy troops escaped, mostly by air. Immediately after sneaking, Mr. Churchill went lo Buckingham Palace to have lunch and report to Japanese with machine the communique said. gun fire, The raid was made without loss. "Why is your car pair.ted blue on one side and red on the other?" the king. His buoyant speech was heard by U. S. Ambassador John G. Winanl. Soviet Ambassador Ivan Maisky and other envoys, Mrs. Churchill and several Ameri( can officers. In the upper House, the Lords cheered Lorrl Cranborne's report on the prime minister's return. The German radio in mid - afternoon referred briefly to the Churchill broadcasts giving most .. attention to his remarks about the coming amphibious operations and to his figures on British casualties in (Continued on Page Three)

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