Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on June 7, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Monday, June 7, 1943
Page 1
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The Byline of Dependability Hope Star The Weather Arkansas: Little temperature change; scattered, showers and local thunderstorms this afternoon and tonight. VOLUME 44—NUMBER 200 Star ot Hopo, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, JUNE 7, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press )—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass n PRICE 5c COPY Allies Concentrate on Italy -o Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor -ALEX. H. WASHBURN f Dangle Who at tho End of a Rope? Around the Town The preposterous John L. Lewis, having at first "unconditionally" ordered his coal miners back to work, later tells the "jovernmcnt that it's "only for another two weeks." —-— ——— © Proceeding on the theory that no news is ever so bad as jusl being kepi in suspense, Ihe government must have arrived at the decision thai now is finally Ihc lime lo lake care of Mr. Lewis once and for all. Docs the man propose to dangle the whole United Stales at the end 1 Nude Pictures Not Art Work Court Decides Lillle Rock, June 7 —(/I 1 )— The Arkansas Supreme Court found today thai Iwo pictures appearing in -1 national nudist magazine were nol works of art and that the photographer who took them was guilty of violating tho slide's obscenity law. The decision which affirmed -Clay Circuit Court held thai the photographer, Paul Hadley on Piggtilt, with a $. r >0 fine. The court commented thai the pictures, one of which showed two youim women without clothes, and _ another, a nude yp^ng woman in a sitting posture, "left nothing for the imagination .'•• supply." Hartley, contending that tho pic- lures were works of art, said ho had been paid $!i each for the shots and in addition won a prize pSor the excellence of his work. On the point the court commented: "It is true that many of the master works of art and sculpture are figures of nude mc n and women and it is true also thai some (*)are more prurient than others, bul these are questions of fact upon which the jury must pass and we are unwilling lo say as a mailer of law that the verdict of court or jury finding that pic- _ Utres of attractive nude women obscene is unsupported by sub- slanlial testimony." Hadley also raised the point thai since Ihc slale law prohibited exhibitions of obscene pictures the charge was improperly brought against him, but the court said: "He took the pictures, which exposed portions of the body which modesty would conceal, and he did this for the purpose of having — the pictures published in a magazine and he received compensation for so doing. He was, therefore, particcpts-crirninis (an ac- i complice)." • Because a 5 . cent overcharge j _ was made in sale of the porperty j ' by the slate Iho Supreme Court I pel aside a lax deed issued lo F. E. Ersline lo an UO acre tract in Arkansas county and directed Arkanas chancery enurl lo vest title in O. C. Luinsden, who pur- f' chased the properly from Ihe original owner. Commenting on a contention raised thai the 5 cent excess was too small lo upset a tax sale, the court said: **• "If a citizen's properly can be taken from him by the sovereign for an excess of 5 cents, then by the same token it can be taken from him for an excess of $!i,00(),000. if acilizen's righls and prop-» erty arc to be saved, then they rnusl be kepi safe againsl little exactions as well as againsl large encroachments." Chief Justice Griffin Smith and Jeslices Frank G. Smith and J. S. „ Holt dissented. Luther Perkinson, Fort Smith taxicab driver, musl serve a Ilireo and one half year prison sentence on a charge of assaull with inlcnl ' to rape, the Supreme Court held in affirming Sebastian circuit court. The prosecuting witness was a passenger in his cab. Reversing Union Circuit Court, Hi,. Iliuh Tribunal ruled that the Porter Wilson Finance Co., Hot | Springs, was guilty of charging , - usurous interest and set aside a i $175 jndgmcnl awarded Wilson j againsl p. B. Harlzo, Union county well driller. The loan agreement Wilson and . Hartzo of Uncertainty's rope'.' He has the wrong parly at the end ot the rope. And there's nothing uncertain about thai. * * * During the current drouth some exuberant citizens have attempted to arrange shipments of whisky to themselves through the mails— which is a violalion of federal regulations. The postal inspectors have been busy as a swarm of bees—and out of the beehive comes Ibis slory lo me: A suspicious-looking package arrived, addressed lo an unknown name, but with a well known number on a slrcel running north and south. The only trouble was thai the ai.drcss didn't stale whether it was "north" or "south." At the north address lived a preacher. At the south address lived a deacon. Both were innocent—and now the postal inspectors arc looking for a thirsly gentleman who also is guilty of having been incredibly careless. Arms Output Up 7 Per Cent Nelson Reports —Washington Washington, June 7 (/!'). —Arms production in April jumped 7 per cent over March, Chairman Donald M. Nelson of the War Production Board reported today, with "all major categories of muni- lions" showing gains and the tolnl increase "something more than can be expected as an average at Ihis slage of the program." The aircraft program alone totalled $1,(M!).()Ot).(K>0 in the month or one third of the record-breaking $r>,000,()()0,000 worth ot munitons produced. Although aircraft, with it s related ordnance, showed the greatest dollar gain of all armament, it still "did not quite meet the month's objectives," Nelson said. Actual numbers ot planes produced was not revealed, but it was apparent that the 7,000 mark once predicted for April had not Arkansan Killed in North Africa Theater Washington, June 7 — (IP)— Pvt. Charlie N. Baker, son of A. H. Baker. Cash, vva.s the lone Arkansan mimed on a list ot 280 United States .soldiers killed in action made public by the War Department today. Pvt. Baker was lulled in action in the North African theater. Large Body of U.S. Troops in New Zealand By The Associated Press A large body ot American troop, recently arrived in New Zcalanc •om the United Stales and is un orgoing intensive training alonf ide veterans from Guadaleana ream lory tn being sent to ombal /.one, Rear Admiral Thezo ore Wilkinson, deputy command r in the South Pacific area nnotineed today. This disclosure, implying tha low blows auainsl the .lapancs vere impending coin died wit he nows that Admiral Chester W of the United Slates Pacific flee been attained. Aircraft alone gained 11 tier cent in dollar volume. Big bombers, the focal point of the program, jumped 18 per cent, while Navy single - engine fighters showed a gain of almost 50 per cent. "War production during Apri was in belter balance than at any time since Pearl Harbor," Ncl son's report said. He added, how ever, thai "there were still some of ex outpu Coal Dispute Shifts to Operators Washington, Jnc 7 — (/P)— The bulk of John L. Lewis's half-million coal miners trudged back to their pits today under a fourth truce agreement even as indications appeared of a new crisis in the prolonged dispute reports of dissension among the southern operators. Hours after the men returned lo work — wilh a few cxceplions — Ihc UMW chieflain and his adies closeted themselves briefly wilh operator representatives to discuss the noxl slcp in their interrupted negotiations. A few minutes after the group retired behind closed doors, Lewis emerged to report the miners had recessed lo permit an oopcrators' Caucasus. Ho said the negotiators had received no word from the War Labor Board, which lasl week ordered Ihe contract talks halted until actual production had been resumed, and added he had no other comment. The WLB also was silent, but a board official who declined use of his name said he doubted the board would issue formal instriiclions for a resumption of negotiations. As he put it "the miners and operators would be smart just to go ahead" without waiting for a WLB nod. Later in Ihc morning formal ne- gotialions were resumed by a subcommittee composed of Charles O'Ncil and former Senator Edward Burke, representing the northern and southern ocralors, rcspec- tivcy, and Lewis and Percy Tellow of Ihc UMW. The bargaining talks lasted only briefly, however, and Ihc operators again caucused among themselves, adjourning shortly after noon to meet again wilh Ihc full UMW negotiating group at 2:45 p.m. there was no comment. Interest in the wage dispute shifted from the minors, whose "no contract, no work" stand last week sel war production plants back more than 10,000,000 tons of coal, lo Ihc operators, who were reported divided on Ihe question of whether to seek a new contract at the conference lable or ask for ad- judicalion of all issues by the War ohjcts produced in excess pcclations, bul in others lagged badly." Summarized, the April procluc lion score was: Aircraft including plane arma ment, gliders, blimps, barrag balloons, propellers, Engines, Ore nance, clc. — up 8 per cent. Ground ordnance, including ar lillcry, tanks, self - propelled guns, anti - aircraft weapons, , small arms and ammunition — up 4 per cent. Navy and Army vessels — up 3 per cent. Merchant ships — up 11 per ccnl. Msiccllaneous munitions, including vehicles, uniforms, machine tools and export equipment — up 11 per cent. >Jimit/., commander - in - chief o the United ... Stales Pacific flee arrived in the United State for the latest of a scries of work wide Allied strategy conference The Admiral disclosed his return from Hawaii yesterday in a speech at Berkeley, Calif., remarking he "had a job to do." It concerned a conference which ho said he hoped would "carry trouble to the Japanese." He did nol elaborate, but he declared U. S. planes and ships in Ihe Pacific by the end of tho year would be a "very formidable force" Pacific Fleet Steadily Being Reinforced Berkeley, Calif., June 7 — (/!>) — The U. S. Pacific Fleet, steadily being reinforced, reach for- and that 'he Pacific arena was gelling its share of U. S. men and materials. * "We are turning out pianos and ships of war faster than the Japanese can," he said. "It is simple arlihmelie — subtraction for Ihcm and addition for us. The Admral's statement coin- ciclcn wilh new outbursts of action in both the South and North Pa. cific. In Ihe Solomons American dive and torpedo bombers sank a Japanese destroyer, sol fire lo a cargo ship and a corvette and shot down IS Zeros in air batllc off Bougainville island, Ihc Navy announced yesterday. Four American planes were lost. The Japanese version, given by the Tokyo radio today, claimed 20 Allied planes were shot clown in the encounter. In the North Pacfiic, the Navy lold of resumption of intensive air attacks on the Japanese base of Ksika in the Aleutians. Kisk awas under air assault five times Friday, the communique said. Radirez Ousts Rawson As Head of Argentina —War in Pacific Buenos Aires, June 7 (/I 1 )— Gen. Arluro Rawson resigned as head of Argcnlina's new government lo- lay and charged Gen. Pedro Ram- rex wth organizing a new regime after the Iwo rcvolulionary leaders had failed to agree on the con- slilulion of a cabinet. Gen. Domingo Marline?, resigned as foreien minister in a conlinua- ion of the reshuffling of the provisional government cabinet. Kawson, who bouslcd President Ramon S. Castillo in a coup d'etat, last Friday, was to have been sworn in as president at noon today. In a brief communique, he announced "the ' impossibilliy of reaching an agrccmenl o n the cnn- slilulion of a new cabinet" had compelled him to resign "as leader of the revolutionary forces and chief of the provisional government.,, At the same time Ramirez, minister of war under Castillo and slalcd lo hold Ihc same posl under Rawson, issued a statement advising the people and the armed forces he had assumed the powers abandoned by Rawson. He also announced postponement of today's scheduled swearing - in ceremonies for which a national holiday had been decreed. There was no indication as to when the Ramirez administration might be sworn in. Rawson's communique was ad dressed to the national armed forces and said: "Having fulfilled No Time on His Hands NEA Service Tclophoto Contributed by the Boy Scouts of Foyetteville, Ark.,' after the commanding officer of the world's largest bombardier school at Midland, Texas, appealed for old clocks to be used in construction of super-size bombsights, these two hundred and fifty timepieces being inspected by Col. John P. Penny don't have a tick in a carload, but use of the models constructed of their parts will save in one year approximately 260,000 hours of bombardier instruction time. midablc proportions by the end of Ihis year, says its commander-inch icf] Admiral Chester W. Nimilz, who is on the mainland lo confer on new offensive moves against In the Japanese Australian theater, Id dive bombers and four Ihe Japanese. Admiral Nimilz disclosed his presence in conlinlal United States yesterday in a surprise appearance at the University of California commence] nenl exercises during which he was awarded an honorary doctor of laws degree. "Speaking to a university alumni meeting, the Admiral explained, "much as 1 desire; to be here. 1 couldn't have left my post unless I had a job lo do. I am happy thai commencement day coincided with a conference which 1 have been called to allcnd — a conference which is nol particularly solicitous as to the welfare of ilirohito, and which I hope will carry (rouble to the Japanese." He did nol amplify. Admiral Nimity. at one time hearted the university's naval R.O.T.C. unit. Mrs. NimiU still makes her home here. "By the end of the year our planes and ships in the Pacific will represent a very f o r m i d a b 1 c •'force." he said. "We are really gelling our share of the war ma- leral in Ih'e Pacific." fighters made a heavy attack on Ihe Allied mountain base of Wau in New Guinea, bul caused negligible damage. American Libcra- .tors attacked Koopang in Timor, causing fires. In burma KAF planes carried out one attack, but the rainy season hud almost put a stop to operations. Large formations of American bombers also broke through the slorms Saturday and Sunday to make widespread attacks on Mon- dalay, Cluiuk, Pukkan, W e t I e (. Monywa, Sagiung aiul Ywatung hitting railway tracks and train.-, verry slips, oil plants and barracks. the aim to overthrow the government and being unable to reach an agreement on the constitution of the cabinet, I delivered to Gen. Pedro Ramirez my indeclinable resignation from the posilion as chief of the provisional government, for whch I was scheduled to swear oath today." Ramirez addressed the armed forces and the people in a com- munique which said: On this date I take charge of the provisional governmcnl and command of Ihe national armed forces." The rapid change in Argentina's confusing political situation followed by only a few hours the issuance of a decree by Rawson dissolving congress, which was to have convened tomorrow. The degree said "at the proper lime, measures will be taken for the constitution of a new congress." Some observers expressed the opinion, however, that Rawson had been considered from the very first as nol quilo in line wilh Ihe ultra rightist politcal tinge of his new minsters. Ramirez was generally regarded as having more pronounced rightist tendencies than Rawson, but the effect his leadership would have Argcnlina's foreign policy was nol immediately clear. (Dispatches from Montevideo FBI Conference .at L. R. Next Monday Little Rock. June 7 —(/V)— Fred llallford, special agent in charge of the Little Rock office of the Federal Bureau of investigation, today announced plans for the second series of FBI quarterly conference opening next Monday tit llarrion. The meetings, open to all law enforcement officers, will feature (Continued on Page Three) U.S. Opens Up Kiska Attack With Bombs Washington, June 7 —I/I')— Heavy bombing raids on the Japanese at Kiska in the Aleutians were re- porlcd by the Navy today in a communique which told also of the bombing of Munda on New Georgia island and enemy positions on Choiscul Island in the Solomons. At Choiscul bombs silenced enemy gun emplacements, but at Kiska and Munda results ot the attacks were not observed. "South Pacific: (All dales art- Navy communique said: Reds Destroy 752 German Planes in May Moscow, June 7 (/P)— Citizens of Moscow looked forward to another significant week of aerial warfare today as they went to work reading of the Red Air Force's reported achievements in knocking down 752 German planes to Russian losses of 212 from May 30 through June 5. The week's air bailies brought German losses lo 2,821 planes during Ihc lasl five weeks, Russian dispatches said. (The Soviet midday communique recorded in London from a Moscow broadcast, said Russian bombers were active again last night, the Nazi lines in the Lisichansk area ot the Donets river front (A Berlin broadcast quoting DNli .said German bombers also were active last night, again heavily raiding Gorki, important Russian armament center on the middle Volga east of Moscow. (Stepped - un artillery action and German attempts to force a Donets river crossing and counterattacks near Sevsk, northwest of Kharkov, also were reported in the midday communique. (It said the German attempts to cross the Donets and their strong Sevsk counterattack. 1 ; were thrown back after scores of the enemy had been killed.) Russian communiques continued In ignore German radio reports of violent, fighting on the central front between Smolensk and Vcl- ikie Luki. The Berlin radio in a Sunday broadcast bad termed the I'ighlnj; there Ihe "battle of Vc- American Air Force Expands in England London, June 7 — (If) — The Eighl U. S. Army Air Force was expanded today by the arrival oi another large contingent of airmen and equipment, and already feverish invasion speculation was heightened by Prime Ministei Churchill's continuing round o conferences believed lo bear di rcclly on Ihc Washington wa strategy meeting and his visit to North Africa. For mililary reasons the slrcngll of the U. S. air unit just arrived at a Brilish port was kept sccrcl bul it is known that bombers anc their crews have streamed acros the Atlantic as the weather improved and thai ground personnel, bombs and other equipment have been arriving regularly by boat. The lull in the aerial onslaught to soften Europe for land invasion continued into its ninth day. Tho last heavy raids were May 20, when U. S. fliers hammered Rennes and St. Na/.airc and the RAF smashed at Wuppcrtal. Bad weather over the continent was given as the reason for the lay-off, although there was some speculation the heavy bombers had shifted to the Mediterranean area for concentrated action on that potential invasion front. The Daily MaiT said the RAF had a new bombing policy — giant raid aimed at obliterating a large industrial center in a single night. The RAF struck at channel shipping and French coastal districts Smash Targets in Straits at Toe of Italian Boot —Africa By EDWARD KENNEDY Allied Headquarters in North Africa, June 7 —(/P)— Hitting from two directions. U.S. and British empire airmen smashed rail and ferry facilities on both sides ol Msesina Strait at the toe ol the Italian boot, and pounded Pantelleria again, yesterday, following up Saturday's smashing attack on the Italian fleet at La Spezia. At least eight of a formation of more than 30 fighter planes which attempted to intercept American, heavy bombers of the Middle Kast command which raided San Giovanni, Reggio Calabria and Messina, were shot down and others were damaged, a Cairo communi- que said. Hits were scored on railway sidings, oil installations and other terminal facilities, the communi- que declared. RAF fighters also shot down two Cant. Z-l007s. three cngined heavy bombers, in Ihe eastern Mediterranean yesterday, it was announced. No Allied planes were lost. (The Italian communiqu, broadcast by the Rome radio and recorded by Ihc Associated Press, asserted without offering any further detail that an Allied submarine was sunk by the Royal Italian Navy in the Mediterranean. (The Italians also said their lighter planes brought down four our - engined bombers and anti- lircraft guns downed a fifth in the Allied raids on Messina, Reggio Calabria and other localities on the Messina Starit. They acknowledged further bombing of Phnlelleria. ". " " (In the Pantellcria raids, the Italians asserted seven Allied planes were brought down by their fighters and anti-aircraft guns. They said German fighter planes brought down two other bombers south of Sicily and a Spitfire, near Lampedusa island. Three Italian planes were lost it was said. Allied announcements said 19 - Axis planes were shot down in all operations against the loss of one Allied craft, this one of those attacking Pantellcria. Both the strategic and tactical air forces of the North African Command concentrated efforts over the weekend on Pantelleria, small and already battered island, halfway between Tunisia and Sicily, and in the raid upon the Italian fleet base at La Speza, which drew the largest formation of Flying Fortresses ever dispatched from North Africa. The Wellingtons which showered Pantellcria wilh explosives Saturday night operated under Maj. Gen. James H. Doolittle's strategic command. Scarcely had the sun peeped above Ihc horizon yeslerday before a great attack by squadrons of Air Marshal Sir Arthur Coningham's taclical c o m m and was launched. Participating were Baltimore? and Bostons of the RAF and South African Air Forces and Havocs and Mitchells of the U. S. AAP. They were escorted by American fighter pilots flying Spitfires and Lightnings. between included Labor Board. While there was no clearly de- a clause whereby Harlxo agreed to puy $0 a monlh storage on his mortgaged property. The court said Ihis .storage contract was not part of the original loan but wns a "cover for interest in excess of thai permillcd by law." A Jefferson Chancery couii decree denying Mrs. Bertha S. Glad- feller's pclitmi for abalemcnl of a divorce suit filed againsl her by Richard S. Gladfeller, Pine Bluff, until he paid her $910 back alimony was affirmed. The lower court 1 allowed her temporary alimony 7 of 27.50 a Continued on Page Four) fined geographical division, most of the northern commercial operators were represented as feeling the portal-to - portal pay issue should be settled with Ihc union negotiations scheduled to resume today — and the sooner the belter. A large segment of the southern operators, on the other hand, was reported holding out for a referee's ruling by the WLB, an agency which United Mine Leader John L. Lewis has denounced us prejudiced. While the wrangling continues in Washington, reports from the eoal fields indicated near-normal pro- Continued on Page Four) lion in probing un-American activities, Hallford said. Dales of the conferences follow: Although he declared the Japa- : ,, iscu! . sions of po i'i cc . F BI coopera- nese arc on (he defensive • "time is working for us now.' admiral warned that "we must du everything in our power tn aid . China, because we must use bases V am ?'-' n< n !"£ ,' , " y °, » June ID; Fort Smlih, June Id; Russellville, June 17; Little Rock, June 111; Walnut. Ridg.e June 21; Osceola, June 22; Forrest City, June 13 McGehcc, June 11; El Dorado. June 25; Texarkana, June 2!). in China to attack Japan." He explained thai in order lo tighten their defenses, the Japanese must knock China out of the war, and that, he said, is what they are trying to do. The United Slates' increased production of war materials will he the deciding factor, however, lie assured. Rephan to New York on Fall Buying Trip Ed I. Rephan. proprietor of Rephan's Department stores, left Hoi Springs Ihis weekend for New York to buy fall merchandise. He will return late in June. South Pacific: (All dates are cast longitude) '1. On June 6th: "(A) During the morning forma- j lions of Navy Dauntless (Douglass; SBO) diver bombers and Avenger ( (Grumman RBF) torpedo bombers, escorted by Wildcat (Gruni man F4F) fighters, attacked Japa- li/.li," and said Nazi lines had been ••moved furward In a mure favorable position" after six days of biller fighting. The Soviet midnight communi- que describing Sunday fiuhtinus. ha id German forces attacked in the Sevfk area, "attempting to win back pn.slinns lost the day before." It said Russian planes had smashed several railway trains "during the day's bombing and strafing forays. (Tlu> derman High Command eemmuniqiie, broadcast from Berlin and recorded by the Associated Press, said bill one plane was lost ; in the raid upon Gorki last night and declared that KH Soviet planes were destroyed Saturday and Sun- Roosevelt on Air 4:15 p. m. Monday Washington, June 7 i.fl-'i—Pres- dcnl Roosevelt will speak over all radio networks today at 4:15 p.m.. Central War Time. The address, to run about 10 minutes, is intended primarily for delegates to the recently concluded United Nations food conferenc eat Hot Springs, Va.' nesc installations at Munda New Georgia island in the central Solomons. "Results of this attack were not observed. All U. S. planes returned. "(B) Later in the same day, a formatio n of Lightiim (Lockheed P-381 and Warhawk (Curtiss P-40> fighters straffed Japanese positions on Choiseu Island, enemy 31111 emplacements were silenced. All U. S. planes returned. "North Pacific: "2. On June 5th. Army Libcra- tor (Consolidated B-24) heavy j ad in The Star the next day—and the money was returned lo her. ("The air force, off 7the Cau- ciisi.-ni coast, has sunk two enemy motor torperlobnats and one submarine chaser," it said. $37 Is Recovered by Classified Ad Mrs. Woodurd Breed lost a poi-ketboi.ik containing $37 downtown in Hope. She put a classified bombers and Ventura (Vega B-34) medium bombers attacked Japa- It had been found in Talbot's de- nese installations at Kiska,jude to j partment store by Mrs. William a heavy overcast results of the I Stephcnion. member of Talbot's attack could not be observed." | staff. Sundnv and Nazi fighter - bombers hit at a southeast coastal town, which the German radio said was castbournc. The invasion guessing continued in London's press, with the Daily Herald declaring Gen. George C. Marshall, U. S. Army chief of staff, probably would head invasion forces in the Mediterranean theater while a British general might .direct any invasion against the northern Europe coast. The Daily Express said the North African conferences, attended by Churchill, Gen. Marshall and Gen. Sir Alan Brooke, "put the finishing touches to the United Nations' summer campaign" and that Lieul. Gen. Mark W. Clark's fifth U. S. Army would play a large role. The invasion - conscious Germans clamped another state of emergency down on the Norwegia port of Bergen, a potential landing point and it was disclosed that German defensive demolitions had blasted a 600 - yard wide belt, anti-tank flitches more than a mile from the sea, clear across the four miles of the Hague, Holland. The Morocco radio reported new class arre.-ts of persons along the French coast who might have aided Allied invaders. A Spanish report said Gibraltar was practically j bare oi shipping. U.S. Planes Pound Japs in China Theater Chungking. June 7 —(/P)—American bombers and fighters supporting the advancing central Chinese armies on Ihc western Hupeh front carried out widespread operations against the Japanese Sunday, a communique from Lieut. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwcll's headquarters said today. They swept the Yangtze from Ichang to Shasi , damaged one large boat and raked a gunboat with strafing fire, among other things, the communique said. Chinese dispatches meanwhile said Chiang Kai-shek's forces were battering their way toward Hwajung. a Hunan province town 100 miles southeast of the main Japanese base of Ichmig. The capture of Hwajung. north of Tungting lake which the Japanese used as a springboard for their abortive offensive down the Yangtze valley, would greatly relieve the threat to the great China rive bowl. The peril already has been diminished by retreat of Japanese forces in the general direction of the right bank of the Yangtze. Hwajung is one of the main Japanese strongholds south of the Yangtze.

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