Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on June 5, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Saturday, June 5, 1943
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VOLUME 44—NUMBER 199 Star The Weather Arkansas: Little temperature change this afternoon and tonight; scattered showers in northwest portion tonight. Stor of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, JUNE 5, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY4 Mine Strike Called Of Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN 56% Will Need Help Afrcr War War Bonds and Local Government' There is a note of approaching victory in the latest press- release from Roy G. Paschal, head of the state War Savings Staff—but Victory in World War No. 2 style reminds Mr. Paschal of some of the tense economic problems raised by Victory in World War No. 1 . Thirty days after the 1U18 Armis-<?! lice the American government can- clod S'/ij billion dollars' worth of var conlracls, throwing domestic Gigantic Aerial Drive Against Japs in Making —War in Pacific Aides of Castillo Government Flee to Montevideo -o Argentine Leaders Allies Drop 125 Tons of Bombs on Grottalgie —Africa By WILLIAM B. KING Allied Headquarters in North Africa, June 5 —(/I 1 )— Nearly 1U5 tons of bombs dropped from .U. S. Liberators of the Middle East Air Force smothered Grottalgie ar- drorne near Brindisi, in southeast ern Italy , in a two - wave assault yesterday while air forces from Northwest Africa shuttled over Piinlelloria. Sicily and Italy in their daily blows at Premier Mus : solini's anti - invasion strongholds. Lieut. Gen. Carl A. Spaal' forces stru'ik at Calim/.aro, on the solo of the Italian boot 00 miles from the Messina strait. Doth Calanzaro and Syracuse were attacked by incendiary - laden Wellingtons Thursday night. Cairo dispatches said hangars and administration buildings a the largo Groltalgie airdrome svere covered with direct hits in the clay light raid. Largo fires were let buriiiiiff 'imll columns" of"smokc' and )' explosions marked the mushrooming deslruction. One entire section of the field was said to have been knocked out. All the raiders returned safely, a United States communique said, although they were attacked by a formation of enemy fighters, four of which were shot down. In Cairo, Col. Keith K. Coinplnn of S.I Joseph, Mo., who led the Grottalgie attack, said lie rarely had seen more accurate bombing. "There were scores of fires which sent great pillars of black smoke into the sky," he recalled, "we completely smothered the area with bursts." Crewmen said a number of grounded aircraft were destroyed. Besides Catanzaro, on the Southern Italian coast ,and Syracuse in Sicily, Pangora on the instep of tin- Italian boot, Hilo airfield in Northwestern Sicily, Favignana island off the western tip of Sicily, and Pautelleria were hit in the continued bashing of Italy's Mcdi- terranca,, defenses by the northwest African air force. The RAF's Wellingtons dropped cargoes of incendiaries on Catan- zaru and Syracuse Thursday night American Lightnings set three hangars afire and damaged the runway at Milo airfield yesterday and attacked Favignana island. Puntelleria was attacked by aircraft of both the strategic and tactical air forces, wtih heavy medium and fighter - bobmrcs rocking that isle with many loads of explosives and ammunition. conomy out of joint. The strain will bo many times greater when victory comes in Vorld War No. 2, Mr. Paschal re- iiinds us—and that's where War 3onds come into the picture. Nut us an investment for indi- iduals alone, but for state and ocal governments also. Thomas Marshall is quoted as having said, 'Government is the harness with vliicli we draw our load of civili/.a- ion." Mr. Paschal goes on to say: "The recent 'Gallup Poll' is also a reminder of the si/o of the problem ahead of us. It is estimated that 24 per cent of the present employes will not have anything to fall back, on when our war production plants are shut down; that 32 per cent can only feed themselves without a job for OIJ days. This means that 5li per cent of our war workers will need help or a new job within !)() days. Each city and county will be faced with their unemployed immediately. Therefore, we urge our local committees of the Wai- Savings Staff to call on the officials of their county and their towns and urge them to plan to share in the solution of our post war problems. 'Government is the Harness With Which We Draw Our Load of Civilization.' Each unit can buy War Bonds and provide work opportunities to lake care of all return soldiers first, and then others according to their need. Let me urge that this be done. By The Associated Press Japan's Premier Hidcki Tojo acknowledged today "the Greater East Asia war is more and morn in a stage of decisive battles and Iho war situation is becoming increasingly .serious," even as Washington sources forecast a gigantic Allied air offensive against the Japanese. A Tokyo broadcast said Tojo issued a special statement, warning the Japanese people of grave events in the making 1 ', shortly before the funeral of Fleet Admiral Isoroku Yamumolo, author fo the sneak attack on Pearl Harbor. Yamamolo's ashes we're buried amid lavish pomp at, a cemetery near Tokyo, alongside those of Admiral Togo, hero of the Russo- Japanese war. In Washington, assistant secretary of the Navy Artcnius Gates hinted the Allies were reaching out for new air bases in the Pacific, declaring: "The trend of war for the immediate present seems to be a battle for air bases." And he added, when asked if new bases had been established or captured: "I can't imagine we are standing still." Gates had just returned from a 27,00n-milc tour of the Pacific battle -/.ones. In the Southwest Pacific, Gen. Mistrial Declared in Mathes Case Jonesboro, Juno 4— (/I*)— A mistrial was declared today in the first degree murder trial of Fred Malhos, 02, Jonesboro compress manager, when a jury trying him for the March 2iJ slaying of the compress president, James E. Parr, 07. reported it was hopelessly deadlocked nine lo three. ' The jury had deliberated the case six and a half hours, spending the nir.ht together after it earlier reported a seven 'to five division. Mathes pleaded self - defense and tempora ryinsanily. assorting Parr had refused lo patch up a long standing quarrel and that he- shot the executive when Parr reached for a gun. The stale, demanding the death penally (-(intended Mathes was sune at the time of the killing and that Hie shooting resulted from Prar's knowledge of the manager's alleged affair with a woman em- ploye. Mathes was placed under $5,000 bond and th,. case continued until the fall term of court. Prosecutor Marcus Fie!/ declined comment. All military laws in the Army arc enforced by Ihc Provost Marshal General's Department. Music Boxes in 2 Cafes Are Robbed Music boxes in two downtown cafes were robbed of approximately $35 in small change sometime last night and two suspects are being held for questioning, police announced today. Two music boxes at Patrick's Cafe were broken into and robbed of about $"15 and one box in the Uniciuc Cafe also netted the robbers $15. The thieves also robbed a cash box of approximately $5 and two cartons of cigarettes were missing from the Unique. Both cafes reported Ihe llicfls about ti o'clock Saturday morning. Robt. N. Singleton West Point Cadet Robert N. Singleton, only son of Mr. and Mrs. W. P. Singleton, 714 East Second street, has been appointed to West Point and is under orders to report to the U. S. Military Academy July 1, the family announced today. The appointment was made December 7, 11)42, by Lloyd Spencer, then U. S. senator. Mr. Singleton is a graduate of Hope High School, and completed a year at Marion Military Institute, Marion, Ala., where he was a master sergeant of cadets and won a medal for non-commissioned officer's excellence. Douglas MacArlhur's headquarters announced' U. S. Flying Fortresses and Liberators, blasting at Japanese airdromes in New Guinea the seventh successive day, dropped 18 tons of bombs on the enemy at Wewak yesterday. Not a single Japanese plane has challenged the week - long .series of raids, dispatches said, and once again all the American aircraft returned safely to their base. On the Burma front, where land fighting has been bogged by monsoon rains, RAF warplancs bombed targets in the big Japanese base at Kyab, on (lie Bay of Bengal coast, and carried out other widespread attacks. Ameriacn bombers also hammered the Japanese, blowing up enemy - controlled oil wells, an oil storage, tank and a factory. In China, Generalissimo Chiang Kai •- Slick's victorious Chinese armies .swept on unchecked in their .spectacular counleroffcnsive on the upper Yangtze river front, recapturing the Japanese base at Kungan in Southern .lupeli pro-i vincc. Kungan lies (if) miles southeast of the main enemy base at U-hanu which itself was under assault by Chinese troops. A communique said the Cliine.sc had captured an important point on the outer defenses of Ichaiig and wiped out more than half the Japanese garrison at Kungaii. Montevideo, Juno 5 (/!')— Five ministers of President Ramon S. Castillo's refugee Argentine cabinet landed at Montevideo today from the Uruguayan gunboat Sallo and there were rumors that Castillo himself would arrive here soon aboard the Argentine minesweeper Drummond. The secretary - general of the Uruguayan foreign office met the visitors, who included Foreign Minister F.nrique Ruiz Guina/u. The cabinet members entered a car and motored to the Argentine embassy. The Drummond. to which Castillo had transferred the scat of his government, left anchorage off Co- Ionia, Uruguay at dawn today and, with the Salto following, headed down the liio do Plata. Observers first expressed belief she was en- route to the Argentine naval base at Rio Santiago. Other cabinet ministers to cm- bark here were Carlos Accvedo, finance; Salvador Oria, public works; Guillermo Rothe, justice and public education, and Daniel Amacleo Vidcla, agriculture. Miguel Culaciati, minister of the interior, and Rear Admiral Mario FincatU, naval chief, remained aboard the Drummnod with Castilo. It was reported the five ministers who landed here boarded thn Sallo at Colonia harbor. Mgiuel Chiappe. secretary of the 'Argentine embassy here, was at the pvcr to meet Ihe Salto. Churchill Flies Home Via --•-u» North Africa Argentine's neutrality policy as well as control of ap- <? preaching presidential elections was thought involved in the South American republic's new political crisis. President Ramon S. Castillo, center, has taken repressive measures aimed at his political enemy Dr. Rodolfo Moreno, right, former governor of Buenos Aires province. Moreno opposed Castillo's election plans and his suport of Robustiano Patron Costas, left, for the presidency. NEA Service Telephoto By EDWARD London, June D. BALL 5 —(/Pi— Prime Minister Winston Churchill flew home today by way of North Africa from the Washington war council at which full accord was readied on a future Allied course on all fronts an accord which Washington, June r> —I/I 1 )—A gigantic aerial drive against (lie Japanese appeared in the making today with attention of both the navy and army turning toward more' and more bases for a continuing .series of bombing raids. "The trend of war for the immediate present seems to be a battle for air bases," said Artonuis Gat, assistant secretary of navy for air who has just returned from a 27,01)0 mile lour of the Pacific fronts. Navy Secretary Knox nod- was expected to be interpreted into action first with an invasion of Kurupc. The prime minister, who saw Gen. Dwighl D. Eisenhower in North Africa, landed at a British airdrome at dawn and proceeded immediately to London tn begin a series of conferences wtih members of his war cabinet. In London Churchill plunged immediately into consultation with his cabinet colleagues and service chiefs and there was some speculation that his report to the louse of Commons would not be nade immediately but would wail a fuller shaping, and il was uggesled parliament might ex- end its next scries of sessions to ear him. Not only was his plane escorted jy fighier craft on the later stages f the journey but Chuchill's flight vas timed so the plane passed the Continued on Page Four) Couple From the Bahamas Axis-patrolled Bay of Biscay by light, with no moon. lie was accompanied by /otrign Sucreliii y Anthony Kden, who fle'.v 'rum Britain to join him in the Morlh Africa la Iks, and by Gen. Sir Alan Brooke, chief of tlic im- erial general staff, who was with lini at the Washington conferences with President Roosevelt and the British and American general ilaffs. In North Africa Churchill also nad what was described as a "most cordial" meeting with Gen. Charles de Gaulle and Gen. Henri Giraud, who earlier in the week Crew Out But Pilot Gets Fortress Back By LEO BRANHAM At a U.S. Bomber Station in England, June 5 — (/P) — Lieut Willam R. Smith, 26, of Wilkcs- Barrc, Pa., brought the Flying Fortress "Fire Ball" back from the Mof, Kiel raid with three crew members unconscious from lack of oxygen. A German cannon ball disrupted a section of the piano's oxygen supply system at an altitude of W,000 feet, it was reported and the three collapsed. A fourth, although gasping for breath and out on his feet, continued firing at the last of the German pursuers. A fifth attempted to bail out, but was killed when his parachute harness caught on the fortress door. The oxygen line to the remainder of Ihe crew was undamaged. Back over England alter the roundtrip flight of nearly 1,000 miles, Smith brought the fortress down on an outlying field. 'I bet there wasn't a pint of gasoline left in ouv lank," Smith said. Telling the stnry, Smith said: "That 20 millimeter shell was one of those 1,000 to one chance shots which knocked out the emergency OX.VRCII as well as the rcmilar supply system." He said he first learned of the crew's plight when the co-pilot. Fliuht Officer Don R. Joyce, of Arkansas Cily, Ark., called back on the inlercomc to see if the crew was okay. lie got no replies from Sergeants Jasper B. Gay, Mobile. Ala., radio opcrator-funner; Lewis Turbervillc, Tabor City, N. C., eft waist gunner; Reuben A. Mills, teuton, Ark., tail gunner; Kenneth W. Gorsuch, Joplin, Mo., ball tur- Nognes Jints as Ruler of Morocco Board Won't Draft Until Strikes Halt settled differences and sol up a .provisional French government, under their joint leadership. Churchill's homecoming coincided with mounting speculation that the Allied blow was about lo fall upon Hitler's so-culled European Fortress. Blackout Fells Navy Flier London. —i/l'j— Emmclt Kgber Kdwards. M, of Globe. Ari/.ona flew in combat with the RA1 1 ' with out suffering a scratch- but he wasn't so lucky in an America! dinioul. Kdwards, former University of Ari/.ona athlete, was one of 19 young Americans who recently transferred from the RAF and RC'AF lo the U. S. Navy for flight Algiers, June 5 —(/!')— Gen. Au gusto Nogucs presented his rcsig nation as resident general o French Morocco to Gen. Henri Gi raud today with the assertion h placed French unity above all other cnosideralions and, in a message to Moroccans, defended his coiiduclin office. (An Algiers radio broadcast recorded in London said Gabric< Piiaux, former French high commissioner in Syria, had been appointed resident general of Morocco lo succeed Nogues). Seeking lo explain why French troops under him n Morocco resisted the Allied landings. Nogues said in his message lhat: "Nov. 8, ID'IU we had the duty of keeping our word. We performed our duly with sorrow. In acting thus we avoided German intervention. Having been disciplined up to the point of even sacrificing their sne- limcnts, it is with enthusiasm that our troops have formed themselves again in one bloc and taken up the struggle ill the side of the 'Allies a gainst the common The ousting of Nogues wasone enemy." The ousting of Nogucs was one of the measures demanded by Gen. Clirales do Gaulle, the Fighting French leader. Formation of a streamlined war cabinet within the frmaework of the newly - organized French committee for national liberation was considered likely in political quarters. The committee met again today to consider the feasibility of general Giraud continuing as commander in clieif of the army and the removal of additional officials. Sheridan, June 5 — (/Ti — The Grant county draft board is "op posed to drafting any more men. . until the government. . . puts a slop lo these strikes. . . . am order (s) the draft boards to place in class A all strikers who refue to return,to work at once." This statement was contained i a resolution which said that "thi apply to all plants, whether coal o otherwise, that have war contracts." The resolution, • unanimously adopted yesterday, was addressed to Gov. Homer M. Adkins with the request that he "take such action as may be necessary to see that the sentiments herein expressed are carried out." John R. Matthews, chairman, said the board would continue to function normally and that the resolution should not be interpreted as arefusal to draft additional men. He explained that the board acted before the coal strike had been called off and before passage by Ihe House of Legislation providing prison sentences and fines for persons instigating strikes in government - operated plants. Grant county is the birthplace of Sen. John L. McClellan (D-Ark.). His father, Isaac McClellan, is a member of the board. English Widows Remarry Servicemen London, —(/I 1 )— More than 1,700 English widows of World War II remarried in 1942. Of these, 1,000 John L. Lewis Orders Miners Back to Work —Washington By The ASsoclatd Press Washington, June 5 — (IP) — Jc L. Lewis' coal miners raised thefi possiblity of another crisis todasj| by hedging their back to worl;" agreement with a June 20 line for settling their contract de-3 mands. Attached to telegrams authoriz^l ing local unions to get back to work4r on' Monday — President Roose-j volt's deadline for ending the| strike which has held the coal industry in tthrall since Tuesday — | was this qualification: "Up to and] including June 20." "This action," said the UMW pol-J] cy commttec, "was taken to pro-J ect your union and its member-f hip." However, the committee dis^-f avowed any intenton of hamper-! ng the war effort, stating there is] ample coal on hand and "even Uiii sresent situation has not imparted! our war productive effort." Washington observers noted that] icither in the telegrams to the lo-f cal unions nor in a committee! statement were any direct threats! to go out on strike again. Indee r dj the str.lc.Tient set out that 1 ', J "The Uiiiled Mine Workers of! America want,.to make a full con-f tribulion to maintain a continuity! of coal production adequate tog meet every war requirement." had chidlren. The Ministry of Pensions reported that out of one hundred cases which were especially checked, 48 per cent of the women who re-married agai n chos e husbands from the military forces. i-cl gunner, or Louisville, Ky, Lewis T. Bukcr. right waist i;un- The 200 OOOlh ticket i^nlly was I gre ^ ever _ 8tt ractive Duchess ol purchased at Cave of the Mound,, I windsoj . ^ ^ Duke . whose face begins to betray ru's years. duly. After reporting at Jacksonville, Fla., for indoctrination and refresher course, he looked forward eagerly to a two weeks' leave. On his eve of departure, he cauyht his foot at the top of a blacked out flight of steps, fell and shattered a leg in fnYee places. "Joyce told me 'I think we've ;ot five dead men back there,' Smith said. "You can imagine what a feeling that gave me. 1 sent the bombardier, Second Lieut. Wlliam A. Wintrc, of San Francisco, back to investgate and he told us the situation. By this time we were well out over'the North Sea and flyinf, much lower. Soon we got down to a lower altitude and Gay. Turberville. Mills and Gorsuch revived. Turberville never had bccomi- entirely unconscious and kept firing at the Germans. "We slrunHlcd and struggled t» iTl Rackor back into the plain- and finally succeeded just bi.-fon- we arrived over Hie English coast, hut it took right of us to do it. 1 had turned over the controls to the copilot and gone back to help." Then began the worry for the crew whether the plane could be gotten safely back to base. The bomb bay doors couldn't close, Smith said, after the buinh:. were dropped and he "gunned" Ihe engines to try to force them shut. "That," he said, "used gasoline. Our gas got so low that just br- forc we sighted England I told the crew to prepare for a landing in the channel. We really were sweating it out." As soon as the landing was made, at a Fighting French air- Continued on Page Four) Since early in 1042, BO per cent of top - grade sole leather lias been reserved for the U. S. Army. Ahoy!—the traditional hail on shipboard—was once the dreaded battle cry of the Vikings. "Virtue, Liberty and Independence" is the state motto of Pennsylvania. Proclamation WHEREAS, June 8 to 14 is designated as Flag Week by the United States Flag Association, which sponsors throughout the Nation this week commemorating the adoption of our Flog, and WHERFAS, The observance this year is dedicated to Iho War Savings Program of the United States Trcas- uiy Department with the slogan "Save by Saciificc" and the object of selling 100 million dollars worth of War Bunds over and beyond normal purchases for the week. Now Therefore, As Mayor of Hope, Arkansas, I proclaim the week of June 8 to 14 Flag Week; direct that our Flag be displayed on all municipal buildings; and urge that our citizens display the National Emblem at their homes, places of business and elsewhere. Furthermore, I urge our people to particiate in the Flag Week War Bond Campaign so that our city will discharge with honor and distinction its share of responsibility in this campaign of homage to our Flag and aid lo the victory for which our brave sons, on the batlle- iionl-i of the world, arc offering all that they possess. IN WITNESS WHEREOF I have hereunto set my hand and seal this 3rd day of June, 1943. ALBERT GRAVES, Mayor. By The Associated Press Washington, June 5 — Dis on the home front was avertedito day as John L. Lewis instruct his 500,000 striking coal miners to| obey President Roosevelt and, go back to work Monday rnorntog.f Indications from the coal fields!) were that full production would be underway again the first of the week. The president of the United Mine Workers reached his deci-j sion yesterday after the walkoutf which started Monday night had cost the nation 10,000,000 tons coal, threatened vital steel producj tion, and compelled the White] House to shift his attention fron battleground strategy to this do mestic crisis. ,' "The miners and their leaders! as patriotic Americans, placed thf. law and the national interest! above their own ungranted and long deferred claims for justice! and equity," Lewis said in an| nouncing the back-to-work depj| sion. The 63-year-old labor leader; central figure in counties! wrangles with management, gov : eminent and union colleagues look one more rap at the Wa: Labor Board as he yielded 'to Mr Roosevelt's command. His announcement followe? closely a telegram from Interioi Secretary Ickes expecting ths| "you will direct the members " the United Mine Workers to ret work." Ickes has been operating the mines since May 1 when Presv dent Roosevelt ordered them taker over by the government. "The solid fuels adminsitrato: (Ickes) is a duly constituted ageni of the government and we desiri to cooperate with him," saic Lewis. "We have the assurance of th< president that as soon as the mini workers return, the disposition o: the dispute will forthwith pro ceed." The miners are demanding $2 day more — representing wha they say is payment for th amount of time they use travelling underground, the old portal portal issue. The operators offeree approximately 80 cents to $J Lewis turned that down, then sug gested a temporary agreement a S1..50 which the producers refuses to accept. Lewis' use of the term "forth with" pertaining to bargainin] raised a singular situation for th,< Labor Board. Negotiations we; technically scheduled to res today. Yet they should not proce under the WLB's dictum that an,) I parley over wage disputes while { strike is in progress is "coercive. 1 This strike has been called off but not until Monday. Nevertheless, it was expecti some bargaining spade work e<?i be done immedatcly on the tlieoi that, to all intents and purposes walkout is over. Mr. Roosevelt's wishes — the strike end and the WLB bail die 1he controversy according procedure adopted lor all wartimi labor arguments — thus we; obeyed. The president made jj plain Thursday when he demamj: ed an end to the strike that ti« WLB was not to be bypassed de spite Lewis' aversion to Continued on Page Four)

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