The Ottawa Herald from Ottawa, Kansas on November 3, 1961 · Page 9
Get access to this page with a Free Trial

The Ottawa Herald from Ottawa, Kansas · Page 9

Publication:
Location:
Ottawa, Kansas
Issue Date:
Friday, November 3, 1961
Page:
Page 9
Start Free Trial
Cancel

Strontium, Iodine, Cesium Three Bad Actors In Nuclear Fallout THE OTTAWA HERALD Friday, November 3, 1961 EDITOR'S NOTE—Three radioactive substances in particular need careful watching as'fallout from nuclear testing increases. But at this point, their distribution appears well below the immediate danger level to human health. Last of three articles. By ALTON BLAKESLEE Associated Press Science Writer NEW YORK (AP)-The main bad actor atoms in bomb test fallout are strontium, iodine and cesium. The iSoviet Union's gigantic 50- megaton bomb shot another dose of them into the air, for winds to blow about and for rains and snow to brinp drifting down on people around the world. Is this a cause of serious concern' for Americans? No, at least not yet, says the U. S. Public Health Service which The watch is maintained because fallout atoms are potentially a hazard, especially if quirks of wind and weather make some localities "hotter" than others. The test fallout coming from great distance is of possible concern only if it gets inside the body. The trouble with strontium 90 is that it concentrates in bones, while iodine concentrates in the thyroid gland. Too much of these atoms might cause cancers of the bone or thyroid, or leukemia. Cesium 137 becomes generally distributed through the body, including sex glands, where it mi r ;hl cause genetic changes. How much is too much for hu mans? No one can answer this, because no one is sure how little radiation it takes to cause harmful effects on the human body. So, to play it safe, international is keeping a supercautious eye on j and TJ. s experts have set ex- fallout. Exnerts meeting last! tremcly low maximum doses for week said they did not foresee | dai]y j " ntakfi h> . }, uma ns. any need for protective action even if the Soviets went ahead | They can't prove it. They do know that fallout from tests so far has not gone above these limits. These limits, as in the case of strontium 90 for example, ar.e at least 100 times less than the amount of strontium required to produce bone cancers in laboratory animals. Just how much of the bad actor atoms were created by the Soviet monster bombs, and all its current tests, has not been made public. Reason: The Soviets, as well as U. S. bomb testers in the past, have not divulged the makeup of the bombs. The H-bomb or fusion reaction itself does not create any stron tium, cesium, or come from the A-bomb or fission reaction in the bomb. And the A-bomb reaction is needed to produce the heat and pressure to make the hydrogen atoms fuse. A general assumption is that half the energy in an H-bomb comes from fission. This estimate riving much less than half its total energy from fission. One estimate is that each megaton of fission energy produces 110 pounds of byproduct fission atoms. So a 50-megaton bomb, getting 25 megatons of energy yield from fission, would produce 2,750 pounds of some 200 kinds of radioactive atoms at the outset. Most of these "die" very quickly, and so don't travel far. But strontium 90 and cesium 137 remain radioactive for many years. It takes about 27 years for half the original amount to disap pear. If taken in food, these atoms can remain active in the iodine" These j body, emitting potentially damaging rays, for a long time. Iodine 131 has a halflife of eight days. Half of it becomes harmless in eight days. In anoth of the Public Health Service points out. From all bomb tests through 1958, the actual amount of strontium 90 in children's bones, on the average, was about 26 times less than the amount deemed to be harmless if it is in bones. All the Sovi* tests might double this —and it would still be about 13 times less than the estimated "safe" amount. Fallout from tests can produce temporary and sometimes big jumps in the amount of radiation, and the types of atoms, in various localities. As a guide for protection, the Federal Radiation Council has set limits on the daily intake over an entire year, as measured in micromicrocuries of activity. For strontium 90, this ranges from 200 to 2,000, and for iodine er eight days, only one quarter f rom JQO t 0 1,000. A micromicro- of the original amount remains, j cur j e j s one millionth of one could remove the danger from iodine. Washing fresh fruits and vegetables carefully could remove fallout atoms. If certain crops were found to be relatively high in strontium, they could be avoided as human food. Cows could be fed forage which had been stored inside barns or silos, and hence not touched by fallout. Research promises ultimately some ways of dealing with strontium hazards in food. What worries many health officials is that many people—out of panic—might give up drinking any milk, or avoid essential foods because they feared it was contaminated with too much radioactivity. That kind of wholesale avoidance of essential foods could do far more harm than infinitesimal amounts of radioactivity which were below the "maxi- to some people in the United States." "At present radiation levels, and even at somewhat higher levels, the additional risk is slight, and very few people will be affected." We are local dealers for authorized ARMCO FALLOUT SHELTERS If milk became contaminated ; m jHj on th of a curie, with a curie j mums" now being observed, with iodine, keeping it refriperat- j being equivalent to the radioac j Said the Public Health Service They think these tiny amounts i could be far off, if the big Soviet j ed for a month would make it j tivity in one gram (one-twenty with their huge explosion. would' be tolerable without harm, i H-bomb was "clean"—that is, de- i safe to drink, Dr. James Terrill j eig j lt h O f an ounc e) of radium lYason On Education Don't Force Your Children To Compete For Approval By DR. LESLIE J. NASON Professor of Education, USC i Jimmy was different. For rea- , sons quite beyond his control i school was a problem for him. Only the desperate and heroic j He wasn - t snort on intelligence, efforts of firemen saves the lives! but he was cer t a i n ly lacking in of two brothers, aged 9 and 10, | con fid ence . He was so paralyzed try to begin it or urge it on. Then competition for its own sake becomes a contest for the approval of the parents. No child should be asked to risk losing his parents' love. ny, but Johnny swims a whole lot better. Potential troubles may be avoided if you take a few minutes to list the strongest and weakest qualities of each of your chil- The Public Health service keeping a daily watch on radioactivity in the air, water and milk and some foods, to detect any dangerous increases. If limits are approached or exceeded, then some actions can be taken to protect people. For milk, switching to canned or powdered milk—which had been on the shelf long enough— or letting fresh milk sit a last week: "The radiation caused j by the Soviet tests will add to i the risks of genetic effects in succeeding generations, and possibly to the risk of health damage KEEN TV SERVICE 114 S. Main CH 2-3490 Interior of "Underground" Shelter • Two Types: "Underground" (Installed in yard); "Basement" (you can erect in your basement) • Approved by Civil Defense • Low in cost • Financed through FHA Call us for illustrated literature. ARMCO See Us for Details HUBBAKl LUMgfK Choose your Pharmacist as you would choose v o u r Doctor. May we fill your next prescription? RANEY REXALL DRUG 304 S. Main CH 2-3092 PRESCRIPTION DRUGGISTS Free Prescription Delivery „_ _.-— -, ,, ' I^UI II lUUll^-C. llVi TT t»t> «JV/ |^M*««J ~*rt» ~..—.• ._, ,_ ' J I from almost certain death as fire i by the fear tllat he cou idn't live' These things aren't always easy dren. ^ You may be surprised^ at swept through their frame home, up to tnc repu t a tion of his broth ' recently. lers that he couldn't really thinl; to remember, but there is one simple precaution. Be sure there The fire was the work of an a |j ()ut muc h e i se As might be is a basis for competition. It efficient arsonist, almost 8 years CX p ec ted, he met with crushing j sounds simple, but it's often miss- defeat. ' i ed. Some children are blessed j with more ability, or different Why take it out on his broth- 1 abilities tnan others Bu ijd up ers? A child's logic rarely follows j the best qua i it i es o f eac h. Mary old. His motive? He was convinced that he needed to get rid of his brothers and he couldn't find any other way to do it. Was this t h e abnormal act of g psychopathic child? Jimmy— NASON that's not his name — was com adult patterns. He needed the praise and esteem of his parents; his brothers were getting it. To him it seemed that they were his only obstacle. We can be grateful that such cases are rare. At least, cases that lead to such terrifying results are rare. The feelings aren't. Any teacher can list cases in than John- the cover differences! You may dis- where each child needs mitting an act that was much j which children, and their work, too close to psychopathic for com-' suffer from this kind of problem, fort. But Jimmy's actions were '. Lj]- e most problems, these are also frighteningly close to nor-! eas j e r to avoid than to solve. Most parents are fair. Most re- It would be more accurate to say that Jimmy was a very troubled little boy, trying to solve a problem that was much too big for him. alize that each child in the family needs and deserves to be loved for himself, not just for what he does. It is easy to be proud of a child who deserves special recognition Jimmy never told the whole story — that was beyond his ability. But authorities got 1S ""V" TM"" "VT'T •Y . , ,. , . * , i when other children in the family enough information to piece to- . , , J ,, T . , -it- need it, too. But it can be done, gether Jimmy s point of view. ' for outstanding performance. It is hard to equalize the attention In a nutshell, Jimmy's two brothers were successful, and he in ways that will make each member of the family comfortable and proud of the whole fam- ilv. wasn't. Before Jimmy even start-! ed school he was used to hearing ' Competitions that develop be- his parents praise his brothers. ! tween brothers and sisters can They were doing well in school i be good. Such competition works and the parents were so pleased ! best when it develops automatic- thai their success became a proud ally between the children. But topic of conversation. trouble may appear when parents praise, where he needs encourage- j ment and ways in which he needs | your help. j (Address your questions to Dr. Nason in care of this paper. He will discuss questions of general interest in his column.) U> | 0 0 1 1 If you are tired of looking high and low for some valuable papers you've misplaced, perhaps it's time you gave them the protection they deserve, in a safe deposit box in our vault. THE NORTH SIDE BANK Tecumseh and Main Dial CH 2-2052 R. S. Hill, Pres. Ed Hosier, Vice Pres. and Cashier Mamie Sands, Asst. Cashier Glen Hayward, Asst. Cashier Howard Deputy, Asst. Cashier Member Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Lillian Stars In Ov/n Show PHILADELPHIA (AP)-Lillian Reis, whose burglary trial ended in a hung jury last month, reopened her night club Wednesday night with herself as the star attraction in a floor show. The shapely, 32-year-old former chorine, who hadn't danced in revues for about five years, did the Charleston, the jitterbug, the twist and the rhumba. "It was a wonderful success," she said in an interview. "All my old friends and some new ones were there. All the rooms were filled. The bar was four deep." Miss Reis made only one reference to her trial: that she had decided to close the club until it was over. She was accused of masterminding a bizarre burglary at the home of John B. Rich, a Pottsville, Pa., coal magnate, then using some of the money to purchase her night club. Police claimed the 1959 burglary netted $478,000. No new trial date has been set. Ottawa's Business and Guide OPTOMETRISTS MEDICAL DIRECTORY Arvid Berglund, O.D. OPTOMETRIST 316 S. Main CH 2-2796 Olin G. Wollen, O.D. OPTOMETRIST 110 W. 3rd CH 2-4303 A. G. Madtson, O.D. OPTOMETRIST 205 S. Main CH 2-4 Rodney McClay, O.D. OPTOMETRIST Professl' Bldg. CH 2-3793 CHIROPRACTORS Don L. McKelvey, D.C. CHIROPRACTOR 116 W. 2nd CH 2-4777 DOES TWIST — Lillian Reis performs "The Twist" at reopening of her Celebrity Room nightclub in Philadelphia. Her burglary trial last month ended in a hung jury in Pottsville, Pa. She is free on $15,000 bail. For Insurance On dwellings, household goods. buildings and automobiles See Dean Berlin, Agent 109 E. Second Phone CH 2-2804 * C ON sis TENT^ QUALITY mesas more milk profits Consistent quality in Mueller balk tank -manufacturing assures you a high quality performance in the milk house where it pays off in profits. Economical direct-expansion refrigeration in both "»tmospheric" and "vacuum" models . . . sizes from 90 to 2000 gallons . .. built- MUELLER bulk milk tanks in control! and «ither remote or Belt-contained condensing units. C.I.P. cleaning is an optional choice. Whatever features you prefer, they may be found in one of the varied Mueller models . . . come in and let us give you the complete story. Ask about our economy nodtl "K" teriu 300 Gallon Bulk Tank Completely Installed $1,500 MEETS 3-A STANDARDS J. C. South, D.C. CHIROPRACTOR 16 E. 15th CH 2-2166 Residence Phone CH 2-3961 S. M. Brockway, D.C. CHIROPRACTOR 1408 S. Main CH 2-2386 R. C. Capron. D.C. PHYSIOTHERAPY Ground Floor 113 E. 3rd Office Ph. 2-4100 Res. Ph. 2-2270 PHARMACY Is Our Business Your Prescription Will Receive Our Careful Attention BRISCOE DRUG STORE 847 S. Main CH 2-4133 1104 So. Walnut UnderWOOdpibg. and Trenching BEAUTY SHOPS Fredanno Beauty Shop We specialize in Permanent Waving and Hair Styling Irene Nitcher Shomber Maye B. Snyder, owner 111 W. 2nd CH 2-5120 BEAUTYLAND Styling Salon 114 E. 2nd CH 2-4347 OPERATORS: Rose Marie Woods Baxter; Eloise Hughes, Marion Ishang and Wiloma Babcock, owner and operator. Ella's Beauty Salon Complete Beauty Service Permanents — Tints — Manicures — Facials — Styling Mildred Hull — Karen Varner Ella McArdle 131 So. Main CH 2-4198 Veterinary Service Bill Bitte and Son Bob Ferguson Insemination Technician J. F. Barr, M.D. SURGERY Profess'l Bldg. CH 2-l"68 Frank A. Trump, M.D. Internal Medicine and Diagnosis Profess'] Bldg. CH 2-1620 Louis N. Speer, M.D. General Medicine and Surgery Office: 109 W. Fourth Phone CH 2-1257 Res. Phone CH 2-3401 David G. Laury, M.D. General Medicine and Obstetrics Professional Building Office CH 2-1620 Res. CH 2-1227 R. A. Collier, M.D. Surgery — General Medicine CH 2-1182 Res. CH 2-2393 Professional Building Henning Bros. 434 S. Main CH 2-2641 Sylva Lofgreen, M.D. Victor J. Lof green, M.D. Physicians and Surgeons 3rd & Walnut CH 2-2126 R. S. Roberts, M.D. Professional Building Surgery — Medicine Office CH 2-4325 Res. CH 2-1594 428 S. Maple CH 2-1758 VETERINARY SUPPLIES HESS. FRANKLIN and Others Mann-Bell Drug Store 501 N. Main CH 2-3924 Children's Orthopedic Foot Correction Propr-Bilt SHOES Recommended by Leading Foot Doctors All Over the World. Professionally Fitted and Sold Exclusively in Franklin County at RICHARDSON'S SHOE STORE 212 S. Main ELMOR CRAVEN ASSOCIATE First National BanK Bldg. Phone CH 2-1243 General American Life Insurance Co., St. Louis Your Want Ad is read by over 25,000 people. For Prompt Ambulance Service Call CH 2-1331 Ottawa, Kansas JOE TOWNER'S CHAPEL THE ANTHONY CLINICAL LABORATORY Gladys Anthony Allergies, Bacteriology, Serelogy Hematolog-y. Bio-Chemistry. Parasitology Room 15, Professional Bldg. Ph. CH 2-5296 Home CH 2-3407 OSTEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN HOMER N. FLORA, D.O. Osteopathic Physician Medicine and Surgery Zellner Building Phone CH 2-3746 DAVID L. YOUNG, D.O. Physical Medicine Phone CH 2-3844 222 E. 3rd St. FLYING SERVICE SKY SERVICE SMILING JACK'S SKY SERVICE Municipal Airport, Charter Trips, Sight Seeing Rides, Flight Instruction CH 2-9775 or CH 2-4230 Jack C. Kille, Mgr. BUNDY INSURANCE AGENCY "Planned Insurance CHERBY 2-4215 106 E. SECOND OTTAWA, KANSAS

What members have found on this page

Get access to Newspapers.com

  • The largest online newspaper archive
  • 11,200+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
  • Millions of additional pages added every month

Try it free