V The Byline of Dependability Hope Star The Weather Arkansas: Scattered thundershowers tonight and in north portion this afternoon; cooler tonight and in northwest portion this afternoon. VOLUME 44—NUMBER 198 Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, JUNE 4, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press )— Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass n PRICE 5c COPY Revolution in Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN- Meet Today's Problem Today President Roosevelt has ordered the half-million striking coal miners to. get back to their jobs by Monday, while the congress works frantically to complete emergency legislation in time for use by the president Monday should the miners dcfv him Thc several labor proposals now y ' obefore the congress, loosely grouped as "anti-strike measures," 2,000 Japs Die As Chinese Take Yangtze Port -War in Pacific Chungking, June 4 —(/I 1 )— Chinese forces have smashed inlo thc Yangtze port of Itu after annihilating 2,000 Japanese troops in the area and have captured Nanhsicn on thc northern shore of Tungling lake, a Chinese high command communique announced loday. Tha report said thc battle on the upper Yangtze had turned into a rout of enemy forces, which were battered ceaselessly by American grouped arc so confusing that thc House of Reprcscnlalives had to suspend dc- work thcrcupo bate yesterday while members took army service. time oul lo clarify Ihc situation. Thc need for this' was well pul by Democratic House Leader McCormack of Massachusetls when he pleaded wilh congressmen ". . . not to legislate in anger" by enacting general labor legislation but to "meet thc present situation." Thc commitlcc bill (Mililary Commillcc), he argued, would "legislalc againsl all of labor when Ihc vasl majority arc innocent." Rep. McCormack's caution is worth listening to. Thc coal miners stand alone on thc industrial labor scene as having been disloyal to their government and to their own kith and kin in uniform on thc fighting fronts. Both thc American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations long ago subscribed to an anli- FDR Hints Army Duty Ahead for Striking Miners By The Associated Press Washington, Junc4 —(/I')— President Roosevelt, who has ordered John L. Lewis' striking coal miners back to work Monday, laid down today as a simple rule that a man who quils essential war work thereupon becomes liable foi Quint's Dr. Dafoe Dead .XSWatSL. "»"» lie brought up this phase of the coal controversy himself nt a press conference, without saying wheth or he 1ms any drastic work-or-figh order in mind. Meanwhile, nothing but silence came from Lewis, whose hold 01 his so-far personally loyal miner faces a real test in view of the president's order. First Mr. Roosevelt was askcc whether troop protection would b provided for those miners wh obey his order to get bad; I work. and Chinese airmen. Fierce street fighting was reported in progress in Ilu, 23 airline miles below the main Japanese base of Ichang. In addition to capturing Nan- hzicn, 05 milsc southeast of Ilu. the Chinese were reported to have retaken 10 other towns in the Hupoh-Hunnn border region cast of the Canton - Hankow railway. Japanese attempts to land troops near Wuchwan in the southwestern Kwangtung province on May 2(3 were reported to have been re pulscd"., t ,. . :-,' t . „.•>••••-•• ,-,•-•"Ilu was the point through whicl Japanese forces retreating from Changyang 'were trying to mak their way across the Yangtze uftc being routed by the Chinese. The Chinese entry inlo Itu, con ing on the same day as Iho n capture of Chihkiang farther dow river, further hampered Japane communications to Ichang, whic the Japanese have been trying strike pact, and, except for unauthorized local strikes which were quickly ended, have lived up to their word. John Li. Lewis subscribed to that pact also. But he broke his word. His United Mine Workers of America are on strike, openly defying the government. Now the essence of this issue is that we don't know what John L. Lewis has in mind. But we recall that he was once a stalwart in the ranks of the A.F. of L., sought to wreck it by withdrawing and form- ng the C.I.p., then tried to upset Ye'latter and withdrew his miners s an independent union. The true national unions of Amcr- ca have by and large supported he government. Lewis is their enemy no less than the enemy of he government. It would be folly, hcrcfore, to lash out in angrf»this moment against both friend and :oe of the government. For all we tnow this might be the very action Washington, June 4 — The n; lion's 500,000 striking coal mine! were confronted today momentous choice—obeying Pre idcnt Roosevelt's command to r turn to work by Monday or slr'c ing by Die union's half-century a refusal to dig coal without a co tract with the operators. Reaction from the idle co Ti to ntina Units of Army Take Key Pom of Buenos Aires NEA Service Tclcphoto A quintet who will long remember the late .Dr. Allan Roy' Dafoe is this group of girls he brought into the world at Callander, Ont., in 1934. Dionne quints shown with Dafoe in one of his favorite pictures. fields was sparse and wary, president gave the strikers days to think it over, and lo co template these possibilities: 1—Adverse public reaction us coal supplies dwindle, steel production plummets, downward, and Congress acts on anli-slrikc legislation. 2—Loss of their deferment from military duly which has started already in Alabama and Tennessee by gubernatorial order. . 3—Invoking of-- laws- -affecting aliens. Many coal diggers arc aliens. 4_Use of federal troops to protect men who want lo work in the government - operated mines from demonstrations by pickets. Whether any of these possibil- safeguard. Chinese and A 1 li e d plane bombed retreating imperial force and smashed concentrations junks and other craft waiting Itu to transport the defeated vadcrs across the river. Thc attacking Chinese fore also were reported lo have pen Ira ted the outer defenses of Ki gan, a South Hupeh province to\ which the invaders had establish as one of the bases for Inch- we ward drive on Ihc upper Yang front, now turned into what 1 Chinese assert was the biggest rout of Ihe war. Thc Chinese closed in on Kun- gan after driving northward across the Hupeh border from newly-occupied towns in the rich rice-producing regions of north Hunan province, wcsl of Tungling Lake. The position of the Japanese in their stronghold at Nanhsicn, north of Tungling Lake, was said lo have boon rendered untenable with the fall of outlying positions. Meantime, donations from all over China poured in for the victorious armies of Gen. Cheng Chien, which turned the Japanese back from China's rice bowl and averted Ihc threat of a drive upon Chcngking itself. Mrs. Chiang Kai-Shek, wife of the Generalissimo, telegraphed an expression of her admiration for the feat of Gen. Cheng's forces and the National Women's Association for War Relief, which she heads, plotted by the scheming Lewis. Certainly nothing that would be welcome to Lewis would be welcome to Ihc rcsl of America right now. Thc miners alone have openly defied the government. They alone are on trial. Let's meet Ihis problem—and Ihis alone—taking up other problems only as the national safely requires it. Don't give Lewis even the slimmest chance of splitting up great blocs of American labor with Ihc charge thai the government is "crucifying" it. He is a wily politician, and one of the great stump orators of all lime. Marine Pilot Plays Rescuer Twice in Month (The following story was written by Sergeant Gordon A. Growdcn, Kalamazoo, Michigan, a Marine Corps combat correspondent, and .dislribyirfd,, by thc Associated Press.) Somewhere in thc South Pacific May 25 —(Delayed) — Lieutenant I i n fYicted heavy casualties Tuesday U.S. Fliers Take Heavy Japanese Toll By J. REILLY O'SULLIVAN Chungking, June 4 —(/P)— United States, j, relentless "atta'cte ''' trie '• and bombers in ..on retreating J^pei-; Yanglze .balt'le area and on enemy conccn- tralions in thc rear near Yochow, Continued on Page Four) 1535 American Casualties in Attu Battle Washington, June 4 —(/I 1 )— Coi quest of Allu in Aleutians cost In Uniled Slalcs 1,535 army casua lies including 342 men dead, 1,1! wounded and 58 missing up to mil night Tuesday, Ihe navy reporte today. The deaths represent a rato of ~. about five Japanese killed for each Ali"we'VccVio"do right now is I American lost in Ihe battling over handle Lewis and his miners—in a the snow covered crags and lun- manncr thai will appear vigorous dra. and just to thc rest of American Known Japanese cleathb, the labor who made a war-lime pledge navy has said, total 1,7)1 cxclus- lo their government, and lived up ive of enemy soldiers killed by air lo U bombing and naval bombardments and cremated or buried before I American troops took the island. I Small groups of Japanese still were roaming Attu harrassing | American troops on Tuesday, the navy said. However, their activities have been confined to sniping and wiping out all romainng enemy troops seems only a mallei of lime. A navy communique said "North Pacific: .. „ . "1. On June 1st, on Allu island idcnt Roosevelt said today thai lne sma n bands of Japanese troops A. D. Morgan, U.S.N., of Alamc la, Calif., "skipper" of an aviation scouting squadron stationed here, las played thc role of "rescuer" wice in one month in addition lo supervising and flying routine P»- Irols. One morning, while on a ferry hop, he sighlcd a rubber raft midway between Cape Espcrancc, Guadalcanal, and Savo Island. Dropping lower he discovered a man in thc craft, who at that time set off a smoke candle. Lieutenant Morgan landed his plane and taxied lo Ihc raft lo find First Lieu- tcnanl Pitsor Paul Pittman,- U.S.M.C., Gainsvillc, Texas, wounded and exhausted after 19 hours in his small boat. Lieutenant Pitlman, piloting a Grumman, had been shot down in Jap attack on Tulagi and Guad- and Wednesday, ,a communique from Lieut. Gen. Joseph W. Stillwell's headquarters said today. They sank many enemy river boats, bombed a vilal airdrome with explosives and disrupted rail traffic at a supply center, the bulletin said. One Japanese plane was destroyed, three probably shot down and two others were damaged. One American pilot is unaccounted for P-40S made demoralizing low level straffing attacks on Japa nese retreating columns Wcdnes day while Mitchell bombers al tacked the Japanese base head quarters and an airdrome at Yo chow. Understanding Between FDR and Stalin Washinglon, June 4 —(/P)—Pros- ilcanal the day before had shrapnel wounds from a Jap 20mm. cannon in bolh legs. A few days later, two pilots of he squadron, Ensign O. J. LaFcv- ers, of Bcxar, Arkansas, and Ensign W. C. Adams, Oakland, California, sighted a parly of survivors n the south shor o of Guadalcanal. Learning thai two man were suffering from injuries, they radioed their base and Lieutenant Morgan look off for their rescue. Arriving at thc point, lie found nine survivors of a B-l crew. P-40's were sent in wave against the Japanese forces fal ing back lo and across thc Yangtze between Ichang and Itu after their defeat by a Chinese army supported by American and Chinese airforccs in what the Chinese say is their greatest victory of the British War Ships Pound Pantelleria By DANIEL DE LUCE Allied Headquarters in North Africa, June 4, —(/P)— British warships have bombarded thc Italian forlress island of Panlelleria for 10 third and fourth times this •eck, hurling shells into thc har- or and battery areas, it was announced today. e d n e s d a y night and Thursday morning thc big ships tood off and pounded thc rocky sland in duplication of their double Tssaults of Ihe slarl of Ihe week. There was some slight return fire rom Italian batleries, but as in he two previous attacks thc Brit- sh naval unils were reporled lo have suffered no damage or cas- uallics. • Bombed day and night by American and RAF planes in the air siege, Pantelleria's shore gunners could reply bul weakly as Ihe British ships raked their emplacements. An Allied announcmecnt disclosed RAF Wellington bombers battered the island outpost Monday and Tuesday nights and on the latter date also delivered a blockbusting raid on the damaged port Raid on Kursk Costs Nazis 162 Aircraft By WILLIAM MC GAFFIN Moscow, June 4 (/P)— Thc Gcr man air force lost 162 planes out of 500 that attempted to raid Kursk Wednesday, it was announced today as the full story of Ihc raid unfolded. It was announced previously that 123 German craft had been destroyed over Kursk in one of the biggest air battles of the war as the aerial struggle all along the front intensified and land action remained desultory. A correspondent for Red Star, the Army newspaper, said the Germans atlcmpted an elaborate new plan of approach in the attack on Kursk, after their experience last May 22 when they lost 65 planes in a raid on Ihc key Rus- By CHARLES H. GUPTILL ^ Buenos Aires, June 4— (/P) —Army unils revolted today against Presi T( * dent Ramon S. Castillo's govern-i ment of neutral Argentina;.*! marched into Buenos Aires ** n <»l quickly seized control of strategicj points about the city. •' /s& There was bloodshed in a clashfl on the outskirts. ' ,&! Gen. Pedto Ramirez, rninlstcr,,of/l war in the Castillo cabinet, 'wast'l identified as the leader of the rcv-gl olution. *«! i Government quarters describcd|| the revolt simply as "a milltaryjl movement." Castillo assigned*! Gen. Rodolfo Marquez to combatfl the movement with "forces of re^ prcssion" made up of men. loyal to his conservative regime andj' sian Ukrainian base. This time they came in from directions and at different altiludes to form a star, the dispatches said. The attack began lasted 10 hours. at dawn and But Kursk was on the alert and the city's anti-aircraft guns grew up a heavy barrage at the enemy craft which slipped past Red fighter planes at the distant approaches to the city. Each side fed reserve planes into the battle and the German strategy of smashing ;with small formations was quickly stopped with many Junkers 88's and Dor- nicr 215's shot down. The Germans then sent one squadrom, of 100 planes at great height, but only a few of them succeeded in unloading their bombs on the target area, the Russians said. The Russians previously said "policy of prudence" in world af-J fairs. . 'i-l (Port authorities in Montevideo,'! capital of neighboring Uruguay, 4 ! were ordered to be on the lookout I for an Argentine navy gunboat, 1 which was reported without con-1 firmation being used by Castillo! and olhcr members of his govern-.! mcnt to flee. t'l (A Montevideo dispatch said con-1 flicting reports from Buenos Aires | left th c impression that the movement against Castillo was aimed at reversal of Argentina's foreign! and domestic policy, which has! left her as the only American na-l lion lo maintain relations with the! Axis. .One source, who cannot be! identified by name, said miltaryl leaders had recently given Castil-f lo an,^ultimatum to modify his pol icies within 48 hours. He said the! they lost 30 the city. planes in defense of understanding and accord between ro;i mcd some areas of thc is- "contributed $100,000 Chinese to the Army's comfort fund. Tomato Juice Ration Points Cut in Half Washington, June 4 —(fl 1 )— Thc OPA cut tomalo juice ration point costs in half today, announcing however thai all olher current blue coupon values are expected to stand unchanged for another month. The tomalo juice cul — which applies also to other vegetable juices containing 70 per cent or more tomato juice — is effective Sunday morning. Thc new value is two points a pound — which comes lo three points for a No. 2 size can and four points for a 46-ouncc can. This was the sccend sharp cut on tomalo juice, bolh prompted by slow sales. Paul M. O'Lcary, deputy administrator in charge of rationing, said point changes would be made in the future only once a month, "to ease the burden of rationing." A new schedule of meat poin values, which are one to three points a pound higher on most berf cuts also goes into effect Sunday him and Premier Joseph Stalin of ];, nc j ; allhough there was no fur Russia is excellent, in common- ih cr ' e nomy resistance, ing at a press conference on the ,, 2 'p no United States Armv cas- relurn of his special emissary to ua nj' es on Attu as of midnight June Moscow, Joseph E. Davies. The chief executive rmdc his brief statement when asked whether he could disclose anything about the reply to his letter that Davies br&ught back from Moscow yesterday. 1 were as follows: •Killed- 342. •Wounded-1,135. 'Missing-58. "3. In addition to thc known Jap- late anesc dead of 1,791 on Attu island .., (previously reported in Navy de- Mr. Roosevcll, referring lo the p ar tment communique No. 40()i U. Snviel head as Marshal Stalin, g Army troops have captured 11 said Davies had brought back a pr jsoncrs." letter and that the understanding Tne announcement that eleven nd accord between the president j a p an ese had been taken prisonci ind Stalin is excellent. increased by seven thc number of That was all he said about it e , le my troops reported captured ii and reporters did not press him lne carnpa ign. or details. Davies left Washington | about a month ago with a sealed etter lo Stalin. House Passes Anti-Strike Legislation Washington, June 4 —(/l'i— Legislation providing for prison sentences and fines for persons instigating or leading strikes in government - operated plants was passed today by Ihe House and srnl back In the Senate for action on amendments. Thc bill as approved by thc Thc machine-gunning pilots poured thousands of rounds of ammunition into the bewildered Japanese ranks. Many units broke and ran wildly. Hard-working P-40 pilots, flying in relays from an advanced airdrome, drcscribcd the effocl of re pcatcd tree-level attacks a: "slaughter." Meantime, bombers went aftci Yochow, a strategic port and rai center to which the Japanese had removed their headquarters from Hankow for an offensive in the di reclion of Chungking — now tun into a rout. Thc Mitchells scored many di reel hits on the Yochow air ficlc depot and headquarters area. Th crews reported many large fire started. Proposal to Limit Term of President of Naples. Two-ton bombs explod- cl on the Naples induslval area nd among thc docks and "many 'ere seen to burst among plants nd port buildings," il was stated. Besides block - busters — each apablc of levelling a ci'.y block- he twin - cngined Wellingtons Iroppcd other types of high explosives on thc vital Italian ship ling center. Thc Wellington? encountered no fighter opposition either over Naples or Pantelleria, striking evidence of thc depicted state of Axis defenses. (CBS said thc Moscow Washington, June 4 — (IP)— A proposal to limit future presidents to eight years in office, attracted strong Democraitc and Republican support in thc Senate today with the prospect it may become one of the major talking points both for and against a possible fourth term nomination for President Roosevelt. Minority backing for the proposal — a resolution for a constitutional amendment — came from Republican Leader McNary of Oregon, who told rpeorters: "I think Congress should pass the resolution and submit thc ques- president curtly rejected their suggestions.) ' / ... "A-force led-by Gen. Arturo^F son struck swiftly into the heart oil Buenos Aries after a 15, - mil march from Camp De Mayo.'X, Socialist Deputy Alfred Pala-| cios said the force numbered "' men. at the start and police sail other army men presumably wer picking up enroute. IJetails dropped off to engage government forces at a naval .mechanics school in the suburbs. One or two persons were reported killed there and many persons were iri- jurcd. The casualties included was civilian passerby. i-f The main body of Rawson's de4 tachment moved into Buenos Aries and seized police headquartersJ Th c troops divided into several columns near the Plaza FloresJ which is about four miles froii thc government house. Reports from La '. Plata saifl qiuiled Swiss dispatches as report ing thai all foreign newspaper rc- porlors, including even those from Axis countries, have been forbidden to enter Naples. It added that correspondents of neutral counties radio lion to the legislatures of the var House also requires vote of Compromise Between French Leaders June 4 (/I 1 ! Gen. In reply to another question, thc ^resident said Admiral William H. Standlcy, American ambassador to Moscow, had not submitted his resignation to cither the White House or Stale Department. Small seaplane tenders in the U. S. Navy usually lake their names from American bays, straits and inlets. The famous Bottomless pit in Ihe 3 State Soldiers Are Jap Prisoners Washington, June 4—Wi—Names of three Arkansas soldiers held as prisoners of war by thc Japanese at an unnamed camp were announced today by thc War Department. They were Pvt. Dclmor W. Erwin, son of Jim M. Erwin, Oil Trough route, Newport; Pvt. Elmer F. Polster. son of Mrs. Julie Polsler, route 1, Litlle Rock; and workers before a strike can be called and strengthens Ihc power of Ihc War Labor Board. A conference committee of the Senate and the House will have lo adjust changes unless thc Senate accepts without a fight thc House amendments to the original Connally bill. provl- which thc Senate passed May 5, with the addition of provisions drafted by Ihc House Military committee. It was amended on the floor to prohibit unions from contributing ot political campaigns of per- The bill retained major sions of the Connally bill Big Room of Carlsbad Caverns Na- Pvt. Jessie A. Wlison, son of Mrs. lional park in southeastern New Cynthia Man-rum, route 1, box 72, tional park in southeastern Merico is 700 feet deep. Caraway. sons or organizations when a federal elective office is involved. It accomplished this by extending provisions of the corrupt practices act to unions. Thc legal burea uof the Army is known as the Judge Advocate General'!. Department. , Charles de Gaulle and 'Gen. Henri Giraud were reported today to have reached a new compromise under which Giraud will remain commander in chief of the French Army, but in return will make a number of concessions to thc Fighting French leader. Sources who cannot be named said Giraud's concessions involved thc replacement of a number of high officers by generals from thc Fighting French forces such as Paul le Gentilhomme, Eduard Rene de Larminat, Marie Louis Kocnig and Jacques le Clerc. It is understood Giraud's coin- were allowed only in Rome and Milan.) American daylight bombers reported scoring numerous hits on Pantelleria's military targets and' causing large explosions. RAF Bostons joined American Mitchell and Marauder medium bombers and Lightning and Warhawk fighters in what was called the heaviest continuous bombing ever inflicted on an enemy stronghold in thc Mediterranean theater of war. Paniellcria, reported to have bcrn heavily fortified by Mussolini stands about midway between Tunisia and Sicily. Its single airfield is believed already to have been liquidated by thc sustained Allied air and sea assault. Leading one wave of Lightnings over the island yesterday, Lieut. Col. Ernest C. Young of Stillwater. Okla., skimmed within 10 feel of thc ground and narrowly missed hitting a well derrick, but placed his bombs squarely on his target His flying mates were right behind him with more explosives. Pantelleria's dynamite - drunk Harrison has had no respite from ious stales for their consideration." Republican National Com- millce Chairman Harrison E. Spangler said ils adoption would be "a great thing for the nation." Across the political fence, Senator George (D-Ga) said he would support the proposal with the understanding that it will not direclly affect President Roosevelt's tenure in office. "It is sound in principle and I have always felt that some such restriction should be written into thc constilulion," George said. The measure, inlroduced by Senator Bailey (D-NC) in a form requiring a two-thirds vote of bolh houses and ratification by three- froulhs of the stale legislalures, provides that no person shall be chosen or be elgible to hold the office of president if he has held that office during all or part of two prior terms. Its adoption, however, would not prevent a president from serving out the remainder of his term. troops there were preparing leave for Buenos Aires. Buenos Aires, June 4 —(V°i— Beyl olulionary troops and Presiden.1 Ramon S. Castillo's "forces of repl rcssion" clashed today at a school for naval mechanics near the borl dcr of Buenos Aires province anq early reports said many phots • exchange*}. Socialist Senator Alfredo Pal? cious said 8,000 meti under Gep Arturo Rawson wevo advancini upon Bu'jncs Aires from CampJ Ramirez, minister of war. (This dispatch, which passe through Argentine censorship not expand the definition of th movement, but the phrasing su gested the revolutionary forQel sought a return of practices 'or constitutional government restrict! ed by such measures as Castillo,^ long-standing "state of siege.") v (In Washington a state depa ment official said unconfirmed mand"will be purely a hcadquarl- air attacks since the conclusion of ers iob He will not extend his the Tunisian campaign nearly a activities to field command. month ago. With daylight raids The task of directing thc gcner- | now augmented by night bombing effort of those parts of j and the British navy adding to the . , i »_•__]' .. .I* 1-, fm i» V-n-VVl-\ V\M I*^ tTrtOIII C 111 al war the French Empire not under Axis control was taken up by the new •Committee of National tion." Libera- din with four bombardments in five days, the enemy on Pantelleria 'has absorbed a record amount of continuous punishment. Bailey said because of the length of time required for action by states legislatures "it • /ill not head off a fourth term, but it will head off a fifth term" for Mr. Roosevelt. Proponents conceded it will be impossible to obtain the necessary two-thirds vote in thc Senate unless the adminsitration unexpecl- oedly supports thc resolution. They are aiming for a majority there with the prospect that a substantial number of Democrats may join with most of the Republicans in supporting it. They claimed 55 tentative backers, six more than a majority of the Senate's 96 members. ports had been received that revolution was supported by Argentine army and air force^ (Argentine Ambassador Espil declined to comment on^j reports but expressed great int est in developments. He said had no official information.) The disturbances developed Argentina, the only American tion maintainnig relations with Axis, was in the throes of polit] cal campaigningin which Cast' lo's "policy of prudence" is a jor issue. Castillo named Gen. Rodo Marquez superior commander "the forces of repression" ea; today to combat the movemenj issuing the order from executy offices lighted and astir be;' dawn. Bradley Promoted to Lieutenant Washington, June 4 — (/P)— Maj General Omar Nelson Brad who commanded the America troops in the campaign in No; " ern Tunisia which brought the of Bizerte, was nominated President Roosevelt today to be lieutenant general. His perm rank is lieutenant colonel in, i infantry.
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