Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on September 29, 1949 · Page 8
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 8

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Mason City, Iowa
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Thursday, September 29, 1949
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Page 8
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EDITORIALS "One World" Viewpoint W/ns by Scant Margin B Y a close vote—43 to 38—the senate the pther day placed its approval on the principle of lowering world trade barriers.- The test came on what was referred to aa the "peril point" amendment to the reciprocal trade act. This proposal would have required the president to give an accounting to congress whenever he cut tariffs below a point set by the tariff commission as a minimum for the protection of American -industry. ' In the recent ,U. S.-British-Canadian talks in Washington, American representatives conceded the necessity of permitting the British to use some of their EGA dollars to buy Canadian wheat. HAT makes this significant, of course, is the fact that the United States always produces more wheat than it can consume or sell. The concession on wheat was made because the American spokesmen realized that trade which is to the immediate advantage of the United States is not necessarily desirable in the long run. This view, in tune with the American policy of promoting the economic recovery of the entire non-communist world, stresses long-range interests of this country and its customers. The "peril point" amendment, fortunately defeated, was a contradiction of the theory which led to the wheat concession. It represented a return to economic isolationism. I F the "peril point" amendment had carried, it would have been a move tpward closing the door to imports of any and all goods produced abroad in competition with American industry. Its ultimate result would have been to restrict imports to a handful of raw materials which are not produced in this country. Passage of this short-sighted amendment would have given the communists a chance to say that despite the billions being spent oli the Marshall plan, American interest in world economic recovery is a fake. I T must be assumed that the harmful potentialities of the "peril point" amendment were not apparent to all of the 38 senators who voted for it. Otherwise it would be necessary to conclude that roughly two-fifths of the senate remains unsold on the idea of international co-operation and doesn't care 'who knows it. As a practical matter, the amendment might not have. interfered too seriously with our foreign trade. It was as a signal of isolationist sentiment, for all the world to see, that the "peril point" plan was dangerous. A Voice for Our Women A women's organization in Mason City which is becoming increasingly effective in behalf of good government is the local chapter of the League of Women Voters of America. Embarking upon its fall and winter program, the league is setting up a number of worthy objectives designed to make for better citizenship and a more articulate voice for women in public affairs. Non-partisan and non-political, it has a large, active membership which has accomplished much in bringing about a better understanding of governmental affairs ,and interpretation of legislation. It has made a big contribution toward encouragement of voters intelligently to exercise their right of franchise at the polls on election day. The league's appeal is to all women citizens, regardless of party affiliation or leaning, who have an interest in bringing about beter domestic government and better world statesmanship. All women possessed of this ideal should add their bit to the cause through membership and active participation in the program of the local league. Look Out Below! CHANGING WORLD Probably it's the tide that causes channel swimmers to head toward England from France although for a time it might have been fear of traffic congestion. The American constitution, with its bill of rights, remains the one greatest bulwark of personal liberty in a world more slave than free. "Brother, can you spare a quarter?" has become the interrogation of beggars who used to be willing to settle for a dime. A colleague sees one advantage in being dumb. You never need to have any qualms about going against your better judgment. IT'S BEEN SAID: To keep your secret is wisdom; but to expect others to keep it is folly. — O. W. Holmes. Many politicians who boast of their intention to "name -names" end up by merely calling them. It's amazing how much more beautiful a leaf looks on a tree than on a lawn. Memo to Motorists: Little things — neglected— often cause big accidents. Pros and Cons Some Interesting Viewpoints Gleaned From Our Exchanges The Dam Builders Estherville News: Wonder when the serious work of soil conservation in the upper reaches of the Missouri valley will be undertaken, as they should today? Possibly when the multi-million- dollar dams constructed in the name of flood control and power supply are silted up and we have' the same devastating floods, spreading over additional millions of acres. The way to deal with floods is to prevent them, not back the water over productive acres of land. • Consumer Prospects Sheffield Press: Consumer income, during the first half of this year, was well ahead of last. And so was consumer spending. In the first half, retail sales were two per cent under the same period last year — but, Business Week says, this was "only because of price drops. Far from being frightened into retrenchment, consumers actually spent a larger portion of their incomes than in the last half of 1948." Strikes Northwood Anchor: Coal . . . railroads . . . steel . . . autos. The way labor is striking and threatening strikes now, it shouldn't be long until there's hardly anybody left at work. Maybe we'd all better take a nice long vacation. If milkmen, grocery keepers, laundrymen, gas stations, hospitals, school teachers, etc., all went on strike it • might pound, some sense into "labor's" hard head. Independent Press Fairmont Sentinel: The trend toward centralization of government goes on apace. Before it> can be accomplished, it will be necessary here as it was in Europe, to muzzle the press, to impose censorship; to throttle the voice of the people. That will be hard to do, so long as there is a free and independent country press. Good News Knoxville Express: Secretary of agriculture has told congress that government price supports for Irish potatoes will end unless farmers agree to control marketing .and production. Glory be, this is the first good news of its kind heard by the weary tax payer and consumer for a long time. Back on Sane Path Soon Marshalltown Times-Republican: We are sorry the British people have to go through the troubles which experiments in socialism have brought down upon them but believe they will get their eyes open to their mistakes some day and get back on ' a sane path. Observing Is History Repeating? , shouldn't be surprised if .you find a ring of familiarity in this little excerpt from Gibbon's "Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire," explaining why the great ancient Rome lost its greatness: "FIRST—the rapid increase of divorce (sound familiar?); the undermining of the dignity and sanctity of the home, which is the basis of human society. "SECOND—higher and higher taxes (sound familiar?) and the spending of public money for bread and circuses. "THIRD—the mad craze for pleasure (sound familiar?). "FOURTH—the building of gigantic armaments when the real enemy was within, in the decadence of the people (sound familiar?). "FIFTH—the decay of religion (sound familiar?), faith fading into a mere form, losing touch with life and becoming impotent to guide it." Old Whistle Preferred k am intrigued by that re. :ent news story about the locomotive builder who is trying to develop a diesel engine with a whistle that will simulate the familiar mournful wail of the oldtime steam train. His idea is to give better warning to motorists who don't seem to pay enough attention to the present diesel horns as they approach rail crossings. Well, maybe that's it, But I suspect that this particular research just reflects America's reluctance to yield its romantic railroad past. Engineers working on the new diesel whistle are probably of the same breed as the GI's who in wartime used to go down to the London docks just to hear one good toot from engines being unloaded from home. try is virtually assured of registering this year a new all-time high in production. One must go back 20 years to find the previous peak figure—the 5,358,420 vehicles produced in 1929. Americans not only are buying more cars and trucks and buses, they're also using them at the highest rate in history. It's estimated that motor travel this year will reach some 425 : billion vehicle miles— 25 billion more than last yefcr and 92 billion above 1941. Interestingly enough, it was just 40 years ago—in 1909—that the horse and mule population in America reached its all- time high of 26,000,000. Editorial of the Day WHEN FORESTS BURN A LBERT LEA TRIBUNE: One match," one smouldering cigaret butt, one spark from a camp^ fire, can be the cause of the destruction of thousands of acres of timber that it took Nature centuries to create. And when the iorests burn, the crudest of deaths comes to the wildlife that live in their shelter. This year, the country has witnessed a number of very serious forest fires.-The hazard does not end with the summer months. There has been unusually dry weather in various sections of the country. Trees and woodlands will be ripe for destruction by fire for some time to come. There seems to be a rather widespread idea that most forest fires are started by natural causes beyond the ability of man to prevent or control. That is not true. As the New York Times has said, "Some fires, of course, are set by lightning, but authorities are agreed that nine out of ten are due entirely to human carelessness with matches, cigarets or camp fires. Annually they cause direct losses running into millions of dollars and equally serious indirect losses in the destruction of our dwindling forest reserves. . . ." The human factor, in fact, is responsible for almost all fires, whether they take place in a forest, in a home, or in a factory. Carelessness, ignor- •ance, indifference to rudimentary precautions— these are fire's friends. When we replace them with care and watchfulness, fire will be beaten. Do You Remember? 10 YEARS AGO Berlin, (JP)— The German high command announced last night that "Warsaw had capitulated unconditionally" and added that the "handing over the city probably will occur Sept. 29." The German announcement came at the end of the 20th day of Warsaw's siege. It had been a siege to go" down in the pages of military heroism side by side with the great battles of the past. 20'YEARS AGO One hundred fifty members and friends of the congregation of the First Presbyterian church were entertained at a housewarming given in the manse last evening. The program was opened by the Rusty Hinge quartet, and G. K. Kinney's impersonation of a woman won especial plaudits. A playlet, "Brass Tacks," concluded the entertainment. Characters included Norval Eels, Jean Olinger, Mrs. Harlan McMillan, the Rev. George K. Davies, and Ralph Fischbeck. 30 YEARS AGO First Sergeant Harold K. DeGraff has returned to Mason City after a year spent with occupational forces in Germany. He is the son of Mr. and Mrs. F. L. DeGraff, 329 First street northeast. Cecil Brewton, former Mason City high school football and track star, departs for Iowa City tonight where he will enter the university. Brewton won more than a score of medals during his high school athletic career. 40 YEARS AGO A. A. Smith of Clear Lake will be the successor to W. A. Willing in this city as district agent for the Equitable Insurance company. Mr. Smith shows himself the possessor of good goat lymph and a winning smile that displays a good set of enameled incisors. He has been in the insurance business long enough to be a long lead out of the amateur class and has made good. To Your Health! By Herman N. Bundesen, M. D. TREATING HICCUPS TjICCUPING is one of the very few natural ac*"*• tions of the body whi&i seems entirely without purpose. It is neither a safety valve nor an adjustment process. Indeed, so far as benefiting the body is concerned, it has no value. It is simply a nuisance and nothing more. On the other hand, it seldom does any hai-m except in rare, long-continued cases where it keeps up so long as to cause exhaustion. Hiccuping is the result of a sudden, hard contraction of the muscle between the chest and the abdomen, known as the diaphragm. Pressure of . this con- DR. BUNDESEN traction closes the passageway to the lungs. The "hie" sound is due to the abrupt cutting off of the indrawn breath as the vocal cords come together. Hiccuping may be initiated by nerve impulses brought to the diaphragm from the stomach, bowel, liver, lungs, the larynx or voicebox, or may result from inflammation or pressure from a tumor growth. It may come from direct irritation of the diaphragm or of the phrenic nerve which supplies the diaphragm. Hiccup sometimes develops in diseases affecting the brain, such as encephalitis or meningitis. As is well known, over-indulgence in alcoholic beverages may bring on an attack of hiccuping. It may be psychological in its origin, in which case it stops during sleep and sometimes while eating. Hundreds of different types of treatment have been suggested for hiccup. A sudden slap on the back, pulling on the tongue, tickling the nose, and inhaling smelling salts all have served to stop hiccuping attacks. Holding the breath and deep breathing may be effective. Washing out the stomach or inducing vomiting may, on occasion, give b.enefit. Various sedative or quieting drugs have been used. Drugs which relieve spasm have also been found helpful. Recently, a number of rases of con'iiaued hiccup have been treated with a drug known as quinidine. In nine patients, in whom other methods have failed, quinidine stopped the attacks in. six and was partially successful in two. In some cases of continued hiccup, cutting or crushing of the phrenic nerve has been employed. Fortunately, in most cases of hiccup, the simple measures are sufficient to bring relief. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS B. A.: Would you please tell me what causes lumps in the armpit? At times, they are very painful. Answer: The swelling in the armpit may be due to boils, to infection in the sebaceous or sweat glands of the skin of the armpit, or to enlargement of the lymph glands. They'll Do It Every Time Roving Reporter By Hal Boyle CRIME UNDER A TROPIC_MOON N EW YORK, (AP)—Men of many nations make up the force among ^the pineapples of the paradise of the Pacific. And that doesn't seem at all unusual to the top cop of Honolulu—big Dan Liu, r ,< 40, a 6-foot-l inch Chinese. "We have at least a dozen nationalities on our police force," he laughed. "And don't think we're without Irish cops." Liu is proud of the fact 3 he himself worked up '^through every rank to be' COTne the first Chinese chief HAL BOYLE 5 of police of an American city. His force reflects the polyglot population of the island melting pot. "One-third are Hawaiians—they really love to be policemen," said Dan. The other two-thirds are Caucasians, Japanese, Chinese, Samoans and Filipinos. Liu came to the mainland to attend an international cop caucus, at which he reported on Honolulu's measures to avoid "another Pearl Harbor." "We were the first police force to organize for atomic defense," he said. "If an atom bomb falls on our city we'll be ready to discharge our responsibility to the community." Then he smiled as he added: "Of course, if our police are within a 2-mile range of the explosion—well, they'll be out," Liu sets his police officers a good example by his own off-duty 'civic work. He • is a leader in the local council of churches, the'YMCA and Boy Scout activities. The racial harmony that prevails in the Hawaiian isles is the envy of other areas where dip- ferences in color, politics or religion cause violence. "Our crime rate is lower than many other cities of the same population group," said Dan, who be• lieves this is true' largely because of the islands' no-discrimination policy. He is married to a girl from Mississippi. Dan said a policeman's lot under a tropic moon isn't particularly glamorous, as people everywhere commit crimes much in the same manner. "Mostly burglaries and traffic violations," he remarked. "Not much imagination." By Jimmy Hallo Issuing a Challenge wouldn't have any objection to becoming a socialist—or even a communist—if somebody would show me just one thing. I want to see just one country where the economic ideas advanced by the Marxists have resulted in a higher standard of living or produced a greater degree of equality of opportunity than we enjoy under our system of free enterprise. Can any reader do this for me? Pocohontas a Nickname was interested to learn that the real name of the [ndian maiden, Pocahontas,. was Matoaka. Pocahontas, it seems, meant "playful" in the Indian language and was applied to both males and females. For Safer Hunting have these suggestions to \ pass along to hunters on the eve of their season of greatest activity: 1. Treat every run with the respect du» a loaded run. This U the cardinal rule of jun safety. 2. Carry only empty iun«, taken down, or with the action open, Into automobiles, huiitinc camps or homei. 3. Always be sure that the barrel and action are clear of obstructions. 4. Always carry a jun so that the direction of the muzzle can be controlled, even in the event of stumbling. 5. Be sure of the target bef*re th* iilSftr Is pulled. 0. Never point a run at anything you do not want to shoot. 7. Never leave your cun unattended unless you unload It first. 8. Never climb a tree or a fence with a loaded jun. 8. Never shoot at a flat, hard surface or the surface of water. 10. Do not mix junpowdcr and alcohol. African Quintuplets see that the Dionne quin- ituplets of Canada and the Diligenti quints of Argentina have competition from an unexpected source. Medical au- * thorities at Dares Salaam report a quintuple birth of sons to a woman living in an isolated village in Qanganyika. Mother and babies were reported doing well. If Texas Were Filled Up k h a v e a mathematician •, friend to tnank for the information that if all the people in the world were'crowded into the great state of Texas, each person would have 42 square feet to call his own. Information, Please! 1. In. what South American country recently occurred an earthquake which took thousands of lives? 2. In aviation, what is an "airway?" 3. Who is Frank Lloyd Wright? 4. In what year was the bank "holiday?" 5. What is meant by the "ante-bellum" days in the United States? Answers—1. Ecuador. 2. A route from airport to airport. 3. A famous modern American architect. 1. 1933. 5. Before the Civil war. THE DAY'S BOUQUET To MRS. LUCY SMITH—for being elected treasurer of the northeast chapter, Iowa Welfare association. As home service director of the Cerro Gordo county chapter of the Red Cross, Mrs. Smith has demonstrated fine ability and understanding. Her election to this new office is a recognition of her ability among members of her profession in other parts of the state. Do You Know? Today's Birthday NA, GET THEM OUT OF HERE! HUR UP! HEF?e COMES LOCUST NOW! Big Year tor Cars T~>ARRING serious strikes, the auto indus- playlet,""Brass Tacks," concluded the entertain- K ... , ... ment. Characters included Norval Eels, Jean Olin- COMEON'.' W^ OH, SURE!.' L ' EVER^BOpy DUCK. iti~M.frIB lyitvuekit \ HERE COMES THE INTO THE KITCHEN! \ p^^ OF WALES WITH HIS TWO ' BITS'WORTH OF .„.*! WE'LL PLAV DEAW v/MAVBE HE'LL PROPOSE TD- NK3HT AND THEN HE CAM \Y HERE FOR GOOD ALL OF your VAMOOSE' PEANUT BRITTLE" (S\S HOLLERS LIKE ' /A TRAFFIC COP NO& BUT WAIT'LL^OJ HEAR TWE VOICE ; PUTS ON DRHIAV FATHAW IS AT HIS CLUB AND MCTTHAW s IN THE SEWINIS ROOM»^ THAN* TO DAVE STEWART, WABASH OXLESE, CgAN\)FORPSVILLC,lND(ANA LOCUST'S SISTER TOLD HE MAKES $1750,4 WEEK IT LOOKS UKE WE'LL BE IN THE KITCHEN A LONG TIME [COP*. 1«», KIHO FEATURES OVNDtCATr, l»«, WO»Ifl RIOTmi RRilEIIVKD> The Haskin Service EDITOR'S NOTE: Readers using thli service for question of fact—not counsel—should sign full name and address and enclose 3 cents for return postage. Address The Mason City Globe-Gazette, Information Bureau. 31 fl Eye Street N. E., Washington 2, D. C. Was there ever a player on a major league team who was deaf? At least 2 players and probably more have played in the major leagues while deaf. The most famous was "Dummy" Taylor, old time National league pitcher. The other was Richard Sipek, who played in the outfield for the Cincinnati Reds in 1945 and is now playing for Reidsville, N. Car., in the Class B Carolina league. Can you tell me the reason for the break in the straight east-west line forming the south boundary of Massachusetts at Southwick? The U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey says that the reason for the peculiar deviation from a straight boundary known as the "Southwick Jog" is that when adjusting errors in the boundary line between Connecticut and Massachusetts, as previously run by compass, a long narrow strip of land was given to Connecticut, and the "Southwick Jog" ceded to Massachusetts was intended to be an equivalent area. Flease name some of the exports from this country before the Revolutionary war. Exports from this country to Europe and the West Indies in 1768 included rice, tobacco, whale oil, soap, candles, potash, pearl ash, flour, salt beef and pork, rum, pig and bar iron, manufactured lumber products, brick, butter, cheese, lard, pickled oysters and naval stores. Are contortionists double- jointed? Contortionists are net double-jointed. Apparently they have looser ligaments than most people, permitting freer movement of their joints. How were Presidents Zachary Taylor and James Madison related? Zachary Taylor was a 2nd cousin of James Madison. Both were great-grandsons of James Taylor and Martin Thompson. When was machinery invented for the manufacture of paper? The paper machine was invented about 1800 by Louis Robert and was improved later in England by the Fourdrinier brothers. Why !s the fleur-de-lis placed at the north point of a compass card? Sylvanus Thompson suggested that the fleur-de-lis was an outgrowth of a spear-head combined with a "T," representing Tramontano, the Italian name for the north wind in the scheme according to which compass cards once bore the names of the 8 principal winds. Why is "salt-rising" bread so- called? The origin of the name is a mystery but although only a small amount of salt is used in this bread, it is the presence of this salt that prevents undesirable fermentation. When does the brain atop growing;? The si7.c of the brain at birth is about half that attained by the 6th year. The brain mass then W.K. HARRISON WALLACE KERKMAN HARRISON, born Sept. 28, 1895, in •; Worcester, Mass., son of a foundry < sup erintendent. Director of plan\ n i n g for the | United Nations, Harrison w a s one of the architects of Rockefeller center and of the trylon and perisphere of New York's world's fair. At 14 he quit school and became an office boy in an architect's office. Later with McKim, Mead, and White, he continued his education at night school. After serving with the navy, in World war I, he enrolled in the -Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris. By 1926 he was teaching architecture at Columbia university and the next year began a series of partnerships with noted architects. remains practically the same throughput life. Full growth may be attained as early as the 4th year. Who was "Freedom's Forgotten Friend?" "Freedom's Forgotten Friend" was Pierre Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais (1732-99), a French playwright and. man of affairs. He financed purchase of supplies for American colonies during the Revolution and our ambassador to France spoke of him thus: "To the United States Beaumarchais rendered incalculable services. From no quarter did we receive succor more seasonably, and but for his initiation we could have received none from other quarters." Mason City Globe-Gazette An A. W. LEE NEWSPAPER Issued Every Week Day by the GLOBE-GAZETTE PUBLISHING COMPANY 121-123 East State St. Telephone 3800 Entered as second class matter, April 12, 1930, at the postofflce at Mason City. Iowa, under the act of March 3, 1879. LEE P. LOOMIS Publisher W. EARL HALL, Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOREM - - City Editor LLOYD L, GEER Adv. Mgr. Wednesday, Sept. 28, 1949 MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS which is exclusively entitled to use for rcpub- Hcatlon of all local news printed In this newspaper at well as all AP news dispatches. SUBSCRIPTION RATES In Mason City and Clear Lake (Carrier Delivery Limits) One year $13.00 One week 25 Outside Mason City and Clear Lake but Within 100 Miles of Mnson City By mail 1 year $ n.OO By mall 6 months 4.75 By carrier per week 23 Outside 100 Mile Zone by Mall Only One yenr »12.0t Six months fi.sn Three months 3,50

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