The Ottawa Herald from Ottawa, Kansas on November 2, 1961 · Page 15
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The Ottawa Herald from Ottawa, Kansas · Page 15

Ottawa, Kansas
Issue Date:
Thursday, November 2, 1961
Page 15
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Definite But Small Hazard Seen In Radioactive Fallout EDITOR'S NOTE - What effect might today's fallout from Soviet bomb testing have on children yet unborn? Scientists aren't agreed on the extent of the danger, though most geneticists consider some harm likely. This is the second of three articles on fallout. By ALTON BLAKESLEE Associated Press Science Writer NEW YORK (AP)-The greatest toll from the Soviet Union's monster 50-rnegaton H-bomb may be among tomorrow's children. Its radioactive fallout might doom hundreds of future generations—to early death or physical or mental defects from hereditary damage. Almost all geneticists assume that any increase in radiation could cause genetic damage to some people. Most think the effect from present fallout—and that added now by the Soviets—will be a very slight fraction of one per cent increase over the number of children presently born with genetic defects. The increase could be so slight as not to be detectable. But with 100 million children born in this world each year, even a slight increase in the rate of 'xktfective births could mean sizable numbers of damaged or stillborn humans in 50 to 100 years or more. Dr. Linus Pauling, famous California Institute of Technology chemist and a crusader against bomb testing, docs estimate a number: From a 50-megaton bomb alone, 40,000 infants born with physical or mental defects in the next few generations throughout the world, he says. And 400,000 more genetically injured during the next 6,000 years through radioactive carbon- 14 created by such a bomb. Other scientists disagree with his estimate, particularly that dealing with carbon-14. The difficulty in any estimate is that some crucial facts are not known about human genes, produced in the sex glands, which determine the inherited characteristics that babies will have. It is known that radiation can alter or mutate genes, and that most mutations are harmful. It is not known if genes can resist tiny amounts of radiation, such as represented by fallout atoms which enter sex glands or genes. AiJ the evidence from experi- ments with animals, fruit flies, and single cells indicate there is no threshold or tolerable level. Thus, geneticists assume any increase in radiation is potentially harmful. One encouraging note, from mouse experiments, is that chronic exposure to a low dose of radiation (10 roentgens a day) given over a number of days produces fewer mutations than an equal total dose given all at once. Exposure of sex glands to fallout atoms can be chronic or long- lasting, and at an almost infini- tesimaly small dose. Many experts assume that natural background radiation has always been causing some of the genetic mutations to which the human race is subject. Heat and chemicals are more powerful causes of genetic changes. A National Academy of Sciences committee has estimated two billion children will be born in the world during the next 30 years, and that some four million of them would possess tangible genetic effects from natural or spon- i taneous causes. Different authorities estimate 2 to 10 per cent of such genetic defects might be due to natural background radiation. So, even a slight increase in radioactivity produced by bomb tests could increase this rate of genetic mutations. The experts all agree the increase would not be enough to cause any worry about the future of the human race by any means. Various estimates can be made, as Dr. Pauling does, of the absolute numbers of persons who might be affected by the additional radiation from fallout. All such guesses start from the unknown guesses start from the unknown as to what natural radiation actually is doing. Dr. Pauling sees a sizable total number of future infants affected —out of many many billions who would be born in the next 6,000 ' years—from carbon-14 created by H-bombs. The H-bomb reaction releases neutrons which can change nitrogen atoms in the air into carbon- 14. Cosmic rays from space do the same thing, and create the natural carbon-14 which enters all livng things on earth. Dr. Pauling estimates a 50-megaton H-bomb would create enough carbon-14 to cause 40,000 deaths or defects from genetic changes in the next 6,000 years. Reason: carbon-14 can become part of the chemical material of genes, and damage genes by the rays it emits, or because it then changes back to nitrogen. Other scientists hold Dr. Pauling has far over-estimated the amount of carbon-14 from bombs which would be available to affect humans. modern medicine and humanitarian treatment, we are keeping alive people ill or weak because of defective genes, and the fact they can have children may result in passing along more defective genes than would ever result from fallout radiation. . ,A consensus of the experts: bomb testing represents a definite but small hazard to human posterity. And some say that through Next: Fallout's bad actors. "You ought to teach him to pick up after himself. You have enough to do picking up after me!" Squash Cookery Butternut squash is available all year round so take advantage of this good vegetable. Pare the squash, halve it and remove seeds and stringy portion in the bulbous end. Dice and cook in a small amount of salted water just until tender. Season with butter and a suspicion of nutmeg or mace. Good Together Diced celery and brussel sprouts make a good taste and texture combination. They may be cooked together. Have the ... OTTAWA HERALD SENT TO YOU! LIFETIME Regular Price Box Springs . . $79.50 Mattress . . . . 79.50 Total Price . . $159.00 SALE PRICE! BOX SPRINGS $79.50 MATTRESS with box springs ^612 Coil Mafiono/fy Advertised in LIFE MATTRESS- if 8 ounce Sateen Cover •A- 612 Orthopedic Coil if Pre-built Border with Cord Handles •it Heavily Insulated and Padded to Orthopedic Specifications Th« lifetime Orthopedic Unit it a 612 »o« Spring. Th« entire Unit tarritt the •no n •otionalhr adverted in "Life. BOX SPRINGS- •^ 70 Temper Spring Steel Coils if Mounted on Hard Wood Frame with 6 Sturdy Legs if Box Spring and Mattress Carry the "Good Housekeeping Seal of Approval" Coil Orthopedic Mattress with a matching "Good Housekeeping Seol of Approval," Guaranteed Unconditionally for 10 yeon. Wo Money Down ... Wo Payments until Next Year The Small Store with the Big Deal WHIT ii FURNITURE & APPLIANCE 330 So. Main Ottawa, Kansas CH 2-4637 K DEAR, PO You HAVE A COLD? THE OTTAWA HERALD 1C Thursday, Nov. 2. 19R1 l3 WELL, YOUR VOICE SOUNDS FUNNY fyr YOU STOLE \ ARE YOU THE B/G BROTH- TKOSE OLD I ED HE TOLD ME WAS GONNA DUELINS /TAKE "EM AWAY FROM ME? PISTOLS " FROM MY AS THEY SAY AT THE METROPOLITAN! OPERA CAEEOT KANE POE5 SEVEfWU ENCOKE5 FOE THe OPENING I',?}{*! NIGHT CROWP -WEN THE LIGHTS COME UP... NO CHECK, ^SOKRV-I MUS COL.CANVON! HAVE A BILL -you ARE Ml£5 AND A RECEIPT J L KANE'S GUEST.' -I PONT 1 WANT TO BE EXPLAININO THIS TO A CONGRESSIONAL COM- ,m WHILE PACKSTA6E... JUST ANOTHER OPENING, MAX —EXCEPT fOR. THESE NICE FLOWERS FROM THAT COL. CANYON .' — WAS HE AH-OUT FRONT TDNIfiHT ? STOP! LET TISH GO! fMKEs A £<r ROCKET TAK^n^-^-ft-f <?,^,(&$C% ^* l«l hi- Ni'.,V:idKi!. fv>. iMi ND JUNIOR CONTINUES TO SKETCH FOR "EYEBALL" MAGAZINE. BOY, THIS OLD RUIN MAY BE SORRY TO LOOK AT BUT THE GROUND ITS ON PLENTY VALUABLE. / IT ADJOINS THAT SNOOTY i TRI-COUNTY GOLF CLUB. ' YES, SIR? THIS IS J -- - ; S ER ENDS UP OWNING "THIS LAND WILL OWN A GOLD MINE,* SAYS JUNIOR. I-" Sv ^rtlSS SWIVEL .-IS ON THE 1 PHONE .AGAIN, MOON. NO KIPDIN'? lEU HER I'LL BE R1QHT "'*• / YSHE'S A REAL) V^SMARTKIP! / .'^szxiife^v: rHEUO* ' WHADID SHE DO-> HANG UP ON ME? •-.HELLO I?! WELL, THAT'S JUST LIKE SOME STOOPIO DAME- o OH! ^ REACHIN' POR A / CIGARETTE? HA-HA! DIDJA HEAR ME TELLIN' OFFTH' OLD LADY THAT RUNS THIS PLACE ?_ \tt v , -* Quieh , Biit really, Clovia! X Rutnie. Here com?s (You're not going to [ Hi notu. use the old '--'•• book gaq-^ Relax.Clovia"." I'll get'em.') /^UJhy don't you mindXGee uuhizz! UJhaO " "—\(—^—^ I ^ our OUJ ? .b'^iness,/did I do? 1 was ! r'^ \ lw.~H ,''T\ <^lim skinnPi"' /nnlu truinn tn t-ipln* Slim rx ^ only trying to help? A?^ ^ \: /•^V>Oi <& YOU'D BETTEi? G£T DOWN TO THE CAFETERIA/ BEAZLY HA5 GONE FRENCH.' IS SHE WEARING THAT BEATNIK BERET IN SCHOOL" NO, SHE'S SERVING CHEESE SOUFFll.' YOU'RE THE LAST ONE.' JUST DISH UP WHAT'S LEFT.' I'LL CLEAN IT UP/ r**-S!—- ,, *3>^ ^

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