The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on June 1, 1998 · Page 5
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 5

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Monday, June 1, 1998
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THE SALINA JOURNAL WORLD MONDAY, JUNE 1, 1998 AS The Associated Press Demonstrators hold banners Sunday in Hong Kong's Victoria Park to honor those killed in the bloody crackdown of the pro- democracy demonstration in Tiananmen Square nine years ago. The protest was the first major demonstration in Hong Kong since China took control last year of the former British colony. Silent Memories Anniversary of Tiananmen Square massacre passing quietly By JOSEPH ALBRIGHT and MARCIA KUNSTEL Cox News Service BEIJING — A muted remark by a rickshaw driver may turn out to be the most ringing commemoration anyone dares to utter here this week about the bloody, confusing events nine years ago known as the Tiananmen Square massacre. "In my personal opinion, our government may have gone a bit too far in controlling the students," said Zhao Zhenqi as he peddled his three-wheeler through the cavernous square where the treads of Chinese tanks crunched through the tents of some 5,000 pro-democracy students on the searing night of June 3-4,1989. Zhao is no dissident. And the few dissidents who do still live in Beijing have no known plans to stage a public memorial ,this week for the roughly 500 to 1,000 pro- democracy protesters gunned down or crushed to death by tanks, mostly on the access routes leading to Tiananmen Square. Nor is the People's Liberation Army (PLA) likely to commemorate the soldiers probably numbering in the dozens who were beaten to death that night by enraged Beijing civilians, or suffocated in their burning tanks by Molotov cocktails. With President Clinton expected to stand in Tiananmen Square in three weeks to receive China's ritual greeting, Chinese officials seem to be intent on guaranteeing the massacre's ninth anniversary will pass without notice. Security agents have reportedly placed dozens of former protesters and their families under intense surveillance. It was only in China's semi-autonomous region Hong Kong that critics felt safe enough to speak out about the Tiananmen anniversary. They started with a march Sunday, and will have a vigil Thursday. "I hope when Clinton stands there and walks in front of the army, he can hear the shooting and the people crying and see a picture of the blood in his mind." Han Dongfang survivor of the Tiananmen Square massacre Much of their criticism targeted Clinton's decision to participate in an official welcoming ceremony in Tiananmen Square. Clinton will be the first U.S. president to visit China since the massacre, which caused the administration of President Bush to impose sanctions on military and other transactions that continue today. Bush traveled to China in February 1989, several months before the Tiananmen Square incident. But sensitivity about the still vivid images and the brutal use of force against the demonstrators has created an awkward situation for the White House. Some voiced fears Clinton's visit will amount to a Western declaration of absolution for China, even though the ruling communist government continues to hold hundreds of Tiananmen demonstrators in prisons for "counter-revolutionary crimes." "I hope when Clinton stands there and walks in front of the army, he can hear the shooting and the people crying and see a picture of the blood in his mind," 35-year- old Tiananmen Square survivor and labor activist Han Dongfang told Cox News Service here in Hong Kong recently. Several thousand other Hong Kong pro- testers marched Sunday in a noisy, but peaceful protestx. Chinese police made no effort to block the protest, which was the first major street demonstration in Hong Kong since the former British colony reverted to Chinese rule last summer. The protestors were trying to train the world's outrage on one of the more influential, yet perplexing historical events of the 20th century. Even nine years after the massacre, historians are uncertain about exactly what happened that night. . Clearly, events started to build toward crisis on April 17, 1989, when a few thousand students from Beijing University rallied in Tiananmen Square to mourn the liberal communist leader Hu Yaobang, who had died of a heart attack. Emboldened when authorities didn't interfere, the students began to decry corruption and nepotism in the Communist Party. This escalated the next day into a student sit-in near the Great Hall of the People. By mid-May, the crowds grew to 1 million, and the government declared martial law to reclaim control of the square. Most students left. But a dedicated core of about 10,000 students encamped in tents. Soon they began to attract mass support from ordinary Beijingers, who took to the streets in the hundreds of thousands and set up barricades to try and stop military convoys heading for the square. After weeks of hesitation, troops loyal to communist leader Deng Xiaoping began converging on the square around 10 p.m. June 3. At first, unarmed civilians blocked their passage. Then troops opened fire and killed scores or hundreds as they punched their way eastward along the Avenue of Eternal Peace toward Tiananmen. At 1:30 a.m. June 4, Chinese troops, tanks and armored personnel carriers reached the world's largest public square. T PAKISTAN Official: Weapons can be produced in matter of days War of words, nuclear arms heats up between India and Pakistan By ZAHID HUSSEIN The Associated Press ISLAMABAD, Pakistan — Pakistan is capable of producing nuclear weapons within days, the architect of its nuclear program said Sunday, following two days of test blasts that raised fears of another war between India and Pakistan. As the two countries touted their respective nuclear programs and belittled that of their rival, Pakistan's foreign minister accused India on Sunday of preparing a new site for further nuclear tests in early July. There was no immediate response from India but officials have said previously they have no plans for further nuclear blasts. Pakistan has said only its current round of testing — which it claimed included the detonation of five devices Thursday and one on Saturday — is now complete. Pakistan's tests came in response to India's detonation of five nuclear devices more than two weeks ago. With both nations having declared themselves nuclear states in recent weeks, attention has turned to the question of how easily each could produce nuclear weapons, and what types of weapons. Abdul Qadeer Khan, who has achieved hero status in Pakistan as the father of the country's budding nuclear program, boasted Sunday that Pakistan's nuclear and missile technology had surpassed that of its hostile neighbor. "It won't need months or weeks, we can deploy nuclear weapons in a matter of days," Khan said in an interview with The Associated Press. "I will say our devices are more consistent, more compact, more advanced and more reliable than what the Indians have," he added. "In efficiency, in reliability ... and the very fact that we have used a very high technologically enriched uranium." India disputed the claim, saying that, in fact, the opposite is true. According to U.S. intelligence, Pakistan is ahead of India in its ability to place weapons atop missiles. Pakistan could mount nuclear devices atop the Ghouri missile, which has a range of about 900 miles and could reach New Delhi, or the Chinese-designed M-ll missile, which has a range of about 250 miles, according to U.S. intelligence. U.S. officials, speaking on condition of anonymity, have said if India wanted to fire nuclear weapons in the near future, it would have to use aircraft as a delivery system. Prior to its first set of tests, Pakistan had deployed its Ghauri missile around the testing site in the Chagai hills of southwestern Baluchistan province, fearing that India would attack its nuclear installations. But Khan, the nuclear program chief, said when Saturday's test was over, the missiles were pulled back and returned to storage. 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