Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on June 3, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Thursday, June 3, 1943
Page 1
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The Byline of Dependability /OLUME 44— NUMBER 197 ,. Star THE WEATHER Arkansas: Continued Warm this afternoon and tonight, except not quite so warm in northwest portion tonight. Fresh winds this afternoon, locally strong over west portion, diminishing tonight. v." Star of Hope, 1699; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARkANSAS, THURSDAY, JUNE 3, 1943 (AP)—Weans Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass n PRICE 5c COPY,-f FDR Calls for Conference Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN Byrd Opposes Food Subsidy Inflation Begins With Wages I have hare the complete text of a statement issued last Sunday by Senator Harry F. Byrd, Virginia, Democrat, on the subject of food subsidy payments, which the government is proposing, and which the South and West are resisting. ; O Snys Senator Byrd in part: Chinese Nearer Ichang; 30,000 Jap Casualties —Warm Pacific This Is My Work Nazis Concede Allied Landing Not Impossible —Europe By The Associated Press German army experts, tailing a long and careful look at the "chances" ol Anglo-American invasion of Europe," acknowledged today such landings might be carried out successfully, but only at heavy cost to the invaders. A Berlin broadcast discussion of two invasion raticlcs in the German army organ Die Ehrmachl, recorded by the Associated Press, declared transport difficulties were the greatest Allied invasion problem, but added: "An Anglo-American expeditionary force might perhaps succecc in crossing the Mediterranean anc landing somewhere in Southern Europe, but it would not have the slightest chance in battle agains the Axis continental armies with their millions of well-trained anc well-equipped troops." The Nazis also admitted invad era "might perhaps . succeed ii obtaining ii foothold-at some.points "oil the Norwegiah''1?6asC for 'some' time" but declared event preparations made for prompt and counlcrmeasurcs." "for such an have been effective "It cannot be denied'of course," the broadcast said, "that the Anglo-American occupation of Tunisia created a new situation in the Mediterranean. ' "It would be foolish to ignore the fact that the Anglo-Americans now are in a positoin to use the bases in Tunisia for offensive operations against Europe. "Anglo-American troop and war II, material concentrations in the Southern Mediterranean can be prevented by the Axis forces only to a certain event." The broadcast suggested Allied forces striking northward across the Mediterranean would face transport difficulties similar to those that made "the Axis occupation of Tunisia an extremely risky action." ignoring the obvious advantage that strong British fleet units and growing air strength would give the Allied attackers. Along the Norwegian coast, Berlin said, German air reconnaissance is maintaining a constant patrol and any "invasion fleet would be attacked a long time be- The effort to control the cost of food to the consumer by subsidies may cost the Treasury the 5 billion dollars annually, as estimated by Mr. Henderson, or it may cost even more. 11 will be ineffective, unless linked with a strong anti-inflationary policy in the control of wages. With such a policy these subsidies arc not necessary. . . . "Why is it that the administration is now insisting upon the payment of subsidies in order to control food prices? It is because the administration has not had the courage to come to grips with the fundamental problem of inflation. It has not been willing to adopt the Baruch formula which has been and is today the best method of combatting and. controlling inflation. From the beginning it has not had the courage to control wages which are the very basis of any inflationary movement. If wages arc controlled then the price of products of the farms and factories could liKewisc be controlled. The wage earners themselves would' be far better off as their cost of living would not be increased. The country would escape the disasters of an inflation which, unless controlled, will bring misery and suffering to all citizens." The long-standing criticism lev ( - eled at the New Deal is thut, in' stead of .meeting each problem simply and forcefully, it invariably takcs-thc" io'hgost %vay 'round and winds up with an incredibly complicated and costly—and perhaps unworkable—solution. Thus it is that the government has let wages rise unchecked for several years, even those wages which government itself was paying; and then, when the food problem becomes pressing because of this earlier neglect, government proposes a complicated and costly system of subsidies. Invariably the New Deal arrives at a solution which thrusts the whole cost, and a mounting responsibility, upon the institution of gov- By T"o Associated Press Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek's Chinese armies have stormed within 12 miles of the Japanese keystone base at Ichang, rolling up 30,000 Japanese casualties, and are driving the invaders into retreat along the whole upper Yangtze river front, a Chinese army spokesman said today. Disputes said Gen. Chiang's force? were sweeping on to spectacular new triumphs after winning a "Chinese battle of Stalingrad" around Chihpci, where the Japanese had orders to resist to the last. Chinese quralers apparently believed the battle might mark a turning point, in the six bloody years of war with Japan. Tokyo said the 10th Chinese claim of victory, a Tokyo broadcast tersely declared Japanese operations in Central China had been "successfully concluded and all Japanese forces have been brought back to their bases." Tokyo said Ih c 10th Chinese army and other forces had been annihilated in battles extending over a 190 - mlic front from Tung- ting lake to the Yantze- river srtonghold at Ichang. A Chinese spokesman said Chinese troops were continuing to advance after recapturing the town of Changyang, only 12 miles south ot Ichang, and had also seized the Yangtze port of. Chihkiang, 35 miles below Ichang. Nearly one-third of 100,000 Japa- Reds Destroy 123 of 500 Nazi Air Attackers —Europe -® BY WILLIAM McGAFFIN Moscow, June 3, — (IP) — A force of about 500 German planes attacked the,Russian base at Kursk yes terday afternoon and at least 123 were shot down, the Russians announced today, signalizing a new and growing phase of the bitter aerial battle on the eastern front. The Nazi air fleet represented the largest single mass the Germans have concentrated in any sector for months and their reported losses marked one of the biggest single day's bags in any theater of aerial war. A Moscow broadcast said 93 of OPA Seeks to Halt Rising Whiskey Price Washington, June 3 —(/P) - Skyrocketing liquor prices prompted the Office of Price Administration today to seek an improved program of price control. OPA called on all owners of brands of distilled spirits to file by July 2 complete data on prices, and to describe the method by which they established the ceilings. It was thought probable the agency may establish a new maximum schedule at the distiller level, with the retail price to be determined by specific wholesale and retail mark-ups. French Leaders Delayed in Expressing Aim By EDWARD KENNEDY Algiers, June 3, — (ff>) — Member CIO, AFL Boards to White House; i Order Expected -Washington By The Associated Press ( ' ,ufi Washington, June 3 — ffl— Pres-f 1 ident Roosevelt called the CIO— AFL War Labor Board to the\ White House for a conference' to-^' day amid increasing signs of some 1 ) presidential action designed to end ' s the stoppage of coal production byrj John L. Lewis' United Mine Work/... ers. . '• . iJt The possibility of any action be-f fore late today, or perhaps tomorif row, appeared remote, however^ ,( There was evidence that the* White House and James F r < Byrnes, new war mobilization Director, were working behind the^ scenes to bring the coal strike to a3 conclusion. <\"^ Nevertheless, Presidential Secre-S tary Stephen Early said that he^ assumed the War Labor Boards' order that negotiations between? 1 "be haH>« the coal ' ^ NEA Service Yelephoto Charles Hartman, 51, veteran miner dressed in his work- the raiders were brought down by o f the French executive committee Soviet pilots in air duels and that met today afte r expressing an in- anti-aircraft guns shot down 30 tention to declare their organiza- more, after some planes got tion the governing body for Liber- through to the city "and haphaz- ated Fran ce, but it was indicated l£" onpratorq and ardly dropped bombs which inflic- when the sessioll closed that this ed untfl men are ed material damage and casual- measure still was pending. " ts stm stan ds. tie J;-" _ . .... , , .,J An agenda has been agreed upon The member's of the combined?/' The Russians said they lost 30 in conversations among members Labor War Board meet periodical-V, planes and declared the ally of yest erday, but by this morning, it ± with the pl . eslden t ot consider^'' Nazi victims was incomplete. was reported several additional ^ matters pretainmg to labor inf* (The Soviet noon communqiue points which were opposed by Gen. ^he war effort. There was no spe-'fj<, as recorded by the London Soviet Charles de Gaulle had been put on c ifj c indication that the chief exe-^y radio monitor said 37 German the program. This was believed to cu tive would bring the coal dis-^lj planes were shot down in the 1 have caused the delay. pute before it, although chances / Kuban valley northeast of Novor- Details of the compromise appeared to be good that he would/,*.* ossisk yesterday. Land action was reacn ed between de Gaulle and go over the coal problems. wifhAY,"- minor except on the Kalinin front, Gen Henri Qiraud on the former's the CIO and AFL leaders. TheJS", where 2,000 Germans were killed der nand for a purge of officials United Mine Workers have no in a two-day battle after a thrust who f ormer i y were o f pro-Vichy resentative on the board that temporarily dented Russian tendencies were revealed by well Those coming to the White House^ to as ernment as if to say: "1 am fore it reached the coast." Fortifications along that coast ' II I I were called "hardly less strong than those on the French channel and Atlantic coasts," the broadcast declared. $1,000 Loss at Gunter Mill Fire Fire destroyed a building housing the boiler room at the Gunter Lumber Mill about 10 p. m. last night causing approximately $1,000 loss, officials of the company said today. Mill officials believe machinery in the building was undamaged, although the building itself burned completely. The fire will cause a week's cle- |fl| lay in production, it was said. WomeVNoV Eligible For Swedish Throne Stockholm (fP) —The ministry of justice tabled indefinitely a proposal that the Riksdag change the Ssvcdish constitution to make women members'of the royal fomily eligible for the throne. Attorney Sven Montelius, making the proposal, said that if Sweden became involved in the war and an heir should be killed it would b e advantageous if women members would be eligible to serve as regent. He apparently had in mind the "Princesses of Haga," Margar- f| ctha, born in 1937, and Dcsiree, born in 1938. They are daughters of Prince Gustav Adolf and Princess Sibylla. The Prince is the eldest son of the Crown Prince. Gibraltar—I am impregnable." But nothing in this world, we have recently learned, is Impregnable. And so the resistance to the food subsidy plan rises by leaps and bounds. We are fighting not only for a principle of sound government, but to -defend the nation against the very real spectre of a food shortage. Men can do all the bookkeeping they want to in Washington—bub if the practical application of their figures and policy proves wrong this country may wake up one morning to find itself on the verge of starvation. We have been playing a dangerous game with the internal economy of America—and the people today are demanding decisive action on each problem as it rises. Mississippi Claims Two More Lives Memphis, June 3 —OP)— Backwaters of the Mississippi River claimed two lives yesterday while three others were rescued as the river neared its crest of 38 feet here — four feel above flood stage, J. E. Anderson, operator of an island farm near Memphis, drowned when the small boat in which he was moving his wife and two boys to safety capsized. The woman, wearing a life jacket, and nese troops engaged in the offensive, aimed at China's vital "rice Tjpwl" lands, ..were .declared "hiqvc"*becn killed or wounded Gen. Chiang's l armies displayed a surprising resurgence of power. American air power was credited with playing a strong role in supporting the Chinese successes, and a communique from Licut.- Gcn. Joseph W. Stilwell's headquarters said the 14Ih U. S. Air Force struck 10 heavy blows against the Japanese May 30 - 31, strafing enemy troops, smashing trains and river boats, and destroying aircraft in the skies and on the ground. In the Southwest Pacific Gen. Douglas MacArthur's headquarters announced U. S. Flying Fortresses and Liberators, attacking six times in a week, had .. dropped 15 tons of bombs on the Japanese bases at LEO and Wewak, Now Guinea. inn clothes approached crowd of strikers around the mine defenses, the war bulletin said. informed persons who cannot loe included President William Green',, entrance here and said "This is my job and by God I am (Today's German communique identified by name. of the AFL; Philip Murray, CIO^ entrance nere unui buiu ' ''* Y ' . . J, . , asserted the German were engag- D e Gaulle had insisted the house president, Julius Emspak, secre-Vj going o work! No one attempted to stop nim wnen ne ana | d . n heayy defensive flghling in cleaning take place before the tary-treasurer of the CIO Electri-f five others entered thejmme and worked the tull seven-hour thek , Kuban bridgehead and that committee was formally.... estab- cal Workers Union; R. J, Thomas?*^ shift. His 17-year-old Daughter, Beatrice in picture checks "thrusts and attempts at piercing lished, they said, while Giraud president of the CIO Automotive, ^V I . • J • '.. 1 I I— _/_ ^ A !'__.! J. _ t-f*. * t m~\ r I—I rt t*4-vv*n v*'r> r-rtv-i Q<-il- I tit A /"Invi^-* rtn Tin Ats TY1 O rl O llV Snvl At'. I .-1 *«wi n vi.<3ii*3 ''.4lt n 4- 4-K n r»w^rtrv\n H-«e* V*o 1 1X7r»tilr'«r > ff TTnlrtn QYlH > i {"JpfYI*f*P ,W?f . , his dinner pail before'going to work. Hartman's son, Sgt. the German lines, made by Soviet demanded that the cmomittee be I Workers' Union. andu Ge Inn Nplsbn Hartmow-'isitiiV'the air cor'D-WSf* North Africa -This 1 - " lfantr y and tanks, collapsed in' se t up first and that it then con- Meany, AFI7 secretary. Early,JOS. IN^.ISOn narTmawtiW, • int. uir i,uiy.*w, INUIIII /-um_u. i ma. | ^^v, Qr , t ,, Qtnf , fivf> ^ r ^ sp w p r p | „;,,„„ „„„!, „„„„ „„ -«t= ™ 0> .itc hft» r,r ooc t,t> -was neither forei scene took place at Uniontown, Pa.. Roosevelt Expected to Sign Tax Throughout the scries of assaults, it was announced, not a single Japanese fighter rose. to challenge the Americans. the boys holding to a tree were pulled from the river two hours later as the overturned craft was swept into the main rvicr. Charles Anderson, 15, said his father drowned shortly after saying "goodby son, we are gone." First victim of the overflow was 12-year-old Bobby Jeff Rundles who drowned when an improvised raft he and several other boys were riding capsized near Dyersburg, Tenn. Army engineers said they now have the situation under control with 35,000 acres of fertile west Tennessee farm land inundated by backwaters. Levees should hold, they said, and there should be no further damage to crops. Belleau Wood, where U. S. marines stopped Germany's drive to Paris in 1918, was purchased by a group of, American women in 1924. McClellan Asks Funds to Repair Roads Little Rock, June 3 —(/in—U. S. Senator John L. McClellan appealed to President Roosevelt today to release $1,700,000 in federal aid highway funds for repairs to Arkansas highways and bridges damaged by recent floods. McClellan made a tour of the flood area yesterday. In his telegram to the president, the senator said that damage to federal aid highways and bridges in the slate would be between $5,000,000 and $10,000,000. "Understand approximately $8,000,000 still unexpended in fund authorized under acts of 1934 and 1938 to reimburse states for highways damaged by floods." he telegraphed. "Urge your cooperation to make this fund immediately states whose highways have been damaged and destroyed by recent floods." His specific request for $1,700.000 said this amount was the "un- obligated balance of federal aid highway funds due the state of Arkansas, which funds are now frozen by executive directive." In another telegram to Thomas W. McDonald, public roads admin- silration commissioner, McClellan said: "Approximately $170,000,000 of reguar federal air highway funds arc now unobligated and frozen by directive. At least $50,000,000 of these funds should b.e made available immediately to slates Washington, June 3 — (/P)— American income taxpayers today Awaited President Roosevelt's decision whether they shall pick themselves up by the financial boot straps and become current on their bills with Uncle Sam. Before the president is a compromise mcassurc approved by overwhelming voles in both houses o£ Congress which will put 44,000,000 persons on a pay-as-you-go basis if Mr. Roosevelt sgins it, as congressional leaders are reported lo have received new assurances he will do. The measure was sent to the White House by a 62 to 19 Senate vote yesterday. If it becomes law, the average taxpayer will pay 25 per cent of the lesser of his 1042 or 1943 taxes — in addition to his current levies as the boot-strap device to ge himself on the pay-as-you-go basis that Congress, the treasury anc the president all have said is de sirable. This, and other major provision will make collections current ii this manner: l.A full year's lax ( the lesse of 1042 or '1943: will be bated fo all persons who owe $50 or less with a notch provision giving a $5 abatement, to all up to $66.67. Onl concentrated fire or else w e r e I sider'each case on its merits. Ithe^press he was neither forecl smashed before the troops were, de- These persons said de gaulle ing or anticipating any ployed for attack." had yielded to Giraud's demand House statement or action on"j (The communique said "Strong for selection of the committee first coal situation later on in the German battle plane formations and that it was agreed the con- Reasserted: .^ r » i "<".<had a considerable share in this sideration of individual cases would "On the coal strike front there-, defensive success." begin immediately. isn't as far as I can tell now, jury „. air attacks on railway in- The names on de Gaulle's ouster expectatoin of any announcement"/* stallations neai Kur°sk "werf ex- Ust would be taken up in turn that can be given to the pres.'. 4 rprrl pl v i, P 3vv and German shock and de Gaulle was assured no «ie presem ume. tiemely he^y ^e^a^shock ^^ ^ ^ ^ ^ MeanwbUe soft ^oal operators.J dugout positions the Germans rnissing at least one off,cial, it was and ^mted Mj™ Workei,, Allied Headquarters in North Af-'| Ss f an " p ™^ s were shot down yes"- The Fighting French leader was wage, conferenceJhis morning cia, June 3 — (fP)— Allied destroy- | terdav Tne communique was re- said to have had 15 names on his rs sank two Axis merchant ves- 3 Axis Ships Destroyed Off Italian Coast By DANIEL DE LUCE of operators*^ bv theAssed groups Press I No. 1 ouster 'fist,"including" Mar" I have advised the War Labor , ^ eel Peyrouton, governor - general they will obey its order not to ne-/ nd drove an enemy destroyer I "7^^ Ru'g'sYan" Vommunique an- of Algeria, who resigned two days gotiate the coal contract issues ,, ashore burning Tuesday night_ in | ^^edVree tons were r'ecaptur- | ago; ^-re^ois^on, ^vernor-gen- ^^ t ^^rS5S«J., els and an escorting torpedo boat from a Berlin broadcast. 5 per cent of the lesser of 194 or 1043 taxees will be abated fo others, who will be required to pay the remaining 25 per cent in two annual installmets. 2. A 20 per cent withholding levy on wages and salaries, above basic exemptions, will go into effect July 1 for current collection of income and victory taxes. 3. Taxpayers with other sources of inromt! will estimate their 1943 liability and pay quarterly on it. beginning Sept. 15. 4. The first two installments paid this year nn 1042 taxes will be credited to 19^3 taxes. an attack on a convoy off Capo Spartivento, Italy, it was lounced today. Capo Spartviento is at the toe of latly. The daring Allied naval attack struck at the heart of Italy's sea communications in defiance of the Italian fleet. Together with two naval bombardments this week of Pantelleria, it indicated that in Italy's southern waters the Allies have achieved naval supremacy to match their air supremacy. The Italians are dependent on the strait of Messina between Sicily and the toe of the Italian ma- land to sail cargo ships between the west and east coasts. Capo Spartivento stands at the southern approach to the strait of Messina. Aikn the air war, American plane raided Pantelleria and the southwest coast of Sardinia yesterday without loss of a single plane. The naval blow off Capo Spar- tivento like the two naval bombardments of Pantelleria was accomplished without loss of a single ship. . Air Attacks Senator Led to 1943 r Clark ID- Mo) tolrl Gasoline tankers in the U. S. Navy usually carry Indian names of rivers flowing through oil-producing regions. like Arkansas, that have sustained tremendous damage from recent floods." *•** • ^— U. S. aircraft, carriers customarily are named after famous old Senate yesterday that knowledge Mr. Roosevelt, would veto a full 100 per cent abatement, bill forced the compromise, which Senator Vandonborj* (R-Mich) estimated would put 90 per cent uf taxpayers on a current basis at once and make the other 10 per cent current within two years. Georgian New Head of Central College Conway, June 3 —(/Pi— Edwin S. Preston, executive secretary of Shorter college at Rome, Ga., will become president of Central colships: and battles in American his- lege, a Baptist endowed girl. tory. school here, July 1. "Our force suffered no casualties or damage," said a commun- ique issued from the headquarters of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, Allied commander in chigf. One of the sunken merchant vessels blew up after being set afire by the destroyers' guns, the bulletin said. Among the attacking force was one vessel of the Royal Greek navy. United States war planes swept over Pantelleria almost at will yesterday, blowing up one building in the Ort area and damaging others, and shot un radio inslalla*ions and bivouacked troops in southern Sardinia. Marauders, Lightnings and War- hawks maintained the merciless air offensive against Mussolini's fortified rock 45 miles east of the tip of Cap Bon peninsula. The operations were carried out without, loss of any of the Allied planes, the announcement said. From their desert hideouts, RAF long-range fighters swept over the Aegean sea yesterday, sinking two small sailing vessels at anchor in an island harbor and damaging a third by cannon fire, a middle east air communique added. The bulletin said the crew of the latter vessel was observed to abandon the ship. All planes returned. I of Kursk) " French Morocco; Gen. Jean Marie | Bergeret, commaner of the French West African Air Force; and Gen. Rene Prioux of Giraud's general staff. He wants to see the 15 go first. Then he has list No. 2 and list I No. 3 and possibly others. These contain names of others considered by the Fighting French leader as less important offenders. De Gaulle's view is that the Washington, June 3 — WP) — Re- committee will have no moral in- newed aerial activity in the South fiuence unless it cleans out those Pacific with American bombers officials whom he described as not pounding Japanese positions on "worthy" to lead the French in Bougainville was reported by the | wa r. Navy today in a communique which told also of small enemy groups on Attu. Large fires were started at Tin- puts harbor and Numa Numa harbor by the bombers which struck | the northeast coast of Bougainville. Two small enemy vessels off Tin- puts were bombed and one was reached. The text of the communique which raised the known Japanese dead on Attu in the Aleutains to 1,791 follows: "North Pacific: "1. On June 1st. on Attu island, United States army troops combed scattered areas and by noon had eliminated minor groups of Japanese troops encountered. "2. H is further reported that the known Japanese dead on Attu island total 1,701. This figure does not include the unknown number Thirteen More killed artillery fire and bombs. Such casualties were either cremated or buried by the Japanese. "3. On June 1st, formations of Army Mitchell and Venturia medium bombers, Lightning and War- hawk fighters bombed and strafed Kiska. Hits were scored on Japanese main camp area, the runway and gun emplacements. A number of Canadians piloting War- hawks participated. "South Pacific (all dates east lonaitudel "4. Purini; the evening of May 31st. Liberator heavy bombers attacked Japanese installations at Tinputs harbor and Numa Numa harbor on the northeast coast of Bougainville island. Numerous fires were started. In addition, two small Japanese vessels off Tinputs were bombed. One of these was damaged and beached." Jap Prisoners Washington, June 3 —(/P)— Thirteen Arkansans were among the 594 United States soldiers listed by the War Department today as prisoners of the Japanese in an undisclosed camp. They were: Pvt. Raymond A. Alstott, son of Mr. Catherine Altott, Rt. 2, Lowll. Pvt. Elton W. Copeland, son of Mrs. Mollie Copeland, Rt. 1, North Little Rock. Pfc. William C, Curry, son of W. C. Curry, Sr., Trumann. Pfc. Walte H. Hager, son of George S. Hager, 1610 South D. Street; Fort Smith. Pfc. Troy E. Holt, son of David R. Holt, Fayetteville. Pvt. Burtran M. Keck, son of Edgar B. Keck, Rt. 4, Little Rock. Pvt. George J. Koury, son of G. D. Koury, Camden. Pvt. Don E. Mitchell, son of Mrs. Dora E. Mitchell, Fordyce. miliar with the conference rules said final adjournment would not be taken without the consent of both sides. * • Washington, June 3 — (£>)— The coal strike boiled down to two strong-minded personalities today ,•.' —President Roosevelt and John L/ ^ &. Lewis. •" '?| Competent sources said the pres« & ident is ready to issue the order 1 ,, that Lewis has withheld — an or^ der directing the nation's 500,000^ coal miners back to the pits pending settlement of their Wage demands. The order, ft was reported, may come sometime today. If it follows patterns of the past, allowing the men several days to return to their jobs, actual coal production ^ could be achieved again by Mqn»;< day. The president's attitude was de- i scribed after he conferred with. (Continued on Page Two) Ford Taxes May Be Only 12 Millions — The will Pvt. Cletis,! Oveton, son of Rufus Overtoil, Rt. 1, Rolla. Pvt. Robert V. Person, son of Mrs. Delia Pearson, Clarendon. Pvt. Lee H. Sechrest, son of Everett H. Secgrest, Pocahonlas. Pvt. Robert E. Sparks son of J. W. Sparks, Marmaduke. Cpl. Jack W. Wood, son of Joe C. Wood, Rt. 1, Nettleton. "Caulk off" is a Navy slang term meaning to take a nap. Detroit, June 3 of Edsel Bryant Ford was filed for ' probate today and, because it bet > queathed the greater part of hfs Ford Motor Company stock to the Ford Foundation, attorneys esti-. mated estate inheritance and transfer taxes miaht not amount Jo much more than $12,000,000. Earlier reports, based solely upon,' conjecture, had placed the possible tax at as much as $200.000 OQQ Attorneys said the estate itself probably would amount to $200,000,000. Edsel Ford, only son of Henry Ford and late president of the Ford Motor Co. died last week at the age of 49. The Ford Foundation, a non-! ^.j profit corporation, was organized in 1936 for educational and other purposes. Gifts to organizations of' its types are not taxable. That portion of the Ford stock; not bequeathed to the foundation is left in equal shares to Mrs. Eleanor Clay Ford, the widow, and each of the four children — Henry Ford II, Benson Ford. Mrs. Walter Buhl Ford II and William Clay Ford- The widow is made ecu- trix.

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